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Abbreviation: NNT
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
number needed to treat
(1673 times)
Medicine
(519 times)
RR (396 times)
CI (394 times)
NNH (182 times)
0 The efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis at placement of dental implants: a Cochrane systematic review of randomised controlled clinical trials.
nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase
(87 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
ROS (12 times)
FGD (9 times)
GSIS (3 times)
2001 Characterization of a nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase gene from the green alga Acetabularia acetabulum and comparison of its structure with those of the corresponding genes in mouse and Caenorhabditis elegans.
needed to treat to benefit
(56 times)
Medicine
(54 times)
RR (22 times)
CENTRAL (21 times)
CI (16 times)
2004 Randomised controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour.
neonatal tetanus
(53 times)
Tropical Medicine
(19 times)
TT (6 times)
OR (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1989 Ghee applications to the umbilical cord: a risk factor for neonatal tetanus.
number needed to treat statistic
(27 times)
Health Services Research
(26 times)
CI (26 times)
RR (17 times)
WMD (15 times)
2000 Depot haloperidol decanoate for schizophrenia.
needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome
(22 times)
Health Services Research
(22 times)
CENTRAL (12 times)
CI (11 times)
RR (11 times)
2011 Adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer after hysterectomy.
number-needed-to-treat-to-benefit
(12 times)
Health Services Research
(12 times)
NSAID (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CIs (2 times)
2008 Single dose oral celecoxib for acute postoperative pain in adults.
number necessary to treat
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
RR (2 times)
AF (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
1999 Acupuncture treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome.
NAD(P)-transhydrogenase
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
MnSOD (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2010 Genetic modifier of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase-deficient mice delays heart failure and prolongs survival.
10  needed to treat to prevent one event
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2001 Randomized trial evaluating the framing of cardiovascular risk and its impact on blood pressure control [ISRCTN87597585].
11  number needed for treatment
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARR (2 times)
CD (1 time)
Cp (1 time)
2013 Is Certolizumab Pegol Safe and Effective in the Treatment of Patients with Moderate to Severe Crohn's Disease? A Meta-analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials.
12  number needed to treat for melanoma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BTR (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2006 Ovarian cancer screening.
13  nearest neighbor technique
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
--- 1998 An entropy-based algorithm for detecting clusters of cases and controls and its comparison with a method using nearest neighbours.
14  neonatal thrombocytopenia
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MAIPA (1 time)
1992 Fetal and neonatal thrombocytopenia.
15  number of patients to treat
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ARR (1 time)
DES (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2011 Determining clinical benefits of drug-eluting coronary stents according to the population risk profile: a meta-regression from 31 randomized trials.
16  5-nicotinooxymethyl -gamma - tocopherylnicotinate
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
EDP (1 time)
1982 Antihypertensive actions of isoprenoids.
17  5-nonyloxytriptamine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
DiI (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2000 Selective facilitation of the serotonin(1B) receptor causes disorganization of thalamic afferents and barrels in somatosensory cortex of rat.
18  concept--number needed to treat
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
NNH (1 time)
2000 [Numbers needed for treatment and their respective confidence intervals: useful tools to assess clinical significance and uncertainty associated with medical interventions].
19  measures--number needed to treat
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
FinHer (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
2008 [Clinical and economic issues in adjuvant chemotherapy for HER-2 positive breast cancer].
20  N-nicotinoyltyramine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
MITF (1 time)
2015 N-Nicotinoyl tyramine, a novel niacinamide derivative, inhibits melanogenesis by suppressing MITF gene expression.
21  N-nitrosothiazolidine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
NNM (1 time)
PST (1 time)
1984 Comparison of the acute toxicities of N-nitrosothiazolidine and N-nitrosomorpholine.
22  near-nerve needle technique
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NCS (1 time)
PNP (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic utility of distal nerve conduction studies and sural near-nerve needle recording in polyneuropathy.
23  near-nerve technique
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
UENS (1 time)
2016 Near-Nerve Needle Technique Versus Surface Electrode Recordings in Electrodiagnosis of Diabetic Polyneuropathy.
24  Nearest Neighbor Clustering Technique
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Clustering of giardiosis among AIDS patients in Los Angeles County.
25  Nearest-neighbor thermodynamic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2011 Correcting for heat capacity and 5'-TA type terminal nearest neighbors improves prediction of DNA melting temperatures using nearest-neighbor thermodynamic models.
26  necessary number to treat
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Antiepileptic drugs in treatment of pain caused by diabetic neuropathy.
27  necessary to treat to prevent a fracture
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
NPF (1 time)
1999 [Number of patients to be treated and number of prevented fractures: clinical efficiency of osteoporosis treatment with diphosphonate alendronate].
28  needed to avoid non-compliance
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2000 [Treatment compliance in arterial hypertension. A 2-year intervention trial through health education].
29  needed to screen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 [Too early to recommend universal screening for colorectal cancer].
30  needed to transport to save one life
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Do heroin overdose patients require observation after receiving naloxone?
31  needed to treat to avoid one adverse outcome
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EBM (1 time)
NNH (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2000 Linking evidence-based medicine therapeutic summary measures to clinical decision analysis.
32  needed to treat to observe one fewer death
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
VKAs (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness and Safety of Rivaroxaban 15 or 20 mg Versus Vitamin K Antagonists in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.
33  needed to treat to prevent one case of PO-UR
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
POUR (1 time)
2019 Systematic review of interventions for the prevention and treatment of postoperative urinary retention.
34  needs to treat to obtain benefit
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2004 Importance of benefit-to-risk assessment for disease-modifying drugs used to treat MS.
35  Neonatal Tetanus Program
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ToBI (1 time)
TT (1 time)
1999 Tetanus antibodies measured by the toxin binding inhibition test (ToBI) in mothers and children in the Neonatal Tetanus Program in Vietnam.
36  Neonatal tumours
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Neonatal tumours.
37  neonate unit
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IUT (1 time)
2008 [Patient awareness and satisfaction of the Aurore perinatal network].
38  neural networks
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
DPN (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2011 Automatic analysis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy using multi-scale quantitative morphology of nerve fibres in corneal confocal microscopy imaging.
39  New Net Technologies
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2017 Measurement of Crestal Cortical Bone Thickness at Implant Site: A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study.
40  Newcastle and North Tyneside
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Mortality spike at New Year but not Christmas in North East England.
41  nitrogen nanotube
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HEDMs (1 time)
NNB (1 time)
NNN (1 time)
2006 Stability and electronic properties of nitrogen nanoneedles and nanotubes.
42  nitroglycerin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Atenolol in the treatment of angina pectoris].
43  node negative
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2014 Extended adjuvant tamoxifen for early breast cancer: a meta-analysis.
44  non-fatal cerebrovascular accident
(1 time)
Arteriosclerosis
(1 time)
--- 2018 Fibrates in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Comments on the results of a systematic review of the Cochrane Collaboration.
45  Non-native tree
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CES (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2019 Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services.
46  non-neoplastic tissue
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
DNMTs (1 time)
LSCC (1 time)
2016 Immunohistochemical expression of DNA methyltransferases 1, 3a, and 3b in actinic cheilitis and lip squamous cell carcinomas.
47  non-neural tissues
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
OFC (1 time)
2007 The relative contributions of brain, cerebrospinal fluid-filled structures and non-neural tissue volumes to occipital-frontal head circumference in subjects with autism.
48  non-specific neurocognitive therapy
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2014 Training cognitive flexibility in patients with anorexia nervosa: a pilot randomized controlled trial of cognitive remediation therapy.
49  non-viable native tendon
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
TDCs (1 time)
2016 Modulation of mesenchymal stem cell genotype and phenotype by extracellular matrix proteins.
50  nontoxic nodular thyroid disease
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2008 Circulating chemokines in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases.
51  nontumorous hybrid
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AzaC (1 time)
1989 5-azacytidine-induced tumorous transformation and DNA hypomethylation in Nicotiana tissue cultures.
52  number needed to treat to achieve one success
(1 time)
Clinical Trials as Topic
(1 time)
NNS (1 time)
2019 A statistical approach to identify optimal inclusion criteria: An application to acute stroke clinical trials.
53  number needed-to-scan/treat
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2018 Surveillance imaging in mantle cell lymphoma in first remission lacks clinical utility.
54  number requiring treatment for this outcome
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2002 Antifungal prophylaxis for severely neutropenic chemotherapy recipients: a meta analysis of randomized-controlled clinical trials.
55  Numbers Needed Treat
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Judet decortication and compression plate fixation of long bone non-union: Is bone graft necessary?
56  numero necessario para tratar
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Two Central Venous Pressure Control Strategies to Prevent Atrial Fibrillation After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.