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Abbreviation: MCD
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Long forms: 310

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
minimal change disease
(502 times)
Nephrology
(254 times)
FSGS (249 times)
NS (67 times)
IgAN (50 times)
1982 Vascular permeability increasing factor (VPF) in IgA nephropathy.
magnetic circular dichroism
(455 times)
Chemistry
(222 times)
EPR (57 times)
CD (53 times)
DFT (43 times)
1972 Theoretical and experimental analysis of a stress-plate modulator for magnetic circular dichroism measurements.
methionine- and choline-deficient
(447 times)
Gastroenterology
(141 times)
NASH (251 times)
NAFLD (109 times)
WT (50 times)
2000 CYP2E1 and CYP4A as microsomal catalysts of lipid peroxides in murine nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
multicentric Castleman's disease
(359 times)
Hematology
(88 times)
KS (108 times)
PEL (107 times)
HHV-8 (105 times)
1992 [Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD): recent knowledge of its pathogenesis].
malformations of cortical development
(151 times)
Neurology
(90 times)
FCD (21 times)
MRI (13 times)
HS (8 times)
1997 Imaging and epilepsy.
methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(119 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
AEA (6 times)
Cav-1 (6 times)
HPCD (5 times)
1987 Release of pertussis toxin and its interaction with outer-membrane antigens.
malonyl-CoA decarboxylase
(80 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
ACC (19 times)
AMPK (13 times)
CPT I (6 times)
1998 Characterization of cardiac malonyl-CoA decarboxylase and its putative role in regulating fatty acid oxidation.
macular corneal dystrophy
(70 times)
Ophthalmology
(49 times)
CHST6 (16 times)
KS (12 times)
PCR (8 times)
1977 Macular corneal dystrophy. Studies of sulfated glycosaminoglycans in corneal explant and confluent stromal cell cultures.
mast cell density
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
MVD (24 times)
OSCC (10 times)
MCs (7 times)
2000 Mast cell density is associated with angiogenesis and poor prognosis in pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
10  medullary collecting duct
(44 times)
Nephrology
(18 times)
CCD (12 times)
DCT (8 times)
CNT (7 times)
1980 Electrical properties of the medullary collecting duct in the rat.
11  mean consecutive difference
(43 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
SFEMG (12 times)
CNE (6 times)
EDC (6 times)
1974 Calculation of the electromyographic jitter.
12  mast cell degranulating
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
CD (4 times)
LTP (2 times)
PTX (2 times)
1984 Mast cell degranulation in the evolution of acute eruptive guttate psoriasis vulgaris.
13  meningococcal disease
(33 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
CFR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
CRP (3 times)
1983 Sequelae of meningococcal disease - studied about six weeks after hospital admission.
14  multicentric CD
(27 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
CD (27 times)
UCD (14 times)
HHV-8 (5 times)
2009 [Clinical features and prognosis in 49 patients with Castleman's disease].
15  magnetic CD
(26 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
CD (22 times)
Abs (6 times)
TDDFT (4 times)
1995 Magnetic circular dichroism study of the selenium-substituted form (Fe3Se4) of bovine heart aconitase.
16  multiple carboxylase deficiency
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
HCS (8 times)
HLCS (4 times)
MMA (4 times)
1981 Biotin dependent multiple carboxylase deficiency presenting as a congenital lactic acidosis.
17  moral case deliberation
(23 times)
Ethics
(16 times)
CES (3 times)
Euro-MCD (1 time)
2011 Organizing moral case deliberation experiences in two Dutch nursing homes.
18  medial coronoid disease
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
CT (5 times)
MCP (5 times)
SI (2 times)
2009 Subtotal coronoid ostectomy for treatment of medial coronoid disease in 263 dogs.
19  mast cell degranulating peptide
(14 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DTXI (4 times)
4-AP (3 times)
LTP (3 times)
1987 The brain response to the bee venom peptide MCD. Activation and desensitization of a hippocampal target.
20  minimal cerebral dysfunction
(14 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADHD (2 times)
CP (1 time)
MBD (1 time)
1976 [Minimal cerebral dysfunction (MCD) (author's transl)].
21  microvascular coronary dysfunction
(13 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CAD (5 times)
WISE (5 times)
CRT (4 times)
2010 Nonacute coronary syndrome anginal chest pain.
22  mast cell disease
(12 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
MC (3 times)
bFGF (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1996 Immunohistochemical characterization of mast cell disease in paraffin sections using tryptase, CD68, myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, and CD20 antibodies.
23  monochlorodimedone
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CPO (2 times)
AS (1 time)
HPO (1 time)
1988 Determination of peroxidative halogenation in mixtures of chloride and bromide.
24  Metastatic Crohn's disease
(11 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
GI (2 times)
CD (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1996 Metastatic Crohn's disease: a case report.
25  microcrystalline diamond
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
NCD (7 times)
UNCD (4 times)
HFCVD (3 times)
2010 Molybdenum interlayers for nucleation enhancement in diamond CVD growth.
26  mild cognitive disorder
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
MCI (3 times)
AE (1 time)
CDDG (1 time)
1995 ICD-10 mild cognitive disorder: epidemiological evidence on its validity.
27  medullary cystic disease
(9 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
NPH (2 times)
ADPCK (1 time)
ARDCK (1 time)
1978 Clinical, pathological and genetic aspects of a form of cystic disease of the renal medulla: familial juvenile nephronophthisis (FJN).
28  mean central dose
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DHI (3 times)
CONV (2 times)
DNR (2 times)
2001 A method to improve the dose distribution of interstitial breast implants using geometrically optimized stepping source techniques and dose normalization.
29  Mechanochemical destruction
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
POPs (5 times)
HCB (2 times)
CaO (1 time)
2013 Mechanochemical destruction of mirex co-ground with iron and quartz in a planetary ball mill.
30  malonyl-coenzyme A decarboxylase
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2006 Molecular disruption of hypothalamic nutrient sensing induces obesity.
31  MC density
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MCs (4 times)
MM (3 times)
BM (2 times)
2008 Expression of proto-oncogene C-kit and correlation with morphological evaluations in canine cutaneous mast cell tumors.
32  mean endothelial cell density
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CV (4 times)
MCA (4 times)
CCT (2 times)
2006 Corneal endothelial cell density and morphology in normal Iranian eyes.
33  Meesmann's corneal dystrophy
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
PCR (2 times)
HIM (1 time)
KRT12 (1 time)
1997 Mutations in cornea-specific keratin K3 or K12 genes cause Meesmann's corneal dystrophy.
34  mild cognitive dysfunction
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CII (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
Pos.AD (1 time)
1995 Decreased methionine adenosyltransferase activity in erythrocytes of patients with dementia disorders.
35  minimum covariance determinant
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
MVE (2 times)
RFBCSP (2 times)
CSP (1 time)
1998 Outlier detection in multivariate analytical chemical data.
36  manual cervical distraction
(5 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
aCD (1 time)
BFT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2013 Intradiscal Pressure Changes during Manual Cervical Distraction: A Cadaveric Study.
37  maximal capillary density
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
BP (2 times)
LBW (2 times)
PORH (2 times)
1991 [Reference values for quantitative image analysis of indocyanine green video-fluorescence angiography].
38  mean compression depth
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
MCR (3 times)
OHCC (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2009 Effects of bed height on the performance of chest compressions.
39  metaphyseal chondrodysplasia
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CHH (2 times)
RMRP (1 time)
1999 [Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia].
40  minimum cylindrical diameter
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
RBCs (3 times)
cSCC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1990 Effect of hypophysectomy and growth hormone substitution on red blood cell morphology and filterability in rats.
41  multiple cause of death
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CRFs (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
HAU (1 time)
2002 Assessing the magnitude of fatal Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States: comparison of two national data sources.
42  mad cow disease
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
BSE (2 times)
AUB (1 time)
vCJD (1 time)
2003 Knowledge, attitude, and behavior of students regarding 'mad cow disease'.
43  magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
MOs (1 time)
1978 Magnetic circular dichroism studies of myoglobin, hemoglobin and peroxidase at room and low temperatures. Ferrous high spin derivatives.
44  main chain directed
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
NAB (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
1987 Two-dimensional 1H NMR study of human ubiquitin: a main chain directed assignment and structure analysis.
45  Medicaid
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MCR (3 times)
CMS (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2000 KIDSCARE: a network for children with special health care needs.
46  methionine-deficient and choline-deficient
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ACO (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1998 S-adenosylmethionine deficiency and TNF-alpha in lipopolysaccharide-induced hepatic injury.
47  minimum curative dose
(4 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CD80 (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1988 Assessment of sensitivity of Trypanosoma congolense to isometamidium chloride: a comparison of tests using cattle and mice.
48  multiple-complete-digest
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
YAC (1 time)
1996 The telomeric and centromeric ends of HLA class I: MCD maps of YAC derived cosmids and sequence analysis of 740 kb of genomic DNA.
49  Municipal Corporation of Delhi
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
KABP (1 time)
NDMC (1 time)
2005 Seasonal fluctuations of dengue fever vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Delhi, India.
50  maximal circumference difference
(3 times)
Lymphatic System
(1 time)
QAI (2 times)
ALND (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2005 Routine antibiotic therapy in the management of the local inflammatory swelling in venomous snakebites: results of a placebo-controlled study.
51  mean cup depth
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CSM (3 times)
RA (3 times)
RV (3 times)
2004 [The diagnostic ability of Heidelberg retina tomography to detect glaucomatous optic neuropathy in Chinese].
52  menstrual cycle day
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2016 Detection of high-risk human papillomavirus using menstrual blood in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or high-risk human papillomavirus infections: A pilot study.
53  metastatic CD
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
2016 Penile and Scrotal Swelling: An Underrecognized Presentation of Crohn's Disease.
54  methionine and choline
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NASH (2 times)
CD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2006 Mice fed a lipogenic methionine-choline-deficient diet develop hypermetabolism coincident with hepatic suppression of SCD-1.
55  microvascular density
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CVF (2 times)
DCM (2 times)
UTMD (2 times)
2001 Review: molecular pathology of cyclooxygenase-2 in cancer-induced angiogenesis.
56  mild cognitive decline
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CDR (2 times)
MMSE (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
2003 [Toward constructing a system for detecting and coping with senile dementia in early stages among community-dwelling older people].
57  minimum coagulant dose
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
SVSPs (1 time)
TLEs (1 time)
2009 Functional and structural analysis of two fibrinogen-activating enzymes isolated from the venoms of Crotalus durissus terrificus and Crotalus durissus collilineatus.
58  molybdopterin cytosine dinucleotide
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2001 Structure refinement of the aldehyde oxidoreductase from Desulfovibrio gigas (MOP) at 1.28 A.
59  mouse cochlea database
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
OPFOS (1 time)
2004 The Digital Cytocochleogram.
60  muscle carnitine deficiency
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCD (2 times)
CCCP (1 time)
dGlc (1 time)
1981 Primary systemic carnitine deficiency. II. Renal handling of carnitine.
61  myocarditis
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DC (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
E4BP4 (1 time)
1996 [Long-term observation of patients with biopsy proven myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy].
62  beta-methyl-cyclodextrin
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Cav-1 (1 time)
CnIV (1 time)
DRM (1 time)
2003 Differential recruitment of alpha2beta1 and alpha4beta1 integrins to lipid rafts in Jurkat T lymphocytes exposed to collagen type IV and fibronectin.
63  mast cell disorders
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
MCASs (1 time)
2017 Insights in Anaphylaxis and Clonal Mast Cell Disorders.
64  maternal cardiac disease
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2016 Maternal arrhythmia and perinatal outcomes.
65  mature C-terminal domain
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ACT (1 time)
FHA (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2012 The prodomain of the Bordetella two-partner secretion pathway protein FhaB remains intracellular yet affects the conformation of the mature C-terminal domain.
66  maximum cell density
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CVs (1 time)
RCD (1 time)
RCF (1 time)
2013 Effective growth of dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum by cultivating the cells using municipal wastewater as nutrient source.
67  maximum coagulation depth
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PWS (1 time)
1987 Comparison of the maximum coagulation depth in human skin for different types of medical lasers.
68  maximum conduction delay
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AERP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
CLs (1 time)
1993 Electrophysiologic effects of a new class III antiarrhythmic agent, E-4031, on atrial flutter, atrial refractoriness, and conduction delay in a canine sterile pericarditis model.
69  mean cell density
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CV (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
PRK (1 time)
1995 The human corneal endothelium after myopic excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy immediate to one-month follow-up.
70  mean value of consecutive differences
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CN-SFEMG (1 time)
IHS (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2001 Neuromuscular transmission in migraine: a single-fiber EMG study in clinical subgroups.
71  mechanical circulatory devices
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
AdHF (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2018 Management of advanced heart failure: a review.
72  mechanical clot disruption
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICA (1 time)
mPS (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2010 Mechanical clot disruption following intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator administration in non-responders.
73  Mechanistic case diagram
(2 times)
Education, Medical
(2 times)
--- 2014 New web-based applications for mechanistic case diagramming.
74  median channel difference
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
GRF (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2006 The virtual crossmatch--a screening tool for sensitized pediatric heart transplant recipients.
75  median clone sizes difference
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
DRD (1 time)
1982 [Dose dependence of reproductive lethal cell damage after X-ray irradiation or exposition to adriamycin at low doses (author's transl)].
76  Medical Center of Delaware
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FMC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1996 Physician performance of preventive care for women.
77  MedsCheck for Diabetes
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
SDM (1 time)
2017 Uptake of Community Pharmacist-Delivered MedsCheck Diabetes Medication Review Service in Ontario between 2010 and 2014.
78  medullary CD
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
ASDN (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2003 Collecting duct-specific gene inactivation of alphaENaC in the mouse kidney does not impair sodium and potassium balance.
79  melphalan, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Efficacy and Safety of Melphalan, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone (MCD) as a Salvage Treatment for Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.
80  Metabolic Control Design
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MCA (1 time)
1993 Metabolic control design.
81  methionine and choline-deficient L-amino acid diet
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FXR (2 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
BA (1 time)
2017 Cycloastragenol improves hepatic steatosis by activating farnesoid X receptor signalling.
82  methylcitrate dehydratase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
MCL (2 times)
MCS (2 times)
ICLs (1 time)
2006 Role of the methylcitrate cycle in Mycobacterium tuberculosis metabolism, intracellular growth, and virulence.
83  microcirculatory disorder
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ANP (2 times)
C group (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2006 Preventive effect of tetramethylpyrazine on intestinal mucosal injury in rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis.
84  microdialysis
(2 times)
Chromatography
(1 time)
CSW (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2001 Energy-related metabolites during and after induced myocardial infarction with special emphasis on the reperfusion injury after extracorporeal circulation.
85  midline cerebral defects
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CNV (1 time)
HPE (1 time)
MLPA (1 time)
2002 Cerebral midline developmental anomalies: endocrine, neuroradiographic and ophthalmological features.
86  Midwife-led Care at Delivery
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
OMC (1 time)
2018 Effects of midwife-led maternity services on postpartum wellbeing and clinical outcomes in primiparous women under China's one-child policy.
87  mitotic cell death
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CDK1 (1 time)
UCC (1 time)
2006 Condensin I recruitment and uneven chromatin condensation precede mitotic cell death in response to DNA damage.
88  moderate cognitive disorders
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
DPN (1 time)
2010 [Approaches to the therapy of neurological presentations in diabetes mellitus].
89  moderate-carbohydrate diet
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
2009 The effects of varying dietary carbohydrate and fat content on survival in a murine LNCaP prostate cancer xenograft model.
90  module correlation density
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
2016 Identification of disrupted pathways in ulcerative colitis-related colorectal carcinoma by systematic tracking the dysregulated modules.
91  molybdenum cofactor deficiency
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
3-PGDD (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
GE (1 time)
1998 Ahomocysteinemia in molybdenum cofactor deficiency.
92  monocistronic design
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BCD (2 times)
LAB (1 time)
sfGFP (1 time)
2018 Development of bicistronic expression system for the enhanced and reliable production of recombinant proteins in Leuconostoc citreum.
93  morphogenesis checkpoint dependent
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GPI (1 time)
PtdEtn (1 time)
PtdSer (1 time)
2001 A genetic screen for ethanolamine auxotrophs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae identifies a novel mutation in Mcd4p, a protein implicated in glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor synthesis.
94  mosquito contamination device
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
LLINs (2 times)
IRS (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2014 Evaluating the efficacy of biological and conventional insecticides with the new 'MCD bottle' bioassay.
95  motoneuron cell death
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
GABA (2 times)
NA (2 times)
SIDS (1 time)
1995 Naturally occurring motoneuron cell death in rat upper respiratory tract motor nuclei: a histological, fast DiI and immunocytochemical study in the hypoglossal nucleus.
96  Motor Conversion Disorders
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADLs (1 time)
ALE (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2014 Specialist inpatient treatment for severe motor conversion disorder: a retrospective comparative study.
97  mucus clearance device
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
2002 Use of a mucus clearance device enhances the bronchodilator response in patients with stable COPD.
98  multicentric lymphadenopathy
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
HHV-8 (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2018 Novel insights and therapeutic approaches in idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease.
99  multicystic dysplasia
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HSK (1 time)
2002 Multicystic dysplasia in one-half of a horseshoe kidney with megaureter and lower ureteric atresia.
100  multislice cardio delta
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
MCI (2 times)
2000 ECG-correlated image reconstruction from subsecond multi-slice spiral CT scans of the heart.