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Abbreviation: MRF
Appearance Frequency: 1038 time(s)
Long forms: 117

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Markov random field
(303 times)
Medical Informatics
(149 times)
MAP (34 times)
EM (17 times)
MR (17 times)
1984 Stochastic relaxation, gibbs distributions, and the bayesian restoration of images.
mesencephalic reticular formation
(125 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
MUA (10 times)
PAG (9 times)
SC (9 times)
1975 Regulation of unit activity in nucleus reticularis thalami by the mesencephalic reticular formation and the frontal granular cortex.
medullary reticular formation
(107 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
PAG (12 times)
DNP (6 times)
Gi (4 times)
1976 Inhibition and facilitation of feedback influences of dexamethasone on adrenocortical responses to ether stress in rats with hypothalamic deafferentations and brain lesions.
magnetic resonance fingerprinting
(85 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(56 times)
FISP (4 times)
MRI (4 times)
RF (4 times)
2015 MR fingerprinting using fast imaging with steady state precession (FISP) with spiral readout.
myogenic regulatory factor
(75 times)
Cell Biology
(19 times)
EDL (5 times)
MHC (5 times)
MyHC (4 times)
1995 The MyoD family of transcription factors and skeletal myogenesis.
MR fingerprinting
(37 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(33 times)
ASL (2 times)
BAT (2 times)
CBF (2 times)
2015 Fast group matching for MR fingerprinting reconstruction.
mesorectal fascia
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
CRT (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
pCR (4 times)
2008 The accuracy of Multi-detector row CT for the assessment of tumor invasion of the mesorectal fascia in primary rectal cancer.
magnetorheological finishing
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
MR (10 times)
CI (4 times)
CVD (3 times)
2000 Nanoindentation hardness of particles used in magnetorheological finishing (MRF).
material recovery facility
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
GHG (11 times)
MSW (5 times)
LCA (3 times)
2006 Life cycle assessment of municipal solid waste management methods: Ankara case study.
10  muscle regulatory factor
(20 times)
Embryology
(5 times)
5-Aza (1 time)
ASMs (1 time)
bfMSC (1 time)
1993 A unique pattern of expression of the four muscle regulatory factor proteins distinguishes somitic from embryonic, fetal and newborn mouse myogenic cells.
11  magnetorheological fluid
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
IT (2 times)
MRE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2007 Use of Magnetorheological fluid in a force feedback glove.
12  multiple risk factors
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CVD (4 times)
AOD (3 times)
CAD (3 times)
2000 Elevated serum leptin concentrations in women with components of multiple risk factor clustering syndrome.
13  metabolic risk factors
(10 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
TC (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
WC (3 times)
2011 Metabolic risk factors, physical activity and physical fitness in Azorean adolescents: a cross-sectional study.
14  myelin gene regulatory factor
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Akt (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2009 Myelin gene regulatory factor is a critical transcriptional regulator required for CNS myelination.
15  m. rectus femoris
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MS (3 times)
MTB (3 times)
MLT (2 times)
1980 Connective tissue of "fast" and "slow" skeletal muscle in rats--effects of endurance training.
16  medication review with follow-up
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CG (3 times)
IG (3 times)
cRCT (1 time)
2015 Cost-utility analysis of a medication review with follow-up service for older adults with polypharmacy in community pharmacies in Spain: the conSIGUE program.
17  Melbourne Rapid Fields
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
MD (4 times)
HFA (3 times)
ICC (2 times)
2016 A Comparison of Perimetric Results from a Tablet Perimeter and Humphrey Field Analyzer in Glaucoma Patients.
18  mitral regurgitant fraction
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
MR (3 times)
CMRI (2 times)
1997 Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on mitral regurgitant fraction and atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure.
19  monopolar radiofrequency
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AVN (1 time)
IFUS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Current concepts in nonablative radiofrequency rejuvenation of the lower face and neck.
20  multiple rib fractures
(5 times)
Pain
(1 time)
IS (2 times)
CINB (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Stabilization of multiple rib fractures in a canine model.
21  mannan-rich fraction
(4 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
ANOSIM (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
2012 Effects of mannan oligosaccharide on cytokine secretions by porcine alveolar macrophages and serum cytokine concentrations in nursery pigs.
22  midline-and-right-frontal
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
MDD (3 times)
qEEG (3 times)
EEG (1 time)
2008 Changes in brain function during administration of venlafaxine or placebo to normal subjects.
23  modified receptive field
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
Thai (1 time)
2014 Testing the flexibility of the modified receptive field (MRF) theory: evidence from an unspaced orthography (Thai).
24  Marine recreational fishing
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2018 The impact of marine recreational fishing on key fish stocks in European waters.
25  Markov random field model
(3 times)
Technology, Radiologic
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
DR (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
2010 Development and validation of segmentation and interpolation techniques in sinograms for metal artifact suppression in CT.
26  Mayo risk factor
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
pPBC (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
AMAs (1 time)
2005 High concentration of antimitochondrial antibodies predicts progressive primary biliary cirrhosis.
27  microglial response factor
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
oATP (1 time)
2000 Microglial Response Factor (MRF)-1: Constitutive Expression in Ramified Microglia and Upregulation upon Neuronal Death Induced by Ischemia or Glutamate Exposure.
28  mini-ridge filter
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
PBCs (1 time)
RGPT (1 time)
SOBP (1 time)
2014 Optimizing mini-ridge filter thickness to reduce proton treatment times in a spot-scanning synchrotron system.
29  modifiable risk factors
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
LIBRA (1 time)
2008 Control of modifiable risk factors in ischemic stroke outpatients by pharmacist intervention: an equal allocation stratified randomized study.
30  multiple reference frame
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CFD (2 times)
PBM (1 time)
PBT (1 time)
2012 Hydrodynamic and kinetic study of cellulase production by Trichoderma reesei with pellet morphology.
31  Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire
(2 times)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
CRF (2 times)
HRQL (2 times)
SGRQ (2 times)
2018 Health-related quality of life measurement in patients with chronic respiratory failure.
32  Melanoma Research Foundation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CURE OM (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
UM (1 time)
2016 The state of melanoma: challenges and opportunities.
33  mitral regurgitant flow
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EDV (1 time)
LV (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1976 Probe for production and measurement of acute mitral regurgitant flow in dog.
34  modifiable cardiovascular risk factors
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2013 The economic burden of atherothrombosis in Greece: results from the THESIS study.
35  monopolar capacitively coupled radiofrequency
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FLR (1 time)
MFU-V (1 time)
2011 Radiofrequency: Thermage.
36  multiple radii functional
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2019 Density Functionals from the Multiple-Radii Approach: Analysis and Recovery of the Kinetic Correlation Energy.
37  multiple restriction fragment
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCR (2 times)
SSCP (2 times)
ACRS (1 time)
1992 Mutational analysis by a combined application of the multiple restriction fragment-single strand conformation polymorphism and the direct linear amplification DNA sequencing protocols.
38  myogenic regulatory transcription factor
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
bHLH (1 time)
2002 Potential role for Id myogenic repressors in apoptosis and attenuation of hypertrophy in muscles of aged rats.
39  Bayesian-Markov Random Field
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
FLAIR (1 time)
2014 Lesion segmentation from multimodal MRI using random forest following ischemic stroke.
40  BM-derived regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
1985 Experimental manipulations and marrow-derived factors which affect the outcome of bone marrow transplantation across the H-2 barrier in lethally irradiated mice.
41  bone-marrow-derived regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Enduring allogeneic marrow engraftment via nonspecific bone-marrow-derived regulating factors (MRF).
42  Gauss-Markov random field
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
EM (1 time)
GMM (1 time)
2010 A Bayesian framework for image segmentation with spatially varying mixtures.
43  M. rubra flavonoids
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
Akt (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2019 Protective effects of Myricarubra flavonoids against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury via the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3beta pathway.
44  macrophage-replacing factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1987 Characterization of a 30,000-35,000 m.w. monokine involved in the specific immune response: intracellular production, secretion and partial purification.
45  Macrophage-rich fractions
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CY (1 time)
PEC (1 time)
1994 Acceleration of diabetes in young NOD mice with peritoneal macrophages.
46  magnetic radical filter
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2020 A stand-alone magnetic guide for producing tuneable radical beams.
47  main resonant frequency
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
SRF (1 time)
1999 Experimental study on the characteristic of the NS-GT cut quartz crystal resonator oscillating in the sub-resonant frequency.
48  male recombination factors
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1981 Comparative studies of two male recombination factors (MRF) isolated from a Southern Greek Drosophila melanogaster population.
49  malignancy risk features
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FLUS (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
SFN (1 time)
2013 Low malignancy risk of thyroid follicular lesion of undetermined significance in patients from post-endemic areas.
50  mandibular reduction forceps
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 Reduction and temporary stabilization of acetabular fractures using ASIF mandibular reduction forceps: technique and results using plate fixation in 25 dogs.
51  Mapped Read Format
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2011 RSEQtools: a modular framework to analyze RNA-Seq data using compact, anonymized data summaries.
52  Markov Random Field energy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PSL (1 time)
2012 Uncertainty-based feature learning for skin lesion matching using a high order MRF optimization framework.
53  Markov Random Fields solvers
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CFN (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
GMEC (1 time)
2017 Deterministic Search Methods for Computational Protein Design.
54  marrow-regulating factors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Allogeneic H-2d leads to H-2b irradiation bone marrow chimeras: a) failure to transfer chimerism adoptively and b) immune reactivity of immunocompetent lymphocytes adoptively transferred to chimeras.
55  material reclamation facility
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Isolation and identification of Legionella pneumophila from material reclamation facilities.
56  Materials Recycling Facility
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2020 Assessment of airborne particles and bioaerosols concentrations in a waste recycling environment in Brazil.
57  materials research facility
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
H3AT (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
UKAEA (1 time)
2019 UKAEA capabilities to address the challenges on the path to delivering fusion power.
58  Maternal Reflective Functioning
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IPV-PTSD (1 time)
ITSEA (1 time)
PRF (1 time)
2020 Maternal reflective functioning, interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder, and risk for psychopathology in early childhood.
59  maternal resistance factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
E-MuLV (1 time)
1983 Suppression of endogenous murine leukemia virus by maternal resistance factor.
60  matrix representation with flipping
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
MRP (1 time)
2007 Improved heuristics for minimum-flip supertree construction.
61  Maugeri Respiratory Failure
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HADS (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
mMRC (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Different Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life Measurements in Patients with Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation.
62  Maximal Recombination Free
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
MLD (1 time)
2020 Testing for population decline using maximal linkage disequilibrium blocks.
63  maximal recruitment fraction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2008 Voluntary activation during knee extensions in severely deconditioned patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: benefit of endurance training.
64  maximum regurgitant flow
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
ERO (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2006 [Evaluation of mitral regurgitation severity using a simplified method based on proximal flow convergence].
65  maximum resistance factor
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
2008 Assessing the risk of resistance in Pseudoperonospora cubensis to the fungicide flumorph in vitro.
66  mean reaction force
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 How does Pin1 catalyze the cis-trans prolyl peptide bond isomerization? A QM/MM and mean reaction force study.
67  mean renal function
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
UJO (1 time)
2018 Is there a difference in the postoperative follow up of ureteropelvic junction obstruction according to age?
68  mean response-function
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
RF (1 time)
TW (1 time)
2003 Investigation and Treatment of Missing Item Scores in Test and Questionnaire Data.
69  mean rhythm fluctuation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
FRF (1 time)
ICR (1 time)
1982 [New parameters of electrocardiotachographic (EKT) evaluation of the organovegetative reactivity].
70  measurement spatial response function
(1 time)
DIB (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2016 Optimum Image Formation for Spaceborne Microwave Radiometer Products.
71  mechanical reduction of the foreskin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BXO (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2012 Skin phototype and local trauma in the onset of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) in circumcised patients.
72  mechanism facilitating the selective formation of the MyoD
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HLH (1 time)
1995 The E12 inhibitory domain prevents homodimer formation and facilitates selective heterodimerization with the MyoD family of gene regulatory factors.
73  medial pontomedullary reticular formation
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
VN (1 time)
2010 Mapping of neural pathways that influence diaphragm activity and project to the lumbar spinal cord in cats.
74  medial reticular formation of the medulla oblongata
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PPN (1 time)
SNr (1 time)
1989 Monosynaptic nigral inputs to the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus neurons which send their axons to the medial reticular formation in the medulla oblongata. An electron microscopic study in the cat.
75  medical risk factors
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LTBI (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Outlook for tuberculosis elimination in California: An individual-based stochastic model.
76  medication reconciliation form
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Pilot study on the participation of parents in the medication reconciliation process].
77  meiotic recombination frequency
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Genome Duplication Increases Meiotic Recombination Frequency: a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model.
78  melamine-resorcinol-formaldehyde
(1 time)
--- 2016 Synthesis of Porous and Mechanically Compliant Carbon Aerogels Using Conductive and Structural Additives.
79  membrane-ribosomal fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [The nonspecific changes in the immune system to the administration of the membrane-ribosomal fraction of the causative agent of pseudotuberculosis].
80  mercerization treatment of ramie fiber
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EGTAD (2 times)
2014 Fast adsorption of Cd⁺ and Pb⁺ by EGTA dianhydride (EGTAD) modified ramie fiber.
81  mesial-root-forming
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
2014 Contribution of mesenchymal proliferation in tooth root morphogenesis.
82  metal removal fluid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2003 Evaluation of hypersensitivity pneumonitis among workers exposed to metal removal fluids.
83  microbial reduction of Fe(III) minerals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NOM (1 time)
2019 Soil solid-phase organic matter-mediated microbial reduction of iron minerals increases with land use change sequence from fallow to paddy fields.
84  microneedle radiofrequency
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
2012 A split-face comparison of a fractional microneedle radiofrequency device and fractional carbon dioxide laser therapy in acne patients.
85  midline ridge formation
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1984 Circumventricular mesencephalic trigeminal midline ridge formation in cartilaginous fishes: species variations.
86  midline right frontal
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MADRS (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2020 Using prefrontal and midline right frontal EEG-derived theta cordance and depressive symptoms to predict the differential response or remission to antidepressant treatment in major depressive disorder.
87  minimal renal function
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NRF (1 time)
1979 Biotransformation and elimination of digoxin with normal and minimal renal function.
88  minimal rotation frame
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
PLK (1 time)
2011 Potential distribution and transmission characteristics in a curved quadrupole ion guide.
89  mining risk footprint
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
2015 Global mining risk footprint of critical metals necessary for low-carbon technologies: the case of neodymium, cobalt, and platinum in Japan.
90  mitochondrial respiratory function
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Evaluation of mitochondrial respiratory function in rat cardiomyocytes under different glucose conditions, using an extracellular flux analysis method.
91  mixed ruminant farmers
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
SRF (1 time)
2018 Knowledge, attitude and perception regarding antimicrobial resistance and usage among ruminant farmers in Selangor, Malaysia.
92  mock restricted flexion
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
MRE (1 time)
RFE (1 time)
RFF (1 time)
2013 The effect of finger joint hypomobility on precision grip force.
93  model repository framework
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BPMN (1 time)
CDSU (1 time)
CFE (1 time)
2018 iManageMyHealth and iSupportMyPatients: mobile decision support and health management apps for cancer patients and their doctors.
94  moderate renal failure
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
1981 The duodenal mucosa in patients with renal failure: response to 1,25(OH)2D3.
95  modified release form
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
2016 Do We Bury Antibacterials When Launching? Cefaclor Example.
96  modified rhomboid flap
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
2020 A tailored rhomboid mucocutaneous advancement flap to treat anal stenosis.
97  more-reactive form
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH2 (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
2013 Kinetics and thermodynamics of small molecule binding to pincer-PCP rhodium(I) complexes.
98  Motagua River Fault
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
PIXE (1 time)
2016 Non-Destructive Micro-Chemical and Micro-Luminescence Characterization of Jadeite.
99  motor-related field
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
ROM-ex (1 time)
2004 Examining the influence of the cerebral cortex in range of motion exercise using MEG.
100  mouse rosette formation
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Mouse erythrocyte rosette formation with malignant human B-lymphocytes re-evaluated: still a useful marker for differentiating mature B-cell malignancies.