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Abbreviation: MAF
Appearance Frequency: 1384 time(s)
Long forms: 170

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
minor allele frequency
(706 times)
Genetics, Medical
(126 times)
SNPs (161 times)
GWAS (77 times)
SNP (67 times)
1991 Motor imagination--a model for motor performances?
macrophage-activating factor
(235 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(146 times)
LPS (32 times)
IFN-gamma (23 times)
IL-2 (22 times)
1976 Hapten-specific responses to contact sensitizers. Use of fluorodinitrobenzene to elicit migration inhibition and macrophage agglutination factors from lymph node cells of contact-sensitive guinea-pigs.
Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue
(57 times)
Rheumatology
(28 times)
FSS (10 times)
RA (10 times)
BASDAI (9 times)
1996 Psychosocial correlates of fatigue in multiple sclerosis.
Micro-Angiographic Fluoroscope
(34 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FPD (10 times)
LII (6 times)
CAPIDS (5 times)
2005 A Prototype Micro-Angiographic Fluoroscope and Its Application in Animal Studies.
master apical file
(26 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SEM (7 times)
EDTA (3 times)
CAP (2 times)
2002 Influence of calcium hydroxide intracanal medication on apical seal.
mutant allele fraction
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PFS (5 times)
mCRC (4 times)
NGS (4 times)
2016 Development and validation of an ultra-high sensitive next-generation sequencing assay for molecular diagnosis of clinical oncology.
mouse amniotic fluid
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
AFP (7 times)
DNP-Ficoll (2 times)
FLC (2 times)
1975 Suppression of the immune response by alpha-fetoprotein on the primary and secondary antibody response.
musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
CRYGD (2 times)
AQP0 (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2004 Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases.
musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
MAPK (2 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
1987 Musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis. A report of 28 cases and review of the literature.
10  mafosfamide
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
4-HC (2 times)
ALL (2 times)
AML (2 times)
1987 Preclinical and early clinical trial with mafosfamide as immune modulator.
11  MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING
(7 times)
Botany
(5 times)
FLC (5 times)
FRI (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 The downregulation of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) expression in plants with low levels of DNA methylation and by vernalization occurs by distinct mechanisms.
12  moving average filter
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BF (1 time)
BWF (1 time)
cICA (1 time)
2011 Suitability of bilateral filtering for edge-preserving noise reduction in PET.
13  multiphoton autofluorescence
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SHG (5 times)
BWSHG (1 time)
FWSHG (1 time)
2008 Label-free imaging of Drosophila larva by multiphoton autofluorescence and second harmonic generation microscopy.
14  mutation annotation format
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
VCF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2014 Association of oxysterol binding protein-related protein 9 polymorphism with cerebral infarction in Hunan Han population.
15  maximum autocorrelation factor
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PCA (3 times)
BSA (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2007 The regularized iteratively reweighted MAD method for change detection in multi- and hyperspectral data.
16  microcytic anemia factor
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
RSF (3 times)
Hb (2 times)
LHD (2 times)
2012 Evaluation of derived Coulter red blood cell parameters for the assessment of iron deficiency in adults with congenital heart disease.
17  Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CSFv (1 time)
MAFF (1 time)
MHLW (1 time)
2003 Symptom complaints following aerial spraying with biological insecticide Foray 48B.
18  M phi-activating factor
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
LPS (2 times)
M phi (2 times)
PDBu (1 time)
1981 Activation of murine macrophages. I. Different pattern of activation by poly I:C than by lymphokine or LPS.
19  mobile amorphous fraction
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
RAF (3 times)
CF (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2017 Dynamic glass transition of the rigid amorphous fraction in polyurethane-urea/SiO2 nanocomposites.
20  mucosa advancement flap
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AFP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
EOs (1 time)
2010 Mucosal advancement flap versus primary closure after vermilionectomy of the lower lip.
21  magnetic abrasive finishing
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2015 Nano-finishing of BK7 optical glass using magnetic abrasive finishing process.
22  mammary cell-activating factor
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CTI (1 time)
ELP (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
1992 A mammary cell-specific enhancer in mouse mammary tumor virus DNA is composed of multiple regulatory elements including binding sites for CTF/NFI and a novel transcription factor, mammary cell-activating factor.
23  mandibular angle fractures
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (1 time)
GA (1 time)
MMF (1 time)
2013 Clinical indication for intraoperative 3D imaging during open reduction of fractures of the mandibular angle.
24  maximal activity focus
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
DCR (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
1976 [Transcallosal modulation of a focus of maximal activity in the motor cortex].
25  mean aortic flow
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MAP (2 times)
HR (1 time)
MHR (1 time)
1977 Parameters for assessing vibration-induced cardiovascular responses in awake dogs.
26  medical assistance facility
(3 times)
Hospitals
(2 times)
CAH (1 time)
HCFA (1 time)
1991 A model in Montana: ensuring access to care.
27  metanephric adenofibroma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MA (3 times)
WT (2 times)
MST (1 time)
2004 Correlation of radiological and clinical features of metanephric neoplasms in adults.
28  methylammonium formate
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AAF (2 times)
EAF (2 times)
12'CA (1 time)
2009 Methylammonium formate as a mobile phase modifier for totally aqueous reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
29  microglia activation factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LAMP1 (1 time)
2004 Identification of macrophage/microglia activation factor (MAF) associated with late endosomes/lysosomes in microglial cells.
30  Minor Allele Frequencies
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CYP3A4 (1 time)
DGF (1 time)
2013 Frequencies of Functional Polymorphisms in Three Pharmacokinetic Genes of Clinical Interest within the Admixed Puerto Rican Population.
31  Mitochondria activation factor
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
2012 Black tea high-molecular-weight polyphenol increases the motility of sea urchin sperm by activating mitochondrial respiration.
32  mucosa-associated flora
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
UC (1 time)
1984 The microbial flora of the rectal mucosa and faeces of patients with Crohn's disease before and during antimicrobial chemotherapy.
33  multidimensional adaptive filtering
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MSCT (2 times)
2003 [Improvement of the image quality of MSCT of the pelvis with a raw data-based, multidimensional filter].
34  Multiple Alignment Format
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 MafFilter: a highly flexible and extensible multiple genome alignment files processor.
35  8-methylamino-8-demethyl-D-riboflavin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RoF (2 times)
QC (1 time)
RosA (1 time)
1987 Formation of roseoflavin from 8-amino- and 8-methylamino-8-demethyl-D-riboflavin.
36  macromolecular adhesion factors
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1994 [The effect of macromolecular adhesion factors isolated from the blood serum and liver of mammals on the intensity of protein synthesis and the ATP content in hepatocytes in vitro].
37  magic-angle flipping
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Q(n) species distribution in K2O.2SiO2 glass by 29Si magic angle flipping NMR.
38  malaria attributable fraction
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
LDR-FMA (1 time)
MSP2 (1 time)
2003 Malaria in southern Mozambique: malariometric indicators and malaria case definition in Manhica district.
39  malaria-attributable fever
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
NMFI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
RDTs (1 time)
2011 Strict adherence to malaria rapid test results might lead to a neglect of other dangerous diseases: a cost benefit analysis from Burkina Faso.
40  Malaysian Armed Forces
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BMR (1 time)
NCOs (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2006 Satisfaction with the oral health services. A qualitative study among Non-Commissioned Officers in the Malaysian Armed Forces.
41  malignant ascites fluid
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2002 Malignant ascites fluid (MAF), including ovarian-cancer-associated MAF, contains angiostatin and other factor(s) which inhibit angiogenesis.
42  masking auditory feedback
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AAF (2 times)
APH/AOS (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2010 An experimental investigation of the effect of altered auditory feedback on the conversational speech of adults who stutter.
43  mature adipocyte fraction
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
PER1 (1 time)
2014 Accumulation of adiponectin in inflamed adipose tissues of obese mice.
44  maximum acceptable frequencies
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Maximum acceptable frequencies for females performing a drilling task in different wrist postures.
45  MDR activity factor
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
B-ALL (1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
bDMARD (1 time)
2005 Application of flow cytometry immunophenotyping and multidrug resistance assay in B-cell acute lymphoid leukemia and multiple myeloma.
46  meconium-stained amniotic fluid
(2 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FBP (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
1995 [Administration of pethidine in labor with meconium contaminated amniotic fluid: effect on fetal outcome and respiratory disorders].
47  Meldrum's activated furan
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DASAs (1 time)
2017 A Versatile and Highly Selective Colorimetric Sensor for the Detection of Amines.
48  metabolically available fraction
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BDM (1 time)
CD (1 time)
MAFrate (1 time)
2008 Trophic transfer of Cd from larval chironomids (Chironomus riparius) exposed via sediment or waterborne routes, to zebrafish (Danio rerio): tissue-specific and subcellular comparisons.
49  Metastasis Associated Fibroblasts
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
ERM (1 time)
2018 Brcal Defective Breast Cancer Cells Induce in vitro Transformation of Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) to Metastasis Associated Fibroblasts (MAF).
50  Method of Anatomical Features
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CAOS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HMCP (1 time)
2015 The Parametric Model of the Human Mandible Coronoid Process Created by Method of Anatomical Features.
51  microaggregate filtration
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
CWF (1 time)
CWF-RBC (1 time)
1987 'Spin, cool, and filter' red cells prepared in a regional blood center.
52  Microciona aggregation factor
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
9AA (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
1985 From Beaumont to poison ivy: marine sponge cell aggregation and the secretory basis of inflammation.
53  Microciona prolifera
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PNGase (1 time)
1988 Two cell surface proteins bind the sponge Microciona prolifera aggregation factor.
54  Microciona prolifera aggregation factor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NGF (1 time)
1982 Cell binding fragments from a sponge proteoglycan-like aggregation factor.
55  microwave assisted freezing
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
2020 Effect of innovative microwave assisted freezing (MAF) on the quality attributes of apples and potatoes.
56  middle-arm fistula
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AVF (1 time)
dRCF (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2004 The middle-arm fistula: A new native arteriovenous vascular access for hemodialysis patients.
57  mitral annular flutter
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LMIL (2 times)
SMIL (2 times)
MV (1 time)
2011 Feasibility of catheter ablation of mitral annular flutter in patients with prior mitral valve surgery.
58  mixed Amberlite and ferrihydrite
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DGT (2 times)
2013 Optimization of the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) method for simultaneous assay of potassium and plant-available phosphorus in soils.
59  modified acid-fast
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2000 Coxiella burnetii infection is associated with placentitis in cases of bovine abortion.
60  monocyte activating factor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CL (2 times)
FcgammaR (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1989 The effect of interleukin 2 on Fc-gamma receptor function of human monocytes requires specific intercellular interaction.
61  mucosal adhesive film
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
PDL (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2003 Topical chemoprevention of oral cancer with tretinoin "biofilm".
62  multidrug activity factor
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CdA (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2009 Glucosylceramide synthase inhibitors sensitise CLL cells to cytotoxic agents without reversing P-gp functional activity.
63  multidrug resistance activity factor
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
MDR (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
AML (1 time)
2001 Calcein assay for multidrug resistance reliably predicts therapy response and survival rate in acute myeloid leukaemia.
64  multiple-acquisition-frame
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DVR (1 time)
EBE (1 time)
NHPs (1 time)
2005 Motion artifact reduction on parametric PET images of neuroreceptor binding.
65  25-O-methylalisol F
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ANG (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2018 Novel RAS inhibitor 25-O-methylalisol F attenuates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and tubulo-interstitial fibrosis by selectively inhibiting TGF-beta-mediated Smad3 phosphorylation.
66  activities-macrophage activating factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1983 Functional identity between murine gamma interferon and macrophage activating factor.
67  association--minor allele frequency
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Association of the FOXO3A locus with extreme longevity in a southern Italian centenarian study.
68  IMP activating factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DMS (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1989 Implication of activation of intraperitoneal macrophages with bio-degradable microspheres.
69  M. amblycephala fin cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HSEs (1 time)
HSP70 (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2014 Study on the immune response to recombinant Hsp70 protein from Megalobrama amblycephala.
70  maceration-alcoholic fermentation
(1 time)
MLF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2020 Feasibility of using integrated fingerprinting, profiling and chemometrics approach to understand (bio) chemical changes throughout commercial red winemaking: A case study on Merlot.
71  macrofiltration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DCMD (1 time)
UF (1 time)
2019 Application of direct contact membrane distillation for saline dairy effluent treatment: performance and fouling analysis.
72  Macrophage Arming Factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Lymphocyte induced macrophage cytotoxicity: characterization of the macrophage cytotoxicity-inducing lymphocyte.
73  macular autofluorescence
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2015 Macular auto-fluorescence is a follow-up parameter for cystoids macular edema.
74  MAF values in the patient cohort
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ENPP1 (1 time)
PXE (1 time)
2014 Variants in genes encoding pyrophosphate metabolizing enzymes are associated with Pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
75  mafenide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
GSDMD (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2020 Investigation on the mechanism of mafenide in inhibiting pyroptosis and the release of inflammatory factors.
76  mafenide acetate gel
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2007 Management of bioburden with a burn gel that targets nociceptors.
77  mafosfamide cyclohexylamine salt
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CYC (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
IFO (1 time)
2002 In vitro activity of oxazaphosphorines in childhood acute leukemia: preliminary report.
78  major accessory fissures
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
2015 MAJOR ANATOMIC VARIATIONS OF PULMONARY FISSURES AND LOBES ON POSTMORTEM EXAMINATION.
79  major active fraction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2014 Anti-inflammatory activities of an active fraction isolated from the root of Astragalus membranaceus in RAW 264.7 macrophages.
80  major amputation-free
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
BM-MNCs (1 time)
2018 Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Survey of Bone Marrow-Derived Cell Therapy in Critical Limb Ischemia in Japan.
81  male artificial feed
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
FAF (1 time)
MGF (1 time)
2018 Metabolomics investigation of dietary effects on flesh quality in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus).
82  mangiferin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
TTC (1 time)
2019 Mangiferin Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury via MAPK/Nrf-2/HO-1/NF-kappaB In Vitro and In Vivo.
83  mango seed almond fat
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
2004 Mango seed uses: thermal behaviour of mango seed almond fat and its mixtures with cocoa butter.
84  manual assessment of fusion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OCN (1 time)
OPN (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2019 Locally Applied Simvastatin as an Adjunct to Promote Spinal Fusion in Rats.
85  mass air flow
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2015 An LPV Adaptive Observer for Updating a Map Applied to an MAF Sensor in a Diesel Engine.
86  mass airflow sensor(s)
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FFS (1 time)
scfm (1 time)
UTVs (1 time)
2016 Design and Use of a Full Flow Sampling System (FFS) for the Quantification of Methane Emissions.
87  Master Area File
(1 time)
Population
(1 time)
--- 2010 New Directions in the Development of Population Estimates in the United States?
88  maximal aerobic force
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MAOD (1 time)
2016 Determination of VO2-Intensity Relationship and MAOD in Tethered Swimming.
89  maximum absorbance frequency
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
MAR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
SSCD (1 time)
2019 Can Wideband Tympanometry Be Used as a Screening Test for Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence?
90  maximum accelerative force
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MDF (1 time)
MVF (1 time)
1989 Changes in limb loading with lameness for a number of Friesian cattle.
91  maximum acceptable force
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MMH (1 time)
2012 Association between spinal loads and the psychophysical determination of maximum acceptable force during pushing tasks.
92  maximum agreement forest
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2018 Calculating the Unrooted Subtree Prune-and-Regraft Distance.
93  maximum arrest force
(1 time)
Research
(1 time)
CFOI (1 time)
2010 Fall arrest characteristics of a scissor lift.
94  maximum atrial fragmentation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CDZ (1 time)
FAZ (1 time)
RAERP (1 time)
1989 [Effect of mexiletine on human atrial vulnerability].
95  mean absolute fit
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
GLUE (1 time)
GOF (1 time)
2020 Mapping the spatial sources of atmospheric dust using GLUE and Monte Carlo simulation.
96  mean active force
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CSM (1 time)
IR (1 time)
LSM (1 time)
2013 In vitro effects of lidocaine on contractility of circular and longitudinal equine intestinal smooth muscle.
97  mean age of the force of mortality distribution
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
adjMAD (1 time)
cumFM (1 time)
KM (1 time)
1978 Competing-risk analysis of leukemia and nonleukemia mortality in X-irradiated, male RF mice.
98  mean arterial flow
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
EEP (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2018 Influence of cannula positioning on brain injury during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
99  mean ascending aortic flow
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BCO (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1989 Effects of fentanyl on carotid sinus baroreflex control of circulation in rabbits.
100  mean attack frequency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MAI (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
RFA (1 time)
2009 Sphenopalatine ganglion radiofrequency ablation for the management of chronic cluster headache.