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Abbreviation: NS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
normal saline
(1510 times)
Medicine
(138 times)
HS (145 times)
MAP (67 times)
LPS (57 times)
1978 Regression pattern of amplitude of electrocardiographic waves during intravenous infusion in intact, buffer nerve denervated and spinal dogs.
nephrotic syndrome
(1306 times)
Nephrology
(577 times)
FSGS (148 times)
MCD (70 times)
SRNS (68 times)
1967 Pathology of nephrotic syndrome (NS).
nonstructural
(616 times)
Virology
(260 times)
HCV (188 times)
HA (32 times)
IFN (32 times)
1977 Assembly of viral membranes. I. Association of vesicular stomatitis virus membrane proteins and membranes in a cell-free system.
Noonan syndrome
(397 times)
Genetics, Medical
(133 times)
CFC (28 times)
GH (25 times)
NF1 (25 times)
1985 Noonan syndrome: a review.
novelty seeking
(231 times)
Psychiatry
(94 times)
HA (131 times)
RD (89 times)
TCI (62 times)
1993 The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire in eating disorder patients.
non-smokers
(149 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(35 times)
CS (30 times)
BAL (13 times)
HS (13 times)
1975 Effect of cigarette smoking on lipids, lipoproteins, blood coagulation, fibrinolysis and cellular components of human blood.
nonstructural protein
(138 times)
Virology
(42 times)
HCV (53 times)
HA (16 times)
NA (12 times)
1979 The coupling of transcription from influenza virions to translation in vitro.
nonsignificant
(135 times)
Metabolism
(17 times)
PD (9 times)
CI (8 times)
BMI (5 times)
1986 Twice-daily beclomethasone dipropionate in the treatment of childhood asthma.
nodular sclerosis
(134 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
MC (84 times)
HD (62 times)
LP (42 times)
1976 An immunofluorescence technique with counterstain on fixed cells for the detection of antibodies to human herpesviruses; antibody patterns in patients with Hodgkin's disease and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
10  Nigella sativa
(128 times)
Complementary Therapies
(14 times)
TQ (15 times)
MDA (14 times)
SOD (14 times)
2001 The role of antioxidant vitamins (C and E), selenium and Nigella sativa in the prevention of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in rabbits: new hopes.
11  nociceptive specific
(113 times)
Neurology
(78 times)
WDR (91 times)
LTM (29 times)
VPL (9 times)
1983 Convergence of cardiac and cutaneous afferents onto neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord in the cat.
12  nucleostemin
(101 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
GFP (5 times)
GNL3L (4 times)
ESCs (3 times)
2004 The effect of knocking-down nucleostemin gene expression on the in vitro proliferation and in vivo tumorigenesis of HeLa cells.
13  nerve-sparing
(92 times)
Urology
(74 times)
RP (31 times)
RARP (23 times)
CI (8 times)
1999 Time dependent patient satisfaction with sildenafil for erectile dysfunction (ED) after nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP).
14  normal subjects
(91 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
SF (8 times)
GH (6 times)
GHD (5 times)
1976 Reversible neutrophil defect in patients with bacterial endocarditis.
15  nervous system
(85 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CNS (6 times)
PNS (6 times)
CSF (4 times)
1980 The nervous system of Microstromum lineare (Turbellaria, Macrostomida). I. A fluorescence and electron microscopic study.
16  natural suppressor
(78 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(45 times)
BM (19 times)
NK (11 times)
MLR (9 times)
1984 Natural suppressor (NS) cells, neonatal tolerance, and total lymphoid irradiation: exploring obscure relationships.
17  Netherton syndrome
(75 times)
Dermatology
(41 times)
LEKTI (23 times)
SPINK5 (15 times)
AD (6 times)
1991 [Netherton's syndrome. Current aspects. Apropos of 9 cases].
18  neural stem
(71 times)
Cell Biology
(19 times)
ES (15 times)
CNS (5 times)
GNS (5 times)
2004 Differentiation prevents assessment of neural stem cell pluripotency after blastocyst injection.
19  Nova Scotia
(66 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
BC (11 times)
ON (9 times)
NB (5 times)
1984 Seroepidemiology of Q fever in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
20  nerve stimulation
(64 times)
Anesthesiology
(20 times)
US (19 times)
NE (10 times)
NO (5 times)
1976 Oxygen uptake and tissue oxygen tension during adrenergic stimulation in canine subcutaneous adipose tissue.
21  never smokers
(62 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
CS (22 times)
COPD (10 times)
FS (10 times)
1988 Smoking and effect of chemotherapy in small cell lung cancer.
22  nutritional status
(59 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
BMI (14 times)
CF (5 times)
LOS (4 times)
1991 Growth, bone age and nutritional status in neglected coeliac disease.
23  nanosheet
(52 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
NW (4 times)
QDs (4 times)
HER (3 times)
2011 Multiwalled carbon nanotubes anchored with SnS2 nanosheets as high-performance anode materials of lithium-ion batteries.
24  nanospheres
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
NC (12 times)
PLGA (8 times)
NP (6 times)
1987 Growth inhibition and morphological alteration of L 1210 cells by polyglutaraldehyde nanospheres.
25  non-synonymous
(48 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SNPs (15 times)
GWA (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
1997 Genetic drift can dominate short-term human immunodeficiency virus type 1 nef quasispecies evolution in vivo.
26  Nevus sebaceus
(44 times)
Dermatology
(29 times)
BCC (9 times)
SCAP (5 times)
HPV (4 times)
1994 Condyloma acuminatum associated with syringocystadenoma papilliferum.
27  neurospheres
(43 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CNS (6 times)
SVZ (6 times)
GBM (5 times)
2002 Neurospheres modified to produce glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor increase the survival of transplanted dopamine neurons.
28  neonatal sepsis
(38 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CRP (8 times)
IL-6 (6 times)
AUC (4 times)
1986 Differential effects of various causes of deafness on the eyes, refractive errors, and vision of children.
29  nonsurvivors
(38 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
TISS (3 times)
APSC (2 times)
CCS (2 times)
1977 Prognostic features of ventricular tachycardia complicating acute myocardial infarction.
30  Nodding syndrome
(36 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
OAE (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
HfH (2 times)
2013 Reviewing the evidence on nodding syndrome, a mysterious tropical disorder.
31  non-stressed
(35 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
CRF (6 times)
DS (6 times)
ARS (5 times)
1979 [The effects of electric stress on pancreatic B cell function in rats fed a high fat diet (I). Glucose tolerance and glucose-induced insulin release from the perfused pancreas (author's transl)].
32  Navier-Stokes
(34 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
MD (5 times)
LB (3 times)
LBM (3 times)
2000 Unsteady stenosis flow prediction: a comparative study of non-Newtonian models with operator splitting scheme.
33  neurosarcoidosis
(32 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CSF (9 times)
MS (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
1995 Sarcoid optic neuropathy: a case report.
34  nutritional supplements
(32 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
BMI (2 times)
RDs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2003 Nutritional supplements in Norwegian elite athletes--impact of international ranking and advisors.
35  nutritional support
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
PN (9 times)
EN (8 times)
BMT (3 times)
1988 Research activities and interests of dietitians.
36  National Socialist
(30 times)
Anatomy
(20 times)
HSH (1 time)
WWII (1 time)
2002 Psychologists and the national socialist access to power.
37  nasal secretions
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CRS (4 times)
CRSsNP (4 times)
CRSwNP (4 times)
1975 Clinical and immunologic responses of calves with colostrally acquired maternal antibody against parainfluenza-3 virus to homologous viral infection.
38  neurosyphilis
(29 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CSF (10 times)
RPR (6 times)
TPPA (6 times)
1994 [Validity of intrathecal secretion formulas of IgG in the follow-up of the response to neurosyphilis treatment].
39  normal saline solution
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
HA (3 times)
BLM (2 times)
ICAM-1 (2 times)
1985 Functional and histologic changes in vein grafts exposed to crystalloid potassium cardioplegic solution.
40  neck suction
(27 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
HR (18 times)
NP (17 times)
MAP (15 times)
1984 Effect of temperature and baroreceptor stimulation on reflex venomotor responses.
41  Necrotizing sialometaplasia
(27 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
EGFR (2 times)
SANS (2 times)
SCC (1 time)
1976 Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palate. Ulcerative or necrotizing stage of leukokeratosis nicotina palati?
42  negative symptoms
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
SANS (5 times)
PS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
1990 The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Nurses' Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation (NOSIE) in the evaluation of positive and negative symptoms.
43  normal serum
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
DS (8 times)
bs (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
1977 Brain-associated thymic antigen in chickens.
44  non-selective
(26 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
NSAIDs (6 times)
CV (4 times)
GI (2 times)
1983 Expression of varicella-zoster virus-related antigens in biochemically transformed cells.
45  normal sleep
(26 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
SD (4 times)
SS (4 times)
TSD (4 times)
1983 Ventilation distribution and density dependence of expiratory flow in asthmatic children.
46  nasal spray
(24 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AR (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1987 Comparison of the acute effect of the intranasal and intramuscular administration of salmon calcitonin in Paget's disease.
47  neurosurgery
(24 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
OS (3 times)
CT (2 times)
GS (2 times)
1988 Indications and complications of carotid endarterectomy as performed by four different surgical specialty groups.
48  nasal swab
(23 times)
Virology
(5 times)
NPA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
RSV (3 times)
1999 A simple and reproducible method for collecting nasal secretions in frail elderly adults, for measurement of virus-specific IgA.
49  nedocromil sodium
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
CS (3 times)
EIA (3 times)
MDI (3 times)
1988 Intranasal nedocromil sodium in the treatment of ragweed-allergic rhinitis.
50  normal sodium
(23 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
HS (14 times)
LS (7 times)
MAP (4 times)
1988 Effect of sodium-restricted diet and posture on norepinephrine kinetics in humans.
51  nanosuspension
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
XRD (3 times)
FESEM (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2011 Hydrocortisone nanosuspensions for ophthalmic delivery: A comparative study between microfluidic nanoprecipitation and wet milling.
52  non-specific
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
5-HT2AR (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
1991 Prediction of acute graft rejection in renal transplantation: the utility of cyclosporine blood concentrations.
53  nonspiking
(22 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MNs (2 times)
OR (2 times)
PS (2 times)
1985 Morphology and serotonergic innervation of physiologically identified cells of the guinea pig's myenteric plexus.
54  naproxen sodium
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
NSAIDs (4 times)
HPMC (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
1977 The effect of naproxen-sodium on the intrauterine pressure and menstrual pain of dysmenorrheic patients.
55  non-seminoma
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
SE (8 times)
TGCT (5 times)
CIS (4 times)
1984 Placental alkaline phosphatase in testicular germ cell tumours and in carcinoma-in-situ of the testis. An immunohistochemical study.
56  nucleosides
(20 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
nt (7 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
mAb 2C5 (2 times)
1990 Comparison of the self-association properties of the 5'-triphosphates of inosine (ITP), guanosine (GTP), and adenosine (ATP). Further evidence for ionic interactions in the highly stable dimeric [H2(ATP)]2(4-) stack.
57  natural service
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
AI (9 times)
TAI (6 times)
PR (3 times)
1990 Contributions of ovum cytoplasm, uterine environment and postnatal environment to maternal effects in beef cattle.
58  nephrometry score
(19 times)
Urology
(14 times)
PN (5 times)
OR (4 times)
RCC (3 times)
2011 Objective measures of renal mass anatomic complexity predict rates of major complications following partial nephrectomy.
59  normal saline group
(18 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BC (2 times)
HR (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
1993 Epidural test dose: lidocaine 100 mg, not chloroprocaine, is a symptomatic marker of i.v. injection in labouring parturients.
60  numerical scale
(18 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
VAS (10 times)
NPSI (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2000 Preventing postoperative pain by local anesthetic instillation after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery: a placebo-controlled comparison of bupivacaine and ropivacaine.
61  nigrostriatal
(17 times)
Brain
(9 times)
DA (11 times)
TH (4 times)
GCH-I (2 times)
1985 Kindling of dopaminergic pathways modifies the effect of substantia nigra lesions on rotational behaviour.
62  nonsurgical
(17 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PS (5 times)
PSS (2 times)
SU (2 times)
1988 Surgical versus non-surgical treatment and recurrent periodontal disease in beagle dogs.
63  Nelson's syndrome
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
CD (12 times)
ACTH (2 times)
CO (1 time)
1980 In vitro secretion of ACTH, beta-endorphin and beta-lipotropin in Cushing's disease and Nelson's syndrome.
64  nanoshells
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
NIR (5 times)
4-MBA (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2007 Peptide-assembled optically responsive nanoparticle complexes.
65  nanosilica
(15 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
SEM (4 times)
FTIR (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
2015 Nanosilica-induced placental inflammation and pregnancy complications: Different roles of the inflammasome components NLRP3 and ASC.
66  native starch
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
RS (5 times)
AS (2 times)
AUS (2 times)
2009 Structure and function of starch and resistant starch from corn with different doses of mutant amylose-extender and floury-1 alleles.
67  neostriatum
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DA (4 times)
GP (3 times)
AC (2 times)
1987 The morphogenesis of glutamic acid decarboxylase in the neostriatum of the cat: neuronal and ultrastructural localization.
68  Neurosteroids
(15 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
GABA (3 times)
THDOC (3 times)
DHEA (2 times)
2005 Steroids, neuroactive steroids and neurosteroids in psychopathology.
69  nonstimulated
(15 times)
Meat
(4 times)
ES (7 times)
PM (3 times)
LM (2 times)
1984 Facilitation of generalization performances in spatial learning problems by posttrial stimulation of the mesencephalic reticular formation.
70  non-separated
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MS (11 times)
CRD (2 times)
CRF (2 times)
2006 Neonatal maternal separation causes colonic dysfunction in rat pups including impaired host resistance.
71  nutrient solution
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
EC (3 times)
NFT (2 times)
AKG (1 time)
2005 Broiler litter as a micronutrient source for cotton: concentrations in plant parts.
72  nutritive sucking
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
NNS (8 times)
CNS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1985 Spontaneous non-nutritive sucking in continuously fed infants.
73  nanosilver
(13 times)
Endodontics
(2 times)
MDA (2 times)
AB (1 time)
APX (1 time)
2010 Nanosilver as a new generation of nanoproduct in biomedical applications.
74  nanosponges
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AC-NS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
alpha-CD (1 time)
2010 Cyclodextrin-based nanosponges encapsulating camptothecin: physicochemical characterization, stability and cytotoxicity.
75  neonatal seizures
(13 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EEG (2 times)
LEV (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2000 Multifactorial pathogenesis of neonatal seizures--relationships to the benign partial epilepsies.
76  neurosecretory
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
NE (3 times)
NSE (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
1976 Colchicine effects on neurosecretory neurons and other hypothalamic and hypophysial cells, with special reference to changes in the cytoplasmic membranes.
77  Nicolau syndrome
(13 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CK (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
RM (1 time)
1998 [Nicolau syndrome caused by penicillin preparations: review of the literature in search for potential risk factors].
78  non-sensitized
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
hs (3 times)
OVA (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1988 In vivo and in vitro studies on cold-induced airway response in normal and sensitized rabbits.
79  nonsense
(13 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AS (7 times)
FS (3 times)
WT (2 times)
1993 The mitogenic response of T cells to interleukin-2 requires Raf-1.
80  number of steps
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
Cp (2 times)
MOT (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
2001 Precision of magnetic resonance velocity and acceleration measurements: theoretical issues and phantom experiments.
81  natural soil
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
LDM (2 times)
TAS (2 times)
BG (1 time)
2004 Differential distribution of elastic tissue in human natural skin and tissue-engineered skin.
82  natural splines
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AS (3 times)
CI (3 times)
PM (3 times)
2001 In vitro remineralisation of eroded enamel lesions by saliva.
83  normal-salt diet
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HS (11 times)
LS (3 times)
DSS (2 times)
2005 Low salt intake modulates insulin signaling, JNK activity and IRS-1ser307 phosphorylation in rat tissues.
84  Nugent score
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
BV (12 times)
CI (4 times)
WSW (2 times)
2006 High recurrence rates of bacterial vaginosis over the course of 12 months after oral metronidazole therapy and factors associated with recurrence.
85  neurogenic symptoms
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ODI (3 times)
GD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1990 [Neurologic manifestations of polycythemia vera. Analysis of 24 cases and review of the literature].
86  nitrosative stress
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
OS (5 times)
NO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2012 Intrastriatal pre-treatment with L-NAME protects rats from diquat neurotoxcity.
87  non-ionic surfactants
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
PEG (4 times)
ITT (2 times)
MRM (2 times)
1995 Tensammetric determination of non-ionic surfactants combined with BiAS separation procedure (Wickbold) 2. Optimisation of the precipitation and investigation of interferences.
88  nonsuckled
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
LH (8 times)
PRL (4 times)
FSH (2 times)
1980 Effect of variable suckling intensity and estrogen administration upon serum luteinizing hormone in Brahman cows.
89  normal stature
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FXS (2 times)
GH (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1989 The effects of galanin on growth hormone secretion in children of normal and short stature.
90  nutcracker syndrome
(11 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
LRV (7 times)
SMA (5 times)
CT (2 times)
2004 [Nutcracker syndrome: a difficult case of recurrent gross hematuria].
91  needle and syringe
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
DSJI (3 times)
IDUs (3 times)
BCG (2 times)
1995 Acquisition and use of needles and syringes by injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland.
92  night sweats
(10 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
HF (8 times)
VMS (3 times)
CBT (2 times)
1985 Descriptive epidemiology of night sweats upon admission to a university hospital.
93  nonsusceptible
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CA (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2008 Correlation of MIC with outcome for Candida species tested against caspofungin, anidulafungin, and micafungin: analysis and proposal for interpretive MIC breakpoints.
94  normobaric sedentary
(10 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HS (8 times)
HE (5 times)
IHH (4 times)
1996 Effects of prolonged exposure to and physical training in hypobaric conditions on skeletal muscle morphology and metabolic enzymes in rats.
95  nuclear sclerosis
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
PSC (5 times)
CC (2 times)
1-cysPrx (1 time)
2001 Duration of vitrectomy and postoperative cataract in the vitrectomy for macular hole study.
96  needlescopic surgery
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
MPS (3 times)
NOTES (2 times)
APR (1 time)
2011 Ultra-minimally invasive local immune cell therapy and regenerative therapy by multi-piercing surgery for abdominal solid tumor: therapeutic simulation by natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery-assisted needlescopic surgery using 3-mm diameter robots.
97  net survival
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
AAPC (1 time)
ASRW (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2015 Stage IV breast cancer: a population-based study about prognostic factors according to HER2 and HR status.
98  neurological score
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
MRI (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
ACZ (1 time)
1991 Effect of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in experimental spinal cord injury: a quantitative histopathologic study.
99  Neuroserpin
(9 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
tPA (4 times)
FENIB (3 times)
CD (1 time)
2001 Expression, purification, and functional characterization of the serine protease inhibitor neuroserpin expressed in Drosophila S2 cells.
100  neurostimulation
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
US (7 times)
CI (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2009 The impact of dental devices on neurostimulators.