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Abbreviation: MD
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Long forms: 1225

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
molecular dynamics
(11593 times)
Chemistry
(5122 times)
DFT (371 times)
QM/MM (234 times)
NMR (189 times)
1986 Structural changes in retinol binding protein induced by retinol removal. A molecular dynamics study.
mean difference
(5105 times)
Medicine
(2453 times)
CI (3145 times)
RR (1956 times)
RCTs (1787 times)
1988 [Reproducibility and development of pulse wave velocity at rest and during exertion].
mean diffusivity
(1793 times)
Neurology
(557 times)
FA (1489 times)
DTI (1019 times)
AD (384 times)
2001 Diffusion tensor imaging in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Meniere's disease
(1330 times)
Otolaryngology
(409 times)
MDV (267 times)
EH (50 times)
HVT (50 times)
1968 Atypical cells in the peripheral blood of chickens exposed to Marek's disease agent.
mean deviation
(1063 times)
Ophthalmology
(819 times)
VF (247 times)
PSD (229 times)
IOP (194 times)
1975 The accuracy of diver sound localization by pointing.
major depression
(727 times)
Psychiatry
(357 times)
AD (54 times)
GAD (53 times)
PD (40 times)
1975 Conformity and psychopathology: a comparative study of conformity behaviors in manic-depressive, paranoid schizophrenic and normal populations.
Mediterranean diet
(389 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(139 times)
MDS (27 times)
CI (24 times)
OR (22 times)
2003 An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
microdialysis
(227 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(40 times)
TBI (21 times)
ICP (19 times)
ECF (12 times)
0 Postoperative monitoring of colorectal anastomosis - experimental study.
muscular dystrophy
(220 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
DMD (20 times)
MS (15 times)
SCI (14 times)
1975 Echocardiographic evaluation of posterior left ventricular wall motion in muscular dystrophy.
10  myotonic dystrophy
(218 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECG (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
FSH (5 times)
1976 Peripheral nerve morphometry in myotonic dystrophy.
11  Meckel's diverticulum
(204 times)
General Surgery
(79 times)
GI (11 times)
DBE (7 times)
CT (5 times)
1973 [Statistics on 105 Meckel's diverticula (M.D.)].
12  molecular dynamics simulations
(190 times)
Chemistry
(72 times)
CoMFA (8 times)
CoMSIA (7 times)
DFT (7 times)
1990 Insights into the function of the zinc hydroxide-Thr199-Glu106 hydrogen bonding network in carbonic anhydrases.
13  monocular deprivation
(179 times)
Neurology
(95 times)
OD (48 times)
CP (9 times)
LGN (9 times)
1982 Behavioural, physiological, and anatomical consequences of monocular deprivation in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
14  mammographic density
(169 times)
Neoplasms
(119 times)
BMI (30 times)
BC (18 times)
OR (18 times)
2007 Strong evidence of a genetic determinant for mammographic density, a major risk factor for breast cancer.
15  mean defect
(149 times)
Ophthalmology
(110 times)
IOP (27 times)
MS (27 times)
POAG (23 times)
1986 [Detectability of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Octopus automatic perimeter. A comparison between program G-1 and programs 31 and 32 and their combinations].
16  membrane distillation
(137 times)
Environmental Health
(84 times)
PVDF (22 times)
DCMD (19 times)
FO (15 times)
2000 Membrane distillation of human plasma ultrafiltrate and its theoretical applications to haemodialysis techniques.
17  maltodextrin
(131 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
GA (18 times)
DSC (6 times)
SEM (6 times)
1983 Energy metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides versus carbohydrates during exercise.
18  maternal deprivation
(130 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
PND (26 times)
BDNF (7 times)
HPA (7 times)
1983 Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats.
19  macula densa
(117 times)
Physiology
(59 times)
TGF (46 times)
NO (22 times)
TAL (11 times)
1976 Functional segmentation of the rabbit distal tubule by microdetermination of hormone-dependent adenylate cyclase activity.
20  mediodorsal
(117 times)
Neurology
(65 times)
VM (17 times)
VL (14 times)
PFC (11 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
21  mesiodistal
(112 times)
Dentistry
(57 times)
BL (64 times)
CBCT (5 times)
FL (5 times)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
22  maintenance dose
(91 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
LD (58 times)
PCI (15 times)
ACS (9 times)
1988 Warfarin dosage requirements: prospective clinical trial of a method for prediction from the response to a single dose.
23  mitochondrial disease
(86 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
mtDNA (8 times)
MELAS (6 times)
nDNA (6 times)
1994 [Clinical and investigative approaches in mitochondrial diseases. A review of 15 cases].
24  meningococcal disease
(83 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CI (8 times)
GMI (5 times)
PFGE (3 times)
1983 Meningococcal disease in South Australia: incidence and serogroup distribution 1971-1980.
25  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(74 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PFC (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
OT (4 times)
1980 Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. I. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on olfactory discrimination in the rat.
26  mediodorsal nucleus
(73 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
CM (10 times)
cL (9 times)
PFC (9 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
27  mediodorsal thalamus
(71 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
PFC (15 times)
mPFC (10 times)
ACC (9 times)
1976 Inhibition of gonadotropin secretion induced by stimulation of thalamic nuclei.
28  mental disorders
(68 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
MSD (6 times)
PHC (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1993 Implications of mental and substance use disorders. A comparison of single and dual diagnosis patients.
29  mood disorders
(65 times)
Psychiatry
(29 times)
AD (8 times)
BD (6 times)
MDD (6 times)
1995 35% CO2 challenge in panic and mood disorders.
30  mixed dementia
(61 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AD (43 times)
VaD (23 times)
MCI (20 times)
1990 [Neuropathologic study of 50 cases of senile dementia].
31  medical doctor
(54 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
DC (6 times)
CI (4 times)
NP (3 times)
1990 A survey regarding the disclosure of the diagnosis of cancer in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
32  macular degeneration
(52 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
RP (6 times)
AMD (5 times)
PRL (5 times)
1997 Structural and developmental analysis of the mouse peripherin/rds gene.
33  mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
(51 times)
Brain
(26 times)
PFC (6 times)
mPFC (5 times)
HR (4 times)
1978 The prefrontal cortex of the cat: anatomical subdivisions based on retrograde labeling of cells in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.
34  movement disorders
(51 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
PD (6 times)
MS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1993 [Abnormal movements of the larynx. Diagnostic approach and therapeutic perspectives].
35  menadione
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ROS (8 times)
GCS (3 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
1990 Oxidative stress in isolated rat renal proximal and distal tubular cells.
36  medical devices
(45 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
DEHP (3 times)
CE (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
1998 [Impact of hospital infection on medical expenditures in a continuing care and rehabilitation service at a geriatric hospital].
37  mucosal disease
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(26 times)
BVDV (28 times)
cp (18 times)
ncp (12 times)
1976 The growth of respiratory syncytial virus in organ cultures of bovine foetal trachea.
38  mean diffusion
(44 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FA (32 times)
DTI (17 times)
MK (15 times)
2008 Microstructural integrity of the corpus callosum linked with neuropsychological performance in adolescents.
39  Mikulicz's disease
(43 times)
Rheumatology
(16 times)
SS (16 times)
IgG4 (9 times)
Ig (8 times)
2000 Mikulicz's disease and Sjogren's syndrome.
40  minimal disease
(41 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
ML (3 times)
NB (3 times)
1984 Experimental studies of a coronavirus and coronavirus-like agent in a barrier-maintained feline breeding colony.
41  Medicine
(37 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
DO (4 times)
NIH (3 times)
ChM (2 times)
1989 The McMaster M.D. program: a case study of renewal in medical education.
42  multiple-demand
(37 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
fMRI (4 times)
MVPA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2006 EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
43  moderately differentiated
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PD (27 times)
WD (27 times)
HCC (5 times)
1976 Changes in (125I) labeled human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to porcine granulosa cells during follicle development and cell culture.
44  muscle dysmorphia
(35 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
BDD (3 times)
ED (3 times)
EDs (3 times)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters.
45  mineral density
(33 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
micro-CT (6 times)
BMD (4 times)
CNR (3 times)
1993 Variability of mineral density in coralline hydroxyapatite spheres: study by quantitative computed tomography.
46  medium dose
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HD (15 times)
LD (15 times)
IMRT (3 times)
1991 Doxorubicin-induced cross-resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related to differential TNF processing.
47  mean diameter
(31 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (4 times)
CSA (2 times)
DLS (2 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
48  mitochondrial dysfunction
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LP (4 times)
PBMCs (3 times)
3-NP (2 times)
2007 In utero nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor exposure and signs of possible mitochondrial dysfunction in HIV-uninfected children.
49  monochorionic diamniotic
(30 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
TTTS (11 times)
DD (10 times)
FLP (4 times)
1999 Characteristics of monochorionic-diamniotic growth-retarded twins during the third trimester.
50  multiple doses
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SD (18 times)
PK (5 times)
AUC (3 times)
1981 Delayed alloimmunisation by random single donor platelet transfusions. A randomised study to compare single donor and multiple donor platelet transfusions in cancer patients with severe thrombocytopenia.
51  Mahalanobis distance
(28 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
PCA (4 times)
LDA (3 times)
SVM (3 times)
1989 [Analysis of ultrasound B-mode histogram in thyroid tumors].
52  Maryland
(27 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
NY (5 times)
NJ (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1976 Strains of infectious bronchitis virus on the Delmarva peninsula and in Arkansas.
53  mathematics difficulties
(27 times)
Psychology
(17 times)
MDRD (3 times)
TA (3 times)
RD (2 times)
1997 Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficulties.
54  Menetrier's disease
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
CMV (3 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Hypertrophic gastropathy with transient sessile polyps.
55  monocularly deprived
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LGN (3 times)
NGF (2 times)
7-MX (1 time)
1975 Effects of visual cortex lesions following recovery from monocular deprivation in the cat.
56  microdensitometry
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DXA (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
1988 Microdensity of solitary bone cyst after steroid injection.
57  maternal death
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
MNM (15 times)
PLTC (7 times)
SMO (7 times)
2002 Severe acute maternal morbidity and mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex: changing patterns over 4 years.
58  multidimensional
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
UD (2 times)
1996 Applications of multidimensional-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-Fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry.
59  magnetic dipole
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
ED (12 times)
APB (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
2013 Time-resolved energy-momentum spectroscopy of electric and magnetic dipole transitions in Cr3+:MgO.
60  mechanical dispersion
(23 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
GLS (10 times)
LV (10 times)
CI (4 times)
2013 Early echocardiographic deformation analysis for the prediction of sudden cardiac death and life-threatening arrhythmias after myocardial infarction.
61  Minamata disease
(23 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ADL (3 times)
BADL (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
1985 Mortality and survival for Minamata disease.
62  mating disruption
(22 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
CM (4 times)
CRS (2 times)
EGVM (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of mating disruption for control of lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus.
63  multidetector
(22 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
CT (12 times)
CNR (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2005 The effect of z overscanning on patient effective dose from multidetector helical computed tomography examinations.
64  mechanical debridement
(21 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
BOP (14 times)
PD (14 times)
aPDT (12 times)
2006 In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model.
65  Mullerian duct
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FRT (4 times)
WD (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
1983 Action of testis graft from puromycin- or cAMP-pretreated donor embryos on the regression of Mullerian ducts in the female chick embryo.
66  Musician's dystonia
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FTSD (2 times)
WD (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
2005 Pathophysiological differences between musician's dystonia and writer's cramp.
67  minimal difference
(20 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ICC (9 times)
SEM (9 times)
EMG (2 times)
2008 Assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony during development of heart failure by a novel program using ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT.
68  modulation depth
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
THz (3 times)
EAM (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
69  multi-domain
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
PSD (8 times)
SD (6 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1999 Epitope mapping of CCR5 reveals multiple conformational states and distinct but overlapping structures involved in chemokine and coreceptor function.
70  major depressive disorder
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
BD (2 times)
BP (2 times)
GAD (2 times)
1995 Descriptive validity and stability of diagnostic criteria for dysthymic disorder.
71  marginal discrepancy
(18 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
AMD (5 times)
CAD-CAM (5 times)
MG (3 times)
2003 Examining the range of normal intraindividual variability in neuropsychological test performance.
72  medial dorsal
(18 times)
Brain
(8 times)
AV (4 times)
VA (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1989 Anterior and medial thalamic lesions, discriminative avoidance learning, and cingulate cortical neuronal activity in rabbits.
73  microdiscectomy
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
ODI (5 times)
VAS (4 times)
CPK (3 times)
2006 Objective assessment of reduced invasiveness in MED. Compared with conventional one-level laminotomy.
74  middle domain
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
NBD1 (4 times)
NTD (4 times)
GED (2 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of p190 on Tyr1105 by c-Src is necessary but not sufficient for EGF-induced actin disassembly in C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts.
75  molecular docking
(18 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
2013 A structure-differential binding method for elucidating the interactions between flavonoids and cytochrome-c by ESI-MS and molecular docking.
76  main duct
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
IPMNs (8 times)
BD (7 times)
IPMN (6 times)
2013 MUC2 expression and prevalence of high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.
77  maintenance dialysis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (2 times)
MHD (2 times)
1979 Comparative survival of 673 patients with chronic uremia treated with renal transplantation (RT) and maintenance hemodialysis (MD).
78  Mammary ductoscopy
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PND (7 times)
BCS (3 times)
NAF (3 times)
2002 The evolving role of mammary ductoscopy.
79  mathematical disabilities
(16 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
RD (3 times)
VCFS (3 times)
TD (2 times)
1993 Mathematical disabilities: cognitive, neuropsychological, and genetic components.
80  microvessel density
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
VEGF (4 times)
PD-ECGF (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1997 [Correlation of neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor in human renal cell carcinoma].
81  moral disengagement
(16 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
CWB (2 times)
SRE (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2010 Developmental precursors of moral disengagement and the role of moral disengagement in the development of antisocial behavior.
82  motor domain
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
cryo-EM (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1995 A minimal motor domain from chicken skeletal muscle myosin.
83  moyamoya disease
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
STA-MCA (5 times)
STA (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1990 [An association of Shy-Drager syndrome with moyamoya disease--a case report].
84  material decomposition
(15 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DECT (7 times)
ROC (4 times)
NIC (3 times)
2010 Combined domain-decomposition and matrix-decomposition scheme for large-scale diffuse optical tomography.
85  moderate dose
(15 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
LD (10 times)
HD (7 times)
UD (3 times)
1987 Randomized trial comparing two short courses of moderate-dose metoclopramide for moderate-dose cisplatin-induced emesis.
86  microdomain
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
ADPR (4 times)
ANK (2 times)
NSP (2 times)
2007 Myelin protein zero is one of the components of the detergent-resistant membrane microdomain fraction prepared from rat pituitary.
87  moderate disability
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
GR (13 times)
SD (12 times)
VS (7 times)
1992 Long-term follow-up of cerebral blood flow in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
88  multiple dendritic
(14 times)
Biology
(5 times)
PNS (4 times)
ch (3 times)
es (2 times)
1995 Origin and specification of type II sensory neurons in Drosophila.
89  math difficulties
(13 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
DCD (2 times)
MDRD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2007 Private speech and strategy-use patterns: bidirectional comparisons of children with and without mathematical difficulties in a developmental perspective.
90  medical
(13 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
PT (4 times)
IPE (3 times)
RIPLS (3 times)
1991 Disabling low back Oregon workers' compensation claims. Part I: Methodology and clinical categorization of chiropractic and medical cases.
91  metastatic disease
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BC (4 times)
LD (4 times)
LR (4 times)
1994 [Imaging diagnosis of non-lymph node metastasis of bladder carcinoma].
92  methidathion
(13 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
MDA (6 times)
ChE (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
1985 Effect of pesticides on the LDH activity and isoenzyme pattern of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) sera.
93  methyldopa
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1979 Antihypertensive effect of prazosin in combination with methyldopa, clonidine, or propranolol.
94  mild diabetic
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SD (13 times)
FBG (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1998 Hypoglycemic effect of Biophytum sensitivum in the alloxan diabetic rabbits.
95  mild dysplasia
(13 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
SD (8 times)
CIS (4 times)
OSCC (3 times)
1996 Genetic instabilities of chromosome 9, 17 and accumulation of p53 overexpression during multistage tumorigesis in head and neck cancer.
96  monocular visual deprivation
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AVER (3 times)
OD (2 times)
dLGN (1 time)
1985 Benzodiazepine receptors in the visual structures of monocularly deprived rats. Effect of light and dark adaptation.
97  medial degeneration
(12 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AAA (1 time)
AsAA (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
2001 Asymmetric medial degeneration of the intrapericardial aorta in aortic valve disease.
98  Mediterranean-type diet
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
HFD (4 times)
FFQ (2 times)
HCVRF (2 times)
2001 Complementary effects of Mediterranean diet and moderate red wine intake on haemostatic cardiovascular risk factors.
99  moderate
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PD (5 times)
sl (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1990 Risk of cancer in patients with gastric dysplasia. Follow-up study of 67 patients.
100  molecular distillation
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DD (2 times)
MCD (2 times)
SFE (2 times)
2002 Analysis with gas chromatography and mass spectrography of volatile components of Ligusticum wallichii Franch extracted by CO2 supercritical fluid extraction in combination with molecular distillation.