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Abbreviation: MD
Appearance Frequency: 21232 time(s)
Long forms: 1036

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
molecular dynamics
(8632 times)
Chemistry
(3952 times)
DFT (263 times)
QM/MM (179 times)
NMR (144 times)
1986 Structural changes in retinol binding protein induced by retinol removal. A molecular dynamics study.
mean difference
(3087 times)
Medicine
(1757 times)
CI (2023 times)
RR (1330 times)
RCTs (1071 times)
1988 [Reproducibility and development of pulse wave velocity at rest and during exertion].
mean diffusivity
(1294 times)
Neurology
(424 times)
FA (1091 times)
DTI (763 times)
AD (246 times)
2001 Diffusion tensor imaging in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Marek's disease
(1073 times)
Otolaryngology
(317 times)
MDV (231 times)
HVT (46 times)
EH (32 times)
1968 Atypical cells in the peripheral blood of chickens exposed to Marek's disease agent.
mean deviation
(839 times)
Ophthalmology
(685 times)
PSD (202 times)
VF (171 times)
IOP (146 times)
1975 The accuracy of diver sound localization by pointing.
major depression
(650 times)
Psychiatry
(329 times)
GAD (52 times)
AD (49 times)
PD (39 times)
1975 Conformity and psychopathology: a comparative study of conformity behaviors in manic-depressive, paranoid schizophrenic and normal populations.
myotonic dystrophy
(211 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECG (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
FSH (5 times)
1976 Peripheral nerve morphometry in myotonic dystrophy.
Mediterranean diet
(204 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(97 times)
MDS (16 times)
CI (15 times)
OR (15 times)
2003 An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
microdialysis
(203 times)
Pharmacology
(37 times)
ICP (18 times)
TBI (18 times)
ECF (12 times)
1992 Extracellular changes of inorganic phosphate are different during spreading depression and global cerebral ischemia of rats.
10  muscular dystrophy
(182 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
DMD (16 times)
MS (12 times)
SCI (11 times)
1975 Echocardiographic evaluation of posterior left ventricular wall motion in muscular dystrophy.
11  Meckel's diverticulum
(173 times)
General Surgery
(72 times)
GI (9 times)
DBE (7 times)
CT (4 times)
1973 [Statistics on 105 Meckel's diverticula (M.D.)].
12  monocular deprivation
(161 times)
Neurology
(87 times)
OD (41 times)
LGN (9 times)
CP (6 times)
1982 Behavioural, physiological, and anatomical consequences of monocular deprivation in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
13  molecular dynamics simulations
(146 times)
Chemistry
(56 times)
CoMFA (7 times)
CoMSIA (7 times)
DFT (5 times)
1990 Insights into the function of the zinc hydroxide-Thr199-Glu106 hydrogen bonding network in carbonic anhydrases.
14  mean defect
(132 times)
Ophthalmology
(101 times)
MS (25 times)
IOP (22 times)
LV (21 times)
1986 [Detectability of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Octopus automatic perimeter. A comparison between program G-1 and programs 31 and 32 and their combinations].
15  mammographic density
(120 times)
Neoplasms
(87 times)
BMI (25 times)
BC (13 times)
CI (11 times)
2007 Strong evidence of a genetic determinant for mammographic density, a major risk factor for breast cancer.
16  macula densa
(113 times)
Physiology
(57 times)
TGF (46 times)
NO (21 times)
TAL (11 times)
1976 Functional segmentation of the rabbit distal tubule by microdetermination of hormone-dependent adenylate cyclase activity.
17  mediodorsal
(107 times)
Neurology
(59 times)
VL (14 times)
VM (14 times)
PFC (10 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
18  maternal deprivation
(103 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
PND (22 times)
HPA (7 times)
BDNF (5 times)
1983 Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats.
19  mesiodistal
(88 times)
Dentistry
(50 times)
BL (52 times)
CBCT (5 times)
FL (5 times)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
20  maltodextrin
(80 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
GA (9 times)
DSC (5 times)
CLSM (3 times)
1983 Energy metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides versus carbohydrates during exercise.
21  maintenance dose
(78 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
LD (47 times)
PCI (12 times)
ACS (9 times)
1988 Warfarin dosage requirements: prospective clinical trial of a method for prediction from the response to a single dose.
22  meningococcal disease
(78 times)
Communicable Diseases
(32 times)
CI (8 times)
GMI (5 times)
PFGE (3 times)
1983 Meningococcal disease in South Australia: incidence and serogroup distribution 1971-1980.
23  mediodorsal nucleus
(67 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
CL (9 times)
CM (9 times)
PFC (8 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
24  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(66 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
PFC (9 times)
OT (4 times)
PVN (4 times)
1980 Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. I. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on olfactory discrimination in the rat.
25  membrane distillation
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
PVDF (12 times)
DCMD (9 times)
FO (9 times)
2000 Membrane distillation of human plasma ultrafiltrate and its theoretical applications to haemodialysis techniques.
26  mediodorsal thalamus
(60 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
PFC (12 times)
mPFC (9 times)
ACC (8 times)
1976 Inhibition of gonadotropin secretion induced by stimulation of thalamic nuclei.
27  mitochondrial disease
(60 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
mtDNA (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
nDNA (3 times)
1994 [Clinical and investigative approaches in mitochondrial diseases. A review of 15 cases].
28  mixed dementia
(54 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
AD (38 times)
VaD (21 times)
MCI (16 times)
1990 [Neuropathologic study of 50 cases of senile dementia].
29  mood disorders
(53 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
AD (8 times)
MDD (5 times)
BD (4 times)
1995 35% CO2 challenge in panic and mood disorders.
30  mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
(48 times)
Brain
(25 times)
HR (4 times)
mPFC (4 times)
PFC (4 times)
1978 The prefrontal cortex of the cat: anatomical subdivisions based on retrograde labeling of cells in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.
31  medical doctor
(43 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
DC (6 times)
CI (3 times)
pt (3 times)
1990 A survey regarding the disclosure of the diagnosis of cancer in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
32  mucosal disease
(43 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(26 times)
BVDV (27 times)
cp (18 times)
ncp (12 times)
1976 The growth of respiratory syncytial virus in organ cultures of bovine foetal trachea.
33  menadione
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
ROS (7 times)
GCS (3 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
1990 Oxidative stress in isolated rat renal proximal and distal tubular cells.
34  Mikulicz's disease
(41 times)
Rheumatology
(15 times)
SS (16 times)
Ig (8 times)
IgG4 (8 times)
2000 Mikulicz's disease and Sjogren's syndrome.
35  mental disorders
(40 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
MSD (6 times)
PHC (3 times)
SUD (3 times)
1993 Implications of mental and substance use disorders. A comparison of single and dual diagnosis patients.
36  macular degeneration
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
RP (5 times)
fMRI (4 times)
PRL (4 times)
1997 Structural and developmental analysis of the mouse peripherin/rds gene.
37  movement disorders
(38 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
PD (5 times)
MS (3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
1993 [Abnormal movements of the larynx. Diagnostic approach and therapeutic perspectives].
38  medical devices
(30 times)
Technology
(6 times)
CE (2 times)
EU (2 times)
HTA (2 times)
1998 [Impact of hospital infection on medical expenditures in a continuing care and rehabilitation service at a geriatric hospital].
39  minimal disease
(30 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
ML (3 times)
NB (3 times)
1984 Experimental studies of a coronavirus and coronavirus-like agent in a barrier-maintained feline breeding colony.
40  moderately differentiated
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PD (24 times)
WD (21 times)
HCC (4 times)
1976 Changes in (125I) labeled human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to porcine granulosa cells during follicle development and cell culture.
41  mean diffusion
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
FA (24 times)
DTI (14 times)
MK (6 times)
2008 Microstructural integrity of the corpus callosum linked with neuropsychological performance in adolescents.
42  mineral density
(28 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
micro-CT (6 times)
BMD (4 times)
CNR (2 times)
1993 Variability of mineral density in coralline hydroxyapatite spheres: study by quantitative computed tomography.
43  monochorionic diamniotic
(28 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
TTTS (10 times)
DD (9 times)
FLP (3 times)
1999 Characteristics of monochorionic-diamniotic growth-retarded twins during the third trimester.
44  multiple doses
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SD (16 times)
PK (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
1981 Delayed alloimmunisation by random single donor platelet transfusions. A randomised study to compare single donor and multiple donor platelet transfusions in cancer patients with severe thrombocytopenia.
45  muscle dysmorphia
(28 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
BD (2 times)
BDD (2 times)
ED (2 times)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters.
46  mean dose
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HD (12 times)
LD (11 times)
COPD (2 times)
1991 Doxorubicin-induced cross-resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related to differential TNF processing.
47  monocularly deprived
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LGN (3 times)
NGF (2 times)
7-MX (1 time)
1975 Effects of visual cortex lesions following recovery from monocular deprivation in the cat.
48  mean diameter
(25 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
FEA (2 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
49  microdensitometry
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DXA (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
1988 Microdensity of solitary bone cyst after steroid injection.
50  Menetrier's disease
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
CMV (3 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Hypertrophic gastropathy with transient sessile polyps.
51  multiple-demand
(24 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
fMRI (4 times)
cIFS (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2006 EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
52  mathematics difficulties
(23 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
MDRD (3 times)
TA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1997 Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficulties.
53  Mahalanobis distance
(22 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
LDA (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
ANN (2 times)
1989 [Analysis of ultrasound B-mode histogram in thyroid tumors].
54  Maryland
(22 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
NJ (4 times)
FL (3 times)
NY (3 times)
1976 Strains of infectious bronchitis virus on the Delmarva peninsula and in Arkansas.
55  Minamata disease
(22 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ADL (3 times)
BADL (1 time)
EPs (1 time)
1985 Mortality and survival for Minamata disease.
56  Medicine
(20 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
SOM (2 times)
AMS (1 time)
APR-DRG (1 time)
1989 The McMaster M.D. program: a case study of renewal in medical education.
57  multidetector
(20 times)
Radiology
(12 times)
CT (10 times)
CNR (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2005 The effect of z overscanning on patient effective dose from multidetector helical computed tomography examinations.
58  multidimensional
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
MS (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
aGB (1 time)
1996 Applications of multidimensional-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-Fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry.
59  Mullerian duct
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FRT (4 times)
WD (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
1983 Action of testis graft from puromycin- or cAMP-pretreated donor embryos on the regression of Mullerian ducts in the female chick embryo.
60  musician's dystonia
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
FTSD (2 times)
WD (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
2005 Pathophysiological differences between musician's dystonia and writer's cramp.
61  minimal difference
(18 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ICC (9 times)
SEM (9 times)
EMG (2 times)
2008 Assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony during development of heart failure by a novel program using ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT.
62  medial dorsal
(17 times)
Brain
(7 times)
AV (4 times)
VA (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1989 Anterior and medial thalamic lesions, discriminative avoidance learning, and cingulate cortical neuronal activity in rabbits.
63  mitochondrial dysfunction
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
LP (4 times)
3-NP (2 times)
CAD (2 times)
2007 In utero nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor exposure and signs of possible mitochondrial dysfunction in HIV-uninfected children.
64  multi-domain
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
PSD (6 times)
SD (6 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1999 Epitope mapping of CCR5 reveals multiple conformational states and distinct but overlapping structures involved in chemokine and coreceptor function.
65  Mammary ductoscopy
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PND (7 times)
BCS (3 times)
NAF (3 times)
2002 The evolving role of mammary ductoscopy.
66  microvessel density
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
VEGF (4 times)
PD-ECGF (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1997 [Correlation of neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor in human renal cell carcinoma].
67  maintenance dialysis
(15 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ESRD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
MHD (2 times)
1979 Comparative survival of 673 patients with chronic uremia treated with renal transplantation (RT) and maintenance hemodialysis (MD).
68  major depressive disorder
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
AD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1995 Descriptive validity and stability of diagnostic criteria for dysthymic disorder.
69  maternal death
(15 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
MNM (7 times)
PLTC (5 times)
MI (3 times)
2002 Severe acute maternal morbidity and mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex: changing patterns over 4 years.
70  mathematical disabilities
(15 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
VCFS (3 times)
RD (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1993 Mathematical disabilities: cognitive, neuropsychological, and genetic components.
71  mechanical debridement
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
BOP (9 times)
PD (9 times)
aPDT (7 times)
2006 In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model.
72  magnetic dipole
(14 times)
Optics and Photonics
(6 times)
ED (8 times)
EM (1 time)
LDOS (1 time)
2013 Time-resolved energy-momentum spectroscopy of electric and magnetic dipole transitions in Cr3+:MgO.
73  microdiscectomy
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
ODI (5 times)
VAS (4 times)
MED (3 times)
2006 Objective assessment of reduced invasiveness in MED. Compared with conventional one-level laminotomy.
74  motor domain
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
cryo-EM (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
CaM (1 time)
1995 A minimal motor domain from chicken skeletal muscle myosin.
75  moyamoya disease
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
STA-MCA (5 times)
STA (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1990 [An association of Shy-Drager syndrome with moyamoya disease--a case report].
76  main duct
(13 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
BD (6 times)
IPMNs (6 times)
IPMN (4 times)
2013 MUC2 expression and prevalence of high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.
77  mating disruption
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CM (4 times)
CRS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of mating disruption for control of lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus.
78  methidathion
(13 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
MDA (6 times)
ChE (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
1985 Effect of pesticides on the LDH activity and isoenzyme pattern of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) sera.
79  methyldopa
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1979 Antihypertensive effect of prazosin in combination with methyldopa, clonidine, or propranolol.
80  mild diabetic
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SD (13 times)
FBG (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1998 Hypoglycemic effect of Biophytum sensitivum in the alloxan diabetic rabbits.
81  mild dysplasia
(13 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
SD (8 times)
CIS (4 times)
OSCC (3 times)
1996 Genetic instabilities of chromosome 9, 17 and accumulation of p53 overexpression during multistage tumorigesis in head and neck cancer.
82  moderate disability
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
GR (12 times)
SD (11 times)
VS (6 times)
1992 Long-term follow-up of cerebral blood flow in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
83  moderate dose
(13 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
LD (9 times)
HD (7 times)
UD (3 times)
1987 Randomized trial comparing two short courses of moderate-dose metoclopramide for moderate-dose cisplatin-induced emesis.
84  middle-distance
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
LD (9 times)
RE (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1981 Anaerobic performance in middle and long distance runners.
85  modulation depth
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ER (2 times)
FM (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
86  monocular visual deprivation
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AVER (3 times)
OD (2 times)
dLGN (1 time)
1985 Benzodiazepine receptors in the visual structures of monocularly deprived rats. Effect of light and dark adaptation.
87  motion-defined
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
LD (5 times)
CD (3 times)
MS (2 times)
1990 Visual acuity for optotypes made visible by relative motion.
88  marginal discrepancy
(11 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
CAD-CAM (3 times)
MG (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
2003 Examining the range of normal intraindividual variability in neuropsychological test performance.
89  medial degeneration
(11 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AsAA (1 time)
cMFS (1 time)
MEMA-I (1 time)
2001 Asymmetric medial degeneration of the intrapericardial aorta in aortic valve disease.
90  medialis dorsalis
(11 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CL (3 times)
LP (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1975 Effect of stimulation of prefrontal cortex and amygdala on diencephalic neurons.
91  medical
(11 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
PT (3 times)
CSAS (1 time)
GHEs (1 time)
1991 Disabling low back Oregon workers' compensation claims. Part I: Methodology and clinical categorization of chiropractic and medical cases.
92  middle domain
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NTD (3 times)
AF (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
2001 Phosphorylation of p190 on Tyr1105 by c-Src is necessary but not sufficient for EGF-induced actin disassembly in C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts.
93  molecular docking
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
MDS (2 times)
ASPA (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
2013 A structure-differential binding method for elucidating the interactions between flavonoids and cytochrome-c by ESI-MS and molecular docking.
94  alpha-methyldopa
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
MNE (2 times)
3-OMMD (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1982 alpha-Methyldopa, alpha-methyldopamine an alpha-methylnoradrenaline: substrates for the thermolabile form of human platelet phenol sulphotransferase.
95  math difficulties
(10 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
DCD (2 times)
MDRD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2007 Private speech and strategy-use patterns: bidirectional comparisons of children with and without mathematical difficulties in a developmental perspective.
96  math disability
(10 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
RD (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
ID (2 times)
1992 Motor disability in children in three birth cohorts.
97  moderate
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PD (5 times)
sl (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1990 Risk of cancer in patients with gastric dysplasia. Follow-up study of 67 patients.
98  myeloid differentiation factor
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
TLR (6 times)
LPS (3 times)
TLR4 (3 times)
2009 Myeloid differentiation protein-2-dependent and -independent neutrophil accumulation during Escherichia coli pneumonia.
99  malate dehydrogenase
(9 times)
Neurons
(1 time)
LD (3 times)
SD (3 times)
ICD (2 times)
1975 Mucosal histochemistry in secretory otitis.
100  malignant disease
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NMD (2 times)
PPCT (2 times)
Ang-2 (1 time)
1989 The occurrence of malignant disease in adult nephrotic syndrome.