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Abbreviation: MAL
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Long forms: 158

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
methyl aminolevulinate
(224 times)
Dermatology
(136 times)
PDT (161 times)
ALA (63 times)
AK (51 times)
2002 Weekly topical application of methyl aminolevulinate followed by light exposure delays the appearance of UV-induced skin tumours in mice.
Motor Activity Log
(130 times)
Rehabilitation
(78 times)
WMFT (41 times)
FMA (40 times)
ARAT (27 times)
1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy for motor recovery in chronic stroke patients.
median arcuate ligament
(54 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
SMA (9 times)
CA (8 times)
CACS (8 times)
2006 Endoluminal fundoplication--the Hill procedure.
myelin and lymphocyte protein
(28 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
CNS (3 times)
PMP22 (3 times)
BBB (2 times)
1997 Myelin and lymphocyte protein (MAL/MVP17/VIP17) and plasmolipin are members of an extended gene family.
medullary thick ascending limb
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
AVP (5 times)
PCT (5 times)
DCT (4 times)
1984 Distribution of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase isoenzymes along the rabbit nephron.
Maackia amurensis leukoagglutinin
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SNA (4 times)
TML (3 times)
NeuNAc (2 times)
1994 Wild-type and cultured Ehrlich ascites tumour cells differ in tumorigenicity, lectin binding patterns and binding to basement membranes.
methyl aminolevulinic acid
(18 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
PDT (16 times)
ALA (7 times)
AK (3 times)
2008 Evidence-based review of lasers, light sources and photodynamic therapy in the treatment of acne vulgaris.
Maackia amurensis lectin
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SNA (5 times)
Con A (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1990 Sialyloligosaccharides of the respiratory epithelium in the selection of human influenza virus receptor specificity.
malathion
(12 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
CPF (6 times)
OP (4 times)
AChE (3 times)
2004 Analysis of functional effects of a mixture of five pesticides using a ray design.
10  medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
MCT (7 times)
cAMP-PDIE (3 times)
VP (3 times)
1980 Cellular action of vasopressin in medullary tubules of mice with hereditary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
11  maleate
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Pyr (2 times)
125I-IMT (1 time)
13C MFA (1 time)
1981 Urinary excretion of alpha 2 mu-globulin and albumin by adult male rats following treatment with nephrotoxic agents.
12  malondialdehyde
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MPO (3 times)
i.v (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1994 Reduction of myocardial infarct size in rat by IRFI-048, a selective analogue of vitamin E.
13  maleimide
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PEG (4 times)
DCs (3 times)
NHS (2 times)
2005 Characterization of site-specific ScFv PEGylation for tumor-targeting pharmaceuticals.
14  midaxillary line
(9 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
MCL (5 times)
ICS (4 times)
CWT (2 times)
2004 Micro-geographical variation in exposure to Schistosoma mansoni and malaria, and exacerbation of splenomegaly in Kenyan school-aged children.
15  maximum allowable limits
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Cr (2 times)
Zn (2 times)
Al (1 time)
1992 [The biological effects and criteria for assessing the danger of laser radiation].
16  MyD88-adapter-like
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MyD88 (2 times)
TIR (2 times)
TLR (2 times)
2002 Toll-like receptor signal transduction and the tailoring of innate immunity: a role for Mal?
17  megakaryocytic acute leukemia
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SRF (7 times)
AR (1 time)
GEF (1 time)
2005 Nuclear translocation of the SRF co-activator MAL in cortical neurons: role of RhoA signalling.
18  Methylaspartate ammonia lyase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ADC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1994 Occurrence of 3-Methylaspartate Ammonia-lyase in Facultative Anaerobes and Their Application to Synthesis of 3-Substituted (S)-Aspartic Acids.
19  mammary alveolar lesions
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DMBA (2 times)
MMOC (2 times)
ERalpha (1 time)
1984 Fatty acid-induced modifications of mouse mammary alveolar lesions in organ culture.
20  maximum acceptable loudness
(6 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AEZs (1 time)
EAFD (1 time)
1989 Acceptable loads and locomotor patterns selected in different carriage methods.
21  Malingering Index
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
NIM (5 times)
PAI (4 times)
RDF (4 times)
2007 Detection of malingering of psychiatric disorder with the personality assessment inventory: an investigation of criminal defendants.
22  maltol
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
APT (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
1997 A new antithrombotic agent, aspalatone, attenuated cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin in the mouse; possible involvement of antioxidant mechanism.
23  maltase
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
GGT (1 time)
1988 Comparison of intestinal toxic effects of platinum complexes: cisplatin (CDDP), carboplatin (CBDCA), and iproplatin (CHIP).
24  maltitol
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
XYL (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2007 Long-term effect of xylitol gum use on mutans streptococci in adults.
25  melanoma-associated leucoderma
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
Melan-A (1 time)
2013 Radiation-induced melanoma-associated leucoderma, systemic antimelanoma immunity and disease-free survival in a patient with advanced-stage melanoma: a case report and immunological analysis.
26  methyl ester of 5-aminolevulinic acid
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
PDT (4 times)
CUR (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2007 Methyl aminolevulinate: actinic keratoses and Bowen's disease.
27  Malingering
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
NIM (2 times)
PAI (2 times)
ADI (1 time)
2008 The Assessment of Depression Inventory (ADI): an appraisal of validity in an outpatient sample.
28  maltose-utilizing
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
NLSs (1 time)
2010 Characterization and expression analysis of a maltose-utilizing (MAL) cluster in Aspergillus oryzae.
29  medial amygdala lesions
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
NCE (2 times)
SHAM (2 times)
PCPA (1 time)
1994 Facilitation of copulatory behavior by pCPA treatments following stria terminalis transection but not medial amygdala lesion in the male rat.
30  medullary
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CAL (3 times)
CCT (3 times)
AdC (1 time)
1975 Vasopressin dependent adenylate cyclase in single segments of rabbit kidney tubule.
31  methyl-ALA
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ALA (2 times)
PpIX (2 times)
FS (1 time)
2009 Enhanced efficacy of photodynamic therapy with methyl 5-aminolevulinic acid in recalcitrant periungual warts after ablative carbon dioxide fractional laser: a pilot study.
32  moment arm length
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MR (2 times)
CP (1 time)
DGMo (1 time)
2008 Personalized MR-based musculoskeletal models compared to rescaled generic models in the presence of increased femoral anteversion: effect on hip moment arm lengths.
33  Muscle activity in the legs
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
IMI (1 time)
MAL arousals (1 time)
nCPAP (1 time)
1986 Muscle activity in the legs (MAL) associated with frequent arousals in narcoleptics, nocturnal myoclonus and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients.
34  myelin and lymphocyte
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Etx (2 times)
DLBCL, NOS (1 time)
FRT (1 time)
2017 Performance of a Commercially Available MAL Antibody in the Diagnosis of Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma.
35  myelin and lymphocytes-associated protein
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
NKCC2 (1 time)
2010 MAL/VIP17, a new player in the regulation of NKCC2 in the kidney.
36  magnetic antidot lattice
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
OOMMF (1 time)
2018 Relaxation dynamics in magnetic antidot lattice arrays of Co/Pt with perpendicular anisotropy.
37  mal T-cell differentiation protein
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CADM1 (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
DAL-1 (1 time)
2015 Suppression of MAL gene expression is associated with colorectal cancer metastasis.
38  mal-aligned
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
ASD (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
2018 The impact of age on surgical goals for spinopelvic alignment in minimally invasive surgery for adult spinal deformity.
39  malic
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cin (1 time)
CIT (1 time)
Fum (1 time)
2011 Sorption of arsenite and arsenate on ferrihydrite: effect of organic and inorganic ligands.
40  malnourished
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
EN (1 time)
IN (1 time)
1987 Effects of early experience on responsiveness to ethanol: a preliminary report.
41  malononitrile
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
A-pi-A (1 time)
DCIND (1 time)
IND (1 time)
2008 Nonlinear optical chromophores with pyrrole moieties as the conjugated bridge: enhanced NLO effects and interesting optical behavior.
42  maltodextrin
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CON (1 time)
HMS (1 time)
2011 Ingestion of a high-molecular-weight hydrothermally modified waxy maize starch alters metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in trained cyclists.
43  maltodextrin solution
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CHO (2 times)
CON (2 times)
GLU (2 times)
2011 Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on maximal sprint performance in competitive male cyclists.
44  maltreatment
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
CTQ (1 time)
2007 Decreased adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol responses to stress in healthy adults reporting significant childhood maltreatment.
45  mamillo-accessory ligament
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MAN (1 time)
1981 The lumbar mamillo--accessory ligament. Its anatomical and neurosurgical significance.
46  mean attachment loss
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV (1 time)
1992 Risk indicators for future clinical attachment loss in adult periodontitis. Tooth and site variables.
47  Measure of Activity Limitation
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HAQ (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2007 Development and validation of a patient-centred Measure of Activity Limitation (MAL) in rheumatoid arthritis.
48  medullary thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CCT (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
1983 Short-term effects of aldosterone and dexamethasone on Na-K-ATPase along the rabbit nephron.
49  meta-analysis of the literature
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1993 Meta-analysis of the literature or of individual patient data: is there a difference?
50  methyl aminolevulinate cream
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
AK (1 time)
ALA (1 time)
BCCs (1 time)
2015 Protoporphyrin IX formation after topical application of methyl aminolaevulinate and BF-200 aminolaevulinic acid declines with age.
51  methyl-ester of ALA
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALA (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2007 Biochemical manipulation via iron chelation to enhance porphyrin production from porphyrin precursors.
52  Microbiological Stability Limit
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CCD (2 times)
GFSE (1 time)
2008 Study on the synergic effect of natural compounds on the microbial quality decay of packed fish hamburger.
53  mitral antero-lateral
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
IE (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1983 [Pathology of the papillary muscles].
54  mixed-lineage acute leukemia
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
EGIL (1 time)
2007 [Clinical characteristics and immunophenotypes of mixed-lineage acute leukemia].
55  modified anterior line
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
LAF (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2010 The modified anterior line: an alternative linear lesion in perimitral flutter.
56  multimeric alpha-lactalbumin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Multimeric alpha-lactalbumin from human milk induces apoptosis through a direct effect on cell nuclei.
57  multiple air-lift loop reactor
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
--- 1993 Hydrodynamics and mixing in a multiple air-lift loop reactor.
58  mutation accumulation lines
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
rRNA (1 time)
2014 Opposing forces of A/T-biased mutations and G/C-biased gene conversions shape the genome of the nematode Pristionchus pacificus.
59  MyD88-adaptor-like protein
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
F-ProTalpha (1 time)
G6PD (1 time)
HbS (1 time)
2009 Toll-like receptor polymorphisms in malaria-endemic populations.
60  PEG-maleimide
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PEI-PEG (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of the transfection property of a peptide ligand for the fibroblast growth factor receptor as part of PEGylated polyethylenimine polyplex.
61  4-maleimide-TEMPO spin labeling compound
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
1991 Effects of oxygen radicals on the conformation of sulfhydryl groups on human polymorphonuclear leukocyte membranes.
62  anthocyanidins-malvidin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MXT (1 time)
PEL (1 time)
2016 Impact of Anthocyanidins on Mitoxantrone-Induced Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity: An In Vitro and In Vivo Analysis.
63  daylight-methyl aminolevulinate
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BCCs (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2014 Daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy of basal cell carcinomas - an explorative study.
64  L-malate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DHB (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
1985 Selective hepatic vagotomy eliminates the hypophagic effect of different metabolites.
65  M cell associated leukocytes
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
2004 Analysis of adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte homing into the basolateral pockets of mouse Peyer's patch M cells.
66  Maastricht-Amsterdam List
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of Exercise on Functional Mobility in Adults with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review.
67  macrolide, azalide, lincosamide
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vitro activity of the new ketolide ABT-773 against community acquired respiratory tract isolates and Viridans Streptococci.
68  made from left
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
SCM (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2004 Associations between pain and neuromuscular activity in the human jaw and neck muscles.
69  major archaeal lineages
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
2016 Gene Acquisitions from Bacteria at the Origins of Major Archaeal Clades Are Vastly Overestimated.
70  MAL-AOU and MAL-QOM
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ARAT (1 time)
FMA-UE (1 time)
MBI (1 time)
2015 Effects of modified constraint-induced movement therapy combined with trunk restraint in chronic stroke: A double-blinded randomized controlled pilot trial.
71  Mal-TF
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CHES (1 time)
FEV (1 time)
KBA (1 time)
2018 In Vivo Modulation of Rat Liver Microsomal Cytochrome P450 Activity by Antimalarial, Anti-HIV, and Antituberculosis Plant Medicines.
72  MAL3-101
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
MIBC (1 time)
STA (1 time)
2018 Dual targeting of HSP70 does not induce the heat shock response and synergistically reduces cell viability in muscle invasive bladder cancer.
73  malaoxon
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2017 Involvement of superoxide in malaoxon-induced toxicity in primary cultures of cortical neurons.
74  Malaria infection
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
1999 Effects of Plasmodium berghei infection on cytochromes P-450 2E1 and 3A2.
75  malaria-endemic municipality
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
FREE (1 time)
2013 Comparative study of distribution of anopheline vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) in areas with and without malaria transmission in the highlands of an extra-Amazonian region in Brazil.
76  Malaysia
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
HIR (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2014 Immune response to influenza vaccine and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine under IL-6 signal inhibition therapy with tocilizumab.
77  maldevelopment
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PV WM (1 time)
2019 Hand function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy.
78  male effect
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DBH (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
SRE (1 time)
2002 [Analysis of genetic effects for growth traits of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. in a 6 x 6 diallel design].
79  maleic acid
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EX (1 time)
MA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2008 Dissolution improvement and the mechanism of the improvement from cocrystallization of poorly water-soluble compounds.
80  maleimide spin label
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
1988 Characterization of protein spin labeling by maleimide: evidence for nitroxide reduction.
81  males
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
HOC (1 time)
1977 The clinical profile of male transsexuals living as females vs. those living as males.
82  Maleteknisk Arbejdshygiejnisk Luftbehov
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
OPIs (1 time)
VHR (1 time)
2009 Comparative evaluation of overexposure potential indices used in solvent substitution.
83  malignancies
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BEN (1 time)
CYS (1 time)
INF (1 time)
2010 Clinical features of nonpituitary sellar lesions in a large surgical series.
84  malignant
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
OCCs (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2003 Pleural mesothelial cell (PMC) defense mechanisms against malignancy.
85  malignant form
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EOT (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
2012 The zinc finger gene ZIC2 has features of an oncogene and its overexpression correlates strongly with the clinical course of epithelial ovarian cancer.
86  Malinckrodt
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
NEN (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1980 Comparative performance of three radioimmunoassays for prostatic acid phosphatase.
87  Malinois dog breed
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AM-MAL (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
MWD (1 time)
2013 Characterization of a dopamine transporter polymorphism and behavior in Belgian Malinois.
88  Mallorquina
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
CN (1 time)
MON (1 time)
2007 Genetic diversity and relationships of endangered Spanish cattle breeds.
89  malonate ligand
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1998 NMR and luminescence studies on the formation of ternary adducts between HSA and Ln(III)-malonate complexes.
90  malotilate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
1988 The effects of malotilate on hepatic drug metabolizing systems in different strains of rats.
91  maltose fermentation
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
mal (1 time)
1981 Relationships between trehalose metabolism and maltose utilization in Saccharomyces cerevisiae : II. Effect of Constitutive MAL Genes.
92  maltose-utilization genes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2015 Effects of SNF1 on Maltose Metabolism and Leavening Ability of Baker's Yeast in Lean Dough.
93  maltosine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
FL (1 time)
MRPs (1 time)
2015 Stability of Individual Maillard Reaction Products in the Presence of the Human Colonic Microbiota.
94  malyngolide
(1 time)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
AHL (1 time)
QS (1 time)
2010 Malyngolide from the cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula interferes with quorum sensing circuitry.
95  mammary lavage
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Cellular kinetics of an allergic-type response in a sheep mammary gland model of inflammation.
96  mammary lavage fluid
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
HDME (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2001 Isolation, characterisation and expression of mRNAs encoding the ovine CC chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1alpha and -2.
97  mannosylarabitol lipid
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
MEL (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
2012 Formation of the two novel glycolipid biosurfactants, mannosylribitol lipid and mannosylarabitol lipid, by Pseudozyma parantarctica JCM 11752T.
98  manual afterloading
(1 time)
RAL (1 time)
1990 The costs of low dose rate remote afterloading compared to manual afterloading brachytherapy.
99  mass action law
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Anomalous reaction-transport processes: the dynamics beyond the law of mass action.
100  Master Adaptive Learner
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2018 Exploring the characteristics and context that allow Master Adaptive Learners to thrive.