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Abbreviation: MD
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Long forms: 1176

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
molecular dynamics
(10860 times)
Chemistry
(4837 times)
DFT (347 times)
QM/MM (224 times)
NMR (177 times)
1986 Structural changes in retinol binding protein induced by retinol removal. A molecular dynamics study.
mean difference
(4597 times)
Medicine
(2302 times)
CI (2871 times)
RR (1796 times)
RCTs (1606 times)
1988 [Reproducibility and development of pulse wave velocity at rest and during exertion].
mean diffusivity
(1687 times)
Neurology
(528 times)
FA (1409 times)
DTI (968 times)
AD (357 times)
2001 Diffusion tensor imaging in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Marek's disease
(1266 times)
Otolaryngology
(389 times)
MDV (258 times)
HVT (49 times)
EH (45 times)
1968 Atypical cells in the peripheral blood of chickens exposed to Marek's disease agent.
mean deviation
(1003 times)
Ophthalmology
(784 times)
VF (224 times)
PSD (222 times)
IOP (180 times)
1975 The accuracy of diver sound localization by pointing.
major depression
(708 times)
Psychiatry
(353 times)
AD (53 times)
GAD (53 times)
PD (40 times)
1975 Conformity and psychopathology: a comparative study of conformity behaviors in manic-depressive, paranoid schizophrenic and normal populations.
Mediterranean diet
(352 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(130 times)
MDS (26 times)
CI (23 times)
OR (21 times)
2003 An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
microdialysis
(224 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(39 times)
TBI (21 times)
ICP (19 times)
ECF (12 times)
0 Postoperative monitoring of colorectal anastomosis - experimental study.
myotonic dystrophy
(216 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECG (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
FSH (5 times)
1976 Peripheral nerve morphometry in myotonic dystrophy.
10  muscular dystrophy
(209 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
DMD (20 times)
MS (13 times)
SCI (12 times)
1975 Echocardiographic evaluation of posterior left ventricular wall motion in muscular dystrophy.
11  Meckel's diverticulum
(195 times)
General Surgery
(78 times)
GI (10 times)
DBE (7 times)
CT (5 times)
1973 [Statistics on 105 Meckel's diverticula (M.D.)].
12  molecular dynamics simulations
(179 times)
Chemistry
(69 times)
CoMFA (8 times)
CoMSIA (7 times)
DFT (7 times)
1990 Insights into the function of the zinc hydroxide-Thr199-Glu106 hydrogen bonding network in carbonic anhydrases.
13  monocular deprivation
(172 times)
Neurology
(93 times)
OD (47 times)
LGN (9 times)
CP (8 times)
1982 Behavioural, physiological, and anatomical consequences of monocular deprivation in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
14  mammographic density
(156 times)
Neoplasms
(113 times)
BMI (29 times)
BC (17 times)
CI (17 times)
2007 Strong evidence of a genetic determinant for mammographic density, a major risk factor for breast cancer.
15  mean defect
(145 times)
Ophthalmology
(108 times)
MS (27 times)
IOP (25 times)
LV (22 times)
1986 [Detectability of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Octopus automatic perimeter. A comparison between program G-1 and programs 31 and 32 and their combinations].
16  maternal deprivation
(123 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
PND (26 times)
HPA (7 times)
BDNF (6 times)
1983 Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats.
17  membrane distillation
(122 times)
Environmental Health
(78 times)
PVDF (22 times)
DCMD (16 times)
FO (16 times)
2000 Membrane distillation of human plasma ultrafiltrate and its theoretical applications to haemodialysis techniques.
18  macula densa
(115 times)
Physiology
(59 times)
TGF (46 times)
NO (22 times)
TAL (11 times)
1976 Functional segmentation of the rabbit distal tubule by microdetermination of hormone-dependent adenylate cyclase activity.
19  maltodextrin
(115 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
GA (13 times)
DSC (6 times)
SEM (5 times)
1983 Energy metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides versus carbohydrates during exercise.
20  mediodorsal
(115 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
VM (15 times)
VL (14 times)
PFC (11 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
21  mesiodistal
(108 times)
Dentistry
(56 times)
BL (62 times)
CBCT (5 times)
FL (5 times)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
22  maintenance dose
(89 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
LD (56 times)
PCI (13 times)
ACS (9 times)
1988 Warfarin dosage requirements: prospective clinical trial of a method for prediction from the response to a single dose.
23  meningococcal disease
(81 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CI (8 times)
GMI (5 times)
PFGE (3 times)
1983 Meningococcal disease in South Australia: incidence and serogroup distribution 1971-1980.
24  mitochondrial disease
(77 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
mtDNA (7 times)
nDNA (6 times)
MELAS (5 times)
1994 [Clinical and investigative approaches in mitochondrial diseases. A review of 15 cases].
25  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(74 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PFC (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
OT (4 times)
1980 Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. I. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on olfactory discrimination in the rat.
26  mediodorsal nucleus
(69 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
cL (9 times)
CM (9 times)
PFC (8 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
27  mediodorsal thalamus
(69 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
PFC (13 times)
ACC (9 times)
mPFC (9 times)
1976 Inhibition of gonadotropin secretion induced by stimulation of thalamic nuclei.
28  mood disorders
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(29 times)
AD (8 times)
MDD (6 times)
BD (5 times)
1995 35% CO2 challenge in panic and mood disorders.
29  mental disorders
(59 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
MSD (6 times)
PHC (3 times)
SUD (3 times)
1993 Implications of mental and substance use disorders. A comparison of single and dual diagnosis patients.
30  mixed dementia
(57 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
AD (40 times)
VaD (21 times)
MCI (17 times)
1990 [Neuropathologic study of 50 cases of senile dementia].
31  menadione
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ROS (8 times)
GCS (3 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
1990 Oxidative stress in isolated rat renal proximal and distal tubular cells.
32  macular degeneration
(49 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
RP (6 times)
AMD (5 times)
PRL (5 times)
1997 Structural and developmental analysis of the mouse peripherin/rds gene.
33  mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
(49 times)
Brain
(25 times)
PFC (5 times)
HR (4 times)
mPFC (4 times)
1978 The prefrontal cortex of the cat: anatomical subdivisions based on retrograde labeling of cells in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.
34  medical doctor
(48 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
DC (6 times)
CI (4 times)
PA (3 times)
1990 A survey regarding the disclosure of the diagnosis of cancer in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
35  movement disorders
(48 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
PD (5 times)
MS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1993 [Abnormal movements of the larynx. Diagnostic approach and therapeutic perspectives].
36  mucosal disease
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(26 times)
BVDV (28 times)
cp (18 times)
ncp (12 times)
1976 The growth of respiratory syncytial virus in organ cultures of bovine foetal trachea.
37  medical devices
(44 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CE (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
DEHP (2 times)
1998 [Impact of hospital infection on medical expenditures in a continuing care and rehabilitation service at a geriatric hospital].
38  Mikulicz's disease
(42 times)
Rheumatology
(15 times)
SS (16 times)
IgG4 (9 times)
Ig (8 times)
2000 Mikulicz's disease and Sjogren's syndrome.
39  minimal disease
(41 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
ML (3 times)
NB (3 times)
1984 Experimental studies of a coronavirus and coronavirus-like agent in a barrier-maintained feline breeding colony.
40  mean diffusion
(38 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
FA (28 times)
DTI (17 times)
MK (12 times)
2008 Microstructural integrity of the corpus callosum linked with neuropsychological performance in adolescents.
41  moderately differentiated
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PD (27 times)
WD (26 times)
HCC (5 times)
1976 Changes in (125I) labeled human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to porcine granulosa cells during follicle development and cell culture.
42  muscle dysmorphia
(34 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
ED (3 times)
EDs (3 times)
BD (2 times)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters.
43  Medicine
(33 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
DO (3 times)
NIH (3 times)
ChM (2 times)
1989 The McMaster M.D. program: a case study of renewal in medical education.
44  mineral density
(33 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
micro-CT (6 times)
BMD (4 times)
CNR (3 times)
1993 Variability of mineral density in coralline hydroxyapatite spheres: study by quantitative computed tomography.
45  medium dose
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HD (15 times)
LD (15 times)
IMRT (3 times)
1991 Doxorubicin-induced cross-resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related to differential TNF processing.
46  multiple-demand
(31 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
fMRI (4 times)
AD (1 time)
cIFS (1 time)
2006 EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
47  monochorionic diamniotic
(30 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
TTTS (11 times)
DD (10 times)
FLP (4 times)
1999 Characteristics of monochorionic-diamniotic growth-retarded twins during the third trimester.
48  multiple doses
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SD (17 times)
PK (5 times)
AUC (3 times)
1981 Delayed alloimmunisation by random single donor platelet transfusions. A randomised study to compare single donor and multiple donor platelet transfusions in cancer patients with severe thrombocytopenia.
49  mean diameter
(28 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CT (4 times)
CSA (2 times)
FEA (2 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
50  Maryland
(27 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
NY (5 times)
NJ (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1976 Strains of infectious bronchitis virus on the Delmarva peninsula and in Arkansas.
51  monocularly deprived
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LGN (3 times)
NGF (2 times)
7-MX (1 time)
1975 Effects of visual cortex lesions following recovery from monocular deprivation in the cat.
52  mathematics difficulties
(26 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
MDRD (3 times)
RD (2 times)
RDMD (2 times)
1997 Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficulties.
53  mitochondrial dysfunction
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LP (4 times)
3-NP (2 times)
CAD (2 times)
2007 In utero nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor exposure and signs of possible mitochondrial dysfunction in HIV-uninfected children.
54  Mahalanobis distance
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LDA (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
SVM (3 times)
1989 [Analysis of ultrasound B-mode histogram in thyroid tumors].
55  Menetrier's disease
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
CMV (3 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Hypertrophic gastropathy with transient sessile polyps.
56  microdensitometry
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DXA (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
1988 Microdensity of solitary bone cyst after steroid injection.
57  Minamata disease
(23 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ADL (3 times)
BADL (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
1985 Mortality and survival for Minamata disease.
58  magnetic dipole
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
ED (12 times)
APB (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
2013 Time-resolved energy-momentum spectroscopy of electric and magnetic dipole transitions in Cr3+:MgO.
59  maternal death
(22 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
MNM (14 times)
PLTC (7 times)
SMO (6 times)
2002 Severe acute maternal morbidity and mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex: changing patterns over 4 years.
60  multidetector
(22 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
CT (12 times)
CNR (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2005 The effect of z overscanning on patient effective dose from multidetector helical computed tomography examinations.
61  Mullerian duct
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FRT (4 times)
WD (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
1983 Action of testis graft from puromycin- or cAMP-pretreated donor embryos on the regression of Mullerian ducts in the female chick embryo.
62  multidimensional
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
aGB (1 time)
1996 Applications of multidimensional-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-Fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry.
63  Musician's dystonia
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FTSD (2 times)
WD (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
2005 Pathophysiological differences between musician's dystonia and writer's cramp.
64  mating disruption
(20 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
CM (4 times)
CRS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of mating disruption for control of lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus.
65  modulation depth
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
THz (3 times)
EAM (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
66  mechanical debridement
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
BOP (13 times)
PD (13 times)
aPDT (10 times)
2006 In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model.
67  minimal difference
(19 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ICC (9 times)
SEM (9 times)
EMG (2 times)
2008 Assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony during development of heart failure by a novel program using ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT.
68  multidomain
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
PSD (8 times)
SD (6 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1999 Epitope mapping of CCR5 reveals multiple conformational states and distinct but overlapping structures involved in chemokine and coreceptor function.
69  marginal discrepancy
(18 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
AMD (5 times)
CAD-CAM (5 times)
MG (3 times)
2003 Examining the range of normal intraindividual variability in neuropsychological test performance.
70  microdiscectomy
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
ODI (5 times)
VAS (4 times)
CPK (3 times)
2006 Objective assessment of reduced invasiveness in MED. Compared with conventional one-level laminotomy.
71  molecular docking
(18 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
2013 A structure-differential binding method for elucidating the interactions between flavonoids and cytochrome-c by ESI-MS and molecular docking.
72  maintenance dialysis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (2 times)
MHD (2 times)
1979 Comparative survival of 673 patients with chronic uremia treated with renal transplantation (RT) and maintenance hemodialysis (MD).
73  major depressive disorder
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BP (2 times)
GAD (2 times)
SZ (2 times)
1995 Descriptive validity and stability of diagnostic criteria for dysthymic disorder.
74  mechanical dispersion
(17 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
GLS (7 times)
LV (7 times)
ICD (4 times)
2013 Early echocardiographic deformation analysis for the prediction of sudden cardiac death and life-threatening arrhythmias after myocardial infarction.
75  medial dorsal
(17 times)
Brain
(7 times)
AV (4 times)
VA (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1989 Anterior and medial thalamic lesions, discriminative avoidance learning, and cingulate cortical neuronal activity in rabbits.
76  main duct
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
IPMNs (8 times)
BD (7 times)
IPMN (5 times)
2013 MUC2 expression and prevalence of high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.
77  Mammary ductoscopy
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PND (7 times)
BCS (3 times)
NAF (3 times)
2002 The evolving role of mammary ductoscopy.
78  mathematical disabilities
(16 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
RD (3 times)
VCFS (3 times)
TD (2 times)
1993 Mathematical disabilities: cognitive, neuropsychological, and genetic components.
79  microvessel density
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
VEGF (4 times)
PD-ECGF (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1997 [Correlation of neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor in human renal cell carcinoma].
80  middle domain
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
NTD (3 times)
GED (2 times)
NBD1 (2 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of p190 on Tyr1105 by c-Src is necessary but not sufficient for EGF-induced actin disassembly in C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts.
81  motor domain
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
cryo-EM (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1995 A minimal motor domain from chicken skeletal muscle myosin.
82  moyamoya disease
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
STA-MCA (5 times)
STA (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1990 [An association of Shy-Drager syndrome with moyamoya disease--a case report].
83  moderate disability
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
GR (13 times)
SD (12 times)
VS (7 times)
1992 Long-term follow-up of cerebral blood flow in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
84  moderate dose
(14 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
LD (9 times)
HD (7 times)
UD (3 times)
1987 Randomized trial comparing two short courses of moderate-dose metoclopramide for moderate-dose cisplatin-induced emesis.
85  moral disengagement
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
CWB (2 times)
SRE (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2010 Developmental precursors of moral disengagement and the role of moral disengagement in the development of antisocial behavior.
86  multiple dendritic
(14 times)
Biology
(5 times)
PNS (4 times)
ch (3 times)
es (2 times)
1995 Origin and specification of type II sensory neurons in Drosophila.
87  material decomposition
(13 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DECT (4 times)
CNR (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2010 Combined domain-decomposition and matrix-decomposition scheme for large-scale diffuse optical tomography.
88  math difficulties
(13 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
DCD (2 times)
MDRD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2007 Private speech and strategy-use patterns: bidirectional comparisons of children with and without mathematical difficulties in a developmental perspective.
89  Mediterranean-type diet
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
HFD (4 times)
FFQ (2 times)
HCVRF (2 times)
2001 Complementary effects of Mediterranean diet and moderate red wine intake on haemostatic cardiovascular risk factors.
90  methidathion
(13 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
MDA (6 times)
ChE (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
1985 Effect of pesticides on the LDH activity and isoenzyme pattern of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) sera.
91  methyldopa
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1979 Antihypertensive effect of prazosin in combination with methyldopa, clonidine, or propranolol.
92  microdomain
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
ADPR (2 times)
ANK (2 times)
NSP (2 times)
2007 Myelin protein zero is one of the components of the detergent-resistant membrane microdomain fraction prepared from rat pituitary.
93  mild diabetic
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SD (13 times)
FBG (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1998 Hypoglycemic effect of Biophytum sensitivum in the alloxan diabetic rabbits.
94  mild dysplasia
(13 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
SD (8 times)
CIS (4 times)
OSCC (3 times)
1996 Genetic instabilities of chromosome 9, 17 and accumulation of p53 overexpression during multistage tumorigesis in head and neck cancer.
95  monocular visual deprivation
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AVER (3 times)
OD (2 times)
dLGN (1 time)
1985 Benzodiazepine receptors in the visual structures of monocularly deprived rats. Effect of light and dark adaptation.
96  medial degeneration
(12 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AAA (1 time)
AsAA (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
2001 Asymmetric medial degeneration of the intrapericardial aorta in aortic valve disease.
97  motion-defined
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
LD (5 times)
CD (3 times)
MS (2 times)
1990 Visual acuity for optotypes made visible by relative motion.
98  magnetodielectric
(11 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
ME (2 times)
MW (2 times)
CEF (1 time)
2012 Spin glass behaviour and extrinsic origin of magnetodielectric effect in non-multiferroic La2NiMnO6 nanoparticles.
99  medialis dorsalis
(11 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CL (3 times)
LP (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1975 Effect of stimulation of prefrontal cortex and amygdala on diencephalic neurons.
100  medical
(11 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
PT (3 times)
CSAS (1 time)
GHEs (1 time)
1991 Disabling low back Oregon workers' compensation claims. Part I: Methodology and clinical categorization of chiropractic and medical cases.