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Abbreviation: NA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
noradrenaline
(5442 times)
Pharmacology
(1767 times)
DA (1124 times)
5-HT (413 times)
ACh (304 times)
1957 Blood pressure and urinary excretion of nor-adrenaline (NA).
neuraminidase
(1856 times)
Virology
(724 times)
HA (939 times)
NP (88 times)
IAV (55 times)
1972 A 2 (N2) neuraminidase of the X-7 influenza virus recombinant: determination of molecular size and subunit composition of the active unit.
negative affect
(577 times)
Psychology
(213 times)
PA (243 times)
SI (47 times)
PANAS (19 times)
1988 Negative affect smoking and smoking relapse.
nucleos(t)ide analogue
(287 times)
Gastroenterology
(110 times)
HBV (112 times)
CHB (106 times)
HCC (52 times)
1998 Prevalence of genotypic resistance to nucleoside analogues in antiretroviral-naive and antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected patients in Spain.
noradrenergic
(265 times)
Neurology
(109 times)
LC (45 times)
DA (42 times)
NE (29 times)
1975 Effects of amphetamine isomers and neuroleptics on self-stimulation from the nucleus accumbens and dorsal noradrenergic bundle.
nicotinic acid
(263 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
FFA (26 times)
NAM (23 times)
TG (15 times)
1968 Comparison of the antilipemic effect of nicotinic acid (NA) and 3-methylpyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (MPC) in rats.
numerical aperture
(256 times)
Ophthalmology
(164 times)
FOV (8 times)
OCT (8 times)
FWHM (6 times)
1975 Low-Loss FEP-Clad Silica Fibers.
nicotinamide
(243 times)
Crystallography
(34 times)
STZ (23 times)
NAS (17 times)
DMA (13 times)
1979 Nicotinamide modulation of rat pancreatic islet cell responsiveness in vitro.
nucleus ambiguus
(222 times)
Neurology
(80 times)
NTS (52 times)
HRP (31 times)
DMV (28 times)
1976 Fiber components of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in the cat.
10  nucleus accumbens
(205 times)
Neurology
(70 times)
DA (58 times)
VTA (28 times)
ST (20 times)
1980 Suppression of attack behavior in cats by stimulation of ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens.
11  North American
(186 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
EU (44 times)
SA (20 times)
NZ (16 times)
1990 Identification of monoclonal antibodies capable of differentiating antigenic varieties of eastern equine encephalitis viruses.
12  nucleic acid
(180 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
PCR (12 times)
NC (11 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
1977 In vitro effect of duclauxin and derivatives of coumarin on nucleic acid and protein synthesis in Ehrlich's Ascites Carcinoma cells (EAC).
13  nalidixic acid
(139 times)
Communicable Diseases
(28 times)
OFLX (19 times)
NFLX (18 times)
CPFX (16 times)
1969 R factor transmission in vivo.
14  neutralizing antibody
(123 times)
Virology
(31 times)
PCV2 (11 times)
PRRSV (10 times)
HIV (7 times)
1978 Immunological studies of heat-labile virus inhibitors. I. Specificity of absorption onto sensitive viruses and specific response after virus infections.
15  nuclear area
(100 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CA (24 times)
NP (11 times)
SDNA (9 times)
1985 Changes in DNA and in nuclear and nucleolar dry mass and area in senescing parenchyma cells of corn cob and stalk tissues.
16  nonadherent
(68 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
NK (7 times)
IFN (4 times)
NP (4 times)
1976 Studies on mechanisms of immobilization of mononuclear cells in the delayed hypersensitivity (DH) reaction.
17  neuralgic amyotrophy
(55 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
HEV (5 times)
BP (3 times)
BDP (2 times)
1991 [Recurrent amyotrophic neuralgia with an unusual clinical expression. Clinical and electrophysiological study].
18  Native American
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NHW (12 times)
ARTP (9 times)
BMI (8 times)
1980 Blood pressure of urban Native American school children.
19  nuclear abnormalities
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
MN (35 times)
BN (3 times)
CF (3 times)
1984 Site-specific induction of nuclear anomalies (apoptotic bodies and micronuclei) by carcinogens in mice.
20  nucleus angularis
(42 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
NL (22 times)
NM (22 times)
SON (7 times)
1975 The cochlear nuclei of lizards.
21  naphthalene
(41 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
gamma-GCS (3 times)
OM (3 times)
WT (3 times)
1995 Formation of epoxide and quinone protein adducts in B6C3F1 mice treated with naphthalene, sulfate conjugate of 1,4-dihydroxynaphthalene and 1,4-naphthoquinone.
22  Narcotics Anonymous
(41 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(31 times)
AA (28 times)
PDA (3 times)
HLMs (2 times)
1985 Narcotics anonymous: its history, structure, and approach.
23  naphthenic acid
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
OSPW (11 times)
BA (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
1979 Microdetermination of naphthionic acid in serum and amniotic fluid.
24  Nephrogenic adenoma
(37 times)
Pathology
(12 times)
AMACR (2 times)
PAX8 (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
1992 [Nephrogenic adenoma of the upper and lower urinary tract. Apropos of 22 cases].
25  high-numerical-aperture
(35 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
DAC (2 times)
DOF (2 times)
BNAs (1 time)
1993 Methods for large data volumes from confocal scanning laser microscopy of lung.
26  normoalbuminuria
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
MA (25 times)
DN (6 times)
AER (4 times)
1999 The natural history of microalbuminuria in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
27  nutrient agar
(30 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
CFU (2 times)
MIC (2 times)
NB (2 times)
1978 [Study on the rapid, secondary-growth mutants of Staphylococcus epidermidis (author's transl)].
28  natural attenuation
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
BS (4 times)
PAHs (4 times)
TPH (4 times)
2001 Risk-based monitored natural attenuation--a case study.
29  N-nitrosamines
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
NDMA (6 times)
NDEA (2 times)
Ach (1 time)
1974 [Nitrosamines (NA) in the atmospheric air and in the air at the places of employment (author's transl)].
30  norethindrone acetate
(24 times)
Gynecology
(7 times)
EE (10 times)
PROG (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
1979 Studies on the effects of ethinyl estradiol and norethisterone acetate on the adrenal cortex and some other tissues in the rat.
31  Norberg angle
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
DI (8 times)
CHD (4 times)
DLS (4 times)
1993 Coxofemoral joint laxity from distraction radiography and its contemporaneous and prospective correlation with laxity, subjective score, and evidence of degenerative joint disease from conventional hip-extended radiography in dogs.
32  nonadiabatic
(21 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
ET (5 times)
CB (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2005 Ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics of the ultrafast electron injection across the alizarin-TiO2 interface.
33  negative appendectomy
(20 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
CT (5 times)
AA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2002 The clinical and economic correlates of misdiagnosed appendicitis: nationwide analysis.
34  neuraxial anesthesia
(20 times)
Anesthesiology
(15 times)
GA (11 times)
CD (3 times)
BT (2 times)
1996 Ankylosing spondylitis and neuraxial anaesthesia--a 10 year review.
35  non-acclimated
(20 times)
Botany
(11 times)
CA (13 times)
ACC (4 times)
CAT (2 times)
1984 Behavior of the Plasma Membrane of Isolated Protoplasts during a Freeze-Thaw Cycle.
36  nonathletes
(20 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
EA (8 times)
BMD (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1989 The impact of previous athleticism on exercise habits, physical fitness, and coronary heart disease risk factors in middle-aged men.
37  nocturnal asthma
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
NNA (8 times)
FEV1 (2 times)
HBC (2 times)
1982 The relationship of gastroesophageal reflux to nocturnal wheezing in children with asthma.
38  N-acetyl
(18 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
Cr (11 times)
Cho (9 times)
ALS (2 times)
1993 Alzheimer disease: depiction of increased cerebral myo-inositol with proton MR spectroscopy.
39  nonallergic
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
PA (5 times)
GI (2 times)
IDA (2 times)
1982 Anergy and altered lymphocyte function in the injured patient.
40  native
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
HDA (4 times)
EM (3 times)
AA (1 time)
1997 Stunting syndrome in broilers: effect of glucose or maltose supplementation on digestive organs, intestinal disaccharidases, and some blood metabolites.
41  neoadjuvant
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
pCR (4 times)
cCR (3 times)
CPR (3 times)
1990 Cisplatin-based chemotherapy in advanced basal and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin: results in 28 patients including 13 patients receiving multimodality therapy.
42  Neuroacanthocytosis
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ChAc (6 times)
PKAN (5 times)
MLS (4 times)
1999 Neuroacanthocytosis masquerading as Huntington's disease: CT/MRI findings.
43  nursing assistants
(16 times)
Nursing
(10 times)
RN (4 times)
LPN (2 times)
ABH (1 time)
1990 Institutional staff training and management: a review of the literature and a model for geriatric, long-term-care facilities.
44  neoatherosclerosis
(15 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
DES (5 times)
OCT (4 times)
BES (2 times)
2012 Predictors for neoatherosclerosis: a retrospective observational study from the optical coherence tomography registry.
45  nitrogenase activity
(15 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
BSCs (3 times)
AMF (1 time)
BAs (1 time)
1987 Diel interactions of oxygenic photosynthesis and n(2) fixation (acetylene reduction) in a marine microbial mat community.
46  nitrous acid
(15 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
NG (3 times)
HA (2 times)
mt (2 times)
1969 Recognition of altered deoxyribonucleic acid in recombination.
47  N-acetylaspartate
(14 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
Cho (9 times)
Cr (5 times)
Cre (5 times)
1995 Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in children with acute central nervous system injury.
48  negative
(14 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
PA (3 times)
AS (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
2003 Relations of positive and negative affectivity to anxiety and depression in children: evidence from a latent variable longitudinal study.
49  nerve agents
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AChE (2 times)
SM (2 times)
4PHA (1 time)
2000 Anaesthesia and critical care considerations in nerve agent warfare trauma casualties.
50  niflumic acid
(14 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AR (2 times)
MPA (2 times)
NPPB (2 times)
1985 Simultaneous measurement of toxicity and mutagenic activity.
51  non-arthritic
(14 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
OA (9 times)
RA (4 times)
GAG (3 times)
1991 Cellular and humoral reactivity pattern to the mycobacterial heat shock protein hsp65 in pristane induced arthritis susceptible and hsp65 protected DBA/1 mice.
52  nonanoic acid
(14 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
HCA (2 times)
LLNA (2 times)
PCa (2 times)
1998 Epidermal Langerhans cell apoptosis is induced in vivo by nonanoic acid but not by sodium lauryl sulphate.
53  noradrenaline-storing
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SGC (2 times)
PAP (1 time)
PNMT (1 time)
1976 The blood supply of the mammalian adrenal medulla: a comparative study.
54  normal aging
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (9 times)
MCI (3 times)
Ta (2 times)
1975 Metabolic and respiratory responses during Helox-induced hypothermia in the white rat.
55  1-naphthylamine
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2-AAF (2 times)
DA (2 times)
DMBA (2 times)
1977 [Studies of sulfhemoglobin formation by various drugs (3) (author's transl)].
56  niacin
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
NAM (3 times)
NUA (3 times)
2-pyr (2 times)
1992 Effects of niacin on bleomycin-induced increases in myeloperoxidase, prolyl hydroxylase, and superoxide dismutase activities and collagen accumulation in the lungs of hamsters.
57  nonadopted
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
PI (4 times)
AA (2 times)
HPA (2 times)
2003 Increased thermoregulatory responsiveness in cold adapted but not in hyperthyroid hypermetabolic rats.
58  normal appearing
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MS (8 times)
WM (7 times)
MRI (6 times)
2006 Influence of aging on brain gray and white matter changes assessed by conventional, MT, and DT MRI.
59  4-nitroaniline
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
DHB (3 times)
cat (2 times)
CHCA (2 times)
1985 Nitroreductase-dependent mutagenicity of p-nitrophenylhydroxylamine and its N-acetyl and N-formyl hydroxamic acids.
60  needle aspiration
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1982 Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy and percutaneous needle lung aspiration for evaluating the solitary pulmonary nodule.
61  nervonic acid
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DHA (4 times)
AA (3 times)
EPA (3 times)
1997 The inhibitory action of fatty acids on DNA polymerase beta.
62  normally achieving
(11 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
LD (5 times)
RD (2 times)
SLD (2 times)
1976 A component analysis of attentional problems of educationally handicapped boys.
63  nuclear aberration
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DMH (3 times)
CY (2 times)
DAS (2 times)
1984 Human fecal fractions can produce nuclear damage in the colonic epithelial cells of mice.
64  19-norandrosterone
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
NE (5 times)
15 alpha OH-NA (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1989 Distinction between oral and parenteral application of 19-nortestosterone by residue analysis in kidney fat from veal calves using high-performance liquid chromatography and enzyme immunoassay.
65  naturally aged
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
DG (3 times)
FO (3 times)
MA (3 times)
2009 Soy isoflavones attenuate oxidative stress and improve parameters related to aging and Alzheimer's disease in C57BL/6J mice treated with D-galactose.
66  neutrophil antigen
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FcgammaRIIIb (2 times)
FcR III (2 times)
IgG (2 times)
1989 Sequences of complementary DNAs that encode the NA1 and NA2 forms of Fc receptor III on human neutrophils.
67  nonasthmatic
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AS (2 times)
ASM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2000 The airway longitudinal elastic fiber network and mucosal folding in patients with asthma.
68  nonatopic
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
AD (4 times)
ALA (1 time)
ANKRD1 (1 time)
1988 Occurrence and subclass distribution of IgG antibodies to dietary antigens in children with atopic dermatitis and in their mothers.
69  normal adrenal
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
APA (7 times)
CPA (2 times)
IHA (2 times)
1998 Immunoreactive endothelin-1 and its receptors in human adrenal tissues.
70  N-acetyl compounds
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
Cho (5 times)
mI (5 times)
Cr (4 times)
1994 Proton spectroscopy of human stroke: assessment of transverse relaxation times and partial volume effects in single volume steam MRS.
71  Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ENA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2000 Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: true neoplasm or vascular malformation?
72  neointimal area
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
Hhcy (2 times)
IVUS (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2002 Relationship between residual atheroma burden and neointimal growth in patients undergoing stenting: analysis of the atherectomy before MULTI-LINK improves lumen gain and clinical outcomes trial intravascular ultrasound substudy.
73  NeutrAvidin
(9 times)
Colloids
(2 times)
XPS (2 times)
b-ProG (1 time)
CPMV (1 time)
2003 Substrate-mediated DNA delivery: role of the cationic polymer structure and extent of modification.
74  non-anxious
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ADs (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2002 Deductive and inductive reasoning in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
75  noradrenaline concentration
(9 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PRA (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1975 [Experimental findings on tyramine-dependent release of noradrenaline in various parts of the heart under the influence of practolol].
76  4-nitrophenyl acetate
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
BNPC (2 times)
BNPP (2 times)
ZnL (2 times)
1997 Carboxy and Phosphate Esters Cleavage with Mono- and Dinuclear Zinc(II) Macrocyclic Complexes in Aqueous Solution. Crystal Structure of [Zn(2)L1(&mgr;-PP)(2)(MeOH)(2)](ClO(4))(2) (L1 = [30]aneN(6)O(4), PP(-) = Diphenyl Phosphate).
77  N-acetyl groups
(8 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
Cr (5 times)
Cho (4 times)
MRS (4 times)
1995 Persistent functional deficit in multiple sclerosis and autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia is associated with axon loss.
78  neonatally androgenized
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BLD (4 times)
PRL (3 times)
AP (1 time)
1981 The influence of estrogen administration on plasma prolactin levels in the neonatally androgenized (NA) female rat.
79  neutrophilic asthma
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
BALF (5 times)
OVA (3 times)
EOS (2 times)
2011 Systemic upregulation of neutrophil alpha-defensins and serine proteases in neutrophilic asthma.
80  nevus anemicus
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
NF1 (4 times)
JXG (2 times)
CALMs (1 time)
1996 The clinical spectrum of naevus anaemicus and its association with port wine stains: report of 15 cases and a review of the literature.
81  Nw-nitro-L-arginine
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NO (6 times)
NAME (4 times)
NMDA (3 times)
1992 Nitric oxide control of steroidogenesis: endocrine effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine and comparisons to alcohol.
82  1,8-naphthalic anhydride
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ClNA (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
cyt P450 (1 time)
1990 Uptake and phytotoxicity of the herbicide metsulfuron methyl in corn root tissue in the presence of the safener 1,8-naphthalic anhydride.
83  anti-neuraminidase
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
HA (4 times)
HAI (2 times)
NI (2 times)
2003 Neuraminidase assays.
84  natural antibodies
(7 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
AEC (1 time)
DSPG (1 time)
GSL (1 time)
1979 Natural antibodies in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections.
85  nerve activity
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
MBP (2 times)
RNDe (2 times)
CS (1 time)
1981 Coarctation of the aorta and baroreceptor resetting. A study of carotid baroreceptor stimulus-response characteristics before and after surgical repair in the dog.
86  Network alignment
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
MNA (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
2015 Global Network Alignment in the Context of Aging.
87  neuraminidase activity
(7 times)
Virology
(3 times)
HA (3 times)
NDV (3 times)
HN (2 times)
1973 Thermal inactivation of Newcastle disease virus. I. Coupled inactivation rates of hemagglutinating and neuraminidase activities.
88  neuraminidase gene
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CEF (2 times)
IFA (2 times)
HA (1 time)
2012 Rapid identification of neuraminidase inhibitor resistance mutations in seasonal influenza virus A(H1N1), A(H1N1)2009, and A(H3N2) subtypes by melting point analysis.
89  neuropathic arthropathy
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MRI (1 time)
RA (1 time)
UNE (1 time)
2007 Syringomyelia, neuropathic arthropathy and rheumatoid arthritis as diagnostic dilemmas in two different cases: confounding factor and true coexistence.
90  nitric acid
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BO (2 times)
BALT (1 time)
BLAF (1 time)
2005 Nitric acid-induced bronchiolitis in rats mimics childhood Bronchiolitis obliterans.
91  non-aestivation
(7 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DA (4 times)
AA (2 times)
DEGs (2 times)
2000 Aspiration vs nonaspiration technique of cytodiagnosis--a critical evaluation in 160 cases.
92  nonalcoholic
(7 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
AL (1 time)
BDHI (1 time)
1976 A method to study short-term memory (STM) in the goldfish.
93  North Atlantic
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
ENP (1 time)
GC (1 time)
IPO (1 time)
2007 The origin, evolution, and diversification of rockfishes of the genus Sebastes (Cuvier).
94  nuclear
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CA (8 times)
EPMA (1 time)
ETES (1 time)
1990 Quantitative exfoliative cytology of normal buccal mucosa: effect of smoking.
95  nurse aide
(7 times)
Community Networks
(2 times)
RN (4 times)
LPN (3 times)
AP (1 time)
2004 Relationship of nursing home staffing to quality of care.
96  Nagase analbuminemic
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SD (6 times)
AHF (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
1992 Albuminuria is not an aggravating factor in experimental focal glomerulosclerosis and hyalinosis.
97  needle aponeurotomy
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CCH (1 time)
DC (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2012 Needle aponeurotomy in Dupuytren's disease.
98  neuraminic acid
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
BTV (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
1967 Intracellular synthesis of myxovirus neuraminidase in chick embryo cell monolayer culture. I. Neuraminidase activity, hemagglutinin synthesis, and content of cellbound sialic acid in Newcastle disease virus-infected cells.
99  neuraminidase protein
(6 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HA (3 times)
AIV (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1983 Effects of hexose starvation and the role of sialic acid in influenza virus release.
100  nicotine addiction
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AEI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2009 [Pregnant women and smoking: descriptive study and prognostic factors to stop smoking during pregnancy].