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Abbreviation: NL
Appearance Frequency: 1902 time(s)
Long forms: 448

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal
(146 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
AD (18 times)
RA (12 times)
CF (9 times)
1977 Evidence that alterations in distal sodium delivery and distal sodium avidity affect the rate of excretion of an acute HCl load.
nucleus laminaris
(129 times)
Neurology
(93 times)
NM (72 times)
ITD (23 times)
NA (22 times)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: organization of projections from n. magnocellularis to n. laminaris.
neutral lipids
(113 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
PL (77 times)
PC (17 times)
GL (16 times)
1975 Lamb fetal pulmonary fluid. II. Fate of phosphatidylcholine.
Newfoundland and Labrador
(83 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
CRC (10 times)
FFQ (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2005 Incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Necrobiosis lipoidica
(74 times)
Dermatology
(52 times)
GA (12 times)
DM (4 times)
PDT (2 times)
1982 Necrobiosis lipoidica and granuloma annulare. Simultaneous occurrence in a patient.
Netherlands
(67 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
UK (13 times)
BE (12 times)
IT (7 times)
1988 Diabetes mellitus type I. Results of a European questionaire.
Neurolymphomatosis
(46 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MRI (11 times)
NHL (9 times)
CSF (4 times)
1999 Negative sural nerve biopsy in neurolymphomatosis.
normal liver
(46 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
HCC (15 times)
SL (7 times)
LC (6 times)
1986 Hepatitis B virus DNA in human hepatocellular carcinoma: is the integration of hepatitis B virus DNA really carcinogenic?
normolipidemic
(43 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
HL (10 times)
HDL (8 times)
HC (7 times)
1981 High density lipoprotein and other lipoproteins in normolipidaemic and hypertriglyceridaemic (type IV) men with coronary artery disease.
10  nanoleakage
(39 times)
Dentistry
(36 times)
DC (11 times)
IM (9 times)
ER (6 times)
2002 Effect of sodium hypochlorite on dentin bonding with a polyalkenoic acid-containing adhesive system.
11  normal language
(37 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(33 times)
SLI (29 times)
LLD (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1984 Partner age as a variable in the conversational performance of specifically language-impaired and normal-language children.
12  neural lobe
(34 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
ME (10 times)
IL (9 times)
AL (7 times)
1975 Sodium fluoride-induced changes in the hypothalamic neurosecretory system of the spotted owlet, Athene brama Temminck.
13  nasal lavage
(29 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
BAL (7 times)
ECP (4 times)
IL (4 times)
1990 Biomarkers of inflammation in ozone-exposed humans. Comparison of the nasal and bronchoalveolar lavage.
14  nuclear lamina
(29 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
LADs (10 times)
NPC (2 times)
cLADs (1 time)
1992 Sequences of DNA fragments contacting the nuclear lamina in vivo.
15  nephrolithiasis
(28 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
NC (4 times)
AA (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1995 Nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: report of three siblings.
16  neuroleptic
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
TD (5 times)
EPS (4 times)
AD (2 times)
1980 Sodium-dependent interaction of benzamides with dopamine receptors.
17  neonatal lupus
(24 times)
Rheumatology
(13 times)
SLE (9 times)
CHB (6 times)
SS (4 times)
2001 Neonatal lupus: clinical features and risk of congenital cardiac heart block in newborns from mothers with anti Ro/SSA antibodies
18  nonlinear
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
FNL (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1998 [Evaluation of a linear TEOAE protocol in hearing screening of neonates: feasibility study].
19  neutral loss
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
EPI (8 times)
PI (8 times)
MRM (4 times)
2004 Triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer for the analysis of small molecules and macromolecules.
20  normal lung
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
LSCC (3 times)
1988 Profiles of prostaglandin biosynthesis in normal lung and tumor tissue from lung cancer patients.
21  normal subjects
(19 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
LV (4 times)
MS (2 times)
PAD (2 times)
1983 Attenuation of the microcirculation in young patients with high-output borderline hypertension.
22  nonlocal
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
CBS (2 times)
ADMM (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
2006 Curved polymer and polyelectrolyte brushes beyond the Daoud-Cotton model.
23  neutral
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
PL (8 times)
DA (4 times)
AL (3 times)
1981 Axenic Paramecium caudatum. III. Biochemical and physiological changes with culture age.
24  naloxone
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
Glu (3 times)
AAR (2 times)
ASPergic (2 times)
1990 Intensification and attenuation of morphine dependence by D-aspartic acid and PLG.
25  normal controls
(14 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
RV (2 times)
ABRs (1 time)
1989 [Damage to the development of the rat brain by severe iodine deficiency and the protective effects of thyroid hormone].
26  neuroligin
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
ASD (1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
BTBR (1 time)
2008 Capabilities of neurexins in the chick ciliary ganglion.
27  natural light
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ALJ (1 time)
DMH (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1975 Exogenous and endogenous control of the annual reproductive cycle in the male golden hamster: participation of the pineal gland.
28  non-ligated
(11 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
LO (8 times)
BA (2 times)
ICI (2 times)
2005 Temporal changes in renal endoglin and TGF-beta1 expression following ureteral obstruction in rats.
29  nonlesional
(11 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
DEGs (2 times)
LS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1997 Modulation by Chinese herbal therapy of immune mechanisms in the skin of patients with atopic eczema.
30  neck length
(10 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
NSA (3 times)
BMC (2 times)
BMD (2 times)
1994 Do variations in hip geometry explain differences in hip fracture risk between Japanese and white Americans?
31  neutrophilic leukocytes
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AM (4 times)
PMB (3 times)
AP (1 time)
1977 [Role of macrophage destruction products in the alveolar phagocytosis reaction].
32  nonlactating
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
NP (3 times)
2-FAA (1 time)
2DG (1 time)
1981 Control of mineral homeostasis during lactation: interrelationships of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, prolactin, and estradiol.
33  natural language
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
CI (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
FE (1 time)
1995 Models of natural language understanding.
34  normal elderly
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
MCI (7 times)
AD (6 times)
DAT (3 times)
1997 Patterns of motor impairement in normal aging, mild cognitive decline, and early Alzheimer's disease.
35  nucleus
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
HRP (2 times)
NI (2 times)
2DG (1 time)
1982 Regional (14C) 2-deoxyglucose uptake during vibrissae movements evoked by rat motor cortex stimulation.
36  nucleus lateralis
(9 times)
Brain
(4 times)
C-N (2 times)
N-C (2 times)
NIP (2 times)
1989 Anatomical mapping of the cerebellar nucleocortical projections in the rat: a retrograde labeling study.
37  nanoliposomes
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
LC (2 times)
AL (1 time)
Chol (1 time)
2008 Plasma and tissue disposition of non-liposomal DB-67 and liposomal DB-67 in C.B-17 SCID mice.
38  native liver
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
FHF (4 times)
ALT (2 times)
APOLT (2 times)
1996 Auxiliary liver transplantation: regeneration of the native liver and outcome in 30 patients with fulminant hepatic failure--a multicenter European study.
39  normal laryngeal
(8 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
SE (6 times)
TE (4 times)
EL (2 times)
1998 Perceptions of tonal changes in normal laryngeal, esophageal, and artificial laryngeal male Cantonese speakers.
40  normal light
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
FDM (2 times)
HL (2 times)
1986 Analyses of oviposition times and intervals in a wide range of layer flocks under normal and continuous lighting regimes.
41  n. laminaris
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NM (7 times)
CF's (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: tonotopic organization of n. magnocellularis and n. laminaris.
42  neck linker
(7 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(3 times)
MD (2 times)
NC (2 times)
B-IR-UD (1 time)
2014 Nucleotide-dependent displacement and dynamics of the alpha-1 helix in kinesin revealed by site-directed spin labeling EPR.
43  New Lifestyles NL-2000
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
OM (4 times)
DW (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2003 Accuracy and reliability of 10 pedometers for measuring steps over a 400-m walk.
44  normal language development
(7 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
SLI (5 times)
LI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1996 Narrative development in late talkers: early school age.
45  normal volunteers
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AGE-R (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
1986 Neurologic abnormalities in schizophrenic patients and their families. I. Comparison of schizophrenic, bipolar, and substance abuse patients and normal controls.
46  nasal length
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CL (3 times)
NTP (3 times)
ABH (1 time)
2000 [A study on the shape of nose of the Jingpo people in China].
47  neurological level
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SCI (3 times)
AIS (2 times)
ASIA (2 times)
1995 Superiority of motor level over single neurological level in categorizing tetraplegia.
48  nodal lymphoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
EBV (2 times)
ISH (2 times)
1993 Comparison of integrin adhesion molecules expressed by primary brain lymphomas and nodal lymphomas.
49  normal individuals
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
APOE4 (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1976 Impaired forearm oxygen consumption during static exercise in patients with congestive heart failure.
50  number of litters
(6 times)
Breeding
(1 time)
AADTL (1 time)
AgNR (1 time)
DMO (1 time)
2010 Tumor and reproductive traits are linked by RNA metabolism genes in the mouse ovary: a transcriptome-phenotype association analysis.
51  noise level
(5 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
AE (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
2009 Prognostic significance of lymph node metastases in pancreatic head cancer treated with extended lymphadenectomy: not just a matter of numbers.
52  non-learning
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
FL (2 times)
SL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effect of sleep on cerebral DNA synthesized during shuttle-box avoidance training.
53  nonlinearity
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LLE (3 times)
MED (2 times)
DW (1 time)
2000 Nonlinear measures of heart rate time series: influence of posture and controlled breathing.
54  normally developing language
(5 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(5 times)
SLI (5 times)
1997 Syntactic bootstrapping in children with specific language impairment.
55  nucleation layer
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
c-GaN (1 time)
DFMO (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1997 Chemopreventive effect of difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) on mouse skin squamous cell carcinomas induced by benzo(a)pyrene.
56  nasolabial
(4 times)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
HG (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
TA (2 times)
1992 Influence of laryngeal CO2 on respiratory activities of motor nerves to accessory muscles.
57  native language
(4 times)
Psycholinguistics
(1 time)
FL (3 times)
TD (1 time)
2006 Native language predictors of foreign language proficiency and foreign language aptitude.
58  native-like
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CAPRI (1 time)
Env (1 time)
2013 Ranking multiple docking solutions based on the conservation of inter-residue contacts.
59  needle localization
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CA (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
HUG (1 time)
1992 The early detection of nonpalpable breast carcinoma with needle localization. Experience with 500 patients in a community hospital.
60  neutral lipase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
LPL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
1983 Comparison of heparin-releasable lipase and tissue neutral lipase activity of rat heart.
61  neutral liposomes
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CL (2 times)
AL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
2003 Potentiality of double liposomes containing salmon calcitonin as an oral dosage form.
62  new lesions
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CEL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
2011 Interferon beta-1b and glatiramer acetate effects on permanent black hole evolution.
63  nonlinemen
(4 times)
Physical Fitness
(4 times)
HR (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2011 Physical demands of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football players during preseason training in the heat.
64  normal learning
(4 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ABR (1 time)
BFT (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
1998 Effectiveness of Central Auditory Processing Tests With Children.
65  normal liver tissues
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HCC (4 times)
ELISA (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2001 Thymidine phosphorylase activity in liver tissue and its correlation with multifocal occurrence of hepatocellular carcinomas.
66  normal renal function
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
WI (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
GTTs (1 time)
1980 Previously unrecognized diabetes mellitus in sexually impotent men.
67  Norwegian Landrace
(4 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
ND (2 times)
TNB (2 times)
CASA (1 time)
1989 Plasma alpha-protease inhibitors in Norwegian Landrace and Czech Landrace pigs.
68  nuchal ligament
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ONL (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2015 The efficacy of ultrasound-guided extracorporeal shockwave therapy in patients with cervical spondylosis and nuchal ligament calcification.
69  nucleotide-binding and leucine-rich repeat
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
E-QTLs (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
NRAMP (1 time)
2015 Uncovering the genetic architecture of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum resistance through QTL mapping and epistatic interaction analysis in common bean.
70  necrotizing lymphadenitis
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
GL (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1981 Subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis --a clinicopathologic study.
71  Nellore
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2007 Energy requirements and cow/calf efficiency of Nellore and Continental and British Bos taurus x Nellore crosses.
72  neonatal line
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1975 Neonatal lines in human dental enamel. Occurrence in first permanent molars in males and females.
73  neutral loss scan
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
HMDB (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
MRM-EPI (1 time)
2006 Detection of 28 neurotransmitters and related compounds in biological fluids by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
74  Newfoundland
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CaRMS (1 time)
NB (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2010 The geospatial relation between UV solar radiation and type 1 diabetes in Newfoundland.
75  noise limit
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DR (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
MMG (1 time)
2009 Detection of chaos in human fatigue mechanomyogarphy signals.
76  non-dominant leg
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
DL (2 times)
SJ (2 times)
CMJ (1 time)
2013 Side-to-side differences in the lower leg muscle-bone unit in male soccer players.
77  non-lateralized
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
GII (1 time)
LR (1 time)
1996 Lateralization of rotational behavior in developing and adult hamsters.
78  non-lethal
(3 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
--- 1999 gamma delta T-cells may interfere with a productive immune response in Plasmodium yoelii infections.
79  non-malignant lung tissue
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TU (3 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
MeDIP-chip (1 time)
2015 DNA methylation transcriptionally regulates the putative tumor cell growth suppressor ZNF677 in non-small cell lung cancers.
80  nonLatino
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IBC (1 time)
2011 Psychological and school functioning of Latino siblings of children with intellectual disability.
81  nonlaying
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HS (2 times)
SL (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1988 Effect of age and physiological status on sperm storage 24 hours after artificial insemination in broiler breeder hens.
82  normal aged controls
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
ADNI (1 time)
BLC (1 time)
2004 alpha-internexin is present in the pathological inclusions of neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease.
83  normal children
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LP (3 times)
RMS (2 times)
2002 Deficits in auditory brainstem pathway encoding of speech sounds in children with learning problems.
84  normal fat
(3 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
HL (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1988 Thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue activity in high fat fed Osborne-Mendel rats.
85  normal heart
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CAID (1 time)
CAINL (1 time)
CCHB (1 time)
1994 Ventricular interaction in the pathologic heart. A model based study.
86  normal lactating
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
LPCOS (2 times)
PCOS (2 times)
PP (2 times)
2001 Resumption of ovarian function during lactational amenorrhoea in breastfeeding women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: metabolic aspects.
87  normolipidemic subjects
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
3'-UTR (1 time)
apo (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2004 Seasonal changes in markers of oxidative damage to lipids and DNA; correlations with seasonal variation in diet.
88  Nuevo Leon
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
GF (1 time)
IMSS (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2006 The association of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus in Allende, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
89  leaf nitrogen
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
Pr (1 time)
Rd (1 time)
2001 Leaf gas exchange and carbohydrates in tropical trees differing in successional status in two light environments in central Amazonia.
90  nail lacquer
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Application of cosmetic nail varnish does not affect the antifungal efficacy of amorolfine 5% nail lacquer in the treatment of distal subungual toenail onychomycosis: results of a randomised active-controlled study and in vitro assays.
91  nanolaminate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CMOS (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2018 Insulation of thin-film parylene-C/platinum probes in saline solution through encapsulation in multilayer ALD ceramic films.
92  NanoLuc
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2013 NanoLuc reporter for dual luciferase imaging in living animals.
93  nasal
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
OCT (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
IN (1 time)
1999 Respiratory tract inflammation during the induction of chronic bronchitis in rats: role of C-fibres.
94  nasal bone
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
LF (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2002 Influence of mandibular protruding device on airway passages and dentofacial characteristics in obstructive sleep apnea and snoring.
95  national-level
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CR (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2010 Metabolic rate and gross efficiency at high work rates in world class and national level sprint skiers.
96  native lung
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ML (2 times)
ECMO (1 time)
V-V ECMO (1 time)
2017 A brief clinical case of monitoring of oxygenator performance and patient-machine interdependency during prolonged veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
97  natural latex
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
RAST (2 times)
ECL (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1994 Flow cytometric measurement of immunoglobulin E to natural latex proteins.
98  natural lung
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2005 In vivo hemodynamic responses to thoracic artificial lung attachment.
99  Near-lateral
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
FL (2 times)
MFB (1 time)
MPOA-MAH (1 time)
1979 Sagittal knife cuts in the far-lateral hypothalamus reduce sexual receptivity in female hamsters.
100  neonatal leukemia
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
DS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1992 Cytogenetic features of neonatal leukemias.