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Abbreviation: NAD
Appearance Frequency: 1549 time(s)
Long forms: 170

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
(1215 times)
Biochemistry
(177 times)
NADP (85 times)
NAMPT (65 times)
ATP (62 times)
1963 PHAGOCYTOSIS INHIBITION AND REVERSAL. I. EFFECT OF GLYCOLYTIC INTERMEDIATES AND NUCLEOTIDES ON PARTICLE UPTAKE.
neuroaxonal dystrophy
(40 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
STZ (5 times)
CCA (3 times)
SMG (3 times)
1975 A fine structural study of degenerative changes in the dorsal column nuclei of aging mice. Lack of protection by vitamin E.
non-adherent
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AD (7 times)
ADH (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1978 Virus-replicating T cells in the immune response of mice. III. Role of vesicular stomatitis virus-replicating T cells in the antibody response.
neoadjuvant androgen deprivation
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
IMRT (2 times)
2003 Neoadjuvant androgen deprivation and prostate gland shrinkage during conformal radiotherapy.
non-AD
(10 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(3 times)
AD (6 times)
IL (3 times)
SMC (3 times)
2003 The effects of Asian Dust on particulate matter fractionation in Seoul, Korea during spring 2001.
non-Alzheimer dementia
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
AD (9 times)
CI (2 times)
A-MMSE (1 time)
1991 Na+/Ca2+ exchange activity is increased in Alzheimer's disease brain tissues.
nadolol
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
APs (1 time)
BUC (1 time)
1986 Effects of bucumolol, nadolol and nifenalol on maximum upstroke velocity of action potential in guinea pig papillary muscles.
neck pain and associated disorders
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
OPTIMa (6 times)
WAD (5 times)
CAD (1 time)
2014 Does structured patient education improve the recovery and clinical outcomes of patients with neck pain? A systematic review from the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration.
natural abundance deuterium
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PBLG (2 times)
BTPH (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
2006 Assignment of absolute configuration of natural abundance deuterium signals associated with (R)- and (S)-enantioisotopomers in a fatty acid aligned in a chiral liquid crystal: enantioselective synthesis and NMR analysis.
10  nicotinamide
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
STZ (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
AmDHs (1 time)
2003 Effect of combining nicotinamide as a PARS-inhibitor with selective iNOS blockade during porcine endotoxemia.
11  new antigenic determinant
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
BSA (3 times)
MIg (3 times)
CY (2 times)
1975 Antibody formation in the mouse induced by hapten-carrier complexes.
12  non-accidental death
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PTB (2 times)
AL (1 time)
CER (1 time)
2013 Heat waves and health outcomes in Alabama (USA): the importance of heat wave definition.
13  NADH dehydrogenase
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
mtDNA (2 times)
cAR1 (1 time)
cTnT (1 time)
1999 Transient expression of a mitochondrial gene cluster including rps4 is essential for the phase-shift of Dictyostelium cells from growth to differentiation.
14  neutrophil actin dysfunction
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CR3 (1 time)
HCL (1 time)
LSP1 (1 time)
1988 Neutrophil actin dysfunction is a genetic disorder associated with partial impairment of neutrophil actin assembly in three family members.
15  nitric acid dihydrate
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ESEM (1 time)
HB (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2006 Orientation effects on nitric acid dihydrate films.
16  nonactive disease
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
LCH (3 times)
AD (2 times)
CTCAE v4.0, 2009 (1 time)
2013 Assessment of disease activity by patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the parents compared to the assessment by pediatric rheumatologists.
17  nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CME (1 time)
1986 [Treatment of psoriatic arthritis with gold salts (chrysotherapy)].
18  normalized absolute difference
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MAR (2 times)
REL (2 times)
SSD (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of the automatic three-dimensional delineation of caudate and putamen for PET receptor occupancy studies.
19  NACHT-associated domain
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (1 time)
ILF2 (1 time)
LRR (1 time)
2014 NLRP7 inter-domain interactions: the NACHT-associated domain is the physical mediator for oligomeric assembly.
20  nanopaper-based analytical device
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BC (2 times)
CEBC (2 times)
bio (1 time)
2019 Lab-on-nanopaper: An optical sensing bioplatform based on curcumin embedded in bacterial nanocellulose as an albumin assay kit.
21  Neuraxial Analgesia Delivery
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
SVD (1 time)
2022 Neuraxial analgesia interfered with the circadian rhythm of labor: a propensity score matched cohort study.
22  non-Asian dust
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
HLB (1 time)
HULIS (1 time)
2015 Size distribution and sources of humic-like substances in particulate matter at an urban site during winter.
23  nonaqueous dispersion
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ATRP (1 time)
EHA (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2012 One-step preparation of uniform cane-ball shaped water-swellable microgels containing poly(N-vinyl formamide).
24  Nuremberg Alliance against Depression
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FCM (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
ICER (1 time)
2006 The alliance against depression: 2-year evaluation of a community-based intervention to reduce suicidality.
25  (STZ)-nicotinamide
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
STZ (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
2019 Coriandrum sativum seeds extract mitigate progression of diabetic nephropathy in experimental rats via AGEs inhibition.
26  2-(1-naphthyl) acetamide
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Photochemical degradation of the plant growth regulator 2-(1-naphthyl) acetamide in aqueous solution upon UV irradiation.
27  N-acetyldopamine
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
NAS (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
2005 Immune-modulating effects of melatonin, N-acetylserotonin, and N-acetyldopamine.
28  N-terminal activation domain
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
HIF1alpha (1 time)
1999 Molecular mechanisms of transcription activation by HLF and HIF1alpha in response to hypoxia: their stabilization and redox signal-induced interaction with CBP/p300.
29  N-terminus acidic domain
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2001 Inhibition of breast and brain cancer cell growth by BCCIPalpha, an evolutionarily conserved nuclear protein that interacts with BRCA2.
30  NAD dimers
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CpI (1 time)
CpII (1 time)
CpIII (1 time)
1985 Oxidation of NAD dimers by horseradish peroxidase.
31  nadifloxacin
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CLN (1 time)
EGSS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2017 Stability-Indicating UPLC Method for the Estimation of Nadifloxacin, Terbinafine Hydrochloride, Mometasone Furoate, Methyl Paraben, and Propyl Paraben in Topical Pharmaceutical Dosage Form.
32  nasal axis deviation
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NHD (2 times)
ROE (1 time)
ROEQ (1 time)
2014 Comparative analysis of nasal deformities according to patient satisfaction.
33  neoadjuvant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CHT (1 time)
LAGC (1 time)
2007 Neoadjuvant, surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy without radiation for esophageal cancer.
34  neoadjuvant AD
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AAD (2 times)
bDFS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2005 Risk-adapted androgen deprivation and escalated three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer: Does radiation dose influence outcome of patients treated with adjuvant androgen deprivation? A GICOR study.
35  neoandrographolide
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
14-DAD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2020 [Effects of different harvesting and processing methods on quality of Andrographis Herba].
36  Neurogenic autonomic dysfunction
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2018 [Neurogenic autonomic dysfunction in primary amyliodosis].
37  Nevi with architectural disorder and cytologic atypia of melanocytes
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
mel-CSPG (1 time)
2003 Expression of the proteoglycans versican and mel-CSPG in dysplastic nevi.
38  nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, oxidized form
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
NADP (1 time)
NADPH (1 time)
2008 The malate-aspartate NADH shuttle components are novel metabolic longevity regulators required for calorie restriction-mediated life span extension in yeast.
39  non-AD dementias
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
CON (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2001 Intra vitam lumbar and post mortem ventricular cerebrospinal fluid immunoreactive interleukin-6 in Alzheimer's disease patients.
40  non-adjacent
(2 times)
Periodontal Diseases
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
BW (1 time)
FGM (1 time)
2011 Clinical evaluation of the biological width following surgical crown-lengthening procedure: A prospective study.
41  non-Aids-defining
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2000 Malignancy in HIV/AIDs: a single hospital experience.
42  non-alcohol drink
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
KOBE (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CWI (1 time)
2019 Daily Habit of Water Intake in Patients with Cerebral Infarction before its Onset; Comparison with a Healthy Population: A Cross-Sectional Study.
43  non-Alzheimer's disease dementia
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MMSE (3 times)
AD (2 times)
aMCI (1 time)
2013 Improvement of dementia screening accuracy of mini-mental state examination by education-adjustment and supplementation of frontal assessment battery performance.
44  non-linear anisotropic diffusion
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
2012 Improving the quality of electron tomography image volumes using pre-reconstruction filtering.
45  nonadrenal diseases
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
CHF (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2015 Urinary and plasma catecholamines and metanephrines in dogs with pheochromocytoma, hypercortisolism, nonadrenal disease and in healthy dogs.
46  normalized area of difference
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CWA (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
1992 Separation of ventricular tachycardia from sinus rhythm using a practical, real-time template matching computer system.
47  notifiable avian disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LP (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AIV (1 time)
2018 Detection of non-notifiable H4N6 avian influenza virus in poultry in Great Britain.
48  nucleic acid detection
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BoHVs (1 time)
CF (1 time)
ELISAs (1 time)
2007 Microbiological diagnostic procedures in respiratory infections: mycobacterial infections.
49  nucleic acid diagnostics
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Rapid real-time PCR detection of Listeria monocytogenes in enriched food samples based on the ssrA gene, a novel diagnostic target.
50  1,4-dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ANM (1 time)
GNM (1 time)
SBD (1 time)
2015 Domain Motions and Functionally-Key Residues of L-Alanine Dehydrogenase Revealed by an Elastic Network Model.
51  1-naphthalenacetamide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
2008 Simultaneous spectrofluorimetric determination of 1-naphthylacetic acid and 1-naphthalenacetamide in commercial formulations and soil samples.
52  19-norandrostenedione
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADD (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2008 A new mixed micellar electrokinetic chromatography method for analysis of natural and synthetic anabolic steroids.
53  achieved no active disease
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
LCH (1 time)
MS (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2012 Therapeutic outcome of multifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis in adults treated with the Special C regimen formulated by the Japan LCH Study Group.
54  adenopathy, no abnormality detected
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
FNA FC (1 time)
2020 Differential Diagnosis of Malignant Lymphadenopathy Using Flow Cytometry on Fine Needle Aspirate: Report on 269 Cases.
55  Alliance Against Depression
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2009 Impact of a campaign on the public's attitudes towards depression.
56  beta-nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide oxidized
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DIA (1 time)
GDH (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2018 An enzyme-modified capillary as a platform for simultaneous fluorometric detection of d-glucose and l- lactate.
57  including alcohol dehydrogenase
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DGE (1 time)
2015 Digital gene expression analysis of male and female bud transition in Metasequoia reveals high activity of MADS-box transcription factors and hormone-mediated sugar pathways.
58  molecule-neoandrographolide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2018 Anti-cancer labdane diterpenoids from adventitious roots of Andrographis paniculata: augmentation of production prospect endowed with pathway gene expression.
59  N apparently digested
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CCC (1 time)
UN (1 time)
2021 Evaluation of nitrogen excretion equations for ryegrass pasture-fed dairy cows.
60  N-acetyl dapsone
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2016 Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Once-Daily Dapsone Gel, 7.5% in Patients With Moderate Acne Vulgaris.
61  N-acetyl-D-galactosaminide
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
2018 Mitogenic activity of Artocarpus lingnanensis lectin and its apoptosis induction in Jurkat T cells.
62  N-aminodeanol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DFP (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
1989 Prevention of physostigmine-, DFP-, and diazinon-induced acute toxicity by monoethylcholine and N-aminodeanol.
63  N-nitrosamides
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1997 [Comparison of total N-nitrosamides in fasting gastric juice from subjects in high and low risk areas for gastric cancer].
64  N-terminal additional domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
ChBD (1 time)
NAD-BglF (1 time)
2009 Additional carbohydrate-binding modules enhance the insoluble substrate-hydrolytic activity of beta-1,3-glucanase from alkaliphilic Nocardiopsis sp. F96.
65  N-terminal TAD
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CITED2 (1 time)
2011 CITED2 controls the hypoxic signaling by snatching p300 from the two distinct activation domains of HIF-1alpha.
66  NAD and the dependence of upsilon versus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Regulation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex from pigeon breast muscle].
67  NAD kinase with modified substrate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BAD (1 time)
2007 Probing binding requirements of NAD kinase with modified substrate (NAD) analogues.
68  NAD radical
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Reactions of the NAD radical with higher oxidation states of horseradish peroxidase.
69  NAD+ and instability of the species E
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1978 Kinetic studies of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from rabbit muscle.
70  NAD, bGAPDH
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
G3P (1 time)
GAPDH (1 time)
2014 High-resolution crystal structures of the photoreceptor glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) with three and four-bound NAD molecules.
71  NADase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Haemolysins and extracellular enzymes of Listeria monocytogenes and L. ivanovii.
72  NADH production remains low within the range feasible for rR
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
G6PDH (1 time)
2012 The cofactor preference of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli--modeling the physiological production of reduced cofactors.
73  NADP linked reaction by decreasing the activity ratios, v
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GDH (1 time)
1982 Regulation of coenzyme utilization by bovine liver glutamate dehydrogenase: investigations using thionicotinamide analogues of NAD and NADP in a dual wavelength assay.
74  NADPH in icd
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IDH (1 time)
NADP (1 time)
2011 Biochemical properties and physiological roles of NADP-dependent malic enzyme in Escherichia coli.
75  nadroparin calcium
(1 time)
LMWHs (1 time)
OL-HDF (1 time)
2021 Arterial Versus Venous Port Site Administration of Nadroparin for Preventing Thrombosis of Extracorporeal Blood Circuits in Patients Receiving Hemodiafiltration Treatment.
76  nalidixic acid
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
FAM (1 time)
MCR-ALS (1 time)
2014 Monitoring simultaneous photocatalytic-ozonation of mixture of pharmaceuticals in the presence of immobilized TiO2 nanoparticles using MCR-ALS: Identification of intermediates and multi-response optimization approach.
77  name of alpha-diketone reductase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1988 Purification and characterization of diacetyl-reducing enzymes from Staphylococcus aureus.
78  name of L-glycol dehydrogenase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Purification, characterization and some properties of diacetyl(acetoin) reductase from Enterobacter aerogenes.
79  Nanan District
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BBD (1 time)
JBD (1 time)
JLPD (1 time)
2008 Monitoring of atmospheric heavy metal deposition in Chongqing, China--based on moss bag technique.
80  Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Management of healthcare waste: developments in Southeast Asia in the twenty-first century.
81  nano adhesive dynamics
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evolution of Multivalent Nanoparticle Adhesion via Specific Molecular Interactions.
82  naphthylacetamide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
NOA (1 time)
SRM (1 time)
2013 Determination of naphthalene-derived compounds in apples by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
83  nasal acoustic device
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
2020 Diagnosing nasal obstruction and its common causes using the nasal acoustic device: A pilot study.
84  National Action program Diabetes
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2015 The implementation of national action program diabetes in the Netherlands: lessons learned.
85  National Administrative Data
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NHID (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
2019 Use of the National Health Information Database for Estimating Town-Level Mortality in Korea: Comparison with the National Administrative Data, 2014-2017.
86  National Audit of Dementia
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Dementia in an Acute Hospital Setting: Health Service Research to Profile Patient Characteristics and Predictors of Adverse Clinical Outcomes.
87  natural Asian dust
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
KC (1 time)
2005 Pulmonary toxicity induced by intratracheal instillation of Asian yellow dust (Kosa) in mice.
88  neck axis distance
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 Validation of neck axis distance as a radiographic measure for acetabular anteversion.
89  needle area density
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
STAR (1 time)
1993 Three dimensional distribution of needle and stem surface area in a Douglas-fir.
90  negative after depolarization
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1981 [Increase in the after-depolarization of a single node of Ranvier of isolated nerve fibers after application divalent (Ca2+, Ba2+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Ni2+) and trivalent (La2+) ions].
91  Neighborhood Average Difference
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
FRP (1 time)
2016 A Bevel Gear Quality Inspection System Based on Multi-Camera Vision Technology.
92  Nenetski Autonomous District
(1 time)
YNAD (1 time)
2021 The Comparative Analysis of the Ruminal Bacterial Population in Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) from the Russian Arctic Zone: Regional and Seasonal Effects.
93  neoadjuvant chemotherapy
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
ALND (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2017 Role of DWI assessing nodal involvement and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer.
94  neoadjuvant therapy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2020 A detailed analysis of the recurrence timing and pattern after curative surgery in patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy or upfront surgery for gastric cancer.
95  neoadventitia
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EEL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1999 Time course and importance of neoadventitial formation in arterial remodeling following balloon angioplasty of porcine coronary arteries.
96  neonatal abnormality departments
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
MRSE (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2007 [Microflora formation in the newborn in maternity hospitals and neonatal abnormality units].
97  Network Adaptive Deadband
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
NCS (1 time)
2012 Network Adaptive Deadband: NCS data flow control for shared networks.
98  neural activity data
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
aDBS (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2021 Researcher Perspectives on Data Sharing in Deep Brain Stimulation.
99  neural axis duplication
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
PKG (1 time)
1997 Localizing the adhesive and signaling functions of plakoglobin.
100  neuroleptic-induced acute dystonia
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
2001 Biperiden hydrochlorate ameliorates dystonia of rats produced by microinjection of sigma ligands into the red nucleus.