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Abbreviation: MSD
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Long forms: 272

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
musculoskeletal disorders
(311 times)
Occupational Medicine
(97 times)
CI (15 times)
RTW (12 times)
OR (10 times)
1990 Strenuous working conditions and musculo-skeletal disorders among female hospital workers.
mean square displacement
(252 times)
Biophysics
(105 times)
MD (20 times)
EINS (8 times)
SPT (8 times)
1992 Structure and dynamics of the dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine lipid bilayer.
matched sibling donor
(106 times)
Hematology
(58 times)
GVHD (34 times)
MUD (32 times)
HSCT (31 times)
1993 Unrelated-donor bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in children.
Meso Scale Discovery
(65 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
ECL (10 times)
ELISA (8 times)
PD (4 times)
2007 Application of meso scale technology for the measurement of phosphoproteins in human tumor xenografts.
multiple sulfatase deficiency
(63 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
SUMF1 (12 times)
FGE (11 times)
MLD (6 times)
1979 Genetic complementation studies of multiple sulfatase deficiency.
membrane-spanning domain
(42 times)
Virology
(16 times)
Env (13 times)
NBD (10 times)
TM (7 times)
1991 Characterization of the structure-activity relationships of rat types I and II 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5 -delta 4 isomerase by site-directed mutagenesis and expression in HeLa cells.
mass selective detector
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC (14 times)
FID (4 times)
ECD (3 times)
1989 Quantitative metabolic profiling of valproic acid in humans using automated gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric techniques.
moderate-to-severe diarrhea
(27 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
GEMS (14 times)
LSD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2012 Some epidemiologic, clinical, microbiologic, and organizational assumptions that influenced the design and performance of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS).
mean surface distance
(24 times)
Biophysics
(11 times)
DSC (14 times)
CT (5 times)
MR (3 times)
1994 Tracking of single fluorescent particles in three dimensions: use of cylindrical optics to encode particle position.
10  Merck Sharp and Dohme
(20 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
EIA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
GMT (3 times)
1987 Low-dose vaccination against hepatitis B in children: one-year follow-up.
11  maximum skin dose
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
DAP (8 times)
PCI (6 times)
CA (3 times)
2006 Radiochromic films for improved evaluation of patient dose in liver interventions.
12  mass spectrometry detector
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
GC (6 times)
ATD (3 times)
FID (3 times)
2000 Multiresidue method for the rapid determination of organophosphorus insecticides in grapes, must and wine.
13  male sexual dysfunction
(15 times)
Urology
(10 times)
ED (7 times)
PE (3 times)
FSD (2 times)
1999 [Sexual male dysfunction].
14  mean squared difference
(15 times)
Biology
(3 times)
BPNN (1 time)
CBIR (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1996 Automated image registration for FDOPA PET studies.
15  mean sac diameter
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
CRL (4 times)
CSP (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
1991 Transvaginal ultrasound scanning in early pregnancy and correlation with human chorionic gonadotropin levels.
16  mean stone density
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SWL (7 times)
MSL (6 times)
SHI (6 times)
2010 Evaluating the importance of mean stone density and skin-to-stone distance in predicting successful shock wave lithotripsy of renal and ureteric calculi.
17  multisomatoform disorder
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
SNPs (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CGI (1 time)
1998 A symptom checklist to screen for somatoform disorders in primary care.
18  mating start date
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BCS (5 times)
DIM (5 times)
CIDR (3 times)
2006 A comparative study of the effect of 2 hormonal treatment protocols on the reproductive performance of previously anoestrous dairy cows.
19  marble spleen disease
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HE (5 times)
CAM (1 time)
HEV (1 time)
1975 Transmission of marble spleen disease in turkeys and pheasants.
20  matched sibling
(10 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
MUD (4 times)
aGVHD (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
1998 [Prognosis of children with acute myelocytic leukemia after first relapse].
21  muscle-specific domain
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NCAM (9 times)
AChRalpha (1 time)
GPI (1 time)
1991 The muscle specific domain of mouse N-CAM: structure and alternative splicing patterns.
22  mean squared deviation
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AFLPs (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2004 Estimating pairwise relatedness from dominant genetic markers.
23  minimal stent diameter
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
IVUS (4 times)
MSA (2 times)
SES (2 times)
2003 Is adjunctive balloon postdilatation necessary after coronary stent deployment? Final results from the POSTIT trial.
24  modified signed-digit
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
OVMM (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
VMM (1 time)
1988 Optical on-the-fly conversion of a modified signed digit into two's complement binary number representation.
25  mass-spring-damper
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
GRF (2 times)
ACCparam (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2004 A new physical model with multilayer architecture for facial expression animation using dynamic adaptive mesh.
26  mean segment diameter
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
MOD (6 times)
CAD (4 times)
TC (2 times)
1997 Modulation of lipoprotein(a) atherogenicity by high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in middle-aged men with symptomatic coronary artery disease and normal to moderately elevated serum cholesterol. Regression Growth Evaluation Statin Study (REGRESS) Study Group.
27  maximum slope of decrease
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
MSI (7 times)
PEI (7 times)
AUC (4 times)
2013 Capability of differentiating smokers with normal pulmonary function from COPD patients: a comparison of CT pulmonary volume analysis and MR perfusion imaging.
28  mean gestational sac diameter
(7 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CRL (6 times)
AUC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2003 [Biochemical and sonographic values in early pregnancy in women with a history of early spontaneous abortion].
29  Macromolecular Structure Database
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PDB (3 times)
wwPDB (3 times)
BMRB (1 time)
2004 E-MSD: an integrated data resource for bioinformatics.
30  maize streak disease
(6 times)
Virology
(4 times)
MSV (5 times)
MSV-A (1 time)
SGCs (1 time)
2009 Dating the origins of the maize-adapted strain of maize streak virus, MSV-A.
31  major splice donor
(6 times)
Virology
(5 times)
LTRs (2 times)
nt (2 times)
ART (1 time)
2000 Stem-loop 1 of the U1 snRNP plays a critical role in the suppression of HIV-1 polyadenylation.
32  mean successive difference
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HRV (2 times)
IBIs (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1996 Autonomic characteristics of generalized anxiety disorder and worry.
33  metastatic spine disease
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EBL (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2013 Intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for metastatic spine disease: report of 4 cases and review.
34  mid-sagittal diameter
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
IPD (2 times)
AVHF (1 time)
C/P (1 time)
1986 Radiographic vs. direct measurements of the spinal canal of the thoracolumbar junctional region (T10-L1) of the spine.
35  Modified Sijunzi Decoction
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AEs (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2012 [Clinical observation of effects of Modified Sijunzi Decoction on the intestinal mucosal barrier of giant colon children patients].
36  minimum significant difference
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PMSD (1 time)
TL (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2001 Statistical significance of sediment toxicity test results: threshold values derived by the detectable significance approach.
37  moderate-to-severe depression
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BDI (2 times)
MMD (2 times)
PSD (2 times)
2002 Interleukin-18 and CD30 serum levels in patients with moderate-severe depression.
38  moderate-to-severe disease
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
MD (4 times)
ART (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2007 Estimating the number of vertically HIV-infected children eligible for antiretroviral treatment in resource-limited settings.
39  multiple and severe disability
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
AAC (1 time)
2007 The impact of partner training on the communicative involvement of students with multiple and severe disability in special schools.
40  Master Standard Data
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
--- 1977 Quantity food production labor time.
41  matched subspace detector
(4 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
APs (2 times)
EOF (1 time)
GLRT (1 time)
2006 Kernel matched subspace detectors for hyperspectral target detection.
42  maximum signal drop
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ROI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1997 Accuracy of gamma-variate fits to concentration-time curves from dynamic susceptibility-contrast enhanced MRI: influence of time resolution, maximal signal drop and signal-to-noise.
43  mean spike duration
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
MNPPS (3 times)
MSF (3 times)
sEMG (3 times)
2007 Modelling fibrillation potentials--analysis of time parameters in the muscle intracellular action potential.
44  median survival day
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
SP (4 times)
PP (3 times)
EP (1 time)
1993 Role of macrophages in experimental malaria: I. Development of immunobioassay indicators.
45  minimum sagittal diameter
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CSM (2 times)
AOI (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
1989 Follow-up study of atlanto-axial instability in Down's syndrome without separate odontoid process.
46  mitochondrial swelling degree
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2008 [Effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate on antioxidation of canine myocardium during ichemia/reperfusion injury].
47  Mutism and Subsequent Dysarthria
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PFS (1 time)
1999 Tumour type and size are high risk factors for the syndrome of "cerebellar" mutism and subsequent dysarthria.
48  Myelodysplastic syndromes
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
EPO (2 times)
G-CSF (1 time)
hTERT (1 time)
1997 [Myelodysplasia in triplet pregnancy].
49  mass spectrometry detection
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HPLC (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPNO (1 time)
2002 The enantioselective determination of chlorpheniramine and its major metabolites in human plasma using chiral chromatography on a beta-cyclodextrin chiral stationary phase and mass spectrometric detection.
50  maternal sleep deprivation
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMPARs (1 time)
GD (1 time)
LTD (1 time)
2014 Maternal sleep deprivation inhibits hippocampal neurogenesis associated with inflammatory response in young offspring rats.
51  mechanosensitive domain
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
GPIb (1 time)
LRRD (1 time)
2016 Dimerization of glycoprotein Ibalpha is not sufficient to induce platelet clearance.
52  mechanosensory domain
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GP (2 times)
GPIbalpha (1 time)
ITP (1 time)
2016 Platelet clearance via shear-induced unfolding of a membrane mechanoreceptor.
53  Medical Stores Department
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2014 A cross-sectional pilot study assessing needs and attitudes to implementation of Information and Communication Technology for rational use of medicines among healthcare staff in rural Tanzania.
54  Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
POC (1 time)
2012 Clinical validation of a point-of-care multiplexed in vitro immunoassay using monoclonal antibodies (the MSD influenza test) in four hospitals in Vietnam.
55  mini-scleral design
(3 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
BSCVA (1 time)
HOAs (1 time)
INTACS (1 time)
2011 Fitting an MSD (mini scleral design) rigid contact lens in advanced keratoconus with INTACS.
56  molsidomine
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
GTN (2 times)
NO (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1995 In vitro generation and decomposition of S-nitrosothiols from direct and indirect nitric oxide donors.
57  morphological shape decomposition
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
MST (1 time)
ROPD (1 time)
SPIHT (1 time)
1996 Efficient morphological shape representation.
58  most successful dose
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
--- 2006 Optimal designs for estimating the most successful dose.
59  Motor and Social Development
(3 times)
Perinatology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
NLSCY (1 time)
2002 Birthweight and gestational age effects on motor and social development.
60  multiple synthetic derivatives
(3 times)
Breeding
(2 times)
GWA (1 time)
2017 Wheat multiple synthetic derivatives: a new source for heat stress tolerance adaptive traits.
61  multiplicative standard deviation
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
CPMG (1 time)
DISST (1 time)
2010 Design and clinical pilot testing of the model-based dynamic insulin sensitivity and secretion test (DISST).
62  multiseries DICOM
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
DICOM (2 times)
IPID (1 time)
MFD (1 time)
2013 Multi-series DICOM: an extension of DICOM that stores a whole study in a single object.
63  multistate design
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPD (2 times)
SSD (2 times)
MSD-FASTER (1 time)
2010 An efficient algorithm for multistate protein design based on FASTER.
64  HLA-matched sibling
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
EWOG-MDS (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2011 Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for advanced myelodysplastic syndrome in children: results of the EWOG-MDS 98 study.
65  major splice donor site
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LTR (2 times)
HIV-1 (1 time)
MoMLV (1 time)
1997 The HIV-1 5' LTR poly(A) site is inactivated by U1 snRNP interaction with the downstream major splice donor site.
66  mango sudden decline
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MaxEnt (1 time)
2016 Mapping Global Potential Risk of Mango Sudden Decline Disease Caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata.
67  maple syrup disease
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2001 Maple syrup disease: a standard of nursing care.
68  Martin--Snyge distribution
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
1976 Multiple liquid-liquid partition. II. Theory of Martin--Synge distribution (MSD).
69  mass storage devices
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
SPME (1 time)
USB (1 time)
2017 Feasibility of Canine Detection of Mass Storage Devices: A Study of Volatile Organic Compounds Emanating from Electronic Devices Using Solid Phase Microextraction.
70  matched signal detection
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
NC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2013 Matched signal detection on graphs: theory and application to brain network classification.
71  maximum signal difference
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
WOS (2 times)
AUGC (1 time)
AUWI (1 time)
2017 Standardized Index of Shape (DCE-MRI) and Standardized Uptake Value (PET/CT): Two quantitative approaches to discriminate chemo-radiotherapy locally advanced rectal cancer responders under a functional profile.
72  maximum skin absorbed dose
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DAP (2 times)
AK (1 time)
CAK (1 time)
2016 [Multicenter Study on Evaluation of the Entrance Skin Dose by a Direct Measurement Method in Cardiac Interventional Procedures].
73  maximum symmetric surface distance
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
VOE (2 times)
2017 Automatic 3D liver location and segmentation via convolutional neural network and graph cut.
74  mean spleen dose
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALC (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
DVH (1 time)
2017 Does Unintentional Splenic Radiation Predict Outcomes After Pancreatic Cancer Radiation Therapy?
75  mean survival time in days
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
H2N2 (2 times)
i.p (1 time)
1994 The antiviral effect of keishi-ni-eppi-ichi-to, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on influenza A2(H2N2) virus infection in mice.
76  mechanical shaver debridement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
KOOS (2 times)
RFC (2 times)
QOL (1 time)
2008 Arthroscopic knee chondroplasty using a bipolar radiofrequency-based device compared to mechanical shaver: results of a prospective, randomized, controlled study.
77  Mediterranean-style diet
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
2014 Mediterranean-style diet reduces metabolic syndrome components in obese children and adolescents with obesity.
78  meglumine sodium diatrizoate
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CBF (1 time)
LVEDD (1 time)
LVESD (1 time)
1980 Effects of ionic and nonionic contrast agents on left ventricular and extracellular fluid dynamics during angiocardiography in an infant model.
79  mesh size distributions
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2008 Diffusion in mesoporous materials and polymers swelling: a transient calorimetric approach.
80  methyl-sufficient diet
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MDD (2 times)
5-Me-dC (1 time)
dC (1 time)
2011 Global DNA methylation in the mouse liver is affected by methyl deficiency and arsenic in a sex-dependent manner.
81  methyl-supplemented diet
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
1993 Lipotrope-modified diets enhance nitrosomethylurea-induced mammary carcinogenesis in female rats.
82  methylated site display
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
MSRE (1 time)
2017 Methylated site display (MSD)-AFLP, a sensitive and affordable method for analysis of CpG methylation profiles.
83  microscopic disease
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCT (1 time)
TCP (1 time)
2014 A simulation framework for modeling tumor control probability in breast conserving therapy.
84  microsurgical discectomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MED (1 time)
2000 [Results of the disk microsurgery of lumbar herniated nucleus pulposus].
85  microwave steam distillation
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
HD (1 time)
MHG (1 time)
2008 Improved microwave steam distillation apparatus for isolation of essential oils. Comparison with conventional steam distillation.
86  mid shaft diameter
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
ANC (1 time)
AND (1 time)
BEW (1 time)
2013 Regression equation for estimation of length of humerus from its mophometry in a Nigerian population.
87  middle spermatic duct
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aELH-ir (1 time)
alpha 2M (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
2017 Alpha-2 macroglobulin as a region-specific secretory protein in male reproductive tract, and its dynamics during sperm transit toward the female spermatheca in the blue crab.
88  mild spastic diplegia
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DFA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2017 Altered Resting-State EEG Microstate Parameters and Enhanced Spatial Complexity in Male Adolescent Patients with Mild Spastic Diplegia.
89  minimal safe distance
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FV (1 time)
MM (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2016 How to drill the talar tunnel in ATFL reconstruction?
90  modified Shengyu decoction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
2014 The neuroprotective effect of modified "Shengyu" decoction is mediated through an anti-inflammatory mechanism in the rat after traumatic brain injury.
91  molecular size distribution
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
EP (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
2001 Molecular size distribution of natural organic matter in raw and drinking waters.
92  monomer sequence distribution
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2000 Mechanochemical solid-state polymerization (X): the influence of copolymer structure in copolymeric prodrugs on the nature of drug release.
93  MS-associated depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
EAE (2 times)
MS (2 times)
EBS (1 time)
2002 Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis-associated behavioral syndrome as a model of 'depression due to multiple sclerosis'.
94  multiple small defects
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DCM (2 times)
LD (2 times)
VT (1 time)
1989 [Prognostic significance of large perfusion defects on thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in dilated cardiomyopathy].
95  multiple stressor debriefing
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
--- 1995 Multiple stressor debriefing and the American Red Cross: the East Bay Hills fire experience.
96  multiple-cell spike density
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
STN (2 times)
2006 Detection of boundaries of subthalamic nucleus by multiple-cell spike density analysis in deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease.
97  Multivariate Shapelets Detection
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Early classification of multivariate temporal observations by extraction of interpretable shapelets.
98  Multivariate Statistical Distance
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2017 Dissolution comparisons using a Multivariate Statistical Distance (MSD) test and a comparison of various approaches for calculating the measurements of dissolution profile comparison.
99  musculoskeletal injuries/disorders
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2003 Workplace prevention and musculoskeletal injuries in nurses.
100  musculoskeletal system diseases
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DDD (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2003 [Evaluation of individual predisposition to development of musculoskeletal system diseases].