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Abbreviation: NPI
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Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Neuropsychiatric Inventory
(811 times)
Geriatrics
(353 times)
AD (342 times)
MMSE (223 times)
BPSD (108 times)
1994 The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia.
Nottingham Prognostic Index
(194 times)
Neoplasms
(117 times)
ER (22 times)
OS (19 times)
DFS (14 times)
1994 The Nottingham Prognostic Index applied to 9,149 patients from the studies of the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group (DBCG).
Narcissistic Personality Inventory
(57 times)
Psychology
(40 times)
NPD (8 times)
PNI (7 times)
HSNS (3 times)
1984 Validation of two scales for narcissistic personality disorder.
neonatal porcine islet
(20 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
mAbs (3 times)
IL (2 times)
LFA-1 (2 times)
2000 Microencapsulation of neonatal porcine islets: protection from human antibody/complement-mediated cytolysis in vitro and long-term reversal of diabetes in nude mice.
National Provider Identifier
(18 times)
Jurisprudence
(5 times)
CMS (2 times)
DEA (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2004 HIPAA administrative simplification: standard unique health identifier for health care providers. Final rule.
non-pharmaceutical interventions
(13 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CAM (2 times)
AB (1 time)
H1N1 (1 time)
2006 Factors associated with the use of complementary medicine and non-pharmacological interventions in symptomatic menopausal women.
National Programme on Immunization
(11 times)
Hospitals
(3 times)
EPI (3 times)
ORT (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
1997 Motivating consumers for National Programme on Immunization (NPI) and Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in Nigeria.
neuropsychological impairment
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ARGs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
cART (1 time)
2004 CCR2 polymorphisms affect neuropsychological impairment in HIV-1-infected adults.
Neonatal Perception Inventory
(7 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
AAI (1 time)
BNBAS (1 time)
EPDS (1 time)
1976 Evaluation of televised anticipatory guidance to primiparae.
10  Norwich Patellar Instability
(7 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
BPII (2 times)
FTPD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 The development, validation and internal consistency of the Norwich Patellar Instability (NPI) score.
11  nasopharyngeal intubation
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
RS (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
2001 Clinical experience with infants with Robin sequence: a prospective study.
12  Nemerow pollution index
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Pi (2 times)
BCF (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2016 [Impact of liver cancer deaths on life expectancy in 14 counties (districts) from the Huai River Basin, 2013: relationship between the water environment and liver cancer].
13  Neuropsychiatric Index
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AD (3 times)
ADAS-Cog (3 times)
AG (1 time)
2011 Changes in cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study with the Chinese herbal medicine fuzhisan.
14  neuropsychiatric symptoms
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
AQ-D (1 time)
CGIC (1 time)
2009 Does cognitive impairment influence burden in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease?
15  nasal patency index
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
nPF (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1978 Measurement of nasal patency using a Vitalograph.
16  negative polarity item
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
SRA (1 time)
2006 Diagnosis and repair of negative polarity constructions in the light of symbolic resonance analysis.
17  National Pollutant Inventory
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CMSS (1 time)
2003 Roles of land use resolution and unit-area load rates in assessment of diffuse nutrient emissions.
18  neck pain intensity
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CROM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 The Effectiveness of Cupping Therapy on Relieving Chronic Neck and Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
19  neurological pupil index
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
IIH (1 time)
2017 [Influence of Propofol and Remifentanil on Pupillary Light Reflex Assessed by a Hand-held Point-and-shoot Pupillometer].
20  Neuropsychiatric Interview
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NBRS (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2005 [Self-evaluation of physical, cognitive and mood symptoms in a cohort of traumatic and vascular brain injury patients participating in social and neuropsychological remediation programmes].
21  Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: a cross-sectional descriptive study in Thailand.
22  Neuropsychological Inventory
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
EADC (1 time)
2005 The need for a consensus in the use of assessment tools for Alzheimer's disease: the Feasibility Study (assessment tools for dementia in Alzheimer Centres across Europe), a European Alzheimer's Disease Consortium's (EADC) survey.
23  neutrophil phagocytosis index
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
EN (2 times)
Gln (2 times)
aa (1 time)
2006 Glutamine granule-supplemented enteral nutrition maintains immunological function in severely burned patients.
24  non-Pacinian I
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 The effects of a surround on vibrotactile thresholds: evidence for spatial and temporal independence in the non-Pacinian I (NPI) channel.
25  nonperfusion index
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
NPDR (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
cr (1 time)
2015 Diabetic Retinopathy Severity and Peripheral Lesions Are Associated with Nonperfusion on Ultrawide Field Angiography.
26  novel patient interaction
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NPR (2 times)
OSCE (1 time)
1990 Research on nurse-patient relationships: problems of theory, problems of practice.
27  nuclear pseudoinclusions
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
HTT (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1987 [An electron microscopic study of malignant giant cell tumor of bone].
28  naphthalimide
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
BTD (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2016 A D-pi-A1-pi-A2 push-pull small molecule donor for solution processed bulk heterojunction organic solar cells.
29  nasopharyngitis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NPC (2 times)
EBER (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2013 Aberrant activation of hedgehog pathway in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
30  negative pressure irrigation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IPN (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
2016 Negative pressure irrigation and endoscopic necrosectomy through man-made sinus tract in infected necrotizing pancreatitis: a technical report.
31  negative pressure therapy with irrigation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SPP (1 time)
2011 Negative pressure therapy with irrigation for an infected digit: a preliminary report.
32  neonatal ponderal index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FGR (1 time)
IDF (1 time)
1997 Different postnatal growth between disproportionate and proportionate fetal growth retardation at term.
33  neurophysin I
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
AVPR1A (1 time)
Avpr1b (1 time)
1999 Essential dynamics/factor analysis for the interpretation of molecular dynamics trajectories.
34  neuropsychiatric impairment
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HAD (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
OIs (1 time)
2004 Elevated expression of IFN-gamma in the HIV-1 infected brain.
35  non-pain inducing
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EAP (2 times)
2017 Commensal bacterial modulation of the host immune response to ameliorate pain in a murine model of chronic prostatitis.
36  non-PI
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2007 Leukocyte profile of cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus.
37  non-planning impulsiveness
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BIS-11 (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2012 Relationship of relapse with impulsivity, novelty seeking and craving in male alcohol-dependent inpatients.
38  non-primary infection
(2 times)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
2016 Primary Versus Nonprimary West Nile Virus Infection: A Cohort Study.
39  nonparametric predictive inference
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
LoD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2011 Nonparametric predictive inference for exposure assessment.
40  normal ponderal index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LPI (2 times)
IUGR (1 time)
1992 [Stereological study of the placentae in intrauterine growth retardation with different ponderal index].
41  North Pacific Index
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
PDO (2 times)
ALPI (1 time)
AO (1 time)
2002 Annual adult survival of Least Auklets (Aves, Alcidae) varies with large-scale climatic conditions of the North Pacific Ocean.
42  nosocomial pulmonary infection
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2000 Nosocomial pulmonary infection by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria of patients hospitalized in intensive care units: risk factors and survival.
43  novel prognostic index
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
NCCN-IPI (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2014 Novel and simple prognostic index for nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma.
44  Number of Physicians Index
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
UPC (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2014 The impact of hospitalist discontinuity on hospital cost, readmissions, and patient satisfaction.
45  nutritional prognostic index
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
MV (1 time)
1996 Acute exacerbations in patients with COPD: predictors of need for mechanical ventilation.
46  1,8-naphthalimide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 1,8-Naphthalimide-Substituted BODIPY Dyads: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Live-Cell Imaging.
47  different pre-information conditions given in a graphical chart: no pre-information
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BFD (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
FPI (1 time)
2014 Correct, fake and absent pre-information does not affect the occurrence and magnitude of the bilateral force deficit.
48  N(4)-((E)-2-phenylethylidene)
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
NHPM (1 time)
NPPI (1 time)
2010 Anti-tumor Activity of N [(E)-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) Methylidene], N-[(E)-2-Phenylethylidene], N [(E,2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenylidene], and N [(E)ethylidene] Isonicotinohydrazide on K562 and Jurkat Cell Lines.
49  Nakagami parametric imaging
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FV (1 time)
TMCs (1 time)
VFR (1 time)
2013 Flow quantification with nakagami parametric imaging for suppressing contrast microbubbles attenuation.
50  nalbuphine pivalate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
NDE (1 time)
2003 Biodegradable polymeric microspheres for nalbuphine prodrug controlled delivery: in vitro characterization and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies.
51  nasopharyngeal chronic inflammation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NPC (1 time)
Pim-1 (1 time)
2019 Epstein-Barr virus-encoded LMP1 regulated Pim1 kinase expression promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells proliferation.
52  nasopharyngeal inlet
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FOL (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
2014 The morphology of the nasopharyngeal inlet in obstructive sleep apnea.
53  National Prescribing Indicator
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
DDDs (1 time)
PUs (1 time)
2016 A change in the trend in dosulepin usage following the introduction of a prescribing indicator but not after two national safety warnings.
54  National Provider Index
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
LLR (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2018 Precision of provider licensure data for mapping member accessibility to Medicaid managed care provider networks.
55  near-peer instructors
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2017 Students as anatomy near-peer teachers: a double-edged sword for an ancient skill.
56  Neck Pain Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PDCT (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2019 Percutaneous plasma laser disc coagulation and navigable ablation decompression in the treatment of cervical disc herniation: a single center experience
57  negative correlation was found between the amount of plaque
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1982 Periodontal healing following open debridement flap procedures. I. Clinical assessment of soft tissue and osseous repair.
58  negative personal impact
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BASC (1 time)
2005 Development of a brief assessment scale for caregivers of the medically ill.
59  Negative pressure intrusion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2000 Negative pressure intrusion cementing technique for total knee arthroplasty.
60  negative pressure intrusion technique
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOI (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2016 Intrusion Characteristics of High Viscosity Bone Cements for the Tibial Component of a Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Negative Pressure Intrusion Cementing Technique.
61  Neighbor Preference Index
(1 time)
Informatics
(1 time)
NPIs (1 time)
2016 Similar compounds versus similar conformers: complementarity between PubChem 2-D and 3-D neighboring sets.
62  Nemerow synthetic pollution index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Driving forces of heavy metal changes in agricultural soils in a typical manufacturing center.
63  Neonatal Perception Index
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NICU (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2007 Parental Perception of Neonates, Parental Stress and Education for NICU Parents.
64  Neonatal pig pancreatic islets
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2006 Long-term cultured neonatal porcine islet cell monolayers: a potential tissue source for transplant in diabetes.
65  neopterin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
FPT (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2012 [Effects of fuzheng paidu tablet on tumor necrosis factor-alpha and neopterin of thirty-two asymptomatic HIV carriers].
66  net protein intake
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2009 Summer dietary nitrogen availability as a potential bottom-up constraint on moose in south-central Alaska.
67  neuronal pentraxin
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NPII (1 time)
1995 Human neuronal pentraxin II (NPTX2): conservation, genomic structure, and chromosomal localization.
68  Neuropathic Pain index
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
ALCAR (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2014 Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma treated with bortezomib, doxorubicin and low-dose dexamethasone: a study from the Wisconsin Oncology Network.
69  Neuropsychiatric Inventory-carer distress version
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Premorbid personality traits are associated with post-stroke behavioral and psychological symptoms: a three-month follow-up study in Perth, Western Australia.
70  neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
QOL (1 time)
SCU (1 time)
SHA (1 time)
2012 Health outcomes and quality of life of residents of shared-housing arrangements compared to residents of special care units - results of the Berlin DeWeGE-study.
71  neutrophils/impression
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
OcMMP (1 time)
OSIC (1 time)
2016 Conjunctival Neutrophils Predict Progressive Scarring in Ocular Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid.
72  new patient index
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1980 Geriatric day hospitals: practice and planning.
73  new type of personality inventory
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Investigation of the concurrent validity of a new personality inventory: construction of a new personality inventory by means of factor analysis based on promax rotation (II)].
74  Newborn Perception Scale
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
PPSEQ (1 time)
PSEQ (1 time)
2017 Antenatal Education on Pregnant Adolescents in Turkey: Prenatal Adaptation, Postpartum Adaptation, and Newborn Perceptions.
75  nitrogen pyramidal inversion
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Stereodynamics of nitrogen chiral centers in aza-beta3-cyclodipeptides.
76  no-partner-initiated
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
aRR (1 time)
ES (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2018 Differences in Partner Services Outcomes for Men Who Have Sex With Men Diagnosed With Primary and Secondary Syphilis by HIV Serostatus.
77  Nodal Point Integration
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CED (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2014 Modelling convection-enhanced delivery in normal and oedematous brain.
78  non pragmatically impaired
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
LI (1 time)
LN (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2001 Comprehension of inferential meaning in language-impaired and language normal children.
79  non-injured perichondrium
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BPI (1 time)
UPI (1 time)
2014 Regenerative and proliferative activities of chondrocyte based on the degree of perichondrial injury in rabbit auricular cartilage.
80  non-neoplastic counterparts
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
LMP (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2004 Amino acid changes in functional domains of latent membrane protein 1 of Epstein-Barr virus in nasopharyngeal carcinoma of southern China and Taiwan: prevalence of an HLA A2-restricted 'epitope-loss variant'.
81  non-performance index
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
NMC (1 time)
2000 Determining the artifact sensitivity of recent pulse oximeters during laboratory benchmarking.
82  non-power-injectable
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
TIVADs (1 time)
2018 Randomized Clinical Trial Evaluating Complications and Complication-Related Removal of Arm-Situated Power-Injectable and Non-Power-Injectable Totally Implanted Venous Access Devices among Cancer Patients.
83  Non-preventable but care could have been improved
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ISS (1 time)
NP (1 time)
OFI (1 time)
2017 Learning from 2523 trauma deaths in India- opportunities to prevent in-hospital deaths.
84  non-progressive infarction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DWI (1 time)
LSA (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2011 Initial MRI findings predict progressive lacunar infarction in the territory of the lenticulostriate artery.
85  non-protease inhibitor regimen
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Clinical laboratory assessment of hepatitis C and HIV coinfected patients according to the antiretroviral therapy received.
86  non-reactive iron superoxide nanoparticles
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DCF (1 time)
DVI (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2011 Degradation of diclofenac in water by homogeneous and heterogeneous sonolysis.
87  nonparental infanticide
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Male reproductive strategy explains spatiotemporal segregation in brown bears.
88  nonplanning impulsivity
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ANSB (1 time)
BART (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
2016 Impulsivity, Sensation Seeking, and Risk-Taking Behaviors among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Heroin Dependent Persons.
89  norm-preserving interpolation
(1 time)
TDC (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of the Time-Derivative Coupling for Accurate Electronic State Transition Probabilities from Numerical Simulations.
90  normal protein intake
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
HPI (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2016 Dietary protein intake in sarcopenic obese older women.
91  Normal-PI
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RDA (1 time)
2012 Treatment of metabolic syndrome by combination of physical activity and diet needs an optimal protein intake: a randomized controlled trial.
92  normalized prognostic index
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
CESC (1 time)
2018 A Comprehensive RNA Expression Signature for Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma Prognosis.
93  North Patagonian Icefield
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CRN (1 time)
LGM (1 time)
PIS (1 time)
2013 Rapid thinning of the Late Pleistocene Patagonian Ice Sheet followed migration of the Southern Westerlies.
94  Northern Plains Indians
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AI/AN (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2018 Psychometric evaluation of depression measures with Northern Plains Indians.
95  nosocomial pneumococcal infections
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2007 Antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic characteristics of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates indicating possible nosocomial transmission routes in a community hospital in Japan.
96  noun phrase identification
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CDA (1 time)
HL7 (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2005 Improved identification of noun phrases in clinical radiology reports using a high-performance statistical natural language parser augmented with the UMLS specialist lexicon.
97  NP index
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
UAVP (1 time)
UCr (1 time)
2007 Cutoff value of urinary arginine vasopressin for nocturnal polyuria in elderly men.
98  NPD than did the PNI Grandiose dimension
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
NPD (1 time)
PNI (1 time)
2017 A passionate call for dispassionate conclusion: Comment on Fossati et al. (2016).
99  NPI and RMBPC items were scored according to syndromal classifications
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CR (1 time)
RMBPC (1 time)
2013 Neuropsychiatric symptom clusters of Alzheimer disease in Hong Kong Chinese: correlates with caregiver burden and depression.
100  NPI-Diary
(1 time)
Dementia
(1 time)
NPI-Diary (1 time)
NPI-NH (1 time)
2018 The Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Diary Rating Scale (NPI-Diary): A Method for Improving Stability in Assessing Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Dementia.