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Abbreviation: NAF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nipple aspirate fluid
(134 times)
Neoplasms
(90 times)
PSA (9 times)
BC (5 times)
CI (5 times)
1983 Nipple aspirate cytology for the study of breast cancer precursors.
nafenopin
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PB (12 times)
CPA (6 times)
GGT (3 times)
1985 Nafenopin-induced rat liver peroxisome proliferation reduces DNA methylation by N-nitrosodimethylamine in vivo.
naftopidil
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
BPH (4 times)
IPSS (4 times)
TAM (4 times)
1998 [Determination of naftopidil and its main metabolite in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography].
neutrophil-activating factor
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PMN (3 times)
15-HETE (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1985 Isolation and partial characterization of a human alveolar macrophage-derived neutrophil-activating factor.
nonaltered auditory feedback
(12 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(9 times)
DAF (6 times)
FAF (6 times)
AR (1 time)
1994 Effect of frequency-altered feedback on stuttering frequency at normal and fast speech rates.
nafcillin
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CFZ (3 times)
MRSA (3 times)
DAP (2 times)
2008 Human recombinant lactoferrin acts synergistically with antimicrobials commonly used in neonatal practice against coagulase-negative staphylococci and Candida albicans causing neonatal sepsis.
National Abortion Federation
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AGI (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
1982 Freestanding abortion clinics: services, structure, fees.
nonagglutinating fimbriae
(7 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
MDCK (2 times)
MR/P (2 times)
PMF (2 times)
1997 The expression of nonagglutinating fimbriae and its role in Proteus mirabilis adherence to epithelial cells.
naftidrofuryl
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
5-HT (1 time)
BUF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1977 Influence of hypercapnia on the cerebrovascular activities of some drugs used in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.
10  new-onset atrial fibrillation
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2014 Long-term effect of antihypertensive drugs on the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation: a longitudinal cohort study.
11  non-altered feedback
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
DAF (3 times)
AAF (2 times)
FAF (1 time)
2003 Delayed auditory feedback in the treatment of stuttering: clients as consumers.
12  normal auditory feedback
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
DAF (2 times)
FAF (1 time)
1979 The effects of delayed auditory feedback and masking on the fundamental frequency of stutterers and nonstutterers.
13  nasal airflow
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ARM (1 time)
FNE (1 time)
MMSD (1 time)
2007 Preoperative characteristics and postoperative outcomes following adenoidectomy in children.
14  nedaplatin, adriamycin, and 5-FU
(3 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
--- 2009 [A case of a 14-month survival patient on advanced esophageal cancer with uncontrolled brain metastasis completely responding to nedaplatin, adriamycin, plus 5-FU (NAF) therapy].
15  normal-associated fibroblast
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CAF (2 times)
CAFs (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2005 Breast fibroblasts modulate epithelial cell proliferation in three-dimensional in vitro co-culture.
16  nuclear accessory factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
VDR (3 times)
VDRE (3 times)
EMSA (1 time)
1991 Vitamin D receptor interaction with specific DNA. Association as a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-modulated heterodimer.
17  N-cell-activating factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NCMC (1 time)
1978 Augmentation of human natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity by a soluble factor. I. Production of N-cell-activating factor (NAF).
18  nafamostat
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1993 Beneficial effects of a serine protease inhibitor in peripheral vascular disease.
19  nafarelin
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
1995 Comparison of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and a low dose oral contraceptive given alone or together in the treatment of hirsutism.
20  natriuretic atrial factor
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Efficacy of low-dose captopril in addition to furosemide and spironolactone in patients with decompensated liver disease during blunted diuresis.
21  nedaplatin, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
CRT (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
2005 [A case of unknown primary squamous cell carcinoma in the neck showing a high response with combined chemotherapy including nedaplatin, adriamycin and 5-fluorouracil].
22  neu protein-specific activating factor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Isolation and characterization of a neu protein-specific activating factor from human ATL-2 cell conditioned medium.
23  new-onset AF
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
cTnI (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2010 Troponin levels help predict new-onset atrial fibrillation in ischaemic stroke patients: a retrospective study.
24  nicotinic autoreceptor function
(2 times)
Occupational Diseases
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Nicotinic autoreceptor function in rat brain during maturation and aging: possible differential sensitivity to organophosphorus anticholinesterases.
25  nipple aspirates of breast fluid
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GCDFP-15 (1 time)
1988 Association of breast fluid coloration with age, ethnicity, and cigarette smoking.
26  non-acid-fast
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1979 Elevated adjuvanticity of non-acid-fast mycobacteria.
27  non-aqueous fractionation
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
OAS (1 time)
OASTL (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
2009 Analysis of cytosolic and plastidic serine acetyltransferase mutants and subcellular metabolite distributions suggests interplay of the cellular compartments for cysteine biosynthesis in Arabidopsis.
28  nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2011 [A meta-analysis on efficacy of anti-platelet agents and anticoagulants for preventing stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation].
29  normal allantoic fluid
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
HF (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
1970 Lipid Composition of the Hemagglutinating Active Fraction Obtained from Chick Embryos Infected with Chlamydia psittaci 6BC.
30  North African
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
mtDNA (2 times)
ASH (1 time)
Seph (1 time)
2008 Differences in mtDNA haplogroup distribution among 3 Jewish populations alter susceptibility to T2DM complications.
31  north Anatolian fault
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
GF (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
InSAR (1 time)
2016 Variation in the radon concentrations and outdoor gamma radiation levels in relation to different geological formations in the thermal regions of Bursa, Turkey.
32  Nucleotide Archival Format
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Nucleotide Archival Format (NAF) enables efficient lossless reference-free compression of DNA sequences.
33  control ascitic fluid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EEEV (1 time)
HAFs (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
2009 Identification of Dengue-specific B-Cell Epitopes by Phage-display Random Peptide Library.
34  DAP-nafcillin
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
CRO (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
2016 Penicillin Binding Protein 1 Is Important in the Compensatory Response of Staphylococcus aureus to Daptomycin-Induced Membrane Damage and Is a Potential Target for beta-Lactam-Daptomycin Synergy.
35  nafadotride
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APO (1 time)
DA (1 time)
ETOH (1 time)
2003 Behavioral response profiles following drug challenge with dopamine receptor subtype agonists and antagonists in developing rat.
36  nafazatrom
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
alpha TR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
HIS (1 time)
1993 Reaction kinetics of alpha-tocopheroxyl radical with biologically and pharmacologically active substances.
37  Nafoxidine
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
1988 Response of the mouse uterus to nafoxidine stimulation: agonism and antagonism.
38  nafoxidine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
TAM (1 time)
1987 Mode of estrogen action on cell proliferation in CAMA-1 cells: III. Effect of antiestrogen.
39  nanocellulose aerogel foam
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2019 Super light 3D hierarchical nanocellulose aerogel foam with superior oil adsorption.
40  Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NTUH (1 time)
1998 Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: a reappraisal of clinical features and treatment at National Taiwan University Hospital.
41  National Abortion Federation Members
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Cannula fracture in first trimester abortion: a case report and survey of NAF providers.
42  National Arthritis Foundation
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2003 Effects of arthritis exercise programs on functional fitness and perceived activities of daily living measures in older adults with arthritis.
43  native arteriovenous fistula
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2009 Maintenance of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas by an interventional strategy: clinical and duplex ultrasonographic surveillance followed by transluminal angioplasty.
44  Navy and Air Force
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BIA (1 time)
HW (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2008 Percent body fat estimations in college men using field and laboratory methods: a three-compartment model approach.
45  needs assessment formula
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
SBT (1 time)
2018 How to identify and prioritize procedures suitable for simulation-based training: Experiences from general needs assessments using a modified Delphi method and a needs assessment formula.
46  Negative Autoregulated Frustrated bistability motif
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FBM (1 time)
NAR (1 time)
2015 The role of mRNA and protein stability in the function of coupled positive and negative feedback systems in eukaryotic cells.
47  neighbourhood approximation forests
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2012 Neighbourhood approximation forests.
48  nerve action fields
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Peripheral nerve conduction recorded by a micro gradiometer system (micro-SQUID) in humans.
49  net adhesion force
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2011 The model of nano-scale copper particle removal from silicon surface in high pressure CO2 + H2O and CO2 + H2O + IPA cleaning solutions.
50  neu-activating factor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1994 Ligand and p185c-neu density govern receptor interactions and tyrosine kinase activation.
51  neutralizing factor
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AAV (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2011 A 10 patient case report on the impact of plasmapheresis upon neutralizing factors against adeno-associated virus (AAV) types 1, 2, 6, and 8.
52  neutrophil adherence factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1980 Constituents of human neutrophils that mediate enhanced adherence to surfaces: purification and identification as acidic proteins of the specific granules.
53  new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
DSWI (1 time)
IHM (1 time)
2007 The impact of new-onset atrial fibrillation on in-hospital mortality following cardiac surgery.
54  nipple fluid aspirants
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2002 Clinical applications of proteomics: proteomic pattern diagnostics.
55  nitro-aldehyde-fuchsin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1988 [Investigation on biopsy materials of 60 cases of viral B hepatitis in children with nitro-aldehyde-fuchsin (NAF) staining and light as well as electronic microscopy].
56  nodulisporic acid F
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Heterologous Biosynthesis of Nodulisporic Acid F.
57  Nomenclature d'Activites Francaises
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ISCO (1 time)
2017 Occupational exposure to endotoxins and lung cancer risk: results of the ICARE Study.
58  non-ablative fractional
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
PIH (1 time)
2011 Acne scars in ethnic skin treated with both non-ablative fractional 1,550 nm and ablative fractional CO2 lasers: comparative retrospective analysis with recommended guidelines.
59  non-ablative fractional laser
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ECCA (1 time)
FMR (1 time)
2017 Combined Fractional Treatment of Acne Scars Involving Non-ablative 1,550-nm Erbium-glass Laser and Micro-needling Radiofrequency: A 16-week Prospective, Randomized Split-face Study.
60  Non-abscising fruitlets
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
APF (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
2005 Ethylene biosynthesis and perception in apple fruitlet abscission (Malus domestica L. Borck).
61  non-acid forming
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANC (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of net acid generation pH as a single indicator for acid forming potential of rocks using geochemical properties.
62  non-adherent fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2013 Leukoreduction system chambers are an efficient, valid, and economic source of functional monocyte-derived dendritic cells and lymphocytes.
63  non-adjacent form
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2013 Fixed-base comb with window-non-adjacent form (NAF) method for scalar multiplication.
64  non-African
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Af (1 time)
2013 Performance and age of African and non-African runners in half- and full marathons held in Switzerland, 2000-2010.
65  non-anthocyanin flavonoids
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2013 Development and validation of an UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS method for non-anthocyanin flavonoids quantification in Euterpe oleracea juice.
66  non-anthocyanin fraction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
DCF-DA (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2014 An investigation into the ameliorating effect of black soybean extract on learning and memory impairment with assessment of neuroprotective effects.
67  non-anticoagulant fractions
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
EAR (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of allergic late airway responses by inhaled heparin-derived oligosaccharides.
68  non-aqueous fluids
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Effects of non-aqueous fluids-associated drill cuttings discharge on shelf break macrobenthic communities in the Campos Basin, Brazil.
69  nonamnesic patients with frontal lesions
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2004 Elevated false recognition in patients with frontal lobe damage is neither a general nor a unitary phenomenon.
70  nonatretic follicles
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
1996 Follicular Atresia, follicular fluid hormones, and circulating hormones during the midluteal phase of the estrous cycle in pigs.
71  normal adrenal function
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2013 Adrenal insufficiency in children undergoing heart surgery does not correlate with more complex postoperative course.
72  normal angiographic findings
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AVM (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
1982 Smoking and subarachnoid haemorrhage.
73  Normal annulus fibrosus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2016 miR-221 attenuates the osteogenic differentiation of human annulus fibrosus cells.
74  normal autofluorescence
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FAF (1 time)
IAF (1 time)
2013 Association between fundus autofluorescence and visual outcome in surgically closed macular holes.
75  North Africa
(1 time)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
GN (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2013 Burden of chronic kidney disease: North Africa.
76  Northern Atlantic Forest
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AMC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
2009 Phylogeography of the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus): marked population structure, Neotropical Pleistocene vicariance and incongruence between nuclear and mtDNA markers.
77  nuclear area factor
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Efficacy of ImageJ in the assessment of apoptosis.
78  nulliparous adult female
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
MAF (1 time)
NYF (1 time)
2005 Effect of maternal age and parity on preimplantation embryo development and transport in the golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
79  number of adult Aedes aegypti females
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
2018 Using adult Aedes aegypti females to predict areas at risk for dengue transmission: A spatial case-control study.
80  Nursing Assessment Form
(1 time)
Nursing Diagnosis
(1 time)
--- 2014 Development and validation of a computerized assessment form to support nursing diagnosis.
81  Nutrition Alert Form
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BNT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS-OR (1 time)
2016 Nationwide survey of nutritional management in an Asian upper-middle income developing country government hospitals: Combination of quantitative survey and focus group discussion.
82  Nystagmus Acuity Function
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
LMLN (1 time)
2002 An expanded nystagmus acuity function: intra- and intersubject prediction of best-corrected visual acuity.
83  window-non-adjacent form
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2013 Fixed-base comb with window-non-adjacent form (NAF) method for scalar multiplication.