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Abbreviation: NAs
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Long forms: 108

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nucleos(t)ide analogues
(276 times)
Gastroenterology
(103 times)
HBV (143 times)
CHB (114 times)
HCC (38 times)
2000 Enhanced liver blood concentrations of adenine arabinoside accomplished by lactosaminated poly-L-lysine coupling: implications for regional chemotherapy of hepatic micrometastases.
naphthenic acids
(181 times)
Environmental Health
(134 times)
OSPW (101 times)
AEF (10 times)
PAHs (9 times)
2001 Naphthenic acids and surrogate naphthenic acids in methanogenic microcosms.
nursing assistants
(82 times)
Nursing
(33 times)
RNs (13 times)
NH (3 times)
PA (3 times)
1990 A validity study of four empathy instruments.
nucleic acids
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
TLR (3 times)
CLs (2 times)
DNA (2 times)
0 [Differential diagnosis of the viral etiology of suspected mumps in a population with high vaccine coverage].
neuraminidases
(27 times)
Virology
(7 times)
HA (4 times)
NAIs (3 times)
cat (2 times)
1983 Micro neuraminidase-inhibition assay for classification of influenza A virus neuraminidases.
nurse aides
(19 times)
Nursing
(11 times)
LTCs (3 times)
LPNs (2 times)
RNs (2 times)
1991 An analysis of blood and body fluid exposures sustained by house officers, medical students, and nursing personnel on acute-care general medical wards: a prospective study.
nuclear abnormalities
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
MN (14 times)
8-OHdG (2 times)
BN (2 times)
2005 Micronucleus test in fish cells: a bioassay for in situ monitoring of genotoxic pollution in the marine environment.
N-nitrosamines
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
NDMA (4 times)
NDEA (3 times)
EI (2 times)
1976 Detection and determination of N-nitrosamines by thin-layer chromatography using fluorescamine.
numerical apertures
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
BSM (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
eSILs (1 time)
2007 Coupling and cross-talk effects in 12-15 microm diameter single-mode fiber arrays for simultaneous transmission and photon collection from scattering media.
10  neutralizing antibodies
(15 times)
Virology
(3 times)
PRRSV (5 times)
IL (2 times)
PRRS (2 times)
1990 Human immunodeficiency virus neutralizing antibodies in sera from North Americans and Africans.
11  Native Americans
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AAs (2 times)
CAs (2 times)
HAs (2 times)
2007 Why do African Americans get more colon cancer than Native Africans?
12  nursing aides
(11 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
RNs (4 times)
LBP (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1984 Low-back pain in nurses and some loading factors of work.
13  nurse anesthetists
(10 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
CCU (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
KATH (1 time)
2001 Carpal tunnel syndrome in female nurse anesthetists versus operating room nurses: prevalence, laterality, and impact of handedness.
14  nanoassemblies
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Ara-C (1 time)
Chol-PEG (1 time)
CNAs (1 time)
2011 A comprehensive study of the spontaneous formation of nanoassemblies in water by a "lock-and-key" interaction between two associative polymers.
15  nerve agents
(8 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AChE (2 times)
hAChE (2 times)
OPs (2 times)
2014 Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of bis-quaternary 2-(hydroxyimino)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)acetamide derivatives as reactivators against sarin and VX inhibited human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE).
16  nitrosamines
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DBPs (2 times)
API (1 time)
au (1 time)
2007 High speed and reproducible analysis of nitrosamines by capillary electrophoresis with a sulfonated capillary.
17  nanorod arrays
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
NPs (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CSNAs (1 time)
2016 Hierarchical three-dimensional branched hematite nanorod arrays with enhanced mid-visible light absorption for high-efficiency photoelectrochemical water splitting.
18  nitroanilines
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
pNA (2 times)
2-M-4-NA (1 time)
4-M-3,5-DNA (1 time)
2012 Reactions of platinum(IV)-bound nitriles with isomeric nitroanilines: addition vs. substitution.
19  novel agents
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
MM (4 times)
ASCT (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2011 Novel agents improve survival of transplant patients with multiple myeloma including those with high-risk disease defined by early relapse (<12 months).
20  nanoaggregates
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DOX (2 times)
CPT (1 time)
cryo-TEM (1 time)
2016 Zeolite Beta Formation from Clear Sols: Silicate Speciation, Particle Formation and Crystallization Monitored by Complementary Analysis Methods.
21  nanoalloys
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TEM (2 times)
EDX (1 time)
ICP-OES (1 time)
2013 Enhanced magnetization in highly crystalline and atomically mixed bcc Fe-Co nanoalloys prepared by hydrogen reduction of oxide composites.
22  nanoarchitectures
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
VNPs (1 time)
2014 Fabrication of nanoarchitectures templated by virus-based nanoparticles: strategies and applications.
23  Nerve agents
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
OP (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
2003 Nerve agent attacks on children: diagnosis and management.
24  nonathletes
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EAs (2 times)
RV (2 times)
CIR (1 time)
2012 Exercise strain rate imaging demonstrates normal right ventricular contractile reserve and clarifies ambiguous resting measures in endurance athletes.
25  nucleating agents
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
iPP (2 times)
NE (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2012 Novel polypropylene/inorganic fullerene-like WS2 nanocomposites containing a beta-nucleating agent: isothermal crystallization and melting behavior.
26  nanoantennas
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FEM (1 time)
LSPRs (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2014 Nanoantennas for ultrabright single photon sources.
27  nanoarrays
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ETLs (1 time)
GHSV (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
2014 Dye-sensitized nanoarrays with discotic liquid crystals as interlayer for high-efficiency inverted polymer solar cells.
28  narrow angles
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AS-OCT (3 times)
SPAC (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
2008 Screening for narrow angles in the singapore population: evaluation of new noncontact screening methods.
29  nasal allergies
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AR (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
LA (1 time)
2010 Nasal allergies in the Latin American population: results from the Allergies in Latin America survey.
30  nasal aspirates
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
HNPs (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2002 Rhinovirus is associated with severe asthma exacerbations and raised nasal interleukin-12.
31  naturalistic actions
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
aMCI (2 times)
IADL (1 time)
NNAs (1 time)
2012 Effects of familiarity and cognitive function on naturalistic action performance.
32  new agents
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
mCRPC (2 times)
CABA (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
2014 Impacts of new agents for multiple myeloma on development of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia.
33  nurse administrators
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
OCNSs (1 time)
1992 Collaboration between oncology clinical nurse specialists and nursing administrators.
34  nano-structured arrays
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
NSL (1 time)
2012 Nano-structured arrays for multiplex analyses and Lab-on-a-Chip applications.
35  nanowire arrays
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
2014 High-performance supercapacitor electrodes based on hierarchical Ti@MnO(2) nanowire arrays.
36  naphthenates
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
phth (1 time)
2002 Naphthenic acids inhibit root water transport, gas exchange and leaf growth in aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedlings.
37  nascent adhesions
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Integrin-associated complexes form hierarchically with variable stoichiometry in nascent adhesions.
38  natural antibodies
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BAG (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
2006 Interference with O-glycosylation in RMA lymphoma cells leads to a reduced in vivo growth of the tumor.
39  neuropil aggregates
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBP (1 time)
HD (1 time)
hiPSC (1 time)
2005 Neuronal intranuclear inclusions and neuropil aggregates in HdhCAG(150) knockin mice.
40  new oral anticoagulants
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
VTE (2 times)
HT (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2012 Dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban versus enoxaparin for thomboprophylaxis after total knee or hip arthroplasty: pool-analysis of phase III randomized clinical trials.
41  non-asthmatics
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
ATo (1 time)
2002 [Analysis of eosinophilia and ECP levels in blood and nasal secretions of 119 nasal polyposis patients].
42  normal adrenals
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
4EBP1 (1 time)
ACAs (1 time)
ACCs (1 time)
2010 The role of TASK1 in aldosterone production and its expression in normal adrenal and aldosterone-producing adenomas.
43  normal attenders
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
FAs (2 times)
DP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 Predictive factors for long-term sick leave and disability pension among frequent and normal attenders in primary health care over 5 years.
44  nursing auxiliaries
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HCS (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
QNs (1 time)
1993 Comparing qualified nurse and auxiliary roles.
45  beta-naphthylamides
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1976 [Localization and separation of various amino acid arylamidases in the uterus and blastocyst of the rabbit].
46  circuits-neuronal assemblies
(1 time)
Neural Pathways
(1 time)
--- 2017 Neuronal Assemblies Evidence Distributed Interactions within a Tactile Discrimination Task in Rats.
47  encode a secretable protein
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Recombinant neuraminidase vaccine protects against lethal influenza.
48  nano gold particles
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
GOD (1 time)
2007 Direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase entrapped in nano gold particles-ionic liquid-N,N-dimethylformamide composite film on glassy carbon electrode and glucose sensing.
49  nanoagonists
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2014 Overcoming the blood-brain barrier for delivering drugs into the brain by using adenosine receptor nanoagonist.
50  nanocrystallites aggregates
(1 time)
DSCs (1 time)
NSs (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
2018 Design of SnO₂ Aggregate/Nanosheet Composite Structures Based on Function-Matching Strategy for Enhanced Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Performance.
51  Nanometre aggregates
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BHT (1 time)
FITC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2018 Isolation and characterization of nanometre aggregates from a Bai-Hu-Tang decoction and their antipyretic effect.
52  nanoparticle aggregates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NNs (1 time)
2014 Facile synthesis of 3D Pd-P nanoparticle networks with enhanced electrocatalytic performance towards formic acid electrooxidation.
53  nanoscale aggregates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
2017 Alternative Route to Nanoscale Aggregates with a pH-Responsive Random Copolymer.
54  nanosphere arrays
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2015 Large-Area Nanosphere Self-Assembly by a Micro-Propulsive Injection Method for High Throughput Periodic Surface Nanotexturing.
55  nanotube arrays
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2018 Vertically Aligned Co9 S8 Nanotube Arrays onto Graphene Papers as High-Performance Flexible Electrodes for Supercapacitors.
56  nascent integrin adhesions
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2016 The FAK-Arp2/3 interaction promotes leading edge advance and haptosensing by coupling nascent adhesions to lamellipodia actin.
57  national associations
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
2017 Supporting Governance of Economic Development: The PAANEEAC Experience in Central Africa.
58  national averages
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OCR (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2003 The Patterns of Care Study and Regional Cancer Registry for non-small-cell lung cancer in Japan.
59  native vessels
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2011 Tissue engineering human small-caliber autologous vessels using a xenogenous decellularized connective tissue matrix approach: preclinical comparative biomechanical studies.
60  natural almonds
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PSDs (1 time)
RAs (1 time)
2015 Effect of mastication on lipid bioaccessibility of almonds in a randomized human study and its implications for digestion kinetics, metabolizable energy, and postprandial lipemia.
61  naturally occurring antibodies
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2009 B-1 cells and naturally occurring antibodies: influencing the immunogenicity of recombinant human therapeutic proteins?
62  Nearest-neighbor configuration in (GaIn)
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Nearest-neighbor configuration in (GaIn)(NAs) probed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy.
63  necklace-shaped Au-Ag nanoalloys
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CVL (1 time)
NLA (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2011 Necklace-shaped Au-Ag nanoalloys: laser-assisted synthesis and nonlinear optical properties.
64  negative appendectomies
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SCOAP (1 time)
2012 Progress in the diagnosis of appendicitis: a report from Washington State's Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program.
65  negatively charged compounds
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Naphthenic acids in coastal sediments after the Hebei Spirit oil spill: a potential indicator for oil contamination.
66  neoagaro-oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IPTG (1 time)
OD600 (1 time)
rAgaM1 (1 time)
2019 Extracellular expression of agarase rAgaM1 in Bacillus subtilis and its ability for neoagaro-oligosaccharide production.
67  Neonatal arrhythmias
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
PACs (1 time)
2016 A case series of neonatal arrhythmias.
68  neostriatum
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Am (1 time)
HA (1 time)
NIL (1 time)
2001 Projections of the oval nucleus of the hyperstriatum ventrale in the budgerigar: relationships with the auditory system.
69  network associates
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBOs (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2005 Use of social networks to identify persons with undiagnosed HIV infection--seven U.S. cities, October 2003-September 2004.
70  neuraminidase gene
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Characterization of the neuraminidase genes from human influenza A viruses circulating in Iran from 2010 to 2015.
71  neurobehavioural abnormalities
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
2017 Amlodipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, protects against chlorpromazine-induced neurobehavioural deficits in mice.
72  neurogenic atrophies
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
mt (1 time)
2005 Mitochondrial changes in skeletal muscle in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurogenic atrophies.
73  Neurological abnormalities
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DZ (1 time)
MZ (1 time)
2006 Neurological abnormalities in schizophrenic twins.
74  neuropathic arthropathies
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
PUs (1 time)
2019 Plantar Ulcers and Neuropathic Arthropathies: Associated Diseases, Polyneuropathy Correlates, and Risk Covariates.
75  neutralising growth factor antibodies
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PDGF (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2004 Vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor 2, platelet derived growth factor and transforming growth factor beta released in human dental pulp following orthodontic force.
76  neutralization assays
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EBA (1 time)
1992 Characterization of serum antibody responses to natural rotavirus infections in children by VP7-specific epitope-blocking assays.
77  neutralizing agents
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CHG (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of surgical hand scrub products based on chlorhexidine is largely overestimated without neutralizing agents in the sampling fluid.
78  new antimicrobial metal-enzyme nanoaggregates
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
alphaNPs (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2018 Metal-Enzyme Nanoaggregates Eradicate Both Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria and Their Biofilms.
79  newer antidepressants
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NTCAs (1 time)
OAs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1998 Response and discontinuation rates of newer antidepressants: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in treating depression.
80  newspaper articles
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2005 Scientific drug information in newspapers: sensationalism and low quality. The example of therapeutic use of cannabinoids.
81  Nighttime arrivals
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 Nocturnal violence: implications for resident trauma operative experiences.
82  nitroalkene fatty acids
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Nitroalkene fatty acids mediate activation of Nrf2/ARE-dependent and PPARgamma-dependent transcription by distinct signaling pathways and with significantly different potencies.
83  nitroarenes
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
BaP (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of a battery of Salmonella typhimurium tester strains for biomonitoring of mutagenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitroarenes and aromatic amines.
84  Nodulisporic acids
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Hypoxylon pulicicidum sp. nov. (Ascomycota, Xylariales), a pantropical insecticide-producing endophyte.
85  non asthmatic patients
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ATo (1 time)
NAto (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2002 [Analysis of eosinophilia and ECP levels in blood and nasal secretions of 119 nasal polyposis patients].
86  non-abusers
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
NVUGIB (1 time)
2015 Alcohol Abuse Increases Rebleeding Risk and Mortality in Patients with Non-variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
87  non-anesthesiologists
(1 time)
Emergency Medical Services
(1 time)
PED (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2018 Higher Mallampati Scores Are Not Associated with More Adverse Events During Pediatric Procedural Sedation and Analgesia.
88  non-occupational asthmatics
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AECs (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2018 Serum Periostin Levels: A Potential Serologic Marker for Toluene Diisocyanate-Induced Occupational Asthma.
89  nonalcoholics
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ALs (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1995 Depression of an inhibitory reflex, the masseteric silent period, in recovering alcoholics.
90  nonanoic acids
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Quantum Chemical Investigation on Photochemical Reactions of Nonanoic Acids at Air-Water Interface.
91  nonathlete male volunteers
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
PVPs (1 time)
2016 Decreased Circulating mtDNA Levels in Professional Male Volleyball Players.
92  nonathletic controls
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
EAT-26 (1 time)
GYMs (1 time)
2005 Disordered eating in Japanese and Chinese female runners, rhythmic gymnasts and gymnasts.
93  nonatopic subjects
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
KBG (1 time)
TGAs (1 time)
1995 Comparison of IgE and IgG antibody responses of atopic individuals with sensitization to tree and grass pollens.
94  Nonexercise activities
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
--- 2016 Energetic Assessment of the Nonexercise Activities under Free-Living Conditions.
95  nonmolar abortuses
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CMs (1 time)
PMs (1 time)
2007 A distinct pattern in the DNA ploidy histograms of hydatidiform moles and nonmolar abortuses is caused by accumulation of trophoblasts in the late s-phase.
96  noradrenergic antidepressants
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CGI (1 time)
GAF (1 time)
SSRIs (1 time)
2002 Treatment of resistant depression by adding noradrenergic agents to lithium augmentation of SSRIs.
97  normal adrenal cortices
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ACTH-R (1 time)
AIs (1 time)
APAs (1 time)
2012 Expression of aldosterone synthase and adrenocorticotropic hormone receptor in adrenal incidentalomas from normotensive and hypertensive patients: Distinguishing subclinical or atypical primary aldosteronism from adrenal incidentaloma.
98  normal adrenal glands
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
LINE-1 (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2014 Decreased LINE-1 methylation levels in aldosterone-producing adenoma.
99  North Africans
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2017 Fast multiple sclerosis progression in North Africans: Both genetics and environment matter.
100  notification attributes
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
EMs (1 time)
2002 Extended attributes of event monitor systems for criteria-based notification modalities.