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Abbreviation: LL
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Long forms: 558

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lumbar lordosis
(433 times)
Orthopedics
(206 times)
PI (252 times)
PT (206 times)
TK (171 times)
2002 Relation between the pelvis and the sagittal profile in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the influence of curve type.
lepromatous leprosy
(193 times)
Tropical Medicine
(70 times)
BL (42 times)
BT (32 times)
ENL (26 times)
1975 Association of amyloidosis with erythema nodosum leprosum reactions and recurrent neutrophil leucocytosis in leprosy.
longissimus lumborum
(185 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(113 times)
SM (41 times)
PM (36 times)
GM (24 times)
1990 Recommended terminology for the muscle commonly designated 'longissimus dorsi'.
lower limb
(112 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
UL (43 times)
CI (6 times)
CBF (4 times)
1985 Ultrasonic systolic blood pressure gradient between upper and lower limbs in normal term Chinese neonates.
low light
(103 times)
Botany
(37 times)
HL (77 times)
NPQ (11 times)
PSII (11 times)
1988 Nitrate content, amino acid composition and growth of yellow birch seedlings in response to light and nitrogen source.
leg length
(58 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
SH (13 times)
SDS (8 times)
THA (7 times)
1987 Effect of spinal irradiation on growth.
lymphoblastic lymphoma
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
ALL (19 times)
BL (8 times)
CR (6 times)
1975 Therapeutic effect of Leo 1031, an alkylating corticosteroid ester; in lymphoproliferative disorders. II. Lymphocytic lymphoma.
lymphoid leukosis
(52 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
MD (12 times)
ALV (7 times)
ML (6 times)
1965 [The pleuropulmonary manifestations of lymphoid leukemia (LL)].
low blood pressure
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
LH (14 times)
BP (8 times)
SBP (6 times)
1980 [Development of early kidney lesions in genetically hypertensive, normotensive and hypotensive rats].
10  Landau level
(33 times)
Nanotechnology
(13 times)
QH (4 times)
h-BN (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2004 Electron-spin domains: magnetic enhancement of superconductivity.
11  lateral lemniscus
(33 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
IC (19 times)
CN (9 times)
SOC (8 times)
1978 Ascending and intrinsic projections of the superior olivary complex in the cat.
12  long latency
(33 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
SL (14 times)
ML (11 times)
CFP (3 times)
1981 Neural development in children: a neurophysiological study.
13  laterolateral
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AP (22 times)
CC (8 times)
LI (5 times)
1976 [Cardioangiographic evaluation of the left ventricular volume: an analysis of the various formulas used (author's transl)].
14  left lobe
(30 times)
Transplantation
(16 times)
RL (22 times)
LDLT (12 times)
LLS (6 times)
1996 Case of a parathyroidectomized patient observed longitudinally by ultrasonography. Relationship between the growth rates and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor contents in the parathyroid glands.
15  late luteal
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
EL (13 times)
EF (9 times)
ML (7 times)
1985 Pulsatile gonadotropin secretion in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea: evidence that reduced frequency of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion is the mechanism of persistent anovulation.
16  lesion load
(26 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
MS (24 times)
MRI (9 times)
EDSS (5 times)
1999 Reproducibility of brain MRI lesion volume measurements in multiple sclerosis using a local thresholding technique: effects of formal operator training.
17  late loss
(24 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DES (11 times)
EES (6 times)
BMS (5 times)
2002 UVB-activated psoralen reduces luminal narrowing after balloon dilation because of inhibition of constrictive remodeling.
18  lesion length
(24 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
MLD (12 times)
FFR (11 times)
MLA (7 times)
2000 The relative influence of lesion length and other stenosis morphologies on procedural success of coronary intervention.
19  lactation length
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
CI (4 times)
DP (3 times)
AFC (2 times)
1999 Influence of equine chorionic gonadotropin on weaning-to-estrus interval and estrus duration in early-weaned, primiparous, female swine.
20  laser lithotripsy
(23 times)
Urology
(11 times)
PL (12 times)
EHL (4 times)
ML (3 times)
1994 Treatment of ureteric stones. Comparison of laser and pneumatic lithotripsy.
21  left lateral
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
RL (11 times)
AP (3 times)
AS (3 times)
1991 [The surgical section of the bundle of Kent as an operative treatment of the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: apropos a series of 82 operated cases].
22  Lewis lung
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PC (2 times)
Pt (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
1978 Effectiveness of clinically active antineoplastic drugs in a surgical-adjuvant chemotherapy treatment regimen using the Lewis Lung (LL) carcinoma.
23  Look-Locker
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(16 times)
MOLLI (4 times)
IR (3 times)
ASL (2 times)
2004 Modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) for high-resolution T1 mapping of the heart.
24  larger-later
(18 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(10 times)
SS (17 times)
ADHD (2 times)
NAc (2 times)
2009 Delay and reward choice in ADHD: an experimental test of the role of delay aversion.
25  lateral line
(18 times)
Biology
(7 times)
aLLn (2 times)
FL (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1998 Morphological and cytological ontogenesis of the ampullae of lorenzini and lateral line canals in the Oman shark, Iago omanensis Norman 1939 (Triakidae), from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.
26  landfill leachate
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
CAT (2 times)
CWs (2 times)
DO (2 times)
2009 Chromium in soil layers and plants on closed landfill site after landfill leachate application.
27  leukemia-lymphoma
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MSC (3 times)
EBV (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1992 Characterization of heterotypic adherence between transformed human lymphoblastic cells and marrow stromal cells: VCAM-1 is a ligand for one of the leukemia cell adhesion proteins.
28  lysolecithin
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ICSI (4 times)
PC (3 times)
PE (3 times)
1966 Fatty acids in phospholipids isolated from human red cells.
29  Lactococcus lactis
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
BLG (2 times)
LAB (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
1995 The isolation of lactococcal promoters and their use in investigating bacterial luciferase synthesis in Lactococcus lactis.
30  left lung
(13 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
RL (9 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1990 Effect of increased intracranial pressure on regional hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.
31  Lewis lung carcinoma
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
MST (2 times)
AL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1977 Combinations of tetrahydrouridine and cytosine arabinoside in mouse tumors.
32  long-long
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SS (10 times)
SL (5 times)
LS (4 times)
2000 Dopamine D4 receptor gene and severity of dependence.
33  longissimus thoracis et lumborum
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
SM (3 times)
AF (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1996 The relationship between muscularity, muscle:bone ratio and cut dimensions in male and female lamb carcasses and the measurement of muscularity using image analysis.
34  low-level
(13 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HL (8 times)
ML (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1998 Spike responses of sympathetic vertebral nerve activities during stimulation of the pressor dorsomedial and rostral ventrolateral medulla differ in cats.
35  laminated layer
(12 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
ACP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2001 Major carbohydrate antigen of Echinococcus multilocularis induces an immunoglobulin G response independent of alphabeta+ CD4+ T cells.
36  lateral longissimus
(12 times)
Brain
(5 times)
ML (5 times)
TS (3 times)
FG (2 times)
1981 Supraspinal and segmental input to lumbar epaxial motoneurons in the rat.
37  lower lobe
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
UL (4 times)
ML (2 times)
RL (2 times)
1988 Site of airway obstruction: effects on the acoustic impedance of excised pig lungs.
38  lowlanders
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HL (5 times)
HA (3 times)
AI (2 times)
1978 Changes in EEG pattern during acclimatization to high altitude (3500 m) in man.
39  Luttinger liquid
(11 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
AF (1 time)
CDW (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2001 Two-dimensional anisotropic non-Fermi-liquid phase of coupled Luttinger liquids.
40  lining layer
(10 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
RA (7 times)
SL (5 times)
OA (4 times)
1976 Morphological and physical basis for lung surfactant action.
41  lipid-lowering
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
AH (6 times)
ACS (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2005 Predictors of adherence with antihypertensive and lipid-lowering therapy.
42  long allele
(10 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
AR (1 time)
ERalpha, ERbeta (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2005 Association of repeat polymorphisms in the estrogen receptors alpha, beta, and androgen receptor genes with knee osteoarthritis.
43  low-low
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HH (8 times)
LH (8 times)
HL (6 times)
1990 Acid precipitation and food quality: inhibition of growth and survival in black ducks and mallards by dietary aluminum, calcium, and phosphorus.
44  leaf lifespan
(9 times)
Botany
(7 times)
LMA (4 times)
PNUE (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2005 The relationship between nuclear DNA content and leaf strategy in seed plants.
45  linear lesions
(9 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AF (5 times)
PVI (5 times)
SR (2 times)
2000 Acute electrophysiologic effects and antifibrillatory actions of the long linear lesions in the right atrium in a sheep model.
46  lumbar lordosis angle
(9 times)
Spine
(3 times)
SS (6 times)
PI (4 times)
PT (4 times)
2008 The combined use of a posterior dynamic transpedicular stabilization system and a prosthetic disc nucleus device in treating lumbar degenerative disc disease with disc herniations.
47  Lyon low blood pressure
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
LH (7 times)
LN (4 times)
BP (2 times)
1984 Specific decrease of secretin/VIP-stimulated adenylate cyclase in the heart from the Lyon strain of hypertensive rats.
48  Lake Louise
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AMS (8 times)
AMS-C (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2004 Acute mountain sickness is associated with sleep desaturation at high altitude.
49  lateral lamina
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
ET (6 times)
ML (5 times)
TVPM (4 times)
1991 Abnormalities of lateral cartilaginous lamina and lumen of eustachian tube in cases of cleft palate.
50  light load
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HL (6 times)
BFR (2 times)
BD (1 time)
2010 Contraction intensity and feeding affect collagen and myofibrillar protein synthesis rates differently in human skeletal muscle.
51  Listing's law
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
VOR (6 times)
LP (5 times)
UVD (3 times)
2001 Chameleon eye position obeys Listing's law.
52  log-likelihood
(8 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
AIC (4 times)
BIC (3 times)
ARIMA (2 times)
1990 Quantitative analysis of tomographic stress thallium-201 myocardial scintigrams: a multicenter trial.
53  low line
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HL (6 times)
ThrWtLay (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
1991 Genetic selection for aflatoxin B1 resistance influences chicken T-cell and thymocyte proliferation.
54  lamina lucida
(7 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
LD (4 times)
BMZ (2 times)
IEM (2 times)
1989 The presence of intra-lamina lucida blister formation in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita: possible role of leukocytes.
55  Leucaena leucocephala
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
MO (2 times)
PP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2004 Effect of supplementation of a basal diet of maize stover with Erythrina variegata, Gliricidia sepium or Leucaena leucocephala on feed intake and digestibility by goats.
56  long-lived
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
SL (3 times)
BPH (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2010 Sonography-guided positioning of intravenous long lines in neonates.
57  low load
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HL (4 times)
BFR (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2001 Interference with performance of a response selection task that has no working memory component: an rTMS comparison of the dorsolateral prefrontal and medial frontal cortex.
58  lumen loss
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
DES (2 times)
IVUS (2 times)
MLD (2 times)
2006 A prospective randomized antiplatelet trial of cilostazol versus clopidogrel in patients with bare metal stent.
59  luminal loss
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BMS (3 times)
MACE (2 times)
QCA (2 times)
2007 Time-dependent effects on coronary remodeling and epicardial conductance after intracoronary injection of enriched hematopoietic bone marrow stem cells in patients with previous myocardial infarction.
60  labiolingual
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MD (6 times)
CLP (2 times)
OG (2 times)
2001 Permanent tooth crown dimensions in prematurely born children.
61  lepromatous lepromatous
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
BL (5 times)
BT (5 times)
BB (4 times)
1988 Study of serum zinc level in leprosy.
62  linalool
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
LA (2 times)
PE (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1999 Effect of Types of Perfume Compounds on the Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance Temperature.
63  lyoluminescence
(6 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
ML (2 times)
TL (1 time)
1977 Lyoluminescence dosimetry in photon and fast neutron beams.
64  T1-lesion load
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MS (6 times)
BPF (4 times)
EDSS (4 times)
2003 Correlation of sexual dysfunction and brain magnetic resonance imaging in multiple sclerosis.
65  lactate/lipids
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
Cho (5 times)
Cr (5 times)
NAA (5 times)
2002 Analysis of the spatial characteristics of metabolic abnormalities in newly diagnosed glioma patients.
66  large litters
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SL (3 times)
CCK (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1994 Metabolic responses to episodes of partial dietary restriction in undernourished Wistar rats.
67  lentil lectin
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
Con A (5 times)
PHA (5 times)
BSS (3 times)
1984 Differential binding of lectins to lymphopoietic and myelopoietic cells in murine marrow as revealed by flow cytometry.
68  lepromatous leprosy patients
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ENL (3 times)
MDT (2 times)
BI (1 time)
1993 In vitro tumor necrosis factor production by mononuclear cells from lepromatous leprosy patients and from patients with erythema nodosum leprosum.
69  leukocyte locomotion
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RA (1 time)
1980 Mechanism of leukocyte locomotion in hemophilia.
70  Ligustrum lucidum
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AM (3 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
1991 Chinese medicinal herbs reverse macrophage suppression induced by urological tumors.
71  linear-linear
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
SL (3 times)
BO (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
1996 Cataract in atomic bomb survivors based on a threshold model and the occurrence of severe epilation.
72  liquid limit
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PL (4 times)
EC (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2008 Comparison of properties of traditional and accelerated carbonated solidified/stabilized contaminated soils.
73  log-linear
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ARLO (1 time)
ASMR (1 time)
COI (1 time)
2009 Diffusion measurements and diffusion tensor imaging with noisy magnitude data.
74  lotus leaf
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2011 Antioxidant activity of bovine and porcine meat treated with extracts from edible lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) rhizome knot and leaf.
75  low licking
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HL (3 times)
OB (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
2007 Effects of maternal care on the development, emotionality, and reproductive functions in male and female rats.
76  lower leg
(5 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CIREN (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1992 Percutaneous absorption and metabolism of lonapalene in psoriatic skin.
77  luciferin-luciferase
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ATP (2 times)
ATPases (1 time)
BCECs (1 time)
1997 Enzymatic treatment to eliminate the extracellular ATP for improving the detectability of bacterial intracellular ATP.
78  L-leucine
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
RH (3 times)
DVS (2 times)
NGI (2 times)
2016 L-Leucine as an excipient against moisture on in vitro aerosolization performances of highly hygroscopic spray-dried powders.
79  late lactation
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
BUP (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
2007 Phenotypic relationships of common health disorders in dairy cows to lactation persistency estimated from daily milk weights.
80  later-larger
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
SS (4 times)
ACC (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
2004 Impulsive choice in inbred strains of mice.
81  lateral
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
dS (1 time)
1995 A comparison of clinical and radiological parameters with two arthroscopic techniques for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
82  leaf litter
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BSL (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2010 Nutritional composition and condensed tannin concentration changes as browse leaves become litter.
83  left lobectomy
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
RL (3 times)
LLS (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1986 Results of 32 major hepatic resections for primary and secondary malignancies of the liver.
84  lipid and lactate
(4 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
Cho (4 times)
Cr (4 times)
NAA (4 times)
2006 3T 1H-MR spectroscopy in grading of cerebral gliomas: comparison of short and intermediate echo time sequences.
85  local linearization
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2007 Nonlinear local electrovascular coupling. II: From data to neuronal masses.
86  long-latency responses
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EMG (2 times)
HD (2 times)
TA (2 times)
1985 Medium- and long-latency responses to displacements of the ankle joint in patients with spinal and central lesions.
87  long-term exposure to constant light
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPG (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
SCN (1 time)
1980 Regulation by the pituitary gland of circadian rhythms in the hamster.
88  longissimus lumborum muscle
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BFE (1 time)
FASN (1 time)
FH (1 time)
1998 Effect of genetic origin, diet and weaning weight on carcass composition, muscle physicochemical and histochemical traits in the rabbit.
89  longitudinal length
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
BVI (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2008 The role of false lumen size in prediction of in-hospital complications after acute type B aortic dissection.
90  low lateral
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HL (3 times)
LB (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
1992 Nine-lead Holter monitoring using a lead-switching technique for the detection of ischemic ST changes.
91  lumbar laminectomy
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
CA-SID (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
1996 Lumbar sympathectomy for causalgia secondary to lumbar laminectomy.
92  lung liquid
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CET (1 time)
DPG (1 time)
ELL (1 time)
1996 Volume and protein concentration of epithelial lining liquid in perfused in situ postnatal sheep lungs.
93  lung lymphocytes
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
NK (3 times)
AM (2 times)
B-CLL (1 time)
1988 IgA-driven antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae by mouse lung lymphocytes.
94  lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
aGVHD (1 time)
2005 Pentostatin/cyclophosphamide with or without rituximab: an effective regimen for patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma.
95  lacunar lesions
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
WMH (2 times)
BPF (1 time)
CADASIL (1 time)
2008 Cortical changes in cerebral small vessel diseases: a 3D MRI study of cortical morphology in CADASIL.
96  larger but later
(3 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
SS (3 times)
2011 Testing the effect of risk on intertemporal choice in the Chinese cultural context.
97  late light
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
2-DG (1 time)
DP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1983 Influence of 2-deoxy-D-glucose on feeding in the rat at different times of the light-dark cycle.
98  lean line
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FL (3 times)
DE (1 time)
VLDL (1 time)
2002 [SSSR fingerprinting in broiler selected for very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)].
99  left leg
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
RL (3 times)
AB (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
2008 Recording electrocardiograms using 3-limb lead cables instead of the standard 4: a modification to minimize incorrect electrode placements.
100  length of life
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
QOL (2 times)
FCT (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1994 Choices in oncology: factors that influence patients' treatment preference.