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Abbreviation: NOS
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Long forms: 167

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nitric oxide synthase
(8766 times)
Neurology
(1268 times)
NO (3119 times)
L-NAME (876 times)
iNOS (748 times)
1991 Widespread tissue distribution, species distribution and changes in activity of Ca(2+)-dependent and Ca(2+)-independent nitric oxide synthases.
Newcastle-Ottawa Scale
(306 times)
Medicine
(52 times)
CI (52 times)
OR (44 times)
RR (25 times)
2009 Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer.
NO-synthase
(141 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
NO (101 times)
L-NAME (19 times)
iNOS (14 times)
1993 Cytokines, endotoxin, and glucocorticoids regulate the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in hepatocytes.
non-selective NO synthase
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
NO (47 times)
L-NAME (17 times)
nNOS (12 times)
1996 Nitric oxide inhibitors attenuate ischemic degeneration in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices.
Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale
(44 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
CI (8 times)
OR (8 times)
HR (5 times)
2012 Steroidal contraceptives and bone fractures in women: evidence from observational studies.
not-otherwise-specified
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
PTCL (7 times)
AITL (5 times)
1987 A morphologic study of childhood lymphoma of the undifferentiated type. The Pediatric Oncology Group experience.
nitric oxide synthase activity
(24 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NO (9 times)
L-NAME (5 times)
cGMP (4 times)
1995 The inter-relationship between polyamines and the L-arginine nitric oxide pathway in the human placenta.
natural orifice surgery
(16 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
TED (3 times)
NESA (2 times)
LC (1 time)
2007 [The natural orifice surgery concept. Vision and rationale for a paradigm shift].
non-specific NO synthase
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
NO (16 times)
7-NI (5 times)
L-NAME (5 times)
1997 Neuronal NO promotes cerebral cortical hyperemia during cortical spreading depression in rabbits.
10  non-selective inhibitor of NO synthase
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
NO (12 times)
L-NAME (7 times)
iNOS (4 times)
1999 Evidence that nitric oxide stimulates feeding in the marsupial Sminthopsis crassicaudata.
11  neurological optimality score
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
MND (3 times)
HIE (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
1990 Neurological status, sleep apnea frequency and blood oxygenation in six weeks old infants.
12  National Osteoporosis Society
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
CIOP (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2002 Osteoporosis prophylaxis during corticosteroid treatment: failure to prescribe.
13  nNOS and eNOS
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NO (7 times)
eNOS (5 times)
iNOS (4 times)
2004 Nitric oxide in health and disease of the respiratory system.
14  number of spikes
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ADCC (1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BNs (1 time)
1997 Analysis of primate IBN spike trains using system identification techniques. II. Relationship to gaze, eye, and head movement dynamics during head-free gaze shifts.
15  nucleolar targeting signal
(7 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BSA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1989 Nucleolar targeting signal of human T-cell leukemia virus type I rex-encoded protein is essential for cytoplasmic accumulation of unspliced viral mRNA.
16  nature of science
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
NOSI-E (2 times)
MC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2010 Comparison of views of the nature of science between natural science and nonscience majors.
17  noscapine
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MOR (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
6-AM (1 time)
2004 Validated assay for the determination of markers of illicit heroin in urine samples for the control of patients in a heroin prescription program.
18  neoplasms not otherwise specified
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CSv1 (1 time)
DLK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2000 Composite dendritic cell neoplasm (NOS) and small lymphocytic lymphoma.
19  Nosiheptide
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MIA (2 times)
DMIA (1 time)
NOC-I (1 time)
2009 Nosiheptide biosynthesis featuring a unique indole side ring formation on the characteristic thiopeptide framework.
20  Nottingham Onset Schedule
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
DUP (4 times)
DUI (1 time)
FIPS (1 time)
2005 Determining the chronology and components of psychosis onset: The Nottingham Onset Schedule (NOS).
21  tumors-not otherwise-specified
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
AT/RT (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
2007 Atypical lexical/semantic processing in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders without early language delay.
22  adenocarcinoma-not otherwise specified
(4 times)
Genital Neoplasms, Female
(1 time)
SMG (1 time)
2011 Bacteriology of deep neck abscesses: a retrospective review of 96 consecutive cases.
23  L-arginine-NO synthase
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NO (3 times)
DETC (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2000 In vivo on-line detection of no distribution in endotoxin-treated mice by l-band ESR.
24  neurons containing NO synthase
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
NO (4 times)
NMDA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1994 Sparing of NADPH-diaphorase striatal neurons in Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.
25  Newcastle-Ottawa
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2011 Reliability and validity of three quality rating instruments for systematic reviews of observational studies.
26  receptor-nitric oxide synthase
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NMDA (3 times)
PD (2 times)
BGS (1 time)
2000 Ethanol neurobehavioral teratogenesis and the role of the hippocampal glutamate-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-nitric oxide synthase system.
27  anti-NO synthase
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
NO (3 times)
eNOS (1 time)
Gi (1 time)
1998 Pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins influence nitric oxide synthase III activity and protein levels in rat heart.
28  NADPH-diaphorase
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AS (1 time)
HNS (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1993 NADPH-diaphorase (NOS) is induced in pyramidal neurones of hippocampal slices.
29  new oral spirochete
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
aOTI (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
1993 A successful method for quantifying viable oral anaerobic spirochetes.
30  new-onset seizures
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2002 New onset seizures in HIV-infected patients without intracranial mass lesions or meningitis--a clinical, radiological and SPECT scan study.
31  Nigerooligosaccharides
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Con A (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-12 (1 time)
1999 Immunopotentiating activity of nigerooligosaccharides for the T helper 1-like immune response in mice.
32  Nitric oxide (.NO) synthase
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
NAME (1 time)
1991 On the substrate specificity of nitric oxide synthase.
33  nitric oxide scavenging
(3 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
2004 Protective effect of interleukin-1beta on motor neurons after sciatic nerve injury in rats.
34  nitrous oxide
(3 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
Nir (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
1997 Effects of electro-acupuncture on 5-HT, NOS and the gastric mucosa of stress rats.
35  nitrous oxide sedation
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
IVS (2 times)
SCL-90 (2 times)
1999 Treatment modalities in a dental fear clinic and the relation with general psychopathology and oral health variables.
36  nNOS, iNOS, and eNOS
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1996 [Pulmonary nitric oxide synthase isoform expression and their functional significance].
37  non-organ-specific
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
OS (3 times)
BNF (2 times)
CYP1A (2 times)
1987 Organ-specific autoantibodies in non-organ-specific autoimmune diseases with special reference to rheumatoid arthritis.
38  nopaline synthase terminator
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
GM (2 times)
CaMV (1 time)
CaMV35S (1 time)
2006 Detection of genetic modification in cured tobacco leaf: proficiency testing using polymerase chain reaction-based methods.
39  malignant ovarian steroid cell tumor not otherwise specified
(2 times)
Genital Diseases, Female
(1 time)
BEP (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2012 A rare cause of virilization; Ovarian steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified (NOS).
40  neurons by NO synthase
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
bFGF (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
NADPHd (1 time)
1993 Peptide growth factors protect against ischemia in culture by preventing nitric oxide toxicity.
41  Newcastle-Ottawa Scale case control study
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CNKI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2016 TLR4 polymorphism and periodontitis susceptibility: A meta-analysis.
42  nitric oxidase
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
apo (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2002 Effects of spiramine T on antioxidant enzymatic activities and nitric oxide production in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion gerbils.
43  nitric oxide species
(2 times)
Oxidative Stress
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
KC (1 time)
KCs (1 time)
2013 Hyperacute rejection in the xenogenic transplanted rat liver is triggered by the complement system only in the presence of leukocytes and free radical species.
44  nitric oxide synthase enzyme protein
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
NO (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
1997 Androgenic regulation of NO availability in rat penile erection.
45  nitric oxygenase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2004 Interaction between endogenous nitric oxide and carbon monoxide in the pathogenesis of recurrent febrile seizures.
46  nitro-oxidative stress
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
DPN (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2013 Accelerated aging in major depression: the role of nitro-oxidative stress.
47  non-obstructed smokers
(2 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
NS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2017 Vascular disease in COPD: Systemic and pulmonary expression of PARC (Pulmonary and Activation-Regulated Chemokine).
48  non-operated side
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BMPs (1 time)
COV (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Mechanical evaluation of mandibular defects reconstructed using osteogenic protein-1 (rhOP-1) in a sheep model: a critical analysis.
49  nonspecific osteomyelitis of the spine
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2004 [Assessment of the immuological status in patients with nonspecific spinal osteomyelitis].
50  number of diaphorase
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
PVN (2 times)
HF (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1998 Altered number of diaphorase (NOS) positive neurons in the hypothalamus of rats with heart failure.
51  number of segments
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AGSC (1 time)
BEVs (1 time)
DMPO (1 time)
2016 An empirical method for automatic determination of maximum number of segments in DMPO-based IMRT for Head and Neck cases.
52  5'-nucleotidase and NO synthase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2000 Adenosine and nitric oxide in exercise-induced human skeletal muscle vasodilatation.
53  action of several types of NO synthase
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
ppb (1 time)
1996 The effect of alcohol ingestion on exhaled nitric oxide.
54  co-localization of specific NO synthase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2012 Regulation of cardiovascular cellular processes by S-nitrosylation.
55  diagnosis of salivary acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
AC-NOS (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2002 Differential diagnosis of salivary acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma (NOS). A comparison of (immuno-)histochemical markers.
56  diagnosis ovarian steroid cell tumor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Accessory ovarian steroid cell tumor producing testosterone and cortisol: A case report.
57  disorders--not otherwise specified
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Strategies and tactics in the treatment of chronic depression.
58  enzyme--NO synthase
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1998 [The synthesis and effects of nitric oxide at the retinal level].
59  enzymes-nitric oxide synthases
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
1997 Intracellular localization of inducible nitric oxide synthase in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes in culture.
60  expansion of subthreshold
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2015 Trends in subthreshold psychiatric diagnoses for youth in community treatment.
61  high-output NO synthase
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
2000 Contribution of caveolin protein abundance to augmented nitric oxide signaling in conscious dogs with pacing-induced heart failure.
62  induction of spinal LTP, NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADPRT (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2006 Different roles of two nitric oxide activated pathways in spinal long-term potentiation of C-fiber-evoked field potentials.
63  L-NAME, which blocks the enzyme
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
1995 The role of nitric oxide in the central control of blood pressure.
64  maturing oocytes, SW triggered AMPK deactivation, NO synthase
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
GVBD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2012 Inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown by antioxidants and the roles of signaling pathways related to nitric oxide and cGMP during meiotic resumption in oocytes of a marine worm.
65  N(G)-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester, an NO synthase
(1 time)
Pigmentation
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 Participation of nitric oxide in the color change induced by UV radiation in the crab Chasmagnathus granulatus.
66  N. ceranae spores and fed with sugar syrup
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2016 Effect of dietary supplementation of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains in Apis mellifera L. against Nosema ceranae.
67  nadir oxyhemoglobin saturation
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2018 Upper airway stimulation therapy and prior airway surgery for obstructive sleep apnea.
68  NADPH-oxidase and NO synthase
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DMPO (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1995 Osteoclast radical interactions: NADPH causes pulsatile release of NO and stimulates superoxide production.
69  Name-of-Substance
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2004 A simple and practical dictionary-based approach for identification of proteins in Medline abstracts.
70  NasOral-System
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [The practicability, patient comfort and efficiency of the pre-oxygenation device NasOral].
71  National Organic Chemistry Symposium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ORGN (1 time)
2013 Profiles in chemistry: a historical perspective on the national organic symposium.
72  natural orifices
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Minimal invasive transvaginal right hemicolectomy: report of the first complex NOS (natural orifice surgery) bowels operation using a hybrid approach].
73  natural oyster shell
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COS (1 time)
2017 First study on oyster-shell-based phosphorous removal in saltwater - A proxy to effluent bioremediation of marine aquaculture.
74  ND findings suggestive of a papillary lesion
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
2004 The role of nipple discharge cytology in the diagnosis of breast disease: a study of 1948 nipple discharge smears from 1530 patients.
75  NE markers in carcinoma of the usual type
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
2000 Expression of the neuroendocrine phenotype in carcinomas of the breast.
76  near-infrared optical system
(1 time)
--- 2016 Tracking multiple surgical instruments in a near-infrared optical system.
77  neck-shoulder symptoms
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
PT (1 time)
SD, 3.8 (1 time)
1993 Manual palpation and pain threshold in female office employees with and without neck-shoulder symptoms.
78  neonatal opiate solution
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
NASS (1 time)
2007 Sequela of preterm versus term infants born to mothers on a methadone maintenance program: differential course of neonatal abstinence syndrome.
79  neoplasm
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2000 Composite dendritic cell neoplasm (NOS) and small lymphocytic lymphoma.
80  nervous system embryonal tumor
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CNS PNETs (1 time)
2018 The case for DNA methylation based molecular profiling to improve diagnostic accuracy for central nervous system embryonal tumors (not otherwise specified) in adults.
81  nervous system NO synthase
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
HU (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
2005 Hindlimb unloading alters nitric oxide and autonomic control of resting arterial pressure in conscious rats.
82  Network Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MSPSS (1 time)
1995 Psychometric properties of the MSPSS and NOS in psychiatric outpatients.
83  Neuro-Ophthalmic Supplement
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NEI-VFQ (1 time)
SARA (1 time)
SCA (1 time)
2015 Vision related quality of life in spinocerebellar ataxia.
84  neuro-orthopaedic syndromes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCM (2 times)
2001 Split cord malformation (scm) in paediatric patients: outcome of 19 cases.
85  neuroblastoma cells, NO synthase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2003 Regulation of neuronal proliferation and differentiation by nitric oxide.
86  neuromuscular stimulation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1995 Relative changes in blood flow with functional electrical stimulation during exercise of the paralyzed lower limbs.
87  neurons by constitutive NO synthase
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
L-ANA (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1996 [Voltametric detection of cerebral NO in rats. Variations of the signal throughout the sleep-wakefulness cycle].
88  neurons express NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2015 Cell-specific regulation of neuronal activity by endogenous production of nitric oxide.
89  neurons that contain NO synthase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVT (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1997 Nitric oxide synthase in learning-relevant nuclei of the chick brain: morphology, distribution, and relation to transmitter phenotypes.
90  NEWCASTLE-OTTAWA case-control study quality rating scale
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Lack of association of CYP11B2-344C/T polymorphism with essential hypertension: a meta-analysis.
91  Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale: Case-Control Studies
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CNKI (1 time)
HBSS (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2014 The association between blood lipid and phlegm turbidity syndrome of angina pectoris: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
92  Newcastle-Ottawa quality scale
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ORs (1 time)
REM (1 time)
2018 The relation of passive smoking with cervical cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
93  Newcastle-Ottawa scoring system
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EJS (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
OTG (1 time)
2015 Systematic review of anastomotic complications of esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy.
94  Newcastle-Ottawa tool for observational studies
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
FIGO (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2008 Laparoscopy versus laparotomy for FIGO Stage I ovarian cancer.
95  nitrendipine oral suspension
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
2016 Nanovesicles of nitrendipine with lipid complex for transdermal delivery: pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies.
96  nitric oxide by decreasing NADPH-diaphorase
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
2001 Cellular basis of steroid neuroprotection in the wobbler mouse, a genetic model of motoneuron disease.
97  nitric oxide signaling
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
PDZ-BM (1 time)
2015 MAS C-Terminal Tail Interacting Proteins Identified by Mass Spectrometry- Based Proteomic Approach.
98  Nitric oxide synthase expression
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
SST (1 time)
2009 Effect of porto-systemic shunting on NOS expression after extended hepatectomy in rats.
99  nitric oxide synthase heme domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Arg (1 time)
NOHA (1 time)
2002 EPR and ENDOR characterization of intermediates in the cryoreduced oxy-nitric oxide synthase heme domain with bound L-arginine or N(G)-hydroxyarginine.
100  nitric oxide synthase-derived metabolites
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
IgM (1 time)
PACAP (1 time)
2010 Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP): a regulator of the innate and acquired immune functions in juvenile fish.