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Abbreviation: MED
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Long forms: 241

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
minimal erythema dose
(469 times)
Dermatology
(308 times)
UV (100 times)
UVB (40 times)
UVR (27 times)
1975 Quinidine photosensitivity.
minimum effective dose
(159 times)
Pharmacology
(52 times)
DEET (6 times)
CPP (3 times)
CRF (3 times)
1957 Experimental studies on chemotherapy of malignant growth employing Yoshida sarcoma animals. XVI. Determination of minimum effective dose (MED) of nitromin and other compounds by means of cytochemical detection of the PAS positive substances.
multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
(117 times)
Genetics, Medical
(56 times)
COMP (43 times)
PSACH (37 times)
MATN3 (9 times)
1989 Avascular necrosis of the hip in multiple epiphyseal dysplasia.
microendoscopic discectomy
(99 times)
Neurosurgery
(27 times)
ODI (20 times)
VAS (20 times)
LDH (14 times)
1999 Microendoscopic approach to far-lateral lumbar disc herniation.
morphine equivalent dose
(67 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
CI (5 times)
LOS (5 times)
OR (5 times)
2004 Dose-response relationship between opioid use and adverse effects after ambulatory surgery.
Mediterranean
(62 times)
Zoology
(13 times)
MEAM1 (25 times)
LMP1 (3 times)
TYLCV (3 times)
1993 Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp. (Prochlorophyta) Strains Isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
medetomidine
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
ATI (7 times)
DEX (6 times)
IM (5 times)
1990 Acute hemodynamic effects of medetomidine and clonidine in healthy volunteers: a noninvasive echocardiographic study.
Medical Entities Dictionary
(24 times)
Medical Informatics
(22 times)
UMLS (4 times)
LOINC (3 times)
AMIA (1 time)
1994 Knowledge-based approaches to the maintenance of a large controlled medical terminology.
Mediator
(23 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
Pol II (5 times)
CVD (2 times)
EPCs (2 times)
2004 Structure and function of CRSP/Med2; a promoter-selective transcriptional coactivator complex.
10  medication
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
PD (4 times)
DBS (3 times)
MDD (3 times)
1983 Evaluation of combined H1- and H2-receptor blocking agents in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis.
11  medical therapy
(16 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CABG (6 times)
PCI (5 times)
OAT (4 times)
1986 Sustained efficacy of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
12  male erectile dysfunction
(13 times)
Urology
(4 times)
PDE5 (3 times)
NO (2 times)
PDE (2 times)
1997 The role of phosphodiesterase inhibitors in impotence.
13  monocular elevation deficiency
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
FDT (2 times)
IR (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2006 Full tendon transposition augmented with posterior intermuscular suture and recession--resection surgery.
14  medium
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
HI (6 times)
NEG (3 times)
POS (3 times)
1990 Effect of body weight, feed allowance, and dietary protein intake during the prebreeder period on early reproductive performance of broiler breeder hens.
15  main excretory duct
(11 times)
Anatomy
(8 times)
SMG (3 times)
GCT (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1988 Ultrastructure of the main excretory duct epithelia of the rat parotid and submandibular glands with a review of the literature.
16  Mycoepoxydiene
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERK (3 times)
JNK (3 times)
Hsp90 (2 times)
2010 Mycoepoxydiene, a fungal polyketide, induces cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and apoptosis in HeLa cells.
17  medulloblastoma
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
GBM (2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
1990 Immunophenotype profile of childhood medulloblastomas and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors using 16 monoclonal antibodies.
18  medial
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LAT (5 times)
ANT (2 times)
CENT (2 times)
1993 Effects of amygdaloid lesions on gastric erosion formation during exposure to activity-stress.
19  mean esophageal dose
(8 times)
Radiotherapy
(5 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
MLD (3 times)
AE (2 times)
2010 Development, external validation and clinical usefulness of a practical prediction model for radiation-induced dysphagia in lung cancer patients.
20  medicine
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
CARD (2 times)
SURG (2 times)
1984 [Potential value of the amoxicillin-clavulanic acid combination in general medicine, gynecology-obstetrics and pediatrics departments].
21  medulla
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CER (2 times)
MLR (2 times)
PPN (2 times)
1985 Regulation of rat brain angiotensin II (AII) receptors by intravenous AII and low dietary Na+.
22  Mediator complex
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
Id2 (1 time)
LVI (1 time)
2002 Evidence for a mediator of RNA polymerase II transcriptional regulation conserved from yeast to man.
23  medical therapy alone
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CABG (3 times)
MI (3 times)
OAT (3 times)
2009 Causes of death in early MI survivors with persistent infarct artery occlusion: results from the Occluded Artery Trial (OAT).
24  Middle Eastern Dust
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
TSP (2 times)
LDH (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2012 Characterization of ionic composition of TSP and PM10 during the Middle Eastern Dust (MED) storms in Ahvaz, Iran.
25  molarity of ethanol droplet
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
WDPT (2 times)
DEO (1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
2003 Relationship between water repellency and native and petroleum-derived organic carbon in soils.
26  molecular electron density
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MESP (4 times)
CPs (2 times)
MTA (2 times)
1994 Graphics visualization of molecular surfaces.
27  multi-electrode dish
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GABA (2 times)
SCN (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2000 Synchronization of circadian firing rhythms in cultured rat suprachiasmatic neurons.
28  medical emergency department
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1993 Computerized monitoring of emergency department patient flow.
29  Medical Exposure Directive
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
QA (2 times)
BSS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1998 Radiation protection legislation.
30  medulla oblongata
(5 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
FC (3 times)
AMY (2 times)
CER (2 times)
1994 Kavapyrone enriched extract from Piper methysticum as modulator of the GABA binding site in different regions of rat brain.
31  metal-enhanced electrochemical detection
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
SPR (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
DAMP (1 time)
2002 Immunoassay with a microtiter plate incorporated multichannel electrochemical detection system.
32  Minimum Entropy Decomposition
(5 times)
Environmental Microbiology
(3 times)
acsA (1 time)
BLAST (1 time)
IGVs (1 time)
2014 The R package otu2ot for implementing the entropy decomposition of nucleotide variation in sequence data.
33  monocyte esterase deficiency
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ENMs (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1993 Monocyte esterase deficiency in gastrointestinal cancer.
34  median frequency
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BIS (3 times)
EEG (3 times)
CV (1 time)
2000 Effects of intravenous infusion of guaifenesin on electroencephalographic variables in pigs.
35  medical treatment
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
OAT (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
SG (2 times)
2010 Medical and surgical treatments for obesity have opposite effects on peptide YY and appetite: a prospective study controlled for weight loss.
36  medication alone
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
Comb (2 times)
PDDs (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2009 Medication and parent training in children with pervasive developmental disorders and serious behavior problems: results from a randomized clinical trial.
37  Medina embolization device
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
HF-DSA (1 time)
2018 Medina Embolization Device for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms: Safety and Angiographic Effectiveness at 6 Months.
38  Mediterranean-style
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DGA (1 time)
2011 Effects of 3-month Mediterranean-type diet on postprandial TAG and apolipoprotein B48 in the Medi-RIVAGE cohort.
39  MEssaging for Diabetes
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
IVR (2 times)
mHealth (2 times)
HbA1c (1 time)
2016 The MEssaging for Diabetes (MED) intervention improves short-term medication adherence among low-income adults with type 2 diabetes.
40  middle ear disease
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SHTS (1 time)
1999 Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is an independent predictor for symptoms of middle ear disease at five years' postdelivery.
41  male erectile disorder
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
Sex-ASQ (1 time)
1994 Psychologically based treatment for male erectile disorder: a cognitive-interpersonal model.
42  mean Euclidean distance
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCEA (1 time)
LM (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
2005 Accuracy of stereotaxic positioning of transcranial magnetic stimulation.
43  Medallion barley
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GUN (3 times)
HAR (3 times)
1996 Barley varieties for finishing steers: I. Feedlot performance, in vivo diet digestion, and carcass characteristics.
44  medetomidine hydrochloride
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
KET (3 times)
HR (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2001 Determination of optimal immobilizing doses of a medetomidine hydrochloride and ketamine hydrochloride combination in captive reindeer.
45  medical
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BARI 2D (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2012 Impact of left ventricular function and the extent of ischemia and scar by stress myocardial perfusion imaging on prognosis and therapeutic risk reduction in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease: results from the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial.
46  Medina Embolic Device
(3 times)
Radiography, Interventional
(2 times)
ICA (2 times)
mRRC (2 times)
FDS (1 time)
2017 The Medina Embolic Device: early clinical experience from a single center.
47  minimum efficacious dose
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CRD (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
2001 The continual reassessment method: comparison of Bayesian stopping rules for dose-ranging studies.
48  minimum eliciting dose
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CMA (1 time)
CMP (1 time)
DBPCFC (1 time)
2008 Probabilistic risk assessment model for allergens in food: sensitivity analysis of the minimum eliciting dose and food consumption.
49  minimum embedding dimension
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LLE (3 times)
NL (2 times)
HR (1 time)
2000 Nonlinear measures of heart rate time series: influence of posture and controlled breathing.
50  multienzyme digestion
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FASP (2 times)
SAX (1 time)
VTE (1 time)
2016 Quantitative Evaluation of Filter Aided Sample Preparation (FASP) and Multienzyme Digestion FASP Protocols.
51  multimedia event detection
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
1000OBK (1 time)
TPSAC (1 time)
2014 Secure access control and large scale robust representation for online multimedia event detection.
52  Markov edit distance
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MPPSA (1 time)
SW (1 time)
2004 Markov edit distance.
53  mature epitope density
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CLA (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2013 Mature Epitope Density--a strategy for target selection based on immunoinformatics and exported prokaryotic proteins.
54  maximum entropy distribution
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AMVMED (1 time)
MEMs (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2004 Maximum entropy modeling of short sequence motifs with applications to RNA splicing signals.
55  mechanical esophageal deviation
(2 times)
LETElev (1 time)
PV (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
2017 The Extent of Mechanical Esophageal Deviation to Avoid Esophageal HeatingDuring Catheter Ablation ofAtrialFibrillation.
56  mediastinoscopy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EBUS-TBNA (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
MED-IRS (1 time)
2013 Comparative study of NOTES alone versus NOTES guided by a new image registration system for navigation in the mediastinum: a study in a porcine model.
57  Medical Education Department
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
AAMC (1 time)
KAU (1 time)
MCAT (1 time)
2012 The establishment and roles of the Medical Education Department in the faculty of Medicine, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah Saudi Arabia.
58  Medicare Standard Analytic Files
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HAC (2 times)
NIS (2 times)
NSQIP (2 times)
2018 Big Data and Total Hip Arthroplasty: How Do Large Databases Compare?
59  medication plus clinical management, either alone
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
DBT (1 time)
2003 Dialectical behavior therapy for depressed older adults: a randomized pilot study.
60  medicine services
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2000 Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding: differences in outcome for patients admitted to internal medicine and gastroenterological services.
61  medroxyprogesterone
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
17 beta-ES (1 time)
ASs (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
2002 Increases in mouse uterine heat shock protein levels are a sensitive and specific response to uterotrophic agents.
62  medullectomy
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
EPI (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1984 Effect of selective removal of the adrenal medulla on female sexual development.
63  methyl ecgonidine
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
ED (2 times)
BZ (1 time)
COC (1 time)
2001 Examination of postmortem fluids and tissues for the presence of methylecgonidine, ecgonidine, cocaine, and benzoylecgonine using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
64  mimicked by the potent nAChR agonist, epibatidine
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2002 Effects of alpha 4/beta 2- and alpha 7-nicotine acetylcholine receptor agonists on prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response in rats and mice.
65  minimal emotional dysfunctions
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Minimal emotional dysfunctions (MED) in personality disorders.
66  minimum entropy deconvolution
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ADMM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EMD (1 time)
2013 Fault detection of roller-bearings using signal processing and optimization algorithms.
67  minimum Euclidean distance
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
MUAP (2 times)
LDA (1 time)
MUAPT (1 time)
1997 Supervised mutual-information based feature selection for motor unit action potential classification.
68  mobile electronic device
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Use of personal phones by senior nursing students to access health care information during clinical education: staff nurses' and students' perceptions.
69  Mobile Emergency Department
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Neonatal presentations to a Mixed Emergency Department.
70  motif expression decomposition
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CREs (1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2006 Deciphering principles of transcription regulation in eukaryotic genomes.
71  mouse-equivalent doses
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OEP-NF (2 times)
HDS (1 time)
2017 Safety assessment of the dietary supplement OxyELITE™ Pro (New Formula) in inbred and outbred mouse strains.
72  mouth-exercising device
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IID (2 times)
OSMF (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2016 Clinical Efficacy of a Mouth-Exercising Device Adjunct to Local Ointment Intra-Lesional Injections and Surgical Treatment for Oral Submucous Fibrosis: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
73  multi-effect distillation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BCHD (1 time)
CMW (1 time)
RO (1 time)
2018 Study on bubble column humidification and dehumidification system for coal mine wastewater treatment.
74  multiple effect distillation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MSF (2 times)
RO (2 times)
SA (1 time)
2016 A Method for Seawater Desalination via Squeezing Ionic Hydrogels.
75  multipurpose ergometer-dynamometer
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
IMNF (1 time)
1995 Effects of microgravity on muscular explosive power of the lower limbs in humans.
76  Multiscale error diffusion
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
--- 2010 Green noise digital halftoning with multiscale error diffusion.
77  multivariate entropy distance
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
EDP (2 times)
ORFs (2 times)
TISs (1 time)
2004 Multivariate entropy distance method for prokaryotic gene identification.
78  magnetic expansion device
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Light maxillary expansion forces with the magnetic expansion device. A preliminary investigation.
79  magneto-electrodeposited
(1 time)
--- 2008 Chirality of magneto-electrodeposited metal film electrodes.
80  magnitude estimation and detection
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Using magnitude estimation to investigate the perceptual components of signal detection theory.
81  mainly for their good potency
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 Preparation and antitumor activity of additional mitomycin A analogues.
82  major depression who were randomly assigned to nefazadone alone
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CBASP (1 time)
2007 Dropouts versus completers among chronically depressed outpatients.
83  Manhattan Engineer District
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AEC (1 time)
1996 Doses to workers in the United States nuclear weapons program due to external irradiation at the dawn of the atomic era (1940-1960).
84  Mansour Eddahbi
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ALM (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2010 Identification and quantification of cyanobacterial toxins (microcystins) in two Moroccan drinking-water reservoirs (Mansour Eddahbi, Almassira).
85  manual external defibrillators
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
2018 Audit of defibrillators at an urban public sector hospital.
86  marijuana extract distillate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
1978 Effects of marijuana extract distillate and cannabidiol on variable interval performance as a function of food deprivation.
87  markedly, augmented punished responding
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in the anxiolytic action of S 14671 in the pigeon conflict test.
88  mass equivalent diameter
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
CLS (1 time)
GEMMA (1 time)
2015 A uniform measurement expression for cross method comparison of nanoparticle aggregate size distributions.
89  Matched Effective Dose
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
DVC (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2006 Single course IMRT plan to deliver 45 Gy to seminal vesicles and 81 Gy to prostate in 45 fractions.
90  maternal expression domain
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2008 Association study of the 15q11-q13 maternal expression domain in Japanese autistic patients.
91  maternal separation-induced ultrasonic vocalization paradigm in rat pups
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 SSR180711, a novel selective alpha7 nicotinic receptor partial agonist: (II) efficacy in experimental models predictive of activity against cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.
92  matrix energy demand
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
EIEs (1 time)
LTE (1 time)
2010 Discharge characteristics and non-spectral interferences on the emission of ca species in a medium power radiofrequency capacitively coupled plasma source.
93  maximum frequency remained lower in PD-patients during ON
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
STN (1 time)
2008 Differential effects of levodopa and subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation on bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease.
94  mean dose
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Outpatient therapeutic chronic opioid consumption in Italy: a one-year survey.
95  mean edge distance
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DGR (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2012 Tracking pylorus in ultrasonic image sequences with edge-based optical flow.
96  Mean effective depth
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
ITV (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2012 Dosimetric comparison of treatment plans based on free breathing, maximum, and average intensity projection CTs for lung cancer SBRT.
97  mean effective diameter
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
DOC (1 time)
SDBS (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2017 Impact of the type of emulsifier on the physicochemical characteristics of the prepared fish oil-loaded microcapsules.
98  mean emphysema density
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AECOPD (1 time)
DLCO/VA (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2018 Risk factors predict frequent hospitalization in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD.
99  mean erythrocyte density
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
DEF (1 time)
DSDE (1 time)
2009 [Density-specific distribution of erythrocytes in different types of anemia].
100  mean exercise duration
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
FMD (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2009 Effects of nebivolol on endothelial function and exercise parameters in patients with slow coronary flow.