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Abbreviation: MDs
Appearance Frequency: 772 time(s)
Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
mean differences
(350 times)
Medicine
(174 times)
CIs (174 times)
RCTs (153 times)
RRs (134 times)
2009 Plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer concentrations are associated with the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
medical doctors
(61 times)
Health Services Research
(8 times)
DCs (9 times)
RNs (7 times)
PAs (4 times)
1977 The supply of physicians and physicians' incomes: some projections.
Muscular dystrophies
(49 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
DMD (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
LGMD (3 times)
2002 Adolescents with muscular dystrophies.
medical devices
(31 times)
Health Services Research
(8 times)
HTA (6 times)
DEHP (4 times)
PVC (4 times)
2009 A medical device domain analysis model based on HL7 RIM.
molecular descriptors
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
DT (4 times)
MAA (4 times)
RF (3 times)
2006 Bond-based global and local (bond, group and bond-type) quadratic indices and their applications to computer-aided molecular design. 1. QSPR studies of diverse sets of organic chemicals.
movement disorders
(19 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
DBS (3 times)
PD (2 times)
AIMS (1 time)
1988 Evaluation of memory and language function pre- and postthalamotomy with an attempt to define those patients at risk for postoperative dysfunction.
mental disorders
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
MHS (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2004 Long-term evaluation of the effect of quetiapine on hallucinations, delusions and motor function in advanced Parkinson disease.
mitochondrial diseases
(18 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MELAS (4 times)
MDC (2 times)
MERRF (2 times)
2005 Renal pathology in children with mitochondrial diseases.
mood disorders
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
ADs (4 times)
MDD (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2009 The role of mood disorders in exercise-induced cardiovascular reactivity.
10  molecular dynamics
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
ACBP (1 time)
ADA (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2008 A hydrophobic loop in acyl-CoA binding protein is functionally important for binding to palmitoyl-coenzyme A: a molecular dynamics study.
11  Mullerian ducts
(10 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
MIS (4 times)
DES (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1987 Influence of an antiestrogenic drug (tamoxifen) on Mullerian duct agenesia induced by various steroidal sex hormones in the female chick embryo.
12  maintenance doses
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
LD (3 times)
PCI (2 times)
PRI (2 times)
2004 Tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and serum bactericidal activity of intravenous dalbavancin in healthy volunteers.
13  mean deviations
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
NTG (3 times)
POAG (2 times)
AION (1 time)
2004 Short wavelength automated perimetry and tamoxifen use.
14  microdomains
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DRM (2 times)
293-MDs (1 time)
NCalpha (1 time)
2007 Ouabain-induced isoform-specific localization change of the Na+, K+-ATPase alpha subunit in the synaptic plasma membrane of rat brain.
15  miniature dachshunds
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
ICRPs (7 times)
IBD (3 times)
TLR (3 times)
2015 Functional analysis of pattern recognition receptors in miniature dachshunds with inflammatory colorectal polyps.
16  Molecular Dynamics simulations
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2016 An investigation on the interaction modes of a single-strand DNA aptamer and RBP4 protein: a molecular dynamic simulations approach.
17  mean score differences
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
CIs (2 times)
EORTC (1 time)
2014 Influence of co-morbidity on long-term quality of life after oesophagectomy for cancer.
18  misfit dislocations
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CHP (1 time)
FS (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2005 Step-controlled strain relaxation in the vicinal surface epitaxy of nitrides.
19  medical directors
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DONs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
ESs (1 time)
1996 The review process used by US health care plans to evaluate new medical technology for coverage.
20  medication discrepancies
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
MR (3 times)
crMDs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2012 Medication discrepancy and potentially inappropriate medication in older Chinese-American home-care patients after hospital discharge.
21  momentum distributions
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DFT (2 times)
PWIA (2 times)
DSA (1 time)
2003 Assessment of Quantum Mechanical Models Based on Resolved Orbital Momentum Distributions of n-Butane in the Outer Valence Shell.
22  maltodextrins
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
RH (3 times)
Tg (3 times)
DDS (1 time)
2014 Water-solid interactions in amorphous maltodextrin-crystalline sucrose binary mixtures.
23  medical residents
(3 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
RNs (2 times)
ACLS (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
1986 Retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills by physicians, registered nurses, and the general public.
24  microdisks
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ASE (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2013 Blue-green emitting microdisks using low-temperature-grown ZnO on patterned silicon substrates.
25  middle distillates
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DMBA (2 times)
LRPO (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
1989 The carcinogenic initiating and promoting properties of a lightly refined paraffinic oil.
26  moderate drinkers
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1985 Salsolinol in the urine of nonalcoholic individuals after long-term moderate drinking.
27  multiplet discharges
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MND (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2015 Increased supernormality in patients with multiplet discharges: Evidence for a common pathophysiological mechanism behind multiplets and fasciculations.
28  musculoskeletal disorders
(3 times)
Arthritis
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
ADLs (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2013 The application of optical coherence tomography in musculoskeletal disease.
29  maternal deaths
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
NM (1 time)
PLTCs (1 time)
2014 Experiences with facility-based maternal death reviews in northern Nigeria.
30  mean diameters
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
IAs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2010 NSAID drugs release from injectable microspheres produced by supercritical fluid emulsion extraction.
31  midline defects
(2 times)
Teratology
(2 times)
DH (2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
VSDs (2 times)
2003 Analysis of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug literature for potential developmental toxicity in rats and rabbits.
32  Minkowski dimensions
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MFs (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
GLCM (1 time)
2009 Development and testing of texture discriminators for the analysis of trabecular bone in proximal femur radiographs.
33  mitochondrial derivatives
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Testicular, spermatogenesis and sperm morphology in Martarega bentoi (Heteroptera: Notonectidae).
34  mobility devices
(2 times)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2007 Use of mobility devices and changes over 12 months among very old people in five European countries.
35  motor deficits
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LDH (1 time)
LLIF (1 time)
SDs (1 time)
2013 An institutional six-year trend analysis of the neurological outcome after lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a 6-year trend analysis of a single institution.
36  multi-environment, single variance GE deviation model
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
GK (2 times)
MDe (2 times)
MM (2 times)
2017 Genomic-Enabled Prediction in Maize Using Kernel Models with Genotype Environment Interaction.
37  muscle dystrophies
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DMD (1 time)
MuSCs (1 time)
2014 From innate to adaptive immune response in muscular dystrophies and skeletal muscle regeneration: the role of lymphocytes.
38  macromerdiols
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
PHAs (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2006 Towards developing surface eroding poly(alpha-hydroxy acids).
39  macular degenerations
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
BVD (1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis and classification of macular degenerations: an approach based on retinal function testing.
40  macular diseases
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
BCEA (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
2007 Fixation in patients with juvenile macular disease.
41  magnetic dislocations
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Motion and Interaction of Magnetic Dislocations in Alternating Magnetic Field.
42  magnetic dots
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SC (1 time)
2004 Vortex-antivortex lattices in superconducting films with magnetic pinning arrays.
43  Magnetic-cored dendrimers
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
MNPs (1 time)
2018 Computational calculation identified optimal binding sites in nano-sized magnetic-cored dendrimer.
44  Mahalanobis distances
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CE-MRA (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2011 Automated vessel segmentation using cross-correlation and pooled covariance matrix analysis.
45  Mailed survey of randomly selected clinical geneticists
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Distress and burnout among genetic service providers.
46  mailed to randomly selected primary care physicians
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
APRNs (1 time)
LPNs (1 time)
MAs (1 time)
2004 Smoking-related attitudes and clinical practices of medical personnel in Minnesota.
47  maintenance attitudes and behaviors of physicians
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
non-MDs (1 time)
1988 Health maintenance activities of physicians and nonphysicians.
48  maintenance diets
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
1999 Role of learning in the selection of dietary protein in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
49  major defects
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
mAs (1 time)
SUA (1 time)
2014 Minor anomalies: can they predict specific major defects? A study based on 23 major and 14 minor anomalies in over 25,000 newborns with birth defects.
50  mandibulofacial dysostoses
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Microcephaly, microtia, preauricular tags, choanal atresia and developmental delay in three unrelated patients: a mandibulofacial dysostosis distinct from Treacher Collins syndrome.
51  manic depressive
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CONs (1 time)
NPL (1 time)
SZs (1 time)
2000 Glutamate decarboxylase(65)-immunoreactive terminals in cingulate and prefrontal cortices of schizophrenic and bipolar brain.
52  manic-depressives
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CONs (1 time)
1994 Fractal analysis of the boundary between white matter and cerebral cortex in magnetic resonance images: a controlled study of schizophrenic and manic-depressive patients.
53  manual defibrillators
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
2009 Automated external defibrillators and simulated in-hospital cardiac arrests.
54  Manual differentials
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CBCs (1 time)
2015 Is the Use of Complete Blood Counts with Manual Differentials an Antiquated Method of Determining Neutrophil Composition in Newborns?
55  marginal donors
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2012 Does the use of extended criteria donors influence early and long-term results of lung transplantation?
56  Marine debris
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
PET (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2017 Pollutant content in marine debris and characterization by thermal decomposition.
57  marker dots
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2016 Cells With Chromosomal Aberrations Trigger Neoplastic Transformations in Humans.
58  mass disasters
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FO (1 time)
2018 Role of forensic odontology in the identification of victims of major mass disasters across the world: A systematic review.
59  mathematical difficulties
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Working memory deficit in children with mathematical difficulties: a general or specific deficit?
60  mean degrees
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DDs (1 time)
DVG (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2014 Analysis and classification of sleep stages based on difference visibility graphs from a single-channel EEG signal.
61  mean diffusivities
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PDF (1 time)
QSI (1 time)
2017 Can we shorten the q-space imaging to make it clinically feasible?
62  meaningful differences
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
EQ (1 time)
EQ-index (1 time)
2010 Validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the EQ-5D in inflammatory bowel disease in Germany.
63  medial dendrites
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DDs (1 time)
DG (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
2015 Spatial information enhanced by non-spatial information in hippocampal granule cells.
64  Medical house staff
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
PHs (1 time)
2013 Agreement between ICU clinicians and electrophysiology cardiologists on the decision to initiate a QTc-interval prolonging medication in critically ill patients with potential risk factors for torsade de pointes: a comparative, case-based evaluation.
65  medical oncologists
(1 time)
Oncology Nursing
(1 time)
CIA (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2015 Familiarity, opinions, experiences and knowledge about scalp cooling: a Dutch survey among breast cancer patients and oncological professionals.
66  medical school graduates
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
AY (1 time)
BBA (1 time)
2008 US residency training before and after the 1997 Balanced Budget Act.
67  medical school physicians
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CENETEC (1 time)
CPG (1 time)
2014 [Knowledge and attitudes of teachers at a Medical School and the use of clinical practice guidelines].
68  medicine among allopathic physicians
(1 time)
Osteopathic Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Perception of osteopathic medicine among allopathic physicians in the deep central southern United States.
69  medicine doctors
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ATs (1 time)
PTs (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2011 Practice management of musculoskeletal injuries in active children.
70  medium-scale deletions
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
FRT (1 time)
LDs (1 time)
SDs (1 time)
2008 Construction of long chromosomal deletion mutants of Escherichia coli and minimization of the genome.
71  medullary ducts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2006 Heat shock protein 70 expression is associated with inhibition of renal tubule epithelial cell apoptosis during recovery from low-protein feeding.
72  Meiotic Drive Elements
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Genes that bias Mendelian segregation.
73  members, including pediatric residents and interns
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
bpm (1 time)
BVM (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2011 Hyperventilation in pediatric resuscitation: performance in simulated pediatric medical emergencies.
74  membrane domains
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NBDs (1 time)
2009 Molecular basis of multidrug transport by ABC transporters.
75  metabolic diseases
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BSS (1 time)
DISGT (1 time)
TGs (1 time)
2017 Do In Seung Gi‑Tang extract suppresses adipocyte differentiation in 3T3‑L1 cells.
76  metabolic disorders
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2012 Human serum proteome analysis: new source of markers in metabolic disorders.
77  metastases were examined by six experienced breast pathologists
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AJCC (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2008 Nodal stage classification for breast carcinoma: improving interobserver reproducibility through standardized histologic criteria and image-based training.
78  methamphetamine- dependent males
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HDs (1 time)
2017 Comparison of demographic characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity among methamphetamine-, heroin- and methamphetamine-heroin co- dependent males in Hunan, China.
79  methylation defects
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DMRs (1 time)
DNMT1 (1 time)
IDs (1 time)
2016 Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib in a patient with multilocus imprinting disturbance: a female-dominant phenomenon?
80  Microdialysates
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2011 Brain extracellular fluid protein changes in acute stroke patients.
81  microdialysis
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2012 Microdialysis--a versatile technology to perform metabolic monitoring in diabetes and critically ill patients.
82  microdroplets
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BZ (1 time)
GNF (1 time)
2018 Dynamics of a 1D array of inhibitory coupled chemical oscillators in microdroplets with global negative feedback.
83  microemulsion droplets
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
SAXS (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2014 Spherical-to-cylindrical transformation of reverse micelles and their templating effect on the growth of nanostructures.
84  middle domains
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Regulatory coiled-coil domains promote head-to-head assemblies of AAA+ chaperones essential for tunable activity control.
85  migratory distances
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ELS (1 time)
ISAK (1 time)
2002 Stability of somatotypes in 4 to 10 year-old rural South African girls.
86  Millettia pachycarpa, and its two derivatives
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MIL (1 time)
2018 The compound millepachine and its derivatives inhibit tubulin polymerization by irreversibly binding to the colchicine-binding site in beta-tubulin.
87  minimal displacements
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1991 Kinaesthetic acuity of stutterers and non-stutterers for oral and non-oral movements.
88  Mirror distortions
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Difference in sensorimotor adaptation to horizontal and vertical mirror distortions during ballistic arm movements.
89  Misidentification delusions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Misidentification Delusions: Prevalence in Different Types of Dementia and Validation of a Structured Questionnaire.
90  Mitochondrial dysfunction(s)
(1 time)
Metabolomics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Unraveling biochemical pathways affected by mitochondrial dysfunctions using metabolomic approaches.
91  mixed diets
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2018 Three-Year Chronic Consumption of Low-Carbohydrate Diet Impairs Exercise Performance and Has a Small Unfavorable Effect on Lipid Profile in Middle-Aged Men.
92  mixed disulfides
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUDs (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
Cys (1 time)
2016 The Relationship Between Airway Antioxidant Levels, Alcohol Use Disorders, and Cigarette Smoking.
93  Modern dressings
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CLUs (1 time)
2015 Contact sensitization to modern dressings: a multicentre study on 354 patients with chronic leg ulcers.
94  modification degrees
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
hLys (1 time)
2018 Basified Human Lysozyme: A Potent Inhibitor against Amyloid beta-Protein Fibrillogenesis.
95  modified clasp dentures
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
ODs (1 time)
RPDs (1 time)
2002 Complications and failures in removable partial dentures: a clinical evaluation.
96  modulated deviations
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CRIs (1 time)
2015 Study on the correlations between color rendering indices and the spectral power distributions: comment.
97  Moluccan districts
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
--- 2016 Involving hard-to-reach ethnic minorities in low-budget health research: lessons from a health survey among Moluccans in the Netherlands.
98  monogenic disease genes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Human monogenic disease genes have frequently functionally redundant paralogs.
99  monogenic diseases
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NGS (1 time)
WES (1 time)
2018 Next generation sequencing in pediatric hepatology and liver transplantation.
100  monovalent determinants
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PDs (1 time)
1996 An 'antigenic ligand competition' model for antigen receptor-mediated lymphocyte selection.