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Abbreviation: NG
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
(550 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(157 times)
CT (402 times)
TV (108 times)
STIs (101 times)
1986 Enhancing detection of gonococcus in ejaculates of adult males using sperm dilution.
nasogastric
(335 times)
Pediatrics
(38 times)
NJ (18 times)
PEG (18 times)
GI (12 times)
1979 Evaluation of gastrointestinal bleeding by red blood cells labeled in vivo with technetium-99m.
nitroglycerin
(196 times)
Pharmacology
(36 times)
PETN (17 times)
TNT (17 times)
ACh (15 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
normal glucose
(173 times)
Cell Biology
(23 times)
HG (153 times)
DN (23 times)
ROS (23 times)
1991 Plasma catecholamine and lactate response during graded exercise with varied glycogen conditions.
nodose ganglion
(147 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
DRG (36 times)
NTS (20 times)
CGRP (15 times)
1981 Cardiac and non-cardiac preganglionic neurones of the thoracic vagus nerve: an HRP study in the cat.
natural gas
(97 times)
Environmental Health
(45 times)
AT (10 times)
GHG (9 times)
LCA (6 times)
2002 On the optimal partitioning of data with K-means, growing K-means, neural gas, and growing neural gas.
normoglycemic
(90 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
HG (21 times)
DM (16 times)
IFG (8 times)
1982 Interrelation between fatty acid oxidation and control of gluconeogenic substrates in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants with hypoglycemia and with normoglycemia.
nodular goiter
(84 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
PTC (42 times)
FA (15 times)
HT (12 times)
1991 Studies of CD4+ (helper/inducer) T lymphocytes in autoimmune thyroid disease: demonstration of specific induction in response to thyroid peroxidase (TPO) in vitro and its relationship with thyroid status in vivo.
nitrogen-doped graphene
(82 times)
Nanotechnology
(20 times)
ORR (11 times)
NPs (5 times)
XPS (5 times)
2011 Catalyst-free synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene via thermal annealing graphite oxide with melamine and its excellent electrocatalysis.
10  nuclear grade
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
ER (12 times)
HG (9 times)
PR (8 times)
1975 Prognosis in breast cancer utilizing histologic characteristics of the primary tumor.
11  naringenin
(68 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
SOD (5 times)
TNF-alpha (5 times)
AA (4 times)
2000 Antioxidant and prooxidant actions of prenylated and nonprenylated chalcones and flavanones in vitro.
12  normal group
(68 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
MG (10 times)
CG (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
1986 Description of a novel microcomputer program to analyze left ventricular segmental wall motion during normal sinus rhythm and sinus tachycardia.
13  nanogenerator
(41 times)
Nanotechnology
(23 times)
PVDF (8 times)
NW (6 times)
PDMS (4 times)
2007 Integrated nanogenerators in biofluid.
14  normal gravity
(32 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
SMG (13 times)
LSMMG (7 times)
HG (4 times)
1997 Voluntary head stabilization in space during oscillatory trunk movements in the frontal plane performed in weightlessness.
15  N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine
(29 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
EMS (3 times)
MC (3 times)
UV (2 times)
1968 Inactivating and mutagenic effects of 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine on intracellular bacteriophage.
16  nanogel
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
PEG (3 times)
DCs (2 times)
2013 Alginate-coated chitosan nanogel capacity to modulate the effect of TLR ligands on blood dendritic cells.
17  N-doped graphene
(22 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DPV (2 times)
GO (2 times)
MB (2 times)
2012 Nitrogen-doped graphene: beyond single substitution and enhanced molecular sensing.
18  nanographene
(22 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CNT (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
2012 A theoretical investigation into the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azidotrimethylsilane onto nanographene.
19  nitrosoguanidine
(20 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
UV (3 times)
NA (2 times)
2dG (1 time)
1971 Mutants of Staphylococcus aureus with increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation.
20  N. gonorrhoeae
(19 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
CT (10 times)
Nm (5 times)
STIs (4 times)
1983 [Epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated in Switzerland: sensitivity to antibiotics and auxotyping].
21  neutrophil granulocytes
(19 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CML (3 times)
HPF (2 times)
AM (1 time)
1991 A study of the myeloid differentiation antigens of the peripheral blood neutrophil granulocytes in the different evolutive phases of chronic myeloid leukemia.
22  norgestrel
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EE (4 times)
EV (4 times)
HRT (4 times)
1975 Excretion and stereoselective biotransformations of dl-, d- and l-norgestrel in women.
23  nasogastric tube
(17 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PEG (3 times)
N-BAL (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
1991 [Effect of nasogastric tube on esophageal mucosa].
24  nodular gastritis
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
H. pylori (3 times)
PG (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Nodular gastritis in adults: clinical features, endoscopic appearance, histopathological features, and response to therapy.
25  National Guard
(15 times)
Military Medicine
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2002 Drug-positive rates for the Army from fiscal years 1991 to 2000 and for the National Guard from Fiscal years 1997 to 2000.
26  normal gingiva
(15 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
HGF (10 times)
RT-PCR (5 times)
TGF-beta1 (5 times)
1990 Changes in the number and distribution of Langerhans cells in the hydantoin hyperplasic gingiva as compared with the clinically normal one.
27  normal geometry
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CR (12 times)
EH (9 times)
CH (8 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
28  nanogold
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
GC (2 times)
LAS (2 times)
RRS (2 times)
2004 Reagentless electrochemical biosensor based on the multi-wall carbon nanotubes and nanogold particles composite film.
29  net grains/nucleus
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
UDS (10 times)
MMS (3 times)
2-AAF (2 times)
1982 Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in rat hepatocytes following in vivo treatment with dinitrotoluene.
30  nasal glucagon
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
IG (4 times)
T1D (4 times)
IMG (3 times)
2017 Effects of common cold and concomitant administration of nasal decongestant on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nasal glucagon in otherwise healthy participants: A randomized clinical trial.
31  next-generation
(10 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
BRDA (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2007 Adaptive transmit diversity with orthogonal space-time block coding for telemedicine application.
32  nucleus gracilis
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
VPL (4 times)
CRD (3 times)
DC (2 times)
1981 Projections of caudal fasciculus gracilis to nucleus gracilis and other medullary structures, and Clarke's nucleus in the rat.
33  nanograined
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CG (6 times)
SFT (2 times)
316L SS (1 time)
2011 Revealing extraordinary intrinsic tensile plasticity in gradient nano-grained copper.
34  natural graphite
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
CG (1 time)
CNF (1 time)
2012 Synthesis of silicon monoxide-pyrolytic carbon-carbon nanofiber composites and their hybridization with natural graphite as a means of improving the anodic performance of lithium-ion batteries.
35  neuropile glial
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
1980 Fluorescence marking of neuropile glial cells in the central nervous system of the leech Hirudo medicinalis.
36  non-Gaussianity
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
RTOP (3 times)
MAP-MRI (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2008 Estimation of the orientation distribution function from diffusional kurtosis imaging.
37  normal control group
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MG (4 times)
CO (2 times)
HOHS (2 times)
2003 [Maxillary growth following tissue engineered oral mucosal implantation on mucoperiosteal denudated palate process in young rat].
38  normal glucose group
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HG (8 times)
ROS (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
2009 Berberine reduces fibronectin and collagen accumulation in rat glomerular mesangial cells cultured under high glucose condition.
39  Napier grass
(8 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
CS (3 times)
CM (2 times)
DMI (2 times)
2017 Effect of Different Lignocellulosic Diets on Bacterial Microbiota and Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities in the Gut of the Cotton Boll Weevil (Anthonomus grandis).
40  negative group
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PG (8 times)
BS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2002 [Assessment of autonomic nervous function during orthostatic stress in pilots with history of syncope].
41  nephrographic
(8 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(4 times)
CM (8 times)
AUC (5 times)
AML (2 times)
2015 Angiomyolipoma (AML) without visible fat: Ultrasound, CT and MR imaging features with pathological correlation.
42  normally grown
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IUGR (5 times)
IGR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1978 Perinatal nitrogen accretion in muscles and fingernails.
43  N-nitrosoguvacoline
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
MEC (1 time)
NGC (1 time)
1983 A study of betel quid carcinogenesis. 1. On the in vitro N-nitrosation of arecoline.
44  non-gated
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
ES (2 times)
RG (2 times)
1998 [Usefulness of ECG-gated 99mTc-MIBI myocardial SPECT in the follow-up study of patients with acute myocardial infarction].
45  non-gelatinized
(7 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
A/G (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2006 Pre- and post-challenge immuno-haematological changes in Labeo rohita juveniles fed gelatinised or non-gelatinised carbohydrate with n-3 PUFA.
46  nanoglass
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
MG (2 times)
CF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2015 Strong and superplastic nanoglass.
47  natural grassland
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SOC (3 times)
AAOC (1 time)
AAPOC (1 time)
2017 Soil, Leaf and Root Ecological Stoichiometry of Caragana korshinskii on the Loess Plateau of China in Relation to Plantation Age.
48  neostigmine group
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
CG (5 times)
VAS (3 times)
DG (1 time)
1996 The effects of intrathecal neostigmine on somatic and visceral pain: improvement by association with a peripheral anticholinergic.
49  nerve/glial antigen
(6 times)
Cells
(2 times)
ERK (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
ICAM (1 time)
2017 Nerve/glial antigen (NG) 2 is a crucial regulator of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression.
50  Newport Green
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
3-MA (1 time)
AMSCs (1 time)
2006 Measuring cell viability with membrane impermeable zinc fluorescent indicator.
51  nominal group
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
IUC (1 time)
PSWs (1 time)
2000 Research priorities in critical care medicine in the UK.
52  Nambu-Goldstone
(5 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ANO (1 time)
2017 Geometric Baryogenesis from Shift Symmetry.
53  negative geotaxis
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 Ultrasonic vocalizations in rat pups: effects of serotonergic ligands.
54  nerve graft
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ANVF (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
CNF (1 time)
1998 Stimulated jitter measurement in the assessment of recovery after different methods of peripheral nerve repair.
55  nongroupable
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CC4821 (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
hUS (1 time)
2007 Populations of pharyngeal meningococci in Niger.
56  norgestimate
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
EE (5 times)
dNG (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
1981 Effects of norgestimate in combination with ethinyl estradiol on cervical mucus.
57  North German
(5 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
AE (3 times)
PF (2 times)
dis (1 time)
1998 Dynamic specification of coarticulated German vowels: perceptual and acoustical studies.
58  nucleation and growth
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
SD (2 times)
CH (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
2009 Complex phase separation in poly(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene)-modified epoxy/4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone blends: generation of new micro- and nanosubstructures.
59  nutritional geometry
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2016 The Multidimensional Nutritional Niche.
60  n-nonyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
OG (2 times)
CMF (1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
1997 Detergent effects on the light-harvesting chlorophyll A/B-protein complex crystallization revealed by fluorescence depolarization.
61  naming game
(4 times)
Physics
(3 times)
ODE (1 time)
2011 Role of feedback and broadcasting in the naming game.
62  Nanogels
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
2013 Cellular Uptake and Intracellular Cargo Release From Dextran Based Nanogel Drug Carriers.
63  neat grinding
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LAG (3 times)
ACF (2 times)
dl-ta (1 time)
2017 Solvation and surface effects on polymorph stabilities at the nanoscale.
64  Necrotizing gingivitis
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2004 Necrotising periodontal diseases.
65  new graduate
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 2013 Orientation and transition programme component predictors of new graduate workplace integration.
66  NG108-15
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BK (1 time)
CCh (1 time)
2006 Enhancement of serotonin- and bradykinin-evoked calcium ion dynamics in differentiated NG108-15 cells.
67  nicotine gum
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CCs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1992 Partner support, psychological treatment, and nicotine gum in smoking treatment: an incremental study.
68  non-glycosylated
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
G-CSF (1 time)
HNE (1 time)
2000 O-glycosylation delays the clearance of human IGF-binding protein-6 from the circulation.
69  normoglycemic supplemented with L-glutamine
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
DG (4 times)
DGO (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical study of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) enteric neurons in diabetic rats supplemented with L-glutamine.
70  nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
APC (1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
LAPC (1 time)
2015 Eligibility of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Patients for First-Line Palliative Intent nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine Versus FOLFIRINOX.
71  nanoporous graphene
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
NiO (1 time)
OSN (1 time)
2014 NiO/nanoporous graphene composites with excellent supercapacitive performance produced by atomic layer deposition.
72  nasogastric feeding
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
RDA (1 time)
REE (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of early enteral feeding in children less than 3 years old with smaller burns (8-25 per cent TBSA).
73  navigational grid
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
IC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of a navigation grid to increase the efficacy of instrument movement during laparoscopic surgery.
74  negative control group
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
2015 Protective Effects of Dietary Supplementation with a Combination of Nutrients in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
75  neovascular glaucoma
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DM (3 times)
ACL (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2013 Vascular endothelial growth factor in anterior chamber liquid patients with diabetic retinopathy, cataract and neovascular glaucoma.
76  neurogenesis
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
EE (1 time)
Vex (1 time)
2006 Causality of stem cell based neurogenesis and depression--to be or not to be, is that the question?
77  neurological grading
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1989 [Clinical study on the prognostic factors of thalamic hemorrhage].
78  new guideline
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IDRFs (2 times)
BrS (1 time)
FG (1 time)
2015 Validity of image-defined risk factors in localized neuroblastoma: A report from two centers in Western Japan.
79  nonintervention group
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
IG (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
EASIA (1 time)
2003 Cytokine signatures in atherosclerotic claudicants.
80  normal gait
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
PWB (1 time)
2004 Spatial, temporal and muscle action patterns of Tai Chi gait.
81  normal glycolyzing
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FG (1 time)
RG (1 time)
1999 Rapid postmortem pH decline and delayed chilling reduce quality of turkey breast meat.
82  normoganglionic
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
HD (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1998 Reduced glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor level in aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease.
83  normogravity
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HG (2 times)
EE (1 time)
PN6 (1 time)
2003 Differential impact of hypergravity on maturating innervation in vestibular epithelia during rat development.
84  normoxia group
(3 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(2 times)
HG (3 times)
DHAP (2 times)
HD1 (2 times)
2019 Olfactory function as an independent prognostic factor in glioblastoma.
85  notoginsengnosides
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
SA (2 times)
CK (1 time)
CSN (1 time)
2008 Interaction of salvianolic acids and notoginsengnosides in inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation.
86  Nottingham grade
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BCSS (1 time)
2016 Anti-3-18F-FACBC (18F-Fluciclovine) PET/CT of Breast Cancer: An Exploratory Study.
87  nuclear grains
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
UDS (3 times)
CP (1 time)
DB38 (1 time)
1986 Assessment of unscheduled and replicative DNA synthesis in hepatocytes treated in vivo and in vitro with unleaded gasoline or 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.
88  nurse group
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
MDs (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 A health economic evaluation of follow-up after breast cancer surgery: results of an rct study.
89  nutritional guidance
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
HIIT (2 times)
RT (2 times)
24wk (1 time)
2020 The Effect of 12 Weeks of Different Exercise Training Modalities or Nutritional Guidance on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Vascular Parameters, and Physical Fitness in Overweight Adults: Cardiometabolic High-Intensity Interval Training-Resistance Training Randomized Controlled Study.
90  graphite nanoparticles
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
ND (1 time)
RNS (1 time)
2017 Diamond, graphite, and graphene oxide nanoparticles decrease migration and invasiveness in glioblastoma cell lines by impairing extracellular adhesion.
91  graphitic-N
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
NPGM (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2019 Untangling Cooperative Effects of Pyridinic and Graphitic Nitrogen Sites at Metal-Free N-Doped Carbon Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction.
92  groups, normal
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
TIMP-1 (1 time)
ZO-1 (1 time)
2014 Expression of matrix metalloproteinases-8 and -9 and their tissue inhibitor in the condyles of diabetic rats with mandibular advancement.
93  LST-non-granular
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LST (2 times)
EMR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2009 Treatment strategy for laterally spreading tumors in Japan: before and after the introduction of endoscopic submucosal dissection.
94  N-(2-hydroxyacetophenone) glycinate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MDR (2 times)
NAC (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
2011 Redox active copper chelate overcomes multidrug resistance in T-lymphoblastic leukemia cell by triggering apoptosis.
95  nanogold particles
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SPR (2 times)
ANG (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
2012 Colorimetric sensing of trace UO2(2+) by using nanogold-seeded nucleation amplification and label-free DNAzyme cleavage reaction.
96  nanogranular
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CTREE (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
LST (1 time)
2020 The effect of oblique-angle sputtering on large area deposition: a unidirectional ultrathin Au plasmonic film growth design.
97  nanograting
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
2013 Silicon multi-nanochannel FETs to improve device uniformity/stability and femtomolar detection of insulin in serum.
98  nanogrooved
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
GIWAXS (1 time)
OFETs (1 time)
2009 Time-lapse observation of cell alignment on nanogrooved patterns.
99  nanohydrogels
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
2AAECM (2 times)
CBA (2 times)
NIPA (2 times)
2015 Improved antitumor effect of paclitaxel administered in vivo as pH and glutathione-sensitive nanohydrogels.
100  nanomesh graphene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
N-GQDs (1 time)
QY (1 time)
2020 Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots prepared by electrolysis of nitrogen-doped nanomesh graphene for the fluorometric determination of ferric ions.