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Abbreviation: NC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal control
(2485 times)
Neurology
(488 times)
AD (505 times)
MCI (296 times)
PD (116 times)
1980 Exercise capacity and cardiac function in trained and untrained thyroid-deficient rats.
negative control
(1196 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(216 times)
PC (310 times)
qRT-PCR (87 times)
CCK-8 (49 times)
1984 Effect of selected dietary buffers upon utilization of concentrate- or roughage-based cattle diets: laboratory studies.
neural crest
(549 times)
Embryology
(182 times)
EMT (26 times)
ECM (20 times)
NCCs (20 times)
1975 Mesenchymal derivatives of the neural crest: analysis of chimaeric quail and chick embryos.
nucleocapsid
(489 times)
Virology
(252 times)
HIV-1 (111 times)
CA (77 times)
MA (53 times)
1980 [Cellular immune response detected in blast transformation test with lymphocytes from rabbits immunized with nucleocapsid of herpes simplex type 2 virus].
neck circumference
(390 times)
Medicine
(55 times)
BMI (163 times)
WC (125 times)
OSA (48 times)
1995 The relationship between obesity and craniofacial structure in obstructive sleep apnea.
North Carolina
(336 times)
Public Health
(49 times)
CI (15 times)
ED (14 times)
SC (11 times)
1983 Management of infectious waste from hospitals.
normal cognition
(323 times)
Neurology
(96 times)
MCI (148 times)
AD (120 times)
aMCI (23 times)
1992 [Seasonal and circadian fluctuations in blood biochemical indicators in mice in natural conditions and exposed to constant light].
nanocrystal
(267 times)
Nanotechnology
(91 times)
PL (15 times)
TEM (8 times)
XRD (8 times)
2002 Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals.
normal control group
(237 times)
Medicine
(24 times)
STZ (17 times)
MDA (15 times)
DC (14 times)
1973 [Occurrence and localization of the carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and of a perchloric acid-soluble antigen of normal colonic mucosa (NC) in carcinomas and polyps of the large bowel (author's transl)].
10  nitrocellulose
(213 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(42 times)
mAb (12 times)
LOD (10 times)
PVDF (10 times)
1984 Nitrocellulose-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NC-ELISA) - a sensitive technique for the rapid visual detection of both viral antigens and antibodies.
11  nanocomposite
(176 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
NPs (20 times)
XRD (18 times)
GO (10 times)
2008 Electrospun PVA/HAp nanocomposite nanofibers: biomimetics of mineralized hard tissues at a lower level of complexity.
12  nucleocapsid protein
(157 times)
Virology
(51 times)
HIV-1 (39 times)
RT (25 times)
TAR (15 times)
1989 Characterization of Moloney murine leukemia virus mutants with single-amino-acid substitutions in the Cys-His box of the nucleocapsid protein.
13  normal chow
(156 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
HFD (55 times)
HF (20 times)
WT (17 times)
1986 Effect of exercise on the development of salt-induced hypertension in Dahl-S rats.
14  neurocysticercosis
(128 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
CSF (30 times)
ELISA (16 times)
CT (8 times)
1985 Praziquantel in the cerebrospinal fluid in neurocysticercosis.
15  necrotic core
(117 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
VH-IVUS (40 times)
DC (35 times)
FF (17 times)
2001 Diagnosis of human coronary atherosclerosis by morphology-based Raman spectroscopy.
16  nanocellulose
(111 times)
Polysaccharides
(19 times)
CNF (7 times)
CNC (6 times)
XRD (6 times)
2010 Production and properties of nanocellulose-reinforced methylcellulose-based biodegradable films.
17  natural cytotoxic
(108 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(67 times)
NK (47 times)
TNF (12 times)
IL-3 (10 times)
1980 Natural cytotoxic cells against solid tumors in mice: blocking of cytotoxicity by D-mannose.
18  neoadjuvant chemotherapy
(95 times)
Neoplasms
(40 times)
OS (20 times)
pCR (18 times)
DFS (14 times)
1991 Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and postoperative radiation therapy for invasive thymoma.
19  nucleated cells
(86 times)
Hematology
(38 times)
UCB (19 times)
MNC (11 times)
CB (10 times)
1979 The survival of cryopreserved human bone marrow stem cells.
20  nonclassical
(81 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
CAH (46 times)
SV (34 times)
SW (32 times)
1985 Genetic differences between the salt-wasting, simple virilizing, and nonclassical types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
21  nanocapsules
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
NS (11 times)
NE (6 times)
PEG (6 times)
1993 Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules in carteolol ophthalmic delivery.
22  nitrogen-doped carbon
(78 times)
Chemistry
(31 times)
ORR (16 times)
DFT (5 times)
LIBs (5 times)
2011 Mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon-glass ceramic cathodes for solid-state lithium-oxygen batteries.
23  negative control group
(72 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
PC (28 times)
SD (4 times)
BC (3 times)
2003 Evaluation of time required for recontamination of coronally sealed canals medicated with calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine.
24  nanocrystalline
(69 times)
Nanotechnology
(16 times)
GBs (8 times)
TEM (7 times)
GB (6 times)
1998 Microstructure investigations of ball milled materials.
25  nephrocalcinosis
(63 times)
Pediatrics
(29 times)
NL (12 times)
PH1 (7 times)
US (7 times)
1984 [Status of sonography versus roentgen and computed tomography in the diagnosis of nephrocalcinosis].
26  N-doped carbon
(62 times)
Chemistry
(28 times)
ORR (8 times)
HER (6 times)
MOF (5 times)
2014 Hollow nanospheres constructed by CoS2 nanosheets with a nitrogen-doped-carbon coating for energy-storage and photocatalysis.
27  nanocarrier
(62 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
MC (14 times)
AD (8 times)
ADAD (5 times)
1996 Visual processing disorders in patients with Huntington's disease and asymptomatic carriers.
28  naturally conceived
(59 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
ART (25 times)
ICSI (19 times)
IVF (18 times)
2003 Maternal adjustment, parenting and child behaviour in families of school-aged twins conceived after IVF and ovulation induction.
29  nanocluster
(58 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
BSA (3 times)
ECL (3 times)
NPs (3 times)
2007 Recent patents in semiconductor nanocluster floating gate flash memory.
30  natural cycle
(58 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(30 times)
FET (32 times)
HRT (14 times)
AC (11 times)
2006 Endometrial expression of the estrogen-sensitive genes MMP-26 and TIMP-4 is altered by a substitution protocol without down-regulation in IVF patients.
31  Nitidine chloride
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
HCC (8 times)
EMT (4 times)
OSCC (3 times)
2011 Nitidine Chloride inhibits breast cancer cells migration and invasion by suppressing c-Src/FAK associated signaling pathway.
32  neurocognitive
(55 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
SC (9 times)
CSF (6 times)
ART (5 times)
2006 Neurocognitive deficits and disability in major depressive disorder.
33  narcolepsy with cataplexy
(54 times)
Psychophysiology
(33 times)
MSLT (8 times)
HR (5 times)
PSG (5 times)
2007 Abnormal activity in hypothalamus and amygdala during humour processing in human narcolepsy with cataplexy.
34  neutrophil count
(54 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
NLR (14 times)
WBC (14 times)
CRP (13 times)
1985 Patients with acute abdominal pain: white cell and neutrophil counts as predictors of the surgical acute abdomen.
35  non-compliant
(54 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
DES (5 times)
PCI (5 times)
MACE (4 times)
1993 Compliance in Saudi epileptic patients: Determinants of compliance in Saudi epileptic patients.
36  nociceptin
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
EFS (5 times)
i.c.v (5 times)
ORL1 (5 times)
1989 [Effects of repeated acupuncture action on pain sensitivity and beta-endorphin contents of the hypothalamus and midbrain of the rat].
37  normal healthy controls
(44 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AD (17 times)
MCI (8 times)
ATA (7 times)
1986 Calcitonin induced increase in ACTH, beta-endorphin and cortisol secretion.
38  normal control subjects
(41 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (6 times)
ATH (4 times)
1990 Effect of inversion on memory for faces in Parkinson's disease and right-hemisphere stroke patients.
39  nasal cannula
(40 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
HFNC (10 times)
COPD (5 times)
nCPAP (5 times)
1987 Evaluation of the use of an oxygen conservation device in long-term oxygen therapy.
40  nerve conduction
(40 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
EMG (6 times)
CIDP (4 times)
CTS (4 times)
1987 Vibratory and cooling detection thresholds compared with other tests in diagnosing and staging diabetic neuropathy.
41  noncollagenous
(40 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
BP (7 times)
EBA (6 times)
ELISA (5 times)
1988 The complete primary structure of the alpha 2 chain of human type IV collagen and comparison with the alpha 1(IV) chain.
42  normocholesterolemic
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
HC (35 times)
LDL (6 times)
NO (6 times)
1985 Evolution of foam cells in subcutaneous rabbit carrageenan granulomas: I. Light-microscopic and ultrastructural study.
43  nasal cavity
(39 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
MS (7 times)
PNS (7 times)
CT (5 times)
1992 Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in carcinomas of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses by polymerase chain reaction.
44  neonatal cholestasis
(38 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
BA (21 times)
GGT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Nonobstructive neonatal cholestasis: clinical outcome and scoring of the histopathological changes in liver biopsies.
45  nailfold capillaroscopy
(37 times)
Rheumatology
(24 times)
SSc (16 times)
RP (10 times)
CTD (4 times)
2003 Interleukin-13 in systemic sclerosis: relationship to nailfold capillaroscopy abnormalities.
46  normotensive control
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
PE (15 times)
EH (4 times)
SBP (4 times)
1979 Circulatory changes during pregnancy in spontaneously and renal hypertensive rats.
47  negative capacitance
(36 times)
Nanotechnology
(15 times)
SS (11 times)
FE (7 times)
FETs (5 times)
2009 "Squishy capacitor" model for electrical double layers and the stability of charged interfaces.
48  neurological complications
(33 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HSCT (4 times)
allo-HSCT (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
1980 [Neurological complications in children with congenital cyanotic heart disease (author's transl)].
49  non-contrast
(32 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CE (6 times)
CT (6 times)
HCC (5 times)
1989 The water jet-guided Nd:YAG laser in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer with a visible vessel. A randomized controlled and prospective study.
50  NUT carcinoma
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
NUT (6 times)
OS (5 times)
BET (3 times)
2013 Expression of P16 in NUT carcinomas with no association with human papillomavirus (HPV).
51  neurotypical controls
(29 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CSF (9 times)
AD (8 times)
ASD (4 times)
1981 IgM-class rheumatoid factor in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of multiple sclerosis and matched neurological control patients.
52  normal comparison
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
AD (3 times)
PMDD (3 times)
PPI (3 times)
1990 Psychometric deviance in offspring at risk for schizophrenia: I. Initial delineation of a distinct subgroup.
53  New Caledonia
(25 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
DENV (3 times)
ASR (1 time)
C-deficiency (1 time)
2004 Lateralization of tool use in New Caledonian crows (Corvus moneduloides).
54  neurogenic claudication
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LSS (13 times)
ODI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1998 Recruitment curve of the soleus H reflex in patients with neurogenic claudication.
55  nicardipine
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NF (4 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1986 Effects of calcium entry blockers on Ca2+-induced contraction of depolarized and noradrenaline-exposed rat resistance vessels.
56  nuclear color
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
NO (20 times)
LOCS III (10 times)
LOCS (7 times)
1993 The Lens Opacities Classification System III. The Longitudinal Study of Cataract Study Group.
57  normal cycling
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
PCOS (8 times)
BMI (3 times)
DC (3 times)
1992 Cellular mechanisms of insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian syndrome.
58  nanoclay
(22 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
XRD (3 times)
AC (2 times)
FESEM (2 times)
2012 In vitro evaluation of electrospun PCL/nanoclay composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
59  narcolepsy-cataplexy
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(11 times)
REM (4 times)
BIISS (2 times)
IH (2 times)
2001 Narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome associated with DRB1*0806-DQB*0602 haplotype in a Caucasian patient.
60  nephrocalcin
(22 times)
Urology
(6 times)
COM (8 times)
THP (5 times)
CaOx (3 times)
1988 Crystal adsorption and growth slowing by nephrocalcin, albumin, and Tamm-Horsfall protein.
61  normal cervix
(22 times)
Communicable Diseases
(14 times)
SCC (10 times)
GMDR (6 times)
CIN (4 times)
2006 Positive association between STAT3 and Ki-67 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
62  nucleus caudatus
(22 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NA (3 times)
SN (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1976 The influence of neuromediators injected into nucleus caudatus on bioelectrical seizure activity of amygdala.
63  nociceptin/orphanin FQ
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ORL1 (6 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
NCR (3 times)
2000 Antagonistic effects of [Nphe1]nociceptin(1-13)NH2 on nociceptin receptor mediated inhibition of cAMP formation in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing the recombinant human nociceptin receptor.
64  noncoagulating
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
MCP (5 times)
RCT (4 times)
PC (3 times)
2003 Repeatability estimates for milk coagulation traits and non-coagulation of milk in Finnish Ayrshire cows.
65  norcocaine
(21 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
BE (11 times)
COC (11 times)
CE (7 times)
1977 [Effect of serotonin and monoamine oxidase inhibitors on corneal anesthesia produced by celnovocaine and novocaine].
66  NC/Nga
(20 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
AD (8 times)
IL (3 times)
alpha-GalCer (2 times)
1998 Effect of tacrolimus hydrate (FK506) ointment on spontaneous dermatitis in NC/Nga mice.
67  naturally cycling
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
OC (10 times)
OCs (5 times)
HC (2 times)
2012 Estrus synchronization and ovarian hyper-stimulation treatments have negligible effects on cumulus oocyte complex gene expression whereas induction of ovulation causes major expression changes.
68  Nephropathic cystinosis
(19 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
CKD (2 times)
CTNS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2005 High cystine in platelets from patients with nephropathic cystinosis: a chemical, ultrastructural, and functional evaluation.
69  Nevus comedonicus
(19 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
EH (2 times)
NCS (2 times)
ABCA12 (1 time)
1981 Nevus comedonicus with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. A report of four cases.
70  normoxia control
(19 times)
Brain
(3 times)
HC (7 times)
CIH (4 times)
HT (4 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
71  nanocubes
(18 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
NR (6 times)
NO (5 times)
NS (2 times)
2012 A general strategy for self-assembly of nanosized building blocks on liquid/liquid interfaces.
72  non-corrected
(18 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
AC (13 times)
CAD (9 times)
MPI (3 times)
1996 Non-uniform attenuation correction for myocardial SPET using two Gd-153 line sources.
73  nanocomplex
(17 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(4 times)
ROS (4 times)
BMP-2 (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2004 Self-assembling nanocomplexes from insulin and water-soluble branched polyesters, poly[(vinyl-3-(diethylamino)- propylcarbamate-co-(vinyl acetate)-co-(vinyl alcohol)]-graft- poly(L-lactic acid): a novel carrier for transmucosal delivery of peptides.
74  Neospora caninum
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
BVDV (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
BLV (5 times)
1998 Serological survey of antibody to Neospora caninum in Japanese dogs.
75  nicotine
(17 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
IM (5 times)
CB (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1982 Acute microcirculatory response to nicotine in frog web.
76  normal chow diet
(17 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HFD (8 times)
HF (4 times)
NAFLD (4 times)
2011 [High fat diet induces obesity and alters the expression of MCHR1 and OB-Rb in the adipose tissue].
77  number concentration
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
MC (8 times)
SAC (5 times)
AIC (1 time)
2004 Relationship between indoor and outdoor levels of fine particle mass, particle number concentrations and black smoke under different ventilation conditions.
78  nasal chondrocytes
(16 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(5 times)
IVD (3 times)
NP (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2005 Comparative effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on the production of inflammatory mediators in normal and osteoarthrotic sow chondrocytes.
79  neocuproine
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
BC (2 times)
DFO (2 times)
PLPC (2 times)
1996 1,10-Phenanthroline stimulates internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in isolated rat-liver nuclei by promoting the redox activity of endogenous copper ions.
80  Neurenteric cysts
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MRI (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
CAPNON (1 time)
2000 Spinal neurenteric cyst presenting in infancy with chronic fever and acute myelopathy.
81  non-cancer
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BC (4 times)
CRC (3 times)
ADJ (1 time)
2007 Sleep disturbances and impaired daytime functioning in outpatients with newly diagnosed lung cancer.
82  non-demented controls
(16 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (6 times)
VD (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1988 The effect of embryonic ethanol exposure on detour learning in the chick.
83  nurse cell
(15 times)
Parasitology
(7 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1979 Chromomeres and puffing in experimentally induced polytene chromosomes of Calliphora erythrocephala.
84  nutritional counseling
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ONS (4 times)
CRT (2 times)
HNC (2 times)
1994 [Energy and nutritional intake in young weight lifters before and after nutritional counseling].
85  cognitively normal
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MCI (10 times)
AD (6 times)
aMCI (2 times)
2008 Characterization of activities of daily living in individuals with mild cognitive impairment.
86  nerve conduit
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
GDNF (4 times)
NGF (4 times)
PLGA (4 times)
2007 Laminin-incorporated nerve conduits made by plasma treatment for repairing spinal cord injury.
87  nitrosocimetidine
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MNNG (10 times)
MNU (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
1980 Induction of DNA strand breaks by nitrosocimetidine.
88  nanocurcumin
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PQQ (3 times)
cHH (2 times)
FBS (2 times)
2016 A comparative study of dietary curcumin, nanocurcumin, and other classical amyloid-binding dyes for labeling and imaging of amyloid plaques in brain tissue of 5-familial Alzheimer's disease mice.
89  naviculocuneiform
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
ST (3 times)
TN (3 times)
TMT (2 times)
2007 Medial column procedures in the acquired flatfoot deformity.
90  nitrocellulose membrane
(13 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
LYS (2 times)
PV (2 times)
1989 A dot-blot method for screening polyclonal and monoclonal antisera to poly(ADP-ribose).
91  non-diabetic control
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DC (5 times)
DM (2 times)
DR (2 times)
1995 Effect of a potent new aldose reductase inhibitor, (5-(3-thienyltetrazol-1-yl)acetic acid (TAT), on diabetic neuropathy in rats.
92  nuchal cord
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(10 times)
CI (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
UA (2 times)
2003 The variables affecting nuchal skin-fold thickness in mid-trimester.
93  numerically controlled
(13 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CCOS (1 time)
1992 A manufacturing system for contoured foam cushions.
94  nanoceria
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
ARDS (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
CK-MB (1 time)
2018 Nanoceria ameliorates doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity: Possible mitigation via reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation.
95  non-clinical
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
AN (2 times)
BPD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2002 Alexithymia, empathy, and psychological symptoms in a family context.
96  noncanonical
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
2010 Structural dynamics of the box C/D RNA kink-turn and its complex with proteins: the role of the A-minor 0 interaction, long-residency water bridges, and structural ion-binding sites revealed by molecular simulations.
97  noncompaction
(12 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (6 times)
DCM (3 times)
LVNC (3 times)
2009 [Echocardiography and magnetic resonance tomography of the heart in diagnosis of noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium].
98  notochordal
(12 times)
Biology
(2 times)
IVD (5 times)
NP (4 times)
MNP (2 times)
2008 Spinal cord is required for proper regeneration of the tail in Xenopus tadpoles.
99  nuclear cataract
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AS-OCT (3 times)
ARC (2 times)
CAM (2 times)
1986 Vision through nuclear and posterior subcapsular cataract.
100  nanocarbon
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CNT (2 times)
SHPT (2 times)
COD (1 time)
2009 Doping effect of CNT and nano-carbon in magnesium diboride bulk.