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Abbreviation: NI
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Long forms: 477

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nosocomial infection
(265 times)
Communicable Diseases
(77 times)
ICU (31 times)
CI (11 times)
ICUs (11 times)
1983 Cost evaluation of infections in intensive care.
Northern Ireland
(136 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
ROI (28 times)
CI (5 times)
NISHS (5 times)
1990 Cervical cancer in young women in Northern Ireland: 1970-1985.
neuraminidase inhibition
(88 times)
Virology
(25 times)
HI (40 times)
NA (20 times)
HA (13 times)
1974 Use of single radial immunodiffusion test for serological studies in volunteers inoculated with live attenuated influenza virus.
noninferiority
(45 times)
Statistics as Topic
(19 times)
ITT (4 times)
PP (4 times)
ABE (2 times)
2007 Simultaneous test for superiority and noninferiority hypotheses in active-controlled clinical trials.
neurological impairment
(42 times)
Pediatrics
(26 times)
GER (12 times)
GERD (7 times)
CI (3 times)
1992 Recognition of recurrent gastroesophageal reflux following antireflux surgery in the neurologically disabled child: high index of suspicion and definitive evaluation.
nucleus incertus
(37 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
RLN3 (7 times)
CRF (4 times)
DG (3 times)
2001 Connections of the nucleus incertus.
noise index
(32 times)
Radiology
(25 times)
ASIR (10 times)
CNR (10 times)
SNR (9 times)
2006 Optimization of Z-axis automatic exposure control for multidetector row CT evaluation of neck and comparison with fixed tube current technique for image quality and radiation dose.
naphthalimide
(31 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
AQ (5 times)
NDI (4 times)
PTZ (4 times)
2004 Direct observation of hole transfer through double-helical DNA over 100 A.
neurologically impaired
(29 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
GERD (7 times)
GER (6 times)
NN (6 times)
1990 Complications of gastroesophageal antireflux surgery in neurologically impaired versus neurologically normal children.
10  nucleus isthmi
(26 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
OT (4 times)
SO (3 times)
CN (2 times)
1980 The development of the nucleus isthmi in Xenopus: an autoradiographic study.
11  neural invasion
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PCa (5 times)
NGF (3 times)
RC (2 times)
1995 Incidence and prognostic significance of vascular and neural invasion in squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus.
12  negative ion
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
PI (8 times)
APCI (4 times)
LC/MS (3 times)
1984 Confirmatory method for sulfamethazine residues in cattle and swine tissues, using gas chromatography--chemical ionization mass spectrometry.
13  nuclear inclusion
(21 times)
Virology
(5 times)
FFE (4 times)
CI (3 times)
MD (3 times)
1979 Marek's disease in chickens: correlation of Marek's disease with nuclear-inclusion formation in feather-follicle epithelium.
14  nursing informatics
(20 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
EHR (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
IMIA-NISIG (1 time)
2000 A national education strategy to develop nursing informatics competencies.
15  nitrification inhibitor
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
DMPP (8 times)
DCD (3 times)
ASN (2 times)
2000 Nitrification inhibitors from the roots of Leucaena leucocephala.
16  non-infected
(19 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
AS (2 times)
CARD (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1987 Dichotic listening performance and writing posture in right- and left-handers.
17  NA inhibition
(18 times)
Virology
(9 times)
NA (18 times)
HA (4 times)
ELLA (3 times)
1995 Antigenic heterogeneity of N2 neuraminidases of avian influenza viruses isolated in Israel.
18  Narcotrend index
(18 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
EEG (7 times)
HR (7 times)
MAP (4 times)
2005 The correlation of the Narcotrend Index and classical electroencephalographic parameters with endtidal desflurane concentrations and hemodynamic parameters in different age groups.
19  nitroimidazole
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
nNOS (3 times)
NO (3 times)
ABH (1 time)
1987 [Erythromycin and latamoxef in the initial treatment of diffuse peritonitis with visceral failure].
20  neointima
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
CABG (2 times)
EES (2 times)
VSMCs (2 times)
2000 YC-1, a benzyl indazole derivative, stimulates vascular cGMP and inhibits neointima formation.
21  non-ischemic
(15 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
HF (3 times)
SO (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
1984 Relationship of neurosympathetic responsiveness to early ventricular arrhythmias in ischaemic myocardium.
22  noninvasive
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CEG (2 times)
HI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1992 Putative invasion-specific proteins in mouse T-cell hybridomas that differ in invasive and metastatic potential.
23  non-infected individuals
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CARD (5 times)
IND (5 times)
ATL (1 time)
1997 Cytokine mRNA profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from individuals with Trypanosoma cruzi chronic infection.
24  non-injured
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SCI (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
FI (2 times)
1997 Effect of unilateral functional instability of the ankle on postural sway and inversion and eversion strength.
25  N intake
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
EI (3 times)
FN (3 times)
UN (3 times)
1983 The effects of energy intake and dietary protein on nitrogen retention, growth performance, body composition and some aspects of energy metabolism of baby pigs.
26  necroinflammatory
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HCV (4 times)
CNS (2 times)
PET (2 times)
2003 The relationship of in vivo 31P MR spectroscopy to histology in chronic hepatitis C.
27  noninterventional
(12 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EI (2 times)
HR (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2003 Role of structured treatment interruption before a 5-drug salvage antiretroviral regimen: the Retrogene Study.
28  naphthalene-1,8:4,5-bis(dicarboximide)
(11 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
DMJ-An (7 times)
D-B-A (5 times)
CR (4 times)
2003 Mapping the influence of molecular structure on rates of electron transfer using direct measurements of the electron spin-spin exchange interaction.
29  neutral invertase
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
SPS (8 times)
SS (7 times)
AI (6 times)
1999 Carbohydrate metabolism of vegetative and reproductive sinks in the late-maturing peach cultivar 'Encore'
30  nitrogen index
(11 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
TBN (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
TBP (2 times)
1991 Anthropometry underestimates body protein depletion in haemodialysis patients.
31  neonatal isolation
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SE (3 times)
EE (2 times)
EPM (2 times)
2004 Effect of neonatal isolation on the noradrenergic transduction system in the rat hippocampal slice.
32  neurophysiological index
(10 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
ALS (5 times)
MUNE (3 times)
ADM (2 times)
2003 Clinical and neurophysiological evaluation of progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
33  non-irritant
(10 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
ECVAM (4 times)
SIFT (4 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
2001 A prevalidation study on in vitro tests for acute skin irritation. results and evaluation by the Management Team.
34  nutritional index
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BV (4 times)
EAAI (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1986 [Postoperative nutritional assessment in gastric and colorectal cancer].
35  neonatal isoerythrolysis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
DSH (1 time)
1983 Evaluation of a series of testing procedures to predict neonatal isoerythrolysis in the foal.
36  neuroimaging
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MRI (2 times)
NR (2 times)
SF (2 times)
1997 EEG investigation of temporal lobe epilepsy.
37  neurologically intact
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
TA (3 times)
SCI (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
1991 Effect of video feedback on the performance of a weight shifting controlled tracking task in subjects with parkinsonism and neurologically intact individuals.
38  nutrition intervention
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
UC (3 times)
QOL (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2003 The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy.
39  1,8-naphthalimide
(8 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
TPA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2008 Intermolecular photoinduced electron-transfer of 1,8-naphthalimides in protic polar solvents.
40  native intermediate
(8 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
MCOs (4 times)
TNC (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
2005 Variable-temperature, variable-field magnetic circular dichroism studies of tris-hydroxy- and mu3-oxo-bridged trinuclear Cu(II) complexes: evaluation of proposed structures of the native intermediate of the multicopper oxidases.
41  neurogenic inflammation
(8 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SP (3 times)
EB (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1996 Neurogenic inflammation and tooth pulp innervation pattern in sympathectomized rats.
42  nervus intermedius
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CH (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
1986 Surgical decompression of the facial nerve in the treatment of chronic cluster headache.
43  nifedipine
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PDI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1991 [Nifedipine induced gingival hyperplasia].
44  Nitrogen intake
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
NR (2 times)
UN (2 times)
EI (1 time)
1978 The effect of energy and nitrogen intake upon urea production in children with uremia and undernutrition.
45  non-impaired
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
RD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
2002 Early risk indicators of substance abuse among nurses.
46  non-irrigated
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FI (4 times)
DI (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
2003 Carotenoid compounds in grapes and their relationship to plant water status.
47  normoinsulinemic
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HI (7 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2007 Enhanced food intake regulatory responses after a glucose drink in hyperinsulinemic men.
48  North Indian
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
SI (5 times)
SNPs (2 times)
CFB (1 time)
2006 Genetic susceptibility to Parkinson's disease among South and North Indians: I. Role of polymorphisms in dopamine receptor and transporter genes and association of DRD4 120-bp duplication marker.
49  normalization index
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
PM (2 times)
AE (1 time)
BPL (1 time)
1977 Immunodiffusion test in avian encephalomyelitis. II. Detection of precipitating antibody in infected chickens in comparison with neutralizing antibody.
50  nuclear index
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
bFGF (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
IHC (2 times)
1993 Prognostic, quantitative histopathologic variables in lobular carcinoma of the breast.
51  nucleus interpositus
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CF (1 time)
DN (1 time)
1977 Neurons in medullary areas controlling ACTH: atrial input and rostral projections.
52  NA-inhibiting
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
NA (5 times)
HA (3 times)
IAV (2 times)
2011 Influenza neuraminidase-inhibiting antibodies are induced in the presence of zanamivir.
53  Narcissism Inventory
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AN (1 time)
BN (1 time)
EDI (1 time)
1994 [Regulation of self concept in healthy probands, psychosomatic, psychoneurotic and alcoholic patients--a taxonomic research approach].
54  nasal irritation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NIT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1998 Human responses to propionic acid. I. Quantification of within- and between-participant variation in perception by normosmics and anosmics.
55  nasointestinal
(5 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
NG (3 times)
EN (2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
2005 Confirmation of nasogastric tube position by pH testing.
56  natural immunity
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IFN (2 times)
NK (2 times)
ADI (1 time)
1987 Exogenous growth hormone treatment alters body composition and increases natural killer cell activity in women with impaired endogenous growth hormone secretion.
57  necrosis index
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ACI (1 time)
delta 9-THC (1 time)
NPSH (1 time)
1981 Early membrane injury in lethally irradiated salivary gland cells.
58  negative
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
PI (4 times)
APCI (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
1999 Visual evoked oscillatory responses of the human optic tract.
59  neostriatum intermedium
(5 times)
Brain
(4 times)
HV (3 times)
NC (3 times)
HA (2 times)
1989 Somatosensory areas in the telencephalon of the pigeon. I. Response characteristics.
60  neural induction
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
TH (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
2010 In vitro differentiation of human amniotic fluid-derived cells: augmentation towards a neuronal dopaminergic phenotype.
61  neural integrator
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
VOR (2 times)
bGVS (1 time)
CVS (1 time)
2007 A non-linear model of the neural integrator in oculomotor control.
62  neurointensivist
(5 times)
Critical Care
(4 times)
NICU (3 times)
ICH (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
2008 The impact of a neuro-intensivist on patients with stroke admitted to a neurosciences intensive care unit.
63  neurosurgical intervention
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
GCS (3 times)
ICH (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2014 Moderate elevations in international normalized ratio should not lead to delays in neurosurgical intervention in patients with traumatic brain injury.
64  nicotine
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SOD (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
ALAD (1 time)
1984 Effects of mecamylamine, nicotine, atropine and physostigmine on the phencyclidine-induced behavioral toxicity.
65  noninfected group
(5 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
APACHE II (1 time)
aSAH (1 time)
2010 Correlation of clinical outcome with pressure-, oxygen-, and flow-related indices of cerebrovascular reactivity in patients following aneurysmal SAH.
66  Norfolk Island
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CCT (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
POAG (2 times)
2013 Limited contemporary gene flow and high self-replenishment drives peripheral isolation in an endemic coral reef fish.
67  nuclei
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AChR (1 time)
1984 Non-random interaction of N-2-acetylaminofluorene and its N-hydroxy metabolite with DNA of rat hepatic parenchymal and non-parenchymal cell nuclei following in vivo administration of carcinogen.
68  name identity
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PI (3 times)
AD (1 time)
BFA (1 time)
1987 Adult age differences in the attentional capacity demands of letter matching.
69  nanoindentation
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
AFM (3 times)
DEJ (1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2007 Multiscale mechanics of hierarchical structure/property relationships in calcified tissues and tissue/material interfaces.
70  nasal-inferior
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
NS (3 times)
TI (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2015 Correlation of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness and spontaneous retinal venous pulsations in glaucoma and normal controls.
71  National Instruments
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DAQ (2 times)
EIT (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2010 Wireless medical sensor measurements of fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis.
72  needle irrigation
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ANP (1 time)
APC (1 time)
EAI (1 time)
2014 Effectiveness of four different final irrigation activation techniques on smear layer removal in curved root canals : a scanning electron microscopy study.
73  nematic-isotropic phase transition temperature T
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CTAB (1 time)
LC (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1999 Electro-optic response of surface-induced nematic order above the nematic-isotropic phase transition temperature.
74  net impulse
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
FSS (2 times)
MF (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1979 Mechanical characteristics and fiber composition of human leg extensor muscles.
75  neurointermediate lobe
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ME (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1985 Release of pro-opiomelanocortin-derived peptides from the pars intermedia and pars distalis of the rat pituitary: effect of corticotrophin-releasing factor and somatostatin.
76  neurointerventional
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ARU (1 time)
IAT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2010 Measurement of antiplatelet inhibition during neurointerventional procedures: the effect of antithrombotic duration and loading dose.
77  nicotine inhalers
(4 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
FTND (1 time)
GN-SBQ (1 time)
1999 Plasma leptin concentrations and lipid profiles during nicotine abstinence.
78  nilotinib
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
CML (2 times)
IM (2 times)
2007 Adaptive secretion of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) mediates imatinib and nilotinib resistance in BCR/ABL+ progenitors via JAK-2/STAT-5 pathway activation.
79  nitrite
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NA (2 times)
EC (1 time)
LLC (1 time)
2012 Production of nitrogen oxide derivatives under the influence of NO-synthase inhibitors and natural compounds in mice with transplanted tumors.
80  no-insulation
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DP (3 times)
HTS (2 times)
LTS (1 time)
2013 No-insulation multi-width winding technique for high temperature superconducting magnet.
81  non-infected controls
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
ACRL (2 times)
CRL (2 times)
TOXO (2 times)
2012 In-house ELISA method to analyze anti-Trypanosoma cruzi IgG reactivity for differential diagnosis and evaluation of Chagas disease morbidity.
82  nonimplanted
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BF (1 time)
IR (1 time)
IW (1 time)
1986 Implanting young bulls with zeranol from birth to four slaughter ages: III. Growth performance and endocrine aspects.
83  nonirradiated
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
CEH (1 time)
1996 In vivo photoinduction of metallothionein in human skin by ultraviolet irradiation.
84  normalized index
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
AN (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1997 [Double isotope albumin flux measurement: diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of acute lung injury].
85  nuclear intensity
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
HCA (3 times)
MMP (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1986 Improved nuclear fluorescence screening technique.
86  negative integral
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CBV (1 time)
MR (1 time)
MTT (1 time)
2001 Pre-operative grading of intracranial glioma.
87  neointimal index
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
Ad.hTIMP-1 (1 time)
hTIMP-1 (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1997 Morphometric analysis of neointimal formation in murine cardiac allografts.
88  neurofilament inclusions
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SN (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
DNI (1 time)
2003 Clustering of neuronal inclusions in "dementia with neurofilament inclusions".
89  neurointermediate
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ANEO (1 time)
BE (1 time)
beta-EP (1 time)
1984 Hyperprolactinemia exerts a negative effect on the beta-endorphin content of the rat neurointermediate pituitary lobe.
90  neurologic index
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
NPV (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
1989 Hypothermia protects brain function in acute carbon monoxide poisoning.
91  neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
alphaS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
DLBD (1 time)
2003 Glial involvement in diffuse Lewy body disease.
92  neuronal inclusions
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GCI (2 times)
MSA (2 times)
NID (1 time)
2004 Temporal lobe pathology of human patients with neurofilament inclusion disease.
93  neuronal intranuclear inclusions
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
SCA3 (2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2005 Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7): first report of a systematic neuropathological study of the brain of a patient with a very short expanded CAG-repeat.
94  neutrality index
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
DoS (1 time)
MDMs (1 time)
MK (1 time)
1999 MILDLY DELETERIOUS MUTATIONS IN AVIAN MITOCHONDRIAL DNA: EVIDENCE FROM NEUTRALITY TESTS.
95  new index
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ApEn (1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
DCC (1 time)
1988 Comparison of biochemical and immunoenzymatic macromethods and a new immunocytochemical micromethod for assaying estrogen receptors in human breast carcinomas.
96  new infection
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2001 [Drug evaluation in France: comparison of two approaches].
97  nimesulide
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Ke (2 times)
Na (2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
1990 Nimesulide, indomethacin, BW 755 C, phenidon, mepacrin and nedocromil inhibit the activation of human and rat leucocytes.
98  nocturnal incontinence
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
IC (2 times)
CUR (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2004 A multi-institutional study of orthotopic neobladders: functional results in men and women.
99  Nodal Index
(3 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HF (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2005 Spatial patterns of anthropometric variation in India with reference to geographic, climatic, ethnic and linguistic backgrounds.
100  non-immunized
(3 times)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1984 The macrophage-phagocyte system in rabbits with experimentally induced serum sickness: functional studies.