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Abbreviation: NPI
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Long forms: 143

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Neuropsychiatric Inventory
(993 times)
Geriatrics
(412 times)
AD (411 times)
MMSE (274 times)
BPSD (142 times)
1994 The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia.
Nottingham Prognostic Index
(234 times)
Neoplasms
(129 times)
ER (30 times)
OS (21 times)
PR (19 times)
1994 The Nottingham Prognostic Index applied to 9,149 patients from the studies of the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group (DBCG).
non-pharmaceutical interventions
(93 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
COVID-19 (6 times)
ICU (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2006 Factors associated with the use of complementary medicine and non-pharmacological interventions in symptomatic menopausal women.
Narcissistic Personality Inventory
(69 times)
Psychology
(46 times)
NPD (10 times)
PNI (9 times)
HSNS (4 times)
1984 Validation of two scales for narcissistic personality disorder.
National Provider Identifier
(32 times)
Jurisprudence
(5 times)
AMA (2 times)
CMS (2 times)
DEA (2 times)
2004 HIPAA administrative simplification: standard unique health identifier for health care providers. Final rule.
neonatal porcine islet
(23 times)
Transplantation
(16 times)
mAbs (3 times)
IL (2 times)
LFA-1 (2 times)
2000 Microencapsulation of neonatal porcine islets: protection from human antibody/complement-mediated cytolysis in vitro and long-term reversal of diabetes in nude mice.
Nemerow pollution index
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
Cr (5 times)
CD (4 times)
mCd (3 times)
2016 [Impact of liver cancer deaths on life expectancy in 14 counties (districts) from the Huai River Basin, 2013: relationship between the water environment and liver cancer].
National Programme on Immunization
(11 times)
Hospitals
(3 times)
EPI (3 times)
ORT (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
1996 Motivating consumers for National Programme on Immunization (NPI) and Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in Nigeria.
neuropsychological impairment
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ANMDARE (1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2004 CCR2 polymorphisms affect neuropsychological impairment in HIV-1-infected adults.
10  Norwich Patellar Instability
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
BPII (3 times)
CI (2 times)
FTPD (2 times)
2013 The development, validation and internal consistency of the Norwich Patellar Instability (NPI) score.
11  negative polarity item
(8 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
FC (1 time)
NC (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2005 Diagnosis and repair of negative polarity constructions in the light of symbolic resonance analysis.
12  Neuropsychiatric Index
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (5 times)
ADAS-Cog (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2011 Changes in cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study with the Chinese herbal medicine fuzhisan.
13  neuropsychiatric symptoms
(8 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
AD (3 times)
NMSS (2 times)
QoL (2 times)
2009 Does cognitive impairment influence burden in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease?
14  Neonatal Perception Inventory
(7 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
AAI (1 time)
BNBAS (1 time)
EPDS (1 time)
1976 Evaluation of televised anticipatory guidance to primiparae.
15  nitrate pollution index
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DWQI (1 time)
EC (1 time)
EWQI (1 time)
2020 Temporal and spatial assessment of groundwater contamination with nitrate by nitrate pollution index (NPI) and GIS (case study: Fasarud Plain, southern Iran).
16  nonperfusion index
(7 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
DR (5 times)
NPDR (4 times)
UWF (4 times)
2015 Diabetic Retinopathy Severity and Peripheral Lesions Are Associated with Nonperfusion on Ultrawide Field Angiography.
17  nasopharyngeal intubation
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
RS (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
2001 Clinical experience with infants with Robin sequence: a prospective study.
18  nonprimary infection
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
cCMV (3 times)
PI (3 times)
CMV (2 times)
2015 Primary Versus Nonprimary West Nile Virus Infection: A Cohort Study.
19  Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
Abeta1-42 (1 time)
ACE-R (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: a cross-sectional descriptive study in Thailand.
20  nasal patency index
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
nPF (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1978 Measurement of nasal patency using a Vitalograph.
21  National Pollutant Inventory
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CMSS (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2003 Roles of land use resolution and unit-area load rates in assessment of diffuse nutrient emissions.
22  near-infrared perfusion index
(4 times)
Perioperative Care
(1 time)
HSI (4 times)
THI (2 times)
TWI (2 times)
2021 Bedside hyperspectral imaging indicates a microcirculatory sepsis pattern - an observational study.
23  neck pain intensity
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CROM (2 times)
NDI (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2016 The Effectiveness of Cupping Therapy on Relieving Chronic Neck and Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
24  neurological pupil index
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ICP (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2017 [Influence of Propofol and Remifentanil on Pupillary Light Reflex Assessed by a Hand-held Point-and-shoot Pupillometer].
25  Neuropsychological Inventory
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
CDR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2005 The need for a consensus in the use of assessment tools for Alzheimer's disease: the Feasibility Study (assessment tools for dementia in Alzheimer Centres across Europe), a European Alzheimer's Disease Consortium's (EADC) survey.
26  nurse-patient interaction
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NPR (2 times)
NH (1 time)
OSCE (1 time)
1990 Research on nurse-patient relationships: problems of theory, problems of practice.
27  nutrient pollution index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WQI (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CWs (1 time)
2017 Macrophyte Community Response to Nitrogen Loading and Thermal Stressors in Rapidly Flushed Mesocosm Systems.
28  nutritional prognostic index
(4 times)
Aging
(1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CONUT (1 time)
1996 Acute exacerbations in patients with COPD: predictors of need for mechanical ventilation.
29  naphthalimide
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
BTD (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2016 A D-pi-A1-pi-A2 push-pull small molecule donor for solution processed bulk heterojunction organic solar cells.
30  negative pressure irrigation
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IPN (1 time)
PCD (1 time)
2016 Negative pressure irrigation and endoscopic necrosectomy through man-made sinus tract in infected necrotizing pancreatitis: a technical report.
31  Neuropsychiatric Interview
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NBRS (1 time)
PwD (1 time)
2005 [Self-evaluation of physical, cognitive and mood symptoms in a cohort of traumatic and vascular brain injury patients participating in social and neuropsychological remediation programmes].
32  neutrophil phagocytosis index
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
EN (2 times)
Gln (2 times)
aa (1 time)
2006 Glutamine granule-supplemented enteral nutrition maintains immunological function in severely burned patients.
33  new prognostic index
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
DLBCL (1 time)
2013 Novel and simple prognostic index for nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma.
34  non-Pacinian I
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 The effects of a surround on vibrotactile thresholds: evidence for spatial and temporal independence in the non-Pacinian I (NPI) channel.
35  non-planning impulsiveness
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BIS-11 (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2011 Relationship of relapse with impulsivity, novelty seeking and craving in male alcohol-dependent inpatients.
36  Northern Patagonian Icefield
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
LGM (2 times)
CRN (1 time)
DSLs (1 time)
2013 Rapid thinning of the Late Pleistocene Patagonian Ice Sheet followed migration of the Southern Westerlies.
37  NP index
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
NP (3 times)
ODTs (1 time)
UAVP (1 time)
2007 Cutoff value of urinary arginine vasopressin for nocturnal polyuria in elderly men.
38  nuclear pseudoinclusions
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
HTT (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1987 [An electron microscopic study of malignant giant cell tumor of bone].
39  1,8-naphthalimide
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PL (1 time)
2018 1,8-Naphthalimide-Substituted BODIPY Dyads: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Live-Cell Imaging.
40  Nakagami parametric index
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2022 Hepatic Steatosis Assessment as a New Strategy for the Metabolic and Nutritional Management of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.
41  nasopharyngitis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NPC (2 times)
EBER (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2012 Aberrant activation of hedgehog pathway in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
42  negative pressure therapy with irrigation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SPP (1 time)
2011 Negative pressure therapy with irrigation for an infected digit: a preliminary report.
43  neonatal ponderal index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FGR (1 time)
IDF (1 time)
1997 Different postnatal growth between disproportionate and proportionate fetal growth retardation at term.
44  neurophysin I
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
AVPR1A (1 time)
Avpr1b (1 time)
1999 Essential dynamics/factor analysis for the interpretation of molecular dynamics trajectories.
45  neuropsychiatric impairment
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HAD (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
OIs (1 time)
2004 Elevated expression of IFN-gamma in the HIV-1 infected brain.
46  non-pain inducing
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EAP (2 times)
2017 Commensal bacterial modulation of the host immune response to ameliorate pain in a murine model of chronic prostatitis.
47  non-pharmaceutical
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NOHAN (1 time)
PI (1 time)
RSV (1 time)
2021 The Tipping Effect of Delayed Interventions on the Evolution of COVID-19 Incidence.
48  non-PI
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2006 Leukocyte profile of cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus.
49  nonparametric predictive inference
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
LOD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2010 Nonparametric predictive inference for exposure assessment.
50  normal ponderal index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LPI (2 times)
IUGR (1 time)
1992 [Stereological study of the placentae in intrauterine growth retardation with different ponderal index].
51  North Pacific Index
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
PDO (2 times)
ALPI (1 time)
AO (1 time)
2002 Annual adult survival of Least Auklets (Aves, Alcidae) varies with large-scale climatic conditions of the North Pacific Ocean.
52  Northern Plains Indian
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AI/AN (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2018 Psychometric evaluation of depression measures with Northern Plains Indians.
53  nosocomial pulmonary infection
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2000 Nosocomial pulmonary infection by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria of patients hospitalized in intensive care units: risk factors and survival.
54  Number of Physicians Index
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
UPC (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2014 The impact of hospitalist discontinuity on hospital cost, readmissions, and patient satisfaction.
55  Nutrient Profile Index
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 Changes in the nutritional quality of fast-food items marketed at restaurants, 2010 v. 2013.
56  2-(4-nitrophenyl)-1H-indole
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Light-triggered elimination of CO2 and absorption of O2 (artificial breathing reaction) in photolysis of 2-(4-nitrophenyl)-1H-indole derivatives.
57  behavioral-Neuropsychiatric Inventory Scale
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DAT (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2021 Impact of Dog-Assisted Therapy for Institutionalized Patients With Dementia: A Controlled Clinical Trial.
58  different pre-information conditions given in a graphical chart: no pre-information
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BFD (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
FPI (1 time)
2014 Correct, fake and absent pre-information does not affect the occurrence and magnitude of the bilateral force deficit.
59  N(4)-((E)-2-phenylethylidene)
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
NHPM (1 time)
NPPI (1 time)
2011 Anti-tumor Activity of N [(E)-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl) Methylidene], N-[(E)-2-Phenylethylidene], N [(E,2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenylidene], and N [(E)ethylidene] Isonicotinohydrazide on K562 and Jurkat Cell Lines.
60  n-partite information
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
PCC (1 time)
2020 The Design of Global Correlation Quantifiers and Continuous Notions of Statistical Sufficiency.
61  nail plate impairment
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
NBT (1 time)
NPT (1 time)
2021 A standardized sonographic analysis of nails in psoriatic arthritis and healthy controls: Feasibility, reliability, diagnostic performance, and demographic and clinical associations.
62  naive-to-primed intermediate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hPSCs (1 time)
2019 Lipid Deprivation Induces a Stable, Naive-to-Primed Intermediate State of Pluripotency in Human PSCs.
63  Nakagami parametric imaging
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FV (1 time)
TMCs (1 time)
VFR (1 time)
2013 Flow quantification with nakagami parametric imaging for suppressing contrast microbubbles attenuation.
64  nalbuphine pivalate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
NDE (1 time)
2003 Biodegradable polymeric microspheres for nalbuphine prodrug controlled delivery: in vitro characterization and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies.
65  nano-precursor inhibiting material
(1 time)
--- 2021 Novel Nano-Precursor Inhibiting Material for Improving Chloride Penetration Resistance of Concrete: Evaluation and Mechanism.
66  naphthalene polyimide derivative
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SIBs (1 time)
2022 Graphene-Supported Naphthalene-Based Polyimide Composite as a High-Performance Sodium Storage Cathode.
67  naphthalimide-based probe
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
DHBCs (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
RhB (1 time)
2020 Ratiometric Fluorescent Mapping of pH and Glutathione Dictates Intracellular Transport Pathways of Micellar Nanoparticles.
68  nasopharyngeal chronic inflammation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NPC (1 time)
Pim-1 (1 time)
2019 Epstein-Barr virus-encoded LMP1 regulated Pim1 kinase expression promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells proliferation.
69  nasopharyngeal inlet
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FOL (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
2013 The morphology of the nasopharyngeal inlet in obstructive sleep apnea.
70  National Prescribing Indicator
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
DDDs (1 time)
PUs (1 time)
2016 A change in the trend in dosulepin usage following the introduction of a prescribing indicator but not after two national safety warnings.
71  National Provider Index
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
LLR (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2018 Precision of provider licensure data for mapping member accessibility to Medicaid managed care provider networks.
72  near-peer instructors
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2017 Students as anatomy near-peer teachers: a double-edged sword for an ancient skill.
73  Necesidades de salud de la Poblacion Infantil
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
2020 A Reliable and Valid Parent Self-Report Tool to Assess Children's Global Health Needs.
74  Neck Pain Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PDCT (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2019 Percutaneous plasma laser disc coagulation and navigable ablation decompression in the treatment of cervical disc herniation: a single center experience
75  needle penetration injury
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
TR (1 time)
2019 ApoE4 Exacerbates Hippocampal Pathology Following Acute Brain Penetration Injury in Female Mice.
76  negative correlation was found between the amount of plaque
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1982 Periodontal healing following open debridement flap procedures. I. Clinical assessment of soft tissue and osseous repair.
77  negative personal impact
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BASC (1 time)
2005 Development of a brief assessment scale for caregivers of the medically ill.
78  negative predictive index
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
mAPI (1 time)
PIAMA (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2021 Retrospective Cross-sectional Analysis of Factors Associated with Asthma in a Pediatric Cohort from Turkey.
79  Negative pressure intrusion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2000 Negative pressure intrusion cementing technique for total knee arthroplasty.
80  negative pressure intrusion technique
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOI (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2016 Intrusion Characteristics of High Viscosity Bone Cements for the Tibial Component of a Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Negative Pressure Intrusion Cementing Technique.
81  negative professional identity
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
RAR (1 time)
2019 Reliability and validity of the Persian version of readiness for inter-professional learning scale.
82  neglected parasite infection
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LAMP (1 time)
NTDs (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2020 Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification as Point-of-Care Diagnosis for Neglected Parasitic Infections.
83  Neighbor Preference Index
(1 time)
Informatics
(1 time)
NPIs (1 time)
2016 Similar compounds versus similar conformers: complementarity between PubChem 2-D and 3-D neighboring sets.
84  Nemerow synthetic pollution index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Driving forces of heavy metal changes in agricultural soils in a typical manufacturing center.
85  Neonatal Perception Index
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NICU (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2007 Parental Perception of Neonates, Parental Stress and Education for NICU Parents.
86  neonatal pig islets
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CD4 (1 time)
CD8 (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2020 Neonatal Pig Sertoli Cells Survive Xenotransplantation by Creating an Immune Modulatory Environment Involving CD4 and CD8 Regulatory T Cells.
87  Neonatal pig pancreatic islets
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2006 Long-term cultured neonatal porcine islet cell monolayers: a potential tissue source for transplant in diabetes.
88  neopterin
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
FPT (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2012 [Effects of fuzheng paidu tablet on tumor necrosis factor-alpha and neopterin of thirty-two asymptomatic HIV carriers].
89  Nerveana Power Index
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ETT (1 time)
RLN (1 time)
2019 Recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring with surface electrodes in pediatric thyroid surgery.
90  net positive impact
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 Three ways to deliver a net positive impact with biodiversity offsets.
91  net protein intake
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2009 Summer dietary nitrogen availability as a potential bottom-up constraint on moose in south-central Alaska.
92  neuronal pentraxin
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NPII (1 time)
1995 Human neuronal pentraxin II (NPTX2): conservation, genomic structure, and chromosomal localization.
93  Neuropathic Pain index
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
ALCAR (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2014 Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma treated with bortezomib, doxorubicin and low-dose dexamethasone: a study from the Wisconsin Oncology Network.
94  Neuropsychiatric Inventory-apathy subscale
(1 time)
Neuropsychology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2020 Investigation of Factors Affecting Apathy in Three Major Types of Dementia.
95  Neuropsychiatric Inventory-carer distress version
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Premorbid personality traits are associated with post-stroke behavioral and psychological symptoms: a three-month follow-up study in Perth, Western Australia.
96  neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
QoL (1 time)
SCU (1 time)
SHA (1 time)
2012 Health outcomes and quality of life of residents of shared-housing arrangements compared to residents of special care units - results of the Berlin DeWeGE-study.
97  neutrophils/impression
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
OcMMP (1 time)
OSIC (1 time)
2016 Conjunctival Neutrophils Predict Progressive Scarring in Ocular Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid.
98  new patient index
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1980 Geriatric day hospitals: practice and planning.
99  new type of personality inventory
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Investigation of the concurrent validity of a new personality inventory: construction of a new personality inventory by means of factor analysis based on promax rotation (II)].
100  Newborn Perception Scale
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
PPSEQ (1 time)
PSEQ (1 time)
2017 Antenatal Education on Pregnant Adolescents in Turkey: Prenatal Adaptation, Postpartum Adaptation, and Newborn Perceptions.