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Abbreviation: ND
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Long forms: 665

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal diet
(411 times)
Physiology
(47 times)
HFD (220 times)
HCD (27 times)
TG (24 times)
1975 [Dependence on and preference for morphine. (III) Improvement of spontaneous drug intake after combined treatment with morphine and cocaine].
Newcastle disease
(387 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(219 times)
NDV (153 times)
HI (57 times)
AI (30 times)
1975 Serological responses of broiler-type chickens, with and without Newcastle disease and infectious Bronchitis vaccine, to experimental infection with Mycoplasma synoviae by foot pad, air sac and aerosol.
nicotine dependence
(219 times)
Psychiatry
(56 times)
FTND (48 times)
SNPs (39 times)
AA (28 times)
1999 A population-based twin study in women of smoking initiation and nicotine dependence.
nondiabetic
(181 times)
Endocrinology
(48 times)
T2D (21 times)
STZ (12 times)
T1D (11 times)
1975 Uric acid excretion by the rat kidney.
neck dissection
(147 times)
Otolaryngology
(67 times)
LN (15 times)
CRT (14 times)
OS (12 times)
1995 Transoral laser resection with staged discontinuous neck dissection for oral cavity and oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma.
nandrolone decanoate
(119 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
AAS (20 times)
FFM (5 times)
AASs (4 times)
1976 [Anabolic steroids: damages, effect on performance, and on metabolism (author's transl)].
nanodiamond
(103 times)
Nanotechnology
(26 times)
DOX (8 times)
NP (4 times)
AFM (3 times)
2006 Control of sp2/sp3 carbon ratio and surface chemistry of nanodiamond powders by selective oxidation in air.
neurodegenerative diseases
(72 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
PD (15 times)
AD (14 times)
ALS (6 times)
1998 Basic and clinical studies on the measurement of tau protein in cerebrospinal fluid as a biological marker for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders: multicenter study in Japan.
non-demented
(61 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
AD (36 times)
HIV (3 times)
NFTs (3 times)
1993 Association cortex, cerebellum, and serum concentrations of C1q and factor B in Alzheimer's disease.
10  Norrie disease
(48 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
NDP (9 times)
ROP (6 times)
SSCP (5 times)
1985 Norrie disease caused by a gene deletion allowing carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis.
11  neutral density
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
HG (6 times)
CIP (3 times)
DND (3 times)
1987 Binocular contrast detection with unequal monocular illuminance.
12  non-dominant
(47 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
VL (3 times)
COD (2 times)
CODS (2 times)
1976 Comparison of unilateral dominant and non-dominant ECT on verbal and non-verbal memory.
13  neurodevelopmental
(42 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
CHD (5 times)
HC (4 times)
CDH (3 times)
1988 Neurodevelopmental outcome in cystic periventricular leukomalacia (CPVL) (30 cases).
14  newly diagnosed
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CR (12 times)
AML (8 times)
RR (6 times)
1985 Alterations in health perception and lifestyle in treated hypertensives.
15  non-detectable
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
GC (3 times)
dw (2 times)
ECD (2 times)
1975 Studies of ACTH secretion control in 116 cases of Cushing's syndrome.
16  NADH dehydrogenase
(32 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
mtDNA (12 times)
CO (3 times)
G6P (3 times)
1987 A novel gene order in the Paracentrotus lividus mitochondrial genome.
17  neurological deterioration
(32 times)
Brain
(17 times)
NIHSS (9 times)
CI (5 times)
AIS (4 times)
1994 Neurologic deterioration in noncomatose patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage.
18  nondiagnostic
(31 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
FNA (11 times)
AUS/FLUS (7 times)
AUS (4 times)
1998 Assessment of fine-needle aspiration sampling technique in thyroid nodules.
19  neurological disease
(30 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
BP (6 times)
AD (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
1981 [Neurologic disorders and cerebral lesion in children with TGA (transposition of the great arteries) (author's transl)].
20  nipple discharge
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DP (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
2000 A simple approach to nipple discharge.
21  nursing diagnosis
(25 times)
Nursing
(20 times)
DCs (3 times)
NANDA (2 times)
DC (1 time)
1995 [Patients with cardiac disorders: diagnostic profile elaborated for nursing students].
22  neurologic deficit
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
IS (4 times)
MCAO (4 times)
MCAT (3 times)
1977 Global brain ischemia: a reproducible monkey model.
23  NADPH-diaphorase
(23 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
NO (5 times)
NOS (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
1991 Interstrain differences in red cell enzyme activities in mice and rats.
24  nucleus of Darkschewitsch
(22 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
HRP (6 times)
INC (6 times)
iC (3 times)
1978 A cell group associated with vertical eye movements in the rostral mesencephalic reticular formation of the monkey.
25  nanodisk
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
AmB (5 times)
PL (2 times)
QDs (2 times)
2006 Spectroscopic studies of amphotericin B solubilized in nanoscale bilayer membranes.
26  neutrophilic dermatosis
(21 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
MDS (4 times)
MF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1983 Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) and myeloproliferative disorders.
27  neurodegeneration
(20 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CNS (6 times)
LCH (5 times)
AD (3 times)
2005 Heterogeneous cellular environments modulate one-hit neuronal death kinetics.
28  nondisjunction
(18 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
SLRL (3 times)
DS (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1979 Meiotic nondisjunction in the mouse: methodology for genetic testing and comparison with other methods.
29  normal donors
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
OA (7 times)
RA (6 times)
MM (4 times)
1999 Content of long-term culture-initiating cells, clonogenic progenitors and CD34 cells in apheresis harvests of normal donors for allogeneic transplantation, and in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or multiple myeloma.
30  normally developing
(18 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(8 times)
SLI (4 times)
DS (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1983 The effects of developmental delay on sustained attention in young children.
31  nondisabled
(16 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SCI (7 times)
DS (2 times)
RD (2 times)
1990 A comparison of language deficits in learning-disabled, head-injured, and nondisabled young adults: results from an abbreviated Aphasia Screening Test.
32  normal chow diet
(16 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HFD (8 times)
LGG (2 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
2003 p38 MAPK inhibitors ameliorate target organ damage in hypertension: Part 2. Improved renal function as assessed by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
33  nutrient deprivation
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
BLAST (1 time)
2002 Rac-dependent monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 production is induced by nutrient deprivation.
34  navicular drop
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
NH (4 times)
ERLP (2 times)
MLA (2 times)
2003 Subtalar Pronation Does Not Influence Impact Forces or Rate of Loading During a Single-Leg Landing.
35  nuclear diameter
(15 times)
Cells
(3 times)
CD (11 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
N/C (2 times)
1992 The size of small cell lung carcinoma cells. Ratio to lymphocytes and correlation with specimen size and crush artifact.
36  neighborhood density
(14 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
PP (4 times)
WF (3 times)
LT (2 times)
2007 Event-related brain potential evidence for early effects of neighborhood density in word recognition.
37  nimodipine
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
KT (4 times)
DNQX (2 times)
I/R (2 times)
1998 Effect of calcium-channel blocking drugs on focal ventricular arrhythmias induced by sub-epicardial epinephrine infusion in cats.
38  non-dialysis
(14 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
HD (8 times)
CKD (4 times)
ESRD (3 times)
1996 [Uremic polyneuropathy in patients treated conservatively (nondialyzed) or treated with dialysis].
39  nordiazepam
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
OX (7 times)
DZ (5 times)
CZP (2 times)
1982 [Pharmacokinetic studies after oral and parenteral application of dipotassium chlorazepate (author's transl)].
40  North Dakota
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
FHB (2 times)
MN (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2003 Diversity of Epidemic Populations of Gibberella zeae from Small Quadrats in Kansas and North Dakota.
41  N-terminal domain
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
Cd (4 times)
FST (3 times)
Fstl3 (2 times)
2005 Implications of an antiparallel dimeric structure of nonphosphorylated STAT1 for the activation-inactivation cycle.
42  neurobehavioral disinhibition
(13 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
SUD (5 times)
SUDs (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2005 Direct and mediated associations between P300 amplitude in childhood and substance use disorders outcome in young adulthood.
43  neutron diffraction
(13 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
XRD (3 times)
HRTEM (2 times)
a-STEM (1 time)
2002 Magnetism and structural chemistry of the n = 1 Ruddlesden-Popper phases La4LiMnO8 and La3SrLiMnO8.
44  neonatal diabetes
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
ATP (2 times)
PND (2 times)
SUR (2 times)
2000 [Neonatal diabetes, heterogeneous syndrome].
45  never depressed
(12 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
RD (4 times)
1994 A comparison of self-esteem lability and low trait self-esteem as vulnerability factors for depression.
46  non-depressed
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
MDD (2 times)
CBT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1997 The response styles theory of depression: tests and an extension of the theory.
47  nocodazole
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
MT (3 times)
EC (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1983 Invasiveness and tumorigenicity of MO4 mouse fibrosarcoma cells pretreated with microtubule inhibitors.
48  nandrolone
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AAS (3 times)
ST (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1993 Testosterone administration increases insulin-like growth factor-I levels in normal men.
49  near diploid
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AN (7 times)
FCM (2 times)
ND-anc (2 times)
1985 DNA content in carcinoma of the rectum and rectosigmoid.
50  neglect dyslexia
(10 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
OKS (2 times)
USN (2 times)
CN (1 time)
2009 Neglect dyslexia: frequency, association with other hemispatial neglects, and lesion localization.
51  niacin-deficient
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PF (9 times)
ENU (4 times)
ETO (2 times)
1994 Dietary niacin deficiency lowers tissue poly(ADP-ribose) and NAD+ concentrations in Fischer-344 rats.
52  non-dippers
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BP (6 times)
RD (3 times)
ABPM (2 times)
1995 Differential effects of an alpha 1-blocker (doxazosin) on diurnal blood pressure variation in dipper and non-dipper type hypertension.
53  non-dormant
(10 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ABA (3 times)
CD (1 time)
Cvi (1 time)
1978 Membrene turnover in imbibed and dormant embryos of the wild oat (Avena fatua L.) : I. Protein turnover and membrane replacement.
54  nutritional deprivation
(10 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CTL (6 times)
Dia (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
1990 Effect of acute nutritional deprivation on diaphragm structure and function.
55  neuronal differentiation
(9 times)
Virology
(4 times)
HSV-1 (4 times)
QIF (4 times)
HS (2 times)
1999 Heat stress activates production of herpes simplex virus type 1 from quiescently infected neurally differentiated PC12 cells.
56  nondiabetic controls
(9 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
AAs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1984 Increased plasma and tissue levels of vitamin E in the spontaneously diabetic BB rat.
57  neurodevelopmental disorders
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
NCPP (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1994 Fall conception increases the risk of neurodevelopmental disorder in offspring.
58  Nevus depigmentosus
(8 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
EM (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1975 Congenital circumscribed hypomelanosis: a characterization based on electron microscopic study of tuberous sclerosis, nevus depigmentosus, and piebaldism.
59  nondefective
(8 times)
Virology
(4 times)
Ad2 (2 times)
RD (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
1975 RNA of replication-defective strains of Rous sarcoma virus.
60  nondysplastic
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BE (2 times)
LGD (2 times)
AOIs (1 time)
1998 Uterine cervical dysplasia and cancer: identification of c-myc status by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
61  Nordic diet
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
AR (2 times)
CD (2 times)
apo (1 time)
2011 Effects of a healthy Nordic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolaemic subjects: a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET).
62  normal density
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DMFS (1 time)
1998 Two distinct pathways mediate the formation of intermediate density cells and hyperdense cells from normal density sickle red blood cells.
63  numerical density
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang-2 (1 time)
1992 Coronary vascular remodeling and coronary resistance during chronic ischemia.
64  nutrient density
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ED (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
BWG (1 time)
2005 Dietary fat and the prevention of chronic disease.
65  nutritional dwarfing
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
WT (3 times)
BC (2 times)
F/CSS (1 time)
1991 Nutritional dwarfing: a growth abnormality associated with reduced erythrocyte Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity.
66  negative for dysplasia
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HGD (6 times)
LGD (6 times)
BM (3 times)
2002 Estrogen receptor-beta is expressed in Barrett's metaplasia and associated adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
67  neurogenic dysphagia
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CH (2 times)
FEES (2 times)
VFSS (2 times)
2004 Dysphagia and multiple sclerosis.
68  non-diabetic individuals
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
T2D (5 times)
AT (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2011 Implications of prevalent and incident diabetes mellitus on left ventricular geometry and function in the ageing heart: the MONICA/KORA Augsburg cohort study.
69  non-diabetic subjects
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AER (1 time)
alpha 2M (1 time)
APOE (1 time)
2001 Is there a physiological variability for albumin excretion rate? Study in patients with diabetes type 1 and non-diabetic individuals.
70  normal development
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
aBMD (1 time)
ADHD-RD (1 time)
BRIEF-A (1 time)
1998 Decreased cerebellar posterior vermis size in fragile X syndrome: correlation with neurocognitive performance.
71  nuclear density
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NA (4 times)
NP (4 times)
NR (2 times)
1999 The use of nuclear morphometry for the prediction of survival in patients with advanced cancer of the larynx.
72  discotic nematic
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
NC (2 times)
Colh (1 time)
cryo-FIB-SEM (1 time)
2004 Rheological properties in discotic liquid crystalline phases of 2,3,7,8,12,13-hexa(n-tetradecanoyloxy)truxene.
73  nanodot
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
NW (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
E-field (1 time)
2011 Silver nanostructure sensing platform for maximum-contrast fluorescence cell imaging.
74  neighborhood disadvantage
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2011 Are impulsive adolescents differentially influenced by the good and bad of neighborhood and family?
75  neonatal day
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Fd (3 times)
L-DOPA (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1983 Development of catecholaminergic nerves in the spinal cord of the rat.
76  neonatal death
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
A/REDF (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
2006 Neonatal outcome after preterm delivery in HELLP syndrome.
77  nephric duct
(6 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CAKUT (2 times)
GDNF (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2011 Nephric duct insertion is a crucial step in urinary tract maturation that is regulated by a Gata3-Raldh2-Ret molecular network in mice.
78  non-dependent
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2003 Experimental ventilator-associated pneumonia: distribution of lung infection and consequences for lung aeration.
79  nondiabetic patients
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1979 Capillary basal laminar thichness in diabetic human myocardium.
80  nondialyzable
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HyPro (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
POAN (1 time)
1981 The postabsorptive urinary hydroxyproline (spot-HYPRO) in patients with multiple myeloma.
81  nondiseased
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DCM (2 times)
2-AB (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
1996 Different electrophoretic techniques produce conflicting data in the analysis of myocardial samples from dilated cardiomyopathy patients: protein levels do not necessarily reflect mRNA levels.
82  nuclear domains
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
HPV (1 time)
HPV33 (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1991 Identification of a novel nuclear domain.
83  nutritionally deprived
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CTL (4 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
1986 Effect of nutritional deprivation on diaphragm contractility and muscle fiber size.
84  19-nortestosterone decanoate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TE (2 times)
DHT (1 time)
DPG (1 time)
1975 Effect of nortestosterone decanoate on red cell 2,3 diphosphoglycerate and hematocrit in hemodialysis patients.
85  nasoduodenal
(5 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
NG (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
VAP (2 times)
1985 Intestinal decompression: preliminary study in the horse.
86  natural dentition
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CDs (2 times)
SS (2 times)
TMW (2 times)
2008 Progressive recovery of osseoperception as a function of the combination of implant-supported prostheses.
87  near darkness
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CL (4 times)
CBL (3 times)
CA (2 times)
2002 Preterm infants born at less than 31 weeks' gestation have improved growth in cycled light compared with continuous near darkness.
88  neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PCO (2 times)
IOL (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2013 Wnt signaling promotes Muller cell proliferation and survival after injury.
89  nerve decompression
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DFU (2 times)
DSPN (2 times)
CFN (1 time)
2011 Needle decompression for tension pneumothorax in Tactical Combat Casualty Care: do catheters placed in the midaxillary line kink more often than those in the midclavicular line?
90  neuroendocrine differentiation
(5 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
HCCs (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
1993 "Neuroendocrine" differentiation in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs): immunohistochemical reactivity is related to distinct tumor cell types, but not to tumor grade.
91  neurological dysphagia
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HNC (5 times)
PEG (4 times)
Cr (2 times)
2014 Serum Zn levels in dysphagic patients who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy for long term enteral nutrition.
92  neuronal discharge
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
DA (3 times)
CB (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1995 Electrochemical detection of rapid DA release kinetics during hypoxia in perfused-superfused cat CB.
93  non-deprived
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CCK2 (1 time)
1991 Effects of monocular visual deprivation on geniculocortical innervation of area 18 in cat.
94  normal delivery
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CS (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2011 Why women request cesarean section without medical indication?
95  normal dentin
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAD (4 times)
SEM (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2004 Micro-tensile bond strength of self-etching primer adhesive systems to human coronal carious dentin.
96  normal diet group
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
HF (2 times)
FA (1 time)
2004 Genistein supplementation inhibits atherosclerosis with stabilization of the lesions in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
97  normally developing children
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
CWS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1997 Children with a pervasive developmental disorder, children with a language disorder and normally developing children in situations with high- and low-level involvement of the caregiver.
98  nucleus dorsalis
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
nNOS (3 times)
NO (3 times)
RN (3 times)
2000 Neuroprotective and neurodestructive functions of nitric oxide after spinal cord hemisection.
99  diamond nanoparticles
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
Gln (1 time)
NG (1 time)
OPVs (1 time)
2011 Tunable fluorescence in chromophore-functionalized nanodiamond induced by energy transfer.
100  naphthalene diimide
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
dsDNA (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and anticancer properties of a novel bis-intercalator.