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Abbreviation: MSD
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Long forms: 318

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
musculoskeletal disorders
(382 times)
Occupational Medicine
(112 times)
CI (18 times)
RTW (16 times)
OR (12 times)
1990 Strenuous working conditions and musculo-skeletal disorders among female hospital workers.
mean square displacement
(325 times)
Biophysics
(117 times)
MD (34 times)
RDF (17 times)
SPT (11 times)
1992 Structure and dynamics of the dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine lipid bilayer.
matched sibling donor
(160 times)
Hematology
(89 times)
GVHD (59 times)
OS (47 times)
MUD (45 times)
1993 Unrelated-donor bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in children.
Meso Scale Discovery
(95 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
ECL (11 times)
ELISA (10 times)
AD (7 times)
2007 Application of meso scale technology for the measurement of phosphoproteins in human tumor xenografts.
multiple sulfatase deficiency
(72 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
FGE (15 times)
SUMF1 (13 times)
MLD (10 times)
1979 Genetic complementation studies of multiple sulfatase deficiency.
mean surface distance
(67 times)
Biophysics
(31 times)
DSC (47 times)
HD (20 times)
CNN (15 times)
1994 Tracking of single fluorescent particles in three dimensions: use of cylindrical optics to encode particle position.
membrane-spanning domain
(43 times)
Virology
(15 times)
Env (13 times)
NBD (11 times)
ABC (7 times)
1991 Characterization of the structure-activity relationships of rat types I and II 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5 -delta 4 isomerase by site-directed mutagenesis and expression in HeLa cells.
moderate-to-severe diarrhea
(42 times)
Tropical Medicine
(17 times)
GEMS (21 times)
LSD (8 times)
CI (5 times)
2012 Some epidemiologic, clinical, microbiologic, and organizational assumptions that influenced the design and performance of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS).
mass selective detector
(41 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC (14 times)
FID (4 times)
ECD (3 times)
1989 Quantitative metabolic profiling of valproic acid in humans using automated gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric techniques.
10  Merck Sharp and Dohme
(25 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
EIA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
GMT (3 times)
1987 Low-dose vaccination against hepatitis B in children: one-year follow-up.
11  mean squared difference
(23 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
HRQL (2 times)
MAD (2 times)
1996 Automated image registration for FDOPA PET studies.
12  mass spectrometry detector
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
GC (9 times)
VOCs (5 times)
FID (4 times)
2000 Multiresidue method for the rapid determination of organophosphorus insecticides in grapes, must and wine.
13  maximum skin dose
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
DAP (8 times)
PCI (6 times)
CA (3 times)
2006 Radiochromic films for improved evaluation of patient dose in liver interventions.
14  male sexual dysfunction
(18 times)
Urology
(12 times)
ED (7 times)
FSD (3 times)
PE (3 times)
2000 [Sexual male dysfunction].
15  matched sibling
(17 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
MUD (8 times)
GVHD (6 times)
OS (4 times)
1998 [Prognosis of children with acute myelocytic leukemia after first relapse].
16  multisomatoform disorder
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
FSS (2 times)
PCS (2 times)
SNPs (2 times)
1998 A symptom checklist to screen for somatoform disorders in primary care.
17  mean sac diameter
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
CRL (4 times)
CSP (2 times)
hCG (2 times)
1991 Transvaginal ultrasound scanning in early pregnancy and correlation with human chorionic gonadotropin levels.
18  mean stone density
(15 times)
Urology
(4 times)
SWL (8 times)
MSL (6 times)
SHI (6 times)
2010 Evaluating the importance of mean stone density and skin-to-stone distance in predicting successful shock wave lithotripsy of renal and ureteric calculi.
19  metastatic spine disease
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EBL (2 times)
MSCC (2 times)
MSTS (2 times)
2013 Intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for metastatic spine disease: report of 4 cases and review.
20  mating start date
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
DIM (6 times)
BCS (5 times)
CIDR (3 times)
2006 A comparative study of the effect of 2 hormonal treatment protocols on the reproductive performance of previously anoestrous dairy cows.
21  marble spleen disease
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HE (5 times)
CAM (1 time)
HEV (1 time)
1975 Transmission of marble spleen disease in turkeys and pheasants.
22  mean squared deviation
(10 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AFLPs (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2004 Estimating pairwise relatedness from dominant genetic markers.
23  minimal stent diameter
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
IVUS (4 times)
MSA (3 times)
QCA (2 times)
2003 Is adjunctive balloon postdilatation necessary after coronary stent deployment? Final results from the POSTIT trial.
24  modified signed-digit
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
FPM (1 time)
OVMM (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
1988 Optical on-the-fly conversion of a modified signed digit into two's complement binary number representation.
25  muscle-specific domain
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
NCAM (9 times)
AChRalpha (1 time)
GPI (1 time)
1991 The muscle specific domain of mouse N-CAM: structure and alternative splicing patterns.
26  mass-spring-damper
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ARF (2 times)
GRF (2 times)
VisR (2 times)
2008 Parameter optimization for 3D mass-spring-damper models.
27  maize streak disease
(8 times)
Virology
(5 times)
MSV (6 times)
ICER (1 time)
MSRV (1 time)
2009 Dating the origins of the maize-adapted strain of maize streak virus, MSV-A.
28  major splice donor
(8 times)
Virology
(6 times)
ART (2 times)
LTRs (2 times)
nt (2 times)
2000 Stem-loop 1 of the U1 snRNP plays a critical role in the suppression of HIV-1 polyadenylation.
29  maximum slope of decrease
(8 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
MSI (7 times)
PEI (7 times)
AUC (5 times)
2012 Capability of differentiating smokers with normal pulmonary function from COPD patients: a comparison of CT pulmonary volume analysis and MR perfusion imaging.
30  mean segment diameter
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
MOD (6 times)
CAD (4 times)
TC (2 times)
1997 Modulation of lipoprotein(a) atherogenicity by high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in middle-aged men with symptomatic coronary artery disease and normal to moderately elevated serum cholesterol. Regression Growth Evaluation Statin Study (REGRESS) Study Group.
31  mean gestational sac diameter
(7 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CRL (6 times)
AUC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2003 [Biochemical and sonographic values in early pregnancy in women with a history of early spontaneous abortion].
32  moderate-to-severe depression
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BDI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
MMD (2 times)
2002 Interleukin-18 and CD30 serum levels in patients with moderate-severe depression.
33  Macromolecular Structure Database
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PDB (3 times)
wwPDB (3 times)
BMRB (1 time)
2003 E-MSD: an integrated data resource for bioinformatics.
34  matched subspace detector
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
APs (2 times)
EOF (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2006 Kernel matched subspace detectors for hyperspectral target detection.
35  mean successive difference
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HRV (2 times)
IBIs (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1996 Autonomic characteristics of generalized anxiety disorder and worry.
36  mid-sagittal diameter
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
IPD (2 times)
AVHF (1 time)
C/P (1 time)
1986 Radiographic vs. direct measurements of the spinal canal of the thoracolumbar junctional region (T10-L1) of the spine.
37  Modified Sijunzi Decoction
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AEs (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2012 [Clinical observation of effects of Modified Sijunzi Decoction on the intestinal mucosal barrier of giant colon children patients].
38  maternal sleep deprivation
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMPARs (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2014 Maternal sleep deprivation inhibits hippocampal neurogenesis associated with inflammatory response in young offspring rats.
39  mechanosensory domain
(5 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
GP (4 times)
LBD (2 times)
BSS (1 time)
2016 Platelet clearance via shear-induced unfolding of a membrane mechanoreceptor.
40  minimum significant difference
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PMSD (1 time)
TL (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2001 Statistical significance of sediment toxicity test results: threshold values derived by the detectable significance approach.
41  moderately severe disease
(5 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
MD (4 times)
ART (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2007 Estimating the number of vertically HIV-infected children eligible for antiretroviral treatment in resource-limited settings.
42  motor speech disorder
(5 times)
Language Disorders
(3 times)
ADL (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
ASHA (1 time)
2006 The use of electropalatography in the assessment and treatment of acquired motor speech disorders in adults: current knowledge and future directions.
43  multiple and severe disability
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
AAC (1 time)
2007 The impact of partner training on the communicative involvement of students with multiple and severe disability in special schools.
44  multistate design
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CPD (3 times)
SSD (2 times)
MSD-FASTER (1 time)
2009 An efficient algorithm for multistate protein design based on FASTER.
45  Myelodysplastic syndromes
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EPO (2 times)
AML (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
1998 [Myelodysplasia in triplet pregnancy].
46  Master Standard Data
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
--- 1977 Quantity food production labor time.
47  maximum signal drop
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ROI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1997 Accuracy of gamma-variate fits to concentration-time curves from dynamic susceptibility-contrast enhanced MRI: influence of time resolution, maximal signal drop and signal-to-noise.
48  mean spike duration
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
MNPPS (3 times)
MSF (3 times)
sEMG (3 times)
2007 Modelling fibrillation potentials--analysis of time parameters in the muscle intracellular action potential.
49  mean splenic dose
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
RT (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2017 Does Unintentional Splenic Radiation Predict Outcomes After Pancreatic Cancer Radiation Therapy?
50  median survival day
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
SP (4 times)
PP (3 times)
EP (1 time)
1993 Role of macrophages in experimental malaria: I. Development of immunobioassay indicators.
51  Medical Stores Department
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2014 A cross-sectional pilot study assessing needs and attitudes to implementation of Information and Communication Technology for rational use of medicines among healthcare staff in rural Tanzania.
52  methionine-supplemented diet
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DNMT (1 time)
MAD (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
2014 Dietary L-methionine supplementation mitigates gamma-radiation induced global DNA hypomethylation: enhanced metabolic flux towards S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) biosynthesis increases genomic methylation potential.
53  minimum sagittal diameter
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CSM (2 times)
AOI (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
1989 Follow-up study of atlanto-axial instability in Down's syndrome without separate odontoid process.
54  mitochondrial swelling degree
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MDA (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2008 [Effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate on antioxidation of canine myocardium during ichemia/reperfusion injury].
55  Motor and Social Development
(4 times)
Perinatology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
NLSCY (1 time)
2002 Birthweight and gestational age effects on motor and social development.
56  multiple synthetic derivatives
(4 times)
Breeding
(2 times)
GWA (1 time)
MTAs (1 time)
2017 Wheat multiple synthetic derivatives: a new source for heat stress tolerance adaptive traits.
57  Mutism and Subsequent Dysarthria
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PFS (1 time)
1999 Tumour type and size are high risk factors for the syndrome of "cerebellar" mutism and subsequent dysarthria.
58  master sex determining
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AMH (2 times)
gsdf (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2019 Identification of the master sex determining gene in Northern pike (Esox lucius) reveals restricted sex chromosome differentiation.
59  mechanical shaver debridement
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
KOOS (2 times)
RFC (2 times)
QoL (1 time)
2008 Arthroscopic knee chondroplasty using a bipolar radiofrequency-based device compared to mechanical shaver: results of a prospective, randomized, controlled study.
60  mechanosensitive domain
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
GPIb (1 time)
LRRD (1 time)
2015 Dimerization of glycoprotein Ibalpha is not sufficient to induce platelet clearance.
61  Mediterranean-style diet
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IR (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
2014 Mediterranean-style diet reduces metabolic syndrome components in obese children and adolescents with obesity.
62  Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
POC (1 time)
2012 Clinical validation of a point-of-care multiplexed in vitro immunoassay using monoclonal antibodies (the MSD influenza test) in four hospitals in Vietnam.
63  Meta Salud Diabetes
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CVD (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2018 Meta Salud Diabetes study protocol: a cluster-randomised trial to reduce cardiovascular risk among a diabetic population of Mexico.
64  mini-scleral design
(3 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
BSCVA (1 time)
HOAs (1 time)
INTACS (1 time)
2011 Fitting an MSD (mini scleral design) rigid contact lens in advanced keratoconus with INTACS.
65  modified sphygmomanometer dynamometer
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
MET (2 times)
AI (1 time)
NDI (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of neck muscle strength with a modified sphygmomanometer dynamometer: reliability and validity.
66  molsidomine
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GTN (2 times)
NO (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1995 In vitro generation and decomposition of S-nitrosothiols from direct and indirect nitric oxide donors.
67  morphological shape decomposition
(3 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(2 times)
MST (1 time)
ROPD (1 time)
SPIHT (1 time)
1996 Efficient morphological shape representation.
68  most successful dose
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
--- 2006 Optimal designs for estimating the most successful dose.
69  multiplicative standard deviation
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
CPMG (1 time)
DISST (1 time)
2010 Design and clinical pilot testing of the model-based dynamic insulin sensitivity and secretion test (DISST).
70  multiseries DICOM
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
DICOM (2 times)
IPID (1 time)
MFD (1 time)
2013 Multi-series DICOM: an extension of DICOM that stores a whole study in a single object.
71  musculoskeletal system diseases
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CNSD (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2004 [Evaluation of individual predisposition to development of musculoskeletal system diseases].
72  magnetron-sputtering deposition
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
SA (2 times)
DF (1 time)
EDF (1 time)
2021 Indium selenide saturable absorber for high-energy nanosecond Q-switched pulse generation.
73  major splice donor site
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LTR (2 times)
HIV-1 (1 time)
MoMLV (1 time)
1997 The HIV-1 5' LTR poly(A) site is inactivated by U1 snRNP interaction with the downstream major splice donor site.
74  mango sudden decline
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MaxEnt (1 time)
2016 Mapping Global Potential Risk of Mango Sudden Decline Disease Caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata.
75  manual delineations
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2020 Deep learning for elective neck delineation: More consistent and time efficient.
76  maple syrup disease
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2002 Diagnosis and treatment of maple syrup disease: a study of 36 patients.
77  Martin--Synge distribution
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
1976 Multiple liquid-liquid partition. II. Theory of Martin--Synge distribution (MSD).
78  mass storage devices
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
SPME (1 time)
USB (1 time)
2017 Feasibility of Canine Detection of Mass Storage Devices: A Study of Volatile Organic Compounds Emanating from Electronic Devices Using Solid Phase Microextraction.
79  matched signal detection
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
NC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2013 Matched signal detection on graphs: theory and application to brain network classification.
80  maternal and social deprivation
(2 times)
Child Welfare
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
EU-SILC (1 time)
NSCs (1 time)
2018 Towards an EU measure of child deprivation.
81  maximum signal difference
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
WOS (2 times)
AUGC (1 time)
AUWI (1 time)
2017 Standardized Index of Shape (DCE-MRI) and Standardized Uptake Value (PET/CT): Two quantitative approaches to discriminate chemo-radiotherapy locally advanced rectal cancer responders under a functional profile.
82  maximum skin absorbed dose
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DAP (2 times)
AK (1 time)
CAK (1 time)
2016 [Multicenter Study on Evaluation of the Entrance Skin Dose by a Direct Measurement Method in Cardiac Interventional Procedures].
83  maximum symmetric surface distance
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
VOE (2 times)
2016 Automatic 3D liver location and segmentation via convolutional neural network and graph cut.
84  Maxing Shigan Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
2016 [Effects of Maxing Shigan Decoction Decocted by Different Methods and Its Drug Containing Serum on Neuraminidase Activity of Influenza A Virus].
85  mean survival time in days
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
H2N2 (2 times)
i.p (1 time)
1994 The antiviral effect of keishi-ni-eppi-ichi-to, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on influenza A2(H2N2) virus infection in mice.
86  Medical Students' Disease
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SHAI (1 time)
2016 Health-Related Anxiety and Hypochondriacal Concerns in Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan.
87  meglumine sodium diatrizoate
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CBF (1 time)
LVEDD (1 time)
LVESD (1 time)
1980 Effects of ionic and nonionic contrast agents on left ventricular and extracellular fluid dynamics during angiocardiography in an infant model.
88  melanoma-specific deaths
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ICPI (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2011 High lymphatic vessel density and lymphatic invasion underlie the adverse prognostic effect of radial growth phase regression in melanoma.
89  Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
GOL (1 time)
IFX (1 time)
2015 Implant site Nexplanon reaction?
90  mercury-specific DNA
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
cDNA (1 time)
Cys (1 time)
2012 A highly sensitive and selective competition assay for the detection of cysteine using mercury-specific DNA, Hg and Sybr Green I.
91  mesh size distributions
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2008 Diffusion in mesoporous materials and polymers swelling: a transient calorimetric approach.
92  methyl-sufficient diet
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MDD (2 times)
5-MedC (1 time)
dC (1 time)
2010 Global DNA methylation in the mouse liver is affected by methyl deficiency and arsenic in a sex-dependent manner.
93  methyl-supplemented diet
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
1993 Lipotrope-modified diets enhance nitrosomethylurea-induced mammary carcinogenesis in female rats.
94  methylated site display
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
MSRE (1 time)
2017 Methylated site display (MSD)-AFLP, a sensitive and affordable method for analysis of CpG methylation profiles.
95  microscopic disease
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCT (1 time)
TCP (1 time)
2014 A simulation framework for modeling tumor control probability in breast conserving therapy.
96  microstructural deformation
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
OCE (1 time)
PS-OCE (1 time)
PS-OCT (1 time)
2019 Compression optical coherence elastography with two-dimensional displacement measurement and local deformation visualization.
97  microsurgical discectomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MED (1 time)
2000 [Results of the disk microsurgery of lumbar herniated nucleus pulposus].
98  microwave steam distillation
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
HD (1 time)
MHG (1 time)
2008 Improved microwave steam distillation apparatus for isolation of essential oils. Comparison with conventional steam distillation.
99  middle spermatic duct
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aELH-ir (1 time)
alpha 2M (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
2017 Alpha-2 macroglobulin as a region-specific secretory protein in male reproductive tract, and its dynamics during sperm transit toward the female spermatheca in the blue crab.
100  midshaft diameter
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
ANC (1 time)
AND (1 time)
BEW (1 time)
2014 Regression equation for estimation of length of humerus from its mophometry in a Nigerian population.