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Abbreviation: NRS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
numeric rating scale
(2360 times)
Neurology
(475 times)
VAS (178 times)
ODI (157 times)
CI (102 times)
0 Liposomal Bupivacaine Use in Third Molar Impaction Surgery: INNOVATE Study.
normal rabbit serum
(163 times)
Endocrinology
(36 times)
GH (11 times)
PRL (9 times)
APS (6 times)
1969 Effect of antilymphocyte serum on animals experimentally infected with Histoplasma capsulatum or Cryptococcus neoformans.
Nutritional Risk Screening
(65 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
SGA (13 times)
BMI (11 times)
MNA (10 times)
2005 Comparison of the Mini Nutritional Assessment, Subjective Global Assessment, and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS 2002) for nutritional screening and assessment in geriatric hospital patients.
non-randomized studies
(46 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
RCTs (30 times)
CI (7 times)
CENTRAL (6 times)
2003 Assessing the methodological quality of nonrandomized intervention studies.
nonrestorative sleep
(36 times)
Psychophysiology
(16 times)
DIS (10 times)
EMA (9 times)
DMS (7 times)
2001 What are the contributing factors for insomnia in the general population?
negative regulator of splicing
(25 times)
Virology
(13 times)
RSV (7 times)
SR (4 times)
snRNPs (3 times)
1988 Regulation of Rous sarcoma virus RNA splicing and stability.
nutritional risk score
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
MST (2 times)
2004 A comparison of nutritional screening tools in the prediction of post-operative infectious and wound complications in the elderly patients undergoing abdominal operations.
neurologic rating scale
(19 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
EDSS (10 times)
MS (7 times)
MRI (3 times)
1984 A neurologic rating scale (NRS) for use in multiple sclerosis.
Neurobehavioral Rating Scale
(16 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
TBI (6 times)
DRS (5 times)
FIM (4 times)
1990 The Neurobehavioral Rating Scale: an interrater reliability study in the HIV seropositive population.
10  noninvasive respiratory support
(16 times)
Perinatology
(4 times)
CPAP (4 times)
BPD (3 times)
HFNC (3 times)
2010 Noninvasive respiratory support in the perioperative period.
11  Numeric Rating Scale for pain
(16 times)
Chiropractic
(6 times)
LBP (3 times)
ODI (3 times)
CFNB (2 times)
2009 Outcome of pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain treated according to a diagnosis-based decision rule: a prospective observational cohort study.
12  normal Raman spectrum
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
SERS (9 times)
DFT (5 times)
CT (4 times)
2001 Reaction of metallotetraphenylporphyrins on hydroxyl-modified silver colloid and Ag2O colloid by surface-enhanced Raman scattering.
13  napkin-ring sign
(10 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CCTA (5 times)
LAP (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2012 Histopathological correlates of the napkin-ring sign plaque in coronary CT angiography.
14  non-routine medical supply
(9 times)
Jurisprudence
(9 times)
HH PPS (9 times)
HHVBP (5 times)
HHAs (4 times)
2009 Medicare program; home health prospective payment system; rate update for calendar year 2010. Final rule.
15  National Roadside Survey
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
BACs (2 times)
FARS (2 times)
AQIS (1 time)
1990 Occurrence of organochlorine residues in Australian meat.
16  Neuromuscular Recovery Scale
(8 times)
Physical Medicine
(6 times)
SCI (7 times)
AIS (2 times)
CIs (2 times)
2012 Assessment of functional improvement without compensation reduces variability of outcome measures after human spinal cord injury.
17  nonimmune rabbit serum
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AVP (2 times)
ET-1 (2 times)
IMCD (2 times)
1976 Suppression of tumor growth in strain 2 guinea pigs by xenogeneic antitumor antibody.
18  normal Raman scattering
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
SERS (5 times)
DFT (3 times)
CDDs (2 times)
2005 Surface-enhanced Raman scattering and polarized photoluminescence from catalytically grown CdSe nanobelts and sheets.
19  normal Raman spectroscopy
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
SERS (7 times)
DFT (3 times)
IR (2 times)
2002 Density functional theory and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy characterization of novel platinum drugs.
20  National Rosacea Society
(7 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
--- 2004 The nosology of rosacea.
21  numeric scale
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
VAS (3 times)
ICF (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2012 Fatigue severity of patients with idiopathic chronic fatigue compared to healthy subjects.
22  nerve root stimulation
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SCS (4 times)
DBS (3 times)
MCS (3 times)
1999 Lumbar and Sacral Nerve Root Stimulation (NRS) in the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Novel Anatomic Approach and Neuro Stimulation Technique.
23  nuclear resonance scattering
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
PBNAA (1 time)
Si-APD (1 time)
1983 Applications of nuclear technologies for in vivo elemental analysis.
24  National Rehabilitation Reporting System
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CIHI (1 time)
FIM (1 time)
RNL (1 time)
2005 Pain following spinal cord injury: the impact on community reintegration.
25  neighborhood rough set
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
2010 A method of tumor classification based on wavelet packet transforms and neighborhood rough set.
26  neuroleptic-naive, recent-onset schizophrenia
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
HC (2 times)
FD (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2008 Expanding the schizophrenia phenotype: a composite evaluation of neurodevelopmental markers.
27  neurologic recovery score
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
EP (2 times)
NC (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
1990 The effects of nicardipine given after 10-minutes complete global cerebral ischemia on neurologic recovery in dogs.
28  nitroso-R-salt
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Pd (1 time)
1971 Extraction with long-chain amines-V Colorimetric determination of cobalt with nitroso-R salt.
29  normal Ringer's solution
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
VFAs (3 times)
HCl (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2003 Effects of hydrochloric, acetic, butyric, and propionic acids on pathogenesis of ulcers in the nonglandular portion of the stomach of horses.
30  Numerical Rating Scale of pain intensity
(4 times)
Disease
(1 time)
PCS (2 times)
TSK (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
2015 The NeckPix(): development of an evaluation tool for assessing kinesiophobia in subjects with chronic neck pain.
31  national reference standard
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IMOS (1 time)
IP (1 time)
RWRS (1 time)
2014 IMOS National Reference Stations: a continental-wide physical, chemical and biological coastal observing system.
32  Neural-restrictive silencer
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
REST (2 times)
NRSF (1 time)
SCLIP (1 time)
1999 Neural restrictive silencer factor recruits mSin3 and histone deacetylase complex to repress neuron-specific target genes.
33  non-randomised controlled studies
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
RCTs (3 times)
LR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2006 Interventions in the alcohol server setting for preventing injuries.
34  non-reindeer herding Sami
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RS (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
2004 Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among Swedish Sami--a controlled cohort study.
35  Nonequilibrium response spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Wavelet analysis of nonequilibrium ionic currents in human heart sodium channel (hH1a).
36  nonresponsive
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HPA (1 time)
REL (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2001 Defense changes in stress nonresponsive subordinate males in a visible burrow system.
37  nuclear retention sequence
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
EGFP-L2 (1 time)
hnRNP (1 time)
NESs (1 time)
1996 The hnRNP C proteins contain a nuclear retention sequence that can override nuclear export signals.
38  numeric scales for pain and disability
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
FAOS (3 times)
MOXFQ (2 times)
SEFAS (2 times)
2017 Reliability, validity and responsiveness of the German self-reported foot and ankle score (SEFAS) in patients with foot or ankle surgery.
39  3-hydroxy-4-nitroso-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
NHE (1 time)
2013 A critical study of use of the Fe(II)/3-hydroxy-4-nitroso-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid complexes in the quantification of polyphenols in medicinal plants.
40  NADPH-regenerating system
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
HSD1 (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2004 Chromosomal aberrations in human lymphocytes exposed to the anticholinesterase pesticide isofenphos with mechanisms of leukemogenesis.
41  National Radon Survey
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
HRAs (1 time)
NRCS (1 time)
2007 The Castleisland Radon Survey-follow--up to the discovery of a house with extremely high radon concentrations in County Kerry (SW Ireland).
42  National Records of Scotland
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ICD-10 (1 time)
ISD (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2013 Use of record-linkage to handle non-response and improve alcohol consumption estimates in health survey data: a study protocol.
43  natural reference structures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2010 Natural reference structures in the human mandible: a systematic search in children with tantalum implants.
44  negative regulatory site
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
bGH (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
1992 Histone H3 transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is controlled by multiple cell cycle activation sites and a constitutive negative regulatory element.
45  negatively regulates splicing
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ALV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
nt (1 time)
1995 Two strong 5' splice sites and competing, suboptimal 3' splice sites involved in alternative splicing of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA.
46  net root stimulus
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 2008 Regulation of shoot branching patterns by the basal root system: towards a predictive model.
47  net-rearing system
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FRS (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2017 Effects of rearing systems on laying performance, egg quality, and serum biochemistry of Xianju chickens in summer.
48  neutral red staining
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
DME (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2001 [Observation of tinea unguium by neutral red staining].
49  non-randomised trials
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
BRCA1 (1 time)
BRCA2 (1 time)
2017 Restrictive versus liberal red blood cell transfusion strategies for people with haematological malignancies treated with intensive chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or both, with or without haematopoietic stem cell support.
50  non-reducing sugars
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AsA (1 time)
AWRC (1 time)
Car (1 time)
1996 Technological and chemical characters of bread prepared from irradiated wheat flour.
51  non-respiratory subtype
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
RS (2 times)
PA (1 time)
2015 Laboratory, clinical and therapeutic features of respiratory panic disorder subtype.
52  non-responsive subordinates
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
SRS (2 times)
Acb (1 time)
dlCPu (1 time)
1995 Effects of chronic social stress on tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA and protein levels.
53  non-rhizosphere soil
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
RS (2 times)
DOM (1 time)
DPs (1 time)
2016 Distributions and compositions of old and emerging flame retardants in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil in an e-waste contaminated area of South China.
54  nonright-sided
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TRS (2 times)
NINDS (1 time)
2004 Unilateral Angle II in functional lateralities.
55  normal rice starch
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
GAB (1 time)
2005 Functional properties of edible agar-based and starch-based films for food quality preservation.
56  normothermic reoxygenation system
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LMOs (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
2014 Cold storage of liver microorgans in ViaSpan and BG35 solutions: study of ammonia metabolism during normothermic reoxygenation.
57  northern Red Sea
(2 times)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
SST (1 time)
2015 The gill microbiota of invasive and indigenous Spondylus oysters from the Mediterranean Sea and northern Red Sea.
58  novel risk score
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2018 Development and validation of a novel risk score for the detection of insignificant prostate cancer in unscreened patient cohorts.
59  nuclear retention signal
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
NLS (2 times)
aa (1 time)
GR (1 time)
1996 Multiple nuclear localization signals in XPG nuclease.
60  numerical estimation scale
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2005 [Placebo-controlled blinded study of postoperative pain therapy with carprofen and levomethadone in dogs with fractures].
61  numerical rating visual analogue scale
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
IVD (1 time)
TTM (1 time)
1997 A pilot assessment of alternative methods of quantifying dental pain with particular reference to dentine hypersensitivity.
62  numerical scale
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 A qualitative study showing women's participation and empowerment in instrumental vaginal births.
63  endpoints-Numerical Rating Scale
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
VCF (1 time)
2019 Prospective and Multicenter Evaluation of Outcomes for Quality of Life and Activities of Daily Living for Balloon Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures: The EVOLVE Trial.
64  ENRs reminder system
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ENRs (1 time)
2016 Design of an Electronic Reminder System for Supporting the Integerity of Nursing Records.
65  interest.Non-randomized studies
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CCCG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2019 Lateral pararectal versus transrectal stoma placement for prevention of parastomal herniation.
66  levels-Numeric Pain Rating scale
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
NASS (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 A prospective randomized study to analyze the efficacy of balanced pre-emptive analgesia in spine surgery.
67  naive rabbit serum
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ATS (1 time)
1997 Modulation of behaviour and testosterone concentration in immunodepressed male laboratory mice (Mus musculus).
68  naive rabbits
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
RAI (1 time)
1988 The recovery of ureaplasmas from bovine embryos following in vitro exposure and ten washes.
69  nanofibrous scaffold
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
2014 A novel electrospun-aligned nanoyarn-reinforced nanofibrous scaffold for tendon tissue engineering.
70  nanomechanical resonance spectroscopy
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Nanomechanical resonance spectroscopy: a novel route to ultrasensitive label-free detection.
71  nasal respiratory surface
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1996 Magnetic resonance imaging in primary and secondary septorhinoplasty.
72  National Recovery Study
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 Expanding the reach of alcohol and other drug services: Prevalence and correlates of US adult engagement with online technology to address substance problems.
73  national reference sample
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 The development of a concise questionnaire designed to measure perceived outcomes on the issues of greatest importance to patients.
74  National Reference System
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
ALBK (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
SRM (1 time)
1991 Determination of serum cholesterol by isotope dilution mass spectrometry with a benchtop capillary gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer: comparison with the National Reference System's Definitive and Reference Methods.
75  National Rehabilitation System
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIHI-DAD (1 time)
OHIP (1 time)
2014 An administrative data algorithm to identify traumatic spinal cord injured patients: a validation study.
76  national reporting system
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2013 An evaluation of departmental radiation oncology incident reports: anticipating a national reporting system.
77  Nationwide Recreation Survey
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1986 Outdoor recreation participation across the lifespan: abandonment, continuity, or liberation?
78  native rice starch
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
IN (1 time)
2014 Protection of L. rhamnosus by spray-drying using two prebiotics colloids to enhance the viability.
79  Natural Reserve System
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
U.C (1 time)
2012 A Sanctuary for Science: The Hastings Natural History Reservation and the Origins of the University of California's Natural Reserve System.
80  Natural Resources Section
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
SCAP (1 time)
2017 Saving the Birds: Oliver L. Austin's Collaboration with Japanese Scientists in Revising Wildlife Policies in US-Occupied Japan, 1946-1950.
81  natural resources sustainability
(1 time)
EBS (1 time)
EPDs (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
2017 Aiding eco-labelling process and its implementation: Environmental Impact Assessment Methodology to define Product Category Rules for canned anchovies.
82  Natural rubber serum
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 Natural rubber serum that contains a special growth promoter for Bifidobacterium.
83  Nature Relatedness Scale
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2016 A randomized controlled trial for families with preschool children - promoting healthy eating and active playtime by connecting to nature.
84  Near red spectroscopy
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
P-MRS (1 time)
1991 Noninvasive measurements of activity-induced changes in muscle metabolism.
85  Necrosis reduction space
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
2015 Cardiac microvascular barrier function mediates the protection of Tongxinluo against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.
86  needle removable syringe
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
NNRIS (1 time)
2003 Deadspace: a potential error in concentration of medication during dilutional process in neonates.
87  negative regulatory sequence
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
1996 Negative transcriptional regulation of PH081 expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
88  negative reinforcing stimulus
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
BUS (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
2001 Use of negatively reinforcing electrical brain stimulation to detect conventional and nonconventional anxiolytics as well as an anxiogenic drug.
89  negative-reflected-shift
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
YIG (1 time)
2017 Magnetic control of Goos-Hanchen shifts in a yttrium-iron-garnet film.
90  neglected rhetorical strategy
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2002 A defense of the neglected rhetorical strategy (NRS).
91  neighborhood RS
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
LLE (1 time)
LLE-NRS (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2016 Locally linear embedding and neighborhood rough set-based gene selection for gene expression data classification.
92  neonatal rat serum
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ARS (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1984 In vitro characteristics of the lipid-filled interstitial cell associated with postnatal lung growth: evidence for fibroblast heterogeneity.
93  Nepalese rupees
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CPRs (1 time)
FUGs (1 time)
2006 Transaction costs and community-based natural resource management in Nepal.
94  nerve root sedimentation sign
(1 time)
LSS (1 time)
2018 Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: The Reliability, Sensitivity and Specificity of the Nerve Root Sedimentation Sign.
95  net root-derived stimulatory signal
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2011 Existing branches correlatively inhibit further branching in Trifolium repens: possible mechanisms.
96  neural repetition suppression
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
LMWT (1 time)
2010 Efficient learning produces spontaneous neural repetition suppression in prefrontal cortex.
97  Neurological Rehabilitation Score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FIM (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
2006 [Neurological Reha-Score. An instrument to measure outcome and expenditure of neurologic rehabilitation].
98  Neurological Score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2001 [Pentoxifylline: is it useful in multiple sclerosis?].
99  neurological success, pain assessment
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NDI (1 time)
SF-36 (1 time)
2015 Cervical total disc replacement is superior to anterior cervical decompression and fusion: a meta-analysis of prospective randomized controlled trials.
100  never or not recently screened
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
ESBC (1 time)
2018 Treatment Intensity Differences After Early-Stage Breast Cancer (ESBC) Diagnosis Depending on Participation in a Screening Program.