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Abbreviation: MDF
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Long forms: 127

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
median frequency
(87 times)
Physiology
(41 times)
RMS (36 times)
EMG (25 times)
sEMG (23 times)
1991 pH-induced effects on median frequency and conduction velocity of the myoelectric signal.
myocardial depressant factor
(67 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
MABP (15 times)
SAO (8 times)
SMAF (7 times)
1974 Editorial: Myocardial depressant factor (MDF) in cardiogenic shock.
medium-density fiberboard
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
PB (6 times)
IB (5 times)
OSB (5 times)
1999 Chamber assessment of formaldehyde and VOC emissions from wood-based panels.
mass defect filtering
(58 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(33 times)
EIC (4 times)
LC/MS (4 times)
MS (4 times)
2006 Detection and characterization of metabolites in biological matrices using mass defect filtering of liquid chromatography/high resolution mass spectrometry data.
mucin-depleted foci
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
ACF (34 times)
DMH (23 times)
AOM (8 times)
2003 Identification of mucin-depleted foci in the unsectioned colon of azoxymethane-treated rats: correlation with carcinogenesis.
mass-dependent fractionation
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
MIF (26 times)
CV-MC-ICP-MS (2 times)
GEM (2 times)
2007 Mass-dependent and -independent fractionation of hg isotopes by photoreduction in aquatic systems.
mean dominant frequency
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
EEG (6 times)
HE (4 times)
Er (2 times)
1976 Intravenous administration of diazepam in patients with chronic liver disease.
Membrane differential filtration
(12 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
LDL (5 times)
AMD (3 times)
DFPP (3 times)
1990 Functional characteristics of LDL particles derived from various LDL-apheresis techniques regarding LDL-drug-complex preparation.
multiple daily fractionation
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CF (4 times)
DFS (1 time)
1980 Multiple daily fractionation (MDF) radiotherapy in association with hyperthermia and/or misonidazole: experimental and clinical results.
10  mitochondrial dysfunction
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OS (7 times)
ROS (4 times)
DDR (3 times)
2013 Sjogren's syndrome-associated oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction: prospects for chemoprevention trials.
11  multidimensional flow cytometry
(11 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
AML (4 times)
ALL (3 times)
MDS (3 times)
1998 Multidimensional flow cytometry of marrow can differentiate leukemic from normal lymphoblasts and myeloblasts after chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.
12  maximum detachment force
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TWA (7 times)
CF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2001 Improvement in the mucoadhesive properties of alginate by the covalent attachment of cysteine.
13  macrophage deactivation factor
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MAF (1 time)
1986 Macrophage deactivation. Altered kinetic properties of superoxide-producing enzyme after exposure to tumor cell-conditioned medium.
14  macrophage-derived factor
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
JEV (4 times)
iNOS (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1989 Establishment of two interleukin 6 (B cell stimulatory factor 2/interferon beta 2)-dependent human bone marrow-derived myeloma cell lines.
15  most discriminant factor
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ROC (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
DM (1 time)
1998 Vision-guided navigation using SHOSLIF.
16  macrophage derived neutrophil chemotactic factor
(6 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
JEV (6 times)
fMLP (1 time)
i.c (1 time)
1992 Breakdown of blood-brain barrier by virus-induced cytokine during Japanese encephalitis virus infection.
17  maximum driven frequency
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FRP (2 times)
BER (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
1975 Electrical stimulation of small intestinal electrical control activity.
18  median frequency of power spectrum
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ARV (2 times)
CV (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1998 Sarcolemmal excitability in myotonic dystrophy: assessment through surface EMG.
19  median power frequency
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
RMS (4 times)
ARV (2 times)
MNF (2 times)
2002 Upper trapezius muscle mechanomyographic and electromyographic activity in humans during low force fatiguing and non-fatiguing contractions.
20  motion-defined form
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
TMS (2 times)
TPO (2 times)
fMRI (1 time)
1998 Tracing the timing of human analysis of motion and chromatic signals from occipital to temporo-parieto-occipital cortex: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study.
21  muscle-derived differentiation factor
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TH (4 times)
aFGF (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1989 A muscle-derived factor(s) induces expression of a catecholamine phenotype in neurons of cultured rat cerebral cortex.
22  mixed deciduous forest
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DDF (2 times)
BB (1 time)
FLL (1 time)
2018 Predicting Geographic Distribution of Forensically Significant Blow Flies of Subfamily Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Northern Thailand.
23  modal damping factor
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ISQ (1 time)
OC (1 time)
pQCT (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of modal damping factor as a diagnostic tool for osteoporosis and its relation with serum osteocalcin and collagen I N-telopeptide for monitoring the efficacy of alendronate in ovariectomized rats.
24  mouse dermal fibroblast
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
hBMSC (1 time)
HIF (1 time)
2011 Induction of chondrogenic cells from dermal fibroblast culture by defined factors does not involve a pluripotent state.
25  multi-directional forging
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
UTS (1 time)
2018 Microstructure, Texture, Electrical and Mechanical Properties of AA-6063 Processed by Multi Directional Forging.
26  myelodysplastic features
(3 times)
HIV Infections
(1 time)
MDS (2 times)
MVD (2 times)
EPO (1 time)
2001 Myelodysplastic features in patients with long-term HIV infection and haemophilia.
27  map-dot-fingerprint
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PTK (2 times)
BL (1 time)
BSCVA (1 time)
1998 Phototherapeutic keratectomy for map-dot-fingerprint corneal dystrophy.
28  marine diesel fuel
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
2007 Removal of Pb and MDF from contaminated soils by EDTA- and SDS-enhanced washing.
29  mass-dependent isotope fractionation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MIF (2 times)
IHg (1 time)
2009 Anomalous mercury isotopic compositions of fish and human hair in the Bolivian Amazon.
30  max-min driving force
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
EFMs (1 time)
2018 OptMDFpathway: Identification of metabolic pathways with maximal thermodynamic driving force and its application for analyzing the endogenous CO2 fixation potential of Escherichia coli.
31  maximal developed force
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BDF (2 times)
1982 Positive inotropic responses in cardiac muscles: influence of stimulation frequency and species.
32  maximum duration of fertility
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
EW40 (1 time)
2012 The SNP genotypes of growth hormone gene associated with reproductive traits in Tsaiya ducks.
33  median power spectral frequency
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2009 Muscle modifications in fibromyalgic patients revealed by surface electromyography (SEMG) analysis.
34  medium-density fiber
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 1991 Symptoms, airway physiology and histology of workers exposed to medium-density fiber board.
35  medium-diameter forest
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DBH (2 times)
SDF (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
2019 Soil organic carbon accumulation and several physicochemical soil properties under stone pine and maritime pine plantations in coastal dune, Durusu-Istanbul.
36  microdose flare
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2003 Treatment-associated serum FSH levels in very poor responders to ovarian stimulation.
37  minimal discharge field
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
RF (2 times)
TC (1 time)
1996 Synaptic integration fields and associative plasticity of visual cortical cells in vivo.
38  modafinil
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2019 Efficacy, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Lisdexamfetamine, Mixed Amphetamine Salts, Methylphenidate, and Modafinil in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
39  mode-distribution function
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
QENS (1 time)
2013 Mode-distribution analysis of quasielastic neutron scattering and application to liquid water.
40  modified dietary fiber
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2016 Modified Dietary Fiber from Cassava Pulp and Assessment of Mercury Bioaccessibility and Intestinal Uptake Using an In Vitro Digestion/Caco-2 Model System.
41  molecular descriptors family
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MDFV (1 time)
qSAR (1 time)
2009 Comparison of quantitative structure-activity relationship model performances on carboquinone derivatives.
42  molecular detection function
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
FCS (2 times)
GPF NMR (1 time)
2007 Two-focus fluorescence correlation spectroscopy: a new tool for accurate and absolute diffusion measurements.
43  myogenic determination factor
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1996 Myogenic determination factor expression in the developing avian limb bud: an RT-PCR analysis.
44  Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
--- 2018 Consensus-based care recommendations for adults with myotonic dystrophy type 1.
45  macrophage differentiating factor(s)
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1993 A macrophage differentiating factor derived from human T cell line HUT102 acting on a mouse myeloid cell line M1.
46  Maddrey Discriminant Factor
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
SAMe (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2009 Understanding and treating patients with alcoholic cirrhosis: an update.
47  magnetic particle image data format
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2020 OpenMPIData: An initiative for freely accessible magnetic particle imaging data.
48  mandibular foramen
(1 time)
Malocclusion
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
IF (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2019 Application of the foramina of the trigeminal nerve as landmarks for analysis of craniofacial morphology.
49  Manic Depression Fellowship
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
SIMS (1 time)
2007 Patients' perceptions of information received about medication prescribed for bipolar disorder: implications for informed choice.
50  map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PTK (1 time)
2015 Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for treatment of recurrent corneal erosion: Correlation between etiology and prognosis - prospective longitudinal study.
51  Marker Dependency Filtering
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
MSEA (1 time)
wKDA (1 time)
2016 Mergeomics: a web server for identifying pathological pathways, networks, and key regulators via multidimensional data integration.
52  Massouras Duck's Foot
(1 time)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
--- 1982 Management of uterine adhesions with 'Massouras Duck's Foot' and 'Butterfly' IUDs.
53  master drug file
(1 time)
Hospitals
(1 time)
--- 1979 Development of a multifunctional drug file for hospital pharmacy computer applications.
54  maximal displacement factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPSC (1 time)
RAC (1 time)
1991 Cefmenoxime and bilirubin: competition for albumin binding.
55  maximum decelerative force
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MAF (1 time)
MVF (1 time)
1989 Changes in limb loading with lameness for a number of Friesian cattle.
56  maximum diameter of the follicle
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2017 Effect of season on follicular population, quality and nuclear maturation of bovine oocytes under tropical conditions.
57  maximum difference function
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
MRIgFUS (1 time)
2003 MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound surgery of breast cancer: correlation of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI with histopathologic findings.
58  maximum dilution factor
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2006 Semi-quantitative analysis of Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen: kinetics of antigen titers and severity of diseases.
59  MD-fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2004 Maitake beta-glucan MD-fraction enhances bone marrow colony formation and reduces doxorubicin toxicity in vitro.
60  mean diastolic flow
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
EDD (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
2008 The association of coronary flow changes and inflammatory indices to ischaemia-reperfusion microvascular damage and left ventricular remodelling.
61  mean discharge frequency
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
1999 [Effect of stimulating the peripheral endings of transected dorsal root on discharges of neighbouring dorsal root in rats].
62  mean dominant frequency of the EEG
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1998 Improvement of chronic hepatic encephalopathy in dogs by the benzodiazepine-receptor partial inverse agonist sarmazenil, but not by the antagonist flumazenil.
63  mean force of the deactivation plateau
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
NiTi (1 time)
2019 The effect of orthodontic clinical use on the mechanical characteristics of nickel-titanium closed-coil springs.
64  mechanical device failure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CF-LVAD (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2018 Long-Term Mechanical Durability of Left Ventricular Assist Devices: An Urgent Call for Periodic Assessment of Technical Integrity.
65  Media Detective Family
(1 time)
MLE (1 time)
2017 The effectiveness of online, family-based media literacy education for substance abuse prevention in elementary school children: Study of the Media Detective Family program.
66  medial distal femoral plate
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FMFC (1 time)
2020 Characteristics of medial condyle sagittal fracture of distal femur involving intercondylar notch in geriatric patients.
67  medial distal femur
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MPF (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2012 The effect of medial condylar bone loss of the knee on coronal plane stability--a cadaveric study.
68  median density frequency
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
MFCV (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1999 Hemoglobin near-infrared spectroscopy and surface EMG study in muscle ischaemia and fatiguing isometric contraction.
69  median frequency content
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2016 Acute severe male hypo-testosteronemia affects central motor command in humans.
70  membrane-based desiccant fiber
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
VDC (1 time)
2016 Development of Membrane-Based Desiccant Fiber for Vacuum Desiccant Cooling.
71  MERISTEM-DEFECTIVE
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CLV3 (1 time)
PIN2 (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
2009 MERISTEM-DEFECTIVE, an RS domain protein, is required for the correct meristem patterning and function in Arabidopsis.
72  mesenchymal differentiation factors
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
NCCs (1 time)
2020 PuraMatrix allows differentiation of a broad repertoire of neural and mesenchymal phenotypes from trunk neural crest.
73  MIC decrease factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2020 Propranolol, chlorpromazine and diclofenac restore susceptibility of extensively drug-resistant (XDR)-Acinetobacter baumannii to fluoroquinolones.
74  microdialysis fiber
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CVC (1 time)
LA (1 time)
WBH (1 time)
2009 The effect of microdialysis needle trauma on cutaneous vascular responses in humans.
75  microdose follicular flare
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2009 Microdose follicular flare: a viable alternative for normal-responding patients undergoing in vitro fertilization?
76  microdose GnRH agonist flare
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2015 Growth Hormone Supplementation in the Luteal Phase Before Microdose GnRH Agonist Flare Protocol for In Vitro Fertilization.
77  microfiltration-diafiltration
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
L-RSM (1 time)
MCR (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2008 Membrane fractionation processes for removing 90% to 95% of the lactose and sodium from skim milk and for preparing lactose and sodium-reduced skim milk.
78  micronized DF with ball-milling
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
2014 Physicochemical and functional properties of micronized jincheng orange by-products (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) dietary fiber and its application as a fat replacer in yogurt.
79  microporous dendrimer framework
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 A fluorescent microporous crystalline dendrimer discriminates vapour molecules.
80  Microsatellite DNA families
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
nSSR (1 time)
2016 Repetitive flanking sequences challenge microsatellite marker development: a case study in the lepidopteran Melanargia galathea.
81  Mid Plane Dose Factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP-PA TBI (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1994 Lung correction and mid plane irradiation dose factors in anatomic phantoms of proportional sizes.
82  mid plane dose factors
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2002 A dosimetric method of total body irradiation.
83  midday fogging
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2019 A measure of tear inflow in habitual scleral lens wearers with and without midday fogging.
84  midgut differentiation factors
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2005 Stimulation of midgut stem cell proliferation and differentiation by insect hormones and peptides.
85  milk-derived factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Effect of a milk-derived factor on the inflammatory response to Staphylococcus aureus intramammary infection.
86  milk-derived fibroblast
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
EDF (1 time)
2012 Production of nuclear transfer embryos by using somatic cells isolated from milk in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).
87  miniature diffusion flame
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
FIGS (1 time)
HG-CT (1 time)
2014 Speciation analysis of arsenic by selective hydride generation-cryotrapping-atomic fluorescence spectrometry with flame-in-gas-shield atomizer: achieving extremely low detection limits with inexpensive instrumentation.
88  minimally or no delayed filling
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BOT (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
LSFG (1 time)
2015 Pulse Waveform Changes in Macular Choroidal Hemodynamics With Regression of Acute Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.
89  minimum detectable force
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Piconewton force measurement using a nanometric photonic crystal diaphragm.
90  minimum discrepancy function
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2017 Asymptotics of AIC, BIC, and RMSEA for Model Selection in Structural Equation Modeling.
91  minimum distraction force
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CSR (1 time)
1987 A miniaturised parallel-plate shearing apparatus for the measurement of cell adhesion.
92  minimum dose fraction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
1986 Prediction of drug residence times in regions of the human respiratory tract following aerosol inhalation.
93  mixed dipterocarp forest
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2015 Controls on foliar nutrient and aluminium concentrations in a tropical tree flora: phylogeny, soil chemistry and interactions among elements.
94  mixed dust fibrosis
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
Mac (1 time)
2000 Mixed dust fibrosis and tuberculosis in comparison with silicosis and macular pneumoconiosis.
95  mixed-dust fibrotic nodules
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
MDP (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2004 Proposed criteria for mixed-dust pneumoconiosis: definition, descriptions, and guidelines for pathologic diagnosis and clinical correlation.
96  mobile digital X-ray fluoroscopy
(1 time)
X-Rays
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2015 Performance of mobile digital X-ray fluoroscopy using a novel flat panel detector for intraoperative use.
97  Model-data fusion
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
2011 Integrating models with data in ecology and palaeoecology: advances towards a model-data fusion approach.
98  model-dependent foraging
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MIF (1 time)
2006 Social influences on the development of foraging behavior in free-living common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus).
99  moderate delayed flow
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
IJVs (1 time)
MS (1 time)
SDF (1 time)
2013 Internal jugular veins out flow in patients with multiple sclerosis:a catheter venography study.
100  modified dairy fat
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
LCT (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
1988 Enhanced skeletal muscle and liver protein synthesis with structured lipid in enterally fed burned rats.