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Abbreviation: NG
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Long forms: 450

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
(445 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(132 times)
CT (323 times)
TV (91 times)
STIs (80 times)
1986 Enhancing detection of gonococcus in ejaculates of adult males using sperm dilution.
nasogastric
(298 times)
Medicine
(34 times)
PEG (18 times)
NJ (14 times)
GI (11 times)
1979 Evaluation of gastrointestinal bleeding by red blood cells labeled in vivo with technetium-99m.
nitroglycerin
(192 times)
Pharmacology
(36 times)
PETN (16 times)
ACh (15 times)
NO (15 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
normal glucose
(142 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
HG (124 times)
DN (18 times)
ROS (17 times)
1991 Plasma catecholamine and lactate response during graded exercise with varied glycogen conditions.
nodose ganglion
(139 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
DRG (36 times)
NTS (19 times)
CGRP (15 times)
1981 Cardiac and non-cardiac preganglionic neurones of the thoracic vagus nerve: an HRP study in the cat.
natural gas
(77 times)
Environmental Health
(36 times)
AT (10 times)
GHG (6 times)
LCA (6 times)
2002 On the optimal partitioning of data with K-means, growing K-means, neural gas, and growing neural gas.
nodular goiter
(74 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PTC (36 times)
FA (15 times)
HT (12 times)
1991 Studies of CD4+ (helper/inducer) T lymphocytes in autoimmune thyroid disease: demonstration of specific induction in response to thyroid peroxidase (TPO) in vitro and its relationship with thyroid status in vivo.
normoglycemic
(73 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
HG (20 times)
DM (12 times)
IFG (8 times)
1982 Interrelation between fatty acid oxidation and control of gluconeogenic substrates in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants with hypoglycemia and with normoglycemia.
nitrogen-doped graphene
(70 times)
Nanotechnology
(19 times)
ORR (11 times)
NPs (5 times)
GCE (4 times)
2011 Catalyst-free synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene via thermal annealing graphite oxide with melamine and its excellent electrocatalysis.
10  nuclear grade
(67 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
ER (12 times)
HG (9 times)
PR (8 times)
1975 Prognosis in breast cancer utilizing histologic characteristics of the primary tumor.
11  naringenin
(52 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
TNF-alpha (5 times)
IL-6 (4 times)
CP (3 times)
2000 Antioxidant and prooxidant actions of prenylated and nonprenylated chalcones and flavanones in vitro.
12  normal group
(47 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
MG (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
CG (4 times)
1986 Description of a novel microcomputer program to analyze left ventricular segmental wall motion during normal sinus rhythm and sinus tachycardia.
13  nanogenerator
(40 times)
Nanotechnology
(22 times)
PVDF (8 times)
NW (6 times)
PDMS (4 times)
2007 Integrated nanogenerators in biofluid.
14  N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine
(29 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
EMS (3 times)
MC (3 times)
UV (2 times)
1968 Inactivating and mutagenic effects of 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine on intracellular bacteriophage.
15  normal gravity
(25 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SMG (9 times)
LSMMG (6 times)
HG (4 times)
1997 Voluntary head stabilization in space during oscillatory trunk movements in the frontal plane performed in weightlessness.
16  nanogel
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
PEG (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
2013 Alginate-coated chitosan nanogel capacity to modulate the effect of TLR ligands on blood dendritic cells.
17  nitrosoguanidine
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
UV (3 times)
NA (2 times)
2dG (1 time)
1971 Mutants of Staphylococcus aureus with increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation.
18  N-doped graphene
(19 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DPV (2 times)
GO (2 times)
MB (2 times)
2012 Nitrogen-doped graphene: beyond single substitution and enhanced molecular sensing.
19  neutrophil granulocytes
(19 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CML (3 times)
HPF (2 times)
AM (1 time)
1991 A study of the myeloid differentiation antigens of the peripheral blood neutrophil granulocytes in the different evolutive phases of chronic myeloid leukemia.
20  norgestrel
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EE (4 times)
EV (4 times)
HRT (4 times)
1975 Excretion and stereoselective biotransformations of dl-, d- and l-norgestrel in women.
21  nanographene
(17 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CNT (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
2012 A theoretical investigation into the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azidotrimethylsilane onto nanographene.
22  nodular gastritis
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
H. pylori (3 times)
PG (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Nodular gastritis in Japanese young adults: endoscopic and histological observations.
23  National Guard
(15 times)
Military Medicine
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2002 Drug-positive rates for the Army from fiscal years 1991 to 2000 and for the National Guard from Fiscal years 1997 to 2000.
24  normal gingiva
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
HGF (10 times)
RT-PCR (5 times)
TGF-beta1 (5 times)
1990 Changes in the number and distribution of Langerhans cells in the hydantoin hyperplasic gingiva as compared with the clinically normal one.
25  nasogastric tube
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PEG (3 times)
N-BAL (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
1991 [Effect of nasogastric tube on esophageal mucosa].
26  nanogold
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
GC (2 times)
LAS (2 times)
RRS (2 times)
2005 Reagentless electrochemical biosensor based on the multi-wall carbon nanotubes and nanogold particles composite film.
27  net grains/nucleus
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
UDS (10 times)
MMS (3 times)
2-AAF (2 times)
1982 Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in rat hepatocytes following in vivo treatment with dinitrotoluene.
28  next-generation
(11 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
BRDA (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2006 Adaptive transmit diversity with orthogonal space-time block coding for telemedicine application.
29  nucleus gracilis
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
VPL (4 times)
CRD (3 times)
DC (2 times)
1981 Projections of caudal fasciculus gracilis to nucleus gracilis and other medullary structures, and Clarke's nucleus in the rat.
30  neuropile glial
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
1980 Fluorescence marking of neuropile glial cells in the central nervous system of the leech Hirudo medicinalis.
31  normal control group
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MG (4 times)
CO (2 times)
HOHS (2 times)
2003 [Maxillary growth following tissue engineered oral mucosal implantation on mucoperiosteal denudated palate process in young rat].
32  normal geometry
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CR (8 times)
EH (6 times)
CH (5 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
33  normal glucose group
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
HG (8 times)
ROS (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
2009 Berberine reduces fibronectin and collagen accumulation in rat glomerular mesangial cells cultured under high glucose condition.
34  nanograined
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CG (6 times)
SFT (2 times)
FN (1 time)
2011 Revealing extraordinary intrinsic tensile plasticity in gradient nano-grained copper.
35  nasal glucagon
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
IMG (3 times)
T1D (3 times)
BG (2 times)
2018 Effects of common cold and concomitant administration of nasal decongestant on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nasal glucagon in otherwise healthy participants: A randomized clinical trial.
36  N-nitrosoguvacoline
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MEC (1 time)
NGC (1 time)
1983 A study of betel quid carcinogenesis. 1. On the in vitro N-nitrosation of arecoline.
37  negative group
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PG (7 times)
BS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2002 [Assessment of autonomic nervous function during orthostatic stress in pilots with history of syncope].
38  nephrographic
(7 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CM (7 times)
AUC (4 times)
AML (2 times)
2016 Angiomyolipoma (AML) without visible fat: Ultrasound, CT and MR imaging features with pathological correlation.
39  non-Gaussianity
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
RTOP (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2008 Estimation of the orientation distribution function from diffusional kurtosis imaging.
40  non-gelatinized
(7 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
A/G (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2006 Pre- and post-challenge immuno-haematological changes in Labeo rohita juveniles fed gelatinised or non-gelatinised carbohydrate with n-3 PUFA.
41  normally grown
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IUGR (4 times)
IGR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1978 Perinatal nitrogen accretion in muscles and fingernails.
42  neostigmine group
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CG (5 times)
VAS (3 times)
DG (1 time)
1996 The effects of intrathecal neostigmine on somatic and visceral pain: improvement by association with a peripheral anticholinergic.
43  nerve/glial antigen
(6 times)
Cells
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EAE (1 time)
2014 Distribution of corticosteroid receptors in mature oligodendrocytes and oligodendrocyte progenitors of the adult mouse brain.
44  nominal group
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
IUC (1 time)
PSWs (1 time)
2000 Research priorities in critical care medicine in the UK.
45  natural graphite
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
DSC (1 time)
FLG (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2012 Synthesis of silicon monoxide-pyrolytic carbon-carbon nanofiber composites and their hybridization with natural graphite as a means of improving the anodic performance of lithium-ion batteries.
46  negative geotaxis
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1998 Ultrasonic vocalizations in rat pups: effects of serotonergic ligands.
47  nerve graft
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
ANVF (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
CNF (1 time)
1998 Stimulated jitter measurement in the assessment of recovery after different methods of peripheral nerve repair.
48  Newport Green
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
CM (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2006 Measuring cell viability with membrane impermeable zinc fluorescent indicator.
49  non-glycosylated
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
G-CSF (1 time)
HNE (1 time)
IGF (1 time)
2000 O-glycosylation delays the clearance of human IGF-binding protein-6 from the circulation.
50  non-grazed
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
ES (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
1998 [Usefulness of ECG-gated 99mTc-MIBI myocardial SPECT in the follow-up study of patients with acute myocardial infarction].
51  non-groupable
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CC4821 (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
hUS (1 time)
2007 Populations of pharyngeal meningococci in Niger.
52  norgestimate
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
EE (5 times)
dNG (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
1981 Effects of norgestimate in combination with ethinyl estradiol on cervical mucus.
53  North German
(5 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
AE (3 times)
PF (2 times)
dis (1 time)
1998 Dynamic specification of coarticulated German vowels: perceptual and acoustical studies.
54  nucleation and growth
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
SD (2 times)
CH (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
2009 Complex phase separation in poly(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene)-modified epoxy/4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone blends: generation of new micro- and nanosubstructures.
55  nutritional geometry
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2016 The Multidimensional Nutritional Niche.
56  n-nonyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
OG (2 times)
CMF (1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
1997 Detergent effects on the light-harvesting chlorophyll A/B-protein complex crystallization revealed by fluorescence depolarization.
57  naming game
(4 times)
Physics
(3 times)
ODE (1 time)
2011 Role of feedback and broadcasting in the naming game.
58  nanoglass
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2015 Strong and superplastic nanoglass.
59  Napier grass
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CM (2 times)
CS (2 times)
AGR (1 time)
2016 Effect of Different Lignocellulosic Diets on Bacterial Microbiota and Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities in the Gut of the Cotton Boll Weevil (Anthonomus grandis).
60  new graduate
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 2014 A mixed methods exploration of the team and organizational factors that may predict new graduate nurse engagement in collaborative practice.
61  NG108-15
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BK (1 time)
CCh (1 time)
2006 Enhancement of serotonin- and bradykinin-evoked calcium ion dynamics in differentiated NG108-15 cells.
62  normoglycemic supplemented with L-glutamine
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DG (4 times)
DGO (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical study of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) enteric neurons in diabetic rats supplemented with L-glutamine.
63  nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
APC (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
LAPC (1 time)
2017 Eligibility of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Patients for First-Line Palliative Intent nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine Versus FOLFIRINOX.
64  Nambu-Goldstone
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ANO (1 time)
2017 Geometric Baryogenesis from Shift Symmetry.
65  Nanogels
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
HA-NG (1 time)
HAF (1 time)
2013 Cellular Uptake and Intracellular Cargo Release From Dextran Based Nanogel Drug Carriers.
66  natural grassland
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SOC (2 times)
MAOM (1 time)
NGLP (1 time)
2017 Soil, Leaf and Root Ecological Stoichiometry of Caragana korshinskii on the Loess Plateau of China in Relation to Plantation Age.
67  navigation grid
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
IC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of a navigation grid to increase the efficacy of instrument movement during laparoscopic surgery.
68  neat grinding
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LAG (3 times)
dl-ta (1 time)
ISN (1 time)
2016 Solvation and surface effects on polymorph stabilities at the nanoscale.
69  Necrotizing gingivitis
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NP (1 time)
NPD (1 time)
NUG (1 time)
2004 Necrotising periodontal diseases.
70  negative control group
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
2015 Protective Effects of Dietary Supplementation with a Combination of Nutrients in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
71  neovascular glaucoma
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DM (3 times)
ACL (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2013 Vascular endothelial growth factor in anterior chamber liquid patients with diabetic retinopathy, cataract and neovascular glaucoma.
72  neurogenesis
(3 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
EE (1 time)
Vex (1 time)
2007 Causality of stem cell based neurogenesis and depression--to be or not to be, is that the question?
73  neurological grading
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1989 [Clinical study on the prognostic factors of thalamic hemorrhage].
74  new guideline
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IDRFs (2 times)
BrS (1 time)
FG (1 time)
2015 Validity of image-defined risk factors in localized neuroblastoma: A report from two centers in Western Japan.
75  nicotine gum
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CCs (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
MINI (1 time)
1992 Partner support, psychological treatment, and nicotine gum in smoking treatment: an incremental study.
76  nonintervention group
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
IG (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
EASIA (1 time)
2003 Cytokine signatures in atherosclerotic claudicants.
77  normal gait
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
PWB (1 time)
2004 Spatial, temporal and muscle action patterns of Tai Chi gait.
78  normal glycolyzing
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FG (1 time)
RG (1 time)
1999 Rapid postmortem pH decline and delayed chilling reduce quality of turkey breast meat.
79  normoganglionic
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
HD (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1998 Reduced glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor level in aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease.
80  normogravity
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HG (2 times)
EE (1 time)
PN6 (1 time)
2003 Differential impact of hypergravity on maturating innervation in vestibular epithelia during rat development.
81  notoginsengnosides
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
SA (2 times)
CK (1 time)
CSN (1 time)
2008 Interaction of salvianolic acids and notoginsengnosides in inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation.
82  nuclear grains
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
UDS (3 times)
CP (1 time)
DB38 (1 time)
1986 Assessment of unscheduled and replicative DNA synthesis in hepatocytes treated in vivo and in vitro with unleaded gasoline or 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.
83  nurse group
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
MDs (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2009 A health economic evaluation of follow-up after breast cancer surgery: results of an rct study.
84  graphite nanoparticles
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
ND (1 time)
RNS (1 time)
2017 Diamond, graphite, and graphene oxide nanoparticles decrease migration and invasiveness in glioblastoma cell lines by impairing extracellular adhesion.
85  N-(2-hydroxy acetophenone)glycinate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MDR (2 times)
NAC (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
2011 Redox active copper chelate overcomes multidrug resistance in T-lymphoblastic leukemia cell by triggering apoptosis.
86  Nannochloropsis gaditana
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
PT (1 time)
Ts (1 time)
2017 Effect of microalgae on intestinal inflammation triggered by soybean meal and bacterial infection in zebrafish.
87  nanogold particles
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SPR (2 times)
ANG (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
2012 Colorimetric sensing of trace UO2(2+) by using nanogold-seeded nucleation amplification and label-free DNAzyme cleavage reaction.
88  nanogrooved
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
GIWAXS (1 time)
OFETs (1 time)
2009 Time-lapse observation of cell alignment on nanogrooved patterns.
89  nanohydrogel
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
2AAECM (2 times)
CBA (2 times)
NIPA (2 times)
2015 Improved antitumor effect of paclitaxel administered in vivo as pH and glutathione-sensitive nanohydrogels.
90  nanomesh graphene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
N-GQDs (1 time)
QY (1 time)
2020 Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots prepared by electrolysis of nitrogen-doped nanomesh graphene for the fluorometric determination of ferric ions.
91  nanoporous graphene
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
NiO (1 time)
2014 NiO/nanoporous graphene composites with excellent supercapacitive performance produced by atomic layer deposition.
92  naphthochrome green
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
LARVA (1 time)
2007 Continuous flow analysis combined with a light-absorption ratio variation approach for determination of copper at ng/ml level in natural water.
93  nasogastric feeding
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
RDA (1 time)
REE (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of early enteral feeding in children less than 3 years old with smaller burns (8-25 per cent TBSA).
94  nasogastric tube feeding
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
KC (1 time)
PFG (1 time)
1999 First week kangaroo care in sick very preterm infants.
95  national guidelines
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARV (1 time)
CTZ (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
2018 Audit of prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme interventions in HIV-Exposed children at national hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
96  navigator-gated
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
bTFE (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
MRCP (1 time)
2013 Preoperative evaluation of the cystic duct for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: comparison of navigator-gated prospective acquisition correction- and conventional respiratory-triggered techniques at free-breathing 3D MR cholangiopancreatography.
97  necrotizing gingivostomatitis
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NS (1 time)
NUG (1 time)
NUP (1 time)
1995 Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, periodontitis, and stomatitis: clinical staging and predisposing factors.
98  negative
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
IMM (1 time)
PANSS (1 time)
2019 Short communication: Longitudinal study of quarter-level somatic cell responses after naturally occurring, nonsevere clinical mastitis diagnosed as culture negative, or caused by Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae, and randomly assigned to a no-treatment group or to receive intramammary ceftiofur.
99  net gain
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
HSRA (1 time)
1980 Detection of unscheduled DNA synthesis in hepatocytes isolated from rats treated with genotoxic agents: an in vivo- in vitro assay for potential carcinogens and mutagens.
100  neutrophil gelatinase
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LF (2 times)
EPX (1 time)
HNC (1 time)
1998 Isolation and characterization of the cDNA for mouse neutrophil collagenase: demonstration of shared negative regulatory pathways for neutrophil secondary granule protein gene expression.