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Abbreviation: NAs
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Long forms: 140

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nucleos(t)ide analogues
(447 times)
Gastroenterology
(153 times)
HBV (227 times)
CHB (194 times)
HBsAg (77 times)
1999 Enhanced liver blood concentrations of adenine arabinoside accomplished by lactosaminated poly-L-lysine coupling: implications for regional chemotherapy of hepatic micrometastases.
naphthenic acids
(227 times)
Environmental Health
(170 times)
OSPW (128 times)
PAHs (12 times)
AEF (10 times)
2001 Naphthenic acids and surrogate naphthenic acids in methanogenic microcosms.
nucleic acids
(111 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
CLs (3 times)
DNA (3 times)
HBV (3 times)
1976 Multi-hit theory of the origin of life: problems of growth rate of protobionts and of speed of earliest evolution. I.
nursing assistants
(89 times)
Nursing
(37 times)
RNs (14 times)
NHs (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1990 A validity study of four empathy instruments.
neuraminidases
(37 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
HA (5 times)
OSC (4 times)
NAIs (3 times)
1983 Micro neuraminidase-inhibition assay for classification of influenza A virus neuraminidases.
Native Americans
(28 times)
Pain
(6 times)
NHWs (6 times)
NHW (4 times)
AAs (3 times)
2006 Why do African Americans get more colon cancer than Native Africans?
N-nitrosamines
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
NDMA (5 times)
NDEA (3 times)
EI (2 times)
1976 Detection and determination of N-nitrosamines by thin-layer chromatography using fluorescamine.
nerve agents
(24 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
AChE (5 times)
OP (5 times)
SE (5 times)
2003 Nerve agent attacks on children: diagnosis and management.
nuclear abnormalities
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
MN (17 times)
8-OHdG (2 times)
BN (2 times)
2005 Micronucleus test in fish cells: a bioassay for in situ monitoring of genotoxic pollution in the marine environment.
10  neutralizing antibodies
(22 times)
Virology
(5 times)
PRRSV (9 times)
PRRS (3 times)
IL (2 times)
1990 Human immunodeficiency virus neutralizing antibodies in sera from North Americans and Africans.
11  nitrosamines
(22 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
NDMA (6 times)
DBPs (5 times)
NDPA (5 times)
2007 High speed and reproducible analysis of nitrosamines by capillary electrophoresis with a sulfonated capillary.
12  nanoassemblies
(21 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
LIFUS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
2010 A comprehensive study of the spontaneous formation of nanoassemblies in water by a "lock-and-key" interaction between two associative polymers.
13  numerical apertures
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
FDTD (2 times)
BSM (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
2007 Coupling and cross-talk effects in 12-15 microm diameter single-mode fiber arrays for simultaneous transmission and photon collection from scattering media.
14  nurse aides
(17 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
LTCs (3 times)
LTC (2 times)
RNs (2 times)
1996 Environmental "white noise": an intervention for verbally agitated nursing home residents.
15  nursing aides
(12 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
RNs (4 times)
LBP (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1984 Low-back pain in nurses and some loading factors of work.
16  nurse anesthetists
(11 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
CCU (1 time)
CNs (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
2001 Carpal tunnel syndrome in female nurse anesthetists versus operating room nurses: prevalence, laterality, and impact of handedness.
17  nanoarrays
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
EQE (1 time)
ETLs (1 time)
2014 Dye-sensitized nanoarrays with discotic liquid crystals as interlayer for high-efficiency inverted polymer solar cells.
18  nanorod arrays
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
FTO (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
PEC (2 times)
2013 ZnO Nanorod Arrays and Hollow Spheres through a Facile Room-Temperature Solution Route and Their Enhanced Ethanol Gas-Sensing Properties.
19  nanoalloys
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TEM (2 times)
DAFCs (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2013 Enhanced magnetization in highly crystalline and atomically mixed bcc Fe-Co nanoalloys prepared by hydrogen reduction of oxide composites.
20  novel agents
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
OS (5 times)
MM (4 times)
ASCT (3 times)
2010 Novel agents improve survival of transplant patients with multiple myeloma including those with high-risk disease defined by early relapse (<12 months).
21  nurse assistants
(8 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
GH (1 time)
MH (1 time)
PCC (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of a training programme on knowledge and compliance of nurse assistants' hand hygiene in nursing homes.
22  nanoaggregates
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CPT (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
cryo-TEM (1 time)
2016 Zeolite Beta Formation from Clear Sols: Silicate Speciation, Particle Formation and Crystallization Monitored by Complementary Analysis Methods.
23  nano-architectures
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DIPGs (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
PEI (1 time)
2013 Fabrication of nanoarchitectures templated by virus-based nanoparticles: strategies and applications.
24  nascent adhesions
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FAs (2 times)
iSCAT (1 time)
ODE (1 time)
2014 Integrin-associated complexes form hierarchically with variable stoichiometry in nascent adhesions.
25  nitroanilines
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
pNA (2 times)
2-M-4-NA (1 time)
4-M-3,5-DNA (1 time)
2012 Reactions of platinum(IV)-bound nitriles with isomeric nitroanilines: addition vs. substitution.
26  nucleating agents
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
iPP (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
NE (1 time)
2012 Novel polypropylene/inorganic fullerene-like WS2 nanocomposites containing a beta-nucleating agent: isothermal crystallization and melting behavior.
27  nurses' aides
(5 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
LPNs (2 times)
RNs (2 times)
GLM (1 time)
1991 An analysis of blood and body fluid exposures sustained by house officers, medical students, and nursing personnel on acute-care general medical wards: a prospective study.
28  narrow angles
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AS-OCT (3 times)
SPAC (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
2008 Screening for narrow angles in the singapore population: evaluation of new noncontact screening methods.
29  new agents
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CABA (2 times)
mCRPC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2014 Impacts of new agents for multiple myeloma on development of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia.
30  nanoantennas
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FEM (1 time)
LSPRs (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2014 Nanoantennas for ultrabright single photon sources.
31  nanowire arrays
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PFC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2014 High-performance supercapacitor electrodes based on hierarchical Ti@MnO(2) nanowire arrays.
32  nasal allergies
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AR (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
LA (1 time)
2010 Nasal allergies in the Latin American population: results from the Allergies in Latin America survey.
33  nasal aspirates
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
HNPs (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2002 Rhinovirus is associated with severe asthma exacerbations and raised nasal interleukin-12.
34  natural aggregates
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBP (1 time)
CDW (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2005 Neuronal intranuclear inclusions and neuropil aggregates in HdhCAG(150) knockin mice.
35  naturalistic actions
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
aMCI (2 times)
IADL (1 time)
NNAs (1 time)
2011 Effects of familiarity and cognitive function on naturalistic action performance.
36  nonathletes
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EAs (1 time)
ETs (1 time)
FAIS (1 time)
2011 Exercise strain rate imaging demonstrates normal right ventricular contractile reserve and clarifies ambiguous resting measures in endurance athletes.
37  normal adrenals
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
4EBP1 (1 time)
ACAs (1 time)
ACCs (1 time)
2009 The role of TASK1 in aldosterone production and its expression in normal adrenal and aldosterone-producing adenomas.
38  nurse administrators
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
OCNSs (1 time)
1992 Collaboration between oncology clinical nurse specialists and nursing administrators.
39  nano-structured arrays
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
NSL (1 time)
2012 Nano-structured arrays for multiplex analyses and Lab-on-a-Chip applications.
40  nanofibrous aerogels
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PAA (1 time)
PEO (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2020 Conductive and Elastic TiO2 Nanofibrous Aerogels: A New Concept toward Self-Supported Electrocatalysts with Superior Activity and Durability.
41  nanoparticle arrays
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
MOS (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2020 Fabrication of wide-detection-range H2 sensors with controllable saturation behavior using Au@Pd nanoparticle arrays.
42  nanotube arrays
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EIS (1 time)
GP (1 time)
MO (1 time)
2017 Vertically Aligned Co9 S8 Nanotube Arrays onto Graphene Papers as High-Performance Flexible Electrodes for Supercapacitors.
43  naphthenates
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
phth (1 time)
2002 Naphthenic acids inhibit root water transport, gas exchange and leaf growth in aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedlings.
44  natural antibodies
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BAG (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
2006 Interference with O-glycosylation in RMA lymphoma cells leads to a reduced in vivo growth of the tumor.
45  natural anticoagulants
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
VTE (2 times)
HT (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2012 Dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban versus enoxaparin for thomboprophylaxis after total knee or hip arthroplasty: pool-analysis of phase III randomized clinical trials.
46  network associates
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CBOs (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2005 Use of social networks to identify persons with undiagnosed HIV infection--seven U.S. cities, October 2003-September 2004.
47  non asthmatics
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
ATo (1 time)
2003 [Analysis of eosinophilia and ECP levels in blood and nasal secretions of 119 nasal polyposis patients].
48  non-athletes
(2 times)
Gambling
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
2015 Exercise-induced right ventricular dysfunction is associated with ventricular arrhythmias in endurance athletes.
49  non-athletic controls
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
EAT-26 (1 time)
2005 Disordered eating in Japanese and Chinese female runners, rhythmic gymnasts and gymnasts.
50  normal adrenal glands
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
APAs (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2014 Decreased LINE-1 methylation levels in aldosterone-producing adenoma.
51  normal attenders
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
FAs (2 times)
DP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2006 Predictive factors for long-term sick leave and disability pension among frequent and normal attenders in primary health care over 5 years.
52  North Americans
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2017 Fast multiple sclerosis progression in North Africans: Both genetics and environment matter.
53  nurse auxiliaries
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HCS (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
QNs (1 time)
1993 Comparing qualified nurse and auxiliary roles.
54  beta-naphthylamides
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1976 [Localization and separation of various amino acid arylamidases in the uterus and blastocyst of the rabbit].
55  circuits-neuronal assemblies
(1 time)
Neural Pathways
(1 time)
--- 2018 Neuronal Assemblies Evidence Distributed Interactions within a Tactile Discrimination Task in Rats.
56  encode a secretable protein
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Recombinant neuraminidase vaccine protects against lethal influenza.
57  naive astrocytes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
beta1Ab (1 time)
LMD (1 time)
RAs (1 time)
2021 Microglial inflammation after chronic spinal cord injury is enhanced by reactive astrocytes via the fibronectin/beta1 integrin pathway.
58  nano gold particles
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
GOD (1 time)
2007 Direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase entrapped in nano gold particles-ionic liquid-N,N-dimethylformamide composite film on glassy carbon electrode and glucose sensing.
59  nanoadsorbents
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
Ea (1 time)
2022 Synthesis and application of AuNi@AC nano adsorbents for the removal of Maxilon Blue 5G azo dye from aquatic mediums.
60  nanoagonists
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2014 Overcoming the blood-brain barrier for delivering drugs into the brain by using adenosine receptor nanoagonist.
61  nanoapertures
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MBA (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2022 Controlled assembly of gold nanoparticles in resonant gold nanoapertures for SERS applications.
62  nanocrystallites aggregates
(1 time)
DSCs (1 time)
NSs (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
2018 Design of SnO₂ Aggregate/Nanosheet Composite Structures Based on Function-Matching Strategy for Enhanced Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Performance.
63  Nanomaterial adsorbents
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
XAFS (1 time)
2021 Critical Review of Advances in Engineering Nanomaterial Adsorbents for Metal Removal and Recovery from Water: Mechanism Identification and Engineering Design.
64  Nanometre aggregates
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BHT (1 time)
FITC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2018 Isolation and characterization of nanometre aggregates from a Bai-Hu-Tang decoction and their antipyretic effect.
65  nanoparticle aggregates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NNs (1 time)
2014 Facile synthesis of 3D Pd-P nanoparticle networks with enhanced electrocatalytic performance towards formic acid electrooxidation.
66  nanoscale aggregates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
2017 Alternative Route to Nanoscale Aggregates with a pH-Responsive Random Copolymer.
67  nanosheet assemblies
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EGOR (1 time)
EOR (1 time)
LDNMs (1 time)
2021 Facile synthesis of low-dimensional PdPt nanocrystals for high-performance electrooxidation of C 2 alcohols.
68  nanosheets arrays
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
NF (1 time)
OER (1 time)
2021 Kinetically Controlled, Scalable Synthesis of gamma-FeOOH Nanosheet Arrays on Nickel Foam toward Efficient Oxygen Evolution: The Key Role of In-Situ-Generated gamma-NiOOH.
69  nanosphere arrays
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2015 Large-Area Nanosphere Self-Assembly by a Micro-Propulsive Injection Method for High Throughput Periodic Surface Nanotexturing.
70  nascent integrin adhesions
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2016 The FAK-Arp2/3 interaction promotes leading edge advance and haptosensing by coupling nascent adhesions to lamellipodia actin.
71  national associations
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
2017 Supporting Governance of Economic Development: The PAANEEAC Experience in Central Africa.
72  national averages
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OCR (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2003 The Patterns of Care Study and Regional Cancer Registry for non-small-cell lung cancer in Japan.
73  native vessels
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2011 Tissue engineering human small-caliber autologous vessels using a xenogenous decellularized connective tissue matrix approach: preclinical comparative biomechanical studies.
74  natural almonds
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PSDs (1 time)
RAs (1 time)
2014 Effect of mastication on lipid bioaccessibility of almonds in a randomized human study and its implications for digestion kinetics, metabolizable energy, and postprandial lipemia.
75  natural and synthetic nucleic acids
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Cucurbiturils in nucleic acids research.
76  natural antimicrobials
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Carv (1 time)
EO (1 time)
THY (1 time)
2019 Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains of swine origin: molecular typing and susceptibility to oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) essential oil and maqui (Aristotelia chilensis (Molina) Stuntz) extract.
77  Natural antioxidants
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDS (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2020 Preparation and encapsulation techniques of chitosan microsphere for enhanced bioavailability of natural antioxidants.
78  naturally occurring antibodies
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2009 B-1 cells and naturally occurring antibodies: influencing the immunogenicity of recombinant human therapeutic proteins?
79  Nearest-neighbor configuration in (GaIn)
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Nearest-neighbor configuration in (GaIn)(NAs) probed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy.
80  necklace-shaped Au-Ag nanoalloys
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CVL (1 time)
NLA (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2011 Necklace-shaped Au-Ag nanoalloys: laser-assisted synthesis and nonlinear optical properties.
81  needle arrays
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DNs (1 time)
HER (1 time)
LEF (1 time)
2021 CoS2 needle arrays induced a local pseudo-acidic environment for alkaline hydrogen evolution.
82  negative acts
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
WPB (1 time)
2019 Understanding the Impact of Bullying in a Unionized U.S. Public Sector Workforce.
83  negative appendectomies
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SCOAP (1 time)
2012 Progress in the diagnosis of appendicitis: a report from Washington State's Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program.
84  Negative Appraisals
(1 time)
PANAC (1 time)
PAs (1 time)
2020 The positive and negative appraisals of caregiving (PANAC) scale: A new measure to examine the caregiving experience in Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.
85  negative emotions
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
ATOT (1 time)
COVID (1 time)
DVs (1 time)
2022 American Older Adults in COVID-19 Times: Vulnerability Types, Aging Attitudes, and Emotional Responses.
86  negatively charged compounds
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Naphthenic acids in coastal sediments after the Hebei Spirit oil spill: a potential indicator for oil contamination.
87  neoagaro-oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IPTG (1 time)
OD600 (1 time)
rAgaM1 (1 time)
2019 Extracellular expression of agarase rAgaM1 in Bacillus subtilis and its ability for neoagaro-oligosaccharide production.
88  neonatal admissions
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
GBS (1 time)
GN (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2020 The Spanish National Network "Grupo Castrillo": 22 Years of Nationwide Neonatal Infection Surveillance.
89  Neonatal arrhythmias
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
PACs (1 time)
2015 A case series of neonatal arrhythmias.
90  neostriatum
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Am (1 time)
HA (1 time)
NIL (1 time)
2001 Projections of the oval nucleus of the hyperstriatum ventrale in the budgerigar: relationships with the auditory system.
91  neuraminidase gene
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Characterization of the neuraminidase genes from human influenza A viruses circulating in Iran from 2010 to 2015.
92  neurobehavioural abnormalities
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
2017 Amlodipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, protects against chlorpromazine-induced neurobehavioural deficits in mice.
93  neurogenic atrophies
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
mt (1 time)
2005 Mitochondrial changes in skeletal muscle in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurogenic atrophies.
94  Neurological abnormalities
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DZ (1 time)
MZ (1 time)
2005 Neurological abnormalities in schizophrenic twins.
95  neuropathic arthropathies
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
PUs (1 time)
2019 Plantar Ulcers and Neuropathic Arthropathies: Associated Diseases, Polyneuropathy Correlates, and Risk Covariates.
96  neurotypical adults
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
SWEAA (1 time)
2021 Eating disturbances in adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disabilities.
97  neutralising growth factor antibodies
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PDGF (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2004 Vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor 2, platelet derived growth factor and transforming growth factor beta released in human dental pulp following orthodontic force.
98  neutralization assays
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EBA (1 time)
1992 Characterization of serum antibody responses to natural rotavirus infections in children by VP7-specific epitope-blocking assays.
99  neutralizing agents
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CHG (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of surgical hand scrub products based on chlorhexidine is largely overestimated without neutralizing agents in the sampling fluid.
100  Neutralizing antibody titers
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
gB (1 time)
gC (1 time)
gD (1 time)
2020 A single dose glycoprotein D-based subunit vaccine against pseudorabies virus infection.