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Abbreviation: NTD
Appearance Frequency: 1657 time(s)
Long forms: 123

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
neural tube defects
(736 times)
Genetics, Medical
(93 times)
AFP (37 times)
MTHFR (37 times)
CI (35 times)
1976 Reference interval for maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein.
N-terminal domain
(471 times)
Biochemistry
(158 times)
CTD (126 times)
LBD (32 times)
AR (31 times)
1995 N-glycans modulate in vivo and in vitro thyroid hormone synthesis. Study at the N-terminal domain of thyroglobulin.
neglected tropical disease
(125 times)
Tropical Medicine
(48 times)
MDA (16 times)
LF (9 times)
STH (9 times)
2009 Improved insights into the transcriptomes of the human hookworm Necator americanus--fundamental and biotechnological implications.
normalized total dose
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
BED (4 times)
LQ (4 times)
NTCP (4 times)
1990 Use of normalized total dose to represent the biological effect of fractionated radiotherapy.
amino-terminal domain
(29 times)
Molecular Biology
(11 times)
AR (8 times)
CTD (8 times)
LBD (4 times)
1995 The nonconserved hinge region and distinct amino-terminal domains of the ROR alpha orphan nuclear receptor isoforms are required for proper DNA bending and ROR alpha-DNA interactions.
needle trap device
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
SPME (4 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
2001 Sampling and analysis of airborne particulate matter and aerosols using in-needle trap and SPME fiber devices.
New Taiwan dollars
(17 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
LOS (2 times)
QALYs (2 times)
WTP (2 times)
1999 Establishing a cost estimation model for hypertension and its related diseases in Taiwan.
nodular thyroid disease
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
DTC (4 times)
HT (3 times)
MTC (3 times)
2006 Value of routine measurement of serum calcitonin concentrations in patients with nodular thyroid disease: A multicenter study.
nitrendipine
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DHP (3 times)
PGF2 alpha (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
1984 Solubilization and affinity labeling of a dihydropyridine binding site from skeletal muscle: effects of temperature and diltiazem on [3H]dihydropyridine binding to transverse tubules.
10  non-treated diabetic
(8 times)
Brain
(3 times)
NTC (3 times)
T1DM (3 times)
TC (3 times)
2006 Effect of vitamin E on diabetes-induced changes in small intestine and plasma antioxidant capacity in rat.
11  neural tube birth defects
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
Hcy (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
SVM (1 time)
1996 Folic acid and the prevention of birth defects.
12  non-tremor dominant
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PD (6 times)
TD (6 times)
HC (2 times)
2012 Patterns of alpha-synuclein pathology in incidental cases and clinical subtypes of Parkinson's disease.
13  non-transfusion-dependent
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
TD (4 times)
Hb (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
2013 Adrenal insufficiency is prevalent in HbE/beta-thalassaemia paediatric patients irrespective of their clinical severity and transfusion requirement.
14  N-terminal DNA-binding domain
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CTD (3 times)
eIF (1 time)
eIF2alpha (1 time)
2004 Identification of crucial histidines for heme binding in the N-terminal domain of the heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase.
15  naltrindole
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DOP (2 times)
GP (2 times)
SNr (2 times)
1996 Delta-Opioid receptor modulation of the release of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn of the rat following mechanical or thermal noxious stimulation.
16  nuclear track detectors
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
BNCT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
QF (1 time)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
17  N-terminal transactivation domain
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AR (3 times)
CAG (1 time)
DBD (1 time)
2004 Structural and functional consequences of glutamine tract variation in the androgen receptor.
18  normal taurine diet
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
HTD (4 times)
LTD (3 times)
BBMV (2 times)
1985 Renal cortex taurine content regulates renal adaptive response to altered dietary intake of sulfur amino acids.
19  nuclear transport domain
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
RHA (3 times)
CTE (2 times)
dsRBD II (1 time)
1999 The carboxyl terminus of RNA helicase A contains a bidirectional nuclear transport domain.
20  N-terminal kinase domain
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Sec (5 times)
CTD (3 times)
MjPSTK (1 time)
2007 A clickable inhibitor reveals context-dependent autoactivation of p90 RSK.
21  Naphthyridinone
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PBMC (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2011 Combining symmetry elements results in potent naphthyridinone (NTD) HIV-1 integrase inhibitors.
22  Necrotic trophoblastic debris
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
NO (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2012 Calcium channel blockers prevent endothelial cell activation in response to necrotic trophoblast debris: possible relevance to pre-eclampsia.
23  net time delay
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
BUA (1 time)
2007 A portable real-time ultrasonic bone densitometer.
24  neural tube closure defect
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PCP (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2008 LUZP deficiency affects neural tube closure during brain development.
25  noise-tone difference
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SPAR (1 time)
1978 Impedance audiometry in the squirrel monkey. Sensorineural losses.
26  non-negative Tucker decomposition
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ERP (1 time)
MR-NTD (1 time)
NCPD (1 time)
2013 Multi-domain feature extraction for small event-related potentials through nonnegative multi-way array decomposition from low dense array EEG.
27  non-thought-disordered
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
TD (3 times)
SOA (1 time)
1985 Reality monitoring in mania and schizophrenia. The association of thought disorder and performance.
28  normal sulfur amino acid diet
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
BBMV (3 times)
HTD (3 times)
LTD (3 times)
1983 Renal adaptation to altered dietary sulfur amino acid intake occurs at luminal brushborder membrane.
29  nucleus tegmentalis dorsalis
(3 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
EB (1 time)
EDVs (1 time)
1982 Catecholamine-containing neurons in the mesencephalic tegmentum of the chicken. Light, fluorescence and electron microscopic studies.
30  3,3'-neotrehalosadiamine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RNAP (1 time)
2004 RNA polymerase mutation activates the production of a dormant antibiotic 3,3'-neotrehalosadiamine via an autoinduction mechanism in Bacillus subtilis.
31  4-nitro-terphenyl-3″,5″-dimethanethiol
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NTM (2 times)
SAMs (2 times)
MTD (1 time)
2013 Self-assembly of mono- and bidentate oligoarylene thiols onto polycrystalline Au.
32  N-terminal coiled-coil domain
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
RNAP (2 times)
CTD (1 time)
2003 Transcript cleavage factors GreA and GreB act as transient catalytic components of RNA polymerase.
33  N-terminal dimerization domain
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2007 The Par-3 NTD adopts a PB1-like structure required for Par-3 oligomerization and membrane localization.
34  N-terminal domain of AhpF
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
Trx (1 time)
2009 Redox-dependent dynamics of a dual thioredoxin fold protein: evolution of specialized folds.
35  N-terminal helical domain
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
LbetaH (1 time)
2006 Linking genome structure and function through specific histone acetylation.
36  N-terminal regulatory domain
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
CBD (2 times)
HR-FISH (2 times)
StAR (2 times)
2016 Regulation of StAR by the N-terminal Domain and Coinduction of SIK1 and TIS11b/Znf36l1 in Single Cells.
37  nerve terminal density
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SVC (1 time)
SyVD (1 time)
2001 Influence of long-term experimental orthostatic body position on innervation density in extremity vessels.
38  neural tube defect pregnancy
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
SES (1 time)
2001 An examination of polymorphic genes and folate metabolism in mothers affected by a spina bifida pregnancy.
39  neural tube defect-affected pregnancies
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1987 Neural tube defect-specific acetylcholinesterase: its properties and quantitation in the detection of anencephaly and spina bifida.
40  neurotypical development
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
LB (3 times)
EF (2 times)
ToM (2 times)
2016 Exploring 'The autisms' at a cognitive level.
41  neutron temporal diagnostic
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DT (1 time)
NIF (1 time)
PMT (1 time)
2016 Neutron temporal diagnostic for high-yield deuterium-tritium cryogenic implosions on OMEGA.
42  neutron transmutation doping
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ID (1 time)
TIMS (1 time)
2001 Characterization of neutron transmuted zinc traces in pure copper materials by isotope dilution mass spectrometry.
43  nitidine
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
DHN (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2010 Tumor-selective cytotoxicity of benzo[c]phenanthridine derivatives from Toddalia asiatica Lam.
44  nitroglycerin-induced vasodilatation
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
FMD (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
2009 Increased carotid artery intima-media thickness and impaired endothelial function in psoriasis.
45  non-treatment decisions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
EAS (1 time)
ELDs (1 time)
2012 Non-diagnosis decisions and non-treatment decisions in elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases, do they differ?--A systematic review.
46  nonequilibrium thermal dissociation
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Revision of the nonequilibrium thermal dissociation and stringent washing approaches for identification of mixed nucleic acid targets by microarrays.
47  normalized tissue dose
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NSCLC (2 times)
mean (1 time)
NBDS (1 time)
2008 Dose escalated, hypofractionated radiotherapy using helical tomotherapy for inoperable non-small cell lung cancer: preliminary results of a risk-stratified phase I dose escalation study.
48  normotensive dogs
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RHD (2 times)
ISO (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
1992 Antihypertensive effect of the new dihydropyridine calcium antagonist (+-)-3-(benzylmethylamino)-2,2-dimethylpropyl methyl 4-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3,5-pyridinedica rbo xylate hydrochloride in dogs.
49  nutritive and tonic drug
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 2000 Effect of Zena F-III, a liquid nutritive and tonic drug, on the neurochemical changes elicited by physical fatigue in mice.
50  5'-nucleotidase
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
GGT (1 time)
1978 Evaluation of the usefulness of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels in the management of haematological neoplasia.
51  amino-terminal domain of ExsA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Self-association is required for occupation of adjacent binding sites in Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretion system promoters.
52  defects-neural tube defects
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
1995 [Analyses of the prevalences for neural tube defects and cleft lip and palate in China from 1988 to 1991].
53  development, the discovery of multiple inhibitor binding sites on CA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CypA (1 time)
2013 Novel inhibitor binding site discovery on HIV-1 capsid N-terminal domain by NMR and X-ray crystallography.
54  folate-neural tube defect
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Evaluation of the implementation of the folate-neural tube defect health claim and its impact on the availability of folate-fortified food in Australia.
55  intramolecular amino-terminal domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
NF2 (1 time)
2007 Akt phosphorylation regulates the tumour-suppressor merlin through ubiquitination and degradation.
56  N-deoxyribosyltransferase II
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Subcellular localization of N-deoxyribosyltransferase in Lactobacillus fermentum: cell surface association of an intracellular nucleotide metabolic enzyme.
57  N-ter domain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NTD125 (1 time)
2009 p53 Amino-terminus region (1-125) stabilizes and restores heat denatured p53 wild phenotype.
58  N-terminal appended domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
GlnRS (1 time)
2012 Structural conservation of an ancient tRNA sensor in eukaryotic glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase.
59  N-terminal beta-barrel domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2018 The NMR solution structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis F-ATP synthase subunit epsilon provides new insight into energy coupling inside the rotary engine.
60  N-terminal catalytic domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Sec (3 times)
CTD (1 time)
PSTK (1 time)
2010 Structural basis for the major role of O-phosphoseryl-tRNA kinase in the UGA-specific encoding of selenocysteine.
61  N-terminal cholesterol-binding domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLR (1 time)
MT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2018 Comparative study of the effect of disease causing and benign mutations in position Q92 on cholesterol binding by the NPC1 n-terminal domain.
62  N-terminal dinucleotide-binding fold domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
IleRS (1 time)
2005 Structural basis for lysidine formation by ATP pyrophosphatase accompanied by a lysine-specific loop and a tRNA-recognition domain.
63  N-terminal domain: C-terminal domain
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2014 Host cofactors and pharmacologic ligands share an essential interface in HIV-1 capsid that is lost upon disassembly.
64  N-terminal effector domain
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
OCP (1 time)
2017 Synthetic OCP heterodimers are photoactive and recapitulate the fusion of two primitive carotenoproteins in the evolution of cyanobacterial photoprotection.
65  N-terminal extension domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AdT (1 time)
GatCAB (1 time)
GatFAB (1 time)
2014 Crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial GatFAB reveals a novel subunit assembly in tRNA-dependent amidotransferases.
66  N-terminal helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
2016 Structural and dynamics studies of a truncated variant of CI repressor from bacteriophage TP901-1.
67  N-terminal helix-turn-helix domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Structural basis of the bacteriophage TP901-1 CI repressor dimerization and interaction with DNA.
68  N-terminal putative RNA-binding domain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AdoMet (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
2016 Structural Insights into the Methylation of C1402 in 16S rRNA by Methyltransferase RsmI.
69  N-terminal shuttle domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Structure of yeast sulfhydryl oxidase erv1 reveals electron transfer of the disulfide relay system in the mitochondrial intermembrane space.
70  N-terminal thioredoxin domain
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
PyV (1 time)
2009 The C-terminal domain of ERp29 mediates polyomavirus binding, unfolding, and infection.
71  N-terminal thioredoxin-like alpha+beta core domain
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
2010 Structures of three members of Pfam PF02663 (FmdE) implicated in microbial methanogenesis reveal a conserved alpha+beta core domain and an auxiliary C-terminal treble-clef zinc finger.
72  N-terminal thyroid hormone forming domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Dityrosine bridge formation and thyroid hormone synthesis are tightly linked and are both dependent on N-glycans.
73  Nanopore transduction detection
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2011 The NTD Nanoscope: potential applications and implementations.
74  nanotube titanium instead
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Titanium nanotubes stimulate osteoblast differentiation of stem cells from pulp and adipose tissue.
75  nanotwinned diamond
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Extreme Mechanics of Probing the Ultimate Strength of Nanotwinned Diamond.
76  naphtho(2,3-c)(1,2,5)thiadiazole
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CDCA (1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
NTz (1 time)
2016 Naphtho[2,3-c][1,2,5]thiadiazole and 2H-Naphtho[2,3-d][1,2,3]triazole-Containing D-A-pi-A Conjugated Organic Dyes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.
77  nares-to-ear tragus distance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NED (1 time)
NMD (1 time)
PMD (1 time)
2019 Estimation of nares-to-epiglottis distance for selecting an appropriate nasopharyngeal airway.
78  nasal tip depth
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
NLA (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2013 Postoperative effects of anterior nasal spine bone harvesting on overall nasal shape.
79  naturally unstructured regions including the amino-terminal domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CTE (1 time)
DBD (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2012 Structural and functional analysis of domains of the progesterone receptor.
80  need for therapeutic agents that can target the amino-terminal domain
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CaM (1 time)
CRPC (1 time)
2015 Hydrazinobenzoylcurcumin inhibits androgen receptor activity and growth of castration-resistant prostate cancer in mice.
81  Needle thoracentesis decompression
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Needle thoracentesis decompression: observations from postmortem computed tomography and autopsy.
82  needle trap
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
RSDs (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2010 Automated needle trap heart-cut GC/MS and needle trap comprehensive two-dimensional GC/TOF-MS for breath gas analysis in the clinical environment.
83  needle trap device extraction
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ITEX (1 time)
SPDE (1 time)
2018 Needle-based extraction techniques with protected sorbent as powerful sample preparation tools to gas chromatographic analysis: Trends in application.
84  needleless transfer device
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AHF (1 time)
2006 Needles and needleless devices for infusion of anti-haemophilic factor concentrate: impact on protein structure and function.
85  negative formal thought disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2017 Formal thought disorder in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
86  negative temperature differential
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2017 Negative Temperature Differential in Preterm Infants Less Than 29 Weeks Gestational Age: Associations With Infection and Maternal Smoking.
87  neglected tropical disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PKs (1 time)
2019 Unveiling the Kinomes of Leishmania infantum and L. braziliensis Empowers the Discovery of New Kinase Targets and Antileishmanial Compounds.
88  network topology dynamics
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
CPL (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2016 Structure and Topology Dynamics of Hyper-Frequency Networks during Rest and Auditory Oddball Performance.
89  neural tube defects fetus
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1991 [The clinical significance of multifactor discrimination and analysis of maternal serum Cu, Zn, Cd, Mn contents in the diagnosis of abnormal fetus].
90  neural tube disease
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
2017 Folate and Pregnancy, current concepts: It is required folic acid supplementation?
91  neuro-typically developed
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2014 Increased prepulse inhibition and sensitization of the startle reflex in autistic children.
92  neurotypically developed peers
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
FBT (1 time)
FEC (1 time)
2017 What Difference Does It Make? Implicit, Explicit and Complex Social Cognition in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
93  new targeted drugs
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2012 Predictive factors for response to treatment in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.
94  New Type of Drugs
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2007 [The impact of social norm and susceptibility on drug use among adolescents].
95  NH2-terminal transcriptional activation domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SSAP (1 time)
1998 The transcriptional repressor ZFM1 interacts with and modulates the ability of EWS to activate transcription.
96  night-time dyspnea
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DDL (1 time)
GDS (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2019 The mutual association between dyspnea and depressive symptoms in older adults: a 4-year prospective study.
97  night-training days
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2019 Sleep patterns and nocturnal cardiac autonomic activity in female athletes are affected by the timing of exercise and match location.
98  Nintedanib
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CSF1 (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
2019 Alteration of human macrophage phenotypes by the anti-fibrotic drug nintedanib.
99  Nitidine chloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MAPKs (1 time)
2012 Nitidine chloride inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines production via MAPK and NF-kappaB pathway in RAW 264.7 cells.
100  No-type-determined
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2004 Improved method for fluorescence cytometric immunohematology testing.