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Abbreviation: MDL
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Long forms: 132

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
method detection limit
(215 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(104 times)
RSD (27 times)
SPE (24 times)
LOQ (11 times)
1990 Precision and accuracy in the quantitation of carboxytetrahydrocannibinol by isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
minimum description length
(114 times)
Medical Informatics
(43 times)
AIC (8 times)
fMRI (5 times)
BIC (3 times)
1992 Bayesian model selection and minimum description length estimation of auditory-nerve discharge rates.
minimum detection limit
(89 times)
Biophysics
(20 times)
QTF (11 times)
NNEA (8 times)
QEPAS (8 times)
1982 Determination of tibric acid and clofibrate in animal feed, wastewater and hunan urine.
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
FLH (4 times)
FH (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1992 Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: radiographic observations.
mode-dependent loss
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
MDM (5 times)
MIMO (4 times)
SDM (4 times)
2011 MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems.
midazolam
(12 times)
Brain
(10 times)
RSE (4 times)
SE (4 times)
PB (3 times)
1990 Comparison of midazolam and diazepam by the intramuscular route for the control of seizures in a mouse model of status epilepticus.
motor distal latency
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CTS (7 times)
SCV (3 times)
DPN (2 times)
1996 [Effects of age and skin temperature on peripheral nerve conduction velocity--a basic study for nerve conduction velocity measurement in worksite].
microdirect laryngoscopy
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
VF (2 times)
FVCs (1 time)
HFPPV (1 time)
2004 Laryngeal amyloidosis in 10 patients.
Macintosh direct laryngoscope
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
GVL (3 times)
RPP (3 times)
HR (2 times)
2008 Circulatory responses to nasotracheal intubation: comparison of GlideScope videolaryngoscope and Macintosh direct laryngoscope.
10  major dense line
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MBP (3 times)
MOBP (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1979 Absence of the major dense line in myelin of the mutant mouse "shiverer".
11  MDL-12330A
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
cAMP (2 times)
Cys (2 times)
DDA (2 times)
1999 Effects of L-arginine on the afferent resting activity in the cephalopod statocyst.
12  10-alpha-methoxy-9,10-dihydrolysergol
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MMDL (3 times)
1996 Enzyme immunoassay of two nicergoline metabolites, 10 alpha-methoxy-9, 10-dihydrolysergol (MDL) and 1-methyl-10 alpha-methoxy-9, 10-dihydrolysergol (MMDL).
13  Model Description Language
(4 times)
Pharmacokinetics
(2 times)
DDMoRe (1 time)
IOF (1 time)
IVGTT (1 time)
2009 Rapid creation, Monte Carlo simulation, and visualization of realistic 3D cell models.
14  multivariate detection limit
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
NIR (3 times)
PLS (2 times)
RMSEP (2 times)
2013 Multivariate detection limits of on-line NIR model for extraction process of chlorogenic acid from Lonicera japonica.
15  myeloid DAP12-associating lectin
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
MDL-1 (2 times)
DAP12 (1 time)
HC (1 time)
1999 Myeloid DAP12-associating lectin (MDL)-1 is a cell surface receptor involved in the activation of myeloid cells.
16  7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MLA (2 times)
14-OAD (1 time)
2008 The effect of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine-type diterpenoid alkaloids on the toxicity of methyllycaconitine in mice.
17  mean dendritic length
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
IENF (2 times)
CCM (1 time)
CNFD (1 time)
2004 Intraepidermal nerve fibers are indicators of small-fiber neuropathy in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients.
18  Minimum Description Length principle
(3 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
B.E.M (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
1995 An optimal order for ECG inverse problems with MDL.
19  multidomain learning
(3 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
DNNs (1 time)
NAS (1 time)
2020 Thinker invariance: enabling deep neural networks for BCI across more people.
20  mandelonitrile lyase
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
PH (1 time)
1994 Utilization of Amygdalin during Seedling Development of Prunus serotina.
21  MDL-100,240
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACE (2 times)
NEP (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
2002 Dual ACE and NEP inhibitor MDL-100,240 prevents and regresses severe angiotensin II-dependent hypertension partially through bradykinin type 2 receptor.
22  MDL-17,043
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CHF (2 times)
NTP (1 time)
1985 Comparative hemodynamic effects of intravenous dobutamine and MDL-17,043, a new cardioactive drug, in severe congestive heart failure.
23  MDL-28170
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CPN1 (2 times)
CPN2 (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Activation of mitochondrial calpain and increased cardiac injury: beyond AIF release.
24  median distal latency
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CTS (2 times)
MR (1 time)
THLD (1 time)
2003 Usefulness of additional nerve conduction techniques in mild carpal tunnel syndrome.
25  medical decision level
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2016 The study of statistical methods for evaluating the comparability of routine chemistry analytes among 3 routine laboratory measurement systems in China.
26  mediodorsal thalamic nucleus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
6-I-CPS (1 time)
AEA (1 time)
BDA (1 time)
2015 Paradoxical widespread c-Fos expression induced by a GABA agonist in the forebrain of transgenic mice with ectopic expression of the GABA(A) alpha6 subunit.
27  meta-duplex-lens
(2 times)
GSP (1 time)
2020 A Thermal Tuning Meta-Duplex-Lens (MDL): Design and Characterization.
28  metachromatic leukodystrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
ALDL (1 time)
2008 Metachromatic leukodystrophy: magnetic resonance imaging (diffusion weighted image--DWI).
29  method limits of detection
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AsB (1 time)
AsIII (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2018 Speciation Analysis of Arsenic Compounds by HPLC-ICP-MS: Application for Human Serum and Urine.
30  metoclopramide, dexamethasone, and lorazepam
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1991 Randomized trial for the control of acute vomiting in cisplatin-treated patients: high-dose metoclopramide with dexamethasone and lorazepam as adjuncts versus high-dose alizapride plus dexamethasone and lorazepam. Study of the incidence of delayed emesis.
31  microscopic decompressive laminotomy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
JOA (1 time)
LSCS (1 time)
LSS (1 time)
2015 Patient outcomes for a minimally invasive approach to treat lumbar spinal canal stenosis: is microendoscopic or microscopic decompressive laminotomy the less invasive surgery?
32  midline destructive lesion
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ONC (1 time)
2014 Orbital presentation of a nasal midline destructive lesion in a young boy.
33  MIF/D-DT-like
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
HsDDT (1 time)
MIF (1 time)
2015 Phylogeny and evolution of plant macrophage migration inhibitory factor/D-dopachrome tautomerase-like proteins.
34  minimum description length criterion
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EMIS (1 time)
MSL (1 time)
2009 Fully automated deconvolution method for on-line analysis of time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy data based on an iterative Laguerre expansion technique.
35  mixed ductallobular carcinoma
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CLDC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2021 Mixed ductal-lobular carcinoma: an analysis of CDH1 DNA copy number variation and mutation.
36  modafinil
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
CSRs (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2009 Enantioselective separation and determination of adrafinil and modafinil on Chiralcel OJ-H column in rat serum and urine using solid-phase extraction followed by HPLC.
37  modeless dye laser
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CARS (2 times)
CBDL (1 time)
1994 Noise in single-shot broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy that employs a modeless dye laser.
38  multidirectional laxity
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
IR (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
2004 Shoulder electromyography in multidirectional instability.
39  multimode diode laser
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
COSPEC (1 time)
DL (1 time)
TDLAS (1 time)
2008 Gas detection by correlation spectroscopy employing a multimode diode laser.
40  multitask deep learning
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AIN (1 time)
BTAMDL (1 time)
GBDT (1 time)
2020 Boosting Tree-Assisted Multitask Deep Learning for Small Scientific Datasets.
41  2,6-dideoxy-2,6-imino-7-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-D-glycero-L-gulohep titol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1988 Selective inhibition of glycoprotein-processing enzymes. Differential inhibition of glucosidases I and II in cell culture.
42  alpha-methyl-D-leucine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Aam-I (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
MDP (1 time)
2017 Modeling the secondary structures of the peptaibols antiamoebin I and zervamicin II modified with D-amino acids and proline analogues.
43  machine and deep learning
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 An overview and metanalysis of machine and deep learning-based CRISPR gRNA design tools.
44  Machine Learning methods
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
2022 Computational design of a cutinase for plastic biodegradation by mining molecular dynamics simulations trajectories.
45  macromelanophore determining locus
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
CHRND (1 time)
LG (1 time)
RDA (1 time)
2008 Allele-specific marker generation and linkage mapping on the Xiphophorus sex chromosomes.
46  macrophage-depleted lymphocyte
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PBL (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1985 Expression of the p53 protein during the cell cycle of human peripheral blood lymphocytes.
47  Macroscopically Detectable Lesions
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
bTB (1 time)
OTF (1 time)
2015 Estimation of the individual slaughterhouse surveillance sensitivity for bovine tuberculosis in Catalonia (North-Eastern Spain).
48  made resistant to the nucleoside analogue, (Z)-5'-fluoro-4', 5'-didehydro-5'deoxyadenosine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AdoHcy (1 time)
AdoMet (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2001 DNA (cytosine) methyltransferase overexpression is associated with acquired drug resistance of murine neuroblastoma cells.
49  magnetic doxorubicin liposome
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2004 [Targeting therapy of magnetic doxorubicin liposome in nude mice bearing colon cancer].
50  major depression-like disorder
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HAM-D (1 time)
MDDM (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2008 Mood disorders after stroke: diagnostic validation of the poststroke depression rating scale.
51  malaria diagnostic laboratories
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
TEDHA (1 time)
2014 Patient satisfaction and uptake of private-sector run malaria diagnosis clinics in a post-conflict district in Sri Lanka.
52  marginal donor livers
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DMAT (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
PROTECT (1 time)
2021 Novel NMP split liver model recapitulates human IRI and demonstrates ferroptosis modulators as a new therapeutic strategy.
53  mass of drug deposited in the lungs
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
FPIA (1 time)
2001 Urinary excretion reflects lung deposition of aminoglycoside aerosols in cystic fibrosis.
54  maternal distorted leaf
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
chm (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
1996 Altered mitochondrial gene expression in a maternal distorted leaf mutant of Arabidopsis induced by chloroplast mutator.
55  mature dendritic cell lysosomes
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2003 CD1 and major histocompatibility complex II molecules follow a different course during dendritic cell maturation.
56  matured dry legumes
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
SSGL (1 time)
2013 Physical, chemical and nutritional characteristics of premature-processed and matured green legumes.
57  maximum deadlift
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
ACFT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2022 Inter- and Intra-Rater Reliabilities of the Army Combat Fitness Test Three-Repetition Maximum Deadlift Event Among Raters of Varying Professional Experience.
58  maximum defect length
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
MVFL (1 time)
TML (1 time)
2016 Feasibility of the vascularized fibula bone graft for reconstruction of the mandible: a cadaveric study.
59  maximum diameter of the lesion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
ALR (1 time)
APD (1 time)
2022 Lens Biometry in Congenital Lens Deformities: A Swept-Source Anterior Segment OCT Analysis.
60  maximum discharge limit
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
USEPA (1 time)
2006 Effect of soil depth and texture on fecal bacteria removal from septic effluents.
61  maximum drag load
(1 time)
Mechanical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2018 The Effects of Two Different Resisted Swim Training Load Protocols on Swimming Strength and Performance.
62  maximum dynamic lifting
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AME (1 time)
MAW (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1987 Determination of lifting abilities: a comparative study of four techniques.
63  MDL 72892 A-15
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1993 Dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel antagonists inhibit the salvage pathway for DNA synthesis in human vascular smooth muscle cells.
64  MDL-11,939
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
5-HT2A (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DOI (1 time)
2021 Eupnea and gasping in vivo are facilitated by the activation of 5-HT2A receptors.
65  MDL-2000
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Comparative study of pulsed dye laser and pneumatic lithotripters for transurethral ureterolithotripsy.
66  MDL-72222
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Trop (1 time)
VEH (1 time)
1995 Serotonin3 antagonists block aversion to saccharin in an amino acid-imbalanced diet.
67  mean diffusivity from the lesion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DTI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FAL (1 time)
2018 Application of diffusion tensor imaging in brain lesions: A comparative study of neoplastic and non-neoplastic brain lesions.
68  mean lung density
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
64-MDCT (1 time)
EI (1 time)
HUs (1 time)
2013 Normal variance in emphysema index measurements in 64 multidetector-row computed tomography.
69  medial diagonal line
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
KA (1 time)
LWMC (1 time)
MWLC (1 time)
2021 The medial condylar wall is a reliable landmark to kinematically align the femoral component in medial UKA: an in-silico study.
70  median distal motor latency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
INT (1 time)
MS-US (1 time)
2014 Improvement of diagnostic rate of carpal tunnel syndrome with additional median-to-ulnar comparative nerve conduction studies.
71  medical device lag
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GPDS (1 time)
2016 [Future Regulatory Science through a Global Product Development Strategy to Overcome the Device Lag].
72  medical disability leave
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
MPNs (1 time)
2019 Relationship between symptom burden and disability leave among patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs): findings from the Living with MPN patient survey.
73  mediodorsal nucleus, lateral division
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DOPAC (1 time)
IBO (1 time)
1988 Thalamic control of subcortical dopamine function in the rat and the effects of lesions applied to the medial prefrontal cortex.
74  medium density lipoproteins
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CHY (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
IDL (1 time)
1982 Correlative design of electrophoretic and ultracentrifugal investigation of metabolic effects of probucol.
75  medroxalol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ISP (1 time)
NSP (1 time)
1983 [Hemodynamic effects of medroxalol in the anesthetized dog. Relation between adrenolytic properties and plasma concentration].
76  medulla
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
AMDs (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2022 Functional Connectivity Hypointensity of Middle Cingulate Gyrus and Thalamus in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Patients: A Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.
77  mercury derivative of laccase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Pulsed EPR studies of the type 2 copper binding site in the mercury derivative of laccase.
78  Mesozoic Dipole Low
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MPDL (1 time)
PCRS (1 time)
QPI (1 time)
2021 Intensity of the Earth's magnetic field: Evidence for a Mid-Paleozoic dipole low.
79  messenger-dependent reticulocyte lysate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
Ig H (1 time)
MB (1 time)
1981 Membrane-bound ribosomes of myeloma cells. V. Subcellular distribution of immunoglobulin mRNA molecules.
80  messenger-dependent systems derived from rabbit reticulocytes
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
GUS (1 time)
mRNAs (1 time)
1987 Characterisation of the 5'-leader sequence of tobacco mosaic virus RNA as a general enhancer of translation in vitro.
81  Metabolite database
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 A new statistical approach to predicting aromatic hydroxylation sites. Comparison with model-based approaches.
82  metaplastic ductal lesions
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
2007 Beta cell transdifferentiation does not contribute to preneoplastic/metaplastic ductal lesions of the pancreas by genetic lineage tracing in vivo.
83  metered dose inhaler
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1996 Effectiveness of budesonide aerosol in ventilator-dependent preterm babies: a preliminary report.
84  Method Detection Limit i.e
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 Pesticide residues in table-ready foods in Tanzania.
85  method linearity, repeatability, detection limit
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
3-HO-LIG (1 time)
4-HO-LIG (1 time)
GX (1 time)
2010 Quantitative analysis of lignocaine and metabolites in equine urine and plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
86  method was validated and good detection and quantification limits
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HMF (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2020 Hydroxymethylfurfural determination in cereal and insect bars by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry employing a functionalized mesostructured silica as sorbent in solid-phase extraction.
87  methyl-1-benzofuran-5-ol dihydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Amphiphilic alpha-tocopherol analogues as inhibitors of brain lipid peroxidation.
88  methylated domain landscape
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
WGBS (1 time)
2015 Changepoint detection in base-resolution methylome data reveals a robust signature of methylated domain landscape.
89  Microbial Disease Laboratory at the California Department of Public Health
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AFB (2 times)
UCIMC (1 time)
1999 Comparison of direct and concentrated acid-fast smears to identify specimens culture positive for Mycobacterium spp.
90  Microbial Diseases Laboratory
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
RBF (1 time)
2001 Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis): a potential emerging disease.
91  microdecompressive laminatomy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
TL (1 time)
2010 Microdecompressive laminatomy with a 5-year follow-up period for severe lumbar spinal stenosis.
92  microdisk laser
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Patterning Multicolored Microdisk Laser Arrays of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite.
93  microdose leuprolide
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2010 Endogenous gonadotropin flare following microdose leuprolide (MDL) stimulation protocol does not correlate with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome.
94  Microdoughlab
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DDT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2019 Rheological and microstructural characteristics of low molecular weight glutenin subunits of commercial wheats.
95  microwave digestion labstation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
2011 Ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous analysis of asparagine, sugars, and acrylamide in Maillard reactions.
96  mid-dorsolateral
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Dissociable roles of mid-dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior inferotemporal cortex in visual working memory.
97  midazolam hydrochloride
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
2008 Complexation study of midazolam hydrochloride with beta-cyclodextrin: NMR spectroscopic study in solution.
98  middle-dorsal-lateral
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DDL (1 time)
2013 CT density analysis of the medial cuneiform.
99  Midline destructive lesions of the face
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2016 Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: An Overlooked Etiology of Midfacial Destructive Lesions.
100  military demarcation line
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
DMZ (1 time)
NNSC (1 time)
ROK (1 time)
2014 Seasonal abundance of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) collected by mosquito Magnet in Northern Gyeonggi-do (Province), Korea.