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Abbreviation: MR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
magnetic resonance
(24305 times)
Radiology
(10403 times)
CT (3149 times)
US (805 times)
MRI (788 times)
0 Cam and Pincer Type of Femoroacetabular Impingement.
mitral regurgitation
(3302 times)
Cardiology
(2191 times)
LV (688 times)
MV (288 times)
LA (198 times)
1976 Histopathological study of hypertrophied myocardium of known etiologies with special reference to correlation of ECG changes.
mineralocorticoid receptor
(1929 times)
Endocrinology
(471 times)
GR (649 times)
HPA (152 times)
CORT (59 times)
1983 Renal mineralocorticoid receptors and hippocampal corticosterone-binding species have identical intrinsic steroid specificity.
mental retardation
(725 times)
Genetics, Medical
(235 times)
FISH (34 times)
CP (30 times)
XLMR (29 times)
1977 A biologic and genetic study of 40 cases of severe pure mental retardation.
Mendelian randomization
(626 times)
Epidemiology
(90 times)
OR (124 times)
CI (121 times)
GWAS (111 times)
2009 Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium testing of biological ascertainment for Mendelian randomization studies.
metabolic rate
(405 times)
Pharmacology
(122 times)
Ta (43 times)
Tb (28 times)
PM (27 times)
1975 Thyroid activity in desert rodents: a mechanism for lowered metabolic rate.
mannose receptor
(317 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(113 times)
DCs (33 times)
DC (20 times)
IL (19 times)
1992 Phagocytic chimeric receptors require both transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains from the mannose receptor.
minor response
(208 times)
Neoplasms
(117 times)
PR (142 times)
CR (95 times)
PD (41 times)
1978 Further studies of effects of chlorpromazine on the contingent negative variation.
mineralocorticoid
(203 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
GR (188 times)
HPA (43 times)
CORT (16 times)
1980 19-nor analogs of adrenal steroids: mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptor activity.
10  magnetic resonance imaging
(200 times)
Radiology
(50 times)
CT (70 times)
US (18 times)
PET (10 times)
1984 Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of breast disease: use of transverse relaxation times.
11  mortality rate
(182 times)
Medicine
(40 times)
CI (17 times)
EDR (9 times)
IR (7 times)
1978 Gonadal hormones and pathogenesis of occlusive arterial thrombosis.
12  milk replacer
(175 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(140 times)
DM (38 times)
CP (29 times)
BW (20 times)
1986 Growth, intakes and metabolic responses of artificially reared lambs weaned at 14 d of age.
13  modified release
(170 times)
Pharmacology
(74 times)
IR (41 times)
PK (8 times)
RA (8 times)
1988 Intragastric behavior and absorption kinetics of a normal and "floating" modified-release capsule of isradipine under fasted and fed conditions.
14  medial rectus
(137 times)
Ophthalmology
(91 times)
LR (78 times)
IR (22 times)
PD (22 times)
1976 An explanation of eye movements seen in internuclear ophthalmoplegia.
15  mitral valve regurgitation
(133 times)
Cardiology
(71 times)
LV (14 times)
TR (10 times)
MVR (9 times)
1981 Severe mitral regurgitation: a common occurrence in the aging patient with secundum atrial septal defect.
16  methicillin-resistant
(110 times)
Microbiology
(29 times)
MS (25 times)
CoNS (21 times)
CNS (14 times)
1976 [Pathogenicity of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro study].
17  mitochondria-rich
(106 times)
Physiology
(44 times)
FW (15 times)
SW (15 times)
NKA (11 times)
1975 Identification of aldosterone-induced proteins in the toad's urinary bladder.
18  magnetorheological
(98 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
CI (12 times)
MRF (11 times)
CIPs (3 times)
2000 Micromechanics of magnetorheological suspensions.
19  Maillard reaction
(95 times)
Chemistry
(39 times)
MRPs (25 times)
HMF (9 times)
AGEs (7 times)
1995 Light from Maillard reaction: photon counting, emission spectrum, photography and visual perception.
20  mental rotation
(82 times)
Psychology
(19 times)
RT (6 times)
EEG (4 times)
RTs (4 times)
1994 Test-retest reliability of eccentric peak torque values for shoulder medial and lateral rotation using the Biodex isokinetic dynamometer.
21  methionine restriction
(81 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
FGF21 (9 times)
EE (8 times)
WAT (6 times)
2004 Evaluation of 99mTc-L-methionine brain SPECT for detection of recurrent brain tumor: a pilot study with radiological and pathological correlation.
22  methyl red
(68 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
FTIR (6 times)
XRD (5 times)
MB (4 times)
1970 Improved 18-hour methyl red test.
23  mixed reality
(68 times)
Medical Informatics
(18 times)
VR (16 times)
AR (14 times)
HMD (4 times)
2007 A preliminary study of MR sickness evaluation using visual motion aftereffect for advanced driver assistance systems.
24  molar refractivity
(66 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
QSAR (16 times)
MV (5 times)
MLR (4 times)
1977 Quantitative structure-activity relationships for 5-substituted 8-hydroxyquinolines as inhibitors of dental plaque.
25  molecular replacement
(62 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(28 times)
PDB (5 times)
NCS (3 times)
EM (2 times)
1995 On the solution of the molecular-replacement problem at very low resolution: application to large complexes.
26  molecular response
(54 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
CML (35 times)
IS (10 times)
OS (9 times)
1999 The risk of residual molecular and cytogenetic disease in patients with Philadelphia-chromosome positive first chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia is reduced after transplantation of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells compared with bone marrow.
27  mean ratio
(53 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CI (14 times)
ADMA (3 times)
LOS (3 times)
1979 Thallium-201: quantitation of right ventricular hypertrophy in chronically hypoxic rats.
28  median raphe
(53 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
DR (29 times)
5-HT (5 times)
5,7-DHT (4 times)
1977 Serotonergic basis of reward in median raphe of the rat.
29  mentally retarded
(53 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DS (6 times)
CVF (2 times)
IQ (2 times)
1978 Personality measurement in parents of retarded and emotionally disturbed children: a replication.
30  muscarinic receptor
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
ACh (12 times)
AC (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1992 Myocardial cholinergic signaling changes with age.
31  multireference
(51 times)
Chemistry
(48 times)
CC (9 times)
SR (7 times)
GMS (4 times)
2001 The importance of dihydrogen complexes HnGe(H2)+ (n=0,1) to the chemistry of cationic germanium hydrides: advanced theoretical and mass spectrometric analysis.
32  mitotic rate
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
LI (11 times)
SLN (9 times)
MI (4 times)
1980 The effects of neonatal androgenization on mammary gland mitotic rate and susceptibility of carcinogen-induced mammary dysplastigenesis and tumorigenesis in LEW/Mai rats.
33  medication reconciliation
(45 times)
Pharmacy
(14 times)
BPMH (4 times)
MDs (3 times)
ADEs (2 times)
2005 Designing an electronic medication reconciliation system.
34  minimal response
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PR (29 times)
CR (22 times)
SD (10 times)
1976 The liver as a privileged site for parathyroid alloimplanation in the rat.
35  median raphe nucleus
(42 times)
Brain
(14 times)
DR (12 times)
5,7-DHT (3 times)
GABA (3 times)
1979 Serotonergic mediation of reward within the medial raphe nucleus: some persistent problems in interpretation.
36  miscarriage rate
(42 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(23 times)
CPR (26 times)
LBR (23 times)
IR (15 times)
2004 Semen preparation techniques for intrauterine insemination.
37  measles-rubella
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
MMR (8 times)
CI (2 times)
CRS (2 times)
1991 Risk of seizures after measles-mumps-rubella immunization.
38  medical record
(38 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
FEP (3 times)
CSMF (2 times)
1985 A computerized summary medical record system can provide more information than the standard medical record.
39  mannose-resistant
(34 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
MS (21 times)
HA (6 times)
BSA (1 time)
1979 Hemagglutination patterns of enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli determined with human, bovine, chicken, and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of mannose.
40  multiple regression
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ANN (4 times)
ANNs (2 times)
BAFF (2 times)
1981 Separating age, cohort, and time of measurement: analysis of variance or multiple regression.
41  mandelate racemase
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(26 times)
MLE (3 times)
ENS (2 times)
GlucD (2 times)
1990 Restructuring catalysis in the mandelate pathway.
42  molecular remission
(29 times)
Hematology
(20 times)
CML (7 times)
APL (5 times)
CR (5 times)
1999 Detection of minimal residual disease in B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
43  moderately resistant
(28 times)
Botany
(7 times)
HR (11 times)
FHB (7 times)
LR (7 times)
2001 Effects of resistance exercise on plasma, erythrocyte, and urine Zn.
44  Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis
(28 times)
Dermatology
(15 times)
AP (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
1975 Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (lipoid dermato-arthritis). An erosive polyarthritis with distinctive clinical, roentgenographic and pathologic features.
45  mother-reared
(26 times)
Brain
(6 times)
AR (13 times)
NR (5 times)
PR (4 times)
1983 Growth and development of rats artificially reared on a high or a low plane of nutrition.
46  maturation rate
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
FM (3 times)
PM (3 times)
SR (3 times)
1998 Contralateral frequency-modulated tones suppress transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions in humans.
47  Maudsley reactive
(25 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
MNRA (7 times)
MNR (6 times)
SD (3 times)
1976 A reevaluation of the relation between estrogen and emotionality in female rats.
48  medial rectus muscle
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
LR (5 times)
IR (4 times)
PD (4 times)
1998 [Magnetic resonance imaging of of the right extraocular muscle paths in healthy persons and in patients with high myopia].
49  meal replacement
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
BMI (4 times)
HP (3 times)
SP (3 times)
2002 Lipoprotein responses to weight loss and weight maintenance in high-risk obese subjects.
50  myocardial revascularization
(23 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
CPB (6 times)
ECC (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
1992 [Surgical management of the aortic valve in patients older than 70 years of age].
51  maintenance rituximab
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
PFS (11 times)
OS (10 times)
FL (8 times)
2006 Rituximab-CHOP versus CHOP alone or with maintenance rituximab in older patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
52  manifest refraction
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
SE (5 times)
UDVA (5 times)
AR (4 times)
2002 Comparison of a ray-tracing refractometer, autorefractor, and computerized videokeratography in measuring pseudophakic eyes.
53  moderate risk
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HR (17 times)
LR (9 times)
APCS (5 times)
2002 Intra-abdominal thickness by ultrasonography to predict risk factors for cardiovascular disease and its correlation with anthropometric measurements.
54  molar ratio
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
BSA (2 times)
DD (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
1991 [The effects of altered hepatic energy metabolism as reflected by the blood ketone body ratio on plasma aminogram after the abdominal surgery].
55  multiresistant
(22 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
PFGE (3 times)
CF (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1982 The occurrence of Staphylococcus epidermidis in a department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. A clinical and epidemiological investigation.
56  minor remission
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CR (8 times)
PR (7 times)
SR (5 times)
1980 Therapy for metastatic colorectal carcinoma with a combination of methyl-CCNU, 5-fluorouracil vincristine and streptozotocin (MOF-Strep).
57  mucosal recession
(20 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
BOP (11 times)
PD (8 times)
KM (5 times)
2008 The dimensions of keratinized mucosa around implants affect clinical and immunological parameters.
58  myogenic response
(19 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
TGF (9 times)
RBF (6 times)
NO (3 times)
1975 Induction of a myogenic response in tonic airway smooth muscle by tetraethylammonium.
59  medium risk
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HR (13 times)
ALL (10 times)
LR (8 times)
1987 [Corticosteroid-dependent reduction of leukocyte count in blood as a prognostic factor in acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood (therapy study ALL-BFM 83)].
60  mitral
(18 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AR (14 times)
TR (10 times)
CI (3 times)
1982 Echocardiographic observations of hemodynamic differences between mitral and aortic regurgitation. Quantitative interpretation of functional state by multivariate statistical analysis.
61  medullary raphe
(17 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
RTN (4 times)
InCO2 (2 times)
rMR (2 times)
1989 The rabbit retina: a suitable mammalian tissue for obtaining astroglia-free Muller cell cultures.
62  muscle relaxants
(17 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
ACh (2 times)
NM (2 times)
SP (2 times)
1988 Potentiation of neuromuscular blocking agents by calcium channel blockers in rats.
63  measles and rubella
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
AEFIs (1 time)
AR (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
2002 A randomized trial demonstrating successful boosting responses following simultaneous aerosols of measles and rubella (MR) vaccines in school age children.
64  macrolide-resistant
(15 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MS (2 times)
VNTR (2 times)
ARG (1 time)
2012 Clinical efficacy of macrolide antibiotics against genetically determined macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in paediatric patients.
65  Metropolitan Region
(15 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ARs (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 [Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Sao Paulo (Brazil)].
66  mixing ratio
(15 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
LCI (4 times)
BI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1985 Informative value of simple multibreath nitrogen washout measurements for clinical and research purposes.
67  masking release
(14 times)
Audiology
(12 times)
HI (5 times)
NH (5 times)
TFS (2 times)
2006 Speech perception in gated noise: the effects of temporal resolution.
68  maternally reared
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
AR (11 times)
ARA (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2000 Thymic stress in artificially reared and maternally reared rat pups.
69  medication review
(14 times)
Pharmacy
(4 times)
DRPs (4 times)
GPs (3 times)
ADE (2 times)
2008 Using the costs of drug therapy to screen patients for a community pharmacy-based medication review program.
70  metabolite-parent AUC ratio
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
P-gp (9 times)
AB (7 times)
RB (7 times)
2005 Effects of morin pretreatment on the pharmacokinetics of diltiazem and its major metabolite, desacetyldiltiazem in rats.
71  microvascular resistance
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
PCI (5 times)
FFR (3 times)
NBF (3 times)
1990 Adrenergic control of nerve blood flow.
72  8-membered ring
(13 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
DBF (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
SDAs (2 times)
2005 Ammonia IRMS-TPD study on the distribution of acid sites in mordenite.
73  membrane raft
(13 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASM (4 times)
CAECs (4 times)
ROS (2 times)
2007 Atorvastatin inhibits T cell activation through 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase without decreasing cholesterol synthesis.
74  middle region
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
DBD (8 times)
IAD (4 times)
IRF5 (4 times)
2003 The roles of auxin response factor domains in auxin-responsive transcription.
75  multiradius
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
SR (11 times)
TKA (10 times)
KSS (3 times)
2006 Biomechanical differences exhibited during sit-to-stand between total knee arthroplasty designs of varying radii.
76  magnetic resonance tomography
(12 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
ACVB (1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
1986 [Brain involvement in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance tomography (MR)].
77  mesenteric
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HQR (12 times)
MAP (9 times)
NO (4 times)
1983 Neural contribution to renal hypertension following acute renal artery stenosis in conscious rats.
78  mid-regional
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
proADM (4 times)
ADM (2 times)
ANP (2 times)
2008 Plasma pro-adrenomedullin but not plasma pro-endothelin predicts survival in exacerbations of COPD.
79  morphinone reductase
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
OYE (2 times)
PETN (2 times)
PETNR (2 times)
1998 Reductive and oxidative half-reactions of morphinone reductase from Pseudomonas putida M10: a kinetic and thermodynamic analysis.
80  morning report
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LOS (2 times)
ACGME (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
1997 Determinants of case selection at morning report.
81  mothers
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AR (9 times)
PND (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1986 A phenomenon: left-biassed asymmetrical eye-opening in artificially reared rat pups.
82  measured resection
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
GB (9 times)
TKA (7 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Clinical alignment variations in total knee arthroplasty with different navigation methods.
83  mechanoreceptors
(10 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
ARNA (8 times)
CR (7 times)
SP (3 times)
1985 Electrophysiology of afferent renal nerves.
84  metronidazole resistance
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
MS (4 times)
C-R (3 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
1997 Highly effective twice-daily triple therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulcer disease: does in vitro metronidazole resistance have any clinical relevance?
85  minor
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PR (8 times)
SD (3 times)
BM LPC (2 times)
1987 Intra-arterial cisplatin and FUDR in advanced malignancies confined to the head and neck.
86  mitotic recombination
(10 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
LOH (6 times)
ROS (2 times)
CGH (1 time)
1999 Interindividual variation in mitotic recombination.
87  moderate-release
(10 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
SR (7 times)
IVUS (4 times)
BMS (3 times)
2003 Randomized study to assess the effectiveness of slow- and moderate-release polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting stents for coronary artery lesions.
88  morbid risk
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ADHD (2 times)
BP-I (2 times)
AO (1 time)
1989 Family history study of major psychiatric disorders and syndromes.
89  mortality rate ratio
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
DTP (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MV (2 times)
1995 Lower mortality for female-female twins than male-male and male-female twins in rural Senegal.
90  mortality risk
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
TC (2 times)
2005 Undercoding of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias in hospitalized elderly patients in Italy.
91  multiple valve replacements
(10 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
AVR (8 times)
MVR (8 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Cardiac valve replacement in the elderly: a review of 320 consecutive cases.
92  microradiography
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CLSM (2 times)
LM (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1989 Scanning electron microscopic characterization of sensitive vs. insensitive human radicular dentin.
93  moderate
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HR (3 times)
ANOVAs (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
1994 Alterations in fibrinolytic and protein C pathways in gynaecological surgery: low molecular weight heparin prophylaxis.
94  male recombination
(8 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
car (1 time)
le (1 time)
ras (1 time)
1977 Genetic instability in Drosophila melanogaster: De novo induction of putative insertion mutations.
95  metabolic response
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
OS (3 times)
mCRC (2 times)
PET (2 times)
2006 Early response evaluation in malignant pleural mesothelioma by positron emission tomography with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose.
96  metastatic relapse
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
AE (3 times)
bc-GenExMiner 4.0 (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2014 Novel proteomic biomarker panel for prediction of aggressive metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma relapse in surgically resectable patients.
97  minimum requirements
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
SQ (3 times)
TRP (2 times)
Ala (1 time)
2012 A tri-reference point theory of decision making under risk.
98  mouth rinse
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
MER (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2007 Influence of moderate dehydration on soccer performance: physiological responses to 45 min of outdoor match-play and the immediate subsequent performance of sport-specific and mental concentration tests.
99  multiple resonance
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
OLEDs (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
1979 Nosocomial multiply resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: epidemiology of an outbreak of apparent index case origin.
100  multireceptive
(8 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
LT (3 times)
CeA (2 times)
DLF (2 times)
1988 Temporally dependent changes in response properties of dorsal horn neurons after dorsolateral funiculus lesions.