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Abbreviation: NAS
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Long forms: 234

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
neonatal abstinence syndrome
(535 times)
Pediatrics
(138 times)
LOS (31 times)
CI (25 times)
NICU (19 times)
1986 Neonatal abstinence syndrome, pharmacotherapy and developmental outcome.
NAFLD activity score
(274 times)
Gastroenterology
(78 times)
NAFLD (162 times)
NASH (109 times)
ICU (21 times)
2005 Design and validation of a histological scoring system for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
N-acetylserotonin
(163 times)
Endocrinology
(40 times)
NAT (15 times)
5-HIAA (13 times)
HIOMT (11 times)
1976 Immunohistological investigation of N-acetylserotonin in the rat cerebellum after parachlorophenylalanine treatment.
nucleus accumbens septi
(95 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
DA (37 times)
VTA (20 times)
DOPAC (10 times)
1975 Amphetamine and apomorphine responses in the rat following 6-OHDA lesions of the nucleus accumbens septi and corpus striatum.
National Academy of Sciences
(66 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
LNT (9 times)
BEAR (5 times)
NRC (4 times)
1971 David on Neutrality of NAS, PSAC.
nucleus accumbens
(65 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
DA (25 times)
VTA (21 times)
DOPAC (5 times)
1980 [Intracranial self-stimulation of the nucleus accumbens of the rat and its associated behavior (author's transl)].
nonalcoholic fatty liver disease activity score
(53 times)
Gastroenterology
(29 times)
NASH (41 times)
NAFLD (7 times)
AUROC (4 times)
2007 IL-6 and IGF-1 are independent prognostic factors of liver steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in morbidly obese patients.
Normative Aging Study
(43 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
CI (6 times)
COPD (6 times)
SNPs (5 times)
1991 Personality and aging: a study of the MMPI-2 among older men.
net analyte signal
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
NIR (10 times)
PLS (5 times)
API (4 times)
2000 Multivariate analysis and quantitation of (17)O-nuclear magnetic resonance in primary alcohol mixtures.
10  numeric analog scale
(34 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
GA (2 times)
RT (2 times)
TAP (2 times)
1992 Calcitonin in phantom limb pain: a double-blind study.
11  N-acryloxysuccinimide
(33 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DMA (10 times)
EDMA (5 times)
LCST (3 times)
1993 Synthesis and characterization of a soluble, temperature-sensitive polymer-conjugated enzyme.
12  nicotianamine synthase
(32 times)
Botany
(7 times)
NA (16 times)
SAM (3 times)
Cd (2 times)
1999 Cloning of nicotianamine synthase genes, novel genes involved in the biosynthesis of phytosiderophores.
13  Next Accreditation System
(31 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ACGME (15 times)
EM (5 times)
EPAs (4 times)
2012 The current state of core competency assessment in emergency medicine and a future research agenda: recommendations of the working group on assessment of observable learner performance.
14  non-aureus staphylococci
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
IMI (10 times)
SCC (5 times)
AMR (3 times)
2016 Comprehensive Phylogenetic Analysis of Bovine Non-aureus Staphylococci Species Based on Whole-Genome Sequencing.
15  nonanastomotic biliary strictures
(24 times)
Transplantation
(12 times)
OLT (9 times)
PSC (4 times)
DCD (3 times)
2003 Risk factors for and clinical course of non-anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation.
16  nonsense-associated altered splicing
(21 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
NMD (13 times)
PTCs (9 times)
PTC (4 times)
2001 A mechanism for exon skipping caused by nonsense or missense mutations in BRCA1 and other genes.
17  nitrifying activated sludge
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
AOB (5 times)
CAS (2 times)
TMP (2 times)
2004 Biodegradation of natural and synthetic estrogens by nitrifying activated sludge and ammonia-oxidizing bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea.
18  Neuroactive steroids
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DHEA (4 times)
ALLO (3 times)
DOC (3 times)
2005 Steroids, neuroactive steroids and neurosteroids in psychopathology.
19  nonanastomotic strictures
(16 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
AS (6 times)
LT (5 times)
ERCP (4 times)
2006 Long-term outcome of endoscopic treatment of biliary strictures after liver transplantation.
20  National Alcohol Survey
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
APC (2 times)
AAFs (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2003 Telephone versus in-person interviews for alcohol use: results of the 2000 National Alcohol Survey.
21  1-naphthyl acetyl spermine
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AMPA (1 time)
AMPAR-EPSCs (1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
1991 Differential blocking action of Joro spider toxin analog on parallel fiber and climbing fiber synapses in cerebellar Purkinje cells.
22  Natural American Spirit
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
FDA (1 time)
PATH (1 time)
SFNTC (1 time)
2017 Misperceptions of harm among Natural American Spirit smokers: results from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study (2013-2014).
23  N-acetylserine
(7 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
OAS (3 times)
NAC (2 times)
2-NDHSA (1 time)
1993 Protective action of oral N-acetylcysteine against gastric injury: role of hypertonic sodium.
24  N-acetylsphingosine
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
Lpla2 (6 times)
AH (1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
1998 Inhibition of skin carcinomas but not papillomas by sphingosine, N-methylsphingosine, and N-acetylsphingosine.
25  National Ambulance Service
(6 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AMI (1 time)
EMTs (1 time)
HSVS (1 time)
2014 Impact of referral transport system on institutional deliveries in Haryana, India.
26  Non-caloric artificial sweeteners
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
CFM (1 time)
MBs (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2014 Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota.
27  Nephroangiosclerosis
(5 times)
Kidney Diseases
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
ARAS (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
1998 [Ischemic renal diseases have become the most frequent causes of end stage renal disease in the elderly].
28  neural architecture search
(5 times)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2020 Efficient network architecture search via multiobjective particle swarm optimization based on decomposition.
29  neurological assessment scores
(5 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
DDFPe (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
TTC (2 times)
2010 Stroke location and brain function in an embolic rabbit stroke model.
30  Novaco Anger Scale
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
COV (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
ID (1 time)
1998 Novaco Anger Scale: reliability and validity within an adult criminal sample.
31  NAFLD histologic activity score
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
NASH (4 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
AST and ALT (1 time)
2010 Randomized controlled trial testing the effects of weight loss on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
32  National Autistic Society
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ASD (2 times)
CAMHS (1 time)
1995 No association between prenatal exposure to influenza and autism.
33  Naval Air Station
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CAMs (1 time)
PHS (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1995 Chlorinated contaminants in chorio-allantoic membranes from great blue heron eggs at Whidbey Island Naval Air Station.
34  negative attributional style
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2004 Processing of emotional information in seasonal depression across different cognitive measures.
35  network attached storages
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
RAID (2 times)
DICOM (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2012 Development of a next-generation automated DICOM processing system in a PACS-less research environment.
36  nonadjustable sutures
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AS (4 times)
PD (1 time)
2012 Utility of adjustable sutures in primary strabismus surgery and reoperations.
37  nucleophilic aromatic substitution
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
SRNF (1 time)
2005 Porphyrin-functionalized dendrimers: synthesis and application as recyclable photocatalysts in a nanofiltration membrane reactor.
38  NA synthase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NA (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2003 Three rice nicotianamine synthase genes, OsNAS1, OsNAS2, and OsNAS3 are expressed in cells involved in long-distance transport of iron and differentially regulated by iron.
39  National Acceptor Survey
(3 times)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
--- 1978 Estimating the effects of contraceptive use on fertility: techniques and findings from the 1974 Philippine National Acceptor Survey.
40  National Asthma Survey
(3 times)
Asthma
(1 time)
CDC (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Design and operation of the National Asthma Survey.
41  Negative Affect Scale
(3 times)
Environmental Pollutants
(2 times)
IEI (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
APQ (1 time)
1994 Exploring the validity of the Affect Balance Scale with a sample of family caregivers.
42  negative attitude scale
(3 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
PAS (3 times)
CSAS (2 times)
MD (1 time)
2005 Undergraduate students' attitudes to communication skills learning differ depending on year of study and gender.
43  Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BDZ (1 time)
CGIS (1 time)
GSC (1 time)
1992 Validity and reliability of the Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale.
44  new active substance
(3 times)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
GMP (1 time)
GRevP (1 time)
2014 "New drug" designations for new therapeutic entities: new active substance, new chemical entity, new biological entity, new molecular entity.
45  non-alcoholic steatosis
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
NASH (3 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
ATF4 (1 time)
2011 Hepatic fatty acid translocase CD36 upregulation is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinaemia and increased steatosis in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic hepatitis C.
46  non-AS
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
AS (3 times)
BCs (1 time)
DBE (1 time)
2014 Systematic review of absorbable vs non-absorbable sutures used for the closure of surgical incisions.
47  nonabsorbable spacers
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AS (3 times)
ESS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2012 Middle meatal spacers for the prevention of synechiae following endoscopic sinus surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
48  nucleic acid-sensing
(3 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2013 The role of UNC93B1 protein in surface localization of TLR3 receptor and in cell priming to nucleic acid agonists.
49  nutrient adequacy score
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2008 Low energy density diets are associated with favorable nutrient intake profile and adequacy in free-living elderly men and women.
50  nutritional assessment score
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IRT (1 time)
NURIMAS (1 time)
SGA (1 time)
2017 Nutritional risk in major abdominal surgery: NURIMAS Liver (DRKS00010923) - protocol of a prospective observational trial to evaluate the prognostic value of different nutritional scores in hepatic surgery.
51  N-acetylcysteine
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CHR (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
FORs (1 time)
1999 The effect of antioxidant therapy on cell-mediated immunity following burn injury in an animal model.
52  N-acylserines
(2 times)
NAPS (1 time)
2014 Accumulation of N-Acylphosphatidylserines and N-Acylserines in the Frontal Cortex in Schizophrenia.
53  nalidixic acid sensitive
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NAR (2 times)
QRDR (2 times)
NAI (1 time)
2004 Reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and gyra gene mutation in North Indian strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi and serotype Paratyphi A.
54  nasal air samplers
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IOM (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
2000 Personal exposure to allergenic pollen and mould spores in inland New South Wales, Australia.
55  nasal spray
(2 times)
Sports
(1 time)
CAF (2 times)
GLUC (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2017 Electro-physiological changes in the brain induced by caffeine or glucose nasal spray.
56  National Airspace System
(2 times)
Research
(1 time)
ATC (1 time)
CWA (1 time)
TLS (1 time)
2005 Work domain analysis for air traffic controller weather displays.
57  National Allocation System
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
BRANDS (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2008 A novel scheme for graft allocation in non-heart beating donor renal transplantation.
58  needle access segment
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AVF (2 times)
BVT (1 time)
DDUS (1 time)
2016 Successful use of minimal incision superficialization technique for arteriovenous fistula maturation.
59  negative affect score
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
FMI (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2017 Encouraging Mindfulness in Medical House Staff via Smartphone App: A Pilot Study.
60  negative attitudes
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
PAS (2 times)
CSAS (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
2007 Assessing medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills--which components of attitudes do we measure?
61  Neighborhood Attachment Scale
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AAH (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2013 Observer ratings of neighborhoods: comparison of two methods.
62  neo-adjuvant androgen suppression
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
DPs (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2000 The case for neoadjuvant androgen suppression before radiation therapy.
63  neonatal abstinence scores
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2004 A pilot study of newer antidepressant concentrations in cord and maternal serum and possible effects in the neonate.
64  net signal analysis method
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
--- 2013 [Research on Raman spectra quantitative analysis model of ethanol aqueous solution based on net analyte signal].
65  neuroasymptomatic
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADC (2 times)
Cho (2 times)
MRS (2 times)
2004 A multicenter in vivo proton-MRS study of HIV-associated dementia and its relationship to age.
66  neutron activation system
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EAST (1 time)
PTS (1 time)
2012 Development of the prototype pneumatic transfer system for ITER neutron activation system.
67  Non-attachment Scale
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
A-RSQ (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
EQ (1 time)
2016 Psychological Effects of a 1-Month Meditation Retreat on Experienced Meditators: The Role of Non-attachment.
68  nonavailability statement
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
MTF (1 time)
NDAA-01 (1 time)
NDAA-02 (1 time)
2005 TRICARE; elimination of non-availability statement and referral authorization requirements and elimination of specialized treatment services program. Final rule.
69  nonindigenous aquatic species
(2 times)
--- 2018 Pathways and places associated with nonindigenous aquatic species introductions in the Laurentian Great Lakes.
70  normal-appearing sites
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1984 Langerhans' cell and vitiligo: quantitative study of T6 and HLA-DR antigen-expressing cells.
71  Nottingham Adjustment Scale
(2 times)
Optometry
(1 time)
AS-WAS (1 time)
AVL (1 time)
GDS (1 time)
2010 Derivation of the acceptance and self-worth adjustment scale.
72  nucleophilic acyl substitution
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Nucleophilic acyl substitutions of anhydrides with protic nucleophiles catalyzed by amphoteric, oxomolybdenum species.
73  nucleus accumbens region
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
MS (1 time)
1987 Dopamine neurons grafted unilaterally to the nucleus accumbens affect drug-induced circling and locomotion.
74  numerical analogue scale
(2 times)
Pain Management
(1 time)
--- 2000 Topical ketamine gel: possible role in treating neuropathic pain.
75  Nurse Attitude Scale
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
2005 A study of emotional attitude of psychiatric nurses: reliability and validity of the Nurse Attitude Scale.
76  nursing assistance systematization
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2004 [Clarifying the implementation of nursing care systematization].
77  Nutrition Adjuvant Study
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1987 A breast cancer Nutrition Adjuvant Study (NAS): protocol design and initial patient adherence.
78  Uninephrectomy/aldosterone/salt
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
Lcn2 (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2015 Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin, a Novel Mineralocorticoid Biotarget, Mediates Vascular Profibrotic Effects of Mineralocorticoids.
79  2-naphthalenesulfonate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SMM (1 time)
2018 Single molecule magnetic behaviour in lanthanide naphthalenesulfonate complexes.
80  AerAOB-dominated activated sludge
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AerAOB (1 time)
EPSs (1 time)
OHHL (1 time)
2018 Synergy of N-(3-oxohexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone and tryptophan-like outer extracellular substances in granular sludge dominated by aerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria.
81  aspirin and sodium salicylate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Inhibitory effects of sodium salicylate and acetylsalicylic acid on UVB-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis.
82  Background Neonatal abstinence syndrome
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
MMOD (1 time)
2017 Variations in Infant CYP2B6 Genotype Associated with the Need for Pharmacological Treatment for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in Infants of Methadone-Maintained Opioid-Dependent Mothers.
83  intra-nucleus accumbens
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
1988 Opposite actions of CCK-8 on amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy following intracerebroventricular and intra-accumbens injections in rats.
84  N-acetyl cysteine
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NUCB2 (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2017 Ghrelin and NUCB2/Nesfatin-1 expression in unilateral testicular torsion-induced rats with and without N-acetylcysteine.
85  N-acetyl-sulfadoxine
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
PYR (1 time)
SDX (1 time)
1996 High-performance liquid chromatography determination of pyrimethamine, dapsone, monoacetyldapsone, sulfadoxine, and N-acetyl-sulfadoxine after rapid solid-phase extraction.
86  N-acetylation of serotonin and sulphate conjugation of the acetylated product
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DCNP (1 time)
PST (1 time)
1993 Sulphate conjugation of serotonin and N-acetylserotonin in the mosquito, Aedes togoi.
87  N-acyl amino acid synthase
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Characterization of a novel antibacterial N-acyl amino acid synthase from soil metagenome.
88  N-arylaminonaphthalene sulfonate
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
2008 Fluorescent N-arylaminonaphthalene sulfonate probes for amyloid aggregation of alpha-synuclein.
89  N-glycosylated acidic subunit
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NCL (1 time)
rNCL (1 time)
2006 Extracellular production of neoculin, a sweet-tasting heterodimeric protein with taste-modifying activity, by Aspergillus oryzae.
90  n. accumbens septi
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 [The effect of damage to the n. accumbens septi on drinking behavior and on the ion-regulatory and excretory functions of the kidneys].
91  N4-acetylsulfisoxazole
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1973 Renal handling of N4-acetylsulfisoxazole (NAS).
92  NA sulfate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DHAS (1 time)
NA (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
1986 Persistent effects of a marathon run on the pituitary-testicular axis.
93  NAFLD diagnosis and activity score
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2018 VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY, A NONINVASIVE MARKER OF STEATOHEPATITIS IN PATIENTS WITH OBESITY AND BIOPSY PROVEN NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE.
94  nail area severity
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Dystrophic psoriatic fingernails treated with 1% 5-fluorouracil in a nail penetration-enhancing vehicle: a double-blind study.
95  nalidixic acid and sulfamethazine
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AGS (1 time)
2012 A simple, semiselective medium for anaerobic isolation of anginosus group streptococci from patients with chronic lung disease.
96  nalidixic acid susceptible
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
NAR (1 time)
2016 Six-year susceptibility trends and effect of revised Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute breakpoints on ciprofloxacin susceptibility reporting in typhoidal Salmonellae in a tertiary care paediatric hospital in Northern India.
97  nalidixic acid susceptible C coli
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
NAR (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of the API-campy system in the biochemical identification of hippurate negative campylobacter strains isolated from faeces.
98  Nannochloropsis
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
HTL (1 time)
TAN (1 time)
2018 Hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae over transition metal supported TiO2 catalyst.
99  nanopowder agglomerate sintering
(1 time)
--- 2013 Consolidation of Hierarchy-Structured Nanopowder Agglomerates and Its Application to Net-Shaping Nanopowder Materials.
100  nanozymatic antioxidant system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CATs (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
EAS (1 time)
2018 Nanozymatic Antioxidant System Based on MoS2 Nanosheets.