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Abbreviation: MD
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Long forms: 1292

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
molecular dynamics
(12604 times)
Chemistry
(5493 times)
DFT (425 times)
QM/MM (243 times)
NMR (209 times)
1986 Structural changes in retinol binding protein induced by retinol removal. A molecular dynamics study.
mean difference
(5823 times)
Medicine
(2632 times)
CI (3492 times)
RR (2138 times)
RCTs (2001 times)
1988 [Reproducibility and development of pulse wave velocity at rest and during exertion].
mean diffusivity
(1952 times)
Neurology
(591 times)
FA (1605 times)
DTI (1087 times)
AD (428 times)
2001 Diffusion tensor imaging in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Meniere's disease
(1402 times)
Otolaryngology
(430 times)
MDV (277 times)
EH (59 times)
HVT (52 times)
1968 Atypical cells in the peripheral blood of chickens exposed to Marek's disease agent.
mean deviation
(1148 times)
Ophthalmology
(857 times)
VF (268 times)
PSD (244 times)
IOP (208 times)
1975 The accuracy of diver sound localization by pointing.
major depression
(759 times)
Psychiatry
(365 times)
GAD (57 times)
AD (54 times)
PD (40 times)
1975 Conformity and psychopathology: a comparative study of conformity behaviors in manic-depressive, paranoid schizophrenic and normal populations.
Mediterranean diet
(455 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(155 times)
MDS (30 times)
BMI (29 times)
CI (28 times)
2003 An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
microdialysis
(234 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(41 times)
TBI (23 times)
ICP (20 times)
ECF (12 times)
1992 Extracellular changes of inorganic phosphate are different during spreading depression and global cerebral ischemia of rats.
muscular dystrophy
(226 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
DMD (21 times)
MS (15 times)
SCI (14 times)
1975 Echocardiographic evaluation of posterior left ventricular wall motion in muscular dystrophy.
10  myotonic dystrophy
(219 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECG (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
FSH (5 times)
1976 Peripheral nerve morphometry in myotonic dystrophy.
11  Meckel's diverticulum
(215 times)
General Surgery
(80 times)
GI (11 times)
DBE (8 times)
CT (6 times)
1981 Auto-amputation of Meckel's diverticulum. A case report.
12  molecular dynamics simulations
(207 times)
Chemistry
(78 times)
DFT (10 times)
CoMFA (8 times)
CoMSIA (7 times)
1990 Insights into the function of the zinc hydroxide-Thr199-Glu106 hydrogen bonding network in carbonic anhydrases.
13  monocular deprivation
(182 times)
Neurology
(97 times)
OD (48 times)
CP (9 times)
LGN (9 times)
1982 Behavioural, physiological, and anatomical consequences of monocular deprivation in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
14  mammographic density
(180 times)
Neoplasms
(123 times)
BMI (29 times)
BC (21 times)
OR (21 times)
2007 Strong evidence of a genetic determinant for mammographic density, a major risk factor for breast cancer.
15  membrane distillation
(169 times)
Environmental Health
(101 times)
PVDF (25 times)
DCMD (20 times)
FO (17 times)
2000 Membrane distillation of human plasma ultrafiltrate and its theoretical applications to haemodialysis techniques.
16  mean defect
(153 times)
Ophthalmology
(112 times)
IOP (27 times)
MS (27 times)
POAG (24 times)
1986 [Detectability of glaucomatous visual field defects with the Octopus automatic perimeter. A comparison between program G-1 and programs 31 and 32 and their combinations].
17  maltodextrin
(147 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
GA (25 times)
DSC (7 times)
SEM (7 times)
1983 Energy metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides versus carbohydrates during exercise.
18  maternal deprivation
(139 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
PND (28 times)
DA (8 times)
HPA (8 times)
1983 Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats.
19  mediodorsal
(121 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
VM (18 times)
VL (15 times)
PFC (12 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
20  macula densa
(118 times)
Physiology
(60 times)
TGF (46 times)
NO (22 times)
JGA (11 times)
1976 Functional segmentation of the rabbit distal tubule by microdetermination of hormone-dependent adenylate cyclase activity.
21  mesiodistal
(114 times)
Dentistry
(59 times)
BL (66 times)
CBCT (6 times)
FL (5 times)
1984 Tooth morphology and lower incisor alignment many years after orthodontic therapy.
22  maintenance dose
(93 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
LD (59 times)
PCI (15 times)
CAD (11 times)
1988 Warfarin dosage requirements: prospective clinical trial of a method for prediction from the response to a single dose.
23  mitochondrial disease
(91 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
mtDNA (8 times)
MELAS (6 times)
nDNA (6 times)
1994 [Clinical and investigative approaches in mitochondrial diseases. A review of 15 cases].
24  meningococcal disease
(84 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CI (8 times)
GMI (5 times)
PFGE (3 times)
1983 Meningococcal disease in South Australia: incidence and serogroup distribution 1971-1980.
25  mental disorders
(77 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
MSD (6 times)
PHC (4 times)
SUD (4 times)
1993 Implications of mental and substance use disorders. A comparison of single and dual diagnosis patients.
26  mediodorsal nucleus
(75 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
CM (10 times)
CL (9 times)
PFC (9 times)
1975 An olfactory projection area in orbitofrontal cortex of the monkey.
27  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(74 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PFC (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
OT (4 times)
1980 Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. I. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on olfactory discrimination in the rat.
28  mediodorsal thalamus
(74 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
PFC (15 times)
ACC (10 times)
mPFC (10 times)
1976 Inhibition of gonadotropin secretion induced by stimulation of thalamic nuclei.
29  mood disorders
(72 times)
Psychiatry
(33 times)
AD (8 times)
BD (8 times)
MDD (6 times)
1995 35% CO2 challenge in panic and mood disorders.
30  mixed dementia
(64 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
AD (45 times)
VaD (24 times)
MCI (21 times)
1990 [Neuropathologic study of 50 cases of senile dementia].
31  movement disorders
(56 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
PD (7 times)
MS (3 times)
NBS (3 times)
1993 [Abnormal movements of the larynx. Diagnostic approach and therapeutic perspectives].
32  macular degeneration
(54 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
AMD (6 times)
RP (6 times)
PRL (5 times)
1997 Structural and developmental analysis of the mouse peripherin/rds gene.
33  medical doctor
(53 times)
Chiropractic
(5 times)
DC (6 times)
CI (4 times)
NP (3 times)
1990 A survey regarding the disclosure of the diagnosis of cancer in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
34  mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus
(53 times)
Brain
(26 times)
mPFC (6 times)
PFC (6 times)
HR (4 times)
1978 The prefrontal cortex of the cat: anatomical subdivisions based on retrograde labeling of cells in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus.
35  medical devices
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
DEHP (3 times)
CE (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
1998 [Impact of hospital infection on medical expenditures in a continuing care and rehabilitation service at a geriatric hospital].
36  menadione
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ROS (8 times)
GCS (3 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
1990 Oxidative stress in isolated rat renal proximal and distal tubular cells.
37  mean diffusion
(48 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
FA (35 times)
DTI (19 times)
MK (16 times)
2008 Microstructural integrity of the corpus callosum linked with neuropsychological performance in adolescents.
38  Medicine
(46 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
DO (8 times)
NIH (4 times)
NP (3 times)
1989 The McMaster M.D. program: a case study of renewal in medical education.
39  minimal disease
(46 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
BM (6 times)
MA (5 times)
HAs (3 times)
1984 Experimental studies of a coronavirus and coronavirus-like agent in a barrier-maintained feline breeding colony.
40  mucosal disease
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
BVDV (28 times)
cp (18 times)
ncp (12 times)
1976 The growth of respiratory syncytial virus in organ cultures of bovine foetal trachea.
41  Mikulicz's disease
(45 times)
Rheumatology
(17 times)
SS (16 times)
IgG4 (9 times)
IgG4-RD (9 times)
2000 Mikulicz's disease and Sjogren's syndrome.
42  multiple-demand
(44 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
fMRI (4 times)
DMN (3 times)
MVPA (2 times)
2006 EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
43  muscle dysmorphia
(42 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
BDD (6 times)
ED (4 times)
EDs (4 times)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters.
44  moderately differentiated
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PD (30 times)
WD (30 times)
HCC (6 times)
1976 Changes in (125I) labeled human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) binding to porcine granulosa cells during follicle development and cell culture.
45  mineral density
(34 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
micro-CT (7 times)
BMD (4 times)
CNR (3 times)
1993 Variability of mineral density in coralline hydroxyapatite spheres: study by quantitative computed tomography.
46  maximum diameter
(33 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (4 times)
AAA (2 times)
CSA (2 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
47  medium dose
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HD (16 times)
LD (15 times)
ICS (3 times)
1991 Doxorubicin-induced cross-resistance to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) related to differential TNF processing.
48  Menetrier's disease
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
CMV (4 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Hypertrophic gastropathy with transient sessile polyps.
49  monochorionic diamniotic
(32 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
TTTS (13 times)
DD (10 times)
FLP (4 times)
1999 Characteristics of monochorionic-diamniotic growth-retarded twins during the third trimester.
50  multiple doses
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SD (19 times)
PK (6 times)
AUC (3 times)
1981 Delayed alloimmunisation by random single donor platelet transfusions. A randomised study to compare single donor and multiple donor platelet transfusions in cancer patients with severe thrombocytopenia.
51  Mahalanobis distance
(31 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
PCA (4 times)
LDA (3 times)
SVM (3 times)
1989 [Analysis of ultrasound B-mode histogram in thyroid tumors].
52  mitochondrial dysfunction
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LP (4 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
PBMCs (3 times)
2007 In utero nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor exposure and signs of possible mitochondrial dysfunction in HIV-uninfected children.
53  Maryland
(30 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
NY (5 times)
NJ (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1976 Strains of infectious bronchitis virus on the Delmarva peninsula and in Arkansas.
54  mathematics difficulties
(29 times)
Psychology
(18 times)
MDRD (3 times)
TA (3 times)
RD (2 times)
1997 Cognitive arithmetic and problem solving: a comparison of children with specific and general mathematics difficulties.
55  magnetic dipole
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
ED (15 times)
a-Si (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2013 Time-resolved energy-momentum spectroscopy of electric and magnetic dipole transitions in Cr3+:MgO.
56  mechanical debridement
(27 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
PD (17 times)
BOP (16 times)
aPDT (13 times)
2006 In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model.
57  mechanical dispersion
(27 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
LV (13 times)
GLS (11 times)
CMR (5 times)
2013 Early echocardiographic deformation analysis for the prediction of sudden cardiac death and life-threatening arrhythmias after myocardial infarction.
58  monocularly deprived
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LGN (3 times)
NGF (2 times)
7-MX (1 time)
1975 Effects of visual cortex lesions following recovery from monocular deprivation in the cat.
59  molecular docking
(26 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CD (3 times)
MDS (3 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
2013 A structure-differential binding method for elucidating the interactions between flavonoids and cytochrome-c by ESI-MS and molecular docking.
60  maternal death
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
MNM (16 times)
PLTC (8 times)
SMO (7 times)
2002 Severe acute maternal morbidity and mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex: changing patterns over 4 years.
61  microdensitometry
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DXA (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
1988 Microdensity of solitary bone cyst after steroid injection.
62  mating disruption
(24 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
CM (4 times)
CRS (2 times)
EGVM (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of mating disruption for control of lightbrown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus.
63  multidimensional
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
UD (2 times)
1996 Applications of multidimensional-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-Fourier transform infrared-mass spectrometry.
64  Minamata disease
(23 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ADL (3 times)
BADL (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
1985 Mortality and survival for Minamata disease.
65  Mullerian duct
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
WD (5 times)
FRT (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
1983 Action of testis graft from puromycin- or cAMP-pretreated donor embryos on the regression of Mullerian ducts in the female chick embryo.
66  multidetector
(22 times)
Radiology
(13 times)
CT (12 times)
CNR (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2005 The effect of z overscanning on patient effective dose from multidetector helical computed tomography examinations.
67  minimal difference
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ICC (10 times)
SEM (10 times)
EMG (2 times)
2008 Assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony during development of heart failure by a novel program using ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT.
68  Musician's dystonia
(21 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FTSD (2 times)
WD (2 times)
AAF (1 time)
2005 Pathophysiological differences between musician's dystonia and writer's cramp.
69  marginal discrepancy
(20 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
AMD (5 times)
CAD-CAM (5 times)
MG (3 times)
2003 Examining the range of normal intraindividual variability in neuropsychological test performance.
70  microdiscectomy
(20 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
ODI (6 times)
VAS (4 times)
CPK (3 times)
2005 Objective assessment of reduced invasiveness in MED. Compared with conventional one-level laminotomy.
71  middle domain
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
NTD (6 times)
NBD1 (5 times)
FUS (2 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of p190 on Tyr1105 by c-Src is necessary but not sufficient for EGF-induced actin disassembly in C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts.
72  modulation depth
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
THz (3 times)
EAM (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
73  major depressive disorder
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
BD (2 times)
BP (2 times)
GAD (2 times)
1995 Descriptive validity and stability of diagnostic criteria for dysthymic disorder.
74  multi-domain
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
PSD (8 times)
SD (6 times)
aMCI (3 times)
1999 Epitope mapping of CCR5 reveals multiple conformational states and distinct but overlapping structures involved in chemokine and coreceptor function.
75  main duct
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
IPMNs (9 times)
BD (8 times)
IPMN (6 times)
2013 MUC2 expression and prevalence of high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in mixed-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.
76  medial dorsal
(18 times)
Brain
(8 times)
AV (4 times)
VA (3 times)
VPL (3 times)
1989 Anterior and medial thalamic lesions, discriminative avoidance learning, and cingulate cortical neuronal activity in rabbits.
77  maintenance dialysis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (2 times)
MHD (2 times)
1979 Comparative survival of 673 patients with chronic uremia treated with renal transplantation (RT) and maintenance hemodialysis (MD).
78  Mammary ductoscopy
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PND (8 times)
BCS (3 times)
NAF (3 times)
2002 The evolving role of mammary ductoscopy.
79  mild diabetic
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SD (15 times)
FBG (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1998 Hypoglycemic effect of Biophytum sensitivum in the alloxan diabetic rabbits.
80  moral disengagement
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(6 times)
CWB (2 times)
SRE (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2009 Developmental precursors of moral disengagement and the role of moral disengagement in the development of antisocial behavior.
81  material decomposition
(16 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DECT (7 times)
ROC (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2010 Combined domain-decomposition and matrix-decomposition scheme for large-scale diffuse optical tomography.
82  mathematical disabilities
(16 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
RD (3 times)
VCFS (3 times)
TD (2 times)
1993 Mathematical disabilities: cognitive, neuropsychological, and genetic components.
83  metastatic disease
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LR (6 times)
BC (4 times)
LD (4 times)
1994 [Imaging diagnosis of non-lymph node metastasis of bladder carcinoma].
84  microvessel density
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
VEGF (4 times)
PD-ECGF (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1997 [Correlation of neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor in human renal cell carcinoma].
85  motor domain
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
cryo-EM (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1995 A minimal motor domain from chicken skeletal muscle myosin.
86  moyamoya disease
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
STA-MCA (5 times)
STA (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1990 [An association of Shy-Drager syndrome with moyamoya disease--a case report].
87  medical
(15 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
IPE (4 times)
PT (4 times)
RIPLS (3 times)
1991 Disabling low back Oregon workers' compensation claims. Part I: Methodology and clinical categorization of chiropractic and medical cases.
88  microdomain
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
ADPR (4 times)
ANK (2 times)
NSP (2 times)
2007 Myelin protein zero is one of the components of the detergent-resistant membrane microdomain fraction prepared from rat pituitary.
89  moderate dose
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
LD (10 times)
HD (7 times)
UD (3 times)
1987 Randomized trial comparing two short courses of moderate-dose metoclopramide for moderate-dose cisplatin-induced emesis.
90  medium
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
ADSCs (1 time)
AIAS (1 time)
1997 Densitometric quantitative analysis of intracoronary ultrasound images: anatomopathological correlation.
91  methyldopa
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LD (4 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1979 Antihypertensive effect of prazosin in combination with methyldopa, clonidine, or propranolol.
92  middle deltoid
(14 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
UT (10 times)
EMG (7 times)
SA (7 times)
2006 Effect of mechanical compression due to load carrying on shoulder muscle fatigue during sustained isometric arm abduction: an electromyographic study.
93  moderate disability
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
GR (13 times)
SD (12 times)
VS (7 times)
1992 Long-term follow-up of cerebral blood flow in patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
94  multiple dendritic
(14 times)
Biology
(5 times)
PNS (4 times)
ch (3 times)
es (2 times)
1995 Origin and specification of type II sensory neurons in Drosophila.
95  machine direction
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TD (5 times)
CD (1 time)
CNF (1 time)
2016 Oriented Cellulose Nanopaper (OCNP) based on bagasse cellulose nanofibrils.
96  maladaptive daydreaming
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CSA (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2016 Parallel lives: A phenomenological study of the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming.
97  math difficulties
(13 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
DCD (2 times)
MDRD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2007 Private speech and strategy-use patterns: bidirectional comparisons of children with and without mathematical difficulties in a developmental perspective.
98  mechanical dyssynchrony
(13 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CRT (6 times)
LV (6 times)
CMR (2 times)
2007 The resynchronization therapy in narrow QRS study (RethinQ study): methods and protocol design.
99  Mediterranean-type diet
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
HFD (4 times)
FFQ (2 times)
HCVRF (2 times)
2001 Complementary effects of Mediterranean diet and moderate red wine intake on haemostatic cardiovascular risk factors.
100  methidathion
(13 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
MDA (6 times)
ChE (4 times)
PQ (4 times)
1985 Effect of pesticides on the LDH activity and isoenzyme pattern of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) sera.