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Abbreviation: LSF
Appearance Frequency: 483 time(s)
Long forms: 121

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
line spread function
(93 times)
Biophysics
(43 times)
MTF (34 times)
FWHM (19 times)
PSF (15 times)
1975 Effect of focal spot distribution on blood vessel imaging in magnification radiography.
low spatial frequency
(90 times)
Psychology
(20 times)
HSF (68 times)
ERPs (6 times)
ERP (5 times)
1989 Backward masking spatial frequency effects among hypothetically schizotypal individuals.
lisofylline
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
PTX (5 times)
NOD (3 times)
STZ (3 times)
1996 Lisofylline inhibits transforming growth factor beta release and enhances trilineage hematopoietic recovery after 5-fluorouracil treatment in mice.
lung shunt fraction
(25 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
HCC (6 times)
MAA (6 times)
OS (4 times)
2010 99mTc-labelled macroaggregated albumin (MAA) scintigraphy for planning treatment with 90Y microspheres.
least squares fitting
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
MEM (4 times)
HFMD (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
1985 A simple method for estimating compliance.
lumbar spinal fusion
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
THA (6 times)
VAS (2 times)
BI (1 time)
2009 Are routine radiographs needed in the first year after lumbar spinal fusions?
laser speckle flowmetry
(10 times)
Brain
(3 times)
CBF (4 times)
IOS (2 times)
LDF (2 times)
2002 Effects of diode laser therapy on blood flow in axial pattern flaps in the rat model.
liquid-state fermentation
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SSF (7 times)
LAB (2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
1994 Protein enrichment of apple pomace by co-culture of cellulolytic moulds and yeasts.
late-stage functionalization
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CDC (1 time)
His (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2016 The medicinal chemist's toolbox for late stage functionalization of drug-like molecules.
10  La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-delta
(6 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(4 times)
STF (2 times)
LSC (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2015 Enhancing electrochemical water-splitting kinetics by polarization-driven formation of near-surface iron(0): an in situ XPS study on perovskite-type electrodes.
11  low SF
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HSF (6 times)
SF (6 times)
ERPs (2 times)
2011 From coarse to fine? Spatial and temporal dynamics of cortical face processing.
12  low saturated fat
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HSF (2 times)
apo (1 time)
FME (1 time)
1992 Effects of avocado as a source of monounsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipid levels.
13  low-structure, facilitative
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
HSB (5 times)
LH (1 time)
1997 Treatment structure, client coping methods, and response to brief individual counseling: preliminary findings in a substance dependent sample.
14  lung surfactant factor
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ARDS (2 times)
PEEP (2 times)
PIP (2 times)
1993 Randomized placebo-controlled study on the characteristics and duration of action of surfactant treatment in premature lambs.
15  l-sulforaphane
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
S-FTIR (2 times)
APC (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
2014 Cell cycle effects of L-sulforaphane, a major antioxidant from cruciferous vegetables: The role of the anaphase promoting complex.
16  letter sound fluency
(4 times)
Psychology, Educational
(4 times)
BEAs (1 time)
DIBELS (1 time)
FSF (1 time)
2009 Brief experimental analysis of early reading interventions.
17  low soluble fiber
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HSF (4 times)
CEL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2015 Effect of type of fiber, site of fermentation, and method of analysis on digestibility of soluble and insoluble fiber in rabbits.
18  lysosulfatide
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SPC (4 times)
HDLs (2 times)
PI-PLC (2 times)
2000 Activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C by HDL-associated lysosphingolipid. Involvement in mitogenesis but not in cholesterol efflux.
19  Laser-Stimulated Fluorescence
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
UV (1 time)
2015 Laser-stimulated fluorescence in paleontology.
20  Lateral spinal flexion
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
AS (2 times)
SMMs (2 times)
ASDAS (1 time)
2015 Hierarchy of Impairment of Spinal Mobility Measures in Ankylosing Spondylitis: Twelve-Year Data.
21  leukemogenic stromal factor
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
C-FMS (2 times)
GM-CSF (2 times)
M-CSF (2 times)
1992 Expression of M-CSF and its receptor (C-FMS) during factor-independent cell line evolution from hematopoietic progenitor cells cocultivated with gamma irradiated marrow stromal cell lines.
22  long-segment fixation
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ODI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
ABH (1 time)
2016 Treatment of unstable thoracolumbar junction fractures: short-segment pedicle fixation with inclusion of the fracture level versus long-segment instrumentation.
23  lumbar spinal fusion surgery
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CBT (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
EG (1 time)
2016 Preoperative Cognitive-Behavioral Patient Education Versus Standard Care for Lumbar Spinal Fusion Patients: Economic Evaluation Alongside a Randomized Controlled Trial.
24  lumbosacral fusion
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ACS (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2011 Surgical outcomes of degenerative spondylolisthesis with L5-S1 disc degeneration: comparison between lumbar floating fusion and lumbosacral fusion at a minimum 5-year follow-up.
25  laser solid forming
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OPG (1 time)
RANKL (1 time)
2016 [Effects of laser solid forming of porous titanium on proliferation of osteoblast and RANKL/OPG expression].
26  laser-saturated fluoresence
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LIF (1 time)
NO (1 time)
PLIF (1 time)
1987 Feasibility of hydroxyl concentration measurements by laser-saturated fluorescence in high-pressure flames.
27  late spring frosts
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CGS (1 time)
EVI (1 time)
FFF (1 time)
2018 U.S. Agro-Climate in 20th Century: Growing Degree Days, First and Last Frost, Growing Season Length, and Impacts on Crop Yields.
28  lateral mass screw fixation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TSF (1 time)
2010 [Three-dimensional finite element investigation of lateral mass screw fixation and transarticular screw fixation in lower cervical spine].
29  Lax series field
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
NF (1 time)
WTF (1 time)
2009 Simulation of Gaussian laser beams and electron dynamics by Weniger transformation method.
30  left septal fascicle
(2 times)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
(1 time)
PAF (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
LAF (1 time)
2008 The history of left septal fascicular block: chronological considerations of a reality yet to be universally accepted.
31  left-side flexion
(2 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
RSF (2 times)
2013 Intrarater reliability of neck strength measurement of rugby union players using a handheld dynamometer.
32  level set function
(2 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
LSBD (1 time)
2015 Novelty detection using level set methods.
33  light scattering factor
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
1994 Confirmation of the validity of the psychophysical light scattering factor.
34  linear scleroderma of the face
(2 times)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2018 Cone beam computed tomography for the assessment of linear scleroderma of the face.
35  log surviving fraction
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
--- 1995 Use of a Modified Gompertz Equation to Model Nonlinear Survival Curves for Listeria monocytogenes Scott A.
36  loop suspensory fixation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CMS (2 times)
UMD (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2016 Comparison of surgical outcomes between fixation with hook plate and loop suspensory fixation for acute unstable acromioclavicular joint dislocation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
37  LSFdn
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of the mammalian transcription factor LSF induces S-phase-dependent apoptosis by downregulating thymidylate synthase expression.
38  lupine seed flour
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LSPI (1 time)
1999 Effect of lupin seed proteins on quality characteristics of fermented sausages.
39  lychee seed fraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IL-1beta (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2018 Lychee Seed Fraction Inhibits Abeta(1-42)-Induced Neuroinflammation in BV-2 Cells via NF-kappaB Signaling Pathway.
40  generalized-least-square-fit
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HFR (1 time)
2011 [Study on the n = 5 complex transitions for ions Nd XIII-Sm XV in Cd I isoelectronic sequence].
41  labile serum factor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1971 Labile serum factor and its effect on arbovirus neutralization.
42  labioscrotal fold
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CMTC (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2014 Co-occurrence of hemiscrotal agenesis with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita and hydronephrosis affecting the same side of the body.
43  lacrimal sac fossa
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
NLC (1 time)
2004 [Morphometric characteristics and correlation interdependence of the lacrimal sac fossa and nasolacrimal canal in cerebral and facial parts of the skull of various shape].
44  Ladas Super formula
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CMAL (1 time)
MedAE (1 time)
2020 Effect of Axial Length Adjustment Methods on Intraocular Lens Power Calculation in Highly Myopic Eyes.
45  lag-screw fixation
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Lag-screw fixation of mandibular parasymphyseal and angle fractures.
46  Lake Saint-Francois
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LSL (1 time)
LSP (1 time)
2018 RNA-sequencing to assess the health of wild yellow perch (Perca flavescens) populations from the St. Lawrence River, Canada.
47  language, social and food
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 An acculturation scale for Southeast Asians.
48  lanthanum strontium ferrite
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2020 Composition, crystallography, and oxygen vacancy ordering impacts on the oxygen ion conductivity of lanthanum strontium ferrite.
49  large-scale flow
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Flow Topology Transition via Global Bifurcation in Thermally Driven Turbulence.
50  large-scale SF
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
ZN (1 time)
2019 Development of Large-Scale Stopped-Flow Technique and its Application in Elucidation of Initial Ziegler-Natta Olefin Polymerization Kinetics.
51  larval standard food
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BFM (1 time)
2015 Occurrence of a mosquito vector in bird houses: Developmental consequences and potential epidemiological implications.
52  Laser Scanning Facility
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
NIST (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
SIRCUS (1 time)
2007 Comparison of absolute spectral irradiance responsivity measurement techniques using wavelength-tunable lasers.
53  laser shock forming
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2020 The New Technologies Developed from Laser Shock Processing.
54  late SV-40 factor
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2012 Targeting late SV40 factor: is the achilles heel of hepatocarcinogenesis revealed?
55  latency to start feeding
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
FI (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2000 Glutamatergic control of food intake in pigeons: effects of central injections of glutamate, NMDA, and AMPA receptor agonists and antagonists.
56  lateral sliding flap
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
DPE (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2019 Root Coverage for Single Deep Gingival Recessions: Outcomes Based on a Decision-Making Algorithm.
57  lateral somitic frontier
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2019 Lineage tracing of sclerotome cells in amphibian reveals that multipotent somitic cells originate from lateral somitic frontier.
58  lateral spread function
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BEV (1 time)
CAX (1 time)
CCCS (1 time)
2010 Fluence-convolution broad-beam (FCBB) dose calculation.
59  lateral spread of freeze
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
CIG (1 time)
1993 Cryotherapy precision. Clinician's estimate of cryosurgical iceball lateral spread of freeze.
60  lateral strain filter
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
SNRs (1 time)
2005 Noise performance and signal-to-noise ratio of shear strain elastograms.
61  lateral-shift-free
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
FTS (1 time)
MEMS (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2016 A Fourier Transform Spectrometer Based on an Electrothermal MEMS Mirror with Improved Linear Scan Range.
62  laterally stretched flap
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CTGs (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2019 Laterally Stretched Flap With Connective Tissue Graft to Treat Single Narrow Deep Recession Defects on Lower Incisors.
63  Lathyrus sativus flour
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2005 Occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma by exposure to Lathyrus sativus flour.
64  learning with selected features
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2020 Learning With Selected Features.
65  least-sum-of-squared-differences fit
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CARS (1 time)
1998 Pure rotational coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering: comparison of evaluation techniques for determining single-shot simultaneous temperature and relative n(2)-o(2) concentration.
66  left carotid artery of anesthetized rats reduced CBF
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
MCAOs (1 time)
2011 Distinct spatiotemporal patterns of spreading depolarizations during early infarct evolution: evidence from real-time imaging.
67  left shift flagging
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
DLC (1 time)
FN (1 time)
LDS (1 time)
1997 [Evaluation of the Coulter MAXM. Differential leukocyte count and left-shift alarm].
68  Left superior frontal
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
LMF (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2020 Frontal volume as a potential source of the comorbidity between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disorders.
69  left ventricular SF
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
LEF (1 time)
REF (1 time)
2000 Longitudinal survey of fetal ventricular ejection and shortening fraction throughout pregnancy.
70  less-stable foam
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2015 Aerated drinks increase gastric volume and reduce appetite as assessed by MRI: a randomized, balanced, crossover trial.
71  level set formulation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
RSF (1 time)
2013 [RSF model optimization and its application to brain tumor segmentation in MRI].
72  Lian-Se formula
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ESA (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
FNU (1 time)
2017 Quantitative Evaluation of Chinese Herb Medicine in the Treatment of Sialorrhea and Frequent Nighttime Urination in Patients with Parkinson's Disease.
73  lifestyle risk factor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
RD (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2020 Burdens and awareness of adverse self-reported lifestyle factors in men with sub-fertility: a cross-sectional study in 1149 men.
74  Likelihood of Sexual Force
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2020 Pornography, Masculinity, and Sexual Aggression on College Campuses.
75  lime saturation factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
EAFS (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2011 Valorisation of electric arc furnace steel slag as raw material for low energy belite cements.
76  line-shape function
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2006 A line-shape function in terms of changes in both molecular structure and force constants: a Gaussian approximation.
77  linear surfactin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
Lc (1 time)
2014 Monolayer behavior of cyclic and linear forms of surfactins: thermodynamic analysis of Langmuir monolayers and AFM study of Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers.
78  lingual symphyseal foramen
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AbMF (1 time)
AdMF (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2018 Analysis of the frequency of visualization of morphological variations in anatomical bone features in the mandibular interforaminal region through cone-beam computed tomography.
79  liquid silk fibroin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SFNs (1 time)
2015 Bioconjugation of silk fibroin nanoparticles with enzyme and Peptide and their characterization.
80  liquid smoke flavoring
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LDPE (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2005 Factors affecting elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from smoked meat foods and liquid smoke flavorings.
81  liquid smoke food flavourings
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CSC (1 time)
WSC (1 time)
1999 Comparison of the cytotoxic and mutagenic potential of liquid smoke food flavourings, cigarette smoke condensate and wood smoke condensate.
82  liquid state fungal pre-treatment
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CEs (1 time)
EB (1 time)
FAN (1 time)
2012 Enhancing the value of nitrogen from rapeseed meal for microbial oil production.
83  liquid submerged fermentation
(1 time)
Patents as Topic
(1 time)
SSF (1 time)
1993 Development of high penicillin producing strains for solid state fermentation.
84  lisofylline ((R)-1-(5-hydroxyhexyl)-3,7-dimethylxanthine)
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
MPO (1 time)
PA (1 time)
SALINE (1 time)
1997 The effects of post-treatment with lisofylline, a phosphatidic acid generation inhibitor, on sepsis-induced acute lung injury in pigs.
85  lithium silica fume
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CZ (1 time)
FAU (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
2020 Ultrafast removal of Cu(II) by a novel hierarchically structured faujasite-type zeolite fabricated from lithium silica fume.
86  load sensing face
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Testing and evaluation of a Hybrid III load sensing face.
87  Load Sharing Facility
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SGE (1 time)
2017 SBpipe: a collection of pipelines for automating repetitive simulation and analysis tasks.
88  local shape function
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MT-BCS (1 time)
2013 Imaging sparse metallic cylinders through a local shape function Bayesian compressive sensing approach.
89  Localised scleroderma of the face
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Odontostomatologic involvement in juvenile localised scleroderma of the face.
90  log of the surviving fraction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1996 Use of a Modified Gompertz Equation to Predict the Effects of Temperature, pH, and NaCl on the Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A Heated in Infant Formula.
91  long stay facilities
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
2012 Increasing prevalence of ESBL production among Irish clinical Enterobacteriaceae from 2004 to 2008: an observational study.
92  long-duration space flight
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 [Role of viscosity and permeability of erythrocyte plasmatic membrane in controlling the oxygen transport effectiveness by human hemoglobin on completion of space flight].
93  long-standing follow-up
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DCU (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2014 Different prevalence of metabolic control and chronic complication rate according to the time of referral to a diabetes care unit in the elderly.
94  longitudinal scanning function
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Multi-incidence digital holographic profilometry with high axial resolution and enlarged measurement range.
95  longitudinal shortening fraction
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
EF (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2012 Assessment of right ventricular function using echocardiographic speckle tracking of the tricuspid annular motion: comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance.
96  longitudinal spherical function
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HSH (1 time)
SH (1 time)
ZCP (1 time)
2019 Zernike like functions on spherical cap: principle and applications in optical surface fitting and graphics rendering.
97  Longmen Shan Fault
(1 time)
WE (1 time)
ZR (1 time)
2015 Impoundment of the Zipingpu reservoir and triggering of the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, China.
98  Loss Sensitivity Factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
WK (1 time)
2016 Optimal Siting and Sizing of Multiple DG Units for the Enhancement of Voltage Profile and Loss Minimization in Transmission Systems Using Nature Inspired Algorithms.
99  low content of saturated fatty acids
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HSF (1 time)
2006 The natural concentration of the conjugated linoleic acid, cis-9,trans-11, in milk fat has antiatherogenic effects in hyperlipidemic hamsters.
100  low saturated fat diet
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HSF (1 time)
2017 Effects of a very high saturated fat diet on LDL particles in adults with atherogenic dyslipidemia: A randomized controlled trial.