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Abbreviation: OC
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Long forms: 812

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteocalcin
(2108 times)
Metabolism
(399 times)
ALP (526 times)
BMD (369 times)
OPG (166 times)
1983 Biologic determinants of dystrophic calcification and osteocalcin deposition in glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine aortic valve leaflets implanted subcutaneously in rats.
oral contraceptive
(1652 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(418 times)
CI (126 times)
OR (97 times)
EE (96 times)
1975 Insulin metabolism, insulin sensitivity and hormonal responses to insulin infusion in patients taking oral contraceptive steroids.
ovarian cancer
(1421 times)
Neoplasms
(698 times)
OS (106 times)
BC (76 times)
PFS (69 times)
1983 A comparative study of complement components in polyethylene glycol precipitated immune complexes from patients with ovarian cancer and patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
organic carbon
(1242 times)
Environmental Health
(1006 times)
EC (508 times)
PM (108 times)
BC (95 times)
1988 The environmental behavior of chemicals in soil: atrazine as an example.
organochlorine
(372 times)
Environmental Health
(288 times)
PCBs (123 times)
POPs (38 times)
PCB (34 times)
1984 Pollutants in harp seals (Phoca groenlandica). I. Organochlorines.
osteoclast
(347 times)
Orthopedics
(63 times)
RANKL (80 times)
OB (52 times)
TRAP (33 times)
1983 Differential sensitivity of osteoclasts and osteoblasts suggests that prostaglandin E1 effects on bone may be mediated primarily through the osteoclasts.
obsessive-compulsive
(298 times)
Psychiatry
(168 times)
OCD (124 times)
Y-BOCS (20 times)
TS (17 times)
1987 Relationship of skin conductance activity to clinical features in obsessive-compulsive ritualizers.
open cholecystectomy
(270 times)
General Surgery
(180 times)
LC (250 times)
CBD (15 times)
ERCP (12 times)
1991 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less expensive than open cholecystectomy.
osteochondrosis
(146 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(71 times)
OCD (15 times)
CT (8 times)
QTL (7 times)
1983 [Effect of housing on incidence and severity of osteochondrosis (OC) in fattening swine: comparison between housing in open front sty (OF) with deep straw bedding and closed sty with partly slatted floor (PS)].
10  oral cancer
(140 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
OSCC (9 times)
CI (6 times)
OPMDs (6 times)
1991 Usefulness of serum glycoconjugates in precancerous and cancerous diseases of the oral cavity.
11  ovarian carcinoma
(135 times)
Neoplasms
(60 times)
OS (9 times)
PFS (9 times)
HR (6 times)
1984 [Intracarotid arterial infusion with CDDP in combination with angiotensin II].
12  optical colonoscopy
(90 times)
Radiology
(26 times)
CTC (62 times)
CRC (18 times)
FOBT (8 times)
2004 Location of adenomas missed by optical colonoscopy.
13  oral candidiasis
(84 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
HIV (14 times)
HAART (13 times)
OHL (10 times)
1985 Oral candidiasis--its pleomorphic clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment.
14  open colectomy
(79 times)
General Surgery
(46 times)
LC (38 times)
LAC (24 times)
HALC (6 times)
1994 Laparoscopic colectomy: at what cost?
15  oseltamivir carboxylate
(79 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
OP (10 times)
OS (6 times)
AUC (4 times)
2006 In vitro efficacies of oseltamivir carboxylate and zanamivir against equine influenza A viruses.
16  oesophageal cancer
(68 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
OS (7 times)
EUS (5 times)
SCC (5 times)
1987 Oesophageal and other main cancer patterns in four districts of Transkei, 1981-1984.
17  olivocochlear
(63 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
MOC (12 times)
OHCs (9 times)
LOC (8 times)
1983 The dual origins of the olivocochlear bundle in the albino rat.
18  occipitocervical
(59 times)
Neurosurgery
(23 times)
CT (7 times)
AA (4 times)
CVJ (3 times)
2004 Complications of fixation to the occiput-anatomical and design implications.
19  oral cavity
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
OP (24 times)
HP (9 times)
SCC (9 times)
1996 Local tumor control in radiation therapy of cancers in the head and neck.
20  octocrylene
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
BP-3 (20 times)
EHMC (20 times)
4-MBC (17 times)
2006 Concentrations and specific loads of UV filters in sewage sludge originating from a monitoring network in Switzerland.
21  osteochondral
(49 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
TE (6 times)
SF (5 times)
OA (4 times)
2002 Inadequate placement of osteochondral plugs may induce abnormal stress-strain distributions in articular cartilage --finite element simulations.
22  occipital cortex
(40 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FC (7 times)
PD (6 times)
PC (5 times)
1983 Ca2+-dependence of 3H-catecholamines release evoked by black widow spider venom gland extract in rat hypothalamus, occipital cortex and caudate nucleus.
23  organ culture
(40 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
ECD (4 times)
vECD (3 times)
VSV (3 times)
1976 Human corneal endothelial layer repair during organ culture.
24  open circular
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
SC (28 times)
pDNA (11 times)
ccc (8 times)
1988 Energy-structure correlations of plasmid DNA in different topological forms.
25  optic chiasm
(36 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
ON (6 times)
MRI (4 times)
OT (4 times)
1978 Role of the locus coeruleus in transmission onto anterior colliculus neurons.
26  observed cases
(33 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
LOCF (21 times)
ITT (8 times)
AD (4 times)
2001 Effective resolution with olanzapine of acute presentation of behavioral agitation and positive psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia.
27  organ-confined
(32 times)
Urology
(22 times)
RP (11 times)
PCa (9 times)
PSA (8 times)
1997 Clinical significance of repeat sextant biopsies in prostate cancer patients.
28  organochlorine compounds
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
HCB (7 times)
PCBs (7 times)
DDE (3 times)
1994 Pathology and toxicology of beluga whales from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada. Past, present and future.
29  oxygen consumption
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MRA (3 times)
DO (2 times)
HMP (2 times)
1982 The effects of pre- and postweaning dietary protein levels of mitochondrial metabolism in developing liver and interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) in rats.
30  optic canal
(28 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
FR (6 times)
CT (5 times)
SOF (5 times)
2004 Surgical anatomy and efficient modification of procedures for selective extradural anterior clinoidectomy.
31  occipital condyle
(27 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
FM (5 times)
HC (5 times)
JT (4 times)
1999 Far lateral transcondylar approach: dimensional anatomy.
32  organic
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
EC (7 times)
IC (5 times)
TC (4 times)
1999 Employee exposure to diesel exhaust in the electric utility industry.
33  oleoresin capsicum
(26 times)
Jurisprudence
(5 times)
CN (4 times)
AMPK (1 time)
AN (1 time)
1995 Oleoresin capsicum (pepper) spray and "in-custody deaths".
34  obstetric cholestasis
(23 times)
Obstetrics
(11 times)
LFT (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1988 Maternal features of obstetric cholestasis: 20 years experience at King George V Hospital.
35  olfactory cleft
(23 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
CT (8 times)
CRS (7 times)
ESS (6 times)
2005 Comparison of delivery of topical medications to the paranasal sinuses via "vertex-to-floor" position and atomizer spray after FESS.
36  outer core
(23 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
IC (8 times)
LPS (6 times)
O-PS (3 times)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
37  overcommitment
(23 times)
Occupational Medicine
(9 times)
ERI (16 times)
HPA (4 times)
CAR (1 time)
2004 Effort-reward imbalance among nurses in stable countries and in countries in transition.
38  open circuit
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PFOA (3 times)
SC (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1983 Studies on the effect of the pyrethroid insecticide Decamethrin on ionic transport through the in vitro skin of Rana esculenta.
39  oxidized cellulose
(20 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
aa (1 time)
ABS (1 time)
AGU (1 time)
1982 p-Amino salicylic acid - oxidized cellulose system: a model for long term drug delivery.
40  optic cup
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
OD (6 times)
CDR (4 times)
ONH (3 times)
2002 Cup-to-disc ratio, intraocular pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma in retinal venous occlusion.
41  organizational commitment
(18 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
JS (4 times)
TI (4 times)
OCB (3 times)
1998 Organizational commitment among intercollegiate head athletic trainers: examining our work environment.
42  octreotide
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SS (3 times)
TETA (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1993 Octreotide treatment does not affect the size of most non-functioning pituitary adenomas.
43  old control
(17 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
YC (15 times)
OE (4 times)
SOL (3 times)
1990 Effect of exercise on physiological age-related change at mouse neuromuscular junctions.
44  oocyte cryopreservation
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
AMH (2 times)
FP (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2010 Oocyte cryopreservation outcomes including pre-cryopreservation and post-thaw meiotic spindle evaluation following slow cooling and vitrification of human oocytes.
45  organic carbon content
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
CEC (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2002 Atrazine and metribuzin sorption in soils of the Argentinean humid pampas.
46  organizational culture
(17 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
IPC (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2004 The relationship of system-level quality improvement with quality of depression care.
47  oxycodone
(17 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ER (7 times)
IR (5 times)
OM (5 times)
1990 Influence of polarity on dose-response relationships of intrathecal opioids in rats.
48  obese control
(16 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
BMI (5 times)
LC (5 times)
HFD (2 times)
1993 Serum growth hormone response to growth hormone-releasing hormone in non-obese and obese adults with hypopituitarism.
49  olfactory cortex
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
OB (10 times)
GCs (2 times)
MCs (2 times)
1986 Plasticity in the rat olfactory cortex.
50  organic C
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
EC (2 times)
TN (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1999 Sorption and desorption of triadimefon by soils and model soil colloids.
51  obstetric complications
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
OR (2 times)
COS (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
1995 Obstetric complications and autoantibodies in schizophrenia.
52  odor concentration
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
TOC (2 times)
VOCs (2 times)
VR (2 times)
1999 Interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 differentially regulate ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression on human lung fibroblasts.
53  operating characteristic
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ASN (3 times)
API (1 time)
APSD (1 time)
1985 The use of historical data for estimating the number of samples required for monitoring drinking water.
54  oral clefts
(13 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CP (5 times)
CL (3 times)
CLP (3 times)
2003 Preliminary data on changes in neural tube defect prevalence rates after folic acid fortification in South America.
55  organizing center
(13 times)
Botany
(4 times)
QC (7 times)
WUS (6 times)
CLV3 (5 times)
2003 [External serology quality control programs developed in Latin America with the support of PAHO from 1997 through 2000].
56  organochlorine pesticides
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
PCB (2 times)
PCBs (2 times)
beta-HCH (1 time)
1997 Analysis of breast milk to assess exposure to chlorinated contaminants in Kazakstan: PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in southern Kazakstan.
57  operative cholangiography
(12 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
CBD (5 times)
LC (5 times)
ERCP (3 times)
1992 When is routine operative cholangiography necessary? An evaluation of 200 consecutive patients operated on for gallbladder stones.
58  optical clearing
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
RI (2 times)
CRI (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2013 Elucidation of the mechanisms of optical clearing in collagen tissue with multiphoton imaging.
59  orbital cellulitis
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
SPA (3 times)
CST (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1988 The role of C.T. scans in managing the orbital complications of ethmoiditis.
60  oblongifolin C
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GK (2 times)
BMMCs (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2012 A new anticancer compound, oblongifolin C, inhibits tumor growth and promotes apoptosis in HeLa cells through Bax activation.
61  odontogenic cysts
(11 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
OKC (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2002 Odontogenic cysts. Analysis of 856 cases.
62  Orange County
(11 times)
Epidemiology
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
DOT (1 time)
2005 Changes in the newborn delivery practice and neonatal outcomes as financing changed in Los Angeles County and Orange County, California.
63  orofacial clefts
(11 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
CLP (3 times)
CP (3 times)
CL (2 times)
2002 Coxsackie viral infection and orofacial cleft.
64  oropharyngeal cancer
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HPV (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
IMRT (2 times)
2006 Treatment of oropharyngeal cancer in renal transplant recipients without cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.
65  outpatient clinics
(11 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HC (4 times)
ED (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 Response of diastolic blood pressure to long-term sodium restriction is posture related.
66  other cancers
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
EBV (2 times)
GMT (2 times)
1983 Epstein-Barr virus antibody titers in cancer of the head and neck.
67  (-)-Oleocanthal
(9 times)
Food
(3 times)
EVOO (6 times)
BC (3 times)
ASM (1 time)
2015 (-)-Oleocanthal rapidly and selectively induces cancer cell death via lysosomal membrane permeabilization.
68  occipital
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
APtN (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1983 Corticopontine remodelling after cortical and/or cerebellar lesions in newborn rats.
69  oil content
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
SSRs (3 times)
GCA (2 times)
SCA (2 times)
2007 Improvement of dewatering capacity of a petrochemical sludge.
70  oleocanthal
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EVOO (5 times)
AD (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2009 Alzheimer's-associated Abeta oligomers show altered structure, immunoreactivity and synaptotoxicity with low doses of oleocanthal.
71  olive cake
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AGPR (1 time)
ASOC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2004 Emission characteristics of co-combustion of sewage sludge with olive cake and lignite coal in a circulating fluidized bed.
72  omphalocele
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
GS (6 times)
AWD (2 times)
AWDs (1 time)
1996 Prenatal diagnosis and management of gastroschisis and omphalocele.
73  oncocytoma
(9 times)
Urology
(5 times)
CDC (4 times)
AML (2 times)
CC (2 times)
2002 Immunohistochemical profile of common epithelial neoplasms arising in the kidney.
74  Onecut
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ADA (1 time)
dINs (1 time)
HNF-6 (1 time)
2003 Cloning and embryonic expression pattern of the mouse Onecut transcription factor OC-2.
75  oral carcinoma
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
lncRNAs (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
CXCL14 (1 time)
1988 A rare human model for oncogenesis.
76  oxygen concentration
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
LO (1 time)
2007 Modeling oxygen effects in tissue-preparation neuronal-current MRI.
77  object control
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
FMS (3 times)
ASD (1 time)
AVGs (1 time)
2003 Influence of a motor skill intervention on fundamental motor skill development of disadvantaged preschool children.
78  oesophageal carcinoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BMI (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1989 Oesophageal carcinoma: cytopathology and nutritional aspects in aetiology.
79  Oncocytic carcinoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2006 Pedunculated oncocytic carcinoma in buccal mucosa: immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
80  oral challenge
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
SPT (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
1999 Allergy to beta-lactam antibiotics in children.
81  oval cell
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BEC (2 times)
CTGF (2 times)
DR (2 times)
2007 Fibronectin and laminin induce expression of islet cell markers in hepatic oval cells in culture.
82  obsessive and compulsive
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
HD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1996 Obsessive-compulsive disorder associated with brain lesions: clinical phenomenology, cognitive function, and anatomic correlates.
83  ocean color
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
VIIRS (3 times)
BRDF (1 time)
FOV (1 time)
2014 Radiometric calibration of ocean color satellite sensors using AERONET-OC data.
84  open-circuit voltage V
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
sc (4 times)
DSSCs (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2009 Self-assembly of semiconductor organogelator nanowires for photoinduced charge separation.
85  operation control
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
HPC (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
ABD (1 time)
1987 The hippocampus and conditioning to contextual cues.
86  oral communication
(7 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
TC (5 times)
AV (1 time)
HLM (1 time)
2000 Speech, vocabulary, and the education of children using cochlear implants: oral or total communication?
87  oral cryotherapy
(7 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
OM (3 times)
MM (2 times)
ASCT (1 time)
2008 Community pharmacists' knowledge of and attitudes toward oral chemotherapy.
88  oral hormonal contraceptives
(7 times)
Urology
(1 time)
DMT (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
1999 The effect of 1-year use of the CuT 380A and oral contraceptive pills on hemoglobin and ferritin levels.
89  organ-confined disease
(7 times)
Urology
(5 times)
ECE (5 times)
LNI (4 times)
SVI (4 times)
2005 Transition zone cancers undermine the predictive accuracy of Partin table stage predictions.
90  organic compounds
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ATP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2003 Structured interview on erectile dysfunction (SIEDY): a new, multidimensional instrument for quantification of pathogenetic issues on erectile dysfunction.
91  organoclay
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PAC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CWs (1 time)
2013 Chiral bio-nanocomposites based on thermally stable poly(amide-imide) having phenylalanine linkages and reactive organoclay containing tyrosine amino acid.
92  orthopedic control
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CHI (3 times)
HC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1993 First impressions count: a controlled investigation of social skill following closed head injury.
93  OC/H+
(6 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BBMV (1 time)
TMA (1 time)
1998 Influence of substrate structure on turnover of the organic cation/H+ exchanger of the renal luminal membrane.
94  occlusion
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BF (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1986 Relationship between left ventricular pressure and the calibrated apexcardiogram during abrupt outflow obstruction.
95  oligochitosan
(6 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
N,O-CMC (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2007 In vitro cytotoxicology model of oligo-chitosan and n, o-carboxymethyl chitosan using primary normal human epidermal keratinocyte cultures.
96  open conversion
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
EVAR (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AUI (1 time)
2012 Percutaneous endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: clinical evaluation and literature results.
97  operant conditioning
(6 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
PPI (2 times)
ASNN (1 time)
IDL (1 time)
2014 Operant conditioning: a minimal components requirement in artificial spiking neurons designed for bio-inspired robot's controller.
98  oral corticosteroids
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ABP (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1995 Phagocytosis and oxidative burst of blood phagocytes in chronic obstructive airway disease.
99  organic contaminant
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ARE (1 time)
CNMs (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
2013 Organic extract contaminants from drinking water activate Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response in a human cell line.
100  organic content
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BET (1 time)
CDNPs (1 time)
Cu (1 time)
2000 Extreme variation in the concentration of trace metals in sediments and bivalves from the Bilbao estuary (Spain) caused by the 1989-90 drought.