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Abbreviation: ND
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Long forms: 776

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal diet
(595 times)
Biochemistry
(66 times)
HFD (347 times)
HCD (31 times)
TG (31 times)
1975 [Dependence on and preference for morphine. (III) Improvement of spontaneous drug intake after combined treatment with morphine and cocaine].
Newcastle disease
(528 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(270 times)
NDV (222 times)
HI (66 times)
AI (43 times)
1975 Serological responses of broiler-type chickens, with and without Newcastle disease and infectious Bronchitis vaccine, to experimental infection with Mycoplasma synoviae by foot pad, air sac and aerosol.
nicotine dependence
(259 times)
Psychiatry
(62 times)
FTND (54 times)
SNPs (42 times)
AA (28 times)
1999 A population-based twin study in women of smoking initiation and nicotine dependence.
nondiabetic
(228 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
T2D (36 times)
DM (15 times)
STZ (13 times)
1975 Uric acid excretion by the rat kidney.
neck dissection
(175 times)
Otolaryngology
(77 times)
OS (19 times)
CRT (16 times)
LN (16 times)
1995 Transoral laser resection with staged discontinuous neck dissection for oral cavity and oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma.
nanodiamond
(156 times)
Nanotechnology
(35 times)
DOX (11 times)
NP (5 times)
AFM (4 times)
2006 Control of sp2/sp3 carbon ratio and surface chemistry of nanodiamond powders by selective oxidation in air.
nandrolone decanoate
(133 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
AAS (21 times)
AASs (5 times)
FFM (5 times)
1976 [Anabolic steroids: damages, effect on performance, and on metabolism (author's transl)].
neurodegenerative diseases
(115 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
AD (23 times)
PD (21 times)
ALS (9 times)
1998 Basic and clinical studies on the measurement of tau protein in cerebrospinal fluid as a biological marker for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders: multicenter study in Japan.
non-demented
(74 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
AD (41 times)
CSF (3 times)
DLB (3 times)
1993 Association cortex, cerebellum, and serum concentrations of C1q and factor B in Alzheimer's disease.
10  nondominant
(66 times)
Physiology
(27 times)
COD (4 times)
DOM (3 times)
GRF (3 times)
1976 Comparison of unilateral dominant and non-dominant ECT on verbal and non-verbal memory.
11  neurodevelopmental
(56 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
CHD (8 times)
CA (5 times)
GA (5 times)
1988 Neurodevelopmental outcome in cystic periventricular leukomalacia (CPVL) (30 cases).
12  neutral density
(56 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
HG (6 times)
RSI (4 times)
CIP (3 times)
1987 Binocular contrast detection with unequal monocular illuminance.
13  nondiagnostic
(52 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
FNA (18 times)
AUS (12 times)
AUS/FLUS (10 times)
1998 Assessment of fine-needle aspiration sampling technique in thyroid nodules.
14  Norrie disease
(51 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
NDP (9 times)
ROP (7 times)
SSCP (5 times)
1985 Norrie disease caused by a gene deletion allowing carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis.
15  newly diagnosed
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CR (16 times)
AML (12 times)
RR (8 times)
1985 Alterations in health perception and lifestyle in treated hypertensives.
16  neurological deterioration
(41 times)
Brain
(18 times)
NIHSS (13 times)
ICH (6 times)
AIS (5 times)
1994 Neurologic deterioration in noncomatose patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage.
17  neurological disease
(41 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
BP (7 times)
BM (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1981 [Neurologic disorders and cerebral lesion in children with TGA (transposition of the great arteries) (author's transl)].
18  non-detectable
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
dw (3 times)
GC (3 times)
ECD (2 times)
1975 Studies of ACTH secretion control in 116 cases of Cushing's syndrome.
19  nanodisk
(39 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
AmB (5 times)
CL (4 times)
apo (2 times)
2006 Spectroscopic studies of amphotericin B solubilized in nanoscale bilayer membranes.
20  NADH dehydrogenase
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
mtDNA (12 times)
CO (3 times)
COX (3 times)
1987 A novel gene order in the Paracentrotus lividus mitochondrial genome.
21  nursing diagnosis
(32 times)
Nursing
(23 times)
DCs (4 times)
HF (3 times)
DC (2 times)
1995 [Patients with cardiac disorders: diagnostic profile elaborated for nursing students].
22  nipple discharge
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DP (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
2000 A simple approach to nipple discharge.
23  neurodegeneration
(28 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CNS (6 times)
LCH (6 times)
AD (4 times)
2005 Heterogeneous cellular environments modulate one-hit neuronal death kinetics.
24  neurologic deficit
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
MCAO (5 times)
IS (4 times)
CA (3 times)
1977 Global brain ischemia: a reproducible monkey model.
25  neutron diffraction
(24 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
XRD (8 times)
c-a (2 times)
HRTEM (2 times)
2002 Magnetism and structural chemistry of the n = 1 Ruddlesden-Popper phases La4LiMnO8 and La3SrLiMnO8.
26  neutrophilic dermatosis
(24 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
MDS (4 times)
PG (3 times)
MF (2 times)
1983 Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) and myeloproliferative disorders.
27  NADPH-diaphorase
(23 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
NO (5 times)
NOS (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
1991 Interstrain differences in red cell enzyme activities in mice and rats.
28  normal donors
(22 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
OA (7 times)
MM (6 times)
RA (6 times)
1999 Content of long-term culture-initiating cells, clonogenic progenitors and CD34 cells in apheresis harvests of normal donors for allogeneic transplantation, and in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or multiple myeloma.
29  nucleus of Darkschewitsch
(22 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
HRP (6 times)
INC (6 times)
iC (3 times)
1978 A cell group associated with vertical eye movements in the rostral mesencephalic reticular formation of the monkey.
30  neighborhood density
(20 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
WF (5 times)
PP (4 times)
LT (2 times)
2007 Event-related brain potential evidence for early effects of neighborhood density in word recognition.
31  nutrient deprivation
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NR (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
TAG (2 times)
2002 Rac-dependent monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 production is induced by nutrient deprivation.
32  navicular drop
(19 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
NH (4 times)
SFE (3 times)
ERLP (2 times)
2003 Subtalar Pronation Does Not Influence Impact Forces or Rate of Loading During a Single-Leg Landing.
33  nondisabled
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SCI (8 times)
DS (2 times)
RD (2 times)
1990 A comparison of language deficits in learning-disabled, head-injured, and nondisabled young adults: results from an abbreviated Aphasia Screening Test.
34  normal chow diet
(19 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
HFD (10 times)
LGG (2 times)
SG (2 times)
2003 p38 MAPK inhibitors ameliorate target organ damage in hypertension: Part 2. Improved renal function as assessed by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
35  normally developing
(19 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(8 times)
SLI (4 times)
CP (3 times)
DS (3 times)
1983 The effects of developmental delay on sustained attention in young children.
36  North Dakota
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MN (4 times)
SD (3 times)
AFLP (2 times)
2003 Diversity of Epidemic Populations of Gibberella zeae from Small Quadrats in Kansas and North Dakota.
37  non-dialysis
(18 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
HD (10 times)
CKD (7 times)
PD (4 times)
1996 [Uremic polyneuropathy in patients treated conservatively (nondialyzed) or treated with dialysis].
38  nondisjunction
(18 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
SLRL (3 times)
DS (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1979 Meiotic nondisjunction in the mouse: methodology for genetic testing and comparison with other methods.
39  nifedipine
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
KT (4 times)
DNQX (2 times)
I/R (2 times)
1998 Effect of calcium-channel blocking drugs on focal ventricular arrhythmias induced by sub-epicardial epinephrine infusion in cats.
40  N-terminal domain
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
Cd (4 times)
FST (4 times)
Fstl3 (2 times)
2005 Implications of an antiparallel dimeric structure of nonphosphorylated STAT1 for the activation-inactivation cycle.
41  neurodevelopmental disorders
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ASD (4 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ID (3 times)
1994 Fall conception increases the risk of neurodevelopmental disorder in offspring.
42  non-depressed
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
MDD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
ADNI (1 time)
1997 The response styles theory of depression: tests and an extension of the theory.
43  nuclear diameter
(15 times)
Cytological Techniques
(3 times)
CD (11 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
N/C (2 times)
1992 The size of small cell lung carcinoma cells. Ratio to lymphocytes and correlation with specimen size and crush artifact.
44  non-dormant
(14 times)
Botany
(8 times)
ABA (6 times)
PD (2 times)
PY (2 times)
1978 Membrene turnover in imbibed and dormant embryos of the wild oat (Avena fatua L.) : I. Protein turnover and membrane replacement.
45  nordiazepam
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
OX (7 times)
DZ (5 times)
CZP (2 times)
1982 [Pharmacokinetic studies after oral and parenteral application of dipotassium chlorazepate (author's transl)].
46  Nordic diet
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
WMD (4 times)
CD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Effects of a healthy Nordic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolaemic subjects: a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET).
47  neonatal diabetes
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
ATP (2 times)
PND (2 times)
SUR (2 times)
2000 [Neonatal diabetes, heterogeneous syndrome].
48  neurobehavior disinhibition
(13 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
SUD (5 times)
SUDs (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2005 Direct and mediated associations between P300 amplitude in childhood and substance use disorders outcome in young adulthood.
49  never depressed
(13 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
RD (4 times)
1994 A comparison of self-esteem lability and low trait self-esteem as vulnerability factors for depression.
50  non-divers
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BP (6 times)
RD (3 times)
ABPM (2 times)
1995 Differential effects of an alpha 1-blocker (doxazosin) on diurnal blood pressure variation in dipper and non-dipper type hypertension.
51  nandrolone
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AAS (3 times)
ST (3 times)
TP (3 times)
1993 Testosterone administration increases insulin-like growth factor-I levels in normal men.
52  nocodazole
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
MT (3 times)
EC (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1983 Invasiveness and tumorigenicity of MO4 mouse fibrosarcoma cells pretreated with microtubule inhibitors.
53  nondysplastic
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
BE (5 times)
HGD (3 times)
LGD (3 times)
1998 Uterine cervical dysplasia and cancer: identification of c-myc status by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
54  nutritional deprivation
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CTL (6 times)
Dia (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
1990 Effect of acute nutritional deprivation on diaphragm structure and function.
55  near diploid
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AN (7 times)
FCM (2 times)
ND-anc (2 times)
1985 DNA content in carcinoma of the rectum and rectosigmoid.
56  neglect dyslexia
(10 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
OKS (2 times)
USN (2 times)
CN (1 time)
2009 Neglect dyslexia: frequency, association with other hemispatial neglects, and lesion localization.
57  Nevus depigmentosus
(10 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
EM (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1975 Congenital circumscribed hypomelanosis: a characterization based on electron microscopic study of tuberous sclerosis, nevus depigmentosus, and piebaldism.
58  niacin-deficient
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PF (9 times)
ENU (4 times)
ETO (2 times)
1994 Dietary niacin deficiency lowers tissue poly(ADP-ribose) and NAD+ concentrations in Fischer-344 rats.
59  normal diet group
(10 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
HF (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
2004 Genistein supplementation inhibits atherosclerosis with stabilization of the lesions in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
60  nutrient density
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ED (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
FCR (2 times)
2005 Dietary fat and the prevention of chronic disease.
61  nanodot
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
NW (2 times)
4-MBT (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Silver nanostructure sensing platform for maximum-contrast fluorescence cell imaging.
62  neighborhood disadvantage
(9 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2011 Are impulsive adolescents differentially influenced by the good and bad of neighborhood and family?
63  neurally differentiated
(9 times)
Virology
(3 times)
QIF (4 times)
HSV-1 (3 times)
LAT (2 times)
2000 Herpesvirus quiescence in neuronal cells: antiviral conditions not required to establish and maintain HSV-2 quiescence.
64  non-dependent
(9 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
SD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2003 Experimental ventilator-associated pneumonia: distribution of lung infection and consequences for lung aeration.
65  nondefective
(9 times)
Virology
(5 times)
Ad2 (2 times)
rd (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
1975 RNA of replication-defective strains of Rous sarcoma virus.
66  normal development
(9 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
aBMD (1 time)
ADHD-RD (1 time)
BRIEF-A (1 time)
1998 Decreased cerebellar posterior vermis size in fragile X syndrome: correlation with neurocognitive performance.
67  non-diabetic individuals
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
T2D (6 times)
IL (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2011 Implications of prevalent and incident diabetes mellitus on left ventricular geometry and function in the ageing heart: the MONICA/KORA Augsburg cohort study.
68  non-diabetic subjects
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
AER (1 time)
alpha 2M (1 time)
APOE (1 time)
2001 Is there a physiological variability for albumin excretion rate? Study in patients with diabetes type 1 and non-diabetic individuals.
69  nondefoliating
(8 times)
Botany
(3 times)
PCR (2 times)
AUDPC (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
2003 Simultaneous Detection of the Defoliating and Nondefoliating Verticillium dahliae Pathotypes in Infected Olive Plants by Duplex, Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction.
70  normal dentin
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
CAD (7 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
IPP (2 times)
2004 Micro-tensile bond strength of self-etching primer adhesive systems to human coronal carious dentin.
71  numerical density
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang-2 (1 time)
1992 Coronary vascular remodeling and coronary resistance during chronic ischemia.
72  nutritional dwarfing
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
WT (3 times)
BC (2 times)
F/CSS (1 time)
1991 Nutritional dwarfing: a growth abnormality associated with reduced erythrocyte Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity.
73  negative for dysplasia
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HGD (6 times)
LGD (6 times)
BM (3 times)
2002 Estrogen receptor-beta is expressed in Barrett's metaplasia and associated adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
74  nerve decompression
(7 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(2 times)
CFN (2 times)
DFU (2 times)
DSPN (2 times)
2011 Needle decompression for tension pneumothorax in Tactical Combat Casualty Care: do catheters placed in the midaxillary line kink more often than those in the midclavicular line?
75  neurogenic dysphagia
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CH (2 times)
FEES (2 times)
VFSS (2 times)
2004 Dysphagia and multiple sclerosis.
76  nuclear density
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NA (4 times)
NP (4 times)
NR (2 times)
1999 The use of nuclear morphometry for the prediction of survival in patients with advanced cancer of the larynx.
77  discotic nematic
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
N C (2 times)
Colh (1 time)
cryo-FIB-SEM (1 time)
2004 Rheological properties in discotic liquid crystalline phases of 2,3,7,8,12,13-hexa(n-tetradecanoyloxy)truxene.
78  naphthalene diimide
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AIE (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and anticancer properties of a novel bis-intercalator.
79  near-drowning
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CSCIs (1 time)
1992 Comparison of the pulmonary lymphatic and hemodynamic changes of near-drowning in a sheep model.
80  neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PCO (2 times)
IOL (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2013 Wnt signaling promotes Muller cell proliferation and survival after injury.
81  neonatal day
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Fd (3 times)
L-DOPA (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1983 Development of catecholaminergic nerves in the spinal cord of the rat.
82  neonatal death
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
A/REDF (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
2006 Neonatal outcome after preterm delivery in HELLP syndrome.
83  nephric duct
(6 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CAKUT (2 times)
GDNF (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2011 Nephric duct insertion is a crucial step in urinary tract maturation that is regulated by a Gata3-Raldh2-Ret molecular network in mice.
84  neurodevelopmental disability
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BPD (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
EPIs (1 time)
2012 Outcome at two years of age in a Swiss national cohort of extremely preterm infants born between 2000 and 2008.
85  neurological dysfunction
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AADA (2 times)
CF-LVAD (2 times)
GERAADA (2 times)
1990 Neonatal neurological dysfunction in a cohort of very preterm and/or very low birthweight infants--relation to other perinatal factors and outcome at 2 years.
86  nitrifier denitrification
(6 times)
Technology
(3 times)
WWTPs (2 times)
AnAOB (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
2011 Source determination of nitrous oxide based on nitrogen and oxygen isotope tracing dealing with oxygen exchange.
87  non-deprived
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AMPH (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CCK2 (1 time)
1991 Effects of monocular visual deprivation on geniculocortical innervation of area 18 in cat.
88  non-diabetic controls
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ApoA1 (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1984 Increased plasma and tissue levels of vitamin E in the spontaneously diabetic BB rat.
89  non-dipping
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
ABPM (2 times)
CI (2 times)
OSA (2 times)
2004 Dieting and the development of eating disorders in obese women: results of a randomized controlled trial.
90  non-diseased
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DCM (2 times)
2-AB (1 time)
AHA (1 time)
1996 Different electrophoretic techniques produce conflicting data in the analysis of myocardial samples from dilated cardiomyopathy patients: protein levels do not necessarily reflect mRNA levels.
91  nondiabetic patients
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1979 Capillary basal laminar thichness in diabetic human myocardium.
92  nondialyzable
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HyPro (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
POAN (1 time)
1981 The postabsorptive urinary hydroxyproline (spot-HYPRO) in patients with multiple myeloma.
93  normal delivery
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CS (4 times)
CAT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2011 Why women request cesarean section without medical indication?
94  nuclear domains
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
HPV (1 time)
HPV33 (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1991 Identification of a novel nuclear domain.
95  nutritionally deprived
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CTL (4 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
1986 Effect of nutritional deprivation on diaphragm contractility and muscle fiber size.
96  19-nortestosterone decanoate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TE (2 times)
DHT (1 time)
DPG (1 time)
1975 Effect of nortestosterone decanoate on red cell 2,3 diphosphoglycerate and hematocrit in hemodialysis patients.
97  nanodiamond particle
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
AETBs (1 time)
AOx (1 time)
beta-TCP (1 time)
2011 Study on protein conformation and adsorption behaviors in nanodiamond particle-protein complexes.
98  nasoduodenal
(5 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
NG (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
VAP (2 times)
1985 Intestinal decompression: preliminary study in the horse.
99  natural dentition
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CDs (2 times)
SS (2 times)
TMW (2 times)
2008 Progressive recovery of osseoperception as a function of the combination of implant-supported prostheses.
100  near darkness
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CL (4 times)
CBL (3 times)
CA (2 times)
2002 Preterm infants born at less than 31 weeks' gestation have improved growth in cycled light compared with continuous near darkness.