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Abbreviation: MDR
Appearance Frequency: 12381 time(s)
Long forms: 216

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multidrug resistance
(11423 times)
Neoplasms
(1898 times)
P-gp (1757 times)
TB (753 times)
XDR (506 times)
0 Molecular epidemio-logy of tuberculosis in the capital of Prague in 2013 and 2014.
multifactor dimensionality reduction
(431 times)
Genetics, Medical
(64 times)
SNPs (106 times)
OR (47 times)
CI (34 times)
2001 Multifactor-dimensionality reduction reveals high-order interactions among estrogen-metabolism genes in sporadic breast cancer.
medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductase
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
SDR (7 times)
ADH (6 times)
ADHs (2 times)
1994 A super-family of medium-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (MDR). Sub-lines including zeta-crystallin, alcohol and polyol dehydrogenases, quinone oxidoreductase enoyl reductases, VAT-1 and other proteins.
multidrug
(29 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
XDR (9 times)
TB (4 times)
ABC (3 times)
1991 Influence of myc overexpression on the phenotypic properties of Chinese hamster lung cells resistant to antitumor agents.
medium dose rate
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
HDR (11 times)
LDR (10 times)
BED (3 times)
1990 An analysis of personnel dose records which justifies the application of cost-benefit analysis techniques in the design of an afterloading facility and the use of controlled areas and systems of work within suite to control occupational exposure.
minimal deleted region
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CLL (3 times)
SNP (3 times)
aCGH (2 times)
1999 Molecular mapping of chromosome 2 deletions in murine radiation-induced AML localizes a putative tumor suppressor gene to a 1.0 cM region homologous to human chromosome segment 11p11-12.
model deviation ratio
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
CA (11 times)
IA (10 times)
ERR (2 times)
2007 How well can we predict the toxicity of pesticide mixtures to aquatic life?
maternal death review
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(11 times)
ICD-MM (2 times)
BEmONC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2006 Facility-based maternal death reviews: effects on maternal mortality in a district hospital in Senegal.
Medical Device Reporting
(11 times)
Technology
(3 times)
FDA (3 times)
US (3 times)
HCDs (1 time)
1988 FDA--medical device news corner. Medical device reporting (MDR) regulation.
10  multidisciplinary rounds
(11 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
LOS (4 times)
AMI (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2006 A systematic review of the literature on multidisciplinary rounds to design information technology.
11  macrophage disappearance reaction
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BGG (2 times)
CsA (1 time)
DNP-BGG (1 time)
1975 Desensitization: effects on cutaneous and peritoneal manifestations of delayed hypersensitivity in relation to lymphokine production.
12  Military Health System Data Repository
(9 times)
Military Medicine
(4 times)
DoD (2 times)
HR (2 times)
MHS (2 times)
2014 Deployment experiences and motor vehicle crashes among U.S. service members.
13  multidisciplinary rehabilitation
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TDR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1994 Chronic back pain and work disability: Vocational outcomes following multidisciplinary rehabilitation.
14  maximum drag reduction
(8 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
DR (1 time)
ES (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2004 Theory of concentration dependence in drag reduction by polymers and of the maximum drag reduction asymptote.
15  multidrug resistant tuberculosis
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HIV (2 times)
AFB (1 time)
DST (1 time)
1998 The bacteriology of pulmonary tuberculosis in a population with high human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence.
16  middle-distance runners
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LDR (2 times)
3KTT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2004 Effect of the intensity of training on catecholamine responses to supramaximal exercise in endurance-trained men.
17  morphology-dependent resonance
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
cw (1 time)
DFB (1 time)
EDB (1 time)
2002 Angle- and size-dependent characteristics of incoherent Raman and fluorescent scattering by microspheres. 2. Numerical simulation.
18  multidrug resistance transporters
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
calcein-AM (1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1993 Sequence and structural homology among membrane-associated domains of CFTR and certain transporter proteins.
19  minorities' diminished returns
(6 times)
Brain Diseases
(4 times)
SES (4 times)
SEP (2 times)
BSI (1 time)
2018 Family Structure and Subsequent Anxiety Symptoms; Minorities' Diminished Return.
20  mitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitor receptor
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ALLO (2 times)
PTZ (2 times)
4'-CD (1 time)
1993 Participation of mitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitor receptors in the anticonflict, antineophobic and anticonvulsant action of 2-aryl-3-indoleacetamide and imidazopyridine derivatives.
21  multidrug resistance of tumour cells
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
P-gp (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1990 Structural model of ATP-binding proteins associated with cystic fibrosis, multidrug resistance and bacterial transport.
22  multidrug-resistant isolates
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AN (1 time)
AZT (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
2009 [Antimicrobial resistance and existence of metallo-beta-lactamase in Acinetobacter species isolated from adult patients].
23  Metadata Registries
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
ClaML (2 times)
CDE (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2011 Integration of classifications and terminologies in Metadata registries based on ISO/IEC 11179.
24  mitochondrial DBI receptor
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
DBI (3 times)
ACTH (1 time)
DBI-LI (1 time)
1992 Diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI)-processing products, acting at the mitochondrial DBI receptor, mediate adrenocorticotropic hormone-induced steroidogenesis in rat adrenal gland.
25  mean diverticular radius
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
MET (4 times)
MLR (3 times)
BSD (2 times)
1991 Responses of winkles digestive cells and their lysosomal system to environmental salinity changes.
26  median duration of remission
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
6-MP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1977 Effects of continuous or discontinuous maintenance therapy on subsequent remission maintenance in childhood leukemia.
27  median duration of response
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CR (2 times)
MST (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1986 First-line therapy with VP-16 and cisplatin for small-cell lung cancer.
28  medical device-related
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HAPIs (1 time)
HAPUs (1 time)
HIE (1 time)
2010 Medical device related pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients.
29  Mekong Delta Region
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2016 High temperature and risk of hospitalizations, and effect modifying potential of socio-economic conditions: A multi-province study in the tropical Mekong Delta Region.
30  microdisk resonator
(4 times)
Optics and Photonics
(4 times)
WGMs (2 times)
DC (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
2014 Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a two-bus waveguides coupled microdisk resonator.
31  minimal diabetic retinopathy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
OCT (3 times)
T1D (2 times)
DR (1 time)
2010 OCT is not useful for detection of minimal diabetic retinopathy in type 1 diabetes.
32  molecular diagnostic ratio
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PAHs (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
3-NDBF (1 time)
2015 The qualitative and quantitative source apportionments of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in size dependent road deposited sediment.
33  multi-detector-row
(4 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
AAA (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2004 [Non-invasive, multi detector row (MDR) CT based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair].
34  multidrug resistance related gene
(4 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CYP (1 time)
GST-pi (1 time)
2006 Kupffer cell-mediated downregulation of hepatic transporter expression in rat hepatic ischemia-reperfusion.
35  multiple drugs
(4 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
Mtb (2 times)
TB (2 times)
HIF-1 (1 time)
2008 Emodin enhances cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs in prostate cancer cells: the mechanisms involve ROS-mediated suppression of multidrug resistance and hypoxia inducible factor-1.
36  maintained discharge rate
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
P-LGN (2 times)
LI (1 time)
NL (1 time)
1991 The neurophysiological correlates of colour and brightness contrast in lateral geniculate neurons. II. Adaptation and surround effects.
37  Medical Device Regulation
(3 times)
Technology
(1 time)
CCRM (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
CTO (1 time)
2017 Workshop to address gaps in regulation of minimally manipulated autologous cell therapies for homologous use in Canada.
38  medium-chain alcohol dehydrogenase
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SDR (1 time)
2008 Medium- and short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase gene and protein families : Structure-function relationships in short-chain alcohol dehydrogenases.
39  metadata repository
(3 times)
Technology
(2 times)
OSSE (2 times)
FAIR (1 time)
2017 [Registries for rare diseases : OSSE - An open-source framework for technical implementation].
40  missed discovery rate
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
FDR (3 times)
BH (2 times)
FWER (2 times)
2011 POWER-ENHANCED MULTIPLE DECISION FUNCTIONS CONTROLLING FAMILY-WISE ERROR AND FALSE DISCOVERY RATES.
41  Mullerian duct remnant
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
PMDS (1 time)
2001 Surgical treatment of the Mullerian duct remnants.
42  multidrug resistant microorganisms
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NEMS (1 time)
2015 [The measurement of nursing workload in a sub-intensive unit with the Nine Equivalents of Nursing Manpower Scale].
43  multidrug-resistance mutation
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
TAMs (1 time)
1999 Emergence of zidovudine and multidrug-resistance mutations in the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase gene in therapy-naive patients receiving stavudine plus didanosine combination therapy. STADI Group.
44  multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
TB (3 times)
EMB (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2011 A two-step strategy for molecular typing of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates from Poland.
45  Mutagenic DNA repair
(3 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
UVR (3 times)
2004 Long-term effect of mutagenic DNA repair on accumulation of mutations in Pseudomonas syringae B86-17.
46  maintenance dose rate
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AlloP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2004 Dynamic aspects of acute tolerance to allopregnanolone evaluated using anaesthesia threshold in male rats.
47  mammalian dive response
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SUDEP (2 times)
SCD (1 time)
SIDS (1 time)
2018 Ictal Mammalian Dive Response: A Likely Cause of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy.
48  maximum deceleration rate
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ASO (2 times)
PI (2 times)
PRV (2 times)
1993 [MR evaluation of common femoral arterial flow: age-related changes and characteristics in obstructive arterial disease of lower extremities].
49  maximum distance reached
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DWA (1 time)
DWS (1 time)
ISDN-O (1 time)
1984 [Isosorbide dinitrate ointment in the long-term treatment of intermittent claudication].
50  MD reduction
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
MD (2 times)
ET (1 time)
2012 Breast density change as a predictive surrogate for response to adjuvant endocrine therapy in hormone receptor positive breast cancer.
51  mean discharge rate
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CPR (1 time)
CV (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
1989 Responses of pigeon horizontal semicircular canal afferent fibers. II. High-frequency mechanical stimulation.
52  mean dissolution rate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2015 Solid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (S-SNEDDS) of darunavir for improved dissolution and oral bioavailability: In vitro and in vivo evaluation.
53  mean duration of recency
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
FRRs (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of a multiplex assay for estimation of HIV-1 incidence.
54  Medscape Drug Reference
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AHFS (1 time)
CDSTs (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2008 Ability of online drug databases to assist in clinical decision-making with infectious disease therapies.
55  metadata registry
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRFs (1 time)
2013 Establishing semantic interoperability of biomedical metadata registries using extended semantic relationships.
56  MHS Data Repository
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
MHS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FAI (1 time)
2016 The Impact of Preexisting Mental Health Disorders on the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Survival among Lung Cancer Patients in the U.S. Military Health System.
57  mild DR
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
DM (1 time)
FAZ (1 time)
2010 Early detection of retinal thickness changes in diabetes using Optical Coherence Tomography.
58  minimal dietary requirements
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MMR (1 time)
WIC (1 time)
1998 Tissue distribution of K-vitamers under different nutritional regimens in the rat.
59  minimal residual disease
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
CR (1 time)
LAK (1 time)
1993 Mechanisms of selective killing of neuroblastoma cells by natural killer cells and lymphokine activated killer cells. Potential for residual disease eradication.
60  moment of disc reduction
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ADD (1 time)
ADDR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2010 Two-year natural course of anterior disc displacement with reduction.
61  more developed regions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LDR (2 times)
2010 Global drug development in cancer: a cross-sectional study of clinical trial registries.
62  multi-dideoxynucleoside resistance
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HIV-1 (2 times)
RT (1 time)
1998 Emergence of multi-dideoxynucleoside-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants, viral sequence variation, and disease progression in patients receiving antiretroviral chemotherapy.
63  multi-DR
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2013 Pediatric tuberculosis in young children in India: a prospective study.
64  multidimensional recording
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Multidimensional recording (MDR) and data sharing: an ecological open research and educational platform for neuroscience.
65  multidrug resistance molecule
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (2 times)
AMLL (1 time)
AUL (1 time)
2001 Expression of CD20 on acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells in children.
66  multidrug resistance to antitumor agents
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RB1CC1 (1 time)
2002 Identification of RB1CC1, a novel human gene that can induce RB1 in various human cells.
67  multidrug resistance-associated
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
P-gp (2 times)
TGCT (1 time)
2003 Lung resistance-related protein as a predictor of clinical outcome in advanced testicular germ-cell tumours.
68  multidrug-resistance-encoding
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
Eh (1 time)
EmR (1 time)
1995 Increase in mRNA of multiple Eh pgp genes encoding P-glycoprotein homologues in emetine-resistant Entamoeba histolytica parasites.
69  multidrug-resistant pathogens
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ABS team (1 time)
HCAI (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2009 Healthcare-associated infections. A useful concept?
70  multidrug-resistant strain of Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
DMSO (1 time)
2000 Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis (MDR)-efficacy of oral pyronaridine against multidrug-resistant malaria in Swiss mice.
71  mutation detection rate
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
FH (1 time)
HeFH (1 time)
2012 Deficiencies of antithrombin, protein C and protein S - practical experience in genetic analysis of a large patient cohort.
72  (non-MDR; no overexpression of drug efflux proteins), K562-Lucena
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
C-PC (1 time)
DNR (1 time)
VCR (1 time)
2018 C-phycocyanin to overcome the multidrug resistance phenotype in human erythroleukemias with or without interaction with ABC transporters.
73  (P-gp)-mediated-multidrug resistance
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
MRP (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
1998 Multiple gene expression analysis reveals distinct differences between G2 and G3 stage breast cancers, and correlations of PKC eta with MDR1, MRP and LRP gene expression.
74  13q14-minimal deleted region
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
MBL (1 time)
2010 The DLEU2/miR-15a/16-1 cluster controls B cell proliferation and its deletion leads to chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
75  C-seco-taxane-multidrug-resistance
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2006 Targeting FtsZ for antituberculosis drug discovery: noncytotoxic taxanes as novel antituberculosis agents.
76  cancers--multidrug resistance
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 1997 On the limits of enhancement in human gene transfer: drawing the line.
77  Don 'Mediterranean Deep Rose
(1 time)
APDA (1 time)
2000 First Report of Sclerotium rolfsii on Catharanthus roseus.
78  GSTpi-mediated drug resistance
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
gamma-GT (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2006 Peptide-bond modified glutathione conjugate analogs modulate GSTpi function in GSH-conjugation, drug sensitivity and JNK signaling.
79  MacDonnell Ranges
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
WA (1 time)
WK (1 time)
1997 Chromosomal rearrangements in rock wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). IX. Further G-banding studies of the Petrogale lateralis complex: P. lateralis pearsoni, the west Kimberley race, and a population heterozygous for a centric fusion.
80  macular density ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
MHS (1 time)
SD-OCT (1 time)
2010 Photoreceptor inner/outer segment defect imaging by spectral domain OCT and visual prognosis after macular hole surgery.
81  main destination ratio
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
WTO (1 time)
2013 The challenges of disease risk ascertainment using accessible data sources for numbers of travelers.
82  Main Development Region
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
EHA (1 time)
2015 Atlantic hurricane activity during the last millennium.
83  major depressive disorder, recurrent
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BP II (1 time)
BPI (1 time)
MDSE (1 time)
2002 Clinical and demographic features of mood disorder subtypes.
84  mammo digital-radiography
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1989 [The significance of MDR (mammo digital-radiography) in breast cancer mass screening].
85  manifest dream report
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2011 The clinical and predictive value of the initial dream of treatment.
86  manifold dimensionality reduction
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APaRP (1 time)
ISOMAP (1 time)
LS-SVM (1 time)
2016 Combination of the Manifold Dimensionality Reduction Methods with Least Squares Support vector machines for Classifying the Species of Sorghum Seeds.
87  manual digital read
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2011 Reading immunohistochemical slides on a computer monitor--a multisite performance study using 180 HER2-stained breast carcinomas.
88  manual digital slide reading
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
MM (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2011 A multisite performance study comparing the reading of immunohistochemical slides on a computer monitor with conventional manual microscopy for estrogen and progesterone receptor analysis.
89  many unrelated compounds; this is termed 'multidrug resistance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PAbetaN (1 time)
2008 Identification and evolution of drug efflux pump in clinical Enterobacter aerogenes strains isolated in 1995 and 2003.
90  map the entire backbone, including the multiple antibiotic resistance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SGI1 (1 time)
2017 First report in Africa of two clinical isolates of Proteus mirabilis carrying Salmonella genomic island (SGI1) variants, SGI1-PmABB and SGI1-W.
91  maternal official death rates
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
2009 [Comparison of two methods for the investigation of maternal mortality in a municipality of the Brazilian southeast].
92  Mathematically Defined Repeat
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BAC (1 time)
2008 Low-pass shotgun sequencing of the barley genome facilitates rapid identification of genes, conserved non-coding sequences and novel repeats.
93  maxillary denture retention
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
OHIP-14 (1 time)
2012 Tongue support of complete dentures in the elderly.
94  maximal dilatation ratio
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2000 In vivo evaluation of long-term patency of pancreaticoenterostomy after Whipple operation.
95  maximal dose response
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1993 Bovine plasma vitamin A responses to selected nutrients, monensin, and endophytic fescue.
96  maximal drop ratio
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
EMM (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
2018 Proton change of parotid glands after gustatory stimulation examined by magnetic resonance imaging.
97  maximally-diverse residue
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
RD (1 time)
2017 Substitutional Analysis of Orthologous Protein Families Using BLOCKS.
98  maximum AP depolarizing rate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
MRR (1 time)
2018 Difference of acute dissociation and 1-day culture on the electrophysiological properties of rat dorsal root ganglion neurons.
99  maximum denitrification rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BNR (1 time)
MNR (1 time)
2003 Biological nitrogen removal of high-strength ammonium industrial wastewater with two-sludge system.
100  Maximum Dispersal Range
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
2014 Refining climate change projections for organisms with low dispersal abilities: a case study of the Caspian whip snake.