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Abbreviation: LTR
Appearance Frequency: 3477 time(s)
Long forms: 118

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
long terminal repeat
(3015 times)
Virology
(913 times)
HIV-1 (458 times)
HIV (179 times)
CAT (151 times)
1980 Nucleotide sequence analysis of the transforming region and large terminal redundancies of Moloney murine sarcoma virus.
lung transplant recipients
(84 times)
Transplantation
(48 times)
BOS (14 times)
BAL (10 times)
CMV (9 times)
1997 Scar collagen deposition in the airways of allografts of lung transplant recipients.
laryngotracheal reconstruction
(75 times)
Otolaryngology
(63 times)
SGS (13 times)
CTR (6 times)
LTS (4 times)
1984 Pediatric laryngotracheal stenosis.
lifetime risk
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
AD (4 times)
BP (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1998 Apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele and familial aggregation of Alzheimer disease.
long-term repopulating
(15 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
HSCs (8 times)
HSC (3 times)
TPO (3 times)
2001 Multi-organ, multi-lineage engraftment by a single bone marrow-derived stem cell.
LysoTracker Red
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
MDC (3 times)
MPT (2 times)
MTG (2 times)
2006 Tracker dyes to probe mitochondrial autophagy (mitophagy) in rat hepatocytes.
long-term response
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HCV (3 times)
NR (3 times)
EAP (2 times)
1996 Two years versus six months of interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis C.
lichenoid tissue reaction
(11 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
DTH (2 times)
IFD (2 times)
DLE (1 time)
1986 Lichenoid tissue reaction induced by local transfer of Ia-reactive T-cell clones.
long-term residential
(11 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
ODF (7 times)
DATOS (6 times)
OMT (4 times)
1988 Exercise responses after short- and long-term residence at 2,200 meters.
10  long-term retention
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
Pf (2 times)
PF ICS (2 times)
STR (2 times)
1988 Improvement of shuttle-box learning with pre- and post-trial intracranial self-stimulation in rats.
11  long terminal repeat sequence
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CAT (3 times)
HTLV-I (2 times)
aph (1 time)
1982 Molecular cloning of the endogenous rat C-type helper virus DNA sequence: structural organization and functional analysis of some restricted DNA fragments.
12  long terminal repeat region
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
MMTV (4 times)
HRE (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
1982 Glucocorticoid receptors recognize DNA sequences in and around murine mammary tumour virus DNA.
13  local twitch response
(8 times)
Physical Medicine
(3 times)
MTrP (5 times)
ReP (3 times)
MPS (2 times)
1991 Symptomatology and clinical pathophysiology of myofascial pain.
14  lung tumor retention
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
NK (3 times)
MP (1 time)
NKA (1 time)
2000 Suppression of NK cell activity and of resistance to metastasis by stress: a role for adrenal catecholamines and beta-adrenoceptors.
15  lymphocyte transformation rate
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1981 Impaired lymphocyte transformation response to cytomegalovirus and phytohemagglutinin in recipients of renal transplants: association with antithymocyte globulin.
16  long-term reconstituting
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
HSCs (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1993 Use of 5-fluorouracil to analyze the effect of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha on long-term reconstituting stem cells in vivo.
17  Louisiana Tumor Registry
(6 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
CLL (1 time)
LH (1 time)
NAACCR (1 time)
0 Coding of Central Cancer Registry Industry and Occupation Information: The Texas and Louisiana Experiences.
18  local transport regions
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SC (3 times)
HV (2 times)
appl (1 time)
1998 Theory of skin electroporation: implications of straight-through aqueous pathway segments that connect adjacent corneocytes.
19  long tandem repeat
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CDK9 (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1992 Mapping of a B-cell epitope present in the neuraminidase of Trypanosoma cruzi.
20  loss of therapeutic response
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AE (2 times)
CR (2 times)
FM (2 times)
2008 Fibromyalgia relapse evaluation and efficacy for durability of meaningful relief (FREEDOM): a 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with pregabalin.
21  low-temperature-responsive
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
1994 Low-temperature-responsive barley genes have different control mechanisms.
22  lung-to-thorax transverse area ratio
(5 times)
Congenital Abnormalities
(2 times)
CDH (4 times)
AREDV (1 time)
FHT (1 time)
2009 Fetal preload index of the inferior vena cava and neonatal outcome of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
23  learning to rank
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AFP (1 time)
GO (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2014 Learning to rank diversified results for biomedical information retrieval from multiple features.
24  local tumor recurrence
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
HCC (2 times)
MWA (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2015 Is there a need for MRI within 24 hours after CT-guided percutaneous thermoablation of the liver?
25  log titer reduction
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
CC-RT-PCR (1 time)
FC (1 time)
1997 Virus retention by a hydrophilic triple-layer PVDF microporous membrane filter.
26  long-term remission
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
CML (1 time)
2004 Recurrence of severe steroid dependency in cyclosporin A-treated childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.
27  lateral trochlear ridge
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BM (1 time)
OC (1 time)
OCL s (1 time)
2002 Localisation and activity of cathepsins K and B in equine osteoclasts.
28  long terminal direct repeat
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
--- 1984 Structure of circular copies of the 412 transposable element present in Drosophila melanogaster tissue culture cells, and isolation of a free 412 long terminal repeat.
29  long terminal redundancy
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
Ab-MuLV (1 time)
MMTV (1 time)
1980 Sequence organization of feline leukemia virus DNA in infected cells.
30  long terminal repeat promoter
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BFV (3 times)
IP (3 times)
FV (1 time)
2008 Dimerization of BTas is required for the transactivational activity of bovine foamy virus.
31  lung transplantation
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BFMI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FFMI (1 time)
2003 Fat-free mass change to weight change ratio during refeeding following lung transplantation.
32  lymphatic transit rate
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
SLN (3 times)
SAT (2 times)
SST (2 times)
2014 Measurement of cutaneous lymphatic flow rates in patients with skin cancer: area extraction method.
33  laparoscopic transgastric resection
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
(1 time)
EGJ (1 time)
GISTs (1 time)
LDG (1 time)
2016 Laparoscopic resection of large gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumours.
34  lapatinib + trastuzumab-resistant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
HERs (1 time)
2017 HER2-Overexpressing Breast Cancers Amplify FGFR Signaling upon Acquisition of Resistance to Dual Therapeutic Blockade of HER2.
35  laser turbinate reduction
(2 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
ITH (1 time)
PIT (1 time)
STT (1 time)
2013 Diode laser turbinate reduction in the treatment of symptomatic inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
36  lateral mesencephalic tegmental region
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1991 Visual and vestibular signals in the lateral mesencephalic tegmental region of the cat.
37  leukotriene
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TNF (2 times)
LPS (1 time)
1992 The immunocytochemical localization of tumour necrosis factor and leukotriene in the rat liver after treatment with lipopolysaccharide.
38  light transmission rate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFD (1 time)
Pn (1 time)
2004 [Effects of different light transmission rate on American ginseng's photosynthesis].
39  likelihood to recommend
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
PRSS (1 time)
ROs (1 time)
US (1 time)
2018 Physician Gender Is Associated with Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Scores in Outpatient Gynecology.
40  Long term fire retardant
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Al (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
Si (1 time)
2004 Assessment of application-rate dependent effects of a long-term fire retardant chemical (Fire Trol 934) on Typha domingensis germination.
41  long terminal
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1993 Regulation of HIV-1 LTR trans-activating activities in two different human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines.
42  long-term Jewish residents
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
--- 2010 The impact of education, cultural background, and lifestyle on symptoms of the menopausal transition: the Women's Health at Midlife Study.
43  Long-terminal-repeat retrotransposons
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
ERVs (1 time)
2014 An integrated platform for bovine DNA methylome analysis suitable for small samples.
44  LT receptor
(2 times)
Hypersensitivity
(1 time)
CRSwNP (1 time)
Cys (1 time)
CysLT1R (1 time)
2003 Differential leukotriene receptor expression and calcium responses in endothelial cells and macrophages indicate 5-lipoxygenase-dependent circuits of inflammation and atherogenesis.
45  (MSCV)-long-term repeat
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HS4 (1 time)
2011 Chicken HS4 insulators have minimal barrier function among progeny of human hematopoietic cells transduced with an HIV1-based lentiviral vector.
46  analysis-long-term responders
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
(1 time)
BTC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2017 Long term responders to palliative chemotherapy for advanced biliary tract cancer.
47  land treadmill running
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
WTR-S (1 time)
2010 Water treadmill parameters needed to obtain land treadmill intensities in runners.
48  laparoscopically-assisted transsacral resection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2000 Laparoscopically assisted transsacral resection of rectal cancer with primary anastomosis. A preliminary review.
49  large terminal redundancies
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMV (1 time)
1982 Nucleotide sequence and organization of the transforming region and large terminal redundancies (LTR) of avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV).
50  Large therapeutic rolls
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACSM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
VO2R (1 time)
2013 Cardiorespiratory response to exercise on a large therapeutic roll.
51  laryngotracheal reconstruction surgery
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Perceptual Evaluation of Voice Disorder in Children Who Have Had Laryngotracheal Reconstruction Surgery and the Relationship Between Clinician Perceptual Ratingof Voice Quality and Parent Proxy/Child Self-Report of Voice-Related Quality of Life.
52  lasting time of remission
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2016 [Immunological balance of CD8+CD28+/CD8+CD28- T lymphocytes can predict gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with inflammatory bowel disease].
53  late-to-refill
(1 time)
Patient Compliance
(1 time)
PDC (1 time)
2017 Impact of late-to-refill reminder calls on medication adherence in the Medicare Part D population: evaluation of a randomized controlled study.
54  lateral tubercular recess
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
MOCR (1 time)
2016 Analysis of the Medial Opticocarotid Recess in Patients with Pituitary Macroadenoma Using Three-Dimensional Images.
55  lattice radiation therapy
(1 time)
LRT (1 time)
2015 The Use of Lattice Radiation Therapy (LRT) in the Treatment of Bulky Tumors: A Case Report of a Large Metastatic Mixed Mullerian Ovarian Tumor.
56  learn-to-rank
(1 time)
Semantics
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
UMLS (1 time)
2015 Concept selection for phenotypes and diseases using learn to rank.
57  left MTL resection
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
MTL (1 time)
2015 The feeling of familiarity for music in patients with a unilateral temporal lobe lesion: A gating study.
58  left, transmission, and reflection from the right
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Modular method for calculation of transmission and reflection in multilayered structures.
59  left-to-right
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
RTL (1 time)
2016 The dynamic effect of reading direction habit on spatial asymmetry of image perception.
60  Legume Trimming Residues
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MSW (1 time)
2013 Maximising municipal solid waste--legume trimming residue mixture degradation in composting by control parameters optimization.
61  length-tension relationship
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Serotonin modulates muscle function in the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana.
62  less than recommended
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CDSS (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
2011 Characteristics and effects of nurse dosing over-rides on computer-based intensive insulin therapy protocol performance.
63  Lethal time ratios
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CYP (1 time)
MeP (1 time)
2005 Evidence of anopheline mosquito resistance to agrochemicals in northern Thailand.
64  leukotriene-receptor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
H1R (1 time)
TDI (1 time)
2013 Combination of leukotoriene receptor antagonist with antihistamine has an additive suppressive effect on the up-regulation of H1-receptor mRNA in the nasal mucosa of toluene 2,4-diisocyanate-sensitized rat.
65  levels of both early
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
MV (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2008 Measles virus inhibits human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcription and replication by blocking cell-cycle progression of CD4+ T lymphocytes.
66  lifetime cardiovascular risk
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
FRS (1 time)
2012 Multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis arterial age versus framingham 10-year or lifetime cardiovascular risk.
67  Likelihood of Your Recommending Our Practice to Others
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Unlocking the Doors to Patient Satisfaction in Pediatric Orthopaedics.
68  linear trimer
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
I3C (1 time)
2010 Diindolylmethane (DIM) spontaneously forms from indole-3-carbinol (I3C) during cell culture experiments.
69  Lip-Tooth-Ridge
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 The Lip-Tooth-Ridge Classification: A Guidepost for Edentulous Maxillary Arches. Diagnosis, Risk Assessment, and Implant Treatment Indications.
70  lithium-tolerant
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
V-ATPase (1 time)
2002 Promoter analysis of the sodium-responsive V-ATPase (ntp) operon in Enterococcus hirae.
71  liver resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LTA (1 time)
2005 Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic approaches for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
72  local tissue rearrangement
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2006 Determining the optimal approach to breast reconstruction after partial mastectomy.
73  log-rank test, Fisher's exact test
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MWA (1 time)
2015 Is there a need for MRI within 24 hours after CT-guided percutaneous thermoablation of the liver?
74  log-transformed refraction
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2006 Genomewide scan in Ashkenazi Jewish families demonstrates evidence of linkage of ocular refraction to a QTL on chromosome 1p36.
75  long repeat
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
chi (1 time)
HTLV (1 time)
M-MuLV (1 time)
1987 U3 sequences from HTLV-I and -II LTRs confer pX protein response to a murine leukemia virus LTR.
76  long term
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Motor Improvement of Skilled Forelimb Use Induced by Treatment with Growth Hormone and Rehabilitation Is Dependent on the Onset of the Treatment after Cortical Ablation.
77  long term recurrences
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSDH (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2016 Long-term survival after chronic subdural haematoma.
78  long terminal inverted repeats
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Mutational pressure is a cause of inter- and intragenomic differences in GC-content of simplex and varicello viruses.
79  long terminal repeat element
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EPO (1 time)
EPOR (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
1996 Inhibition of the erythropoietin-induced erythroid differentiation by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in the human UT-7 cell line is not due to a negative regulation of the erythropoietin receptor.
80  long terminal repeat region of HIV-1
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HAART (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
NF-IB (1 time)
2015 HIV-1 induced nuclear factor I-B (NF-IB) expression negatively regulates HIV-1 replication through interaction with the long terminal repeat region.
81  long terminal repeated noncoding sequences of the HIV-1 provirus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
Tat (1 time)
2001 Homonuclear (1)H-NMR assignment and structural characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Tat Mal protein.
82  Long Termination Repeat
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 [A retrotransposon-like element Tca1 was used for taxonomic determination of Candida albicans].
83  long-term acclimation responses
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
Chl (1 time)
2013 Photosynthetic acclimation responses of maize seedlings grown under artificial laboratory light gradients mimicking natural canopy conditions.
84  long-term blood-repopulating
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Ang-1 (1 time)
BM (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
2005 Regulation of hematopoietic stem cells by the niche.
85  long-term clinical remission
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
Dsg (1 time)
IVIG (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2012 Comparison of immunological parameters in patients with pemphigus vulgaris following rituximab and IVIG therapy.
86  long-term hematopoietic reconstitution
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
HP (1 time)
HSC (1 time)
2007 Dual role of Mpl receptor during the establishment of definitive hematopoiesis.
87  long-term postmating response
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2009 A network of interactions among seminal proteins underlies the long-term postmating response in Drosophila.
88  long-term recording
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of unknown and untreated arrhythmias in an older outpatient population screened by wireless long-term recording ECG.
89  Long-Term Reference
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2010 Delay constrained multiplexing of video streams using dual-frame video coding.
90  long-term reproducibility
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
LTA (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2012 Good short-term but not long-term reproducibility of the antiplatelet efficacy laboratory assessment.
91  long-term retrieval
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ATD (1 time)
CLTS (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1989 Distinguishing normal and demented elderly with the selective reminding test.
92  long-term retrospective analysis
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2016 Individual-level factors associated with variation in mycobacterial-specific immune response: Gender and previous BCG vaccination status.
93  long-term risk
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2018 How much alcohol is consumed outside of the lifetime risk guidelines in Australia?
94  long-term storage
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Oral physostigmine and lecithin improve memory in Alzheimer disease.
95  long-term virological response
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2008 Incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and glucose abnormalities in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection by response to treatment: results of a cohort study.
96  look-back-upon tree recurrence
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Look-back-upon tree recurrence method for Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode performance prediction.
97  Low Threshold rats to DMCM-induced clonic convulsions
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CD50 (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
2005 Behavioral differences between subgroups of rats with high and low threshold to clonic convulsions induced by DMCM, a benzodiazepine inverse agonist.
98  Lower end of parental target range
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
Ht (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2018 Measured parental height in Turner syndrome-a valuable but underused diagnostic tool.
99  lower tract reconstruction
(1 time)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
SLTR (1 time)
ULTA (1 time)
UTA (1 time)
2015 Examining trends in the treatment of ureterocele yields no definitive solution.
100  loxLTR
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Crystal structure of an engineered, HIV-specific recombinase for removal of integrated proviral DNA.