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Abbreviation: NAM
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Long forms: 103

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nicotinamide
(234 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
NA (27 times)
SIRT1 (16 times)
NMN (12 times)
1980 Dissimilar effects of nicotinamide and inosine, putative endogenous ligands of the benzodiazepine receptors, on pentylenetetrazol seizures in four strains of mice.
nasoalveolar molding
(72 times)
Dentistry
(55 times)
UCLP (9 times)
BCLP (7 times)
CLP (4 times)
1999 Presurgical nasoalveolar molding in infants with cleft lip and palate.
negative allosteric modulator
(64 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
PAM (14 times)
mGlu5 (6 times)
CNS (5 times)
2008 Allosteric modulation of kinases and GPCRs: design principles and structural diversity.
nested association mapping
(56 times)
Genetics
(20 times)
QTL (15 times)
SNPs (8 times)
GWAS (7 times)
2008 Genetic design and statistical power of nested association mapping in maize.
necrotizing autoimmune myopathy
(42 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
DM (11 times)
PM (10 times)
HMGCR (9 times)
2011 Review: An update on inflammatory and autoimmune myopathies.
natural actomyosin
(22 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
Mb (2 times)
SuSo (2 times)
APPJ (1 time)
1981 Ca2+ sensitivity change and troponin loss in cardiac natural actomyosin after coronary occlusion.
N-acetylmuramic acid
(15 times)
Science
(4 times)
NAG (8 times)
PG (4 times)
AtlE (1 time)
1969 The use of nuclear magnetic resonance to describe relative modes of binding to lysozyme of homologous inhibitors and related substrates.
N-(9-acridinyl)maleimide
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
RSD (3 times)
BIPM (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
1990 Effects of herbimycin A and various SH-reagents on p60v-src kinase activity in vitro.
National Academy of Medicine
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CPGs (3 times)
IOM (2 times)
ACGME (1 time)
2008 [Women members of the Mexican National Academy of Medicine. An analysis of their membership and place in the medical elite].
10  N-acetyl-DL-methionine
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
NAC (4 times)
AFP (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
1975 Methionine replacement value of N-acetylmethionine and homocysteinethiolactone hydrochloride for growing rats.
11  Nail apparatus melanoma
(9 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
LM (1 time)
OS (1 time)
1998 The incidence and prognosis of nail apparatus melanoma. A retrospective study of 105 patients in four English regions.
12  Native American myopathy
(9 times)
Science
(3 times)
E-C (3 times)
MH (2 times)
CFZS (1 time)
2008 Native American myopathy: congenital myopathy with cleft palate, skeletal anomalies, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia.
13  N-arachidonyl maleimide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
2-AG (4 times)
hMGL (4 times)
FAAH (2 times)
2008 N-arachidonyl maleimide potentiates the pharmacological and biochemical effects of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonylglycerol through inhibition of monoacylglycerol lipase.
14  Neighborhood Activation Model
(5 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
CVC (1 time)
LNT (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2001 Examination of the neighborhood activation theory in normal and hearing-impaired listeners.
15  Norm Activation Model
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TPB (3 times)
AC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2009 Morality and prosocial behavior: the role of awareness, responsibility, and norms in the norm activation model.
16  network analysis method
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
NJ (1 time)
UCs (1 time)
2008 Sympatry inference and network analysis in biogeography.
17  niacinamide
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CTD (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1992 Sulfur mustard-induced microvesication in hairless guinea pigs: effect of short-term niacinamide administration.
18  naming
(3 times)
Writing
(1 time)
LD (2 times)
MEG (1 time)
PHON (1 time)
2005 Behavioral and neurobiological effects of printed word repetition in lexical decision and naming.
19  Native American
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AIMs (2 times)
EUR (2 times)
AFA (1 time)
2013 Ancestry informative markers clarify the regional admixture variation in the Costa Rican population.
20  noraristeromycin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IKKalpha (2 times)
CIA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2008 Synthesis of 4'-modified noraristeromycins to clarify the effect of the 4'-hydroxyl groups for inhibitory activity against S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase.
21  North American Monsoon
(3 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(2 times)
AOD (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
EW (1 time)
2016 Decreasing Aerosol Loading in the North American Monsoon Region.
22  Northern Annular Mode
(3 times)
Parasitic Diseases
(1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
EP (1 time)
NAO (1 time)
2006 Changes in tropopause height for the Eurasian region determined from CARDS radiosonde data.
23  N-acryloylmorpholine
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
NAS (1 time)
2014 Poly(N-acryloylmorpholine): a simple hydrogel system for temporal and spatial control over cell adhesion.
24  NAM group
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HP (1 time)
2012 Presurgical nasoalveolar molding orthopedic treatment improves the outcome of primary cheiloplasty of unilateral complete cleft lip and palate, as assessed by naris morphology and cleft gap.
25  nasoalveolar molding device
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2007 Correction of the alveolar gap and nostril deformity by presurgical passive orthodontia in the unilateral cleft lip.
26  neutrophil activator of matrix metalloproteinases
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
proMMP-2 (1 time)
TIMP-2 (1 time)
2006 Neutrophil activator of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (NAM).
27  nitrene/alkyne metathesis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Rhodium-Catalyzed Nitrene/Alkyne Metathesis: An Enantioselective Process for the Synthesis of N-Heterocycles.
28  nitric acid monohydrate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NA (1 time)
2005 Theoretical calculations of refractive indices and optical effects in spectra of nitric acid and nitric acid monohydrate crystals.
29  non-anaesthetized mice
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
1995 Triatoma infestans is more efficient than Panstrongylus megistus in obtaining blood meals on non anaesthetized mice.
30  nonacral melanoma
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ALM (1 time)
AM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2013 C-kit expression of melanocytic neoplasm and association with clinicopathological parameters and anatomic locations in Chinese people.
31  noninvasive airway mechanics
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
MCh (1 time)
RT-qPCR (1 time)
2002 Pulmonary function assessment by whole-body plethysmography in restrained versus unrestrained mice.
32  normal amine mechanism
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NCA (2 times)
Ala-NCA (1 time)
BLG-NCA (1 time)
2013 A facile glovebox-free strategy to significantly accelerate the syntheses of well-defined polypeptides by N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) ring opening polymerizations.
33  normal-appearing mucosa
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
1,25-DR (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1989 Specific receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-DR) and human colorectal carcinogenesis.
34  nucleoside analogue mutation
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ZDV (2 times)
ddI (1 time)
NRTI (1 time)
2003 Nucleoside analogue mutations and Q151M in HIV-1 subtype A/E infection treated with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
35  14-beta-(o-nitro, p-azido)-cinnamoyl-amino-N-cyclopropylmethylnormorphinone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Photoaffinity probes for opiate receptors: synthesis and properties of a nitro-azido-derivative of 14-beta-aminomorphinone.
36  myoglobin-natural actomyosin
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2007 Effect of ionic strength and temperature on interaction between fish myoglobin and myofibrillar proteins.
37  N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Segmentation of renal perfusion signals from laser speckle imaging into clusters with phase synchronized dynamics.
38  N-(acetamide) morpholinium
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Spectroscopic and structural properties of N-(acetamide) morpholinium bromide.
39  N-acetyl mannosamine
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 1993 Effects of chronic ethanol on enzymes regulating sialylation and desialylation of transferrin in rats.
40  N-acetylmuramic disaccharide
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2006 Three-dimensional structure of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan.
41  N-allylnorazidomorphine
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
COAM (1 time)
NOAM (1 time)
1977 The pharmacology of N-substituted azidomorphines.
42  NAD(+) and inhibited by nicotinamide
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
5-FOA (1 time)
2008 Pnc1p-mediated nicotinamide clearance modifies the epigenetic properties of rDNA silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
43  NAD(+) metabolites, such as nicotinamide
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase regulates cell survival through autophagy in cardiomyocytes.
44  NADPH-and nicotinamide
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADPR (1 time)
me-NAM (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2019 The Plasma NAD+ Metabolome Is Dysregulated in "Normal" Aging.
45  naevus-associated melanomas
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Dysplastic vs. Common Naevus-associated vs. De novo Melanomas: An Observational Retrospective Study of 1,021 Patients.
46  Nampt substrate, urinary nicotinamide
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
PH (1 time)
2014 Hepatectomy-related hypophosphatemia: a novel phosphaturic factor in the liver-kidney axis.
47  Namulonge
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
CMG (1 time)
KUM (1 time)
2002 Co-adaptation between cassava mosaic geminiviruses and their local vector populations.
48  nanochannel assembly membrane
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2006 Permeation flux of organic molecules through silica-surfactant nanochannels in a porous alumina membrane.
49  naphthalene acetamide
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NAA (1 time)
1993 Selection for spontaneous tomato haploids using a conditional lethal marker.
50  Naphthylamidase
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
5'-Nu (1 time)
AcPase (1 time)
AlkPase (1 time)
1994 Histochemical distribution of hydrolytic enzymes in adult Onchocerca fasciata (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae).
51  naringin agar medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2014 A simple plate-assay for screening extracellular naringinase produced by streptomycetes.
52  natural alpine meadow
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FOF (1 time)
NO (1 time)
Ts (1 time)
2019 Characterizing nitric oxide emissions from two typical alpine ecosystems.
53  neoantigen minigene
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NCV (1 time)
2019 Poly-specific neoantigen-targeted cancer vaccines delay patient derived tumor growth.
54  neonatal adrenal masses
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
UCM (1 time)
2012 Neonatal adrenal masses: do we have reliable criteria for differential diagnosis and expectant management?
55  network meta-analysis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2017 Comparative efficacy and safety of oral antidiabetic drugs and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus: An updated PRISMA-compliant network meta-analysis.
56  network-based attention model
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CDR (1 time)
KBs (1 time)
2018 Combining Context and Knowledge Representations for Chemical-disease Relation Extraction.
57  networked autonomic machine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2012 Towards a flexible middleware for context-aware pervasive and wearable systems.
58  neural associative memory
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAM (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1999 Improved bidirectional retrieval of sparse patterns stored by Hebbian learning.
59  neutron activated microspheres
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RM (2 times)
2005 Comparison of neutron activated and radiolabeled microsphere methods for measurement of transmural myocardial blood flow in dogs.
60  new approach methods
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
IVIVE (1 time)
2019 Chemical concentrations in cell culture compartments (C5) - concentration definitions.
61  new electrical bio-admittance method
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2004 Electrical admittance method for estimating fluid removal during artificial dialysis.
62  new formulation STERIspheres
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
RM (2 times)
2005 Comparison of neutron activated and radiolabeled microsphere methods for measurement of transmural myocardial blood flow in dogs.
63  NIC and its amide nicotinamide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NIC (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
PIC (1 time)
2003 ECNI GC-MS analysis of picolinic and quinolinic acids and their amides in human plasma, CSF, and brain tissue.
64  NIC, and nicotinamide
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LLOQ (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
2005 Simultaneous determination of myristyl nicotinate, nicotinic acid, and nicotinamide in rabbit plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using methyl ethyl ketone as a deproteinization solvent.
65  nicotinamidase activity
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2016 Combined Whole-Cell High-Throughput Functional Screening for Identification of New Nicotinamidases/Pyrazinamidases in Metagenomic/Polygenomic Libraries.
66  nicotine addiction management
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
NRT (1 time)
PACU (1 time)
2018 Nicotine addiction management following surgery: a quality improvement approach in the post anesthesia care unit.
67  ninhydrin area method
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
1984 Relative error (variability) associated with an improved instrument for measuring gingival crevicular fluid.
68  nitric acid method
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
MDD (1 time)
RT (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2016 Thermoluminescence characteristics of Zn(BO2)2:Ce3+ under beta irradiation.
69  nitrogen adsorption measurement
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
LODs (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2015 Preparation of mesoporous ZrO2-coated magnetic microsphere and its application in the multi-residue analysis of pesticides and PCBs in fish by GC-MS/MS.
70  no-angular-momentum
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Effect of intrinsic angular momentum in the capillary filling dynamics of viscous fluids.
71  no-apical-meristem
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
DHPLC (1 time)
MLE (1 time)
2003 Genome-wide mRNA profiling reveals heterochronic allelic variation and a new imprinted gene in hybrid maize endosperm.
72  Noise AM
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2007 Frequency modulation detection with simultaneous amplitude modulation by cochlear implant users.
73  noise amplitude modulated
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
peak (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2004 Across- and within-channel envelope interactions in cochlear implant listeners.
74  nominally anhydrous minerals
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
IRMS (1 time)
2017 2 H/1 H measurements of amphiboles and nominally anhydrous minerals (clinopyroxene, garnet and diamond) using high-temperature continuous flow elemental analyser/pyrolysis/isotope ratio mass spectrometry.
75  non-absorbable mesh
(1 time)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
VHR (1 time)
2013 Risk of infection and hernia recurrence for patients undergoing ventral hernia repair with non-absorbable or biological mesh during open bowel procedures.
76  non-acclimatized
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2010 Effects of cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa on the filtration rate and mortality of the freshwater bivalve Corbicula leana.
77  non-actual motion
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Non-actual motion: phenomenological analysis and linguistic evidence.
78  non-affected meridian
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSAP (1 time)
DAM (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2014 Acupuncture for chronic, stable angina pectoris and an investigation of the characteristics of acupoint specificity: study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial.
79  non-amnestic MCI
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMM (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2014 Clustering mild cognitive impairment by mini-mental state examination.
80  Non-Arrhythmic Mortality
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
BC6 (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2018 Risk stratifiers for arrhythmic and non-arrhythmic mortality after acute myocardial infarction.
81  non-contact, aqueous-phase multilayer
(1 time)
PEM (1 time)
2011 POLYELECTROLYTE MULTILAYER STAMPING IN AQUEOUS PHASE AND NON-CONTACT MODE.
82  non-mycorrhizal
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
2004 Responses of mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal Erica cinerea and Vaccinium macrocarpon to Glomus mosseae.
83  nonadherent macrophages
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Cytokine-induced differentiation of cultured nonadherent macrophages.
84  nonaerated mode
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
DO (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
2019 Effect of aeration and hydraulic loading rate on nitrogen removal by subsurface infiltration systems.
85  nonaqueous media
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Specific anion effects on enzymatic activity in nonaqueous media.
86  nonmuscular artery
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1998 [Effect of prolonged inhalation of nitric oxide on chronically hypoxic rats].
87  nontarget fingers, and trials with only target finger movement detected
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
EM (1 time)
RP (1 time)
1988 Movement-related potentials and control of associated movements.
88  Nordini's Artificial Mouth
(1 time)
MBC (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PEM (1 time)
2016 Antibacterial and anti-adherence effects of a plant extract mixture (PEM) and its individual constituent extracts (Psidium sp., Mangifera sp., and Mentha sp.) on single- and dual-species biofilms.
89  normal adipogenic medium
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
hADSCs (1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2015 Improved adipogenic in vitro differentiation: comparison of different adipogenic cell culture media on human fat and bone stroma cells for fat tissue engineering.
90  normal adjacent mucosa
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
REIMS (1 time)
2017 A novel methodology for in vivo endoscopic phenotyping of colorectal cancer based on real-time analysis of the mucosal lipidome: a prospective observational study of the iKnife.
91  normal AM
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
OAM (1 time)
WTN (1 time)
2016 Effect of modulation depth, frequency, and intermittence on wind turbine noise annoyance.
92  normal-appearing matter
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1996 Proton chemical shift imaging, metabolic maps, and single voxel spectroscopy of glial brain tumors.
93  North America north of Mexico
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LDG (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2007 The latitudinal gradient of species-area relationships for vascular plants of North America.
94  North American Mesoscale
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
LCSs (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2019 A Method for Detecting Atmospheric Lagrangian Coherent Structures Using a Single Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aircraft System.
95  Northern Hemisphere annular mode
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2001 Regional climate impacts of the Northern Hemisphere annular mode.
96  Northrup-Allison-McCammon
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
UHBD (1 time)
WEB (1 time)
2000 Bimolecular reaction simulation using Weighted Ensemble Brownian dynamics and the University of Houston Brownian Dynamics program.
97  Nucleic acid microarray
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2018 A Healthcare Improvement Intervention Combining Nucleic Acid Microarray Testing With Direct Physician Response for Management of Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia.
98  nucleic acid mixture
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TDI (1 time)
1996 Effect of dietary nucleosides and nucleotides on murine allergic rhinitis.
99  Nucleosides associated with mutations
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2005 HIV-1 genotypes related to failure of nelfinavir as the first protease inhibitor treatment.
100  nucleus angularis medialis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
NAL (1 time)
NML (1 time)
1990 Central projections of cochlear nerve fibers in the alligator lizard.