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Abbreviation: MRF
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Long forms: 111

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Markov random field
(281 times)
Medical Informatics
(145 times)
MAP (32 times)
EM (16 times)
MR (16 times)
1984 Stochastic relaxation, gibbs distributions, and the bayesian restoration of images.
mesencephalic reticular formation
(125 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
MUA (10 times)
PAG (9 times)
SC (9 times)
1975 Regulation of unit activity in nucleus reticularis thalami by the mesencephalic reticular formation and the frontal granular cortex.
medullary reticular formation
(108 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
PAG (12 times)
DNP (6 times)
Gi (4 times)
1976 Inhibition and facilitation of feedback influences of dexamethasone on adrenocortical responses to ether stress in rats with hypothalamic deafferentations and brain lesions.
myogenic regulatory factor
(69 times)
Cell Biology
(16 times)
EDL (5 times)
MHC (5 times)
MyHC (4 times)
1995 The MyoD family of transcription factors and skeletal myogenesis.
magnetic resonance fingerprinting
(47 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(32 times)
RF (4 times)
bSSFP (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
2015 MR fingerprinting using fast imaging with steady state precession (FISP) with spiral readout.
magnetorheological finishing
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
MR (10 times)
CI (4 times)
CVD (3 times)
2000 Nanoindentation hardness of particles used in magnetorheological finishing (MRF).
MR fingerprinting
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(23 times)
RF (2 times)
SW (2 times)
APT (1 time)
2015 Fast group matching for MR fingerprinting reconstruction.
mesorectal fascia
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
MRI (6 times)
CRT (4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
2008 The accuracy of Multi-detector row CT for the assessment of tumor invasion of the mesorectal fascia in primary rectal cancer.
muscle regulatory factor
(20 times)
Embryology
(5 times)
5-Aza (1 time)
ASMs (1 time)
bfMSC (1 time)
1993 A unique pattern of expression of the four muscle regulatory factor proteins distinguishes somitic from embryonic, fetal and newborn mouse myogenic cells.
10  material recovery facility
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
GHG (9 times)
MSW (4 times)
GWFs (2 times)
2006 Life cycle assessment of municipal solid waste management methods: Ankara case study.
11  multiple risk factors
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CVD (4 times)
AOD (3 times)
CAD (3 times)
2000 Elevated serum leptin concentrations in women with components of multiple risk factor clustering syndrome.
12  metabolic risk factors
(9 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
TC (4 times)
WC (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2011 Metabolic risk factors, physical activity and physical fitness in Azorean adolescents: a cross-sectional study.
13  magnetorheological fluid
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
IT (2 times)
MF (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2007 Use of Magnetorheological fluid in a force feedback glove.
14  myelin gene regulatory factor
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Akt (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2009 Myelin gene regulatory factor is a critical transcriptional regulator required for CNS myelination.
15  m. rectus femoris
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MS (3 times)
MTB (3 times)
MLT (2 times)
1980 Connective tissue of "fast" and "slow" skeletal muscle in rats--effects of endurance training.
16  monopolar radiofrequency
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AVN (1 time)
IFUS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Current concepts in nonablative radiofrequency rejuvenation of the lower face and neck.
17  mannan-rich fraction
(4 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
ANOSIM (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
2012 Effects of mannan oligosaccharide on cytokine secretions by porcine alveolar macrophages and serum cytokine concentrations in nursery pigs.
18  medication review with follow-up
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CG (3 times)
IG (3 times)
ICER (1 time)
2015 Cost-utility analysis of a medication review with follow-up service for older adults with polypharmacy in community pharmacies in Spain: the conSIGUE program.
19  Melbourne Rapid Fields
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
MD (3 times)
HFA (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
2016 A Comparison of Perimetric Results from a Tablet Perimeter and Humphrey Field Analyzer in Glaucoma Patients.
20  midline-and-right-frontal
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
MDD (3 times)
qEEG (3 times)
EEG (1 time)
2008 Changes in brain function during administration of venlafaxine or placebo to normal subjects.
21  mitral regurgitant fraction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LV (3 times)
CMRI (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1997 Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on mitral regurgitant fraction and atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure.
22  modified receptive field
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
Thai (1 time)
2014 Testing the flexibility of the modified receptive field (MRF) theory: evidence from an unspaced orthography (Thai).
23  Markov random field model
(3 times)
Technology, Radiologic
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
DR (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
2010 Development and validation of segmentation and interpolation techniques in sinograms for metal artifact suppression in CT.
24  microglial response factor
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
oATP (1 time)
2000 Microglial Response Factor (MRF)-1: Constitutive Expression in Ramified Microglia and Upregulation upon Neuronal Death Induced by Ischemia or Glutamate Exposure.
25  multiple reference frame
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CFD (2 times)
PBM (1 time)
PBT (1 time)
2012 Hydrodynamic and kinetic study of cellulase production by Trichoderma reesei with pellet morphology.
26  Marine recreational fishing
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 The impact of marine recreational fishing on key fish stocks in European waters.
27  mini-ridge filter
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
RGPT (1 time)
SR (1 time)
SSPT (1 time)
2014 Optimizing mini-ridge filter thickness to reduce proton treatment times in a spot-scanning synchrotron system.
28  mitral regurgitant flow
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EDV (1 time)
LV (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1976 Probe for production and measurement of acute mitral regurgitant flow in dog.
29  modifiable cardiovascular risk factors
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2013 The economic burden of atherothrombosis in Greece: results from the THESIS study.
30  modifiable risk factors
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2008 Control of modifiable risk factors in ischemic stroke outpatients by pharmacist intervention: an equal allocation stratified randomized study.
31  monopolar capacitive-coupled radiofrequency
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FLR (1 time)
MFU-V (1 time)
2011 Radiofrequency: Thermage.
32  monopolar RF
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
RF (2 times)
PERF (1 time)
2013 Clinical efficacy and safety evaluation of a monopolar radiofrequency device with a new vibration handpiece for the treatment of facial skin laxity: a 10-month experience with 64 patients.
33  MSAF risk factor
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
pPBC (2 times)
AMAs (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
2005 High concentration of antimitochondrial antibodies predicts progressive primary biliary cirrhosis.
34  multiple restriction fragment
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCR (2 times)
SSCP (2 times)
ACRS (1 time)
1992 Mutational analysis by a combined application of the multiple restriction fragment-single strand conformation polymorphism and the direct linear amplification DNA sequencing protocols.
35  myogenic regulatory transcription factor
(2 times)
Gene Expression
(1 time)
bHLH (1 time)
2002 Potential role for Id myogenic repressors in apoptosis and attenuation of hypertrophy in muscles of aged rats.
36  Bayesian-Markov Random Field
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
FLAIR (1 time)
2014 Lesion segmentation from multimodal MRI using random forest following ischemic stroke.
37  BM-derived regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
1985 Experimental manipulations and marrow-derived factors which affect the outcome of bone marrow transplantation across the H-2 barrier in lethally irradiated mice.
38  bone-marrow-derived regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Enduring allogeneic marrow engraftment via nonspecific bone-marrow-derived regulating factors (MRF).
39  Gauss-Markov random field
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
EM (1 time)
GMM (1 time)
2010 A Bayesian framework for image segmentation with spatially varying mixtures.
40  M. rubra flavonoids
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
Akt (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2019 Protective effects of Myricarubra flavonoids against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury via the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3beta pathway.
41  macrophage-replacing factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1987 Characterization of a 30,000-35,000 m.w. monokine involved in the specific immune response: intracellular production, secretion and partial purification.
42  Macrophage-rich fractions
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CY (1 time)
PEC (1 time)
1994 Acceleration of diabetes in young NOD mice with peritoneal macrophages.
43  main resonant frequency
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
SRF (1 time)
1999 Experimental study on the characteristic of the NS-GT cut quartz crystal resonator oscillating in the sub-resonant frequency.
44  male recombination factors
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1981 Comparative studies of two male recombination factors (MRF) isolated from a Southern Greek Drosophila melanogaster population.
45  malignancy risk features
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FLUS (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
SFN (1 time)
2013 Low malignancy risk of thyroid follicular lesion of undetermined significance in patients from post-endemic areas.
46  mandibular reduction forceps
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 Reduction and temporary stabilization of acetabular fractures using ASIF mandibular reduction forceps: technique and results using plate fixation in 25 dogs.
47  Mapped Read Format
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2011 RSEQtools: a modular framework to analyze RNA-Seq data using compact, anonymized data summaries.
48  Markov Random Field energy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PSL (1 time)
2012 Uncertainty-based feature learning for skin lesion matching using a high order MRF optimization framework.
49  Markov Random Fields solvers
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CFN (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
GMEC (1 time)
2017 Deterministic Search Methods for Computational Protein Design.
50  marrow-regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Allogeneic H-2d leads to H-2b irradiation bone marrow chimeras: a) failure to transfer chimerism adoptively and b) immune reactivity of immunocompetent lymphocytes adoptively transferred to chimeras.
51  material reclamation facility
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Isolation and identification of Legionella pneumophila from material reclamation facilities.
52  materials research facility
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
H3AT (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
UKAEA (1 time)
2019 UKAEA capabilities to address the challenges on the path to delivering fusion power.
53  Maternal Reflective Functioning
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IPV-PTSD (1 time)
ITSEA (1 time)
PRF (1 time)
2018 Maternal reflective functioning, interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder, and risk for psychopathology in early childhood.
54  maternal resistance factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
E-MuLV (1 time)
1983 Suppression of endogenous murine leukemia virus by maternal resistance factor.
55  matrix representation with flipping
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
MRP (1 time)
2007 Improved heuristics for minimum-flip supertree construction.
56  Maugeri Respiratory Failure
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HADS (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
mMRC (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Different Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life Measurements in Patients with Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation.
57  Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire
(1 time)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
CRQ (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
2018 Health-related quality of life measurement in patients with chronic respiratory failure.
58  maximal recruitment fraction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2008 Voluntary activation during knee extensions in severely deconditioned patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: benefit of endurance training.
59  maximum regurgitant flow
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
ERO (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2006 [Evaluation of mitral regurgitation severity using a simplified method based on proximal flow convergence].
60  maximum resistance factor
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
2008 Assessing the risk of resistance in Pseudoperonospora cubensis to the fungicide flumorph in vitro.
61  mean reaction force
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 How does Pin1 catalyze the cis-trans prolyl peptide bond isomerization? A QM/MM and mean reaction force study.
62  mean renal function
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
UJO (1 time)
2018 Is there a difference in the postoperative follow up of ureteropelvic junction obstruction according to age?
63  mean response-function
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
RF (1 time)
TW (1 time)
2003 Investigation and Treatment of Missing Item Scores in Test and Questionnaire Data.
64  mean rhythm fluctuation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
FRF (1 time)
ICR (1 time)
1982 [New parameters of electrocardiotachographic (EKT) evaluation of the organovegetative reactivity].
65  measurement spatial response function
(1 time)
DIB (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2016 Optimum Image Formation for Spaceborne Microwave Radiometer Products.
66  mechanical reduction of the foreskin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BXO (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2012 Skin phototype and local trauma in the onset of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) in circumcised patients.
67  mechanism facilitating the selective formation of the MyoD
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HLH (1 time)
1995 The E12 inhibitory domain prevents homodimer formation and facilitates selective heterodimerization with the MyoD family of gene regulatory factors.
68  medial pontomedullary reticular formation
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
VN (1 time)
2010 Mapping of neural pathways that influence diaphragm activity and project to the lumbar spinal cord in cats.
69  medial reticular formation of the medulla oblongata
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PPN (1 time)
SNr (1 time)
1989 Monosynaptic nigral inputs to the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus neurons which send their axons to the medial reticular formation in the medulla oblongata. An electron microscopic study in the cat.
70  medical risk factors
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LTBI (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Outlook for tuberculosis elimination in California: An individual-based stochastic model.
71  medication reconciliation form
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Pilot study on the participation of parents in the medication reconciliation process].
72  melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde
(1 time)
--- 2016 Synthesis of Porous and Mechanically Compliant Carbon Aerogels Using Conductive and Structural Additives.
73  Melanoma Research Foundation
(1 time)
Pigmentation
(1 time)
--- 2016 The state of melanoma: challenges and opportunities.
74  membrane-ribosomal fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [The nonspecific changes in the immune system to the administration of the membrane-ribosomal fraction of the causative agent of pseudotuberculosis].
75  mercerization treatment of ramie fiber
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EGTAD (2 times)
2014 Fast adsorption of Cd⁺ and Pb⁺ by EGTA dianhydride (EGTAD) modified ramie fiber.
76  mesial-root-forming
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
2014 Contribution of mesenchymal proliferation in tooth root morphogenesis.
77  metal removal fluid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2003 Evaluation of hypersensitivity pneumonitis among workers exposed to metal removal fluids.
78  microbial reduction of Fe(III) minerals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NOM (1 time)
2019 Soil solid-phase organic matter-mediated microbial reduction of iron minerals increases with land use change sequence from fallow to paddy fields.
79  microneedle radiofrequency
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
2012 A split-face comparison of a fractional microneedle radiofrequency device and fractional carbon dioxide laser therapy in acne patients.
80  midline ridge formation
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1984 Circumventricular mesencephalic trigeminal midline ridge formation in cartilaginous fishes: species variations.
81  minimal renal function
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NRF (1 time)
1979 Biotransformation and elimination of digoxin with normal and minimal renal function.
82  minimal rotation frame
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
PLK (1 time)
2011 Potential distribution and transmission characteristics in a curved quadrupole ion guide.
83  mining risk footprint
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
2015 Global mining risk footprint of critical metals necessary for low-carbon technologies: the case of neodymium, cobalt, and platinum in Japan.
84  mitochondrial respiratory function
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Evaluation of mitochondrial respiratory function in rat cardiomyocytes under different glucose conditions, using an extracellular flux analysis method.
85  mixed ruminant farmers
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
SRF (1 time)
2018 Knowledge, attitude and perception regarding antimicrobial resistance and usage among ruminant farmers in Selangor, Malaysia.
86  mock restricted flexion
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
MRE (1 time)
RFE (1 time)
RFF (1 time)
2013 The effect of finger joint hypomobility on precision grip force.
87  model repository framework
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BPMN (1 time)
CDSU (1 time)
CFE (1 time)
2018 iManageMyHealth and iSupportMyPatients: mobile decision support and health management apps for cancer patients and their doctors.
88  moderate renal failure
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
1981 The duodenal mucosa in patients with renal failure: response to 1,25(OH)2D3.
89  modified release form
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
2016 Do We Bury Antibacterials When Launching? Cefaclor Example.
90  more-reactive form
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH2 (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
2013 Kinetics and thermodynamics of small molecule binding to pincer-PCP rhodium(I) complexes.
91  Motagua River Fault
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
PIXE (1 time)
2016 Non-Destructive Micro-Chemical and Micro-Luminescence Characterization of Jadeite.
92  motor-related field
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
ROM-ex (1 time)
2004 Examining the influence of the cerebral cortex in range of motion exercise using MEG.
93  mouse rosette formation
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Mouse erythrocyte rosette formation with malignant human B-lymphocytes re-evaluated: still a useful marker for differentiating mature B-cell malignancies.
94  moving reference frame
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2019 Hydrodynamic Analysis-Based Modeling and Experimental Verification of a New Water-Jet Thruster for an Amphibious Spherical Robot.
95  moving response functions
(1 time)
--- 2008 Long-term changes in tree-ring - climate relationships at Mt. Patscherkofel (Tyrol, Austria) since the mid 1980s.
96  MPY recruitment factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MPY (1 time)
2018 Zinc depletion induces ribosome hibernation in mycobacteria.
97  MR fraction
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
MR (1 time)
RJA (1 time)
1991 Echo-Doppler quantitative assessment of non-ischaemic mitral regurgitation.
98  multi-functional resuscitation fluid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DDFPe (1 time)
FWB (1 time)
HBOCs (1 time)
2018 Efficacy of the perfluorocarbon dodecafluoropentane as an adjunct to pre-hospital resuscitation.
99  Multi-purpose Rehabilitation Frame
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DOF (1 time)
2000 A multi-purpose rehabilitation frame: a novel apparatus for balance training during standing of neurologically impaired individuals.
100  Multi-Reference Frame
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AIOFBL (1 time)
BLDCs (1 time)
P-VC (1 time)
2017 Torque ripple reduction of brushless DC motor based on adaptive input-output feedback linearization.