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Abbreviation: LS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lumbar spine
(872 times)
Metabolism
(311 times)
BMD (659 times)
FN (509 times)
DXA (149 times)
1984 On the pathogenesis of spondylosis deformans and arthrosis uncovertebralis: comparative form-analytical radiological and statistical studies on lumbar and cervical vertebral bodies.
Lynch syndrome
(563 times)
Neoplasms
(208 times)
MMR (221 times)
CRC (195 times)
MSI (88 times)
1993 Congenital genetic instability in colorectal carcinomas.
least squares
(523 times)
Endocrinology
(62 times)
CI (55 times)
AEs (24 times)
FPG (17 times)
1975 Functional imaging of intrarenal blood flow using scintillation camera and computer.
lichen sclerosus
(358 times)
Dermatology
(129 times)
SCC (44 times)
VIN (25 times)
HPV (23 times)
1978 An assessment of vulval lichen sclerosus.
liver stiffness
(336 times)
Gastroenterology
(129 times)
TE (74 times)
HCC (40 times)
CI (35 times)
2006 Usefulness of noninvasive transient elastography for assessment of liver fibrosis stage in chronic hepatitis C.
laparoscopic splenectomy
(272 times)
General Surgery
(199 times)
ITP (80 times)
OS (58 times)
HALS (15 times)
1979 [Diagnostic and therapeutic importance of splenectomy in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma].
lateral septum
(246 times)
Neurology
(104 times)
BNST (21 times)
PVN (20 times)
MeA (16 times)
1975 Studies on extrahypophyseal sites of estrogen action in the induction of ovulation in rats.
longitudinal strain
(206 times)
Cardiology
(98 times)
LV (91 times)
CS (54 times)
RS (29 times)
1997 Influence of IN-1 antibody and acidic FGF-fibrin glue on the response of injured corticospinal tract axons to human Schwann cell grafts.
low-spin
(206 times)
Chemistry
(169 times)
HS (186 times)
SCO (45 times)
DFT (13 times)
1982 Dynamics of the spin transition in camphor-bound ferric cytochrome P-450 versus temperature, pressure and viscosity.
10  long-sleep
(177 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(85 times)
SS (170 times)
RI (12 times)
GABA (8 times)
1976 Salsolinol differentially affects mice selected for sensitivity to alcohol.
11  Leigh syndrome
(158 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
mtDNA (26 times)
COX (24 times)
MELAS (12 times)
1984 Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Leriche's syndrome, inguinal herniation, and smoking.
12  laparoscopic surgery
(132 times)
General Surgery
(81 times)
OS (61 times)
RS (15 times)
RCTs (7 times)
1990 [Value and advantages of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancies].
13  life satisfaction
(127 times)
Geriatrics
(23 times)
PA (12 times)
QOL (12 times)
SWB (11 times)
1984 Finnish twins reared apart. III: Personality factors.
14  low-salt
(107 times)
Physiology
(48 times)
HS (83 times)
NO (18 times)
NS (16 times)
1982 Effects of salt intake and renal denervation on catecholamine catabolism and excretion.
15  light scattering
(94 times)
Biochemistry
(19 times)
SEC (14 times)
RI (9 times)
CD (7 times)
1978 Separation of rabbit marrow precursor cells by combined isopycnic sedimentation and electronic cell sorting.
16  lumbosacral
(93 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
TL (19 times)
CRD (9 times)
CT (8 times)
1977 Equine cerebrospinal fluid: reference values of normal horses.
17  lymphoscintigraphy
(81 times)
Neoplasms
(32 times)
SLN (17 times)
SLNB (12 times)
SN (12 times)
1988 Superficial and deep lymphoscintigraphic findings before and after femoro popliteal bypass.
18  localized scleroderma
(79 times)
Dermatology
(34 times)
SSc (7 times)
UV (6 times)
MTX (5 times)
1977 Cellular infiltrates in scleroderma skin.
19  Langmuir-Schaefer
(78 times)
Chemistry
(51 times)
LB (20 times)
AFM (16 times)
BAM (7 times)
2003 Bacteriorhodopsin-based Langmuir-Schaefer films for solar energy capture.
20  Laron syndrome
(76 times)
Endocrinology
(44 times)
GH (19 times)
GHR (15 times)
IGF-I (14 times)
1993 Characterization of a noncontiguous gene deletion of the growth hormone receptor in Laron's syndrome.
21  litter size
(61 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(36 times)
OR (14 times)
BW (6 times)
IE (5 times)
1986 Increasing ovulation rate and lambing percentage by active immunization against androstenedione in dairy sheep breeds.
22  liquid scintillation
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(39 times)
NIST (10 times)
TDCR (9 times)
PS (5 times)
1975 Prediction of the response to chemotherapy in acute leukemia.
23  large subunit
(54 times)
Botany
(13 times)
SS (21 times)
AGPase (5 times)
PII (2 times)
1977 Identification and cloning of the chloroplast gene coding for the large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase from Chlamydomonas reinhardi.
24  lateral suprasylvian
(47 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
SC (6 times)
AEV (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1980 The afferent ganglion cells and cortical projections of the retinal recipient zone (RRZ) of the cat's pulvinar complex'.
25  locomotive syndrome
(46 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
JOA (6 times)
BIA (5 times)
OR (5 times)
2012 Physical performance tests are useful for evaluating and monitoring the severity of locomotive syndrome.
26  lung surfactant
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
ARDS (6 times)
DPPC (5 times)
RDS (4 times)
1984 Influence of nitrogen, oxygen, air and alveolar gas upon surface tension of lung surfactant.
27  LEOPARD syndrome
(43 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
NS (16 times)
HCM (6 times)
PTP (4 times)
2003 A novel PTPN11 mutation in LEOPARD syndrome.
28  low-sodium
(43 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
HS (22 times)
BP (10 times)
NS (8 times)
1982 Acute hypertension in a nonhuman primate: humoral and hemodynamic mechanisms.
29  limited stage
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
SCLC (30 times)
ES (24 times)
OS (9 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
30  liver stage
(40 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
ES (8 times)
BMI (3 times)
RAS (3 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
31  Lemierre's syndrome
(39 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
IJV (7 times)
CR (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2001 Investigation of postanginal sepsis and Lemierre's syndrome in the South West Peninsula.
32  liposarcoma
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
LMS (4 times)
RMS (3 times)
STS (3 times)
1993 [Giant liposarcoma of the spermatic cord].
33  life span
(33 times)
Geriatrics
(14 times)
DR (2 times)
GF (2 times)
MLS (2 times)
1982 Activity of a novel anthracenyl bishydrazone, 9,10-anthracenedicarboxyaldehyde Bis[(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)hydrazone] dihydrochloride, against experimental tumors in mice.
34  limb salvage
(33 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
CLI (14 times)
AFS (8 times)
PP (7 times)
1985 Results of revascularization and amputation in severe lower extremity ischemia: a five-year clinical experience.
35  laparoscopic
(32 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
OS (11 times)
RS (6 times)
OR (3 times)
1997 Laparoscopic or open splenectomy for hematologic disease: which approach is superior?
36  lignosulfonate
(32 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DLS (2 times)
KL (2 times)
SRhB (2 times)
1996 Degradation of pentachlorophenol by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium grown in ammonium lignosulphonate media.
37  Lofgren's syndrome
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
BAL (8 times)
BALF (3 times)
CXR (2 times)
2004 Combined association between IFN-gamma 3,3 homozygosity and DRB1*03 in Lofgren's syndrome patients.
38  Lewis score
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(16 times)
CD (22 times)
SBCE (12 times)
CE (10 times)
2012 Lewis score correlates more closely with fecal calprotectin than Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index.
39  Lichen striatus
(28 times)
Dermatology
(24 times)
LP (3 times)
AB (2 times)
LLP (2 times)
1993 Linear lichen planus and lichen striatus--opposite ends of a spectrum.
40  laparoscopy
(27 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
LT (6 times)
OS (5 times)
HSG (4 times)
1994 Pelvic adhesion formation after pelvic lymphadenectomy: comparison between transperitoneal laparoscopy and extraperitoneal laparotomy in a porcine model.
41  lateral septal nucleus
(24 times)
Brain
(10 times)
VMH (9 times)
SuM (5 times)
BNST (4 times)
1990 Responses in the diagonal band of Broca, adjacent septal nuclei and the islands of Calleja of cats to stimulation of the subcallosal fornix, medial basal hypothalamus and medial forebrain bundle.
42  standard length
(24 times)
Zoology
(21 times)
dah (1 time)
dph (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2004 Age, growth and yield per recruit analysis of the pintado Pseudoplatystoma corruscans (Agassiz, 1829) in the Cuiaba River basin, Pantanal Matogrossense, Brazil.
43  LigaSure
(23 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
HS (9 times)
HA (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2004 Bloodless liver resection using the monopolar floating ball plus ligasure diathermy: preliminary results of 16 liver resections.
44  lacunar stroke
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
AUC (3 times)
NLS (3 times)
OR (3 times)
2001 [A study of the hereditary susceptibility of HLA-DQA1 to essential hypertension, athrothrombotic brain infarction and lacunar stroke].
45  late-spiking
(21 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
FS (8 times)
RS (5 times)
BS (4 times)
1995 Physiological subgroups of nonpyramidal cells with specific morphological characteristics in layer II/III of rat frontal cortex.
46  linear stapler
(20 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
CS (11 times)
HS (8 times)
DFT (4 times)
1986 Latero-lateral end anastomosis for right hemicolectomy using staplers.
47  lumbar spondylosis
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
KL (7 times)
KOA (6 times)
ROAD (6 times)
2005 Is lumbar spondylosis a cause of urinary retention in elderly women?
48  leukocyte scintigraphy
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(9 times)
BS (4 times)
CD (4 times)
BMS (3 times)
1993 Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime labelled leucocyte scintigraphy in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
49  lymphosarcoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ALL (6 times)
CLL (3 times)
BLV (2 times)
1975 [Influence of allogeneic thymocytes on radioleukemogenesis in AKR-T1ALD mice].
50  levosimendan
(18 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CABG (2 times)
CI (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Hemodynamic effects of a continuous infusion of levosimendan in critically ill patients with cardiogenic shock requiring catecholamines.
51  Likert scale
(18 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
VAS (5 times)
CI (2 times)
RS (2 times)
1999 A comparison of the reproducibility and the sensitivity to change of visual analogue scales, Borg scales, and Likert scales in normal subjects during submaximal exercise.
52  liver steatosis
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
NAFLD (4 times)
AST (3 times)
2003 Plasma PAI-1 levels are more strongly related to liver steatosis than to adipose tissue accumulation.
53  Longitudinal Study
(17 times)
Statistics as Topic
(6 times)
ONS (4 times)
adP (1 time)
ASFRs (1 time)
1993 Socioeconomic characteristics of interregional migrants in England and Wales, 1939-71.
54  lung sounds
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
HS (8 times)
EMD (3 times)
FD (2 times)
1994 Respiratory health screening using pulmonary function tests and lung sound analysis.
55  low-sensitivity
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
hs (12 times)
nAChR (4 times)
nAChRs (2 times)
2007 Clinical utility of urine pregnancy assays to determine medical abortion outcome is limited.
56  laser surgery
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (5 times)
ES (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
1987 Cognition and adjustment after late and early operation for ruptured aneurysm.
57  level set
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
MR (3 times)
AASM (2 times)
2005 Semi-automated brain tumor and edema segmentation using MRI.
58  Lhermitte's sign
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IMRT (2 times)
BED (1 time)
CGMH (1 time)
1996 Electric shock-like sensations in 42 cancer patients: clinical characteristics and distinct etiologies.
59  Lowe syndrome
(15 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
CH (2 times)
OCRL (2 times)
US (2 times)
1989 Lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome: DNA-based linkage of the gene to Xq24-q26, using tightly linked flanking markers and the correlation to lens examination in carrier diagnosis.
60  lacrimal sac
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
NLD (4 times)
LDS (2 times)
UBM (2 times)
2005 Ultrasonic visualization of the effect of blinking on the lacrimal pump mechanism.
61  laser sintering
(14 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
Co-Cr (3 times)
FDM (2 times)
SM (2 times)
1982 A laser nephelometric method for measuring alternative pathway complement activity of human and murine serum.
62  lateral suprasylvian visual area
(14 times)
Brain
(7 times)
AEV (4 times)
LM-Sg (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1981 Cortical visual input to the orbito-insular cortex in the cat.
63  low stress
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HS (8 times)
CG (2 times)
CVOL (2 times)
1979 [The effects of electric stress on pancreatic B cell function in rats fed a high fat diet (I). Glucose tolerance and glucose-induced insulin release from the perfused pancreas (author's transl)].
64  left-sided
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
RS (11 times)
OS (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1984 Impact performance of bicycle helmets.
65  less sensitive
(13 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
EIA (5 times)
CI (4 times)
HIV (4 times)
1998 Lysis-sensitive targets stimulate an elevation of cAMP in human natural killer cells.
66  lineage-specific
(13 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
AS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
Foc (1 time)
2010 Comparative genomics reveals mobile pathogenicity chromosomes in Fusarium.
67  liquid-solid
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
VLS (4 times)
L-L (2 times)
VS (2 times)
2014 Phase transition behaviours of a single dendritic polymer.
68  locomotion score
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BCS (2 times)
beta-HB (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2011 Association between somatic cell count and serial locomotion score assessments in UK dairy cows.
69  low-starch
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
HS (12 times)
DM (3 times)
ECM (3 times)
2005 Incidence of puberty in beef heifers fed high- or low-starch diets for different periods before breeding.
70  lumazine synthase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AaLS (1 time)
AaRS (1 time)
BaLS (1 time)
2002 Comparative performance of tests using cytosolic or outer membrane antigens of Brucella for the serodiagnosis of canine brucellosis.
71  loading solution
(12 times)
Biology
(6 times)
LH (4 times)
LN (4 times)
PVS2 (3 times)
2006 Cryopreservation of shoot tips of blackberry and raspberry by encapsulation-dehydration and vitrification.
72  low-salt diet
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
HS (9 times)
NS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
1989 Norepinephrine overflow and re-uptake in perfused mesenteric arteries of Dahl salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.
73  leg strength
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HS (5 times)
BS (2 times)
SBJ (2 times)
1990 Relationships of body size, segmental dimensions, and ponderal equivalents to muscular strength in high-strength and low-strength subjects.
74  levator scapulae
(11 times)
Physical Medicine
(5 times)
LT (4 times)
RM (4 times)
SA (4 times)
1993 [Distribution of motor nuclei in feline ventral neck muscles].
75  light smokers
(11 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
HS (7 times)
NS (7 times)
MS (3 times)
1994 Increased release of ferritin and iron by iron-loaded alveolar macrophages in cigarette smokers.
76  lying to standing
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
DB (11 times)
PH (5 times)
SHG (5 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
77  lymphocyte stimulation
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LMI (4 times)
MHC (3 times)
MLC (3 times)
1975 Studies of lymphocyte stimulation by intact tumor-cell and solubilized tumor antigen.
78  laminar shear stress
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
OS (7 times)
ECs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
2006 Role of NADPH oxidases in disturbed flow- and BMP4- induced inflammation and atherosclerosis.
79  left superior
(10 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
RS (8 times)
AF (7 times)
LI (7 times)
2002 Electrical connections between pulmonary veins: implication for ostial ablation of pulmonary veins in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
80  lesion scores
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
ACI (3 times)
FCR (3 times)
BWG (2 times)
1997 Interactive effects of betaine and monensin in uninfected and Eimeria acervulina-infected chicks.
81  Liddle's syndrome
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
ENaC (5 times)
PA (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
1997 Liddle's syndrome: a 14-year follow-up of the youngest diagnosed case.
82  light sleep
(10 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
REMS (6 times)
SWS (5 times)
DRN (3 times)
1995 Sleep and waking in 5,7-DHT-lesioned or (-)-pindolol-pretreated rats after administration of buspirone, ipsapirone, or gepirone.
83  limonene synthase
(10 times)
Botany
(3 times)
Dxs (3 times)
GPP (3 times)
GPPS (3 times)
2003 Limonene production in tobacco with Perilla limonene synthase cDNA.
84  linear scleroderma
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
GM (2 times)
JLS (2 times)
PM (2 times)
1996 [Lesions of the hand and upper limb in children with linear scleroderma. Therapeutic approach in two cases].
85  linker-scanning
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
Ad (1 time)
APRT (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1985 Adenovirus EIIA early promoter: transcriptional control elements and induction by the viral pre-early EIA gene, which appears to be sequence independent.
86  Linsmaier and Skoog
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MS (4 times)
BAP (1 time)
dw (1 time)
1984 Adventitious Embryogenesis and the in vitro culture of Apple Seed Parts.
87  long survivors
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SS (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
1992 Studies on avian spinal cord chimeras. I. Neurological and histological manifestations.
88  lumbar sympathectomy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
ABI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
1996 Lumbar sympathectomy for causalgia secondary to lumbar laminectomy.
89  laparoscopic suturing
(9 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
EUS (2 times)
BWS (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2001 Staging of pancreatic and ampullary cancers for resectability using laparoscopy with laparoscopic ultrasound.
90  leader sequence
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
sTNF-alpha (2 times)
tmTNF-alpha (2 times)
XBD (2 times)
1992 Evidence for failure of V(D)J recombination in bone marrow pre-B cells from X-linked agammaglobulinemia.
91  linear score
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
IMI (3 times)
SCC (3 times)
ADCT (1 time)
2003 Effectiveness of an internal teat seal in the prevention of new intramammary infections during the dry and early-lactation periods in dairy cows when used with a dry cow intramammary antibiotic.
92  local search
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
WS (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
CDG (1 time)
2000 Minimizing stochastic complexity using local search and GLA with applications to classification of bacteria.
93  lotus seed starch
(9 times)
Food
(5 times)
HPH (4 times)
GG (3 times)
GMS (3 times)
2017 Properties of lotus seed starch-glycerin monostearin complexes formed by high pressure homogenization.
94  laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy
(8 times)
Urology
(5 times)
POP (2 times)
TVM (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2011 A pilot study on vaginally assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for patients with uterovaginal prolapse.
95  lateral sequence
(8 times)
Anthropology
(5 times)
DS (8 times)
AQ (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2004 Locomotor mechanics of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus).
96  lauryl sulfate
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
SLS (2 times)
AuNP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1980 Membrane filtration media for the enumeration of coliform organisms and Escherichia coli in water: comparison of Tergitol 7 and lauryl sulphate with Teepol 610.
97  leiomyosarcoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ESS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1985 Myxoid leiomyosarcoma.
98  levansucrase
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
FTFs (2 times)
AAB (1 time)
CLEAs (1 time)
1990 Expression of levansucrase-beta-galactosidase hybrids inhibits secretion and is lethal in Bacillus subtilis.
99  lipodystrophy syndrome
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HIV (3 times)
HAART (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
2008 Lipodystrophic syndrome in children and adolescents infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
100  liver-spleen
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
MTD (2 times)
SCA (2 times)
1983 Value of selective spleen scintigraphy when liver/spleen image shows equivocal spleen defects: concise communication.