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Abbreviation: NK
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Long forms: 116

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
natural killer
(20738 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6522 times)
IL-2 (1081 times)
IL (934 times)
IFN (908 times)
1977 Identification of a cell-surface antigen selectively expressed on the natural killer cell.
natural killer cell
(553 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(159 times)
CTL (43 times)
IL-2 (38 times)
LAK (28 times)
1978 Cytotoxic activities of normal cultured human T cells.
neurokinin
(324 times)
Pharmacology
(110 times)
SP (109 times)
NKA (22 times)
CGRP (16 times)
1987 Apparent molecular weight of substance P/neurokinin-1 receptors determined using a photoaffinity labelled probe, [(3'-125I) D-Tyro, (4'-N3)Phe8, Nle11]-substance P.
normal karyotype
(44 times)
Hematology
(26 times)
AML (32 times)
OS (16 times)
EFS (5 times)
2006 Prevalence and prognostic impact of NPM1 mutations in 1485 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Nattokinase
(36 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
SP (3 times)
SDS-PAGE (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1995 Transport of nattokinase across the rat intestinal tract.
norketamine
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
DHNK (12 times)
KT (6 times)
GC-MS (5 times)
1998 HPLC determination of ketamine, norketamine, and dehydronorketamine in plasma with a high-purity reversed-phase sorbent.
normal kidneys
(23 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
RCC (4 times)
RK (4 times)
GFR (3 times)
1986 Mechanisms controlling renal hemodynamics and electrolyte excretion during amino acids.
neurotrophic keratopathy
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
BCVA (2 times)
IVCM (2 times)
ABCG2 (1 time)
2004 Autologous serum application in the treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy.
natural killer activity
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
ADCC (7 times)
PBL (3 times)
IFN (2 times)
1979 Comparison of the cytotoxic activities of different human lymphoid tissues.
10  neurotrophic keratitis
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AC (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
2013 Corneal changes in neurosurgically induced neurotrophic keratitis.
11  nutrition knowledge
(14 times)
Food
(4 times)
AF (3 times)
BMI (3 times)
PAL (3 times)
2013 A Scientific Assessment of Sociodemographic Factors, Physical Activity Level, and Nutritional Knowledge as Determinants of Dietary Quality among Indo-Mauritian Women.
12  North Korean
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SK (4 times)
RS (2 times)
BDDG (1 time)
1999 Two new genotypes of Plasmodium vivax circumsporozoite protein found in the Republic of Korea.
13  Naja kaouthia
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
1997 Production of highly potent horse antivenom against the Thai cobra (Naja kaouthia).
14  neuromedin K
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SK (7 times)
SP (7 times)
125I-SK (1 time)
1985 Receptors for mammalian tachykinins on isolated intestinal smooth muscle cells.
15  normal keratinocytes
(7 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
KF (2 times)
KK (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
1995 Feasibility of in vitro culturing of lesional psoriatic keratinocytes in medium containing high calcium concentrations.
16  nonkeratinizing
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HPV (2 times)
ISH (1 time)
KS (1 time)
1987 Pathology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Proposal of a new histologic classification correlated with prognosis.
17  normal human kidney
(5 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
ADPKD (4 times)
DME (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1989 Cyst-derived cells do not exhibit accelerated growth or features of transformed cells in vitro.
18  normal K
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LK (3 times)
CCD (2 times)
HK (2 times)
1992 Vasopressin resistance in potassium depletion: role of Na-K pump.
19  normokalaemic
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HK (4 times)
CCU (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1983 Studies on the effects of hyperkalemia on serum and myocardial digoxin concentration in dogs.
20  natural killer-like
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CTL (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
IL2 (1 time)
1984 Human T-cell hybrids with HLA-restricted proliferative response to Epstein-Barr virus-infected B cells.
21  NK-reg
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
GR-MDSCs (1 time)
MDSCs (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2006 The regulatory effect of natural killer cells: do "NK-reg cells" exist?
22  N-terminal kinase
(3 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ERK (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
CORM-3 (1 time)
2001 c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation in hippocampal CA1 region was involved in ischemic injury.
23  natural killer cell cytotoxicity
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
LFA-1 (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
1984 Inhibition of proliferative and cytotoxic activities of human T lymphocytes with rabbit antibodies directed against leucoagglutinin-reactive T cell surface components.
24  natural killer lymphocytes
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
alpha-IFN (1 time)
B-CLL (1 time)
CLB (1 time)
1989 [Effect of treatment with recombinant interferon alfa on natural killer activity in patients with chronic type B lymphatic leukemia].
25  Newman-Keuls
(3 times)
Biometry
(2 times)
DTI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
2007 Controlling the false discovery rate with constraints: the Newman-Keuls test revisited.
26  North Karelia
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
SwF (1 time)
1978 Cardiovascular risk factor changes in a three-year follow-up of a cohort in connection with a community programme (the North Karelia Project).
27  nucleoside kinase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ADO (1 time)
BthNK (1 time)
Ino (1 time)
2007 RGK small GTP-binding proteins interact with the nucleotide kinase domain of Ca2+-channel beta-subunits via an uncommon effector binding domain.
28  nutritional ketosis
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BOHB (2 times)
MCTs (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2015 Acetone as biomarker for ketosis buildup capability--a study in healthy individuals under combined high fat and starvation diets.
29  BM-MSC-natural killer
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
WJ-MSCs (1 time)
2018 Mesenchymal stromal cells of the bone marrow and natural killer cells: cell interactions and cross modulation.
30  natural kaolinite
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DMSO (1 time)
2017 Effect of the acid treatment conditions of kaolinite on etheramine adsorption: A comparative analysis using chemometric tools.
31  natural killer function
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
IL (1 time)
NSAID (1 time)
1982 Comparison of natural killing with antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
32  needle knife
(2 times)
Endoscopy
(1 time)
CBD (2 times)
EPLBD (1 time)
MPD (1 time)
2014 Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation for the retrieval of bile duct stones after prior Billroth II gastrectomy.
33  neurokinin receptor
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
LPl (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2003 Tachykinin dysfunction attenuates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension.
34  Niger-Kordofanian
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
AJOL (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1999 The peopling of sub-Saharan Africa: the case study of Cameroon.
35  Nikkiso
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
RP (1 time)
1997 Mechanical white blood cell damage in rotary blood pumps.
36  NK cells
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
IA (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
2004 Cellular and humoral immune abnormalities in Gulf War veterans.
37  Nkari
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2003 Micronutrient dynamics in some wetland soils of south-eastern Nigeria.
38  Noland-Kuckhoff
(2 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
1983 Isokinetic, isometric and isotonic strength relationships.
39  normal killer
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1982 [Role of homology in the JC subregion of the H2 complex in the reciprocal suppression of normal killer and tumor cells].
40  normocalorie ketogenic
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
HK (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2008 Calorie-restricted ketogenic diet increases thresholds to all patterns of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures: critical importance of electroclinical assessment.
41  normoketonemic
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AA (2 times)
BHB (2 times)
HK (2 times)
1998 Hyperketonemia (acetoacetate) increases the oxidizability of LDL + VLDL in Type-I diabetic patients.
42  Anti-Natural Killer cell
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HUCB (1 time)
1992 Murine survival of lethal irradiation with the use of human umbilical cord blood.
43  cells-natural killer
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
TET (1 time)
1994 Effects of chlorinated solvents on the natural lymphocytotoxic activities of human liver immune cells.
44  lymphocytes--natural killer
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
NKT (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2005 Dendritic cell maturation by innate lymphocytes: coordinated stimulation of innate and adaptive immunity.
45  N and K fertilization
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
NPK (1 time)
NPKM (1 time)
2013 [Effects of different long-term fertilization patterns on Fuji apple yield, quality, and soil fertility on Weibei Dryland, Shaanxi Province of Northwest China].
46  N and K fertilizers
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
2010 [Effects of controlled-release N and K fertilizers on N, P, and K use efficiency of mauls (Manlus robusta)].
47  Na(+),K(+)-ATPase
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PME-1 (1 time)
SIK1 (1 time)
2007 SIK1 is part of a cell sodium-sensing network that regulates active sodium transport through a calcium-dependent process.
48  Na(+)-K(+)
(1 time)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
beta3 ARs (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
2016 beta3 Adrenergic Stimulation Restores Nitric Oxide/Redox Balance and Enhances Endothelial Function in Hyperglycemia.
49  Na,K-ATPase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2002 Betam, a structural member of the X,K-ATPase beta subunit family, resides in the ER and does not associate with any known X,K-ATPase alpha subunit.
50  Nagorno Karabagh
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Identifying priority healthcare trainings in frozen conflict situations: The case of Nagorno Karabagh.
51  naja kaouthia Lesson
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Anti-necrosis potential of polyphenols against snake venoms.
52  Nankivell
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
MDRD (1 time)
2007 Creatinine clearance estimation after kidney transplantation: an analysis of three methods.
53  nasal killer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BGS (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
DLEC1 (1 time)
2012 Epigenetic silencing of the 3p22 tumor suppressor DLEC1 by promoter CpG methylation in non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphomas.
54  native Korean
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CART (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
KC (1 time)
2016 Is There Disparity in Cardiovascular Health Between Migrant Workers and Native Workers?
55  natural cell-mediated killing
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PHA (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1983 Experimental study on merits and demerits of splenectomy in tumor bearers.
56  natural killer cell counts
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
MG (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
1993 Expression of c-myc, c-Ki-ras and c-Ha-ras oncogene products in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with myasthenia gravis.
57  natural killer rats
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
THC (1 time)
2003 Magnesium deficiency reveals the neurotoxicity of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) low doses in rats.
58  natural killer-type cell population
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IFN (1 time)
MD (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
1986 Enhancement by interferon of chicken splenocyte natural killer cell activity against Marek's disease tumor cells.
59  naturally cytotoxic killer
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1981 A model of the role of natural killer cells in immune surveillance--I.
60  naturally fermented kimchi
(1 time)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
C/EBP (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
FKS (1 time)
2015 Anti-Obesity Effects of Starter Fermented Kimchi on 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.
61  naturally occuring killer
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CRBC (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
1976 Killer cells: a functional comparison between natural, immune T-cell and antibody-dependent in vitro systems.
62  Nawarathne Kalka
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
BSL (1 time)
DRSA (1 time)
2016 Inhibitory action on the production of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and suppression of free radicals in vitro by a Sri Lankan polyherbal formulation Nawarathne Kalka.
63  Nazlet Khater
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
HOF (1 time)
2009 Modern human cranial diversity in the Late Pleistocene of Africa and Eurasia: evidence from Nazlet Khater, Pestera cu Oase, and Hofmeyr.
64  neck
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
KNHANES (1 time)
LSP (1 time)
2017 Association between mental health status and bone mineral density: Analysis of the 2008-2010 Korea national health and nutrition examination survey.
65  necrotic keratinocytes
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2019 Necrotic Keratinocytes Are Common in Psoriasis and Have a Predilection to the Upper Epidermis: A Quantitative and Comparative Analysis.
66  needle knife papillotomy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
ERCPs (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2012 Wire assisted transpancreatic septotomy, needle knife precut or both for difficult biliary access.
67  needle-knife precut papillotomy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DGT (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2015 Sequential double-guidewire technique and transpancreatic precut sphincterotomy for difficult biliary cannulation.
68  needleknife cautery
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
NOTES (1 time)
PD (1 time)
ZD (1 time)
2011 Flexible endoscopic Zenkers diverticulotomy with a novel bipolar forceps: a pilot study and comparison with needleknife dissection.
69  neonatal rat keratinocytes
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 UVB radiation induces p21Cip1/WAF1 and mediates G1 and S phase checkpoints.
70  Nepenthes khasiana
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2016 Nepenthes khasiana mediated synthesis of stabilized gold nanoparticles: Characterization and biocompatibility studies.
71  Neue and Kuss
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
PL-P (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of three temperature- and mobile phase-dependent retention models for reversed-phase liquid chromatographic retention and apparent retention enthalpy.
72  Neurokynurenines
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KYN (1 time)
QUIN (1 time)
XAN (1 time)
2003 Neurokynurenines--seizures or/and anxiety in children with epilepsy?
73  neurolidol-ketamine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1992 Effect of hypertonic sodium chloride (7.5%) on uncontrolled hemorrhage in rats and its interaction with different anesthetic procedures.
74  neuropeptide K
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
VIP (1 time)
1994 The innervation of guinea pig epicardial coronary veins: immunohistochemistry, ultrastructure and vasomotility.
75  New Kingdom
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Paleopathology of ancient Egyptian mummies and skeletons. Investigations on the occurrence and frequency of specific diseases during various time periods in the necropolis of Thebes-West].
76  Nguyen-Kurtz
(1 time)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
BL (1 time)
EFWC (1 time)
2016 The utility and accuracy of four equations in predicting sodium levels in dysnatremic patients.
77  nice knot
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DBK (1 time)
DSLS (1 time)
DTK (1 time)
2019 A biomechanical comparison of different tying techniques of a double-stranded looped suture.
78  nikethamide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PB (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
1982 [Effects of respiratory drugs on the cough reflex].
79  Nipponbare/Kasalath
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2002 Diverse variation of reproductive barriers in three intraspecific rice crosses.
80  NK cells, compared with HFDs
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AbNs (1 time)
LLABC (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2015 Natural killer (NK) cell profiles in blood and tumour in women with large and locally advanced breast cancer (LLABC) and their contribution to a pathological complete response (PCR) in the tumour following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC): differential restoration of blood profiles by NAC and surgery.
81  NK fertilizer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NMR (1 time)
NP (1 time)
NPK (1 time)
2015 Differences in chemical composition of soil organic carbon resulting from long-term fertilization strategies.
82  NK-lymphocytes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
MELF (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2018 Tumor-Associated T-Lymphocytes and Macrophages are Decreased in Endometrioid Endometrial Carcinoma with MELF-Pattern Stromal Changes.
83  NKbright
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
BTX (1 time)
CCR (1 time)
2017 Benzene poisoning, clinical and blood abnormalities in two Brazilian female gas station attendants: two case reports.
84  NKCC and LGL
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
NKCC (1 time)
2005 Effects of amphetamine on NK-related cytotoxicity in rats differing in locomotor reactivity and social position.
85  non-clipped kidneys
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2005 Quantitative estimation of renal blood flow by power Doppler ultrasonography in renovascular hypertensive dogs.
86  non-ischemic kidney
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
URVH (1 time)
1997 [Level of vasopressin in renal venous blood of patients with renovascular hypertension due to unilateral stenosis of renal arteries].
87  non-killer
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FITC (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
2000 Differential expression of murine CD81 highlighted by new anti-mouse CD81 monoclonal antibodies.
88  non-Kramers
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1999 Non-kramers ENDOR and ESEEM of the S = 2 ferrous ion of [Fe(II)EDTA](2-).
89  non-Kranz anatomy
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1981 Photosynthetic pathways and the ecological distribution of the chenopodiaceae in Isreal.
90  non-neoplastic kidney
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCSK (1 time)
CMN (1 time)
ESFT (1 time)
2013 DNA methylation profile distinguishes clear cell sarcoma of the kidney from other pediatric renal tumors.
91  non-specific killer
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1996 Investigations by cell-mediated immunologic tests and therapeutic trials with thymopentin in vaginal mycoses.
92  noncancerous kidney
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
MRTK (1 time)
2005 Molecular genetic alterations and gene expression profile of a malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney.
93  Nong Ken
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
NRA (1 time)
NUE (1 time)
YD (1 time)
2007 Comparing nitrate storage and remobilization in two rice cultivars that differ in their nitrogen use efficiency.
94  Nong Khai
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
KK (1 time)
LI (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2012 Molecular analysis and antimicrobial resistance of Vibrio cholerae O1 in northeastern Thailand.
95  nonkiller animals
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
1996 Is there a relationship between rat latent aggressiveness and susceptibility to convulsive crises?
96  nonsoluble chitosan-added kimchi
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2010 Antiproliferative effect of chitosan-added kimchi in HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells.
97  nontumour kidney
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TNF (1 time)
wtTNF (1 time)
2016 Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2-signaling in CD133-expressing cells in renal clear cell carcinoma.
98  normal healthy kidney
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
FACS (1 time)
2016 Potential Use of Autologous Renal Cells from Diseased Kidneys for the Treatment of Renal Failure.
99  normal human keratocytes
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
Cas (1 time)
RGDS (1 time)
SCE (1 time)
2003 Effects of RGD peptides on cells derived from the human eye.
100  normal K diet
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
KD (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of angiotensin type 1 receptor impairs renal ability of K conservation in response to K restriction.