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Abbreviation: NAL
Appearance Frequency: 665 time(s)
Long forms: 91

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
naloxone
(243 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
LH (26 times)
PRL (26 times)
MOR (25 times)
1980 Influence of endogenous opiates on anterior pituitary function.
nalidixic acid
(122 times)
Microbiology
(34 times)
CIP (33 times)
Tet (16 times)
AMP (15 times)
1969 Escherichia coli K-12 mutants resistant to nalidixic acid: genetic mapping and dominance studies.
nasal lavage
(64 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
ECP (9 times)
IL (9 times)
MPO (7 times)
1990 Nasal lavage as a tool in assessing acute inflammation in response to inhaled pollutants.
naltrexone
(30 times)
Psychopharmacology
(7 times)
AD (4 times)
PE (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1995 Naltrexone delays the onset of maternal behavior in primiparous parturient ewes.
National Acoustic Laboratories
(19 times)
Audiology
(15 times)
DSL (2 times)
AHS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
1986 The National Acoustic Laboratories' (NAL) new procedure for selecting the gain and frequency response of a hearing aid.
nasal lavage fluid
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ECP (4 times)
IFN (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1995 Inflammatory markers in nasal lavage fluid from Industrial Arts teachers.
N-acetyl lysine
(13 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
NAC (7 times)
DOPAL (2 times)
HMVK (2 times)
1998 Mortality of horn fly (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae in bovine dung supplemented with loline alkaloids from tall fescue.
Nacystelyn
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
CF (5 times)
NAC (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
1995 A comparison of a new mucolytic N-acetylcysteine L-lysinate with N-acetylcysteine: airway epithelial function and mucus changes in dog.
N-acetylneuraminate lyase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DHDPS (3 times)
ManNAc (3 times)
GlcNAc (2 times)
2000 Active site modulation in the N-acetylneuraminate lyase sub-family as revealed by the structure of the inhibitor-complexed Haemophilus influenzae enzyme.
10  N-acetylneuraminic acid lyase
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
AGE (3 times)
ManNAc (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2005 Structure-guided saturation mutagenesis of N-acetylneuraminic acid lyase for the synthesis of sialic acid mimetics.
11  nonammoniated latex
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
HCWs (4 times)
NRL (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1994 Serologic methods in the laboratory diagnosis of latex rubber allergy: study of nonammoniated, ammoniated latex, and glove (end-product) extracts as allergen reagent sources.
12  nonadherent lymphocytes
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
mIgG (2 times)
NK (2 times)
IBMX (1 time)
1979 Preoperative cell-mediated immune status of patients with malignant glial tumors.
13  naloxone hydrochloride
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LH (2 times)
5-HTP (1 time)
alpha-MPT (1 time)
1985 Effects of morphine and naloxone on pilocarpine-induced convulsions in rats.
14  no-action level
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
IGRT (1 time)
LN (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
2001 A protocol for the reduction of systematic patient setup errors with minimal portal imaging workload.
15  non-attachment loss
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AL (4 times)
ALT (4 times)
CV (4 times)
1995 Correlation between gingival crevicular fluid dipeptidyl peptidase II and IV activity and periodontal attachment loss. A 2-year longitudinal study in chronic periodontitis patients.
16  nalmefene
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DIC (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
CEME (1 time)
2011 Opioid-like compound exerts anti-fibrotic activity via decreased hepatic stellate cell activation and inflammation.
17  neocortical amyloid-beta load
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AD (3 times)
AA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2018 Elevated plasma ferritin in elderly individuals with high neocortical amyloid-beta load.
18  normal
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
GL (2 times)
BHB (1 time)
1988 Acute altitude exposure and altered acid-base states. I. Effects on the exercise ventilation and blood lactate responses.
19  normal adult laryngeal
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SCPL (2 times)
CHEP (1 time)
SCHLP (1 time)
1994 [Computerized evaluation of acoustic parameters of voice and speech after partial supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy].
20  Nalbuphine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
UGT2B7 (1 time)
2014 Commonly used excipients modulate UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2b7 activity to improve nalbuphine oral bioavailability in humans.
21  nalidixic
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
OXO (2 times)
AP4 (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
1991 The proconvulsive activity of quinolone antibiotics in an animal model.
22  nalorphine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BRN (1 time)
EKC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1984 Characterization of prototypical opioid antagonists, agonist-antagonists, and agonists in the morphine-dependent rhesus monkey.
23  naloxonazine
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ICI (2 times)
beta-FNA (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2005 Response of neuropeptide Y-induced feeding to mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor antagonists in the neonatal chick.
24  naloxone HCl
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CLON (1 time)
MOR (1 time)
OIW (1 time)
1984 Opiate antagonists stereoselectively attenuate the consumption of food but not of water by pigeons.
25  nasal lavage fluid analysis
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ECP (2 times)
MPO (2 times)
BUT (1 time)
2007 Pet keeping and dampness in the dwelling: associations with airway infections, symptoms, and physiological signs from the ocular and nasal mucosa.
26  National Agricultural Library
(2 times)
Library Science
(1 time)
--- 1993 USDA's Plant Genome Research Program.
27  neck axis length
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CORT (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
INTGL (2 times)
2009 Assessment of volumetric bone mineral density of the femoral neck in postmenopausal women with and without vertebral fractures using quantitative multi-slice CT.
28  neuroendocrine allostatic load
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
DHEAS (2 times)
SEBAS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2008 Neuroendocrine biomarkers, social relations, and the cumulative costs of stress in Taiwan.
29  Noise attenuation levels
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CSII (1 time)
FANC (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2014 Parallel feedback active noise control of MRI acoustic noise with signal decomposition using hybrid RLS-NLMS adaptive algorithms.
30  after no action level
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
eNAL (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2017 Assessment with cone-beam computed tomography of intrafractional motion and interfractional position changes of resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic tumours with implanted fiducial marker.
31  alpha-N-(2-(1-naphthyl)acetyl)-l-lysine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADRA (1 time)
DPRA (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2014 Development of a prediction method for skin sensitization using novel cysteine and lysine derivatives.
32  artery: no arterial lesion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PAA (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
RAA (1 time)
2010 Systemic atherosclerosis in patients with perforating artery territorial infarction.
33  N alpha-acetyl-L-lysine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LB (1 time)
NF (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1995 Covalent crosslinking of neurofilament proteins by oxidized catechols as a potential mechanism of Lewy body formation.
34  N available for leaching
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ALRP (1 time)
LI (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2005 Modeling nitrogen uptake and potential nitrate leaching under different irrigation programs in nitrogen-fertilized tomato using the computer program NLEAP.
35  N-acetylloline alkaloid
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
EFTF (1 time)
EITF (1 time)
1996 Physiological responses of rats fed loline and ergot alkaloids from endophyte-infected tall fescue.
36  N-proportional to-acetyllysine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
3-DG (1 time)
FPPC (1 time)
1998 Characterization of a blue fluorophore isolated from in vitro reaction of N-proportional to-acetyllysine and 3-deoxyglucosone.
37  NA plus lipid emulsion
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
NEFAs (1 time)
2004 Nonesterified fatty acids and hepatic glucose metabolism in the conscious dog.
38  Nacystelyn trade mark
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DEF (1 time)
DMTU (1 time)
HMC (1 time)
2004 Modulation of genotoxic effects in asbestos-exposed primary human mesothelial cells by radical scavengers, metal chelators and a glutathione precursor.
39  NAL revised for severe-profound losses
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DSL (1 time)
PLLs (1 time)
2000 Preferred listening levels of children who use hearing aids: comparison to prescriptive targets.
40  nalbuphine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Pharmacokinetics and effect of intravenous nalbuphine in weaned Holstein calves after surgical castration.
41  nalbuphine-HCl
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
1987 [Comparative clinical study of nalbuphine and fentanyl. Effects and side effects with special reference to the induction phase].
42  nalmefene hydrochloride
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ETOR (1 time)
XYL (1 time)
YOH (1 time)
1987 Immobilization of white-tailed deer by etorphine and xylazine and its antagonism by nalmefene and yohimbine.
43  naloxone after electroacupuncture
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2013 The mechanism of effective electroacupuncture on T cell response in rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
44  Naltrexone's
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
FHP (1 time)
2007 Family history and antisocial traits moderate naltrexone's effects on heavy drinking in alcoholics.
45  naltrexone, an opioid receptor antagonist
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CRH (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2015 The Effect of CRH, Dexamethasone and Naltrexone on the Mu, Delta and Kappa Opioid Receptor Agonist Binding in Lamb Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis.
46  naltrindole
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Effect of delta opioid receptor activation on spatial cognition and neurogenesis in cerebral ischemic rats.
47  nasal
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1993 Effect of azelastine on substance P content in bronchoalveolar and nasal lavage fluids of patients with allergic asthma.
48  nasal airway lavage
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DDE (1 time)
1999 Efficiency of automotive cabin air filters to reduce acute health effects of diesel exhaust in human subjects.
49  nasal airways
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IgA (1 time)
pIgR (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2008 Parenteral nutrition induces organ specific alterations in polymeric immunoglobulin receptor levels.
50  nasal-anal length
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 Effect of the oral administration of monosodium glutamate during pregnancy and breast-feeding in the offspring of pregnant Wistar rats.
51  nasopharyngeal lavage
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SLIT (1 time)
2007 Sublingual immunotherapy reduces allergic symptoms in a mouse model of rhinitis.
52  natural rubber latex proteins
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
--- 1995 Comparison of latex antigens from surgical gloves, ammoniated and nonammoniated latex: effect of ammonia treatment on natural rubber latex proteins.
53  needlescopic-assisted laparoscopy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
LESS (1 time)
2011 A prospective randomized comparison of traditional laparoendoscopic single-site surgery with needlescopic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in the porcine model.
54  neocortical Abeta load
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Plasma neurofilament light chain and amyloid-beta are associated with the kynurenine pathway metabolites in preclinical Alzheimer's disease.
55  neocortical beta-amyloid load
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2017 Alterations in erythrocyte fatty acid composition in preclinical Alzheimer's disease.
56  network abstraction layer
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Optimized bit extraction using distortion modeling in the scalable extension of H.264/AVC.
57  neuraminic acid lyase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evaluation of fluoropyruvate as nucleophile in reactions catalysed by N-acetyl neuraminic acid lyase variants: scope, limitations and stereoselectivity.
58  neuraxial analgesia for labor
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
2017 Increasing Regional Anesthesia Use in a Serbian Teaching Hospital through an International Collaboration.
59  Neuropathies associated with lymphoma
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
PNP (1 time)
2008 Neuropathy in lymphoma: a relationship between the pattern of neuropathy, type of lymphoma and prognosis?
60  Neurosciences admission lounge
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Patient and staff satisfaction with 'day of admission' elective surgery.
61  New American Library of World Literature
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2016 Pulp science: education and communication in the paperback book revolution.
62  Nicotinylalanine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
KYNA (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1992 Nicotinylalanine increases the formation of kynurenic acid in the brain and antagonizes convulsions.
63  non-adherence of leukocytes
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
LAI (1 time)
1979 Definition of cellular immune responses to brain antigens in human head trauma.
64  non-anastomotic leakage
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2017 [Diagnostic value of dynamic monitoring of C-reactive protein in drain drainage to predict early anastomotic leakage after colorectal cancer surgery].
65  nonadenoma adrenal lesions
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
IP (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2018 Characterization of Adrenal Lesions on Unenhanced MRI Using Texture Analysis: A Machine-Learning Approach.
66  nonadherent layer
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
LTBMCs (1 time)
rhTNF-alpha (1 time)
1992 Tumor necrosis factor alpha in human long-term bone marrow cultures: distinct effects on nonadherent and adherent progenitors.
67  nonadherent low-density
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
FACS (1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1986 Enhancement of the proliferation of human marrow erythroid (BFU-E) progenitor cells by prostaglandin E requires the participation of OKT8-positive T lymphocytes and is associated with the density expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens on BFU-E.
68  nonadherent peripheral blood leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
1981 A subset of human cells isolated and characterized by monoclonal antibodies.
69  nonalternately linked
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
GNFs (1 time)
2011 Open-shell characters and second hyperpolarizabilities of one-dimensional graphene nanoflakes composed of trigonal graphene units.
70  nonammoniated latex extract
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
PVDF (1 time)
1992 Latex antigens.
71  nonanal
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
APT (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
2017 Molecularly Imprinted Sol-Gel-Based QCM Sensor Arrays for the Detection and Recognition of Volatile Aldehydes.
72  nonanastomotic leakage group
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2018 Monitoring perioperative serum albumin can identify anastomotic leakage in colorectal cancer patients with curative intent.
73  nonanesthetic lubricant
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2015 Intraurethral Lidocaine for Urethral Catheterization in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
74  nonparetic arm and leg
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
LEs (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2002 Effect of duration of upper- and lower-extremity rehabilitation sessions and walking speed on recovery of interlimb coordination in hemiplegic gait.
75  normal ad libitum
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
KCR (1 time)
KD (1 time)
2003 Calorie restriction and ketogenic diet diminish neuronal excitability in rat dentate gyrus in vivo.
76  normal adult lymph node cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Perturbation of early development of the immune system by normal adult lymphoid cells.
77  normal circulating adult lymphocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
5'NT (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
TMS-alpha 1 (1 time)
1985 Terminal differentiation of cord blood lymphocytes induced by thymosin fraction 5 and thymosin alpha 1.
78  normal diet ad libitum
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
mHS (1 time)
2002 The ketogenic diet upregulates expression of the gene encoding the key ketogenic enzyme mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase in rat brain.
79  normal-appearing liver
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2018 Quantitative biomarkers for liver metastases: comparison of MRI diffusion-weighted imaging heterogeneity index and fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxyglucose standardised uptake value in hybrid PET/MR.
80  normoxic rats fed ad libitum
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ETE (1 time)
NPW (1 time)
1996 Aerobic capacity and skeletal muscle properties of normoxic and hypoxic rats in response to training.
81  North American lineage
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
BEL (1 time)
cyt b (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
2018 Parallel evolution of site-specific changes in divergent caribou lineages.
82  Northern Alvsborg county hospital
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PT (1 time)
2019 Prevalence of Premature Thelarche at 18 Months of Age: A Population- and Hospital-Based Study of Prevalence and Incidence in Girls Born at Northern Alvsborg County Hospital in Sweden.
83  northern arid lands
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
mHealth (1 time)
2017 Assessing Mobile Phone Access and Perceptions for Texting-Based mHealth Interventions Among Expectant Mothers and Child Caregivers in Remote Regions of Northern Kenya: A Survey-Based Descriptive Study.
84  nose-anus length
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
CON (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2000 Endocrine regulation and extended follow up of longitudinal growth in intrauterine growth-retarded rats.
85  novel lysine derivatives
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADRA (1 time)
ADRA-DM (1 time)
DPRA (1 time)
2015 A novel in chemico method to detect skin sensitizers in highly diluted reaction conditions.
86  now realised through a so-called Anti-Leprosy Nutriment
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1984 Nutritional aspects of leprosy.
87  nucleoside analog library
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GDA (1 time)
UPP1 (1 time)
2012 Pan-pathway based interaction profiling of FDA-approved nucleoside and nucleobase analogs with enzymes of the human nucleotide metabolism.
88  nucleus angularis lateralis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
NAM (1 time)
NML (1 time)
1990 Central projections of cochlear nerve fibers in the alligator lizard.
89  number of foci per affected lymphocyte
(1 time)
Metabolic Diseases
(1 time)
LOA (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2014 Reliability of a Fully Automated Interpretation of gamma -H2AX Foci in Lymphocytes of Moderately Trained Subjects under Resting Conditions.
90  Nutrition Antileprosy
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
1985 Mouse foot-pad studies with M. leprae--effect of desoxy fructo serotonin (DFS) and related compounds.
91  subpopulations--non-glass-adherent
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GAL (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
1984 Cells involved in autologous rosette formation in mice. I. Two different subpopulations of thymocytes regulating autologous rosette formation.