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Abbreviation: MAD
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Long forms: 262

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multiwavelength anomalous diffraction
(256 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(94 times)
MIR (11 times)
SAD (11 times)
SeMet (10 times)
1988 Crystal structure of Clostridium acidi-urici ferredoxin at 5-A resolution based on measurements of anomalous X-ray scattering at multiple wavelengths.
mean absolute deviation
(222 times)
Chemistry
(66 times)
DFT (15 times)
DSC (12 times)
RMSE (11 times)
1997 Altered basal and adenosine-mediated protein flux from coronary arterioles isolated from exercise-trained pigs.
mandibular advancement device
(180 times)
Dentistry
(62 times)
OSA (97 times)
AHI (65 times)
CPAP (41 times)
0 The Effects of Mandibular Advancement Device on Pressure Pain Threshold of Masticatory Muscles: A Prospective Controlled Cohort Study.
mean absolute difference
(105 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
MARD (12 times)
ICC (11 times)
ICCs (8 times)
1995 Accuracy and reliability of weight change determinations in a model infant weighing less than 750 grams.
mechanical axis deviation
(62 times)
Orthopedics
(44 times)
MPTA (17 times)
LDFA (12 times)
HTO (8 times)
1994 Accuracy of correction of complex lower-extremity deformities by the Ilizarov method.
modified Atkins diet
(56 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
KD (29 times)
GLUT1-DS (5 times)
LGIT (5 times)
2008 The modified Atkins diet.
multiple ascending dose
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
SAD (36 times)
PK (13 times)
PD (7 times)
2006 Pharmacokinetics of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole in healthy subjects after single and multiple doses of a novel formulation.
mesophilic anaerobic digestion
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
TAD (10 times)
COM (4 times)
HRT (4 times)
2001 Effect of drying and composting biosolids on the movement of nitrate and phosphate through repacked soil columns under steady-state hydrological conditions.
Mandibuloacral dysplasia
(29 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
LMNA (4 times)
FPLD (3 times)
HGPS (3 times)
1991 Insulin-resistant diabetes mellitus and hypermetabolism in mandibuloacral dysplasia: a newly recognized form of partial lipodystrophy.
10  malondialdehyde
(24 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
SOD (12 times)
TC (4 times)
TG (4 times)
1987 Responsiveness of cardiac adenylate cyclase in the normal and ischemic myocardium. Role of oxygen free radicals.
11  mothers against decapentaplegic
(20 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BMP (6 times)
TGF-beta (5 times)
dpp (4 times)
1996 Xenopus mothers against decapentaplegic is an embryonic ventralizing agent that acts downstream of the BMP-2/4 receptor.
12  minimum acceptable diet
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
MMF (15 times)
MDD (14 times)
IYCF (5 times)
2015 Complementary feeding practices and child growth outcomes in Haiti: an analysis of data from Demographic and Health Surveys.
13  myoadenylate deaminase
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CPT (2 times)
PFK (2 times)
CPX (1 time)
1985 The relation between blood lactate and ammonia in ischemic handgrip exercise.
14  maximum administered dose
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
MTD (10 times)
DLT (8 times)
PK (3 times)
1999 Evaluation of rodent-only toxicology for early clinical trials with novel cancer therapeutics.
15  microwave-assisted derivatization
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
GC/MS (3 times)
CSR (2 times)
dual-UADLLME (2 times)
2006 An improved microwave Clevenger apparatus for distillation of essential oils from orange peel.
16  mucosal atomization device
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
CRS (4 times)
CI (3 times)
i.n (3 times)
0 Intranasal Midazolam Sedation in a Pediatric Emergency Dental Clinic.
17  mean adjusted difference
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
ADT (5 times)
AMS (3 times)
T2D (3 times)
2014 Effect of testosterone treatment on glucose metabolism in men with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
18  mitral annular displacement
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LIN (4 times)
LV (4 times)
CASA (3 times)
1993 Sampling factors influencing accuracy of sperm kinematic analysis.
19  major affective disorder
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ATD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1980 Frequency of schizophrenia and depression in a black inpatient population.
20  mixed anxiety-depression
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
GAD (3 times)
MD (2 times)
OCD (1 time)
1993 Mixed anxiety and depression: diagnostic issues.
21  mean abdominal diameter
(10 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
BPD (7 times)
FL (4 times)
AC (2 times)
1985 [Antenatal assessment of intrauterine growth retardation by ultrasonic fetal biometry and non-stress fetal heart rate testing].
22  mean amplitude deviation
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PA (3 times)
ENMO (2 times)
APE (1 time)
2015 A universal, accurate intensity-based classification of different physical activities using raw data of accelerometer.
23  mixed anxiety-depressive disorder
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
BPD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1997 [Sertraline in the treatment of mixed anxiety and depression disorder].
24  maximum acceptable dose
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
PTV (2 times)
UVR (2 times)
AML (1 time)
1999 Salmeterol reduces the need for inhaled corticosteroid in steroid-dependent asthmatics.
25  mitral annular diameter
(8 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
IMR (3 times)
TH (3 times)
LV (2 times)
1991 [The prevalence and clinical features of pathologically abnormal mitral valve leaflets (myxomatous mitral valve) in the mitral valve prolapse syndrome: an echocardiographic and pathological comparative study].
26  mass-average diameter
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SDFT (4 times)
CFI (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
1997 Comparison of collagen fibril populations in the superficial digital flexor tendons of exercised and nonexercised thoroughbreds.
27  maximal axial diameter
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NPC (4 times)
IMRT (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2011 Refinement of selection criteria to perform ultrasound guided aspiration cytology during follow-up in patients with early staged oral cavity carcinoma and initially cN0 necks.
28  mean adjusted delay
(7 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
FR (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2005 Impulsivity (delay discounting) as a predictor of acquisition of IV cocaine self-administration in female rats.
29  microwave-assisted digestion
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
FAAS (2 times)
ICP-MS (2 times)
UAE (2 times)
2008 Application of micro-solid-phase extraction for the determination of persistent organic pollutants in tissue samples.
30  mitochondrial-associated degradation
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ERAD (3 times)
CMV (1 time)
HSV (1 time)
2011 Mitochondrial quality control by the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
31  Mitral annular disjunction
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
MVP (3 times)
CMR (2 times)
2010 Mitral annular disjunction in myxomatous mitral valve disease: a relevant abnormality recognizable by transthoracic echocardiography.
32  mutual acceptance of data
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GLP (5 times)
OECD (5 times)
TFs (2 times)
1993 Benefits of Good Laboratory Practice as a tool to improve testing.
33  methylandrostenediol
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DOC (2 times)
18-hydroxy-DOC (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
1955 On a singular ovarian change produced by methylandrostenediol (MAD).
34  maximal aortic diameter
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IMH (4 times)
PAU (2 times)
BVI (1 time)
2008 The role of false lumen size in prediction of in-hospital complications after acute type B aortic dissection.
35  maximum absorbable dose
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AUC (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
1998 Phase I study of E7010.
36  mean age of death
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
GAMs (1 time)
MICE (1 time)
SES (1 time)
2007 Immunocontraception and increased longevity in equids.
37  mean average deviation
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
LCL (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of several economical computational methods for geometry optimization of phosphorus acid derivatives.
38  mitotic arrest deficient
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BUB (3 times)
APC/C (1 time)
ASK (1 time)
2004 Modulation of gene expression in human central nervous system tumors under methionine deprivation-induced stress.
39  monoolein aqueous dispersions
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PCS (4 times)
cryo-TEM (3 times)
CUR (2 times)
2013 Evaluation of monooleine aqueous dispersions as tools for topical administration of curcumin: characterization, in vitro and ex-vivo studies.
40  mycophenolic adenine dinucleotide
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IMPDH (4 times)
MPA (2 times)
NAD (2 times)
1998 Synthesis of a methylenebis(phosphonate) analogue of mycophenolic adenine dinucleotide: a glucuronidation-resistant MAD analogue of NAD.
41  Madecassoside
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2014 Madecassoside ameliorates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice by downregulating collagen deposition.
42  magnetic anomaly detection
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CWD (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2014 Energy detection based on undecimated discrete wavelet transform and its application in magnetic anomaly detection.
43  matrix-associated deacetylase
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
hr (2 times)
APL (1 time)
arglu1 (1 time)
2001 The hairless gene mutated in congenital hair loss disorders encodes a novel nuclear receptor corepressor.
44  maximal accrual diversity
(4 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(3 times)
DAR (3 times)
PDO (3 times)
SAR (3 times)
2018 Assessing and Interpreting the Within-Body Biogeography of Human Microbiome Diversity.
45  maximal androgen deprivation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
--- 1995 Controversies in the treatment of prostate cancer with maximal androgen deprivation.
46  maximum activation direction vector
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
i-VC (1 time)
1990 Spatial properties of second-order vestibulo-ocular relay neurons in the alert cat.
47  mean absolute surface distance
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DSC (4 times)
MAXD (4 times)
IVH (2 times)
2013 Three-dimensional prostate segmentation using level set with shape constraint based on rotational slices for 3D end-firing TRUS guided biopsy.
48  mean aerodynamic diameter
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
APIs (1 time)
APS (1 time)
APSD (1 time)
2013 Pulmonary and cardiovascular responses of rats to inhalation of silver nanoparticles.
49  mean apnea duration
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AHI (3 times)
OSA (3 times)
ESS (2 times)
1994 Changes in obstructive sleep apnea characteristics through the night.
50  metastable atom-activated dissociation
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CID (2 times)
ETD (2 times)
ECD (1 time)
2012 Comparison of CID, ETD and metastable atom-activated dissociation (MAD) of doubly and triply charged phosphorylated tau peptides.
51  multi-element asynchronous dynamic
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2011 Visual search in a multi-element asynchronous dynamic (MAD) world.
52  multiple acyl CoA dehydrogenase
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
MCAD (2 times)
3LHAD (1 time)
FAO (1 time)
1991 Rapid diagnosis of medium-chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency by measurement of cis-4-decenoic acid in plasma.
53  multiple aperture device
(4 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
2016 Design of dual multiple aperture devices for dynamical fluence field modulated CT.
54  maximum allowable difference
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
WBC (1 time)
2008 Survival and recovery of apheresis platelets stored in a polyolefin container with high oxygen permeability.
55  Mean Absolute Deviation from the chronological age
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
APM (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2019 DNA methylation of the ELOVL2, FHL2, KLF14, C1orf132/MIR29B2C, and TRIM59 genes for age prediction from blood, saliva, and buccal swab samples.
56  Measuring Active Drag
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ATM (1 time)
1999 Determining propulsive force in front crawl swimming: a comparison of two methods.
57  methylaluminum bis(2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenoxide)
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMF (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1998 Radical Cyclization/beta-Elimination Tandem Reactions: Enantiopure Sulfoxides as Temporary Chiral Auxiliaries.
58  Modulated-alignment dual-axis
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DAC (2 times)
FMM (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2014 Modulated-alignment dual-axis (MAD) confocal microscopy for deep optical sectioning in tissues.
59  monoacetyldapsone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DDS-NOH (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1978 Simultaneous analysis of dapsone and monoacetyldapsone employing high performance liquid chromatography: a rapid method for determination of acetylator phenotype.
60  Moroccan dirhams
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2010 Socioeconomic status and tobacco expenditures among Moroccans: results of the "Maroc Tabagisme" survey.
61  motion-adaptive delivery
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
MLC (1 time)
2008 Real-time motion-adaptive delivery (MAD) using binary MLC: II. Rotational beam (tomotherapy) delivery.
62  multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation disorders
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BTFMB (1 time)
CoA (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
1987 Clinical and biochemical variation and family studies in the multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation disorders.
63  multiple antigen detection
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HRPase (2 times)
ICE (1 time)
1998 Expression of multiple apoptosis-regulatory genes in human breast cancer cell lines and primary tumors.
64  magnetic activator device
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MAD II (1 time)
1993 Magnetic activator device II (MAD II) for correction of Class II, division 1 malocclusions.
65  magnetization-alignment-demagnetization
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
Te (1 time)
2009 Alignment of tellurium nanorods via a magnetization-alignment-demagnetization ("MAD") process assisted by an external magnetic field.
66  mass allele detection
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ECL (1 time)
1996 Mass allele detection (MAD) of rare 5-HT1A structural variants with allele-specific amplification and electrochemiluminescent detection.
67  MAX dimerization protein
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BMMNCs (1 time)
DDIT3 (1 time)
ETV1 (1 time)
2004 [Transcriptome profiling of marrow mononuclear cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome using cDNA microarray analysis].
68  maximal aneurysm diameter
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
IAVC (1 time)
2004 Changes in abdominal aortic aneurysm size after endovascular repair with Zenith, AneuRx, and custom-made stent-grafts.
69  maximum diameter
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MRI (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
1996 [Value of asymmetry criterion in MRI for the diagnosis of small pelvic lymphadenopathies (inferior or equal to 1 cm)].
70  McArdle's disease
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 [Analysis of 12 cases of McArdle's disease diagnosed after 30 years].
71  mean absorbed dose
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CNR (1 time)
1989 [Evaluation of the absorbed dosage in Compton tomography].
72  mean apnea-hypopnea duration
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AHI (2 times)
OSA (2 times)
PSG (2 times)
2016 Mean apnea-hypopnea duration (but not apnea-hypopnea index) is associated with worse hypertension in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
73  mean axis deviation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
JLCA (2 times)
MPTA (2 times)
TSF (2 times)
2016 Gradual Deformity Correction in Blount Disease.
74  mean axon diameter
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
QSI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
iNPH (1 time)
2010 Quantifying axon diameter and intra-cellular volume fraction in excised mouse spinal cord with q-space imaging.
75  measles associated diarrhea
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MRP (1 time)
1994 Measles associated diarrhea and pneumonia in south India.
76  medical aid in dying
(2 times)
Quality of Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2014 Getting MAD (Medical Aid in Dying) in Canada.
77  membrane-addressing domain
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
APOL1 (1 time)
GS (1 time)
PFD (1 time)
2009 The apolipoprotein L family of programmed cell death and immunity genes rapidly evolved in primates at discrete sites of host-pathogen interactions.
78  mesenchymal alternative differentiation
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Skeletal muscle satellite cells can spontaneously enter an alternative mesenchymal pathway.
79  Meta-analysis derived
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
LS (1 time)
MTGDR (1 time)
2012 Meta-analysis derived (MAD) transcriptome of psoriasis defines the "core" pathogenesis of disease.
80  metachromatic agar-diffusion
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
--- 1972 Metachromatic agar-diffusion microslide technique for detecting staphylococcal nuclease in foods.
81  metaphyseal anadysplasia
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ECM (1 time)
1999 Metaphyseal anadysplasia: evidence of genetic heterogeneity.
82  microwave-assisted acid digestion procedure
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Se (1 time)
2020 Selenium Contents in Different Types of Raw and Processed Meat Products, Consumed Among the General Population of Pakistan.
83  microwave-assisted desorption
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
HS-SPME (2 times)
GC (1 time)
2004 Determination of aniline in silica gel sorbent by one-step in situ microwave-assisted desorption coupled to headspace solid-phase microextraction and GC-FID.
84  microwave-assisted distillation
(2 times)
Biochemical Phenomena
(2 times)
MHG (2 times)
EXT (1 time)
GSLs (1 time)
2020 Microwave-Assisted versus Conventional Isolation of Glucosinolate Degradation Products from Lunaria annua L. and Their Cytotoxic Activity.
85  minimum analgesic dose
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MNTD (1 time)
2003 [(3-Chlorophenyl)piperazinylpropyl]pyridazinones and analogues as potent antinociceptive agents.
86  minimum anesthetic dose
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
RR (1 time)
1988 Minimum anesthetic dose and cardiopulmonary dose response for halothane in chickens.
87  mixed anxiety disorders
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
SAD (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2017 Children with social anxiety and other anxiety disorders show similar deficits in habitual emotional regulation: evidence for a transdiagnostic phenomenon.
88  moderate acute diverticulitis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SAD (2 times)
POD (1 time)
2013 Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy in moderate and severe diverticulitis: analysis of short-term outcomes in a continuous series of 121 patients.
89  moisture-associated dermatitis
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
Cad (1 time)
MBWs (1 time)
Put (1 time)
2013 Morphological characteristics of and factors related to moisture-associated dermatitis surrounding malignant wounds in breast cancer patients.
90  monoazabutadiene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BDI (2 times)
CO (1 time)
2010 Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactions of Isolable (beta-Diketiminato)Nb(III) Imido Complexes.
91  mood and/or anxiety disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BPD (1 time)
OPD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2007 Psychosocial impairment and treatment utilization by patients with borderline personality disorder, other personality disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and a healthy comparison group.
92  Mover's Assistive Device
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2013 The effect of an on-body assistive device on transverse plane trunk coordination during a load carriage task.
93  10-methyl-9,10-dihydroacridine-10,10-d2
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MAH (1 time)
2003 Hydride-exchange reactions between NADH and NAD+ model compounds under non-steady-state conditions. Apparent and real kinetic isotope effects.
94  2-fluoro-5-maleimidobenzoic acid-linked albumin drug
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2018 2-fluoro-5-maleimidobenzoic acid-linked albumin drug (MAD) delivery for selective systemic targeting of metastatic prostate cancer.
95  acceleration-mean of absolute difference
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2017 Use of Wearable Sensors and Biometric Variables in an Artificial Pancreas System.
96  alpha-methylandrostenediol
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
18-hydroxy-DOC (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
1980 Peripheral serum corticosteroid concentrations in relation to the rat adrenal cortical circadian rhythm in androgen-induced hypertension.
97  deviation-mean absolute deviation
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2017 The laminar organization of the motor cortex in monodactylous mammals: a comparative assessment based on horse, chimpanzee, and macaque.
98  M derterminant
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
2008 [Conserved amino-acid residue mutations in epitope of human cytomegalovirus antigen M].
99  MA dilation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
A-P (1 time)
CH (1 time)
FMR (1 time)
2017 Modelling of Lesions Associated with Functional Mitral Regurgitation in an Ex Vivo Platform.
100  Machine-Aided Diagnosis
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CBCL (1 time)
DISC-IV (1 time)
2006 From CBCL to DSM: a comparison of two methods to screen for DSM-IV diagnoses using CBCL data.