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Abbreviation: Lys
Appearance Frequency: 833 time(s)
Long forms: 98

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
lysine
(431 times)
Biochemistry
(83 times)
Arg (81 times)
Met (50 times)
Thr (39 times)
1974 In-vivo evidence for metabolic control of amino-acid and protein synthesis by exogenous lysine and threonine in Mimulus cardinalis.
lysozyme
(211 times)
Chemistry
(43 times)
BSA (37 times)
OVA (13 times)
LbL (11 times)
1971 Antigenic promotion. Increase in hapten-specific plaque-forming cells after pre-injection with structurally unrelated macromolecules.
L-lysine
(70 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
Arg (18 times)
aa (5 times)
Met (5 times)
1971 Regulation of two aspartokinases in Bacillus subtilis.
Lys-tRNA
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Ala (2 times)
PG (2 times)
A-PGS (1 time)
1970 Poly U-dependent ribosomal binding of Lys-tRNA(Lys).
lysosomes
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
LEs (2 times)
MVB (2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
1990 Ultrastructure of pig pinealocytes in various stages of the sexual cycle: a quantitative study.
lysyl-tRNA
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Pyl (3 times)
LysRS (1 time)
MERRF (1 time)
1987 A preferential role for lysyl-tRNA4 in the synthesis of diadenosine 5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate by an arginyl-tRNA synthetase-lysyl-tRNA synthetase complex from rat liver.
L-lysine HCl
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
Arg (1 time)
BHBA (1 time)
2003 A diet fortified with L-lysine and L-arginine reduces plasma cortisol and blocks anxiogenic response to transportation in pigs.
lysosomal
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
LE (2 times)
LPS (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2013 Endothelial peroxisomal dysfunction and impaired pexophagy promotes oxidative damage in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute kidney injury.
diacetyl-lysyl-tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fMet (1 time)
Pth (1 time)
2003 Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase from Sulfolobus solfataricus.
10  lysine isoacceptor, tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1996 Mechanisms of tRNA import into yeast mitochondria: an overview.
11  lysophosphatidylcholine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BAEC (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
1997 Oxidized low-density lipoproteins stimulate adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells.
12  LysRS, and GagPol interacting with the tRNA
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
hLysRS (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 The selective packaging and annealing of primer tRNALys3 in HIV-1.
13  LysRS, tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LysRS (2 times)
RT (2 times)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2005 Inhibition of cellular HIV-1 protease activity by lysyl-tRNA synthetase.
14  BOP-Lys-tRNA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BOP-Lys (1 time)
EF-Tu (1 time)
2013 A kinetic safety gate controlling the delivery of unnatural amino acids to the ribosome.
15  CS-lysozyme
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
TVB-N (1 time)
2018 Quality enhancement of large yellow croaker treated with edible coatings based on chitosan and lysozyme.
16  D-lysine containing stereoisomer of alpha,DNP L
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1968 Immunochemical studies on the specificity of cellular hypersensitivity. The in vitro inhibition of peritoneal exudate cell migration by cehmically defined antigens.
17  D-lysine to form BHALys
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SEC (1 time)
2006 Cationic poly-L-lysine dendrimers: pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and evidence for metabolism and bioresorption after intravenous administration to rats.
18  Gly-Lys-Arg
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 A novel cDNA sequence encoding the precursor of the D-amino acid-containing neuropeptide fulicin and multiple alpha-amidated neuropeptides from Achatina fulica.
19  IQ-Lysine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MeIQ (1 time)
1990 Monoclonal antibody to 2-amino-3-methylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoline, a dietary carcinogen.
20  L-cysteine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Polysilicon wire glucose sensor highly immune to interference.
21  L-Lysine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NOAEL (1 time)
2004 Thirteen-week oral toxicity study of L-lysine hydrochloride in rats.
22  L-lysine-based
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
ELLA (1 time)
Tyr (1 time)
2011 Glycopeptide dendrimers: tuning carbohydrate-lectin interactions with amino acids.
23  laboratory isolates indicates that a variant tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1997 Sequence variation of the human immunodeficiency virus primer-binding site suggests the use of an alternative tRNA(Lys) molecule in reverse transcription.
24  Lastly, we focused on the additional interactions occurring between tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2012 Initiation of HIV-1 reverse transcription and functional role of nucleocapsid-mediated tRNA/viral genome interactions.
25  level of platelet count in hypertension subjects who carried tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effect of mitochondrial tRNA(Lys) mutation on the clinical and biochemical characteristics of Chinese essential hypertensive subjects.
26  levels can be markedly reduced provided catalytic amounts of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1987 A preferential role for lysyl-tRNA4 in the synthesis of diadenosine 5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate by an arginyl-tRNA synthetase-lysyl-tRNA synthetase complex from rat liver.
27  light sources on the PACT potency of ZnPc
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PACT (1 time)
2018 Household light source for potent photo-dynamic antimicrobial effect and wound healing in an infective animal model.
28  likely to make contacts with the acceptor stem of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Functional replacement of hamster lysyl-tRNA synthetase by the yeast enzyme requires cognate amino acid sequences for proper tRNA recognition.
29  lines carrying the MERRF mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
1997 In vivo control of respiration by cytochrome c oxidase in wild-type and mitochondrial DNA mutation-carrying human cells.
30  linked Streptomyces lividans tRNA genes encoding two tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1994 tRNA genes of Streptomyces lividans: new sequences and comparison of structure and organization with those of other bacteria.
31  lipid accumulation was inhibited by (Ch)
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ILs (1 time)
OAc (1 time)
2015 Evaluating the effects of biocompatible cholinium ionic liquids on microbial lipid production by Trichosporon fermentans.
32  lipohexapeptide tripalmitoyl-S-glyceryl-Cys-Ser-4
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
2003 Differential acquired immune responsiveness to bacterial lipoproteins in Lyme disease-resistant and -susceptible mouse strains.
33  liquid chromatography and shown to be des
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Posttranslational modification of calmodulin in rat brain and pituitary.
34  located between cytochrome oxidase II (COII) and tRNA
(1 time)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(1 time)
COII (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
2016 Mitochondrial intergenic COII/tRNA(Lys) 9-bp deletion, a biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma?
35  loss of binding affinity of SK(55--414) for labeled
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pg (1 time)
Pm (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2001 Streptokinase triggers conformational activation of plasminogen through specific interactions of the amino-terminal sequence and stabilizes the active zymogen conformation.
36  loss of electrostatic contact within the dansyl
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2011 Design, synthesis, and evaluation of a new fluorescent probe for measuring polymyxin-lipopolysaccharide binding interactions.
37  Lys and Ala codon families before UGA; AAG
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ser (1 time)
1995 5' contexts of Escherichia coli and human termination codons are similar.
38  Lys residues were observed supporting the participation of this
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
MALDI-TOF MS (1 time)
MCO (1 time)
2008 Products of Cu(II)-catalyzed oxidation of alpha-synuclein fragments containing M1-D2 and H50 residues in the presence of hydrogen peroxide.
39  Lys-Arg
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 A novel cDNA sequence encoding the precursor of the D-amino acid-containing neuropeptide fulicin and multiple alpha-amidated neuropeptides from Achatina fulica.
40  Lys-Lys and monobasic
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMMC (1 time)
IR (1 time)
PENK (1 time)
1993 Differential posttranslational processing of proenkephalin in rat bone marrow and spleen mononuclear cells: evidence for synenkephalin cleavage.
41  Lys-Pro
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1981 Synthesis of histone model sequences for immobilization on a cross-linked polyacrylate matrix.
42  Lys-tRNACUU
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Translational misreading in Mycobacterium smegmatis increases in stationary phase.
43  lysate
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
SIA (1 time)
VacA (1 time)
1999 Epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori in chronic haemodialysis patients using the new RIBA H. pylori SIA.
44  lysenin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EqtII (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2015 Visualization of the heterogeneous membrane distribution of sphingomyelin associated with cytokinesis, cell polarity, and sphingolipidosis.
45  Lysiloma latisiliquum
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AMF (1 time)
Her (1 time)
LEU (1 time)
2012 Impact of weed control on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a tropical agroecosystem: a long-term experiment.
46  lysin gene
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Molecular analysis of the region encoding the lytic system from Oenococcus oeni temperate bacteriophage phi 10MC.
47  lysine analogs, but does not acylate tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 A bacterial ortholog of class II lysyl-tRNA synthetase activates lysine.
48  lysine and of tryptophan
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Trp (1 time)
1975 Characteristics of rat jejunal transport of tryptophan.
49  lysine and tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Pyl (5 times)
2004 An aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase that specifically activates pyrrolysine.
50  lysine binding and, consequently, to reduced charging of tRNA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
1992 Autoregulation of the yeast lysyl-tRNA synthetase gene GCD5/KRS1 by translational and transcriptional control mechanisms.
51  lysine charging activity than the native tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Trp (1 time)
1992 In vitro study of E.coli tRNA(Arg) and tRNA(Lys) identity elements.
52  lysine codon, with the deficiency of aminoacylated tRNA
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
1995 MtDNA mutation in MERRF syndrome causes defective aminoacylation of tRNA(Lys) and premature translation termination.
53  Lysine ethyl ester
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PEUUs (1 time)
RGDS (1 time)
2002 Synthesis, characterization, and cytocompatibility of elastomeric, biodegradable poly(ester-urethane)ureas based on poly(caprolactone) and putrescine.
54  lysine modified Cyt C-SL
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Tyr (2 times)
1978 [Chemical modification of ferricytochrome c by N-(2,2',5,5'-tetramethyl-3-carboxypyrroline-1-oxyl)-imidazole].
55  lysine molecule was transferred from the complex to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAT-CD (1 time)
TAB-ND (1 time)
2002 Transition state stabilization by the N-terminal anticodon-binding domain of lysyl-tRNA synthetase.
56  lysine peptides
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1980 Studies on interactions between immobilized lysine residues and oligomers of thymidylic and deoxyadenylic acids.
57  Lysine residues
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Cys (2 times)
DSIC (1 time)
2009 Quantitative serum proteomics using dual stable isotope coding and nano LC-MS/MSMS.
58  lysine supplement
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Met (1 time)
WBSF (1 time)
ZH (1 time)
2015 Effects of supplemental lysine and methionine with zilpaterol hydrochloride on feedlot performance, carcass merit, and skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in finishing feedlot cattle.
59  lysine were found, including a ground conformer of K+
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BDEs (1 time)
CID (1 time)
2019 Experimental and Computational Study of the Group 1 Metal Cation Chelates with Lysine: Bond Dissociation Energies, Structures, and Structural Trends.
60  lysine. tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FPLC (1 time)
urea-PAGE (1 time)
1994 Rapid purification of tRNA(Lys) from rat liver.
61  lysis genes encoding endolysin
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
GTA (1 time)
2005 Identification of genes of VSH-1, a prophage-like gene transfer agent of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae.
62  lysis proteins including an atypical one of non-lipoprotein nature
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1989 Nucleotide sequences from the colicin E5, E6 and E9 operons: presence of a degenerate transposon-like structure in the ColE9-J plasmid.
63  LysM receptor kinase gene
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evolution and regulation of the Lotus japonicus LysM receptor gene family.
64  lysosome
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
1996 Contribution of lysosomes to the subcellular distribution of basic drugs in the rat liver.
65  lysozyme from chicken egg
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
alpha-Lac (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
DTT (1 time)
2004 Study of the disulfide reduction of denatured proteins by liquid chromatography coupled with on-line cold-vapor-generation atomic-fluorescence spectrometry (LC-CVGAFS).
66  lysozyme gene
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Developmental activation of the lysozyme gene in chicken macrophage cells is linked to core histone acetylation at its enhancer elements.
67  Lysozyme-encoding genes
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
sLys (1 time)
1996 Structural deviations in a bovine low expression lysozyme-encoding gene active in tissues other than stomach.
68  LysRS and tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 Ability of wild-type and mutant lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA(Lys) incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
69  LysRS appears to target the tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2002 tRNA(Lys3): the primer tRNA for reverse transcription in HIV-1.
70  LysRS associated with tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2001 Incorporation of lysyl-tRNA synthetase into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
71  LysRS indicated that LeuRS specifically reduced the Km for tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
aaRSs (1 time)
LeuRS (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2007 Functional association between three archaeal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
72  LysRS requires the viral Gag polyprotein and incorporation of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2010 Formation of the tRNALys packaging complex in HIV-1.
73  LysRS species able to promote packaging of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Activation of human mitochondrial lysyl-tRNA synthetase upon maturation of its premitochondrial precursor.
74  LysRS to bind to tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 Ability of wild-type and mutant lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA(Lys) incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
75  LysRS to promote tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
aaRSs (1 time)
tIFs (1 time)
2003 Functional dissection of the eukaryotic-specific tRNA-interacting factor of lysyl-tRNA synthetase.
76  LysRS upon tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2003 Specific inhibition of the synthesis of human lysyl-tRNA synthetase results in decreases in tRNA(Lys) incorporation, tRNA(3)(Lys) annealing to viral RNA, and viral infectivity in human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
77  LysRS was found to misaminoacylate tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Ile (1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2014 Relaxed substrate specificity leads to extensive tRNA mischarging by Streptococcus pneumoniae class I and class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
78  LysRS, produced an energy-minimized model where Gag, tRNA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2010 Packaging HIV virion components through dynamic equilibria of a human tRNA synthetase.
79  LysRS, which binds poorly to tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 Ability of wild-type and mutant lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA(Lys) incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
80  LysRS, which binds to but does not aminoacylate tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 Ability of wild-type and mutant lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA(Lys) incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
81  LysRS-mediated amino-acylation of tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
Vpr (1 time)
1998 Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral protein R (Vpr) interacts with Lys-tRNA synthetase: implications for priming of HIV-1 reverse transcription.
82  LysS was inhibited by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LysS (1 time)
2016 Lysyl-tRNA synthetase from Myxococcus xanthus catalyzes the formation of diadenosine penta- and hexaphosphates from adenosine tetraphosphate.
83  lysV leading to a 2- to 3-fold increase in tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1996 The growth defect in Escherichia coli deficient in peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase is due to starvation for Lys-tRNA(Lys).
84  lysyl residues
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
apoB (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
MPM (1 time)
2000 Macrophage receptors responsible for distinct recognition of low density lipoprotein containing pyrrole or pyridinium adducts: models of oxidized low density lipoprotein.
85  lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS), and tRNA
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 The selective packaging and annealing of primer tRNALys3 in HIV-1.
86  lysyl-tRNA synthetase and studies of its interaction with tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Solution structure of the anticodon-binding domain of Escherichia coli lysyl-tRNA synthetase and studies of its interaction with tRNA(Lys).
87  lysyl-tRNA synthetase can interact with tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Solution structure of the anticodon-binding domain of Escherichia coli lysyl-tRNA synthetase and studies of its interaction with tRNA(Lys).
88  lysyl-tRNA synthetase complexed with E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Asp (1 time)
1996 The crystal structures of T. thermophilus lysyl-tRNA synthetase complexed with E. coli tRNA(Lys) and a T. thermophilus tRNA(Lys) transcript: anticodon recognition and conformational changes upon binding of a lysyl-adenylate analogue.
89  lysyl-tRNA synthetase efficiently aminoacylates both mammalian and yeast tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Functional replacement of hamster lysyl-tRNA synthetase by the yeast enzyme requires cognate amino acid sequences for proper tRNA recognition.
90  lysyl-tRNA synthetase results in decreases in tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2003 Specific inhibition of the synthesis of human lysyl-tRNA synthetase results in decreases in tRNA(Lys) incorporation, tRNA(3)(Lys) annealing to viral RNA, and viral infectivity in human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
91  lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LysRS (1 time)
2004 Ability of wild-type and mutant lysyl-tRNA synthetase to facilitate tRNA(Lys) incorporation into human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
92  Lysylendoprotease
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CuOOH (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
2001 Phosphorylation of native and heme-modified CYP3A4 by protein kinase C: a mass spectrometric characterization of the phosphorylated peptides.
93  N-acetyl-Lys-tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Phe (1 time)
1979 Codon-anticodon interaction at the ribosomal P (peptidyl-tRNA)site.
94  NH2-Ala-Lys-Gly
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 Solubilization and purification of Artemia salina (Na,K)-activated ATPase and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of its larger subunit.
95  non-lysyl transfer RNAs (tRNAs) in addition to the tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
tRNAs (1 time)
2011 HIV-1 modulates the tRNA pool to improve translation efficiency.
96  poly-lysine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
1988 Superoxide production from nonenzymatically glycated protein.
97  Pz-lysine
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AAPH (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
2018 In vitro antioxidant and cytoprotective properties of Maillard reaction products from phloridzin-amino acid model systems.
98  SF-poly-l-lysine
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
LbL (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2017 Interfacial Shear Strength and Adhesive Behavior of Silk Ionomer Surfaces.