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Abbreviation: OA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteoarthritis
(20305 times)
Rheumatology
(7229 times)
RA (2355 times)
WOMAC (911 times)
MRI (609 times)
0 [Hand osteoarthritis].
oleic acid
(2181 times)
Biochemistry
(333 times)
LA (134 times)
PA (131 times)
UA (109 times)
1975 Influence of mixtures of taurocholate, fatty acids, and monolein on the toxic effects of deoxycholate in rat jejunum in vivo.
okadaic acid
(1082 times)
Biochemistry
(182 times)
DSP (139 times)
PP2A (90 times)
DTX-1 (83 times)
1987 Calcium-independent phosphorylation of smooth muscle myosin light chain by okadaic acid isolated from black sponge (Halichondria okadai).
ovalbumin
(704 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(293 times)
BAL (58 times)
ACh (33 times)
BALF (29 times)
1971 Cutaneous basophil (Jones-Mote) hypersensitivity after "tolerogenic" doses of intravenous ovalbumin in the guinea pig.
ocean acidification
(391 times)
Biology
(119 times)
DIC (9 times)
CCA (8 times)
OW (8 times)
2010 Near future ocean acidification increases growth rate of the lecithotrophic larvae and juveniles of the sea star Crossaster papposus.
ophthalmic artery
(338 times)
Ophthalmology
(163 times)
CRA (158 times)
RI (122 times)
PSV (101 times)
1986 Retinal artery pressure and cerebral artery perfusion pressure in cerebrovascular occlusive disease.
occupational asthma
(337 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(104 times)
SIC (31 times)
WEA (31 times)
LMW (21 times)
1992 Changes in interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor production by peripheral blood monocytes after specific bronchoprovocation test in occupational asthma.
open appendectomy
(276 times)
General Surgery
(193 times)
LA (261 times)
LOS (28 times)
CI (16 times)
1992 Is there a role for laparoscopic appendectomy in pediatric surgery?
octopamine
(223 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
DA (48 times)
TA (42 times)
CNS (9 times)
1983 Modulation of synaptic transmission and excitation-contraction coupling in the opener muscle of the crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus, by 5-hydroxytryptamine and octopamine.
10  ochratoxin A
(217 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(60 times)
DON (9 times)
AFB1 (7 times)
HPLC (7 times)
1978 Ochratoxicosis in White Leghorn hens.
11  older adults
(173 times)
Geriatrics
(45 times)
YA (85 times)
AD (7 times)
MCI (7 times)
1996 Adaptations of myonuclei to hypertrophy in patagialis muscle fibers from aged quail.
12  obstructive azoospermia
(145 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(72 times)
NOA (87 times)
ICSI (28 times)
TESE (18 times)
1996 Electrovasogram in patients with obstructive azoospermia and absent vas deferens.
13  open abdomen
(111 times)
General Surgery
(47 times)
NPWT (18 times)
TAC (13 times)
EAF (11 times)
2004 [Open vs. closed abdomen in acute peritonitis. A comparative study].
14  open access
(105 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
APCs (7 times)
DOAJ (5 times)
IF (4 times)
2005 Protein open-access liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
15  oral appliance
(103 times)
Dentistry
(37 times)
OSA (54 times)
AHI (32 times)
CPAP (22 times)
1996 A randomized crossover study of an oral appliance vs nasal-continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
16  occipital artery
(93 times)
Neurosurgery
(57 times)
PICA (29 times)
STA (20 times)
ICA (13 times)
1983 Short vein grafts for cerebral revascularization.
17  organic aerosol
(89 times)
Environmental Health
(62 times)
SOA (27 times)
BBOA (12 times)
AMS (10 times)
2008 O/C and OM/OC ratios of primary, secondary, and ambient organic aerosols with high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometry.
18  oral anticoagulants
(88 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
INR (10 times)
AF (9 times)
LMWH (7 times)
1979 [Control of oral anticoagulation: comparison between Quick and colorimetric factor X determination in 107 patients].
19  oesophageal atresia
(85 times)
Pediatrics
(59 times)
TOF (32 times)
DS (3 times)
Shh (3 times)
1994 MSAFP levels and oesophageal atresia.
20  older adults with osteoarthritis
(70 times)
Rheumatology
(25 times)
WOMAC (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
tDCS (4 times)
1997 Compliance to exercise therapy in older participants with knee osteoarthritis: implications for treating disability.
21  overall accuracy
(52 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
NPV (12 times)
PPV (12 times)
RF (7 times)
1998 Proposed new duplex classification for threshold stenoses used in various symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy trials.
22  optoacoustic
(48 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
US (8 times)
BI-RADS (2 times)
DR (2 times)
1998 Laser ultrasonic transport of drugs in living tissues.
23  oriented attachment
(38 times)
Nanotechnology
(14 times)
OR (9 times)
HRTEM (4 times)
NPs (4 times)
2006 A multistep oriented attachment kinetics: coarsening of ZnS nanoparticle in concentrated NaOH.
24  osmotic adjustment
(35 times)
Botany
(24 times)
RWC (8 times)
ABA (3 times)
GABA (3 times)
1992 Osmotic Adjustment in Sorghum: II. Relationship to Gas Exchange Rates.
25  orbital atherectomy
(34 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
PCI (15 times)
RA (9 times)
MACE (8 times)
2010 Orbital atherectomy for symptomatic lower extremity disease.
26  orthogonal array
(34 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
DoE (12 times)
ANOVA (5 times)
SEM (4 times)
1994 Freeze-fracture analysis of muscle plasma membrane in Becker's muscular dystrophy.
27  osteoactivin
(34 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
GPNMB (4 times)
WT (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
2003 Osteoactivin expressed during cirrhosis development in rats fed a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined diet, accelerates motility of hepatoma cells.
28  obstructive apnea
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CA (11 times)
AHI (5 times)
HF (3 times)
1990 Influence of apnea type and sleep stage on nocturnal postapneic desaturation.
29  oligoastrocytomas
(27 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
OD (9 times)
AC (4 times)
AOA (4 times)
1997 A clinicopathologic study of 30 cases of oligoastrocytoma including p53 immunohistochemistry.
30  ophthalmic
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CRA (20 times)
RI (14 times)
EDV (11 times)
1996 Effect of oral nifedipine on ocular blood flow in patients with low tension glaucoma.
31  occiput anterior
(25 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
OP (20 times)
AoP (2 times)
OT/OP (2 times)
1987 Influence of the pelvic outlet capacity on fetal head presentation at delivery.
32  optical absorption
(25 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
PL (10 times)
NCs (4 times)
XRD (4 times)
1987 Determination of ruthenium on DNA by XRF.
33  octa acid
(24 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
CB7 (3 times)
CB8 (3 times)
TEMOA (3 times)
2009 Nature of supramolecular complexes controlled by the structure of the guest molecules: formation of octa acid based capsuleplex and cavitandplex.
34  ocular albinism
(23 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
OCA (13 times)
TYR (4 times)
AROA (2 times)
1994 Molecular genetics of oculocutaneous albinism.
35  osteoarthritis of the hip
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
ION (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
HA (2 times)
1982 [A biomechanical study of osteoarthritis of the knee with special reference to the rotatory movement of the knee joint].
36  Offset analgesia
(21 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
CPM (7 times)
VAS (2 times)
ANS (1 time)
2011 Effect of ketamine on endogenous pain modulation in healthy volunteers.
37  optic atrophy
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
DM (10 times)
DI (7 times)
WS (4 times)
1979 Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness. A clinical and genetic study.
38  oxidative addition
(21 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
RE (6 times)
DFT (4 times)
CMD (2 times)
1997 Comparison of H-H versus Si-H sigma-Bond Coordination and Activation on 16e Metal Fragments. Organosilane, N(2), and Ethylene Addition to the Agostic Complex W(CO)(3)(PR(3))(2) and Dynamic NMR Behavior of the Latter.
39  oesophageal adenocarcinoma
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
BM (3 times)
BO (3 times)
GCA (2 times)
1999 Acidic fibroblast growth factor is progressively increased in the development of oesophageal glandular dysplasia and adenocarcinoma.
40  oleanolic
(19 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MA (6 times)
UA (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2003 Cardiovascular, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant effects of oleanolic and ursolic acids in experimental hypertension.
41  oleate
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PA (8 times)
ALA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
1997 A two-site model for ApoB degradation in HepG2 cells.
42  obesity and osteoarthritis
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
BMI (4 times)
AKSS (1 time)
APLN (1 time)
1988 Osteoarthritis and obesity in the general population. A relationship calling for an explanation.
43  opioid analgesics
(18 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
ED (3 times)
BZD (2 times)
DDD (2 times)
1994 Evaluation of cost minimization strategies of anaesthetic drugs in a tertiary care hospital.
44  optic ataxia
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PPC (5 times)
POJ (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
2006 No double-dissociation between optic ataxia and visual agnosia: multiple sub-streams for multiple visuo-manual integrations.
45  organic anion
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
OC (3 times)
PAH (3 times)
APC (2 times)
1983 Organic anion infusions exacerbate experimental acute renal failure.
46  organic acidaemias
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
UCD (5 times)
PA (4 times)
MMA (3 times)
2000 Establishing gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to diagnose organic acidemias in Thailand.
47  Oroxylin A
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
AML (2 times)
BA (2 times)
OG (2 times)
2012 Pharmacokinetic interactions among major bioactive components in Radix Scutellariae via metabolic competition.
48  open approach
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
LA (11 times)
BMI (2 times)
MIA (2 times)
2007 [Intraabdominal septic complications in laparoscopic appendectomy: description of a possible new intraabdominal septic complication specific to laparoscopic appendectomy].
49  oatmeal agar
(14 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
PDA (9 times)
MEA (7 times)
ITS (5 times)
2007 Growth and mycotoxin production by Chaetomium globosum.
50  oligoasthenozoospermia
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
ICSI (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
FSH (2 times)
2000 Human male infertility: chromosome anomalies, meiotic disorders, abnormal spermatozoa and recurrent abortion.
51  osteoporosis and osteoarthritis
(13 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
BMD (4 times)
BMLs (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
1993 Bone mineral density and knee osteoarthritis in elderly men and women. The Framingham Study.
52  Orang Asli
(12 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
BMI (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
2015 Cardio-metabolic health risks in indigenous populations of Southeast Asia and the influence of urbanization.
53  OA group
(11 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AaDO2 (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1997 Impairment of neural nitric oxide-mediated relaxation after antigen exposure in guinea pig airways in vitro.
54  object alternation
(11 times)
Brain
(4 times)
DA (5 times)
DR (3 times)
WCST (3 times)
1990 Object alternation and orbitofrontal system dysfunction in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
55  oligo-anovulation
(11 times)
Gynecology
(7 times)
HA (11 times)
PCOS (11 times)
PCOM (8 times)
2006 Oligoanovulation with polycystic ovaries but not overt hyperandrogenism.
56  oxaloacetate
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ROS (3 times)
OXPHOS (2 times)
Pyr (2 times)
1987 Regulation of aerobic fermentation in Leishmania donovani promastigotes by NADP+-dependent malic enzyme.
57  L-ornithine-L-aspartate
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HE (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
1997 L-ornithine vs. L-ornithine-L-aspartate as a treatment for hyperammonemia-induced encephalopathy in rats.
58  occupational activity
(10 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
PA (5 times)
LTPA (3 times)
AT (1 time)
2001 Relationship of leisure-time physical activity and occupational activity to the prevalence of obesity.
59  oligo/amenorrhea
(10 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
PCOS (7 times)
HA (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
2014 Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: AMH in combination with clinical symptoms.
60  onset and progression of osteoarthritis
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
BTX-A (2 times)
OARSI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2004 Subchondral bone changes in hand and knee osteoarthritis detected by radiography.
61  optical activity
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CD (1 time)
CDSAs (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
2005 Pulse-off electro-optic Q-switch made of La3Ga5SiO14.
62  oral antibiotics
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
MBP (6 times)
SSI (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
2001 Antibiotic use, hospital admissions, and mortality before and after implementing guidelines for nursing home-acquired pneumonia.
63  orotate
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
DHO (5 times)
DHODS (3 times)
PRPP (3 times)
1979 Effect of 6-azauridine on de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis in cultured Ehrlich ascites cells. Orotate inhibition of dihydroorotase and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.
64  overall agreement
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
1997 [Cytohistological agreement of fine-needle transthoracic lung puncture-aspiration (FNTLPA) in malignant lesions].
65  anti-ovalbumin
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BAL (1 time)
CyA (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
1978 Severe combined immunodeficiency disease: a model of T-cell dysfunction.
66  Odontoameloblastoma
(9 times)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(3 times)
WHO (1 time)
2002 Odontoameloblastoma. Clinico-pathologic study of three cases and critical review of the literature.
67  open arm
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EPM (5 times)
CA (2 times)
CSC (2 times)
2004 Neurobiological correlates of high (HAB) versus low anxiety-related behavior (LAB): differential Fos expression in HAB and LAB rats.
68  opioid addiction
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
DM (1 time)
DOA (1 time)
1998 A pilot study comparing severely and persistently mentally ill opiate-addicted patients in dual-diagnosis treatment with patients in methadone maintenance.
69  oral apparatus
(8 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
CVP (1 time)
mum (1 time)
OP (1 time)
1980 Ultrastructural aspect of size dependent regulation of surface pattern of complex ciliary organelle in a protozoan ciliate.
70  organic amendments
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
FC (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2010 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus enhances P acquisition of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a sandy loam soil with long-term inorganic fertilization regime.
71  osteoarthritis patients
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
RA (4 times)
HS (2 times)
SF (2 times)
1990 Cellular enzymatic activities in the articular cartilage of osteoarthritic and osteoporotic hip joints of humans: a quantitative cytochemical study.
72  ovarian ablation
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AI (5 times)
CMF (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2000 Current and future directions in medical therapy for breast carcinoma: endocrine treatment.
73  obturator artery
(7 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
IEA (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
OV (2 times)
2004 Important anatomical structures used in paravaginal defect repair: cadaveric study.
74  octreotide acetate
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BT (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
1994 Postreceptor signal transduction mechanisms involved in octreotide-induced inhibition of angiogenesis.
75  ocular artifacts
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DWT (4 times)
EEG (4 times)
ANC (3 times)
2008 Quantitative evaluation of ocular artifact removal methods based on real and estimated EOG signals.
76  oleuropein aglycone
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EVOO (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
DOA (1 time)
2010 Separation and identification of phenolic compounds of extra virgin olive oil from Olea europaea L. by HPLC-DAD-SPE-NMR/MS. Identification of a new diastereoisomer of the aldehydic form of oleuropein aglycone.
77  oncolytic adenovirus
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
Ad5 (1 time)
BCMNs (1 time)
E1A (1 time)
2014 The application of multiple miRNA response elements enables oncolytic adenoviruses to possess specificity to glioma cells.
78  open-aperture
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
SA (4 times)
RSA (2 times)
TPA (2 times)
2008 Nonlinear absorption in CuPc-doped PMMA thin film in the femtosecond regime: experimental and theoretical studies.
79  orbital apex
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
FR (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2013 A quantitative method for assessing the degree of axial proptosis in relation to orbital tissue involvement in Graves' orbitopathy.
80  oropharyngeal aspiration
(7 times)
Stem Cells
(2 times)
ALI (2 times)
BALF (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2006 Oropharyngeal aspiration of a silica suspension produces a superior model of silicosis in the mouse when compared to intratracheal instillation.
81  occlusal appliance
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
RT (3 times)
CO (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2013 The occlusal appliance effect on myofascial pain.
82  occurrence and development of osteoarthritis
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACLT (1 time)
ATF4 (1 time)
BDKRB2 (1 time)
2012 [hMLH1 gene promoter methylation in joint cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis].
83  octadecylamine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
CA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2015 Hydrophobic surface functionalization of lignocellulosic jute fabrics by enzymatic grafting of octadecylamine.
84  ocular allergy
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
QOL (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AdolRQLQ (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic tools in ocular allergy.
85  older-aged
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MA (5 times)
YA (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2008 Age-related attenuation of isoflurane preconditioning in human atrial cardiomyocytes: roles for mitochondrial respiration and sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel activity.
86  opening angle
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
CA (1 time)
Ep (1 time)
2009 A transesophageal echocardiographic and cine-fluoroscopic evaluation of an ATS prosthetic valve opening.
87  oral-aboral
(6 times)
Embryology
(4 times)
Chd (1 time)
DV (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2003 Coquillette, a sea urchin T-box gene of the Tbx2 subfamily, is expressed asymmetrically along the oral-aboral axis of the embryo and is involved in skeletogenesis.
88  orifice area
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
3D-TEE (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1989 The Gorlin formula validated against directly observed orifice area in porcine mitral bioprostheses.
89  Orolingual angioedema
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
rt-PA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
2009 [Orolingual angioedema under systemic thrombolysis with rt-PA: an underestimated side effect].
90  overall
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AP (3 times)
ML (3 times)
AS (1 time)
1992 [Prognostic and therapeutic significance of steroid receptors in invasive breast cancer].
91  Overeaters Anonymous
(6 times)
Eating Disorders
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
ED (1 time)
1989 Towards an ecological understanding of mutual-help groups: the social ecology of "fit".
92  octanoic
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DA (4 times)
MCAD (2 times)
MCADD (2 times)
1990 Transepithelial transport of aliphatic carboxylic acids studied in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell monolayers.
93  ocular adnexal
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
BL (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2015 Ocular adnexal (orbital) solitary fibrous tumor: nuclear STAT6 expression and literature review.
94  old age
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MA (3 times)
YA (2 times)
DHEAS (1 time)
2012 Testosterone deficiency causes penile fibrosis and organic erectile dysfunction in aging men. Evaluating association among Age, TDS and ED.
95  oligo-amenorrheic athletes
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
EA (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
DT (2 times)
2002 Energy balance and luteal phase progesterone levels in elite adolescent aesthetic athletes.
96  OP and osteoarthritis
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
MSCs (2 times)
ON (2 times)
OP (2 times)
2010 Subchondral bone microstructural damage by increased remodelling aggravates experimental osteoarthritis preceded by osteoporosis.
97  open angle
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AC (4 times)
ACA (2 times)
AL (2 times)
2012 Choroidal thickness change after water drinking is greater in angle closure than in open angle eyes.
98  operational architectonics
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2006 Timing in cognition and EEG brain dynamics: discreteness versus continuity.
99  Ophthalmic acid
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
APAP-ALF (1 time)
AST (1 time)
LC-MS-MS (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of BEH C18, BEH HILIC, and HSS T3 (C18) column chemistries for the UPLC-MS-MS analysis of glutathione, glutathione disulfide, and ophthalmic acid in mouse liver and human plasma.
100  oriens-alveus
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
mGluRs (2 times)
1S,3R-ACPD (1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
1997 Interneuron-specific Ca2+ responses linked to metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors in rat hippocampal slices.