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Abbreviation: OCs
Appearance Frequency: 1766 time(s)
Long forms: 127

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
oral contraceptives
(752 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(241 times)
EE (57 times)
CI (52 times)
OR (37 times)
1975 Screening oral contraceptive candidates and inconsequential pelvic examinations.
osteoclasts
(194 times)
Metabolism
(30 times)
OBs (42 times)
RANKL (36 times)
MM (22 times)
1982 The relationship of monocytic cells to the differentiation and resorption of bone.
organochlorines
(166 times)
Environmental Health
(137 times)
PCBs (53 times)
HCB (27 times)
PBDEs (19 times)
1996 The Ojibwa Health Study: fish residue comparisons for Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Huron.
organochlorine compounds
(141 times)
Environmental Health
(119 times)
PCBs (53 times)
HCB (33 times)
PBDEs (15 times)
1991 Partitioning and levels of neutral organochlorine compounds in human serum, blood cells, and adipose and liver tissue.
organochlorine pesticides
(71 times)
Environmental Health
(52 times)
PCBs (38 times)
PAHs (7 times)
POPs (7 times)
2000 PCBs and organochlorines in tissues of silverside (Odontesthes bonariensis) from a coastal lagoon in Argentina.
obstetric complications
(68 times)
Psychiatry
(48 times)
AC (2 times)
AN (2 times)
AOR (2 times)
1987 Obstetric complications, neurodevelopmental deviance, and risk of schizophrenia.
organochlorine contaminants
(42 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
PCBs (13 times)
HCB (8 times)
OCPs (5 times)
1997 Concentrations and patterns of organic contaminants in Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) from Irish and Scottish coastal waters.
Osteoclasts
(35 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
M-CSF (6 times)
RANKL (4 times)
BM (3 times)
1991 Extracellular matrix receptor and platelet antigens on osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells.
organic cations
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
TEA (6 times)
MATE (4 times)
OCTs (4 times)
1995 Peritubular paraquat transport in isolated renal proximal tubules.
10  organic contaminants
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
PBDEs (3 times)
PCBs (3 times)
TU (2 times)
2006 Preliminary assessment of imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids for extraction of organic contaminants from soils.
11  ovarian cancers
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
AMH (1 time)
AMS (1 time)
BAP (1 time)
2003 Inhibition of the antiproliferative effect of TGFbeta by EGF in primary human ovarian cancer cells.
12  oral clefts
(13 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
CL (3 times)
CLP (3 times)
CP (3 times)
2000 Associated malformations in cases with oral clefts.
13  organic compounds
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CNTs (2 times)
LSER (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
2007 Kinetics of the reduction of hexavalent chromium with the brown seaweed Ecklonia biomass.
14  oval cells
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
HSCs (4 times)
HGF (2 times)
ALF-P (1 time)
1995 Overexpression of c-met protooncogene product and raised Ki67 index in hepatocellular carcinomas with respect to benign liver conditions.
15  odontogenic cysts
(10 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
OKC (2 times)
OTs (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
1997 Primary intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws originating in odontogenic cysts.
16  oral contraceptive pills
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CVRs (1 time)
EE (1 time)
ERa (1 time)
1989 Oral contraceptive pills and follicular fluid hormones in an in vitro fertilization program.
17  ovarian carcinomas
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AI (1 time)
ALNs (1 time)
BOTs (1 time)
1995 MDM2 overexpression is rare in ovarian carcinoma irrespective of TP53 mutation status.
18  open cholecystectomies
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
LCs (3 times)
IOCs (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1993 Comparison of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with open cholecystectomy in a single center.
19  Oral contraceptive pills
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CVD (1 time)
IUDs (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1983 The 150/30 formulation. Experience in the United Kingdom.
20  osteoclast-like cells
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
CTR (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2000 Calcitonin receptor regulation and responsiveness to calcitonin in human osteoclast-like cells prepared in vitro using receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand and macrophage colony-stimulating factor.
21  obese controls
(4 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
PWS (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BMI-z (1 time)
2011 Vascular dysfunction in obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
22  older controls
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
CGs (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2003 Category learning deficits in Parkinson's disease.
23  olfactory cells
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
EP (1 time)
hCOEs (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2013 Does surgery of the olfactory clefts modify the sense of smell?
24  osteoclast cells
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BMMs (1 time)
co-HBMSCs (1 time)
co-HUVECs (1 time)
2014 Silicate bioceramics enhanced vascularization and osteogenesis through stimulating interactions between endothelia cells and bone marrow stromal cells.
25  oxygen concentrators
(4 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
LTOT (1 time)
1991 Home controls of a sample of 2,414 oxygen concentrators. Sous-Commission Technique ANTADIR.
26  oral carcinomas
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AAIR (1 time)
APC (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
2011 Decreased oral cancer risk by moderate alcohol consumption in non-smoker postmenopausal women.
27  oral challenges
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
APT (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2003 Thresholds of clinical reactivity to milk, egg, peanut and sesame in immunoglobulin E-dependent allergies: evaluation by double-blind or single-blind placebo-controlled oral challenges.
28  oral hormonal contraceptives
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IUDs (1 time)
2003 A comparative analysis of the modification of sexual desire of users of oral hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices.
29  organochlorine pollutants
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CHLs (1 time)
HCB (1 time)
HCHs (1 time)
2003 Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in Baltic and Atlantic gray seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups.
30  organotypic cultures
(3 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DED (1 time)
1992 Integrin expression and differentiation in transformed human epidermal cells is regulated by fibroblasts.
31  outgrowth colonies
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
ICM (2 times)
LIF (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
2005 Effect of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on in vitro produced bovine embryos and their outgrowth colonies.
32  occipital condyles
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
COR (1 time)
EAM (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2007 A kinematic and anthropometric study of the upper cervical spine and the occipital condyles.
33  OCD patients
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
OCD (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
FOK (1 time)
2004 Sympathetic magic in contamination-related OCD.
34  odor concentrations
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DMS (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
OAV (1 time)
2001 Olfactory response to mushroom composting emissions as a function of chemical concentration.
35  oligodendrocytes
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
jp (1 time)
MAG (1 time)
NCAM (1 time)
1996 In vitro oligodendrogliotrophic properties of cell adhesion molecules in the immunoglobulin superfamily: myelin-associated glycoprotein and N-CAM.
36  Omental cells
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Cellular basis of tissue regeneration by omentum.
37  oncocytomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
chRCC (1 time)
cRCC (1 time)
2007 Concurrent angiomyolipoma and two oncocytomas in the same kidney.
38  open conformers
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HLA-F (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
NKRs (1 time)
2016 HLA-F and MHC-I Open Conformers Bind Natural Killer Cell Ig-Like Receptor KIR3DS1.
39  Oral cancers
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CYP1A1 (1 time)
FPs (1 time)
GSTs (1 time)
2010 Polymorphisms of CYP1A1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 Loci as the Genetic Predispositions of Oral Cancers and Other Oral Pathologies: Tobacco and Alcohol as Risk Modifiers.
40  ORF clusters
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ORF (1 time)
2013 New insights on the biology of swine respiratory tract mycoplasmas from a comparative genome analysis.
41  organochlorine concentrations
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 Differences in DDT and PCB residues between common and striped dolphins from the southwestern Mediterranean.
42  osteoarthritic chondrocytes
(2 times)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
COMP (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
hESCs (1 time)
2011 The effects of velvet antler polypeptides on the phenotype and related biological indicators of osteoarthritic rabbit chondrocytes.
43  osteochondromas
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 Neurological manifestations, imaging characteristics, and surgical outcome of intraspinal osteochondroma.
44  osteocytes
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GR (2 times)
OBs (2 times)
OCLs (2 times)
1999 Cytochemical demonstration of the glucocorticoid receptor in skeletal cells of the rat.
45  outpatient clinics
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
FTND (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2010 Are emergency department visits really a teachable moment? Smoking cessation promotion in emergency department.
46  output couplers
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CW (2 times)
HR (1 time)
2015 Intracavity continuous-wave multiple stimulated-Raman-scattering emissions in a KTP crystal pumped by a Nd:YVO(4) laser.
47  ovarian cells
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2012 Transplantation of an alginate-matrigel matrix containing isolated ovarian cells: first step in developing a biodegradable scaffold to transplant isolated preantral follicles and ovarian cells.
48  ovarian cysts
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
CRO (1 time)
FCs (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2008 Fetal and neonatal ovarian cysts: is surgery indicated?
49  oxygen carriers
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CLC (1 time)
OSC (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
2016 Influence of transition metal electronegativity on the oxygen storage capacity of perovskite oxides.
50  oxyntic cells
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BCECF (1 time)
DIDS (1 time)
ME (1 time)
1986 Segregation of gastric Na and Cl transport: a vibrating probe and microelectrode study.
51  chemicals-organochlorines
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NNRC (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2002 Relationships between persistent organic chemicals residues and biochemical constituents in fish from a protected area: the French National Nature Reserve of Camargue.
52  obese insulin-resistant nondiabetic control subjects
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IRS-1 (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2014 Increased interaction with insulin receptor substrate 1, a novel abnormality in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
53  Object-initial clauses
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2014 Context improves comprehension of fronted objects.
54  obligatory contexts
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
2002 Grammatical morpheme production in 4-year-old children.
55  Obsessions and compulsions
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MOCI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2016 Putamen volume correlates with obsessive compulsive characteristics in healthy population.
56  obsessive compulsive disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2002 Inflated perception of responsibility for harm in OCD patients with and without checking compulsions: a replication and extension.
57  Obstacle courses
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 Physiological determinants of performance on an indoor military obstacle course test.
58  occlusal concepts
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
2008 Influence of the occlusal concept of complete dentures on patient satisfaction in the initial phase after fitting: bilateral balanced occlusion vs canine guidance.
59  Occult cancers
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
NILs (1 time)
2019 Clinical findings and outcomes of MRI staging of breast cancer in a diverse population.
60  occupational contexts
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
NHL (1 time)
2016 Ranking occupational contexts associated with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
61  Octopus cells
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Cost of auditory sharpness: Model-Based estimate of energy use by auditory brainstem "octopus" neurons.
62  ocular complications
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HZO (1 time)
1995 [A statistical study of ocular complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus and its prolongation factors].
63  odontogenic carcinomas
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
SCCs (1 time)
2012 A clinicoradiological study of odontogenic carcinomas and their impact on clinical diagnosis.
64  odorous compounds
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Analysis of relative concentration of ethanol and other odorous compounds (OCs) emitted from the working surface at a landfill in China.
65  oligo-carrageenans
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PPCs (1 time)
2013 Oligo-carrageenans enhance growth and contents of cellulose, essential oils and polyphenolic compounds in Eucalyptus globulus trees.
66  oncocytic carcinomas
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Oncocytic carcinoma of the parotid gland: case report and review of the literature.
67  Oncocytic cells
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
2016 Deficiency of respiratory chain complex I in Hashimoto thyroiditis.
68  oncological centers
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2017 Predictive Assessment of Cancer Center Catchment Area from Electronic Health Records.
69  oocyte-cumulus cell complexes
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
Fs (1 time)
OCGs (1 time)
2002 Bovine oocytes in early antral follicles grow in serum-free media: effect of hypoxanthine on follicular morphology and oocyte growth.
70  open capsules
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ICs (1 time)
PPIs (1 time)
RYGB (1 time)
2017 Opened Proton Pump Inhibitor Capsules Reduce Time to HealingCompared With Intact Capsules for Marginal UlcerationFollowing Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.
71  open colectomies
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2006 Economic evaluation of minimally invasive colectomy.
72  open complexes
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RNAP (1 time)
SI3 (1 time)
sigma1.1 (1 time)
2015 E. coli RNA Polymerase Determinants of Open Complex Lifetime and Structure.
73  open conversions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
2012 Delayed open conversions after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
74  operational conditions
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
ERCs (1 time)
EU (1 time)
2016 SPERCS-A tool for environmental emission estimation.
75  operational costs
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
EF (1 time)
EQI (1 time)
2017 Greenhouse gas emissions and the links to plant performance in a fixed-film activated sludge membrane bioreactor - Pilot plant experimental evidence.
76  opioid contracts
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Literacy demands and formatting characteristics of opioid contracts in chronic nonmalignant pain management.
77  opportunistic cancers
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
OIs (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2016 Frequency and distribution patterns of opportunistic infections associated with HIV/AIDS in Uganda.
78  opportunity costs
(1 time)
NPV (1 time)
REDD (1 time)
2016 Monetary incentives to avoid deforestation under the Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD)+ climate change mitigation scheme in Tanzania.
79  opposite-sex co-actors
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SC (1 time)
2017 Gender composition mediates social facilitation effect in co-action condition.
80  optic canals
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 The importance and timing of optic canal exploration and decompression during endoscopic endonasal resection of tuberculum sella and planum sphenoidale meningiomas.
81  optic cups
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
FGF8 (1 time)
OF (1 time)
2018 Metalloproteinase Adamts16 Is Required for Proper Closure of the Optic Fissure.
82  optimal codons
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
HEG (1 time)
2016 Comparative analysis of codon usage bias in Crenarchaea and Euryarchaea genome reveals differential preference of synonymous codons to encode highly expressed ribosomal and RNA polymerase proteins.
83  optimal cut points
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2013 Cut points for mild, moderate, and severe pain on the VAS for children and adolescents: what can be learned from 10 million ANOVAs?
84  optimized coordinates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HOLCs (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2015 Hybrid Optimized and Localized Vibrational Coordinates.
85  Oral cannabinoid-containing medications
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of oral cannabinoid-containing medications for the management of interferon and ribavirin-induced anorexia, nausea and weight loss in patients treated for chronic hepatitis C virus.
86  oral conditions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
2016 Patterns of emergency department use for dental and oral health care: implications for dental and medical care coordination.
87  oral contraceptive hormones
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
GnRHa (1 time)
2009 Complete remission of OC-resistant catamenial shoulder joint pain and inguinal pain associated with extraperitoneal endometriosis following personalized GnRH agonist therapy.
88  oral contraceptive preparations
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
tPA (1 time)
1987 Effects of two low-dose oral contraceptives on circulating components of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems.
89  ordinary companies
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Cognitive and Social Functioning Correlates of Employment Among People with Severe Mental Illness.
90  organic chemicals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Trophic Magnification of Organic Chemicals: A Global Synthesis.
91  organic chromophores
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
NLO (1 time)
PCM (1 time)
2015 General strategy for computing nonlinear optical properties of large neutral and cationic organic chromophores in solution.
92  organizing centres
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CDK1 (1 time)
NEBD (1 time)
2018 Specialization of CDK1 and cyclin B paralog functions in a coenocystic mode of oogenic meiosis.
93  organo-clays
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2018 Removal Properties of Anionic Dye Eosin by Cetyltrimethylammonium Organo-Clays: The Effect of Counter-Ions and Regeneration Studies.
94  Organochlorine chemicals
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Organochlorine compounds in ice melt water from Italian Alpine rivers.
95  organochlorine pesticide residues
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DDTs (1 time)
HCB (1 time)
HCHs (1 time)
2008 Organochlorine pesticide residues in sediment cores of sunderban wetland, northeastern part of Bay of Bengal, India, and their ecotoxicological significance.
96  organochlorine pesticides or metabolites
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
1999 Serum concentrations of various environmental contaminants and their relationship to sex steroid concentrations and phallus size in juvenile American alligators.
97  organohalogen compounds
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HBCDs (1 time)
HQs (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2012 Brominated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls in human breast milk from several locations in India: potential contaminant sources in a municipal dumping site.
98  organohalogen compounds including organochlorines
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HPT (1 time)
PBDE (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2016 Associations between organohalogen concentrations and transcription of thyroid-related genes in a highly contaminated gull population.
99  organs of Corti
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
DPOAEs (1 time)
SARs (1 time)
2004 Effects of exposure of the ear to GSM microwaves: in vivo and in vitro experimental studies.
100  orofacial clefts
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
CP (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
2008 Does lamotrigine use in pregnancy increase orofacial cleft risk relative to other malformations?