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Abbreviation: OBS
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Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
observation
(67 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
OS (21 times)
PFS (10 times)
HR (9 times)
2000 High- and low-dose interferon alfa-2b in high-risk melanoma: first analysis of intergroup trial E1690/S9111/C9190.
organic brain syndrome
(44 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
ADHD (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
FHT (2 times)
1977 Pharmacotherapy for organic brain syndrome in late life. Evaluation of an ergot derivative vs placebo.
Oncoplastic breast surgery
(24 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
BCS (4 times)
BCT (4 times)
BASO (1 time)
2010 Oncoplastic breast surgery: a review and systematic approach.
oxidative balance score
(22 times)
Epidemiology
(9 times)
CRP (3 times)
CIs (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
2008 A summary measure of pro- and anti-oxidant exposures and risk of incident, sporadic, colorectal adenomas.
Optimal Basis Set
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
BCG (8 times)
EEG (6 times)
ICA (6 times)
2007 Improved quality of auditory event-related potentials recorded simultaneously with 3-T fMRI: removal of the ballistocardiogram artefact.
orthotopic bladder substitution
(12 times)
Urology
(10 times)
RC (3 times)
IC (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2003 Continent urinary tract reconstruction - the Lund experience.
observational studies
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
RCTs (6 times)
AE (2 times)
IABP (2 times)
2010 A systematic assessment of the quality of reporting for platelet transfusion studies.
optical burst switching
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
QoS (3 times)
JET (2 times)
DR (1 time)
2005 Reservation information sharing enhancement for deflection routing in OBS network.
Opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy
(8 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
EOC (3 times)
EBL (1 time)
JSGO (1 time)
2015 Opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy during gynaecological surgery for benign disease: A survey of current Australian practice.
10  overactive bladder syndrome
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
FD (1 time)
FHB (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2007 Comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin succinate with or without previous use of trospium chloride.
11  4-octylbenzene sulfonate
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DBS (4 times)
CW (2 times)
EBS (2 times)
2005 Degradation of alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactants by pulsed ultrasound.
12  Overt Behaviour Scale
(6 times)
Brain
(4 times)
ABI (1 time)
BoC (1 time)
COs (1 time)
2006 The Overt Behaviour Scale (OBS): a tool for measuring challenging behaviours following ABI in community settings.
13  orthosteric binding site
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SBP (4 times)
D2R (2 times)
7-OH-DPAT (1 time)
2012 Molecular determinants of selectivity and efficacy at the dopamine D3 receptor.
14  observer
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DEM (2 times)
CNRs (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2007 Assessment of cerebrospinal fluid outflow conductance using an adaptive observer--experimental and clinical evaluation.
15  Ocean Bottom Seismometers
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SNR (1 time)
2012 Ocean bottom seismometer: design and test of a measurement system for marine seismology.
16  optimal basis sets
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BCG (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2014 Ballistocardiogram artifact removal with a reference layer and standard EEG cap.
17  obesity
(3 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
T2D (2 times)
BP (1 time)
c-MetS (1 time)
1996 Chromosomal localization of the bovine obesity (OBS) gene.
18  obestatin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GHREL (2 times)
GGT (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2009 Expression of prepro-ghrelin and related receptor genes in the rat adrenal gland and evidences that ghrelin exerts a potent stimulating effect on corticosterone secretion by cultured rat adrenocortical cells.
19  obliterative bronchiolitis syndrome
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
LT (1 time)
1996 Delayed development of obliterative bronchiolitis syndrome with OKT3 after unilateral lung transplantation. A plea for multicenter immunosuppressive trials.
20  observational cohort studies
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
RCT (3 times)
CI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2016 Buprenorphine compared with methadone to treat pregnant women with opioid use disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of safety in the mother, fetus and child.
21  obstruction group
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ADJ (1 time)
BT (1 time)
LAP (1 time)
2006 Acute nonspecific abdominal pain: A randomized, controlled trial comparing early laparoscopy versus clinical observation.
22  open burning site
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CDW (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Health risk assessment of abandoned agricultural soils based on heavy metal contents in Hong Kong, the world's most populated city.
23  optical backscatter sensor
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ADV (2 times)
SSC (2 times)
ADCP (1 time)
2015 Suspended particulate matter estimates using optical and acoustic sensors: application in Nestos River plume (Thracian Sea, North Aegean Sea).
24  optical biopsy system
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
BE (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1995 Spectroscopic diagnosis of bladder cancer with elastic light scattering.
25  orbital basis set
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ABS (2 times)
ABSs (1 time)
auto-ABS (1 time)
2007 Automatically generated Coulomb fitting basis sets: design and accuracy for systems containing H to Kr.
26  ouabain-binding sites
(3 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
5'D-II (1 time)
ATPase (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
1990 Factors determining the differential tissue response of Na/K-ATPase to thyroid hormone in the neonatal rat.
27  Oxygen Biosensor System
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CLPP (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2006 Characterization of methods for determining sterilization efficacy and reuse efficiency of oxygen biosensor multiwell plates.
28  obese
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
AN (1 time)
BED (1 time)
2014 Eating attitudes of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity without eating disorder female patients: differences and similarities.
29  obesity gene
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1996 Partial characterization of porcine obesity gene (OBS) and its localization to chromosome 18 by somatic cell hybrids.
30  obsessionality
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ANX (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1977 The contribution of psychological features to the symptoms of treated hypertensive patients.
31  obsessive-compulsive
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
CM (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
2014 Identification and characterization of college students with attenuated psychosis syndrome in China.
32  obsessive-compulsive disorder
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
MO (2 times)
MOODS (1 time)
2011 Psychopathological profile of patients with chronic migraine and medication overuse: study and findings in 50 cases.
33  obstruction
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
FG (1 time)
1995 Alpha-1,4-glucosidase activity and the presence of germinal epithelium cells in the semen for differential diagnosis of obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia.
34  office-based surgery
(2 times)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
WMSDs (1 time)
2010 Instituting an office-based surgery program in the gynecologist's office.
35  Ohdo blepharophimosis syndrome
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
BPES (1 time)
1998 Vertical transmission of the Ohdo blepharophimosis syndrome.
36  Oily Bird Syndrome
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1980 Reproduction of the Oily Bird Syndrome in broilers.
37  Operation Bright Star
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
CF (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2006 Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli colonization factor types collected from 1997 to 2001 in US military personnel during operation Bright Star in northern Egypt.
38  optical backscattering
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
OCT (2 times)
ORC (2 times)
ORI (2 times)
2011 Effects of optical beam angle on quantitative optical coherence tomography (OCT) in normal and surface degenerated bovine articular cartilage.
39  optical breast spectroscopy
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
MBD (1 time)
MPD (1 time)
2017 A multi-wavelength, laser-based optical spectroscopy device for breast density and breast cancer risk pre-screening.
40  optimal baseline selection
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
2010 Efficient temperature compensation strategies for guided wave structural health monitoring.
41  optimal brain surgeon
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
OBD (1 time)
1995 Pruning of a large network by optimal brain damage and surgeon: an example from biological sequence analysis.
42  optimized background score
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
VL (2 times)
VR (2 times)
GIQ (1 time)
2008 Tipranavir (TPV) genotypic inhibitory quotient predicts virological response at 48 weeks to TPV-based salvage regimens.
43  3H-ouabain concentration on erythrocytes
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EDLF (1 time)
2003 Circulating endogenous digitalis-like factor(s) (EDLF) in man is derived from the adrenals and its secretion is ACTH-dependent.
44  based on S
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2005 Plant generalization on pollinators: species property or local phenomenon?
45  indium-octreotide brain scintigraphy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FDG-PET (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2007 The role of 111indium-octreotide brain scintigraphy in the diagnosis of cranial, dural-based meningiomas.
46  o-Benzenedisulfonimide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TMSCN (1 time)
2012 o-Benzenedisulfonimide and its chiral derivative as Bronsted acids catalysts for one-pot three-component Strecker reaction. Synthetic and mechanistic aspects.
47  obese subjects who experienced weight loss after bariatric surgery
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
CANO (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2015 Low alveolar and bronchial nitric oxide in severe uncomplicated obesity.
48  Obesity Beliefs Scale
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2007 Beliefs regarding the consequences of obesity and ideal weight: an instrument development study.
49  Objective Burden Scale
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2002 A multidimensional measure of caregiving appraisal: validation of the Caregiver Appraisal Scale in traumatic brain injury.
50  obliterans syndrome
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Particular phenotypic profile of blood lymphocytes during obliterative bronchiolitis syndrome following lung transplantation.
51  OBS and EW
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EROD (1 time)
2015 Human health risk assessment of soil dioxin/furans contamination and dioxin-like activity determined by ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase bioassay.
52  observation alone
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2007 The use of a computed tomography scan to rule out appendicitis in women of childbearing age is as accurate as clinical examination: a prospective randomized trial.
53  observation of abusive violence
(1 time)
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
(1 time)
CES (1 time)
PARTC (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2016 The effects of combat exposure, abusive violence, and sense of coherence on PTSD and depression in Portuguese colonial war veterans.
54  Observation of actual behaviour
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BIO (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
HAB (1 time)
2004 [Construction of a scale to signal personality disorders in the elderly].
55  observation only
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MDD (1 time)
SCH (1 time)
TMS (1 time)
2016 Can Medication Free, Treatment-Resistant, Depressed Patients Who Initially Respond to TMS Be Maintained Off Medications? A Prospective, 12-Month Multisite Randomized Pilot Study.
56  observation plus therapeutic neck dissection for nodal relapse
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
END (1 time)
2015 Elective versus therapeutic neck dissection in node-negative oral cancer: Evidence from five randomized controlled trials.
57  observation strategies
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
IMT (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2017 Healthcare costs among men with favorable risk prostate cancer managed with observation strategies versus immediate treatment in an integrated healthcare system.
58  observation time
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
OME (1 time)
OR (1 time)
TYM-B (1 time)
2018 National quality evaluation of peri-surgical hearing care for pediatric otitis media with effusion.
59  Observation units
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Observation units: boom or bust for emergency medicine.
60  observation-only group
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EQ (1 time)
2010 A tailored intervention to support pharmacy-based counseling for smoking cessation.
61  observe the action attentively
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
IMIT (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
2007 Corticomotor facilitation associated with observation, imagery and imitation of hand actions: a comparative study in young and old adults.
62  observed analysis
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ITT (1 time)
LAN (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2001 Lansoprazole-based triple therapy versus ranitidine bismuth citrate-based dual therapy in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with duodenal ulcer: a multicenter, randomized, double-dummy study.
63  observed decay rate constants, k
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ISC (1 time)
2001 A laser flash photolysis and quantum chemical study of the fluorinated derivatives of singlet phenylnitrene.
64  observed French diet
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
NEB (1 time)
NEB-CP (1 time)
2018 Integrating nutrient bioavailability and co-production links when identifying sustainable diets: How low should we reduce meat consumption?
65  observed variables
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
CRB (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
PRO (1 time)
2012 Towards power and sample size calculations for the comparison of two groups of patients with item response theory models.
66  Observer software
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Drinking behavior in nursery pigs: determining the accuracy between an automatic water meter versus human observers.
67  Obsessive subscale
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUQ (1 time)
OCDS (1 time)
PACS (1 time)
2003 Alcohol craving predicts drinking during treatment: an analysis of three assessment instruments.
68  Obsessiveness Content Scale
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
NMP-Q (1 time)
2018 Addicted to cellphones: exploring the psychometric properties between the nomophobia questionnaire and obsessiveness in college students.
69  obstacle
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
COM (1 time)
2003 Locomotor adjustments for circumvention of an obstacle in the travel path.
70  Obstetrician
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
NFATSIH (1 time)
RANZCOG (1 time)
2017 Do Clinicians Ask Pregnant Women about Exposures to Tobacco and Cannabis Smoking, Second-Hand-Smoke and E-Cigarettes? An Australian National Cross-Sectional Survey.
71  obstructed breathing during sleep
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1999 The nasal airway and obstructed breathing during sleep.
72  obstructed females
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2011 Effects of anabolic androgenic steroids and social subjugation on behavior and neurochemistry in male rats.
73  obstructed, sexually receptive female
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2007 Factors influencing aggression toward females by male rats exposed to anabolic androgenic steroids during puberty.
74  obstruction of blood stasis
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DHT (1 time)
DQB (1 time)
DQY (1 time)
2013 Relationship between EGF, TGFA, and EGFR Gene Polymorphisms and Traditional Chinese Medicine ZHENG in Gastric Cancer.
75  occluded bed size
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1986 Difference in the relation between infarct and occluded bed in pentobarbital-anesthetized and conscious dogs.
76  odor-baited station
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2010 An extra-domiciliary method of delivering entomopathogenic fungus, Metharizium anisopliae IP 46 for controlling adult populations of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis.
77  office-based surgical
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
VTE (1 time)
2018 Office-based surgery and patient outcomes.
78  oil from black seed
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
2017 Novel therapeutic approaches of natural oil from black seeds and its underlying mechanisms against kidney dysfunctions in haloperidol-induced male rats.
79  oily beach sand waste
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2000 Effects of beach sand properties, temperature and rainfall on the degradation rates of oil in buried oil/beach sand mixtures.
80  old black spruce
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
BOREAS (1 time)
IFC (1 time)
OJP (1 time)
1998 Parameterization and testing of a coupled photosynthesis-stomatal conductance model for boreal trees.
81  OmpR binding sequence
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1990 Enhancement of RNA polymerase binding to promoters by a transcriptional activator, OmpR, in Escherichia coli: its positive and negative effects on transcription.
82  On-bead screening
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CONA (1 time)
2009 Confocal nanoscanning, bead picking (CONA): PickoScreen microscopes for automated and quantitative screening of one-bead one-compound libraries.
83  ONE broth-Salmonella
(1 time)
Food Microbiology
(1 time)
BPW-RVS (1 time)
XLD (1 time)
2017 A Single-Step Enrichment Medium for Nonchromogenic Isolation of Healthy and Cold-Injured Salmonella spp. from Fresh Vegetables.
84  Ontario Birth Study
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 The Ontario Birth Study: A prospective pregnancy cohort study integrating perinatal research into clinical care.
85  Open Barbell System
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
TWAS (1 time)
2018 Validity of the Open Barbell and Tendo Weightlifting Analyzer Systems Versus the Optotrak Certus 3D Motion Capture System for Barbell Velocity.
86  opioid bowel syndrome
(1 time)
Analgesics, Opioid
(1 time)
--- 2005 The opioid bowel syndrome: a review of pathophysiology and treatment.
87  optical beam shaper
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Geometrical-transformation approach to optical two-dimensional beam shaping.
88  optically bound structure
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Dynamics of an optically bound structure made of particles of unequal sizes.
89  optimal binding site
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
chIRF-3 (1 time)
IRFs (1 time)
ISRE (1 time)
2000 DNA binding and transcription activation by chicken interferon regulatory factor-3 (chIRF-3).
90  opto-biological signature
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DRPE (1 time)
SRPE (1 time)
2018 Automatic multicell identification using a compact lensless single and double random phase encoding system.
91  Oral Biopsy Service
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
OPLs (1 time)
2012 Unique FISH patterns associated with cancer progression of oral dysplasia.
92  oral budesonide suspension
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EoE (1 time)
2015 Efficacy and safety of oral budesonide suspension in pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis.
93  oral burning sensation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BMS (1 time)
2010 Oral burning sensation: prevalence and gender differences in a Japanese population.
94  orchidectomized horses in the breeding season
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
GBS (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2004 Gonadotroph heterogeneity, density and distribution, and gonadotroph-lactotroph associations in the pars distalis of the male equine pituitary gland.
95  Organic Brain Syndrome Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DDS (1 time)
1997 Cognitive impairment and social distress as different pathways to depression in the elderly: a cross-sectional study.
96  Orthodontic Bone Stretching
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Treatment of ankylosed teeth by segmental corticotomy: the Orthodontic Bone Stretching technique. Preliminary study].
97  orthotopic substitution
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
KPS (1 time)
2009 Orthotopic neobladder versus ileal conduit urinary diversion after cystectomy--a quality-of-life based comparison.
98  other Bacteroides species
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1980 Gram-negative anaerobic bacilli: their role in infection and patterns of susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. I. Little-known Bacteroides species.
99  Ottawa bowel preparation scale
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ONS (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2014 Can nutritional supplements and rectal enema be used as bowel cleansing for colonoscopy?--Results of a randomized controlled pilot study.
100  Oulu Back Study
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
COR (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2013 Body mass index is associated with lumbar disc degeneration in young Finnish males: subsample of Northern Finland birth cohort study 1986.