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Abbreviation: LM
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Long forms: 691

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
light microscopy
(1126 times)
Pathology
(102 times)
SEM (378 times)
TEM (295 times)
EM (260 times)
1974 Probable L-forms of Nocardia asteroides induced in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages.
Listeria monocytogenes
(464 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(171 times)
LLO (21 times)
NK (20 times)
DCs (16 times)
1975 Antitumor activity of bacterial infection. II. effect of Listeria monocytogenes on growth of a guinea pig hepatoma.
lean mass
(311 times)
Metabolism
(66 times)
FM (192 times)
BMD (83 times)
DXA (73 times)
1996 [Post-therapeutic changes in body composition of patients with Graves' disease].
left main
(302 times)
Cardiology
(201 times)
LAD (90 times)
PCI (61 times)
CAD (44 times)
1976 Atherosclerotic narrowing of the left main coronary artery. A necropsy analysis of 152 patients with fatal coronary heart disease and varying degrees of left main narrowing.
liver metastases
(200 times)
Neoplasms
(93 times)
OS (41 times)
CRC (38 times)
PFS (15 times)
1975 The metastatic patterns of osteosarcoma.
leptomeningeal metastasis
(192 times)
Neoplasms
(115 times)
CSF (53 times)
NSCLC (34 times)
EGFR (25 times)
1990 Polyradiculopathy in leptomeningeal metastasis: the role of EMG and late response studies.
laminin
(185 times)
Cell Biology
(33 times)
FN (102 times)
ECM (56 times)
BM (18 times)
1981 Role of basal lamina in neoplastic disorganization of tissue architecture.
lentigo maligna
(175 times)
Dermatology
(131 times)
LMM (66 times)
RCM (17 times)
MMS (14 times)
1980 The radiotherapy of lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma of the head and neck.
laparoscopic myomectomy
(114 times)
Gynecology
(66 times)
AM (9 times)
LH (5 times)
LUAO (5 times)
2000 Pregnancy outcome and deliveries following laparoscopic myomectomy.
10  Levenberg-Marquardt
(110 times)
Medical Informatics
(31 times)
ANN (17 times)
ANNs (7 times)
MLP (5 times)
1989 Ability of the Lapicque and Blair strength-duration curves to fit experimentally obtained data from the dog heart.
11  longissimus muscle
(91 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(50 times)
IMF (7 times)
SM (6 times)
WBS (5 times)
1986 Longissimus muscle quality, palatability and connective tissue histological characteristics of bulls and steers fed different energy levels and slaughtered at four ages.
12  lymphatic malformation
(73 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
AVM (7 times)
VM (7 times)
CM (4 times)
1997 Management of head and neck lymphatic malformations in children.
13  lumbar multifidus
(69 times)
Physical Medicine
(18 times)
TrA (24 times)
LBP (22 times)
EMG (14 times)
2007 Measurement of lumbar multifidus muscle contraction with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging.
14  longitudinal muscle
(65 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
CM (41 times)
ICC (6 times)
ACh (5 times)
1980 Neurally mediated contraction of ileal longitudinal muscle by substance P.
15  left main coronary artery
(62 times)
Cardiology
(37 times)
LAD (18 times)
RCA (14 times)
LCX (13 times)
1989 Stenotic lesions and length of the left main coronary artery in the aged.
16  lipomannan
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
LAM (45 times)
PIMs (17 times)
Mtb (7 times)
1992 Lipoarabinomannan. Multiglycosylated form of the mycobacterial mannosylphosphatidylinositols.
17  laryngeal mask
(56 times)
Anesthesiology
(39 times)
ETT (9 times)
CMV (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1989 [Laryngeal mask--a newly designed oral airway].
18  leiomyoma
(56 times)
Pathology
(23 times)
LMS (39 times)
ER (6 times)
PR (5 times)
1986 Characterization of the nuclear progesterone receptor in human uterine leiomyoma.
19  lateral meniscus
(54 times)
Orthopedics
(18 times)
MM (32 times)
ACL (27 times)
MRI (10 times)
1991 Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of knee injuries.
20  Lund-Mackay
(48 times)
Otolaryngology
(37 times)
CT (23 times)
CRS (20 times)
ESS (10 times)
2007 New radiological typing system for rhinosinusitis and comparison with existing system: initial finding.
21  Logical Memory
(43 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
MCI (8 times)
VR (8 times)
WMS-R (8 times)
1987 Logical memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale: age and education norms and alternate-form reliability of two scoring systems.
22  lactose malabsorption
(40 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
LI (10 times)
IBS (5 times)
LTT (4 times)
1977 Lactose malabsorption among the Pima indians of Arizona.
23  laser microdissection
(36 times)
Botany
(13 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
2003 SPAM1 (PH-20) protein and mRNA expression in the epididymides of humans and macaques: utilizing laser microdissection/RT-PCR.
24  longissimus dorsi muscle
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
IMF (14 times)
FASN (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
1994 Evaluation of Longissimus dorsi muscle pH at three hours Post mortem as a predictor of beef tenderness.
25  lateromedial
(30 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
PA (8 times)
AP (7 times)
TMS (6 times)
1983 Retinotopic organization of striate and extrastriate visual cortex in the hooded rat.
26  liquid metal
(28 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
EGaIn (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
LMEE (2 times)
1992 The effect of meal frequency on postprandial thermogenesis in obese children.
27  littermate
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
KO (5 times)
BDNF (2 times)
BM (2 times)
1976 Parathyroid hormone as a possible causal factor in osteopetrosis of the tl rat.
28  longissimus
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
SM (8 times)
ST (5 times)
SS (4 times)
1986 Effects of low-voltage electrical stimulation during exsanguination on meat quality and display colour stability.
29  lentiformis mesencephali
(24 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
nBOR (15 times)
AOS (5 times)
IO (4 times)
1985 Direction-selective single units in the nucleus lentiformis mesencephali of the pigeon (Columba livia).
30  lipid microspheres
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
NCTD (2 times)
SHR (2 times)
AS013 (1 time)
1986 Enhancement of anti-inflammatory effects of biphenylylacetic acid by its incorporation into lipid microspheres.
31  landmark
(22 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
US (9 times)
CVC (3 times)
IMRT (2 times)
2005 Randomized, controlled clinical trial of point-of-care limited ultrasonography assistance of central venous cannulation: the Third Sonography Outcomes Assessment Program (SOAP-3) Trial.
32  laryngomalacia
(21 times)
Otolaryngology
(14 times)
SGP (4 times)
S-SDB (2 times)
SALs (2 times)
2008 Late-onset laryngomalacia: a variant of disease.
33  longitudinal melanonychia
(21 times)
Dermatology
(16 times)
BD (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
NAM (1 time)
1990 Nail biting and picking as a possible cause of longitudinal melanonychia. A study of 6 cases.
34  low-methoxyl
(21 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
HM (8 times)
DEE (2 times)
R10h (2 times)
2002 Microstructure and rheological behavior of pure and mixed pectin gels.
35  leptomeningeal
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CSF (6 times)
i.t (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1994 Primary culture of human leptomeningeal cells in serum-free medium.
36  linear model
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
TM (3 times)
CLM (2 times)
GLM (2 times)
2002 National evaluation for calving ease, gestation length and birth weight by linear and threshold model methodologies.
37  lymphatic mapping
(18 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
SLN (8 times)
SLNB (5 times)
CRC (3 times)
2001 Validation of lymphatic mapping in colorectal cancer: in vivo, ex vivo, and laparoscopic techniques.
38  leg movements
(17 times)
Psychophysiology
(10 times)
PLMS (11 times)
RLS (6 times)
PLM (5 times)
1986 Fetal responses to acoustic stimulation depend on heart rate variability pattern, stimulus intensity and repetition.
39  luminance-modulated
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CM (16 times)
CE (1 time)
dMAE (1 time)
1999 Does early non-linearity account for second-order motion?
40  lymph node metastases
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DM (3 times)
PC (2 times)
BCa (1 time)
1992 [Flow cytometric analysis in non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma and its prognostic significance].
41  lifestyle medicine
(16 times)
Health Behavior
(10 times)
ACLM (2 times)
LMIGs (2 times)
LMEd (1 time)
2014 The impact of an immersive elective on learners' understanding of lifestyle medicine and its role in patients' lives.
42  lateral mass
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CT (4 times)
ROM (2 times)
TA (2 times)
2010 Lamina-guided lateral mass screw placement in the sub-axial cervical spine.
43  lipid mediator
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SPM (5 times)
Rv (4 times)
SPMs (4 times)
2012 Specific lipid mediator signatures of human phagocytes: microparticles stimulate macrophage efferocytosis and pro-resolving mediators.
44  lactate minimum
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
MLSS (7 times)
HR (2 times)
LMT (2 times)
1993 Estimation of an individual equilibrium between lactate production and catabolism during exercise.
45  lateral-medial
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AP (4 times)
ML (4 times)
PA (3 times)
1999 Should distal interlocking of tibial nails be performed from a medial or a lateral direction? anatomical and biomechanical considerations.
46  lean body mass
(14 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
FM (9 times)
BMI (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
1999 Body composition during GH treatment in Prader-Labhardt-Willi syndrome.
47  leg muscle
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
CIM (3 times)
PM (2 times)
1989 Muscle protein turnover and tenderness in broiler chickens fed cimaterol.
48  lichen myxedematosus
(12 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
A/G (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1997 Lichen myxoedematosus associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection--report of two cases and review of the literature.
49  lifestyle modification
(12 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMI (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
MD (3 times)
2008 Identifying health-related quality of life (HRQL) domains for multiple chronic conditions (diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia): patient and provider perspectives.
50  left main artery
(11 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
RCA (7 times)
LAD (6 times)
LCX (4 times)
1977 Effect of coronary bypass surgery on longevity in high and low risk patients. Report from the V.A. Cooperative Coronary Surgery Study.
51  Lagrange multiplier
(10 times)
Psychometrics
(3 times)
OECD (2 times)
AOSLO (1 time)
CDMs (1 time)
1990 Model Modification in Covariance Structure Modeling: A Comparison among Likelihood Ratio, Lagrange Multiplier, and Wald Tests.
52  Liliequist membrane
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
ETV (6 times)
4D-VM (1 time)
ACoA (1 time)
2006 The effects of fenestration of the interpeduncular cistern membrane arousted to the opening of lamina terminalis in patients with ruptured ACoA aneurysms: a prospective, comparative study.
53  linked mastoids
(10 times)
Neurosciences
(5 times)
REST (9 times)
AR (8 times)
EEG (7 times)
2007 The effect of reference choices on the spatio-temporal analysis of brain evoked potentials: the use of infinite reference.
54  lincomycin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGP (3 times)
CM (3 times)
EM (3 times)
1992 [Antibacterial activity of rokitamycin against fresh clinical isolates].
55  luminol
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
CL (7 times)
LC (6 times)
LPO (4 times)
1989 In vivo indicator dilution kinetics of PAH transport in dog kidney.
56  lymphocytic myocarditis
(9 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
ARVC (1 time)
1999 Enteroviral genome in native hearts may influence outcome of patients who undergo cardiac transplantation.
57  lymphomatous meningitis
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PCNSL (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
NHL (3 times)
1993 Involved-field radiotherapy and intra-Ommaya methotrexate/cytarabine in patients with AIDS-related lymphomatous meningitis.
58  list-mode
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
MLEM (3 times)
PET (3 times)
2007 Two-dimensional vs three-dimensional imaging in whole body oncologic PET/CT: a Discovery-STE phantom and patient study.
59  lymphoid malignancies
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
NHL (3 times)
HL (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1996 Incidence and characteristics of lymphoid malignancies in untreated myelodysplastic syndromes.
60  language-matched
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
AM (5 times)
SLI (5 times)
CA (1 time)
1995 Morphological usage and awareness in children with and without specific language impairment.
61  lateromedial area
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FB (3 times)
FF (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1993 Visualization of dendritic morphology of cortical projection neurons by retrograde axonal tracing.
62  ligation-mediated
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
JNK (1 time)
LAM-PCR (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2000 Rearrangement of chromatin domains during development in Xenopus.
63  longissimus dorsi
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
IMF (3 times)
aa (1 time)
ATPase (1 time)
2009 Estimating intramuscular fat content and fatty acid composition in live and post-mortem samples in pigs.
64  low-methoxylated
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HM (5 times)
AM (2 times)
beta-LG (1 time)
1985 Effect of wheat bran and pectin on the absorption and retention of phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and zinc by the growing pig.
65  lupus myocarditis
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
SLE (6 times)
18F-FDG PET (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2012 A contemporary case series of lupus myocarditis.
66  N-lauryl-beta-D-maltopyranoside
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
MM (5 times)
FDs (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
1995 Molecular weight-dependent lymphatic transfer of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextrans after intrapulmonary administration and effects of various absorption enhancers on the lymphatic transfer of drugs in rats.
67  L-menthol
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
S-L (2 times)
BLM (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
1999 The posterior nasal nerve plays an important role on cardiopulmonary reflexes to nasal application of capsaicin, distilled water and l-menthol in anesthetized dogs.
68  L-methionine
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ABT (1 time)
APD (1 time)
BR (1 time)
1985 Response of broilers to DL-methionine hydroxy analog free acid, DL-methionine, and L-methionine.
69  lactose maldigestion
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IBS (3 times)
FM (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1992 Is cow's milk suitable for the dietary supplementation of rural Gambian children? 1. Prevalence of lactose maldigestion.
70  lactulose mannitol
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
IP (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
1996 Increased intestinal permeability during cytomegalovirus infection in renal transplant recipients.
71  laryngeal mask airway
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CRF (1 time)
HT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1993 [Effects of laryngeal mask airway on circulation and on incidence of postoperative sore throat and hoarseness].
72  lauryl maltoside
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CcO (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1987 Detergent-assisted refolding of guanidinium chloride-denatured rhodanese. The effects of the concentration and type of detergent.
73  leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
ALK (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
2003 Durable remission of leptomeningeal metastasis of breast cancer with letrozole: a case report and implications of biomarkers on treatment selection.
74  leukotriene modifiers
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ICS (5 times)
AR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the utilization patterns of leukotriene modifiers in a large managed care health plan.
75  limonene
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
2DG (1 time)
AMG (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2008 Impact of model perfumes on surfactant and mixed surfactant self-assembly.
76  linemen
(6 times)
Physical Education and Training
(5 times)
BSP (2 times)
NFL (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2008 The National Football League Combine: performance differences between drafted and nondrafted players entering the 2004 and 2005 drafts.
77  lipid metabolism
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CWPs (1 time)
1988 [Function of the microcirculatory system during the long-term regression of the early stages of atherogenesis].
78  liquid marble
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
COCs (1 time)
CTRL group (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
2015 Liquid marbles for high-throughput biological screening of anchorage-dependent cells.
79  liquid membrane
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
SLM (3 times)
DP (2 times)
MC (2 times)
2006 Recovery of phenol from aqueous solution by supported liquid membrane using vegetable oils as liquid membrane.
80  low mobility
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
HM (6 times)
EPM (4 times)
LN (2 times)
1977 Electrokinetic properties and mitogen responsiveness of mouse splenic B and T lymphocytes following hydrocortisone treatment.
81  low molecular weight
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Cd-MT (1 time)
Cryg (1 time)
Elo (1 time)
1985 Electrophoretic variation in low molecular weight lens crystallins from inbred strains of rats.
82  lumefantrine
(6 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
PQ (4 times)
CQ (3 times)
ACT (1 time)
2009 Plasmodium berghei ANKA: selection of resistance to piperaquine and lumefantrine in a mouse model.
83  Laboratory Medicine
(5 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
EFLM (2 times)
EQA (1 time)
EU (1 time)
2007 Assessing resident competency in laboratory medicine.
84  lactate minimum test
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ALD (1 time)
CS (1 time)
Futsal_circuit (1 time)
2012 Feed restriction and a diet's caloric value: The influence on the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of rats.
85  language model
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
ATC (1 time)
2004 Text generation from Taiwanese Sign Language using a PST-based language model for augmentative communication.
86  lateral malleolus
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2004 Hybrid external fixation of distal tibial fractures: new strategy to place pins and wires without penetrating the anterior compartment.
87  lateral mammillary nucleus
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
5-HT1AR (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1989 Descending projections to the mammillary nuclei in the rat, as studied by retrograde and anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase.
88  lateral margins
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EGC (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Lateral masking: limitations of the feature interaction account.
89  lean management
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EDOC (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of manual physical therapy to the cervical spine in the management of lateral epicondylalgia: a retrospective analysis.
90  learning and memory
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
APE (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1997 A 'Neural Sampling Theory (NST)' of learning and memory mechanisms.
91  lemniscus
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
EPSPs (1 time)
n. INP (1 time)
1977 [Responses of neurons of the posterior ventral and ventrolateral thalamic nuclei to stimulation of the reticular nucleus of the thalamus].
92  loose matrix
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
LRNC (4 times)
CA (3 times)
IPH (3 times)
2012 Segmentation of carotid plaque using multicontrast 3D gradient echo MRI.
93  Lupus mastitis
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SLE (3 times)
DLE (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2009 Lupus mastitis: a clinicopathologic review and addition of a case.
94  Lyme meningitis
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
AM (3 times)
CSF (3 times)
LB (1 time)
1999 Characterization of Lyme meningitis and comparison with viral meningitis in children.
95  lymphatic
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AVM (2 times)
COS (1 time)
GSIs (1 time)
2011 Venous malformation associated nerve profiles and pain: an immunohistochemical study.
96  Langmuir monolayers
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DNP (1 time)
FLIM (1 time)
LB (1 time)
2002 Folding Langmuir monolayers.
97  larva migrans
(4 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1996 Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans in a puppy: a case report and update for the veterinarian.
98  laser myringotomy
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
VT (4 times)
OME (3 times)
MEE (2 times)
2001 Laser myringotomy in different age groups.
99  late miscarriage
(4 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
BV (2 times)
PTB (2 times)
17-OHP (1 time)
2009 Predictive value for preterm birth of abnormal vaginal flora, bacterial vaginosis and aerobic vaginitis during the first trimester of pregnancy.
100  late-maturing
(4 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
EM (3 times)
BMC (1 time)
fE (1 time)
1992 Response of early- and late-maturing commercial Leghorn pullets to low levels of dietary phosphorus.