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Abbreviation: MS
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Long forms: 1620

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
multiple sclerosis
(29864 times)
Neurology
(15251 times)
EAE (2580 times)
CNS (2400 times)
MRI (1725 times)
0 Anesthetic Management of a Patient With Multiple Sclerosis.
mass spectrometry
(9367 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3045 times)
LC (662 times)
ESI (538 times)
HPLC (525 times)
0 [Building Mass Spectrometry Spectral Libraries of Human Cancer Cell Lines].
metabolic syndrome
(4006 times)
Medicine
(608 times)
BMI (510 times)
IDF (249 times)
IR (224 times)
1997 [The metabolic syndrome, its heredity, methods of detection and clinical significance].
mitral stenosis
(653 times)
Cardiology
(414 times)
MVA (124 times)
MR (105 times)
AF (88 times)
1975 [Hemodynamics, left ventricular volumes and compliance in 167 patients with congenital and acquired heart disease (author's transl)].
Murashige and Skoog
(506 times)
Botany
(155 times)
NAA (122 times)
BA (109 times)
IBA (75 times)
1976 Nitrogen metabolism in soybean tissue culture: I. Assimilation of urea.
mutans streptococci
(380 times)
Dentistry
(330 times)
LB (62 times)
CHX (24 times)
ECC (21 times)
1987 Intergeneric bacterial coaggregations involving mutans streptococci and oral actinomyces.
maternal separation
(334 times)
Neurology
(128 times)
PND (46 times)
NH (24 times)
AFR (22 times)
1993 Early, postnatal experience alters hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA, median eminence CRF content and stress-induced release in adult rats.
medial septum
(243 times)
Neurology
(116 times)
ChAT (33 times)
vDB (19 times)
NBM (17 times)
1977 The role of the septal nuclei in the release of acetyl-choline from the rabbit cerebral cortex and dorsal hippocampus and the effect of atropine.
microspheres
(233 times)
Pharmacology
(81 times)
PLGA (42 times)
SEM (10 times)
PLA (8 times)
1977 Distribution homogeneity of microspheres (MS) in normal and hypothermic perfused kidneys of dogs.
10  MS/MS
(149 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(77 times)
LC (21 times)
CID (12 times)
ESI (10 times)
1996 Mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography, and brain peptides.
11  mechanosensitive
(148 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
MscL (10 times)
MscS (9 times)
MSL (5 times)
1991 Mechanosensitive ion channels as reporters of bilayer expansion. A theoretical model.
12  median survival
(148 times)
Neoplasms
(92 times)
NSCLC (21 times)
RT (19 times)
OS (18 times)
1976 Enhancement of the antitumor effect of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-l-nitrosourea (BCNU) by phenylethylbiguanide (phenformin).
13  methionine synthase
(147 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
MTHFR (56 times)
CBS (27 times)
Hcy (14 times)
1977 Cobalamin dependent methionine synthesis and methyl-folate-trap in human vitamin B12 deficiency.
14  microsatellite
(143 times)
Genetics
(29 times)
SNP (12 times)
SNPs (12 times)
MSI (10 times)
1994 A microsatellite linkage map of the porcine genome.
15  Myeloid sarcoma
(133 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
AML (59 times)
CR (9 times)
MDS (7 times)
2003 Myeloid sarcoma of both kidneys, the brain, and multiple bones in a nonleukemic child.
16  mean sensitivity
(111 times)
Ophthalmology
(80 times)
MD (38 times)
VF (20 times)
SAP (18 times)
1989 [Evaluation of static quantitative automated perimetry in the early diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma].
17  Mycoplasma synoviae
(111 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(99 times)
MG (36 times)
HI (18 times)
IBV (14 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
18  morphine sulfate
(101 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
PCA (6 times)
DM (4 times)
EKC (4 times)
1975 Effects of morphine on coronary and left ventricular dynamics in conscious dogs.
19  motion sickness
(84 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(31 times)
EGG (4 times)
HRV (4 times)
OVAR (4 times)
1983 Physiological and psychological correlates of motion sickness.
20  malate synthase
(65 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ICL (38 times)
CAT (6 times)
TCA (4 times)
1978 Isolation and biochemical properties of two types of microbody from Neurospora crassa cells.
21  maternal serum
(65 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
AF (29 times)
AFP (13 times)
UC (10 times)
1976 Maternal serum and amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein as a marker of acute fetal distress in a midtrimester abortion model.
22  Marfan syndrome
(60 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
FBN1 (6 times)
DT (3 times)
EDS (3 times)
1988 Surgical management of children and young adults with Marfan syndrome and pectus excavatum.
23  Member States
(57 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
EU (29 times)
WHO (3 times)
AFI (2 times)
1998 Radiation protection legislation.
24  musculoskeletal
(57 times)
Occupational Medicine
(9 times)
US (6 times)
FE (4 times)
RMSE (3 times)
1983 Posttraumatic sports-related musculoskeletal abnormalities: prevalence in a normal population.
25  chromatography-mass spectrometry
(56 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
LC (3 times)
AHLs (2 times)
QS (2 times)
1989 A novel method for the analysis of platelet-activating factor: direct derivatization of glycerophospholipids.
26  mainstream
(56 times)
Toxicology
(24 times)
SS (40 times)
AA (2 times)
AHH (2 times)
1985 Simultaneous mainstream-sidestream smoke exposure systems II. The rat exposure system.
27  medical students
(56 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
CRC (2 times)
FAC (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1982 The orthogonal Frank electrocardiogram in 70 well-trained athletes.
28  Meishan
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
LW (30 times)
WC (14 times)
QTL (8 times)
1988 Conceptus development in large white and prolific Chinese Meishan pigs.
29  mortality salience
(52 times)
Psychology
(41 times)
TMT (9 times)
ERPs (2 times)
NA (2 times)
1997 Terror management theory and self-esteem: evidence that increased self-esteem reduces mortality salience effects.
30  Mirizzi syndrome
(50 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
ERCP (6 times)
LC (6 times)
CBD (3 times)
1997 Mirizzi's syndrome. Diagnostic and therapeutic controversies in the laparoscopic era.
31  magnetic stimulation
(49 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
ES (7 times)
MEPs (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
1991 Attenuation in detection of somatosensory stimuli by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
32  maxillary sinus
(49 times)
Otolaryngology
(17 times)
CBCT (8 times)
IT (6 times)
IP (5 times)
1998 Relatively high F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in paranasal sinus aspergillosis: a PET study.
33  mesoporous silica
(49 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DOX (3 times)
NIR (3 times)
AL (2 times)
2008 Mesoporous silica nanolayers infiltrated with hole-transporting molecules for hybrid organic light-emitting devices.
34  marbling score
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
LMA (10 times)
EMA (9 times)
CW (8 times)
1992 Two-, three-, and four-breed rotational crossbreeding of beef cattle: carcass traits.
35  mannose-sensitive
(44 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
MR (20 times)
HA (4 times)
GMS (2 times)
1979 Hemagglutination patterns of enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli determined with human, bovine, chicken, and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of mannose.
36  methyl salicylate
(44 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
DNCB (6 times)
LLNA (5 times)
ESIPT (4 times)
1981 Studies on erythrocyte membrane. V. Haemolytic effect of methylsalicylate and its possible mechanism.
37  mass
(42 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
NMR (8 times)
IR (6 times)
EA (4 times)
1992 Penta-acetyl geniposide: isolation, identification and primary effect on C6 glioma cells in vitro.
38  muscle strength
(42 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ME (4 times)
BC (3 times)
BMI (3 times)
1988 Physical fitness and other individual factors relating to the shiftwork tolerance of women.
39  mainstream smoke
(39 times)
Toxicology
(29 times)
ETS (8 times)
SS (8 times)
TPM (4 times)
1987 A critical look at N-nitrosamines in environmental tobacco smoke.
40  multistate
(38 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
SS (6 times)
IA (2 times)
AF-stroke (1 time)
1986 Intradermal testing with multiple recall antigens for identification of cell-mediated immune deficiency in homosexual men.
41  median sternotomy
(37 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
VATS (11 times)
LVRS (5 times)
RM (3 times)
1996 Bilateral lung volume reduction surgery for advanced emphysema. A comparison of median sternotomy and thoracoscopic approaches.
42  mechanical stress
(36 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
PDL (5 times)
ERK (4 times)
CCL (3 times)
1993 In vivo confocal microscopic studies of endothelial wound healing in rabbit cornea.
43  M. synoviae
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(32 times)
MG (31 times)
HI (8 times)
MM (8 times)
1976 Use of the agar-gel precipitin test to evaluate broiler breeder and commercial layer flocks for Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection.
44  mental stress
(34 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
HR (9 times)
MSNA (8 times)
BP (5 times)
1990 [Cardiovascular response to sympathetic stimulation in normal subjects with or without familial hypertension].
45  mood stabilizer
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
AD (9 times)
AAP (5 times)
BD (5 times)
2002 Previous mood state predicts response and switch rates in patients with bipolar depression.
46  Murashige and Skoog medium
(34 times)
Botany
(14 times)
BA (4 times)
NAA (4 times)
BAP (3 times)
1982 In vitro plant regeneration in lateral bud explants of Cryptanthus bromelioides Var. Tricolor M. B. Foster.
47  molar substitution
(33 times)
Polysaccharides
(10 times)
HES (7 times)
Mw (7 times)
HEC (4 times)
1983 Chemical characterization of the persistent fraction of hydroxyethyl starch in rat serum and spleen.
48  multiply spliced
(33 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ss (9 times)
US (7 times)
AL (2 times)
1974 Attitudinal maintenance of cognitive categorization.
49  mass spectrometric detection
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
GC (13 times)
HPLC (6 times)
SPE (4 times)
1988 Ambient monitoring of cyclophosphamide in manufacture and hospitals.
50  Mississippi
(30 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
LC-MS-MS (5 times)
AMP (2 times)
COC (2 times)
1990 VARIATION IN OVIPOSITION PREFERENCE OF HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS IN RELATION TO MACROEVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS OF HELIOTHINE HOST RANGE.
51  multispectral
(30 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
PAN (9 times)
HR (6 times)
KM (6 times)
1998 Determination of focal ischemic lesion volume in the rat brain using multispectral analysis.
52  mild steel
(28 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
SS (16 times)
MMA (6 times)
MIG (3 times)
1978 Mutagenicity of fume particles from metal arc welding on stainless steel in the Salmonella/microsome test.
53  Mycobacterium smegmatis
(28 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
Mtb (17 times)
BCG (3 times)
TB (3 times)
1995 Cloning, sequence analysis, overproduction in Escherichia coli and enzymatic characterization of the RNase HI from Mycobacterium smegmatis.
54  Meckel syndrome
(27 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
DBS (3 times)
GPi (3 times)
JS (3 times)
1984 Prenatal diagnosis of Meckel syndrome: case reports and literature review.
55  multiple-scattering
(27 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
XANES (5 times)
XAFS (4 times)
XAS (4 times)
1994 Intermediate states in ligand photodissociation of carboxymyoglobin studies by dispersive X-ray absorption.
56  maize silage
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
DM (10 times)
GS (10 times)
BW (3 times)
2008 Effect of replacing grass silage with maize silage in the diet on bovine milk fatty acid composition.
57  meal size
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
IMI (21 times)
CCK (6 times)
BN (4 times)
1978 Effect of cholecystokinin on meal size and intermeal interval in the sham-feeding rat.
58  medial septal nucleus
(25 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ChAT (6 times)
AChE (4 times)
BF (4 times)
1984 Cholinergic and non-cholinergic septo-hippocampal projections: a double-label horseradish peroxidase-acetylcholinesterase study in the rabbit.
59  ionization-mass spectrometry
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
LC (4 times)
CE (3 times)
GC (3 times)
1997 Identification, quantification, and relative concentrations of carotenoids and their metabolites in human milk and serum.
60  metallic stents
(24 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
PS (4 times)
CMS (3 times)
DES (2 times)
1996 [Balloon angioplasty and metallic stent].
61  multisystem
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
LCH (21 times)
SS (10 times)
SS-m (5 times)
2004 Permanent consequences in Langerhans cell histiocytosis patients: a pilot study from the Histiocyte Society-Late Effects Study Group.
62  muscle soreness
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(12 times)
CK (10 times)
EE (4 times)
MVC (3 times)
1989 Serum creatine kinase activity after isometric exercise in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
63  mass screening
(23 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
NB (5 times)
PCa (3 times)
DRE (2 times)
1990 Problems of mass screening for neuroblastoma: analysis of false-negative cases.
64  Mato Grosso do Sul
(23 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
VL (4 times)
RS (3 times)
HB (2 times)
2003 Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection among an Afro-descendant community in Brazil.
65  molecular size
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
SEC-PAGE (3 times)
EM (2 times)
HAs (2 times)
1985 Technical and clinical assessment of oxygen concentrators.
66  magnesium sulfate
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SMV (3 times)
AC (2 times)
CFV (2 times)
1994 Parenteral magnesium sulphate restores regional contractile function in the post-ischaemic canine myocardium.
67  microsurgery
(20 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
VS (9 times)
SRS (8 times)
RS (4 times)
2004 Injury of the lacrimal component of the nervus intermedius function after radiosurgery versus microsurgery.
68  mitral valve stenosis
(20 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MVA (5 times)
MR (3 times)
CATH (2 times)
1986 [Determination of stenotic mitral valve area using Doppler echocardiography. A comparison with hemodynamic studies].
69  mechanical stimulation
(19 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ES (3 times)
PD (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1980 Electrical activity of isolated semicircular canal in the frog. Action of streptomycin.
70  medium spiny
(19 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FS (7 times)
NAc (3 times)
NAcb (3 times)
1998 Up and down states in striatal medium spiny neurons simultaneously recorded with spontaneous activity in fast-spiking interneurons studied in cortex-striatum-substantia nigra organotypic cultures.
71  methylation-specific
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MLPA (6 times)
BWS (3 times)
LOM (2 times)
2005 Methylation status analysis of cell cycle regulatory genes (p16INK4A, p15INK4B, p21Waf1/Cip1, p27Kip1 and p73) in natural killer cell disorders.
72  Melanotic schwannoma
(18 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
CNC (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
PMS (2 times)
1994 Melanocytic schwannoma: the cytologic aspect in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC): report of a case located in the spinal cord.
73  metal-semiconductor
(18 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
LPE (5 times)
LPV (4 times)
MIS (3 times)
2005 Chemicophysical surface treatment and the experimental demonstration of Schottky-Mott rules for metal/semiconductor heterostructure interfaces.
74  morning stiffness
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(14 times)
RA (10 times)
ESR (5 times)
CRP (4 times)
1981 The assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis using a multivariate analysis.
75  masseter
(17 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
MyHC (4 times)
DP (3 times)
INF (3 times)
1995 Influence of stress and occlusal interference on the EMG activity of some masticatory muscles during a single mastication cycle.
76  maximum slope
(17 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
DC (3 times)
EA (3 times)
2000 Gastric emptying of solids: estimates of lag phase and constant emptying times.
77  methicillin-susceptible
(17 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MR (17 times)
CoNS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1981 Altered penicillin-binding proteins in methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
78  microsclerotia
(17 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
HOG (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AM (1 time)
2009 Production of microsclerotia of the fungal entomopathogen Metarhizium anisopliae and their potential for use as a biocontrol agent for soil-inhabiting insects.
79  Microsoft
(17 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
TPS (2 times)
AIB (1 time)
BUTH (1 time)
1998 Butterworth equations for homomorphic filtering of images.
80  Moebius syndrome
(17 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
FFMTs (1 time)
ICDAS (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1991 Moebius syndrome with central hypoventilation and brainstem calcification: a case report.
81  monascin
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
AK (8 times)
PPAR (4 times)
CT (3 times)
2011 Synchronous high-performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector and mass spectrometry for the determination of citrinin, monascin, ankaflavin, and the lactone and acid forms of monacolin K in red mold rice.
82  muscle stimulation
(17 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
ROS (3 times)
IMP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1987 Effects of intermittent electrical stimulations on muscle catabolism in intensive care patients.
83  macular sensitivity
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
BCVA (7 times)
SD-OCT (4 times)
DME (3 times)
2001 [Correlation between blue chromatic macular sensitivity and optic disc change in early glaucoma patients].
84  metabolic scope
(16 times)
Biology
(6 times)
DO (2 times)
EPOC (2 times)
FE (2 times)
2002 Concurrent validity of a weight-bearing activity questionnaire in prepubertal and pubertal girls and boys.
85  metham sodium
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
MITC (5 times)
AD (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
2000 The influence of metam sodium on soil respiration.
86  morning surge
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
BP (14 times)
HR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2003 Morning surge in blood pressure as a predictor of silent and clinical cerebrovascular disease in elderly hypertensives: a prospective study.
87  meiotic spindle
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
ZP (7 times)
MII (3 times)
HB (2 times)
2010 Analysis of spindle characteristics and embryo quality in mice stimulated with letrozole using Polscope imaging.
88  methionine sulfoximine
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GS (3 times)
GDH (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
1978 Effects of diethyl maleate on aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase and on 3-methyl-cholanthrene-induced skin tumorigenesis in rats and mice.
89  metoprolol succinate
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EC (5 times)
HPMC (4 times)
SR (3 times)
2000 Hemodynamic comparison of twice daily metoprolol tartrate with once daily metoprolol succinate in congestive heart failure.
90  Mossbauer spectroscopy
(15 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
TEM (5 times)
XRD (5 times)
SEM (4 times)
1999 Magnetic properties of human liver and brain ferritin.
91  LC-MS
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
GC (2 times)
LC (2 times)
AZAs (1 time)
2001 Reduction in matrix-related signal suppression effects in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry using on-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography.
92  machined surface
(14 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
BIC (5 times)
HA (4 times)
LS (4 times)
2001 A multi-center study comparing dual acid-etched and machined-surfaced implants in various bone qualities.
93  Maxwell-Stefan
(14 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MD (6 times)
CBMC (1 time)
CPAs (1 time)
2003 Modeling of the co-transport of cryoprotective agents in a porous medium as a model tissue.
94  median slope
(14 times)
Emergency Medicine
(8 times)
AMSA (6 times)
VF (5 times)
ECG (3 times)
1997 Effect of surgery on visual field progression in normal-tension glaucoma.
95  modified starch
(14 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GA (3 times)
OD (2 times)
VFS (2 times)
1994 High plasma levels of endothelin-1 and atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
96  male sterility
(13 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
CMS (4 times)
GO (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
1992 One-step generation of cytoplasmic male sterility by fusion of mitochondrial-inactivated tomato protoplasts with nuclear-inactivated Solanum protoplasts.
97  manual stimulation
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
FFA (5 times)
WT (4 times)
IGF-1 (3 times)
1994 Importance of modes of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic nociceptive low back pain.
98  medical school
(13 times)
Education
(4 times)
MC (3 times)
AHC (1 time)
AL (1 time)
1995 [Informatics in medical schools and postgraduate education centers for health professionals. Survey on the situation in Spain].
99  middle school
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
HS (11 times)
COL (2 times)
e-cigarette (2 times)
1999 Dental caries and fluorosis among children in a rural Georgia area.
100  mineral salts
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
RS (2 times)
4,5-DCG (1 time)
5,6-DCV (1 time)
1981 Sodium intake reduction in volunteer families by using a salt substitute and nutrition counselling.