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Abbreviation: NC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal control
(1935 times)
Neurology
(416 times)
AD (379 times)
MCI (219 times)
PD (97 times)
1980 Exercise capacity and cardiac function in trained and untrained thyroid-deficient rats.
negative control
(774 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(148 times)
PC (202 times)
qRT-PCR (57 times)
CCK-8 (27 times)
1984 Effect of selected dietary buffers upon utilization of concentrate- or roughage-based cattle diets: laboratory studies.
neural crest
(479 times)
Embryology
(166 times)
EMT (23 times)
ECM (17 times)
ENS (16 times)
1975 Mesenchymal derivatives of the neural crest: analysis of chimaeric quail and chick embryos.
nucleocapsid
(435 times)
Virology
(236 times)
HIV-1 (103 times)
CA (72 times)
MA (52 times)
1980 [Cellular immune response detected in blast transformation test with lymphocytes from rabbits immunized with nucleocapsid of herpes simplex type 2 virus].
neck circumference
(280 times)
Medicine
(44 times)
BMI (113 times)
WC (74 times)
AHI (40 times)
1995 The relationship between obesity and craniofacial structure in obstructive sleep apnea.
North Carolina
(239 times)
Public Health
(34 times)
CI (9 times)
EMS (8 times)
GA (7 times)
1983 Management of infectious waste from hospitals.
nanocrystal
(208 times)
Nanotechnology
(76 times)
PL (14 times)
TEM (8 times)
XRD (7 times)
2002 Surface-enhanced emission from single semiconductor nanocrystals.
normal cognition
(189 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
MCI (81 times)
AD (76 times)
aMCI (17 times)
2001 Magnetic resonance imaging of the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.
normal control group
(185 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
STZ (15 times)
MDA (13 times)
SD (12 times)
1973 [Occurrence and localization of the carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and of a perchloric acid-soluble antigen of normal colonic mucosa (NC) in carcinomas and polyps of the large bowel (author's transl)].
10  nitrocellulose
(170 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(37 times)
mAb (10 times)
PVDF (9 times)
ELISA (6 times)
1984 Nitrocellulose-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NC-ELISA) - a sensitive technique for the rapid visual detection of both viral antigens and antibodies.
11  nucleocapsid protein
(150 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HIV-1 (37 times)
RT (25 times)
TAR (14 times)
1989 Characterization of Moloney murine leukemia virus mutants with single-amino-acid substitutions in the Cys-His box of the nucleocapsid protein.
12  neurocysticercosis
(125 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
CSF (30 times)
ELISA (16 times)
CT (8 times)
1985 Praziquantel in the cerebrospinal fluid in neurocysticercosis.
13  nanocomposite
(112 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
NPs (12 times)
XRD (9 times)
FESEM (7 times)
2008 Electrospun PVA/HAp nanocomposite nanofibers: biomimetics of mineralized hard tissues at a lower level of complexity.
14  necrotic core
(110 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
VH-IVUS (39 times)
DC (34 times)
FF (17 times)
2001 Diagnosis of human coronary atherosclerosis by morphology-based Raman spectroscopy.
15  natural cytotoxic
(108 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(67 times)
NK (47 times)
TNF (12 times)
IL-3 (10 times)
1980 Natural cytotoxic cells against solid tumors in mice: blocking of cytotoxicity by D-mannose.
16  normal chow
(103 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
HFD (34 times)
HF (16 times)
WT (10 times)
1986 Effect of exercise on the development of salt-induced hypertension in Dahl-S rats.
17  neoadjuvant chemotherapy
(86 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
OS (18 times)
pCR (18 times)
DFS (13 times)
1991 Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and postoperative radiation therapy for invasive thymoma.
18  nucleated cells
(84 times)
Hematology
(37 times)
UCB (19 times)
MNC (11 times)
CB (10 times)
1979 The survival of cryopreserved human bone marrow stem cells.
19  nonclassical
(68 times)
Endocrinology
(34 times)
CAH (40 times)
SV (28 times)
SW (25 times)
1985 Genetic differences between the salt-wasting, simple virilizing, and nonclassical types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
20  nanocapsules
(66 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
NS (11 times)
PEG (6 times)
NP (5 times)
1993 Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules in carteolol ophthalmic delivery.
21  nanocellulose
(57 times)
Carbohydrates
(13 times)
CNF (6 times)
CNC (4 times)
PCL (3 times)
2010 Production and properties of nanocellulose-reinforced methylcellulose-based biodegradable films.
22  nanocrystalline
(55 times)
Nanotechnology
(15 times)
GBs (7 times)
MD (4 times)
TBs (4 times)
1998 Microstructure investigations of ball milled materials.
23  narcolepsy with cataplexy
(53 times)
Psychophysiology
(32 times)
MSLT (7 times)
HR (5 times)
REM (5 times)
2008 Abnormal activity in hypothalamus and amygdala during humour processing in human narcolepsy with cataplexy.
24  negative control group
(49 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
PC (22 times)
BC (3 times)
ELISA (3 times)
2003 Evaluation of time required for recontamination of coronally sealed canals medicated with calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine.
25  nanocarrier
(48 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MC (10 times)
AD (6 times)
EC (4 times)
1996 Visual processing disorders in patients with Huntington's disease and asymptomatic carriers.
26  nephrocalcinosis
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(24 times)
NL (7 times)
US (7 times)
PTH (3 times)
1984 [Status of sonography versus roentgen and computed tomography in the diagnosis of nephrocalcinosis].
27  nociceptin
(46 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
EFS (5 times)
i.c.v (5 times)
ORL1 (5 times)
1989 [Effects of repeated acupuncture action on pain sensitivity and beta-endorphin contents of the hypothalamus and midbrain of the rat].
28  naturally conceived
(44 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(16 times)
ART (19 times)
ICSI (14 times)
IVF (14 times)
2003 Maternal adjustment, parenting and child behaviour in families of school-aged twins conceived after IVF and ovulation induction.
29  neurocognitive
(43 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CSF (6 times)
ART (5 times)
SC (5 times)
2006 Neurocognitive deficits and disability in major depressive disorder.
30  nitrogen-doped carbon
(43 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
ORR (11 times)
LIBs (3 times)
OER (3 times)
2012 Mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon-glass ceramic cathodes for solid-state lithium-oxygen batteries.
31  nanocluster
(41 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
BSA (3 times)
ECL (2 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
2007 Recent patents in semiconductor nanocluster floating gate flash memory.
32  Nitidine chloride
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
HCC (4 times)
EMT (3 times)
ERK (2 times)
2011 Nitidine Chloride inhibits breast cancer cells migration and invasion by suppressing c-Src/FAK associated signaling pathway.
33  noncollagenous
(40 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
BP (7 times)
EBA (6 times)
ELISA (5 times)
1988 The complete primary structure of the alpha 2 chain of human type IV collagen and comparison with the alpha 1(IV) chain.
34  normal healthy controls
(40 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AD (14 times)
ATA (7 times)
MCI (7 times)
1986 Calcitonin induced increase in ACTH, beta-endorphin and cortisol secretion.
35  neutrophil count
(39 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CRP (12 times)
WBC (12 times)
LC (8 times)
1985 Patients with acute abdominal pain: white cell and neutrophil counts as predictors of the surgical acute abdomen.
36  normal control subjects
(39 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (6 times)
MCI (4 times)
1990 Effect of inversion on memory for faces in Parkinson's disease and right-hemisphere stroke patients.
37  normocholesterolemic
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
HC (33 times)
LDL (6 times)
NO (6 times)
1985 Evolution of foam cells in subcutaneous rabbit carrageenan granulomas: I. Light-microscopic and ultrastructural study.
38  nerve conduction
(36 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
EMG (5 times)
CTS (4 times)
CIDP (3 times)
1987 Vibratory and cooling detection thresholds compared with other tests in diagnosing and staging diabetic neuropathy.
39  normotensive control
(32 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
PE (15 times)
EH (4 times)
SBP (4 times)
1979 Circulatory changes during pregnancy in spontaneously and renal hypertensive rats.
40  nailfold capillaroscopy
(31 times)
Rheumatology
(21 times)
SSc (13 times)
RP (9 times)
CTD (4 times)
2003 Interleukin-13 in systemic sclerosis: relationship to nailfold capillaroscopy abnormalities.
41  natural cycle
(29 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(16 times)
FET (12 times)
HRT (6 times)
COH (4 times)
2006 Endometrial expression of the estrogen-sensitive genes MMP-26 and TIMP-4 is altered by a substitution protocol without down-regulation in IVF patients.
42  neurological complications
(29 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HSCT (4 times)
allo-HSCT (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
1980 [Neurological complications in children with congenital cyanotic heart disease (author's transl)].
43  N-doped carbon
(28 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
ORR (6 times)
HER (3 times)
LIBs (3 times)
2014 Hollow nanospheres constructed by CoS2 nanosheets with a nitrogen-doped-carbon coating for energy-storage and photocatalysis.
44  normal comparison
(28 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
AD (3 times)
PMDD (3 times)
TBI (3 times)
1990 Psychometric deviance in offspring at risk for schizophrenia: I. Initial delineation of a distinct subgroup.
45  nasal cannula
(27 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
HFNC (6 times)
nCPAP (4 times)
BVM (3 times)
1987 Evaluation of the use of an oxygen conservation device in long-term oxygen therapy.
46  nasal cavity
(27 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PNS (7 times)
CT (5 times)
MS (5 times)
1992 Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in carcinomas of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses by polymerase chain reaction.
47  neonatal cholestasis
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
BA (17 times)
GGT (2 times)
NH (2 times)
2006 Nonobstructive neonatal cholestasis: clinical outcome and scoring of the histopathological changes in liver biopsies.
48  nicardipine
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NF (4 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1986 Effects of calcium entry blockers on Ca2+-induced contraction of depolarized and noradrenaline-exposed rat resistance vessels.
49  non-compliant
(24 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
DES (4 times)
SC (4 times)
BVS (3 times)
1993 Compliance in Saudi epileptic patients: Determinants of compliance in Saudi epileptic patients.
50  neurotypical controls
(23 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CSF (6 times)
AD (5 times)
ASD (4 times)
1981 IgM-class rheumatoid factor in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of multiple sclerosis and matched neurological control patients.
51  nuclear color
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
NO (19 times)
LOCS III (10 times)
LOCS (6 times)
1993 The Lens Opacities Classification System III. The Longitudinal Study of Cataract Study Group.
52  nephrocalcin
(22 times)
Urology
(6 times)
COM (8 times)
THP (5 times)
CaOx (3 times)
1988 Crystal adsorption and growth slowing by nephrocalcin, albumin, and Tamm-Horsfall protein.
53  normal cycling
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
PCOS (8 times)
BMI (3 times)
DC (3 times)
1992 Cellular mechanisms of insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian syndrome.
54  narcolepsy-cataplexy
(21 times)
Psychophysiology
(11 times)
REM (4 times)
BIISS (2 times)
IH (2 times)
1999 Narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome associated with DRB1*0806-DQB*0602 haplotype in a Caucasian patient.
55  nociceptin/orphanin FQ
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ORL1 (6 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
NCR (3 times)
2000 Antagonistic effects of [Nphe1]nociceptin(1-13)NH2 on nociceptin receptor mediated inhibition of cAMP formation in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing the recombinant human nociceptin receptor.
56  non-contrast
(21 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CE (5 times)
CT (4 times)
AFM (3 times)
1989 The water jet-guided Nd:YAG laser in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer with a visible vessel. A randomized controlled and prospective study.
57  norcocaine
(21 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
BE (11 times)
COC (11 times)
CE (7 times)
1977 [Effect of serotonin and monoamine oxidase inhibitors on corneal anesthesia produced by celnovocaine and novocaine].
58  nucleus caudatus
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NA (3 times)
SN (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1976 The influence of neuromediators injected into nucleus caudatus on bioelectrical seizure activity of amygdala.
59  negative capacitance
(20 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
SS (6 times)
FETs (3 times)
FE (2 times)
2009 "Squishy capacitor" model for electrical double layers and the stability of charged interfaces.
60  New Caledonia
(19 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
ASR (1 time)
C-deficiency (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2004 Lateralization of tool use in New Caledonian crows (Corvus moneduloides).
61  non-corrected
(18 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
AC (13 times)
CAD (9 times)
MPI (3 times)
1996 Non-uniform attenuation correction for myocardial SPET using two Gd-153 line sources.
62  noncoagulating
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
MCP (5 times)
RCT (4 times)
BS (2 times)
2003 Repeatability estimates for milk coagulation traits and non-coagulation of milk in Finnish Ayrshire cows.
63  normal cervix
(18 times)
Communicable Diseases
(12 times)
SCC (10 times)
GMDR (6 times)
CIN (4 times)
2006 Positive association between STAT3 and Ki-67 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
64  NC/Nga
(17 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AD (5 times)
IL (3 times)
SPF (2 times)
1998 Effect of tacrolimus hydrate (FK506) ointment on spontaneous dermatitis in NC/Nga mice.
65  Nephropathic cystinosis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
CKD (2 times)
CTNS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2005 High cystine in platelets from patients with nephropathic cystinosis: a chemical, ultrastructural, and functional evaluation.
66  noncompliance
(17 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
1MR (1 time)
2WR (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
1995 Paediatric renal transplantation non-compliance.
67  nicotine
(16 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
IM (5 times)
CB (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1982 Acute microcirculatory response to nicotine in frog web.
68  neocuproine
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
BC (2 times)
DFO (2 times)
PLPC (2 times)
1996 1,10-Phenanthroline stimulates internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in isolated rat-liver nuclei by promoting the redox activity of endogenous copper ions.
69  Neospora caninum
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
BVDV (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
BLV (5 times)
1998 Serological survey of antibody to Neospora caninum in Japanese dogs.
70  neurogenic claudication
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
LSS (7 times)
NSLBP (2 times)
SPWT (2 times)
1998 Recruitment curve of the soleus H reflex in patients with neurogenic claudication.
71  nevus comedonicus
(15 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
EH (2 times)
ABCA12 (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1981 Nevus comedonicus with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. A report of four cases.
72  normoxia control
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HC (7 times)
HT (3 times)
NT (3 times)
1992 Effects of endurance training under hyperoxia on serum and tissue lipid levels in rats.
73  nerve conduit
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
GDNF (4 times)
NGF (4 times)
PLGA (4 times)
2007 Laminin-incorporated nerve conduits made by plasma treatment for repairing spinal cord injury.
74  nitrosocimetidine
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MNNG (10 times)
MNU (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
1980 Induction of DNA strand breaks by nitrosocimetidine.
75  Neurenteric cysts
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
MRI (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
2000 Spinal neurenteric cyst presenting in infancy with chronic fever and acute myelopathy.
76  nondemented control
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
VD (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 The effect of embryonic ethanol exposure on detour learning in the chick.
77  nurse cell
(13 times)
Parasitology
(7 times)
AA (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1979 Chromomeres and puffing in experimentally induced polytene chromosomes of Calliphora erythrocephala.
78  nanocomplex
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
CS (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2004 Self-assembling nanocomplexes from insulin and water-soluble branched polyesters, poly[(vinyl-3-(diethylamino)- propylcarbamate-co-(vinyl acetate)-co-(vinyl alcohol)]-graft- poly(L-lactic acid): a novel carrier for transmucosal delivery of peptides.
79  nitrocellulose membrane
(12 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
LYS (2 times)
PV (2 times)
1989 A dot-blot method for screening polyclonal and monoclonal antisera to poly(ADP-ribose).
80  non-diabetic control
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DC (4 times)
DM (2 times)
DR (2 times)
1995 Effect of a potent new aldose reductase inhibitor, (5-(3-thienyltetrazol-1-yl)acetic acid (TAT), on diabetic neuropathy in rats.
81  notochordal
(12 times)
Biology
(3 times)
IVD (5 times)
NP (4 times)
MNP (2 times)
2008 Spinal cord is required for proper regeneration of the tail in Xenopus tadpoles.
82  nuchal cord
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(10 times)
FHR (2 times)
AFI (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2003 The variables affecting nuchal skin-fold thickness in mid-trimester.
83  number concentration
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
MC (4 times)
BS (1 time)
BS-MHC (1 time)
2004 Relationship between indoor and outdoor levels of fine particle mass, particle number concentrations and black smoke under different ventilation conditions.
84  numerically controlled
(12 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
CCOS (1 time)
1992 A manufacturing system for contoured foam cushions.
85  nutritional counseling
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ONS (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
1994 [Energy and nutritional intake in young weight lifters before and after nutritional counseling].
86  nanoclay
(11 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
XRD (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2012 In vitro evaluation of electrospun PCL/nanoclay composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
87  nasal chondrocytes
(11 times)
Histology
(3 times)
OC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
dGEMRIC (1 time)
2005 Comparative effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on the production of inflammatory mediators in normal and osteoarthrotic sow chondrocytes.
88  naturally cycling
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
OC (5 times)
OCs (4 times)
COCs (1 time)
2013 Estrus synchronization and ovarian hyper-stimulation treatments have negligible effects on cumulus oocyte complex gene expression whereas induction of ovulation causes major expression changes.
89  needle complex
(11 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
EPEC (3 times)
TTSS (2 times)
EHEC (1 time)
2000 Contribution of Salmonella typhimurium type III secretion components to needle complex formation.
90  non-cancer
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BC (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
ADJ (1 time)
2007 Sleep disturbances and impaired daytime functioning in outpatients with newly diagnosed lung cancer.
91  normal chow diet
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HFD (6 times)
HF (3 times)
MCP-1 (2 times)
2011 [High fat diet induces obesity and alters the expression of MCHR1 and OB-Rb in the adipose tissue].
92  Neurocalcin
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IR (4 times)
PV (3 times)
CaBPs (2 times)
1995 Localization of neurocalcin-like immunoreactivity in rat cranial motoneurons and spinal cord interneurons.
93  new cementum
(10 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
NB (4 times)
AEFC (2 times)
CsA (2 times)
1997 New cementum formation induced by cyclosporin A: a histological, ultrastructural and histomorphometric study in the rat.
94  non-coronary
(10 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LC (3 times)
RC (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1985 [Cardiac angioscintigraphy at equilibrium coupled with isoproterenol perfusion. Method of diagnosing chronic coronary insufficiency].
95  nuclear to cytoplasmic
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
BSCC (2 times)
LBC (2 times)
ATL (1 time)
1989 A novel EBV-related nucleo-cytoplasmic antigen in a null cell-line (HLN-STL-C) reactive to antibodies in the sera from patients with Sjogren's syndrome.
96  NUT carcinoma
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
NUT (3 times)
BET (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Expression of P16 in NUT carcinomas with no association with human papillomavirus (HPV).
97  nanocubes
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
NR (3 times)
AuNPs (1 time)
bcc (1 time)
2012 A general strategy for self-assembly of nanosized building blocks on liquid/liquid interfaces.
98  nanoparticles
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
EIS (3 times)
MZ (3 times)
CV (2 times)
2013 Intestinal mucosa permeability following oral insulin delivery using core shell corona nanolipoparticles.
99  need for cognition
(9 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
CRT (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
RDM (1 time)
2000 Information Processing at Successive Stages of Decision Making: Need for Cognition and Inclusion-Exclusion Effects.
100  neocortex
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
FZ (4 times)
HFA (2 times)
3 beta-HSD (1 time)
1983 Prostaglandin secretion by the neocortex and fetal zones of the human fetal adrenal gland.