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Abbreviation: NORM
Appearance Frequency: 307 time(s)
Long forms: 68

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
naturally occurring radioactive material
(149 times)
Environmental Health
(109 times)
TENORM (10 times)
HPGe (5 times)
MC (4 times)
1998 The state-of-the-art on worldwide studies in some environments with elevated naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM).
normal
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
SEV (7 times)
MOD (6 times)
HET (3 times)
1985 The postpartum induced corpus luteum: functional differences from that of cycling cows and the effects of progesterone pretreatment.
normoxia
(23 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
HYP (8 times)
HR (4 times)
CIH (3 times)
1995 Sodium and potassium current in neonatal rat carotid body cells following chronic in vivo hypoxia.
normoxic
(11 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
HYP (6 times)
NTS (3 times)
CIH (2 times)
2004 Responses of chronically hypoxic rat hearts to ischemia: KATP channel blockade does not abolish increased RV tolerance to ischemia.
normotensive
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
HYP (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
1993 Focal cerebral ischemia in rats: effect of hemodilution with alpha-alpha cross-linked hemoglobin on brain injury and edema.
normally
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
IN (2 times)
MEPs (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
1997 Femoral artery ligation stimulates capillary growth and limits training-induced increases in oxidative capacity in rats.
novel object recognition memory
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EPM (3 times)
MWM (3 times)
OF (3 times)
2009 Impaired hippocampus-dependent and -independent learning in IL-6 deficient mice.
normal diet
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CHOL (1 time)
1997 Effects of 3 days of carbohydrate supplementation on muscle glycogen content and utilisation during a 1-h cycling performance.
normalized
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
ATHs (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2010 Interpreting normalized and nonnormalized data after acute static stretching in athletes and nonathletes.
10  normotensive rats
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANG (2 times)
GTPCH I (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
1982 Favorable effects of therapy on cardiac performance in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
11  normal animals
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
IC (1 time)
LVH (1 time)
2000 Propranolol diminishes cardiac hypertrophy but does not abolish acceleration of the ischemic contracture in hyperthyroid hearts.
12  normal appearance
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
SM (2 times)
WB (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2019 Distribution and Expression of Vimentin and Desmin in Broiler Pectoralis major Affected by the Growth-Related Muscular Abnormalities.
13  normal saline served as controls
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
JNKs (1 time)
p38 MAPK (1 time)
THYR (1 time)
2001 Phenylephrine induced aortic vasoconstriction is attenuated in hyperthyroid rats.
14  normal voice
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2008 Voice of postradiotherapy nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients: evidence of vocal tract effect.
15  normal weight
(2 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2009 Severely obese have greater LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha production than normal weight African-American women.
16  normative data
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BSFI (1 time)
CCSs (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2007 Is the sexual function compromised in long-term testicular cancer survivors?
17  normative education
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 1994 Multilevel models for hierarchically nested data: potential applications in substance abuse prevention research.
18  normothermia
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HYPO (2 times)
ICP (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2005 Phase II clinical trial of moderate hypothermia after severe traumatic brain injury in children.
19  min of reperfusion (R)
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
TMZ (1 time)
2005 Trimetazidine protects isolated rat hearts against ischemia-reperfusion injury in an experimental timing-dependent manner.
20  National Orthopaedic Registry of Malaysia
(1 time)
--- 2012 Pre-injury demographic patterns of patients sustaining hip fractures in malaysia.
21  National Surveillance Program for Antimicrobial Resistance
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
MLST (1 time)
STs (1 time)
2005 mef(A), mef(E) and a new mef allele in macrolide-resistant Streptococcus spp. isolates from Norway.
22  Network for Objective Measurement of Movement
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 [Physical activity measured with accelerometers].
23  NO-releasing molecule
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2017 MRI-guided and ultrasound-triggered release of NO by advanced nanomedicine.
24  non-malignant tissue distant from the tumor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
UPA (1 time)
1997 Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor in gastric cancer: tissue expression and prognostic role.
25  nondystrophic mice
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
1995 High protein diet has beneficial effects in murine muscular dystrophy.
26  normal beat
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
LBBB (1 time)
RBBB (1 time)
2014 Detection of inter-patient left and right bundle branch block heartbeats in ECG using ensemble classifiers.
27  normal cancellous bone
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
OV (1 time)
1998 Effect of bioactive glass particle size on osseous regeneration of cancellous defects.
28  normal chow
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHOL (1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
2017 Hypercholesterolemia downregulates autophagy in the rat heart.
29  normal definition
(1 time)
Diagnosis, Oral
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
HD (1 time)
ULD-HD (1 time)
2020 Low-dose cone-beam computed tomography in simulated condylar erosion detection: a diagnostic accuracy study.
30  normal eaters
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AEB (1 time)
2008 The prevalence of abnormal eating behaviour in a representative sample of the French diabetic population.
31  normal environment
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2008 Impact of prolonged exercise in the heat and carbohydrate supplementation on performance of a virtual environment task.
32  normal foot position
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EXT (1 time)
INT (1 time)
KAM (1 time)
2016 Acute Effects of Foot Rotation in Healthy Adults during Running on Knee Moments and Lateral-Medial Shear Force.
33  normal for both white striping and woody breast
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BOTH (1 time)
MILD (1 time)
MORSE (1 time)
2016 Meat quality of broiler breast fillets with white striping and woody breast muscle myopathies.
34  normal gastric mucosa far from the tumor
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
UPA (1 time)
1995 The role of urokinase-type plasminogen activator and its inhibitor PAI-1 in gastric cancer.
35  normal glycogen
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
RED (1 time)
2015 Neuromuscular responses to mild-muscle damaging eccentric exercise in a low glycogen state.
36  normal group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HVG (1 time)
2020 Detailed analysis of the transverse arch of hallux valgus feet with and without pain using weightbearing ultrasound imaging and precise force sensors.
37  normal growth
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ADLIB (1 time)
2012 Adverse metabolic phenotype in low-birth-weight lambs and its modification by postnatal nutrition.
38  normal healthy volunteers
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ATM (2 times)
iLBBB (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2009 Apical transverse motion as surrogate parameter to determine regional left ventricular function inhomogeneities: a new, integrative approach to left ventricular asynchrony assessment.
39  normal hearing animals
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
EABR (1 time)
1997 Ontogeny of electrically evoked brain stem potentials in neonatally deafened gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) after cochlear implantation.
40  normal individuals
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
EAPC (1 time)
EH (1 time)
FENa (1 time)
1983 Intrarenal pressure and sodium excretion in hypertension of chronic glomerulonephritis in humans.
41  normal match-day attire alone
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CGs (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2009 Effects of wearing compression garments on thermoregulation during simulated team sport activity in temperate environmental conditions.
42  normal mucosa distant from the tumor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CatB (1 time)
CatL (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1995 Cysteine and serine proteases in gastric cancer.
43  normal night of sleep
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
TSD (1 time)
2005 Compensatory recruitment after sleep deprivation and the relationship with performance.
44  normal occlusion
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BBF (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2019 Mandibular prognathism attenuates brain blood flow induced by chewing.
45  normal oral mucosa
(1 time)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(1 time)
OLD (1 time)
OLP (1 time)
OLR (1 time)
2017 Expression of survivin and p53 in oral lichen planus, lichenoid reaction and lichenoid dysplasia: An immunohistochemical study.
46  normal phosphofructokinase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Metabolic and work capacity of skeletal muscle of PFK-deficient dogs studied in situ.
47  normal pregnant women
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACE2 (1 time)
AT1 (1 time)
PRE (1 time)
2015 Downregulation of apelin in the human placental chorionic villi from preeclamptic pregnancies.
48  normal previous IVF response
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
GnSAF (1 time)
POOR (1 time)
rFSH (1 time)
2002 Women with poor response to IVF have lowered circulating gonadotrophin surge-attenuating factor (GnSAF) bioactivity during spontaneous and stimulated cycles.
49  normal pulmonary function
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
Td (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1998 Determination of functional residual capacity (FRC) by multibreath nitrogen washout in a lung model and in mechanically ventilated patients. Accuracy depends on continuous dynamic compensation for changes of gas sampling delay time.
50  normal pump uptake treatment
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HIGH (1 time)
2018 The effect of bacon pump retention levels following thermal processing on bacon slice composition and sensory characteristics.
51  normal tissues
(1 time)
BLT (1 time)
DCNN (1 time)
LCa (1 time)
2019 Computer-aided diagnosis of laryngeal cancer via deep learning based on laryngoscopic images.
52  normal training
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
INT (1 time)
sT (1 time)
TAPER (1 time)
2013 Salivary hormones, IgA, and performance during intense training and tapering in judo athletes.
53  normal use
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2012 Increases of antibiotic resistance in excessive use of antibiotics in smallholder dairy farms in northern Thailand.
54  normative expenditures, Y
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2010 A limited-sample benchmark approach to assess and improve the performance of risk equalization models.
55  normative sample from the general population
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
GQOL (1 time)
PCGs (1 time)
QOLS (1 time)
2006 Global quality of life in primary caregivers of patients with cancer in palliative phase staying at home.
56  normobaric
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
a.s.l (1 time)
CAB (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2013 Muscle oxygenation, EMG, and cardiovascular responses for cabin attendants vs. controls.
57  normocalcemic
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
CLIN (1 time)
LB (1 time)
2020 Associations between lying behavior and activity and hypocalcemia in grazing dairy cows during the transition period.
58  normoglycemic postpartum
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GDM-N (2 times)
FMD (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2012 Influence of hyperglycemia during and after pregnancy on postpartum vascular function.
59  normotensive controls
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
BI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2020 High-Intensity Interval Training Decreases Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity in Men With Essential Hypertension and in Normotensive Controls.
60  normotensive counterparts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HYP (1 time)
2020 Essential hypertension is associated with blunted smooth muscle cell vasodilator responsiveness and is reversed by 10-20-30 training in men.
61  normotensive pregnancies
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
UA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2011 High-end arteriolar resistance limits uterine artery blood flow and restricts fetal growth in preeclampsia and gestational hypertension at high altitude.
62  normotensive pregnant
(1 time)
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
UABF (1 time)
2012 Role of cytokines in altitude-associated preeclampsia.
63  normothermic resuscitation
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
IRH (1 time)
PRE (1 time)
ScE (1 time)
2009 Effects of pre-arrest and intra-arrest hypothermia on ventricular fibrillation and resuscitation.
64  normoxic condition
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
2017 Pilot physiology, cognition and flight performance during flight simulation exposed to a 3810-m hypoxic condition.
65  normoxic vs. hyperoxic environment, eight cyclists
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2000 The effects of breathing supplemental oxygen during altitude training on cycling performance.
66  norms for energy and protein
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CONV (1 time)
HCHF (1 time)
2013 Late gestation undernutrition can predispose for visceral adiposity by altering fat distribution patterns and increasing the preference for a high-fat diet in early postnatal life.
67  Norwegian Organisation for Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance
(1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
MICs (1 time)
2016 The antimicrobial activity of mecillinam, nitrofurantoin, temocillin and fosfomycin and comparative analysis of resistance patterns in a nationwide collection of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in Norway 2010-2011.
68  Norwegian Surveillance System for Antimicrobial Drug Resistance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EARSS (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
VRE (1 time)
2009 [Surveillance and prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Norway].