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Abbreviation: NN
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Long forms: 273

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
neural network
(729 times)
Medical Informatics
(179 times)
SVM (51 times)
PCA (33 times)
LR (24 times)
1990 Neural networks in radiologic diagnosis. II. Interpretation of neonatal chest radiographs.
nearest neighbor
(130 times)
Medical Informatics
(32 times)
NNN (11 times)
PCA (5 times)
LDA (4 times)
1985 The 2-NN Rule for More Accurate NN Risk Estimation.
normal-to-normal
(57 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
HRV (44 times)
HF (12 times)
RMSSD (12 times)
1989 Cytogenetic studies of 21 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in relapse.
narrow neck
(30 times)
Orthopedics
(23 times)
IT (19 times)
CSA (18 times)
HSA (14 times)
2003 Strength indices of the proximal femur and shaft in prepubertal female gymnasts.
neuromedin N
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
NT (27 times)
DA (3 times)
PCs (3 times)
1986 Neuromedin N: high affinity interaction with brain neurotensin receptors and rapid inactivation by brain synaptic peptidases.
nitronyl nitroxide
(22 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
ESR (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
EPR (2 times)
1997 Superoxide-mediated reduction of the nitroxide group can prevent detection of nitric oxide by nitronyl nitroxides.
normobaric normoxia
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HH (15 times)
NH (12 times)
AMS (5 times)
2001 Gender alters impact of hypobaric hypoxia on adductor pollicis muscle performance.
nucleon-nucleon
(18 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
PV (2 times)
GT (1 time)
JISP16 (1 time)
1971 Improvements in tests of long-range charge independence.
node-negative
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
NP (10 times)
BCa (2 times)
CA 15.3 (1 time)
1998 Uniform-penalty inversion of multiexponential decay data.
10  neoplastic nodules
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HCC (5 times)
GGT (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1984 Profound postinitiation enhancement by short-term severe methionine, choline, vitamin B12, and folate deficiency of hepatocarcinogenesis in F344 rats given a single low-dose diethylnitrosamine injection.
11  neonates
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AAWD (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
HDB (1 time)
1986 [C-reactive protein and orosomucoid determinations in a neonatal pathology unit].
12  neural net
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
AUC (1 time)
CART (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1995 Neural net robot controller with guaranteed tracking performance.
13  neurologically normal
(9 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
NI (7 times)
FTT (2 times)
GERD (2 times)
1990 Complications of gastroesophageal antireflux surgery in neurologically impaired versus neurologically normal children.
14  Naked neck
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
HSPs (2 times)
PB-2 (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2005 Serological screening for MHC (B)-polymorphism in indigenous chickens.
15  neuronavigation
(6 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(2 times)
CST (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FI (1 time)
1998 [Intraoperative magnetic resonance tomography for control of extent of neurosurgical operations].
16  nitrites and nitrates
(6 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
CVD (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2001 Tear nitrite and nitrate levels as nitric oxide end products in patients with Behcet's disease and non-Behcet's uveitis.
17  neonatal
(5 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AVM (1 time)
CBH (1 time)
1982 Growth and functional activities of neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes cultured on fibronectin coated substratum in serum-free medium.
18  nucleinate
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(5 times)
LPS (1 time)
1988 [The effects and properties of sodium nucleinate as a pyrogen working standard. 5. Interactions between pyrogens and corticotropin].
19  nurse navigator
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2011 Benefits and challenges perceived by patients with cancer when offered a nurse navigator.
20  naked nuclei
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
FHD (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
1997 Apoptosis (programmed cell death) in idiopathic (primary) osteo-/myelofibrosis: naked nuclei in megakaryopoiesis reveal features of para-apoptosis.
21  neuroleptic-naive
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
DLPF (1 time)
FE (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1998 The resting and activation issue of hypofrontality: a single photon emission computed tomography study in neuroleptic-naive and neuroleptic-free schizophrenic female patients.
22  nitrogen
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
9-EtG (1 time)
AIM (1 time)
C-C (1 time)
2007 Chloro half-sandwich osmium(II) complexes: influence of chelated N,N-ligands on hydrolysis, guanine binding, and cytotoxicity.
23  nodule number
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
NDW (2 times)
BNF (1 time)
CBB (1 time)
1993 Toward an integrated linkage map of common bean. III. Mapping genetic factors controlling host-bacteria interactions.
24  normal-to-normal R-R intervals
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HRV (3 times)
AHI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Obesity is a modifier of autonomic cardiac responses to fine metal particulates.
25  normotensive
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1985 Prevalence of hypertension in diabetes mellitus--its relation to diabetic nephropathy.
26  1-nitronaphthalene
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
PEN (1 time)
TNT (1 time)
1999 Separation of a Racemic Mixture of Two-Dimensional Molecular Clusters by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.
27  1-nitroso-2-naphthol
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CLE-ACSV (1 time)
CRMs (1 time)
DFOB (1 time)
2002 Cobalt determination with FI-FAAS after on-line sorbent preconcentration using 1-nitroso-2-naphthol.
28  negative-negative
(3 times)
Emotions
(1 time)
PN (3 times)
PP (3 times)
NP (2 times)
2011 Evolutionary design principles and functional characteristics based on kingdom-specific network motifs.
29  Netherlands
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
FACT (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
CAU (1 time)
2003 Validation of an integrated staging system toward improved prognostication of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma in an international population.
30  neural network model
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
NVSPI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1997 QSARs for toxicity of DDT-type analogs using neural network.
31  nevocytic nevi
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
MM (2 times)
DN (1 time)
MACS (1 time)
1989 [Histochemical studies of transepidermal elimination of nevus cells in nevus cell nevi of the corium].
32  New Zealand White
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CN (3 times)
FG (3 times)
NC (3 times)
1983 Characterization of straightbred and crossbred rabbits for milk production and associative traits.
33  non-neoplastic
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AUS (1 time)
BN (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1991 Field and laboratory comparisons of mortality in normal and neoplastic Mya arenaria.
34  normal nucleotides
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
3-NBA (2 times)
GI (1 time)
i.t (1 time)
1996 Seasonal variation of DNA adduct pattern in human lymphocytes analyzed by 32P-HPLC.
35  normal nutrition
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
FD (1 time)
IMN (1 time)
2003 Is malnutrition an independent predictor of mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients?
36  normal sinus
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
HFrEF (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
2015 Effects of long-term microgravity exposure in space on circadian rhythms of heart rate variability.
37  normal to normal beat
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2007 Cardiac autonomic imbalance in patients with reversible ventricular dysfunction takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
38  normally nourished
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
UN (2 times)
ATR2 (1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
1990 Protein malnutrition predisposes to inflammatory-induced gut-origin septic states.
39  notched noise
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CF (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2003 Neural correlates of an auditory afterimage in primary auditory cortex.
40  nucleolar necklaces
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
rRNA (2 times)
DNP (1 time)
DRB (1 time)
1971 Nucleolar necklaces in chick embryo myoblasts formed by lack of arginine.
41  alpha-nitronyl nitroxides
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
IN (2 times)
2001 Towards a better understanding of the magnetic interactions within m-phenylene alpha-nitronyl imino nitroxide based biradicals.
42  N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2003 Relative influence of polymer fiber diameter and surface charge on fibrous capsule thickness and vessel density for single-fiber implants.
43  name-name
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FF (2 times)
FN (2 times)
NF (2 times)
2001 Association of the distinct visual representations of faces and names: a PET activation study.
44  narrowest point on the neck
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMD (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
HSA (2 times)
2006 Structural effects of raloxifene on the proximal femur: results from the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation trial.
45  nearest neighbor algorithm
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
HPLC/TOFMS (1 time)
KPCA (1 time)
2015 Comparison of two exploratory data analysis methods for classification of Phyllanthus chemical fingerprint: unsupervised vs. supervised pattern recognition technologies.
46  nearest neighbor classifier
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MTL (1 time)
2001 Pattern classification by a condensed neural network.
47  nearest neighbor method
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ASAM (1 time)
IPW (1 time)
LAMOST (1 time)
2011 [Galaxy/quasar classification based on nearest neighbor method].
48  nearly normal
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BH1 (1 time)
Cort (1 time)
MBS (1 time)
1992 Precancerous lesions of the human esophagus: multiparametric study of esophageal biopsies from a high-risk population in Linxian, China.
49  nephrology nurses
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ANNA (1 time)
EDP (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2000 Inappropriate use of dialysis for some elderly patients: nephrology nurses' perceptions and concerns.
50  nested-network
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
PHEMA (1 time)
2018 Mechanically enhanced nested-network hydrogels as a coating material for biomedical devices.
51  nitrated nucleosomes
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
SLE (2 times)
NA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2014 Serum nitrated nucleosome levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective longitudinal cohort study.
52  nitrite/nitrate
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
1999 Circulating endothelin and nitrate-nitrite relate to hemodynamic and metabolic variables in human septic shock.
53  non-inactive-non-inactive
(2 times)
Informatics
(2 times)
ComboT (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2011 PubChem3D: Biologically relevant 3-D similarity.
54  non-neoplastic lesions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CIN I (2 times)
SCC (2 times)
CIN II (1 time)
2013 HSP27 is commonly expressed in cervical intraepithelial lesions of Brazilian women.
55  non-neuronal
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IF (1 time)
PNET (1 time)
1991 Cloning of the non-neuronal intermediate filament protein of the gastropod Aplysia californica; identification of an amino acid residue essential for the IFA epitope.
56  non-noxious
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MT (1 time)
NOX (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1981 Functional changes in ventrobasal thalamic neurones responsive to noxious and non-noxious cutaneous stimuli after chloralose treatment: new evidence for the presence of pre-existing "silent connections" in the adult nervous system?
57  nonnociceptive
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
WDR (2 times)
CGRP (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
1996 Quantitative analysis of substance P-immunoreactive boutons on physiologically characterized dorsal horn neurons in the cat lumbar spinal cord.
58  nor-nicotine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
AT (1 time)
CN (1 time)
1984 Microcirculatory effects of nicotine and related alkaloids.
59  normal beat-to-normal-beat
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
HF (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
RMSSD (2 times)
2001 Correlations among time and frequency measures of heart rate variability recorded by use of a Holter monitor in overtly healthy Doberman pinschers with and without echocardiographic evidence of dilated cardiomyopathy.
60  normal control
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
IL-1ra (1 time)
IL-1RII (1 time)
1996 Expression of cytokines and their receptors by psoriatic fibroblasts. II. decreased TNF receptor expression.
61  normal nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LN (2 times)
HN (1 time)
NRA (1 time)
2006 [Effect of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) on leaf nitrate reductase activity of Oryza sativa L. cultivar Wuxianjing 14].
62  normal nucleus
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ENC (1 time)
LNV (1 time)
2008 Significance of large nuclear vacuoles in human spermatozoa: implications for ICSI.
63  normal-to-normal heart period
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EHCSS (1 time)
FTC (1 time)
2009 Heart rate variability increases with reductions in cigarette smoke exposure after 3 days.
64  normative need
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
child-OIDP (1 time)
IRN (1 time)
OHRQoL (1 time)
2006 A socio-dental approach to assessing children's orthodontic needs.
65  normo-hyper (NH); hyper-hyper (HH)
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2005 Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and carotid intima-media thickness in north Indian type 2 diabetic subjects.
66  normo-normo
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HH (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
NH (2 times)
2000 Association of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes.
67  noun-noun
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
VN (2 times)
LSN (1 time)
VLSM (1 time)
2004 The mental representation of verb-noun compounds in Italian: evidence from a multiple single-case study in aphasia.
68  nuclear norm
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
TV (2 times)
CCCs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2017 Quantitative Evaluation of Temporal Regularizers in Compressed Sensing Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI of the Breast.
69  nucleoside neuropathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
HAND (1 time)
2011 Axonal excitability in viral polyneuropathy and nucleoside neuropathy in HIV patients.
70  two-nucleon
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LECs (1 time)
NCSM (1 time)
SRG (1 time)
2007 Structure of A=10-13 nuclei with two- plus three-nucleon interactions from chiral effective field theory.
71  (XCZ)-neural networks
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PES (1 time)
XCZ (1 time)
ZFWCZ (1 time)
2014 Eight-dimensional quantum reaction rate calculations for the H+CH4 and H2+CH3 reactions on recent potential energy surfaces.
72  1-naphthonitrile
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ABN (1 time)
DIABN (1 time)
DMABN (1 time)
2005 Photophysics of aromatic molecules with low-lying pi sigma* states: excitation-energy dependence of fluorescence in jet-cooled aromatic nitriles.
73  5-trimethyl-2-(3-nitro-4-N-(hexyl-1-thio-beta-D-galactopyranosid-1 -yl))aminophenyl pyrrolidine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MIANS (1 time)
2000 Binding of spin-labeled galactosides to the lactose permease of Escherichia coli.
74  algorithms--Nearest Neighbor
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
LOF (1 time)
OneClass-SVM (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Personalization on Smartphone-Based Fall Detectors.
75  breeds-Naked neck
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
PB-2 (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2015 Effect of thermal manipulation during embryogenesis on liver heat shock protein expression in chronic heat stressed colored broiler chickens.
76  cascade-neural network
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HMM (1 time)
2003 An ENSEMBLE machine learning approach for the prediction of all-alpha membrane proteins.
77  diet-Normal postnatal diet
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CUG (1 time)
IR (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2017 Influence of catch up growth on spatial learning and memory in a mouse model of intrauterine growth restriction.
78  hybrid-neural network
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2002 Enzymatic synthesis of amoxicillin: avoiding limitations of the mechanistic approach for reaction kinetics.
79  N atom numbers
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
h-BN (1 time)
NV (1 time)
2017 Robust 2D Room-Temperature Dilute Ferrimagnetism Enhancement in Freestanding Ammoniated Atom-Thin [0001] h-BN Nanoplates.
80  N input
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GG (1 time)
HN (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2018 Nitrogen Fertilization Elevated Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon and Nitrogen in Switchgrass and Gamagrass Croplands.
81  N,N-dimethyldipropylenetriamine (NN') and bis(3-aminopropyl)amine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PSI (1 time)
2013 A polyethylenimine-mimetic biodegradable polycation gene vector and the effect of amine composition in transfection efficiency.
82  N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of performance of three different hybrid mesoporous solids based on silica for preconcentration purposes in analytical chemistry: From the study of sorption features to the determination of elements of group IB.
83  N-terminal beta-sheet
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CN (1 time)
hIAPP (1 time)
2011 Structural polymorphism of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) oligomers highlights the importance of interfacial residue interactions.
84  N-terminal-N-terminal
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
beta2m (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2008 Beta2-microglobulin amyloid fragment organization and morphology and its comparison to Abeta suggests that amyloid aggregation pathways are sequence specific.
85  N. nucifera
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
beta-AR (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
WAT (1 time)
2007 Constituents from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera stimulate lipolysis in the white adipose tissue of mice.
86  nail changes
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
LS-PGA (1 time)
2009 International multicenter psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis reliability trial for the assessment of skin, joints, nails, and dactylitis.
87  naive neutrophils
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
G-MDSC (1 time)
MDSC (1 time)
TAN (1 time)
2012 Transcriptomic analysis comparing tumor-associated neutrophils with granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells and normal neutrophils.
88  Naja naja
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
PSNT (1 time)
2018 An in vitro potency assay using nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding works well with antivenoms against Bungarus candidus and Naja naja.
89  Nakornnayok
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
4-CA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2008 Natural attenuation, biostimulation, and bioaugmentation in 4-chloroaniline-contaminated soil.
90  namely gene-duplicating mutations
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2007 [Association of the glycophorin A gene mutation in peripheral erythrocytes and chronic benzene poisoning].
91  naming
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1989 Lexical processing in Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis.
92  Nanning
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BJ (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CQ (1 time)
2003 [Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis of Drosophila simulans in the mainland of China].
93  nanonutraceuticals
(1 time)
Inflammation
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
2018 Attenuation of neurobehavioral and neurochemical abnormalities in animal model of cognitive deficits of Alzheimer's disease by fermented soybean nanonutraceutical.
94  naphthalene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
AN (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2017 Crossover from localized to itinerant states in hydrocarbon Mott insulators.
95  naringenin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
SC (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
2018 Fabrication of surfactant-stabilized nanosuspension of naringenin to surpass its poor physiochemical properties and low oral bioavailability.
96  narrow femoral neck
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
aBMD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of a simplified hip structure analysis method for the prediction of incident hip fracture events.
97  narrowest section of the neck
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
FNL, cm (1 time)
IT (1 time)
NSA (1 time)
2007 Proximal hip geometry is linked to several chromosomal regions: genome-wide linkage results from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study.
98  narrowing
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
NCV (1 time)
2005 Estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms are associated with the angiographic extent of coronary artery disease.
99  native nephrectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ADPKD (1 time)
RCCs (1 time)
2011 Native nephrectomy in transplant patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
100  natrium nitrate
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
1990 [State of oxidation-reduction systems of the body in acute and chronic sodium nitrite poisoning].