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Abbreviation: NPs
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Long forms: 308

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
nanoparticles
(13659 times)
Chemistry
(3019 times)
TEM (605 times)
PLGA (453 times)
XRD (397 times)
1993 Formation and characterization of cyclosporine-loaded nanoparticles.
nurse practitioners
(1106 times)
Nursing
(547 times)
PAs (203 times)
PCPs (22 times)
ED (21 times)
1977 Cost factors in urban telemedicine.
natriuretic peptides
(318 times)
Cardiology
(85 times)
BNP (81 times)
ANP (54 times)
HF (47 times)
1995 Renal effects of high-dose natriuretic peptide receptor blockade in rats with congestive heart failure.
natural products
(187 times)
Chemistry
(47 times)
BGCs (14 times)
NRPS (5 times)
PKS (5 times)
2006 Strategies for efficient lead structure discovery from natural products.
nasal polyps
(144 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(70 times)
CRS (46 times)
CRSwNP (26 times)
IL (16 times)
1997 Interferon gamma expression in human nasal polyps.
neuritic plaques
(61 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
NFTs (46 times)
AD (45 times)
DPs (5 times)
1988 Differential sensitivity of the microtubule-associated protein, tau, in Alzheimer's disease tissue to formalin fixation.
neural progenitors
(52 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
hESCs (7 times)
NSCs (6 times)
ESCs (5 times)
2006 Uniform adherent neural progenitor populations from rhesus embryonic stem cells.
nanoplastics
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
MPs (12 times)
PS (4 times)
PS NPs (4 times)
2018 Effects of inorganic ions and natural organic matter on the aggregation of nanoplastics.
nonylphenols
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
PAHs (8 times)
PCBs (5 times)
PEs (5 times)
1999 Testicular abnormalities in male rats after lactational exposure to nonylphenols.
10  neural precursors
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
hESCs (6 times)
SVZ (6 times)
CNS (4 times)
2001 Neuregulin signaling regulates neural precursor growth and the generation of oligodendrocytes in vitro.
11  noun phrases
(27 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
APs (1 time)
AVHs (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
1995 Training sentence production in agrammatism: implications for normal and disordered language.
12  nanoplates
(26 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
TEM (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
NCs (2 times)
2013 Bioactive coronary stent coating based on layer-by-layer technology for siRNA release.
13  neuropeptides
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SP (7 times)
NPY (5 times)
CGRP (4 times)
1995 Neuropeptides in the adrenal gland: distribution, localization of receptors, and effects on steroid hormone synthesis.
14  nitrophenols
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
4-NP (4 times)
2-NP (3 times)
CPs (3 times)
2002 Hydrogen peroxide photolysis, fenton reagent and photo-fenton for the degradation of nitrophenols: a comparative study.
15  nucleoproteins
(23 times)
Virology
(8 times)
IFN (4 times)
dsRNA (3 times)
PICV (3 times)
1984 Nucleoproteins of animal influenza viruses, in contrast to those of human strains, are not cleaved in infected cells.
16  nm Pd nanoparticles
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
SEM (2 times)
bcc (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 High-energy excitations in silicon nanoparticles.
17  nanoscale particles
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BSA (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
SGA (2 times)
2009 Biologic nanoparticles and platelet reactivity.
18  nitrophorins
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
NO (2 times)
EPR (1 time)
GSSG (1 time)
2005 Nitrophorin synthesis is modulated by protein kinase CK2.
19  PLGA-nanoparticles
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
CBMN (2 times)
AOPs (1 time)
APCs (1 time)
2009 Broadband antireflective poly-Si nanosponge for thin film solar cells.
20  nanopillars
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
GaOOH (2 times)
TJ (2 times)
AAO (1 time)
2011 Selective homoepitaxial growth and luminescent properties of ZnO nanopillars.
21  nanophosphors
(15 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
DC (2 times)
HSCs (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
2011 Fluorine-18-labeled Gd3+/Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped NaYF4 nanophosphors for multimodality PET/MR/UCL imaging.
22  Nonylphenols
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
BPA (2 times)
EDCs (2 times)
NPEs (2 times)
2002 Toxicity of 4-nonylphenol in spiked sediment to three populations of Chironomus riparius.
23  nanoprobes
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
PTT (2 times)
SERS (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
2010 Biocompatibility and biodistribution of surface-enhanced Raman scattering nanoprobes in zebrafish embryos: in vivo and multiplex imaging.
24  nanoplatelets
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
SA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets.
25  neuron profiles
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DRGs (7 times)
CGRP (5 times)
DRG (4 times)
1997 Expression and regulation of the neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor in sensory and autonomic ganglia.
26  neuroprostanes
(11 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
DHA (4 times)
4-HNE (2 times)
AA (2 times)
2001 Brain regional quantification of F-ring and D-/E-ring isoprostanes and neuroprostanes in Alzheimer's disease.
27  nucleocapsid proteins
(11 times)
Virology
(8 times)
ELISA (3 times)
aa (2 times)
HFRS (2 times)
1990 Sequencing analyses and comparison of parainfluenza virus type 4A and 4B NP protein genes.
28  neurophysins
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OT (3 times)
VP (2 times)
ANF (1 time)
1980 Isolation and partial characterization of two human neurophysins: their use in the development of specific radioimmunoassays.
29  nanospheres
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PLA (2 times)
ADSCs (1 time)
Ang-1 (1 time)
2009 Functionalized nanospheres loaded with anti-angiogenic drugs: cellular uptake and angiosuppressive efficacy.
30  novel polymeric nanoparticles
(8 times)
Biomimetics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
BDP (1 time)
2014 Targeting the tumor-draining lymph node with adjuvanted nanoparticles reshapes the anti-tumor immune response.
31  nanopowders
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
CRM (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2008 Ecotoxicity of selected nano-materials to aquatic organisms.
32  Neuronal pentraxins
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
KO (2 times)
NP1 (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
2006 Neuronal pentraxins mediate synaptic refinement in the developing visual system.
33  nanomaterials, such as nanoparticles
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
ALAT (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
ASAT (1 time)
2013 Time-course effects of intravenously administrated silica nanoparticles on blood coagulation and endothelial function in rats.
34  nasal passages
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SMGs (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2007 Nasal cholera toxin elicits IL-5 and IL-5 receptor alpha-chain expressing B-1a B cells for innate mucosal IgA antibody responses.
35  Neuropeptides
(6 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CGRP (2 times)
SP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2009 Calcitonin gene-related peptide modulates interleukin-13 in circulating cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen-positive T cells in patients with atopic dermatitis.
36  nucleoside phosphorylases
(5 times)
Botany
(1 time)
aaNPs (1 time)
BSP (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2012 Influence of the nucleobase and anchimeric assistance of the carboxyl acid groups in the hydrolysis of amino acid nucleoside phosphoramidates.
37  nurse prescribers
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
PPs (2 times)
CPD (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2011 Managing self-limiting respiratory tract infections: a qualitative study of the usefulness of the delayed prescribing strategy.
38  loaded-nanoparticles
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
IONPs (1 time)
LAM (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
2015 The in vivo fate of nanoparticles and nanoparticle-loaded microcapsules after oral administration in mice: Evaluation of their potential for colon-specific delivery.
39  nanocomposites
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
OPPs (2 times)
aHRR (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2016 Zirconium(IV) functionalized magnetic nanocomposites for extraction of organophosphorus pesticides from environmental water samples.
40  nasal prongs
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ARF (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ETCO2 (1 time)
1999 Oxygen therapy during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
41  neuroparsins
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
IGFBPs (1 time)
IRPs (1 time)
1992 Isolation of a neuropeptide from locust corpus cardiacum which influences ileal transport.
42  neuropsychiatric symptoms
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2019 Role of physical activity in ameliorating neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer disease: A narrative review.
43  nutrient patterns
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CES-D (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DepS (1 time)
2019 Do patterns of nutrient intake predict self-reported anxiety, depression and psychological distress in adults? SEPAHAN study.
44  adjective-noun phrases
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ERP (1 time)
PWI (1 time)
2014 Inter-subject variability modulates phonological advance planning in the production of adjective-noun phrases.
45  nano-polyplexes
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
HA (1 time)
OCMCS (1 time)
2016 Nano-polyplex based on oleoyl-carboxymethy-chitosan (OCMCS) and hyaluronic acid for oral gene vaccine delivery.
46  nanoparticle delivery systems
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BTZ (1 time)
2014 Translocator protein ligand-PLGA conjugated nanoparticles for 5-fluorouracil delivery to glioma cancer cells.
47  nanopolymersomes
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
cHA, cNPs (1 time)
cPEMs (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2015 Stability and toxicity of empty or gene-loaded lipopolysaccharide-amine nanopolymersomes.
48  nanopyramids
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
AAO (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
PAM (1 time)
2011 n-InAs nanopyramids fully integrated into silicon.
49  National Parks
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CCCma (1 time)
GMAs (1 time)
IAS (1 time)
2002 Assessment of climate change effects on Canada's National Park system.
50  neural precursor cells
(3 times)
Spine
(1 time)
BHK (1 time)
ES (1 time)
mESCs (1 time)
2007 Suppression of kindling epileptogenesis by adenosine releasing stem cell-derived brain implants.
51  neuropsychologists
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SLPs (2 times)
FCD (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
2008 Collaboration between neuropsychologists and speech-language pathologists in rehabilitation settings.
52  neutral proteases
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FNP (1 time)
WT (1 time)
1993 Prediction and analysis of structure, stability and unfolding of thermolysin-like proteases.
53  nitropyrenes
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
HPLC (2 times)
ROS (1 time)
1986 Detection of 1-nitropyrene in yakitori (grilled chicken).
54  nm polystyrene nanoparticles
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
2009 Nanoparticle-based targeting of vaccine compounds to skin antigen-presenting cells by hair follicles and their transport in mice.
55  normal progressors
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CTL (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
LTNPs (1 time)
2004 Association of drug abuse with inhibition of HIV-1 immune responses: studies with long-term of HIV-1 non-progressors.
56  Noun Phrases
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
--- 1990 Syntactic distinctions in child language.
57  nutritive phagocytes
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BGE (1 time)
LLPs (1 time)
1993 Seasonal changes in testicular structure and localization of a sperm surface glycoprotein during spermatogenesis in sea urchins.
58  IR-NP, self-assembled nanoparticles
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
alpha-TOS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ETB (1 time)
2017 Photothermal and photodynamic activity of polymeric nanoparticles based on alpha-tocopheryl succinate-RAFT block copolymers conjugated to IR-780.
59  nano- and microparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
RDE (1 time)
2014 Sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin/chitosan nano- and microparticles and their physicochemical characteristics.
60  nano-plastic particles
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LCs (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
NAOP (1 time)
2019 Ecotoxicological effects on Scenedesmus obliquus and Danio rerio Co-exposed to polystyrene nano-plastic particles and natural acidic organic polymer.
61  nanocarriers, some nanoparticles
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Recent advances in protein and Peptide drug delivery: a special emphasis on polymeric nanoparticles.
62  nanometer-size particles
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2011 Key role of alkaline phosphatase in the development of human-derived nanoparticles in vitro.
63  nanopharmaceuticals
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
2014 Continuous and sustainable granulation of nanopharmaceuticals by spray coagulation encapsulation in alginate.
64  nanoplatforms
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Gd (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
CDT (1 time)
2019 Multifunctional Thermosensitive Liposomes Based on Natural Phase-Change Material: Near-Infrared Light-Triggered Drug Release and Multimodal Imaging-Guided Cancer Combination Therapy.
65  nanopore arrays
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
PEC (2 times)
InP (1 time)
2016 InP nanopore arrays for photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation.
66  nanoproducts such as nanoparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
NRs (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2014 A multifunctional amphiphilic polymer as a platform for surface-functionalizing metallic and other inorganic nanostructures.
67  natriuretic peptide hormones
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AtPNP-A (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
CgA (1 time)
2003 Natriuretic peptides--a class of heterologous molecules in plants.
68  natural polymers
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
DRT (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of swelling processes of various natural polymer matrix tablets by X-ray computed tomography and controlled drug release.
69  necrophylactic periderms
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
RZs (1 time)
2007 The Histology of Hybrid Poplar Clones Inoculated with Septoria musiva.
70  nephron progenitors
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
CFK (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2019 Simple 3D culture of dissociated kidney mesenchyme mimics nephron progenitor niche and facilitates nephrogenesis Wnt-independently.
71  neural pathways
(2 times)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
(1 time)
BPTs (1 time)
DA (1 time)
LHb (1 time)
2013 Dopamine system: manager of neural pathways.
72  neural progenitor cells
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2006 Chemokines regulate the migration of neural progenitors to sites of neuroinflammation.
73  Neural prostheses
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2001 Neural prostheses.
74  neurologists/psychiatrists
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
2015 Risk of Long-Term Care Dependence for Dementia Patients is Associated with Type of Physician: An Analysis of German Health Claims Data for the Years 2006 to 2010.
75  Neuropilins
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SEMAs (1 time)
2009 Neuropilins, semaphorins, and their role in thymocyte development.
76  new primaries
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TRs (2 times)
BCT (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2010 True local recurrence rate in the conserved breast after magnetic resonance imaging-targeted radiotherapy.
77  Ni@Ir core-shell nanoparticles
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
TOF (1 time)
2014 One-step sonochemical syntheses of Ni@Pt core-shell nanoparticles with controlled shape and shell thickness for fuel cell electrocatalyst.
78  nm Pd-Cu alloy nanoparticles
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
acac (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OAm (1 time)
2011 A facile one-pot synthesis and enhanced formic acid oxidation of monodisperse Pd-Cu nanocatalysts.
79  non-polarized surfaces
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
Ns (1 time)
Ps (1 time)
2017 Fabrication of Biocompatible Potassium Sodium Niobate Piezoelectric Ceramic as an Electroactive Implant.
80  nonprogressors
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
RPs (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2001 Validation of genetic case-control studies in AIDS and application to the CX3CR1 polymorphism.
81  normal pituitaries
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AVPRs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2009 Expression analysis of dopamine receptor subtypes in normal human pituitaries, nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas and somatotropinomas, and the association between dopamine and somatostatin receptors with clinical response to octreotide-LAR in acromegaly.
82  nuclear protrusions
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FISH (1 time)
FND (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1998 Nuclear protrusions in cells from cytologic specimens. Mechanisms of formation.
83  nucleotide polymorphisms
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2006 A SYBR green-based real-time PCR method for detection of haemopoietic chimerism in allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.
84  Nucleus Pulposus cells
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
PL (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2017 Construction and assessment of bio-engineered intervertebral discs.
85  nursing procedures
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
DO2 (1 time)
2014 [Pain perception of nurses and pain expression of patients in critical care units].
86  (1-Naphthalenyl(4-(pentyloxy)-1-naphthalenyl)methanone)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Cannabinoid derivate-loaded PLGA nanocarriers for oral administration: formulation, characterization, and cytotoxicity studies.
87  10-nm-sized Au nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Au nanoparticle/DNA rotaxane hybrid nanostructures exhibiting switchable fluorescence properties.
88  100-nm-diameter SiO2 nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SLBs (1 time)
2015 Exploiting Conjugated Polyelectrolyte Photophysics toward Monitoring Real-Time Lipid Membrane-Surface Interaction Dynamics at the Single-Particle Level.
89  40-nm silica-gold nanoparticles
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
SPCs (1 time)
TAV (1 time)
2012 Plasmonic photothermic and stem cell therapy of atherosclerotic plaque as a novel nanotool for angioplasty and artery remodeling.
90  anodization-nanopores
(1 time)
gum (1 time)
hBM-MSCs (1 time)
HGFs (1 time)
2019 Oriented Cell Alignment Induced by a Nanostructured Titanium Surface Enhances Expression of Cell Differentiation Markers.
91  coated-PLGA-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2020 Quantification and Evaluations of Catechin Hydrate Polymeric Nanoparticles Used in Brain Targeting for the Treatment of Epilepsy.
92  Developed-Nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
BUD (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2020 A comparative pulmonary pharmacokinetic study of budesonide using polymeric nanoparticles targeted to the lungs in treatment of asthma.
93  Dox-NPs
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Apt (1 time)
Apt-NPs (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2017 In vitro and in vivo evaluation of anti-nucleolin-targeted magnetic PLGA nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin as a theranostic agent for enhanced targeted cancer imaging and therapy.
94  electro-neutral surfaces of nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 2016 Core-shell stability of nanoparticles plays an important role for overcoming the intestinal mucus and epithelium barrier.
95  FA-DM1-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Enhanced anticancer activity of DM1-loaded star-shaped folate-core PLA-TPGS nanoparticles.
96  folate-modified-chitosan-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
--- 2017 Fabrication and study of curcumin loaded nanoparticles based on folate-chitosan for breast cancer therapy application.
97  GPC1-GEM-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
GEM (1 time)
NIRF (1 time)
2019 A GPC1-targeted and gemcitabine-loaded biocompatible nanoplatform for pancreatic cancer multimodal imaging and therapy.
98  hetero-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
UC (1 time)
2010 Superparamagnetic and upconversion emitting Fe3O4/NaYF4:Yb,Er hetero-nanoparticles via a crosslinker anchoring strategy.
99  immuno-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
DR5 mAb (1 time)
2016 DR5 mAb-conjugated, DTIC-loaded immuno-nanoparticles effectively and specifically kill malignant melanoma cells in vivo.
100  microelement-nanoparticles
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2016 Bacterial polysaccharide levan as stabilizing, non-toxic and functional coating material for microelement-nanoparticles.