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Abbreviation: LLD
Appearance Frequency: 987 time(s)
Long forms: 110

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
leg length discrepancy
(367 times)
Orthopedics
(225 times)
THA (86 times)
DDH (19 times)
HHS (15 times)
1988 Excessive pronation: a major biomechanical determinant in the development of chondromalacia and pelvic lists.
late-life depression
(257 times)
Psychiatry
(154 times)
AD (26 times)
MDD (14 times)
fMRI (12 times)
1999 Cerebral blood flow and metabolism in late-life depression and dementia.
lower limit of detection
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
LLQ (5 times)
CHB (2 times)
cTnI (2 times)
1987 Macro-distribution of naturally occurring alpha-emitting isotopes of U in the human skeleton.
language-learning disabilities
(31 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(23 times)
NL (3 times)
CA (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1987 Story recall and inferencing skills in language/learning-disabled and nondisabled children.
left lateral decubitus
(29 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
RLD (10 times)
VAS (3 times)
DD (2 times)
1987 Lung epithelial permeability to aerosolized solutes: relation to position.
lipid-lowering drugs
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CVD (4 times)
aOR (2 times)
CHD (2 times)
2000 Lack of adherence to lipid-lowering drug treatment. A comparison of utilization patterns in defined populations in Funen, Denmark and Bologna, Italy.
living liver donation
(25 times)
Transplantation
(18 times)
LKD (4 times)
ODT (3 times)
OR (3 times)
2003 Living liver donation: a survey of the attitudes of the public in Great Britain.
low luminance deficit
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
AMD (11 times)
LLVA (10 times)
BCVA (6 times)
2008 Low luminance visual dysfunction as a predictor of subsequent visual acuity loss from geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.
liver-limited disease
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
mCRC (9 times)
OS (7 times)
WT (4 times)
2011 Cost-effectiveness of targeted therapy with cetuximab in patients with K-ras wild-type colorectal cancer presenting with initially unresectable metastases limited to the liver in a German setting.
10  long-lasting depolarization
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
4-AP (2 times)
EPSP (2 times)
AHPs (1 time)
1987 In vitro associative conditioning of Hermissenda: cumulative depolarization of type B photoreceptors and short-term associative behavioral changes.
11  lobomycosis-like disease
(9 times)
Biology
(8 times)
NSD (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2008 Skin diseases in Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) from the Paranagua estuary, Brazil: a possible indicator of a compromised marine environment.
12  leg length difference
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AI (2 times)
HV (2 times)
KV (2 times)
1997 Evaluation of superficial femoral artery compromise and limb growth retardation after transfemoral artery balloon dilatations.
13  lectin-like domain
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CR3 (4 times)
TM (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
2004 The lectin-like domain of complement receptor 3 protects endothelial barrier function from activated neutrophils.
14  long-lasting depression
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LLP (4 times)
LTP (3 times)
LTD (2 times)
1990 Beta-adrenergic agonist-induced long-lasting synaptic modifications in hippocampal dentate gyrus require activation of NMDA receptors, but not electrical activation of afferents.
15  Laparoscopic lavage and drainage
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
LCR (1 time)
OCR (1 time)
2014 Perioperative and postoperative outcomes of perforated diverticulitis Hinchey II and III: open Hartmann's procedure vs. laparoscopic lavage and drainage in the elderly.
16  lower limb discrepancy
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
MSTS (1 time)
PETS (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2014 Leg length discrepancy treatment with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy and blade plate fixation.
17  lupus-like disease
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
SLE (3 times)
ANA (2 times)
aCL (1 time)
1998 Autoimmune thrombocytopenia in primary antiphospholipid syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus: the response to splenectomy.
18  language-learning disorders
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
MST (1 time)
1999 What Are Executive Functions and Self-Regulation and What Do They Have to Do With Language-Learning Disorders?
19  late-life major depression
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
nCCR (1 time)
NCODE (1 time)
NEO-PI-R (1 time)
2013 Graph theory analysis of cortical-subcortical networks in late-life depression.
20  late-life major depressive disorder
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
WMH (2 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
MIP-1alpha (1 time)
2016 Immunological biomarkers associated with brain structure and executive function in late-life depression: exploratory pilot study.
21  lateral line depigmentation
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
HLLE (2 times)
CUD (1 time)
2009 Lateral line depigmentation (LLD) in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque).
22  lateral lymph node dissection
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
TME (2 times)
LN (1 time)
2003 Evaluation of lateral lymph node dissection with preoperative chemo-radiotherapy for the treatment of advanced middle to lower rectal cancers.
23  lead locking device
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CIED (1 time)
2001 Cardiac lead extraction with a novel locking stylet.
24  Lippes Loop D
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
MLCu375 (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1982 Comparison of the Lippes Loop D and tapered Lippes Loop D intrauterine devices.
25  low level discriminator
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
FOV (1 time)
NECR (1 time)
NEMA (1 time)
2004 Optimization of a fully 3D single scatter simulation algorithm for 3D PET.
26  Low Level Disinfection
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
HIV (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
HR-HPV (1 time)
2012 High risk HPV contamination of endocavity vaginal ultrasound probes: an underestimated route of nosocomial infection?
27  lumenal lipid droplets
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
apo (2 times)
TAG (2 times)
VLDL (2 times)
2007 Proteomic and lipid characterization of apolipoprotein B-free luminal lipid droplets from mouse liver microsomes: implications for very low density lipoprotein assembly.
28  Landau-Levich-Derjaguin
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PSRI (1 time)
2020 Depletion of Lubricant from Nanostructured Oil-Infused Surfaces by Pendant Condensate Droplets.
29  late-life unipolar depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ECT (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
LMM (1 time)
2016 Relationship Between Hippocampal Volume, Serum BDNF, and Depression Severity Following Electroconvulsive Therapy in Late-Life Depression.
30  left lateral decubitus position
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
OLV (1 time)
RLD (1 time)
2000 Sequential changes of arterial oxygen tension in the supine position during one-lung ventilation.
31  linkage-linkage disequilibrium
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2010 Validation of whole genome linkage-linkage disequilibrium and association results, and identification of markers to predict genetic merit for twinning.
32  liquid-liquid demixing
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HbA (1 time)
2003 Time scale of protein aggregation dictated by liquid-liquid demixing.
33  longer larval duration
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SLD (2 times)
ISSR (1 time)
SSRs (1 time)
2005 Genetic differentiation induced by selection in an inbred population of the silkworm Bombyx mori, revealed by RAPD and ISSR marker systems.
34  longitudinal limb deficiency
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
TLD (2 times)
aORs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 Maternal nutrient intake and risks for transverse and longitudinal limb deficiencies: data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2003.
35  low-lactose diet
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FODMAP (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
2020 Treatment efficacy of a low FODMAP diet compared to a low lactose diet in IBS patients: A randomized, cross-over designed study.
36  low-lipid diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HLD (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
2008 Effect of dietary levels of corn oil on maternal arachidonic acid synthesis and fatty acid composition in lactating rats.
37  lower detection limit
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
NPV (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
rOv-CF (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of a new lithium colorimetric assay performed on the dade behring dimension X-pand system.
38  lower limit of detectability
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
cTnI (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2003 Impact of the troponin standard on the prevalence of acute myocardial infarction.
39  lower lumbar disc herniation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LL (2 times)
PI (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2016 Radiological analysis of upper lumbar disc herniation and spinopelvic sagittal alignment.
40  follow-up.Leg-length discrepancies
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2019 Transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in adolescents with substantial remaining growth causes temporary growth arrest resulting in subclinical leg-length discrepancy.
41  L-phenylalanine moieties and one D-phenylalanine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LLL or DDD (1 time)
LMWGs (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2005 Cyclohexane-based low molecular weight hydrogelators: a chirality investigation.
42  labels for quantitative HBsAg detection showed improved sensitivity
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Rapid and sensitive HBsAg immunoassay based on fluorescent nanoparticle labels and time-resolved detection.
43  lacaziosis-like disease
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Lacaziosis-like disease among bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus photographed in Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica.
44  lactis subsp lactis biovar diacetylactis
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2006 Importance of bacterial surface properties to control the stability of emulsions.
45  lamellar layer distance
(1 time)
Macromolecular Substances
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
2011 Remarkable change in fluorescence emission of poly(diphenylacetylene) film via in situ desilylation reaction: correlation with variations in microporous structure, chain conformation, and lamellar layer distance.
46  language dominance of the left hemisphere
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
HG (1 time)
POp (1 time)
2013 A surface-based analysis of language lateralization and cortical asymmetry.
47  language learning-disabled children
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Communication breakdowns in normal and language learning-disabled children's conversation and narration.
48  language-literacy deficits
(1 time)
School Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2006 A narrative therapy approach to counseling: a model for working with adolescents and adults with language-literacy deficits.
49  Laparoscopic L5-S1 diskectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LAM (1 time)
1996 Laparoscopic L5-S1 diskectomy: a cost-effective, minimally invasive general surgery--neurosurgery team alternative to laminectomy.
50  laparoscopic lumbar diskectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EBL (1 time)
LAM (1 time)
ORT (1 time)
1998 Laminectomy compared with laparoscopic diskectomy and outpatient laparoscopic diskectomy for herniated L5-S1 intervertebral disks.
51  laparoscopic peritoneal lavage and drainage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LHP (1 time)
2012 Damage control strategy for the management of perforated diverticulitis with generalized peritonitis: laparoscopic lavage and drainage vs. laparoscopic Hartmann's procedure.
52  laser light diffraction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Characterization of the grinding behaviour in a single particle impact device: studies on pharmaceutical powders.
53  late Lyme disease
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
aCL (1 time)
aPL (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2011 Antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with purported 'chronic Lyme disease'.
54  lateral leg displacer
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AVR (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2011 Assessment of two novel surgical positions for the reduction of scoliotic deformities: lateral leg displacement and hip torsion.
55  leaf litter decomposition
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TBZ (1 time)
2016 Combined effects of drought and the fungicide tebuconazole on aquatic leaf litter decomposition.
56  leaf litter density
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effect of Sanitation Treatments on Leaf Litter Density and Leaf Spot Incidence in Integrated and Organic Sour Cherry Orchards.
57  least light density
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IPE (1 time)
2011 Different transillumination property in Chinese and White irides.
58  left lingular division
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
MLND (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2015 Clinicopathological characteristics and lymph node metastasis pathway of non-small-cell lung cancer located in the left lingular division.
59  Lewis ladder diagram
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Old teaching tools should not be forgotten: The value of the Lewis ladder diagram in understanding bigeminal rhythms.
60  Life yearsLived with Disability
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
LE (1 time)
2019 Temporal decomposition of life years lived with disability in India: a growing demographic concern.
61  life-limiting diseases
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
LTD (1 time)
PPC (1 time)
2009 Pediatric palliative care: use of opioids for the management of pain.
62  Lifelines Diet
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
2020 Assessment of Diet Quality and Adherence to Dietary Guidelines in Gastrointestinal Cancer Survivors: A Cross-Sectional Study.
63  lightning location data
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
Se (1 time)
2014 Lightning related fatalities in livestock: veterinary expertise and the added value of lightning location data.
64  limb length deformity
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
AVN (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2018 Clinical experience of debridement combined with resorbable bone graft substitute mixed with antibiotic in the treatment for infants with osteomyelitis.
65  limbus-limbus distance
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ACV (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2018 Effect of Proparacaine 0.375%-Sodium Fluorescein 0.25% Eye Drop Mixture and Fluorescein Strip on Anterior Segment Parameters.
66  limited lymphadenectomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ELD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2015 Diagnostic yield and complications of extended lymphadenectomy versus limited lymphadenectomy combined with radical prostatectomy.
67  linear leptomeningeal disease
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ATRT (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2006 Phase II study of oxaliplatin in children with recurrent or refractory medulloblastoma, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors, and atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors: a pediatric brain tumor consortium study.
68  linear low-density
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
LD (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2005 Two-dimensional (2D) correlation coefficient analyses of heavily overlapped near-infrared spectra.
69  linkage and linkage disequilibrium mapping
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2010 Fine mapping and detection of the causative mutation underlying Quantitative Trait Loci.
70  linkage disequilibrium
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2009 Genome-wide scan for bovine twinning rate QTL using linkage disequilibrium.
71  lipid lowering drug therapy
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FIB (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2006 Association between LDL-cholesterol, statin therapy, physical activity and inflammatory markers in patients with stable coronary heart disease.
72  lipoid liver degeneration
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1976 [An outbreak of lipoid liver degeneration (LLD) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in a fish farm and attempts to cure the disease (author's transl)].
73  Lipoprotein lipase deficiency
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
--- 2010 Lipoprotein lipase deficiency with visceral xanthomas.
74  lipoproteins of low density
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LHD (1 time)
1983 [Interaction between plasma lipoproteins and bilayer lipid membranes. The role of surface charge].
75  Liposomal-Locked in-Dendrimer
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MLCRS (1 time)
2010 Thermodynamic and structural characterization of Liposomal-Locked in-Dendrimers as drug carriers.
76  Liquid level detection
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2010 [The development of techniques for liquid level detection in auto clinical laboratory analyzers].
77  liquid line of descent
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2019 Mafic glass compositions: a record of magma storage conditions, mixing and ascent.
78  liquid lithium divertor
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AXUV (1 time)
NSTX (1 time)
2010 Spectroscopic diagnostics for liquid lithium divertor studies on National Spherical Torus Experiment.
79  litter length density
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LSAD (1 time)
LVR (1 time)
2019 Effects of soil-incorporated plant litter morphological characteristics on the soil detachment process in grassland on the Loess Plateau of China.
80  live liver donors
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LKD (1 time)
2012 Informed consent for living donation: a review of key empirical studies, ethical challenges and future research.
81  livedo-like dermatitis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2006 Nicolau Syndrome: three cases and review.
82  liver lesion detection
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CAIPIRINHA (1 time)
GRAPPA (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2015 CAIPIRINHA-VIBE and GRAPPA-VIBE for liver MRI at 1.5 T: a comparative in vivo patient study.
83  LLD group, LLDG
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
2014 Perioperative and postoperative outcomes of perforated diverticulitis Hinchey II and III: open Hartmann's procedure vs. laparoscopic lavage and drainage in the elderly.
84  LLD individuals without SCH
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
SCH (1 time)
2011 Cognitive functioning in individuals with severe compulsive hoarding behaviors and late life depression.
85  LLD-MD and LLD-IM
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
CCN (1 time)
HC (1 time)
LLD-IM (1 time)
2017 Weight Rich-Club Analysis in the White Matter Network of Late-Life Depression with Memory Deficits.
86  LLDa and LLDp
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Bas (1 time)
NA (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2010 Connections of the auditory brainstem in a songbird, Taeniopygia guttata. III. Projections of the superior olive and lateral lemniscal nuclei.
87  local lattice distortion
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
EMTO (1 time)
fcc (1 time)
2015 Elastic constants of random solid solutions by SQS and CPA approaches: the case of fcc Ti-Al.
88  local linear dependency
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BSP (1 time)
EG (1 time)
TMP (1 time)
2006 Sensitivity- and effort-gain analysis: multilead ECG electrode array selection for activation time imaging.
89  lock-like DNA
(1 time)
Miniaturization
(1 time)
bDNA (1 time)
LRET (1 time)
2018 Lighting Up MicroRNA in Living Cells by the Disassembly of Lock-Like DNA-Programmed UCNPs-AuNPs through the Target Cycling Amplification Strategy.
90  loliolide
(1 time)
Biochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
ASTA (1 time)
NDs (1 time)
SCA (1 time)
2020 Bacopa monnieri and Their Bioactive Compounds Inferred Multi-Target Treatment Strategy for Neurological Diseases: A Cheminformatics and System Pharmacology Approach.
91  long-acting loop diuretics
(1 time)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
HF (1 time)
HFrEF (1 time)
2017 Effects of Long-Acting Loop Diuretics in Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction Patients With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.
92  long-duration depolarization
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CNQX (1 time)
D-APV (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1991 Excitatory synaptic involvement in epileptiform bursting in the immature rat neocortex.
93  long-fed low input dual purpose
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
LHB (1 time)
LMB (1 time)
LMD (1 time)
2006 Economic values for production and functional traits and assessment of their influence on genetic improvement in the Boran cattle in Kenya.
94  long-lasting decrease in discharge rate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
LLE (1 time)
PSF (1 time)
PSP (1 time)
2011 Responses of human soleus motor units to low-threshold stimulation of the tibial nerve.
95  longer labor disability
(1 time)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Clinical and social factors related with a long labor disability].
96  loudness level differences
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
Exp. 1 (1 time)
Exp. 2 (1 time)
2018 How does the perceptual organization of a multi-tone mixture interact with partial and global loudness judgments?
97  low levels of LD
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DHSs (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2017 Linkage disequilibrium-dependent architecture of human complex traits shows action of negative selection.
98  low-level descriptor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GMR (1 time)
mRMRC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2017 Speech features for telemonitoring of Parkinson's disease symptoms.
99  lower limb deficiency
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Body knowledge in children with congenital lower limb deficiency.
100  lower limb deformities
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
EFT (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2020 Complex foot deformities associated with lower limb deformities: a new therapeutic strategy for simultaneous correction using Ilizarov procedure together with osteotomy and soft tissue release.