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Abbreviation: LN
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Long forms: 370

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lymph node
(4421 times)
Neoplasms
(1382 times)
OS (374 times)
CT (165 times)
PTC (162 times)
1975 Tumor-secific immunity to chemically induced tumors. Evidence for immunologic specificity and shared antigenicity in lymphocyte responses to soluble tumor antigens.
lupus nephritis
(1752 times)
Rheumatology
(511 times)
SLE (698 times)
MMF (108 times)
ESRD (83 times)
1980 The effects of azathioprine and prednisolone on T- and B-lymphocytes in patients with lupus nephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis.
laminin
(678 times)
Cell Biology
(83 times)
FN (231 times)
HA (202 times)
ECM (142 times)
1983 Neural crest cell migration: requirements for exogenous fibronectin and high cell density.
liquid nitrogen
(132 times)
Biology
(55 times)
PVS2 (10 times)
DMSO (5 times)
CPA (4 times)
1975 Retention of albino and brown phenotypes of Histoplasma capsulatum by liquid nitrogren refrigeration.
lithium niobate
(83 times)
Ophthalmology
(46 times)
SAW (7 times)
LNOI (4 times)
PDMS (3 times)
1999 Propagation characteristics of longitudinal leaky SAW in Al-grating structure.
lingual nerve
(82 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
IAN (36 times)
MN (6 times)
CT (5 times)
1983 Reflex responses of single salivatory neurons to stimulation of trigeminal sensory branches in the cat.
lobular neoplasia
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
ADH (21 times)
LCIS (21 times)
DCIS (20 times)
1991 Lobular neoplasia of the breast: higher risk for subsequent invasive cancer predicted by more extensive disease.
laparoscopic nephrectomy
(54 times)
Urology
(27 times)
ON (10 times)
HA (4 times)
ADPKD (3 times)
1998 Role of CT angiography in the preoperative evaluation for laparoscopic nephrectomy.
low nitrogen
(48 times)
Botany
(20 times)
HN (18 times)
NUE (5 times)
NN (3 times)
1999 Induction of L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and suppression of veratryl alcohol biosynthesis by exogenously added L-phenylalanine in a white-rot fungus phanerochaete chrysosporium
10  lean
(36 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
OB (26 times)
BMI (4 times)
OWO (3 times)
1990 Reduced postprandial skeletal muscle blood flow contributes to glucose intolerance in human obesity.
11  lenticular nucleus
(26 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
TCS (10 times)
SN (9 times)
WD (5 times)
1995 Parkinsonian rigidity, dopa-induced dyskinesia and chorea--dynamic studies on the basal ganglia-thalamocortical motor circuit using PET scan and depth microrecording.
12  lead nitrate
(23 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
PH (5 times)
NDEA (4 times)
CYP7A1 (2 times)
1992 Stimulation of DNA synthesis by rat plasma following in vivo treatment with three liver mitogens.
13  levonorgestrel
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
EE (10 times)
NET (4 times)
DG (3 times)
1979 Effect of cyproterone acetate, levonorgestrel and progesterone on adrenal glands and reproductive organs in the beagle bitch.
14  low N
(21 times)
Botany
(10 times)
HN (12 times)
MN (4 times)
DEGs (3 times)
1991 Energy and protected protein supplements to lambs on endophyte-infected tall fescue pasture.
15  lentiform nucleus
(20 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
TCS (6 times)
SN (5 times)
MRI (4 times)
2002 Comparison between echo contrast agent-specific imaging modes and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of brain perfusion.
16  Lewy neurites
(20 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LB (16 times)
PD (15 times)
DLB (3 times)
1999 Silver staining method for demonstrating Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease and argyrophilic oligodendrocytes in multiple system atrophy.
17  lognormal
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
GG (5 times)
FSO (3 times)
BER (2 times)
1998 Prediction of permeability-surface area product data by continuous-distribution pore models.
18  linear-nonlinear
(18 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
STA (2 times)
CNN (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
1993 Structural testing of multi-input linear-nonlinear cascade models for cells in macaque striate cortex.
19  lipid nanoparticles
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
CsA (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
HPH (2 times)
2004 A folate receptor-targeted lipid nanoparticle formulation for a lipophilic paclitaxel prodrug.
20  late negativity
(17 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MMN (6 times)
ERP (5 times)
ERPs (5 times)
1980 A comparative study of the pharmacological properties of the positive potential recorded from the superior cervical ganglia of several species.
21  Lesch-Nyhan
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HPRT (8 times)
PBLs (3 times)
PHA (3 times)
1979 Enumeration of 6-thioguanine-resistant peripheral blood lymphocytes in man as a potential test for somatic cell mutations arising in vivo.
22  Lipomatosis of nerve
(17 times)
Neurosurgery
(13 times)
MRI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2013 Fibroproliferative neuromas may occur after iatrogenic injury for lipomatosis of nerve.
23  lymph node metastasis
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
BA (2 times)
CGH (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1996 Contribution of cervical ultrasound and ultrasound fine-needle aspiration biopsy to the staging of thoracic oesophageal carcinoma.
24  Lyon normotensive
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
LH (15 times)
LL (5 times)
BP (2 times)
1985 Rate of tryptophan hydroxylation in vivo in brain nuclei of genetically hypertensive rats of the Lyon strain.
25  Lichen nitidus
(14 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
LP (4 times)
NB-UVB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1986 Ultrastructural observations in lichen nitidus.
26  lipoid nephrosis
(14 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
CGN (6 times)
NS (6 times)
CMI (4 times)
1980 Alteration of T-lymphocyte subpopulations in patients with primary renal diseases and systemic lupus erythematosus.
27  lateral nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CN (3 times)
IC (3 times)
BPN (2 times)
1976 Electrophysiological properties of nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis cells: antidromic and synaptic activation.
28  latent nystagmus
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
MLN (3 times)
N-T (2 times)
NOT (2 times)
1979 Latent, manifest latent, and congenital nystagmus.
29  L-NAME
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
LA (5 times)
NO (4 times)
NAC (2 times)
1996 Effect of spinal infusion of L-NAME, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, on spinal tolerance and dependence induced by chronic intrathecal morphine in the rat.
30  laser nephelometry
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
RID (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
SRID (2 times)
1979 Quantitative estimation of IgE and IgD by laser nephelometry.
31  long-lasting insecticidal nets
(10 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
PPF (2 times)
VL (2 times)
CTN (1 time)
2008 The effect of long-lasting insecticidal water container covers on field populations of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes in Cambodia.
32  lupus nephropathy
(10 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
SLE (3 times)
aPL (1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
1988 Serial assessment of glomerular filtration rate in lupus nephropathy.
33  laminin-1
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
SG (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
BM (1 time)
2001 The disintegrin kistrin inhibits neurite extension from spiral ganglion explants cultured on laminin.
34  laminin N-terminal
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LE (3 times)
BL (1 time)
dy (1 time)
2002 Complete sequence, recombinant analysis and binding to laminins and sulphated ligands of the N-terminal domains of laminin alpha3B and alpha5 chains.
35  L-leucine-p-nitroanilide
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BCN (7 times)
cGMP (1 time)
db (1 time)
1982 pH dependent inhibition of serum oxytocinase activity by prostaglandins and cyclic GMP.
36  language network
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FC (5 times)
DMN (3 times)
DAN (2 times)
2018 Mapping the Neural Dynamics of Korean-English Bilinguals With Medium Proficiency During Auditory Word Processing.
37  lymphoid neoplasms
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HL (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1996 Cytogenetic findings in 175 patients indicate that items of the Kiel classification should not be disregarded in the REAL classification of lymphoid neoplasms.
38  lymphoid nodules
(7 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AL (1 time)
B-ML (1 time)
1985 Lymphoid nodules and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in bone marrow biopsies.
39  alpha-linolenic acid
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CLA (2 times)
CLN (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2005 Alpha-linolenic acid but not conjugated linolenic acid is hypocholesterolaemic in hamsters.
40  Laguna Negra
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
HPS (5 times)
AN (1 time)
AND (1 time)
1997 Laguna Negra virus associated with HPS in western Paraguay and Bolivia.
41  language-normal
(6 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
LI (3 times)
PI (2 times)
LD (1 time)
1989 Dimensional thinking in language impaired children.
42  lymph node status
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
LVI (2 times)
MG (2 times)
2cDI (1 time)
1987 Predictors of recurrence and survival of patients with breast cancer.
43  lymphoid neogenesis
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RA (3 times)
CCL20 (2 times)
PNAd (2 times)
2007 Ectopic lymphoid neogenesis in psoriatic arthritis.
44  language
(5 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AAE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CLPT (1 time)
1993 Conversations with children who are language impaired: asking questions.
45  lateral neurons
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CLK (2 times)
bp (1 time)
CLK-CYC (1 time)
2003 Central and peripheral circadian oscillators in Drosophila.
46  leaf nitrogen content
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SLA (3 times)
C/B (1 time)
GPP (1 time)
1986 Altitudinal variation in stomatal conductance, nitrogen content and leaf anatomy in different plant life forms in New Zealand.
47  Leaf number
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
RL (2 times)
SL (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1998 Effects of current-year and previous-year PPFDs on shoot gross morphology and leaf properties in Fagus japonica.
48  Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
HPRT (3 times)
PGD (2 times)
HRT (1 time)
1984 Molecular evidence for new mutation at the hprt locus in Lesch-Nyhan patients.
49  lignin
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AMF (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2017 Immobilization of metals in contaminated soils using natural polymer-based stabilizers.
50  limbic network
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DMN (4 times)
DAN (3 times)
FPN (3 times)
2016 Atypical functional connectivity in resting-state networks of individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: associations with neurocognitive and psychiatric functioning.
51  linear
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1986 Evaluation of mathematic models to assess platelet kinetics.
52  lingual
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IAN (5 times)
MN (2 times)
BMS (1 time)
1993 Dual afferent pathways of vasodilator reflex induced by lingual stimulation in the cat.
53  low nitrate
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
HN (4 times)
DEGs (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1981 Nitrate Accumulation, Assimilation, and Transport by Decapitated Corn Roots : EFFECTS OF PRIOR NITRATE NUTRITION.
54  lymphadenopathy
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
COLN (1 time)
1993 Cytokine profile in systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and other rheumatic diseases.
55  lactation number
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MY (2 times)
CLM (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
2009 Conception of Jersey cattle in Turkey.
56  limited nesting
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ELS (3 times)
EPM (1 time)
GR (1 time)
1981 Estrus and fertility in lactating sows and piglet performance as influenced by limited nursing.
57  lipid nanospheres
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BCNU (1 time)
DSPE-PEG (1 time)
ETP (1 time)
1993 Enhanced antitumor activity and reduced toxicity of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea administered in lipid microspheres to tumor-bearing mice.
58  liquid nanofoam
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
MD (1 time)
2017 Adaptive liquid flow behavior in 3D nanopores.
59  Lymph nodal
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NPV (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
ASL-NA3 (1 time)
2014 The Accuracy of Integrated [(18)F] Fluorodeoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Detection of Pelvic and Para-aortic Nodal Metastasis in Patients with High Risk Endometrial Cancer.
60  lymph node cells
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DARR (1 time)
GF (1 time)
GF-AF (1 time)
1987 Detection of ecto-5'-nucleotidase on rat B and T lymphocyte subpopulations using a monoclonal antibody in rosetting reactions.
61  lymph node involvement
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
1998 Clinical implications of cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases, RB and E2F1 in squamous-cell lung carcinoma.
62  laminectomy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LP (3 times)
NDI (2 times)
ROM (2 times)
2017 Which Technique Is Better Option for C3 Segment in Multilevel Open-Door Laminoplasty of the Cervical Spine?: Laminectomy Versus Laminoplasty.
63  laminin protein
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
AGTR1 (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
2015 Endogenous hydrogen sulfide is associated with angiotensin II type 1 receptor in a rat model of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis.
64  lanthanum nitrate
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
Vg (1 time)
1977 Extracellular matrix synthesis in blastula and gastrula stages of normal and hybrid frog embryos. I. Toluidine blue and lanthanum staining.
65  laparoscopic Nissen
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GERD (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2004 [Esophageal digital videofluorography with water siphon test in the post-operative evaluation of the anti-reflux laparoscopic surgery].
66  laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
GERD (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
LGB (1 time)
1995 Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is less expensive than open Belsey Mark IV.
67  laparoscopic radical nephrectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
NSS (1 time)
2008 Early graft function in kidney transplantation: comparison between laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and open donor nephrectomy.
68  laryngeal nerve
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1997 Aberrant branch of the superior laryngeal nerve passing through the thyroid foramen: a macroscopical study.
69  lean controls
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CLA (1 time)
HF (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2009 Pomegranate seed oil consumption during a period of high-fat feeding reduces weight gain and reduces type 2 diabetes risk in CD-1 mice.
70  lectin neuraminidase
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
NA (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
1983 Simple detection of mumps virus neuraminidase and anti-neuraminidase with the lectin neuraminidase test.
71  left neglect
(3 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
LAT (2 times)
CAV (1 time)
LHH (1 time)
2013 Visual Scanning Training, Limb Activation Treatment, and Prism Adaptation for Rehabilitating Left Neglect: Who is the Winner?
72  left nostril
(3 times)
Head
(1 time)
PVDF (3 times)
RN (3 times)
VAS (2 times)
2013 Piezoelectric sensing: Evaluation for clinical investigation of deviated nasal septum.
73  leonurine
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AGEs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2015 Inhibitory effect of leonurine on the formation of advanced glycation end products.
74  lesion number
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
DLA (1 time)
2005 Genetic dissections of partial resistances to leaf and neck blast in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
75  lesions
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1994 [Immunohistochemical studies on mycobacteria in tuberculous necrotizing granulomas].
76  Liaison Nurse
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
APN (1 time)
FTE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Introduction of a liaison nurse role in a tertiary paediatric ICU.
77  linarin
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2004 Sedative and sleep-enhancing properties of linarin, a flavonoid-isolated from Valeriana officinalis.
78  linolenic acid
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AE (1 time)
c9,t11,t13-CLN (1 time)
2006 The inhibitory effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids on human CYP enzymes.
79  liposomal nanoparticles
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Chol (1 time)
DHSM (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2007 Encapsulation in liposomal nanoparticles enhances the immunostimulatory, adjuvant and anti-tumor activity of subcutaneously administered CpG ODN.
80  lobular in situ neoplasia
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
ALH (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
2006 Genetic similarities and differences between lobular in situ neoplasia (LN) and invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast.
81  low N input
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GG (3 times)
HN (3 times)
NN (3 times)
2018 Nitrogen Fertilization Elevated Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon and Nitrogen in Switchgrass and Gamagrass Croplands.
82  low-dose of nicotine
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
HN (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
1994 Exposure to threshold doses of nicotine in utero: II. Neuroendocrine response to nicotine in adult male offspring.
83  low-noise
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
HN (2 times)
AM (1 time)
IN (1 time)
1997 Comparison of signal-averaged electrocardiograms with different levels of noise: time-domain, frequency-domain, and spectrotemporal analysis.
84  luminal narrowing
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1991 [Ultrastructure of glioma vessel--morphometric study for proliferative potential of endothelial cell].
85  lupus glomerulonephritis
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CIC (1 time)
GN (1 time)
MN (1 time)
1991 Analysis of IgG immune complexes in sera from patients with membranous nephropathy: role of IgG4 subclass and low-avidity antibodies.
86  Luria-Nebraska
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CEI (2 times)
DPD (2 times)
INT (2 times)
1993 Tardive dyskinesia and associated cognitive disorders: a convergent neuropsychological and neurophysiological approach.
87  lymph node biopsies
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
B-CLL (2 times)
B-NHL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1986 Expression of the T1 (CD5, p67) surface antigen in B-CLL and B-NHL and its correlation with other B-cell differentiation markers.
88  lymph node enlargement
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AILD (1 time)
B-CLL (1 time)
B-MLUS (1 time)
1993 Expression of an adhesion molecule and homing in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: I. Application of the HEV-binding assay to a clinical series.
89  lymphadenectomy
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
EC (1 time)
LASS (1 time)
2003 Laparoscopic surgery in women with endometrial cancer: the learning curve.
90  lymphatic nodes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1998 The single cell gel electrophoresis: a potential tool for DNA analysis of the patients with hematological malignancies.
91  anti-laminin
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ABP/DABA (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PLN (1 time)
1991 Lymphocyte traffic is modified in vivo by anti-laminin antibody.
92  La Nina
(2 times)
EN (2 times)
CIR (1 time)
CLR (1 time)
2019 The salience of nonlinearities in the boreal winter response to ENSO: Arctic stratosphere and Europe.
93  lacrimal nerve
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FN (1 time)
ITN (1 time)
SON (1 time)
2014 Patterns of innervation of the lacrimal gland with clinical application.
94  laminar necrosis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MCP (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2009 Acute and chronic placental membrane hypoxic lesions.
95  laminin amino-terminal
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
LAMB2 (1 time)
2011 Determinants of laminin polymerization revealed by the structure of the alpha5 chain amino-terminal region.
96  laparoscopic nephroureterectomy
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
HALN (1 time)
RAN (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2006 Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma.
97  laparoscopic novices
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LE (2 times)
2010 A comparison of laparoscopic and robotic assisted suturing performance by experts and novices.
98  large nodules
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FNAB (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2006 Thyroid nodule shape suggests malignancy.
99  large NOR
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
SN (2 times)
NORs (1 time)
TN (1 time)
1990 AgNOR distribution in serous tumours of the ovary.
100  large normal
(2 times)
Cerebellum
(1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SCAs (1 time)
2007 Molecular analysis of CAG repeats at five different spinocerebellar ataxia loci: correlation and alternative explanations for disease pathogenesis.