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Abbreviation: LN
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Long forms: 329

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lymph node
(3690 times)
Neoplasms
(1138 times)
OS (259 times)
PTC (135 times)
CT (128 times)
1975 Tumor-secific immunity to chemically induced tumors. Evidence for immunologic specificity and shared antigenicity in lymphocyte responses to soluble tumor antigens.
lupus nephritis
(1389 times)
Rheumatology
(401 times)
SLE (557 times)
MMF (92 times)
SLEDAI (66 times)
1980 The effects of azathioprine and prednisolone on T- and B-lymphocytes in patients with lupus nephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis.
laminin
(633 times)
Cell Biology
(79 times)
FN (225 times)
HA (183 times)
ECM (136 times)
1983 Neural crest cell migration: requirements for exogenous fibronectin and high cell density.
liquid nitrogen
(109 times)
Biology
(45 times)
PVS2 (9 times)
CPA (4 times)
LS (4 times)
1975 Retention of albino and brown phenotypes of Histoplasma capsulatum by liquid nitrogren refrigeration.
lingual nerve
(73 times)
Dentistry
(31 times)
IAN (33 times)
CT (5 times)
MN (5 times)
1983 Reflex responses of single salivatory neurons to stimulation of trigeminal sensory branches in the cat.
lobular neoplasia
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
ADH (19 times)
DCIS (18 times)
LCIS (18 times)
1991 Lobular neoplasia of the breast: higher risk for subsequent invasive cancer predicted by more extensive disease.
laparoscopic nephrectomy
(49 times)
Urology
(26 times)
ON (10 times)
HA (4 times)
ADPKD (3 times)
1998 Role of CT angiography in the preoperative evaluation for laparoscopic nephrectomy.
lithium niobate
(46 times)
Optics and Photonics
(29 times)
PDMS (3 times)
SAW (3 times)
APE (2 times)
1999 Propagation characteristics of longitudinal leaky SAW in Al-grating structure.
low nitrogen
(35 times)
Botany
(16 times)
HN (12 times)
NN (3 times)
NUE (3 times)
1999 Induction of L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and suppression of veratryl alcohol biosynthesis by exogenously added L-phenylalanine in a white-rot fungus phanerochaete chrysosporium
10  lean
(34 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
OB (25 times)
BMI (3 times)
OWO (3 times)
1990 Reduced postprandial skeletal muscle blood flow contributes to glucose intolerance in human obesity.
11  lead nitrate
(23 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
PH (5 times)
NDEA (4 times)
CYP7A1 (2 times)
1992 Stimulation of DNA synthesis by rat plasma following in vivo treatment with three liver mitogens.
12  lenticular nucleus
(22 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
TCS (8 times)
SN (7 times)
PSP (3 times)
1995 Parkinsonian rigidity, dopa-induced dyskinesia and chorea--dynamic studies on the basal ganglia-thalamocortical motor circuit using PET scan and depth microrecording.
13  levonorgestrel
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EE (9 times)
NET (4 times)
DG (3 times)
1979 Effect of cyproterone acetate, levonorgestrel and progesterone on adrenal glands and reproductive organs in the beagle bitch.
14  Lewy neurites
(19 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LB (15 times)
PD (14 times)
DLB (3 times)
1999 Silver staining method for demonstrating Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease and argyrophilic oligodendrocytes in multiple system atrophy.
15  lipid nanoparticles
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
CsA (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
HPH (2 times)
2004 A folate receptor-targeted lipid nanoparticle formulation for a lipophilic paclitaxel prodrug.
16  log-normal
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
GG (5 times)
EW (2 times)
FSO (2 times)
1998 Prediction of permeability-surface area product data by continuous-distribution pore models.
17  lentiform nucleus
(17 times)
Brain
(5 times)
MRI (4 times)
TCS (4 times)
FWM (3 times)
2002 Comparison between echo contrast agent-specific imaging modes and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of brain perfusion.
18  linear-nonlinear
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CNNs (1 time)
EIF (1 time)
ePPR (1 time)
1993 Structural testing of multi-input linear-nonlinear cascade models for cells in macaque striate cortex.
19  late negativity
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MMN (6 times)
ERP (5 times)
ERPs (5 times)
1980 A comparative study of the pharmacological properties of the positive potential recorded from the superior cervical ganglia of several species.
20  Lesch-Nyhan
(16 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HPRT (8 times)
PBLs (3 times)
PHA (3 times)
1979 Enumeration of 6-thioguanine-resistant peripheral blood lymphocytes in man as a potential test for somatic cell mutations arising in vivo.
21  Lyon normotensive
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
LH (15 times)
LL (5 times)
BP (2 times)
1985 Rate of tryptophan hydroxylation in vivo in brain nuclei of genetically hypertensive rats of the Lyon strain.
22  low N
(15 times)
Botany
(6 times)
HN (8 times)
MN (2 times)
NUE (2 times)
1991 Energy and protected protein supplements to lambs on endophyte-infected tall fescue pasture.
23  lipoid nephrosis
(14 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
CGN (6 times)
NS (6 times)
CMI (4 times)
1980 Alteration of T-lymphocyte subpopulations in patients with primary renal diseases and systemic lupus erythematosus.
24  lymph node metastasis
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BA (2 times)
CGH (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1996 Contribution of cervical ultrasound and ultrasound fine-needle aspiration biopsy to the staging of thoracic oesophageal carcinoma.
25  lateral nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CN (3 times)
IC (3 times)
BPN (2 times)
1976 Electrophysiological properties of nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis cells: antidromic and synaptic activation.
26  Lichen nitidus
(12 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
LP (4 times)
NB-UVB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1986 Ultrastructural observations in lichen nitidus.
27  latent nystagmus
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
MLN (3 times)
N-T (2 times)
NOT (2 times)
1979 Latent, manifest latent, and congenital nystagmus.
28  L-NAME
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
LA (5 times)
NO (4 times)
NAC (2 times)
1996 Effect of spinal infusion of L-NAME, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, on spinal tolerance and dependence induced by chronic intrathecal morphine in the rat.
29  laser nephelometry
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
RID (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
SRID (2 times)
1979 Quantitative estimation of IgE and IgD by laser nephelometry.
30  laminin-1
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
SG (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
BM (1 time)
2001 The disintegrin kistrin inhibits neurite extension from spiral ganglion explants cultured on laminin.
31  Lipomatosis of nerve
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
MRI (1 time)
2013 Fibroproliferative neuromas may occur after iatrogenic injury for lipomatosis of nerve.
32  long-lasting insecticidal nets
(9 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
PPF (2 times)
VL (2 times)
CTN (1 time)
2008 The effect of long-lasting insecticidal water container covers on field populations of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes in Cambodia.
33  lupus nephropathy
(8 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
SLE (2 times)
aPL (1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
1988 Serial assessment of glomerular filtration rate in lupus nephropathy.
34  L-leucine-p-nitroanilide
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BCN (7 times)
cGMP (1 time)
db (1 time)
1982 pH dependent inhibition of serum oxytocinase activity by prostaglandins and cyclic GMP.
35  laminin N-terminal
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LE (3 times)
BL (1 time)
dy (1 time)
2002 Complete sequence, recombinant analysis and binding to laminins and sulphated ligands of the N-terminal domains of laminin alpha3B and alpha5 chains.
36  lymphoid nodules
(7 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AL (1 time)
B-ML (1 time)
1985 Lymphoid nodules and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in bone marrow biopsies.
37  alpha-linolenic acid
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CLA (2 times)
CLN (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2005 Alpha-linolenic acid but not conjugated linolenic acid is hypocholesterolaemic in hamsters.
38  language-normal
(6 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
LI (3 times)
PI (2 times)
LD (1 time)
1989 Dimensional thinking in language impaired children.
39  lymph node status
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
LVI (2 times)
MG (2 times)
2cDI (1 time)
1987 Predictors of recurrence and survival of patients with breast cancer.
40  lymphoid neogenesis
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RA (3 times)
CCL20 (2 times)
PNAd (2 times)
2007 Ectopic lymphoid neogenesis in psoriatic arthritis.
41  lymphoid neoplasm
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HL (3 times)
CLL (2 times)
WHO (2 times)
1996 Cytogenetic findings in 175 patients indicate that items of the Kiel classification should not be disregarded in the REAL classification of lymphoid neoplasms.
42  Laguna Negra
(5 times)
Virology
(3 times)
HPS (5 times)
AND (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
1997 Laguna Negra virus associated with HPS in western Paraguay and Bolivia.
43  lateral neurons
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Clk (2 times)
bp (1 time)
CLK-CYC (1 time)
2003 Central and peripheral circadian oscillators in Drosophila.
44  Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
HPRT (3 times)
PGD (2 times)
HRT (1 time)
1984 Molecular evidence for new mutation at the hprt locus in Lesch-Nyhan patients.
45  linear
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1986 Evaluation of mathematic models to assess platelet kinetics.
46  lymphadenopathy
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
COLN (1 time)
1993 Cytokine profile in systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and other rheumatic diseases.
47  language network
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FC (3 times)
DAN (2 times)
DMN (2 times)
2018 Presurgical localization and spatial shift of resting state networks in patients with brain metastases.
48  limited nesting
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ELS (3 times)
EPM (1 time)
GR (1 time)
1981 Estrus and fertility in lactating sows and piglet performance as influenced by limited nursing.
49  lingual
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IAN (5 times)
CT (1 time)
CT-response (1 time)
1993 Dual afferent pathways of vasodilator reflex induced by lingual stimulation in the cat.
50  lipid nanospheres
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BCNU (1 time)
DSPE-PEG (1 time)
ETP (1 time)
1993 Enhanced antitumor activity and reduced toxicity of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea administered in lipid microspheres to tumor-bearing mice.
51  low-nitrate
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
HN (4 times)
DEGs (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1981 Nitrate Accumulation, Assimilation, and Transport by Decapitated Corn Roots : EFFECTS OF PRIOR NITRATE NUTRITION.
52  lymph node cells
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DARR (1 time)
GF (1 time)
GF-AF (1 time)
1987 Detection of ecto-5'-nucleotidase on rat B and T lymphocyte subpopulations using a monoclonal antibody in rosetting reactions.
53  lymph node involvement
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
1998 Clinical implications of cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases, RB and E2F1 in squamous-cell lung carcinoma.
54  lactation number
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CLM (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Conception of Jersey cattle in Turkey.
55  laminin protein
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
AGTR1 (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
2015 Endogenous hydrogen sulfide is associated with angiotensin II type 1 receptor in a rat model of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis.
56  language
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AAE (1 time)
CLPT (1 time)
LD (1 time)
1993 Conversations with children who are language impaired: asking questions.
57  lanthanum nitrate
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
Vg (1 time)
1977 Extracellular matrix synthesis in blastula and gastrula stages of normal and hybrid frog embryos. I. Toluidine blue and lanthanum staining.
58  laparoscopic Nissen
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GERD (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2004 [Esophageal digital videofluorography with water siphon test in the post-operative evaluation of the anti-reflux laparoscopic surgery].
59  laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
GERD (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
LGB (1 time)
1995 Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is less expensive than open Belsey Mark IV.
60  laryngeal nerve
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1997 Aberrant branch of the superior laryngeal nerve passing through the thyroid foramen: a macroscopical study.
61  leaf number
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
TLA (2 times)
GE (1 time)
ILA (1 time)
1998 Effects of current-year and previous-year PPFDs on shoot gross morphology and leaf properties in Fagus japonica.
62  lean controls
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CLA (1 time)
HF (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2009 Pomegranate seed oil consumption during a period of high-fat feeding reduces weight gain and reduces type 2 diabetes risk in CD-1 mice.
63  lectin neuraminidase
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
NA (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
1983 Simple detection of mumps virus neuraminidase and anti-neuraminidase with the lectin neuraminidase test.
64  left neglect
(3 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
LAT (2 times)
CAV (1 time)
LHH (1 time)
2013 Visual Scanning Training, Limb Activation Treatment, and Prism Adaptation for Rehabilitating Left Neglect: Who is the Winner?
65  leonurine
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AGEs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2015 Inhibitory effect of leonurine on the formation of advanced glycation end products.
66  Liaison Nurse
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
APN (1 time)
FTE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Introduction of a liaison nurse role in a tertiary paediatric ICU.
67  linarin
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2004 Sedative and sleep-enhancing properties of linarin, a flavonoid-isolated from Valeriana officinalis.
68  linolenic acid
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ae (1 time)
c9,t11,t13-CLN (1 time)
2006 The inhibitory effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids on human CYP enzymes.
69  liposomal nanoparticles
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Chol (1 time)
DHSM (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2007 Encapsulation in liposomal nanoparticles enhances the immunostimulatory, adjuvant and anti-tumor activity of subcutaneously administered CpG ODN.
70  lobular in situ neoplasia
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
ALH (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
2006 Genetic similarities and differences between lobular in situ neoplasia (LN) and invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast.
71  low-dose nicotine
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
HN (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
1994 Exposure to threshold doses of nicotine in utero: II. Neuroendocrine response to nicotine in adult male offspring.
72  low-noise
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
HN (2 times)
AM (1 time)
IN (1 time)
1997 Comparison of signal-averaged electrocardiograms with different levels of noise: time-domain, frequency-domain, and spectrotemporal analysis.
73  luminal narrowing
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1991 [Ultrastructure of glioma vessel--morphometric study for proliferative potential of endothelial cell].
74  lupus glomerulonephritis
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CIC (1 time)
GN (1 time)
MN (1 time)
1991 Analysis of IgG immune complexes in sera from patients with membranous nephropathy: role of IgG4 subclass and low-avidity antibodies.
75  Luria-Nebraska
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CEI (2 times)
DPD (2 times)
INT (2 times)
1993 Tardive dyskinesia and associated cognitive disorders: a convergent neuropsychological and neurophysiological approach.
76  Lymph nodal
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ASL-NA3 (1 time)
CCSP (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2014 The Accuracy of Integrated [(18)F] Fluorodeoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Detection of Pelvic and Para-aortic Nodal Metastasis in Patients with High Risk Endometrial Cancer.
77  lymph node biopsies
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
B-CLL (2 times)
B-NHL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1986 Expression of the T1 (CD5, p67) surface antigen in B-CLL and B-NHL and its correlation with other B-cell differentiation markers.
78  lymphadenectomy
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
EC (1 time)
LASS (1 time)
2003 Laparoscopic surgery in women with endometrial cancer: the learning curve.
79  lymphatic nodes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1998 The single cell gel electrophoresis: a potential tool for DNA analysis of the patients with hematological malignancies.
80  anti-laminin
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ABP/DABA (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PLN (1 time)
1991 Lymphocyte traffic is modified in vivo by anti-laminin antibody.
81  lacrimal nerve
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FN (1 time)
ITN (1 time)
SON (1 time)
2014 Patterns of innervation of the lacrimal gland with clinical application.
82  laminar necrosis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MCP (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2009 Acute and chronic placental membrane hypoxic lesions.
83  laminectomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LP (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
NDI (1 time)
2017 Which Technique Is Better Option for C3 Segment in Multilevel Open-Door Laminoplasty of the Cervical Spine?: Laminectomy Versus Laminoplasty.
84  laminin amino-terminal
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
LAMB2 (1 time)
2011 Determinants of laminin polymerization revealed by the structure of the alpha5 chain amino-terminal region.
85  Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy
(2 times)
Female Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
NSS (1 time)
2008 Early graft function in kidney transplantation: comparison between laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and open donor nephrectomy.
86  laparoscopic nephroureterectomy
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
HALN (1 time)
RAN (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma.
87  laparoscopic novices
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LE (2 times)
2010 A comparison of laparoscopic and robotic assisted suturing performance by experts and novices.
88  large nodules
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FNAB (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2006 Thyroid nodule shape suggests malignancy.
89  large NOR
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
SN (2 times)
NORs (1 time)
TN (1 time)
1990 AgNOR distribution in serous tumours of the ovary.
90  Late Neolithic
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
EBA (1 time)
EN (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2014 Skeletal growth in early and late Neolithic foragers from the Cis-Baikal region of Eastern Siberia.
91  leaf nitrogen content
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
C/B (1 time)
GPP (1 time)
NEP (1 time)
1986 Altitudinal variation in stomatal conductance, nitrogen content and leaf anatomy in different plant life forms in New Zealand.
92  leaving needle
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
EAP (1 time)
LFEA (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
1986 Comparison of the effects of leaving needle, direct current electrical acupuncture, and low-frequency electrical acupuncture therapy.
93  left nostril
(2 times)
Immune System Phenomena
(1 time)
PVDF (2 times)
RN (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2013 Piezoelectric sensing: Evaluation for clinical investigation of deviated nasal septum.
94  leprosy neuropathy
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HIV (2 times)
ARMS-PCR (1 time)
HIV-PN (1 time)
2015 Association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon gamma gene polymorphisms and their plasma levels in leprosy, HIV and other peripheral neuropathies.
95  lesion
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1994 [Immunohistochemical studies on mycobacteria in tuberculous necrotizing granulomas].
96  letter-number
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LNS (1 time)
MoCA (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2008 The development of a Chinese equivalence version of letter-number span test.
97  LH and normotensive control
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1991 Blood pressure maintenance in hypertensive sympathectomized rats. II. Renin-angiotensin system and vasopressin.
98  life note
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RTW (1 time)
2018 Characteristics of self-reported daily life note (LN) users in return-to-work judgment for workers on sick leave due to mental health conditions, and usefulness of the tool.
99  limbic network
(2 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
DMN (2 times)
22q11DS (1 time)
ABIDE (1 time)
2016 Atypical functional connectivity in resting-state networks of individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: associations with neurocognitive and psychiatric functioning.
100  limitation
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AOX (1 time)
ATX-a (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2015 Role of the mitochondrial alternative oxidase pathway in hydrogen photoproduction in Chlorella protothecoides.