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Abbreviation: MDI
Appearance Frequency: 2192 time(s)
Long forms: 212

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
metered dose inhaler
(708 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(345 times)
COPD (56 times)
DPI (55 times)
CFC (37 times)
1982 Response to bronchodilator drug administration by a new reservoir aerosol delivery system and a review of other auxiliary delivery systems.
Mental Development Index
(355 times)
Pediatrics
(169 times)
PDI (201 times)
BSID-II (38 times)
VLBW (26 times)
1978 Fetal malnutrition: an experimental study of its consequences on infant development in two caregiving environments.
multiple daily injections
(264 times)
Endocrinology
(177 times)
CSII (192 times)
CGM (28 times)
T1D (26 times)
1983 Diets for insulin pump and multiple daily injection therapy.
methylene diphenyl diisocyanate
(191 times)
Occupational Medicine
(42 times)
MDA (29 times)
TDI (24 times)
HDI (20 times)
1980 Mutagenic action of isocyanates used in the production of polyurethanes.
Major Depression Inventory
(86 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
QOL (7 times)
PPS (5 times)
IHD (4 times)
0 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in First-Episode Psychosis: Prevalence and Related Factors.
multiple daily insulin injections
(71 times)
Endocrinology
(41 times)
CSII (42 times)
CGM (9 times)
T1D (8 times)
1997 Effects of multiple daily insulin injections and intraperitoneal insulin therapy on cholesteryl ester transfer and lipoprotein lipase activities in NIDDM.
microbiologically documented infection
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CDI (15 times)
FUO (13 times)
FN (6 times)
1994 [Empirical antimicrobial therapy in neutropenic patients. Results of a multicenter study by the Infections in Hematology Study Group of the Paul Ehrlich Society].
multidirectional instability
(31 times)
Orthopedics
(18 times)
MRA (2 times)
ABER (1 time)
AIGHL (1 time)
1995 Multidirectional instability: current concepts.
manic-depressive illness
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
TH (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1978 Affective disorder in adolescence: issues in misdiagnosis.
10  methylisobutylxanthine, dexamethasone, and insulin
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FAS (3 times)
SCD (3 times)
NO (2 times)
1985 Flow cytometric analysis of DNA replication during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
11  modulation detection interference
(15 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
AM (2 times)
CMR (2 times)
CDD (1 time)
1990 A comparison among three measures of cross-spectral processing of amplitude modulation with tonal signals.
12  Myositis Damage Index
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
DAS (6 times)
DM (4 times)
JDM (4 times)
2004 International consensus outcome measures for patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Development and initial validation of myositis activity and damage indices in patients with adult onset disease.
13  multiple daily insulin
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
CSII (8 times)
T1DM (7 times)
BMI (3 times)
1996 Implantable insulin pump vs multiple-dose insulin for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a randomized clinical trial. Department of Veterans Affairs Implantable Insulin Pump Study Group.
14  methylene diisocyanate
(13 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
TDI (5 times)
HDI (3 times)
DMA (2 times)
1985 Respiratory abnormalities among workers in an iron and steel foundry.
15  multiple daily injections of insulin
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CSII (7 times)
CI (3 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
2007 Level of glycemic control and pregnancy outcome in type 1 diabetes: a comparison between multiple daily insulin injections and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusions.
16  mini dental implants
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
FE (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
SDI (1 time)
2008 Comparison of detachment forces of two implant overdenture attachment types: effect of detachment speed.
17  metabolism-dependent inhibition
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
HLMs (2 times)
7-BQ (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 Fluorine substitution can block CYP3A4 metabolism-dependent inhibition: identification of (S)-N-[1-(4-fluoro-3- morpholin-4-ylphenyl)ethyl]-3- (4-fluorophenyl)acrylamide as an orally bioavailable KCNQ2 opener devoid of CYP3A4 metabolism-dependent inhibition.
18  model of diphenylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate
(8 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
BAL (3 times)
BN (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
1984 Diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI)-induced asthma: evaluation of the immunologic responses and application of an animal model of isocyanate sensitivity.
19  motor deficit index
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
I/R (3 times)
MPO (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2011 Magnesium sulfate does not protect spinal cord against ischemic injury.
20  diphenylmethane di-isocyanate
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
TDI (5 times)
BAL (1 time)
FTL (1 time)
1979 Toluene di-isocyanate-induced asthma. I. Reactions to TDI, MDI, HDI and histamine.
21  methyl deviation index
(7 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
CTV (1 time)
dB (1 time)
2003 Biological characteristics of cell lines of human dental alveolus.
22  monocyte differentiation-inducing
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IFN (2 times)
IL (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
2006 Characterization of monocyte differentiation-inducing (MDI) factors derived from human fetal membrane chorion cells undergoing apoptosis after influenza virus infection.
23  multiple-dose insulin
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CSII (4 times)
CBG (1 time)
IIP (1 time)
1998 The Veterans Affairs Implantable Insulin Pump Study: effect on cardiovascular risk factors.
24  Muscle Dysmorphia Inventory
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BDS (2 times)
MD (2 times)
BBs (1 time)
2002 Muscle dysmorphia in elite-level power lifters and bodybuilders: a test of differences within a conceptual model.
25  maternally-derived immunity
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HI (3 times)
ADWG (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
1991 Use of an infectious bronchitis virus and Escherichia coli model infection to assess the ability to vaccinate successfully against infectious bronchitis in the presence of maternally-derived immunity.
26  measurement-device-independent
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
QKD (4 times)
CV-QKD (1 time)
DPM (1 time)
2014 Modeling a measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution system.
27  manic-depressive insanity
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
DP (2 times)
BD (1 time)
DSM III (1 time)
1986 Inpatient diagnoses during Adolf Meyer's tenure as director of the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic, 1913-1940.
28  Michelson Doppler Imager
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
SOHO (2 times)
EFRs (1 time)
GOES (1 time)
1999 In Search of Emerging Magnetic Flux underneath the Solar Surface with Acoustic Imaging.
29  Multiscale Dissociation Inventory
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CDS (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2005 Is dissociation a multidimensional construct? Data from the Multiscale Dissociation Inventory.
30  multidimensionally impaired
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
COS (2 times)
BH (1 time)
BPRS (1 time)
1998 Brief report: association of sex chromosome anomalies with childhood-onset psychotic disorders.
31  multiple daily subcutaneous insulin injections
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CSII (2 times)
NPH (1 time)
2004 Insulin aspart: a review of its use in the management of type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus.
32  Multiscore Depression Inventory
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BDI (1 time)
MAPI (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1983 A multi-institutional study of depression in family practice.
33  Mutation Database Initiative
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
FBN1 (1 time)
HGVS (1 time)
MDB (1 time)
2000 Ethical guideposts for allelic variation databases.
34  myelopathy disability index
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CSM (3 times)
CFRP (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
1999 Quantitative assessment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy by a simple walking test.
35  5'-monodeiodinase
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PCBs (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
TCB (1 time)
1988 Ontogeny of thyroid hormone effect on tissue 5'-monodeiodinase activity in fetal sheep.
36  Major Depression Index
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IDQOL (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2006 Parent gender and assessment of infant life quality.
37  maximum deflection index
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DGCV (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
IDT (1 time)
2015 How To Identify & Treat Epicardial Origin Of Outflow Tract Tachycardias.
38  MDI group
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
CSII (2 times)
LIX (1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2002 Demonstrated use of metered-dose inhalers and peak flow meters by children and adolescents with acute asthma exacerbations.
39  mean daily intake
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BaPeq (1 time)
ER (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2004 Vitamin D intakes in 18-64-y-old Irish adults.
40  Medical Data Index
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
IT (1 time)
1983 An investigation of the Medical Data Index (MDI) health questionnaire given to women VDT workers involved in advanced office automation--924 women clerks in a city bank with head and branch offices.
41  Mediterranean Diet Index
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BNC4H (1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
FVI (1 time)
2009 Dietary intake, lung function and airway inflammation in Mexico City school children exposed to air pollutants.
42  Mental Index
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
ADH2 (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1997 Alcohol dehydrogenase-2*3 allele protects against alcohol-related birth defects among African Americans.
43  microbiologically documented
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CSI (2 times)
CDI (1 time)
CFX (1 time)
2004 Ceftriaxone monotherapy for the treatment of febrile neutropenia in patients with solid tumors: a prospective study of 100 episodes.
44  modulation discrimination interference
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
1992 Modulation discrimination interference and auditory grouping.
45  Bayleymental developmental index
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CGA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ELBW (1 time)
2000 Neurodevelopment and predictors of outcomes of children with birth weights of less than 1000 g: 1992-1995.
46  Mahalanobis distance index
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CIs (1 time)
2012 Some supplementary methods for the analysis of the RBANS.
47  mania-depression-interval
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DMI (2 times)
AAO (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1987 Sequence of affective polarity and lithium response: preliminary report on Munich sample.
48  manual-dynamic irrigation
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LAI (1 time)
2010 Canal and isthmus debridement efficacies of two irrigant agitation techniques in a closed system.
49  material containing diphenylmethane diisocyanate
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
GGO (1 time)
HP (1 time)
NSIP (1 time)
2009 [Three cases of isocyanate-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis with different HRCT findings].
50  Maximum Daily Intake
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADIs (1 time)
MRLs (1 time)
2004 Environmental and potential health effects of growing leafy vegetables on soil irrigated using sewage sludge and effluent: a case of Zn and Cu.
51  Meat Destructuration Indicator
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2009 Development of a system to quantify muscle fibre destructuration.
52  medial displacement index
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
OA (2 times)
early-OA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2014 Changes of rabbit meniscus influenced by hyaline cartilage injury of osteoarthritis.
53  medical and dietary interventions
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RR (1 time)
SWL (1 time)
2017 Medical and dietary interventions for preventing recurrent urinary stones in children.
54  medical device integration
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CMDS (1 time)
IoT (1 time)
2015 Facilitating Virtual Health Management Using Medical Device Integration.
55  methylation dysregulation index
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FGA (1 time)
2016 Epigenetic and genetic burden measures are associated with tumor characteristics in invasive breast carcinoma.
56  microbial dysbiosis index
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
F/B (1 time)
FGPs (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2018 Small Bowel Transit and Altered Gut Microbiota in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis.
57  Microflow digital imaging
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Development of a microflow digital imaging assay to characterize protein particulates during storage of a high concentration IgG1 monoclonal antibody formulation.
58  mid-diastolic isthmus
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EAM (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2010 Electroanatomic mapping and ablation of macroreentrant atrial tachycardia: comparison between successfully and unsuccessfully treated cases.
59  Middle Years Development Instrument
(2 times)
Social Conditions
(1 time)
--- 2013 Development and Validation of the Middle Years Development Instrument (MDI): Assessing Children's Well-Being and Assets across Multiple Contexts.
60  minimum discrimination information
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HMGMMs (1 time)
HMMs (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2007 Image segmentation using hidden Markov Gauss mixture models.
61  mitral deceleration index
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CV (1 time)
DTE (1 time)
ELAP (1 time)
2009 Mitral E wave deceleration time to peak E velocity ratio and cardiovascular outcome in hypertensive patients during antihypertensive treatment (from the LIFE echo-substudy).
62  mixture discrimination index
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ICI (1 time)
ORNs (1 time)
1997 Multiple excitatory receptor types on individual olfactory neurons: implications for coding of mixtures in the spiny lobster.
63  modified discomfort index
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
WBGT (3 times)
DI (1 time)
PHS (1 time)
1999 Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT)--to what extent is GT essential?
64  Moral Disengagement Instrument
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2014 Reliability and validity for the measurement of moral disengagement in pharmacists.
65  multidirectional
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ASES (1 time)
RITC (1 time)
2003 Laser-assisted thermal capsulorrhaphy.
66  multidirectional shoulder instability
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
EUA (1 time)
2001 Translation of the glenohumeral joint in patients with multidirectional and posterior instability: awake examination versus examination under anesthesia.
67  multidrug intolerance
(2 times)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
(1 time)
MDI-HTN (1 time)
2017 Multidrug intolerance in the treatment of hypertension: result from an audit of a specialized hypertension service.
68  multiple daily injection regimen
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
HI (1 time)
MIDD (1 time)
2006 Maternally inherited diabetes with deafness and obesity: body weight reduction response to treatment with insulin analogues.
69  myocardial deformation imaging
(2 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2010 The tale of the three sisters.
70  (CFC)-metered-dose inhaler
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CFC (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
2004 Improved delivery of ipratropium bromide/fenoterol from Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler in patients with COPD.
71  100-microg doses from a Ventolin Evohaler when used alone
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AERO (1 time)
USAL0.5 (1 time)
VOL (1 time)
2008 Salbutamol relative lung and systemic bioavailability of large and small spacers.
72  4,4'diisocyanatol-diphenyl methane
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Allergic contact dermatitis from 4,4'diisocyanatol-diphenyl methane (MDI) in a molder.
73  4-methylene-bis-diisocyanate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
BDO (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2010 Synthesis, extrusion and rheological behaviour of PU/HA composites for biomedical applications.
74  BSID-mental development index
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
NBNA (2 times)
BSID (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
2018 [Analysis of the prognosis of isolated ventriculomegaly and outcome of imaging follow-up].
75  Development-II Mental
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Developmental trajectories of children with birth asphyxia through 36 months of age in low/low-middle income countries.
76  DTI measures with Bayley-II Mental
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CST (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2015 White matter tract integrity and developmental outcome in newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy treated with hypothermia.
77  IgE-mediated contact urticaria from diphenylmethane-4,4-diisocyanate
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Occupational IgE-mediated contact urticaria from diphenylmethane-4,4-diisocyanate (MDI).
78  macrodiisocyanate
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DMTA (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2014 Relaxation processes in hybrid organic-inorganic polymer nanosystems polymerized in situ.
79  macrodiol, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
1,4-BD (1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
2015 Development of Robust and Recoverable Ultralow-Fouling Coatings Based on Poly(carboxybetaine) Ester Analogue.
80  made in groups of pregnant streptozotocin-diabetic rats
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
1983 Diabetes in pregnancy. Skeletal malformations in the offspring of diabetic rats after intermittent withdrawal of insulin in early gestation.
81  major depression inventory scale
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 To what extent may the association between immigrant status and mental illness be explained by socioeconomic factors?
82  making SPUs: 4,4-diphenylmethane diisocyanate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1996 Synthesis and characterization of segmented polyurethanes based on amphiphilic polyether diols.
83  malaise, and hypoxemia that developed after exposure to diphenylmethane diisocyanate
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
MDI-HSA (1 time)
1985 Specific bronchoalveolar lavage IgG antibody in hypersensitivity pneumonitis from diphenylmethane diisocyanate.
84  malaria-detecting immunosensor
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Design and development of an immunosensor for the detection of malaria in field conditions.
85  male-dominated industries
(1 time)
Behavioral Medicine
(1 time)
MH (1 time)
2014 Workplace risk factors for anxiety and depression in male-dominated industries: a systematic review.
86  mandibular dysfunction index
(1 time)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
--- 1996 The prevalence of temporomandibular disorder in patients referred for orthodontic assessment.
87  manic-depressive
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1998 Lithium stimulates gene expression through the AP-1 transcription factor pathway.
88  manic-depressive disease
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Levels of interaction between schizophrenia and manic-depressive disease.
89  Manometric defecation index
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FDD (1 time)
2018 Assessment of functional defecation disorders using anorectal manometry.
90  Maori descent predicted lower cognitive scores
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BSID-II (1 time)
IDEAL (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2014 Prenatal methamphetamine exposure and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children from 1 to 3 years.
91  MASS De Qi Index
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MASS (1 time)
2017 Psychophysical responses in patients receiving a mock laser within context of an acupuncture clinical trial: an interoceptive perspective.
92  Mast cell degranulation index
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Induced hypothermia during resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock attenuates microvascular inflammation in the rat mesenteric microcirculation.
93  Mastdiscs ID inhibitor combination disks
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MBL (1 time)
MHT (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
2012 Laboratory detection of Enterobacteriaceae that produce carbapenemases.
94  material density images
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DECT (1 time)
rsDECT (1 time)
SECT (1 time)
2018 Rapid switching kVp dual energy CT: Value of reconstructed dual energy CT images and organ dose assessment in multiphasic liver CT exams.
95  material deprivation index
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Geospatial distribution of intestinal parasitic infections in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and its association with social determinants.
96  material-discursive-intrapsychic
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
PMS (1 time)
2013 PMS as a process of negotiation: women's experience and management of premenstrual distress.
97  maternal intelligence and race
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NBRS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1993 Nursery neurobiologic risk score: levels of risk and relationships with nonmedical factors.
98  maximal deflection index
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DGCV (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
IDT (1 time)
2017 Approach selection of radiofrequency catheter ablation for ventricular arrhythmias originating from the left ventricular summit: potential relevance of Pseudo Delta wave, Intrinsicoid deflection time, maximal deflection index.
99  Maximally Divergent Intervals
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Detecting Regions of Maximal Divergence for Spatio-Temporal Anomaly Detection.
100  maximum deviated inclination
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Fluctuation of Cup Orientation During Press-Fit Insertion: A Possible Cause of Malpositioning.