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Abbreviation: MRS
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Long forms: 240

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
magnetic resonance spectroscopy
(3453 times)
Neurology
(723 times)
MRI (553 times)
NAA (501 times)
Cho (276 times)
1985 [Checklist for understanding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)].
MR spectroscopy
(595 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(173 times)
MRI (131 times)
MR (74 times)
NAA (70 times)
1989 [In vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy and MRI in patients with superficial tumors].
Modified Rankin Scale
(208 times)
Neurology
(64 times)
NIHSS (55 times)
BI (26 times)
GOS (17 times)
1992 Outcome in ischaemic stroke: carotid versus vertebro-basilar territory.
Menopause Rating Scale
(195 times)
Gynecology
(73 times)
HT (11 times)
FSFI (10 times)
HRT (8 times)
1994 [Evaluation of climacteric symptoms (Menopause Rating Scale)].
methicillin-resistant staphylococci
(105 times)
Microbiology
(30 times)
MRSA (25 times)
CNS (7 times)
MSS (7 times)
1982 Control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a burn unit: role of nurse staffing.
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome
(101 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
CG (8 times)
OFG (8 times)
GC (3 times)
1967 Melkerson-Rosenthal syndrome (M.R.S.). (Report of a case in Africa).
Man Rogosa Sharpe
(87 times)
Microbiology
(39 times)
LAB (17 times)
5-FU (3 times)
EPS (3 times)
1990 Factors controlling histamine production in Swiss cheese inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri.
Man, Rogosa and Sharpe
(64 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
LAB (13 times)
ATCC (3 times)
EPS (3 times)
1992 Culture media for non-sporulating gram-positive food spoilage bacteria.
Mania Rating Scale
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(24 times)
MADRS (4 times)
CARS-M (3 times)
BD (2 times)
1978 A rating scale for mania: reliability, validity and sensitivity.
10  multiple rapid swallows
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(22 times)
HRM (15 times)
DCI (7 times)
EGJ (5 times)
2007 Multiple rapid swallowing in idiopathic achalasia: evidence for patients' heterogeneity.
11  maximum reading speed
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
CPS (10 times)
RA (9 times)
MNREAD (2 times)
2004 Locomotor mode, maximum running speed, and basal metabolic rate in placental mammals.
12  micro-Raman spectroscopy
(17 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
XPS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2003 Characterization of chemical inhomogeneity in plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings.
13  metabolic risk score
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CRF (8 times)
BMI (6 times)
WC (4 times)
2007 Relationship of physical activity, fitness, and fatness with clustered metabolic risk in children and adolescents: the European youth heart study.
14  methionyl-tRNA synthetase
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Met (5 times)
ARSs (3 times)
MSC (3 times)
2000 Nucleolar localization of human methionyl-tRNA synthetase and its role in ribosomal RNA synthesis.
15  major repeat sequence
(12 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
Chr7 (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
DSB (1 time)
2000 Fine-resolution physical mapping of genomic diversity in Candida albicans.
16  myocardial revascularization surgery
(12 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ECC (2 times)
AIH (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1984 Work capacity and left ventricular function during rehabilitation after myocardial revascularization surgery.
17  magnetic relaxation switch
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
LOD (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
RSD (2 times)
2002 Magnetic relaxation switches capable of sensing molecular interactions.
18  Mayo Risk Score
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PBC (4 times)
PSC (4 times)
OLT (2 times)
2008 Mayo risk score for primary biliary cirrhosis: a useful tool for the prediction of course after liver transplantation?
19  medical radiation science
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
CSU (1 time)
DR (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2005 Assessment of personal qualities in selection of medical radiation science students.
20  Mehran risk score
(10 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CI (5 times)
CIN (5 times)
PCI (5 times)
2010 Mehran contrast-induced nephropathy risk score predicts short- and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction.
21  meningitis-retention syndrome
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CSF (3 times)
ADEM (2 times)
AM (1 time)
2005 Meningitis-retention syndrome. An unrecognized clinical condition.
22  methane-rich saline
(10 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
CLP (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
MRM (2 times)
2015 Methane-rich saline attenuates ischemia/reperfusion injury of abdominal skin flaps in rats via regulating apoptosis level.
23  mismatch repair system
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CF (6 times)
OGAT (2 times)
Bcc (1 time)
1998 Mutation of the mismatch repair gene hMSH2 and hMSH6 in a human T-cell leukemia line tolerant to methylating agents.
24  macular retinoschisis
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
BCVA (3 times)
OCT (2 times)
RD (2 times)
2008 Progression from macular retinoschisis to retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes is associated with outer lamellar hole formation.
25  MAR recognition signature
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
MAR (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CDS (1 time)
1999 A bipartite sequence element associated with matrix/scaffold attachment regions.
26  marginal rate of substitution
(6 times)
Technology
(2 times)
WTP (2 times)
CrI (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
1997 The time trade-off: a note on the effect of lifetime reallocation of consumption and discounting.
27  Marine Resiliency Study
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
PTSD (5 times)
LCA (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
2012 Predictors of risk and resilience for posttraumatic stress disorder among ground combat Marines: methods of the Marine Resiliency Study.
28  mean retinal sensitivity
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AMD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
2009 Is neuronal dysfunction an early sign of diabetic retinopathy? Microperimetry and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) study in individuals with diabetes, but no diabetic retinopathy.
29  Magnetic Recoil neutron Spectrometer
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DT (1 time)
NIF (1 time)
T ion (1 time)
2014 Measurements of fuel and ablator rhoR in Symmetry-Capsule implosions with the Magnetic Recoil neutron Spectrometer (MRS) on the National Ignition Facility.
30  magnetic recoil spectrometer
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
NIF (5 times)
DS-n (1 time)
dsr (1 time)
2008 First measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA (invited).
31  Man Rogosa Sharp Agar
(5 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
APC (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
KF (1 time)
2003 Improvement of organoleptic quality of retted cassava products by alkali pretreatment of roots and addition of sodium nitrate during retting.
32  Man, Rogosa and Sharpe medium
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
ARDRA (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HC-3 (1 time)
2005 Identification to the species level of Lactobacillus isolated in probiotic prospecting studies of human, animal or food origin by 16S-23S rRNA restriction profiling.
33  mandibular repositioning splint
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CPAP (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
Group A (1 time)
2005 Clinical audit of subjects with snoring & sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome fitted with mandibular repositioning splint.
34  maximal recruitment strategy
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
ARDS (3 times)
PEEP (3 times)
RMs (3 times)
2012 How large is the lung recruitability in early acute respiratory distress syndrome: a prospective case series of patients monitored by computed tomography.
35  methicillin-resistant S. aureus
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Sap (2 times)
MSS (1 time)
NSA (1 time)
1984 An evaluation of three rapid coagglutination tests: Sero-STAT, Accu-Staph, and Staphyloslide, for differentiating Staphylococcus aureus from other species of staphylococci.
36  microbiological root canal sampling
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GS (1 time)
IPI (1 time)
TS (1 time)
1996 Microbiological root canal sampling: diffusion of a technology.
37  Modern Racism Scale
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IAT (2 times)
ATIAS (1 time)
BMRS (1 time)
1995 Variability in automatic activation as an unobtrusive measure of racial attitudes: a bona fide pipeline?
38  Modified Rogers Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BFCRS (1 time)
BFCSI (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1996 Catatonia in depression: prevalence, clinical correlates, and validation of a scale.
39  multirobot systems
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
FDD (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
2004 Multirobot systems: a classification focused on coordination.
40  magnetic resonance
(3 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1996 A new model of transient cerebral ischemia in neonatal rats.
41  male reproductive success
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
iSNV (1 time)
MRI and FRI (1 time)
ZIKV (1 time)
2008 Pollen flow in the wildservice tree, Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz. IV. Whole interindividual variance of male fecundity estimated jointly with the dispersal kernel.
42  mandatory reporting system
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BSE (3 times)
MBM (1 time)
SRM (1 time)
2003 How the surveillance system may bias the results of analytical epidemiological studies on BSE: prevalence among dairy versus beef suckler cattle breeds in France.
43  Mean Risk Stratification
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUC (2 times)
HPV (1 time)
VIA (1 time)
2016 Risk assessment to guide cervical screening strategies in a large Chinese population.
44  Metastasis Research Society
(3 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
YISM (1 time)
1999 Metastasis Research Society VII International Congress (Part II). 7-10 October 1998, San Diego, CA, USA.
45  methylation risk score
(3 times)
Oncogenes
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2015 DNA Methylation Patterns Can Estimate Nonequivalent Outcomes of Breast Cancer with the Same Receptor Subtypes.
46  minimalist running shoes
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
TRS (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
2016 Minimalist Running Shoes and Injury Risk Among United States Army Soldiers.
47  mixture response surface
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GSM (2 times)
APDs (1 time)
BZPs (1 time)
2001 Solubility prediction for furosemide in water-cosolvent mixtures using the minimum number of experiments.
48  modified rice straw
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADB (1 time)
2006 Enhanced malachite green removal from aqueous solution by citric acid modified rice straw.
49  modified Rutgeerts score
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
BAE (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2014 Predicting Mucosal Healing in Crohn's Disease Using Practical Clinical Indices with Regard to the Location of Active Disease.
50  Mood Rating Scale
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HADS (1 time)
HT (1 time)
PHPT (1 time)
2008 Switching to letrozole or exemestane improves hot flushes, mood and quality of life in tamoxifen intolerant women.
51  multiresolution segmentation
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
2014 Assessment of multiresolution segmentation for delimiting drumlins in digital elevation models.
52  macular relocation surgery
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2003 Macular relocation after photodynamic therapy for recurrent choroidal neovascular membrane: visual results and histopathological findings.
53  magnetic rotation spectroscopy
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
1996 Prognosis for a mid-infrared magnetic rotation spectrometer for the in situ detection of atmospheric free radicals.
54  magnetic spectroscopy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
NAA (1 time)
NAWM (1 time)
1999 Proton MR spectroscopy in clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of multiple sclerosis.
55  male rat serum
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CP (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
1988 In vitro culture of postimplantation hamster embryos.
56  Male Readjustable Sling
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Male Readjustable Sling (MRS) System for Postprostatectomy Incontinence: Experiences of 2 Centers.
57  male Remeex system
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
SUI (1 time)
2010 Our experience in the treatment of male stress urinary incontinence with the male Remeex system.
58  Man, Rogosa and Sharp broth
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMP (1 time)
2009 Determination of an economical medium for growth of Lactobacillus fermentum using response surface methodology.
59  Materials Research Society
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
--- 1987 An oxygen key to the new superconductors.
60  maximum rising strength
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DHEAS (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2006 Reliability of a new instrument for measuring maximum rising strength.
61  medial rectus subdivision
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AIN (2 times)
VN (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1983 Comparison of vestibular and abducens internuclear projections to the medial rectus subdivision of the oculomotor nucleus in the monkey.
62  Medical Reception Station
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
GP (1 time)
PHEC (1 time)
RAPs (1 time)
2016 The Medical Reception Station: a new primary care capability for 3 Commando Brigade.
63  medullary rim sign
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FIP (1 time)
PKD (1 time)
US (1 time)
2007 Prevalence of the polycystic kidney disease and renal and urinary bladder ultrasonographic abnormalities in Persian and Exotic Shorthair cats in Italy.
64  megarectosigmoid
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2014 Megarectosigmoid in children with anorectal malformations: long term outcome after surgical or conservative treatment.
65  Melkersson-Rosenthal
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
2004 Possible role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome demonstrated with Gen-Probe amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis direct test.
66  Mendelian randomization study
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2017 Elevated serum urate is a potential factor in reduction of total bilirubin: a Mendelian randomization study.
67  mercury ion recognition sequence
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EPA (1 time)
PIET (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2011 Ultrasensitive and selective detection of mercury(II) in aqueous solution by polymerase assisted fluorescence amplification.
68  Meso-Rex shunt
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EHPVO (1 time)
IJV (1 time)
SMV (1 time)
2009 Modified technique of meso-Rex shunt in case of insufficient length of the jugular vein graft.
69  mesolimbic reward system
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NAc (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2012 GLP-1 neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract project directly to the ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens to control for food intake.
70  methicillin-resistant
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
PJI (1 time)
2011 Risk factors associated with the antimicrobial resistance of staphylococci in canine pyoderma.
71  Microbial Rosetta Stone
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
AgDB (1 time)
2009 The Microbial Rosetta Stone: a database system for tracking infectious microorganisms.
72  Microcystic/reticular schwannoma
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Lumbar intraspinal microcystic/reticular schwannoma: Case report and literature review.
73  milk replacer with starter
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MRO (2 times)
MCT1 (1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2019 Form of calf diet and the rumen. II: Impact on volatile fatty acid absorption.
74  minimal recognizable stripe
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HMNS (1 time)
1988 Quantitative evaluation of coat-color patterns in artificially produced chimeras of the mouse by means of a microcomputer-based video-image analysis system.
75  minimum R squared
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
BTH (1 time)
2019 The carbonaceous aerosol levels still remain a challenge in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China: Insights from continuous high temporal resolution measurements in multiple cities.
76  minimum running stress
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
ARC (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2007 Threshold-like pattern of neuronal activation in the hypothalamus during treadmill running: establishment of a minimum running stress (MRS) rat model.
77  Minnesota Radiological Society
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
--- 2010 Introducing first-year radiology residents to the ACR at the AMCLC: the effect on future ACR and state radiologic society membership and participation.
78  modulated Raman spectroscopy
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2011 Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples.
79  molecular risk score
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRS (2 times)
CRLM (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2013 Gene expression profiles accurately predict outcome following liver resection in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
80  motor root stimulation
(2 times)
Electric Stimulation
(1 time)
CMAPs (2 times)
APB (1 time)
MATS (1 time)
2009 Magnetic lumbosacral motor root stimulation with a flat, large round coil.
81  MR imaging and spectroscopy
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
fat (2 times)
His (1 time)
2001 [Artifacts in MR Imaging due to ventilation tubes].
82  multiple random staircase
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FM (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
SF-MPQ (1 time)
1988 A multiple random staircase method of psychophysical pain assessment.
83  Multiple Response System
(2 times)
Adolescent
(2 times)
CFT (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2011 Multiple Response System: Evaluation of Policy Change in North Carolina's Child Welfare System.
84  musicogenic reflex seizures
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GAD-Ab (2 times)
FAS (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2018 Musicogenic reflex seizures in epilepsy with glutamic acid decarbocylase antibodies.
85  approach-MR spectroscopy
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2008 The use of magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging in alcohol research.
86  disease-manifestation related symptom
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ADE (1 time)
2010 Selecting information in electronic health records for knowledge acquisition.
87  LA-supplemented deMan-Rogosa-Sharpe
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BSM (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2019 Isolation, characterization and conjugated linoleic acid production potential of bifidobacterial isolates from ruminal fluid samples of Murrah buffaloes.
88  macroregions
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 [The evolution of mortality by homicide in the State of Bahia in the period from 1996 to 2010].
89  macular raster scan
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Time course of morphologic effects on different retinal compartments after ranibizumab therapy in age-related macular degeneration.
90  magnetic rattle-type silica
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Preparation of magnetic rattle-type silica through a general and facile pre-shell-post-core process for simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy.
91  magnetic resonance imaging-based score
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FCD (1 time)
PCDAI (1 time)
2005 Long-term oral tacrolimus therapy in refractory to infliximab fistulizing Crohn's disease: a pilot study.
92  magnetic resonance single-volume spectroscopy
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Localized 1H NMR spectroscopy in fifty cases of newly diagnosed intracranial tumors.
93  magnetic resonance spectroscopic examination
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
2015 Childhood temporal lobe epilepsy: correlation between electroencephalography and magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a case-control study.
94  Magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
2005 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy investigation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in bipolar disorder patients.
95  maintenance and repair systems
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ELS (1 time)
2006 Theories of biological aging: genes, proteins, and free radicals.
96  male rhythmical song
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2010 Contemporary cultural evolution of a conspecific recognition signal following serial translocations.
97  malignant risk score
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EUS-FNA (1 time)
MTE (1 time)
TDCD (1 time)
2014 Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for suspected malignancies adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract.
98  malonic semialdehyde reductase
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
3HP (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
BPL (1 time)
2016 Ancillary contributions of heterologous biotin protein ligase and carbonic anhydrase for CO2 incorporation into 3-hydroxypropionate by metabolically engineered Pyrococcus furiosus.
99  mammary tumor virus
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Sequences homologous to mouse mammary cancer virus are common in mammalian and avian genomes].
100  management and reconciliation service
(1 time)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
ADLTS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of the influence of a pharmacist-led patient-centered medication therapy management and reconciliation service in collaboration with emergency department physicians.